Prime Minister of Kosovo

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Kryeministri Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Премијер Републике Косово/Premijer Republike Kosovo) is the head of government of the Kosovo[a].

The Prime Minister and the Government of Kosovo, which he or she heads, are responsible for their actions to the Assembly of Kosovo, of which they must all be members. The current Prime Minister of the Government of Kosovo is Ramush Haradinaj.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo
Kryeministri i Republikës së Kosovës (in Albanian)
Премијер Pепубликe Косово (in Serbian)
Coat of arms of Kosovo
Picture of Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj
Incumbent
Ramush Haradinaj

since 9 September 2017
NominatorPresident of Kosovo
AppointerAssembly of Kosovo
Term lengthNo term limit; confidence of the legislature
Inaugural holderBajram Rexhepi
Formation4 March 2002
Websitekryeministri-ks.net (in Albanian)
kryeministri-ks.net (in English)

Officeholders

Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo

Parties

  KPK/SKK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political Party
Chairman of the Executive Council of the People's Committee
1945–1953
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans 1945 February 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
Chairmen of the Executive Council
1953–1990
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans February 1953 June 1963 League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
(1919–2005)
No image June 1963 May 1967 League of Communists
3 Ilija Vakić
(1932–)
Ilija Vakić May 1967 May 1974 League of Communists
4 Bogoljub Nedeljković
(1920–1986)
Bogoljub Nedeljković May 1974 May 1978 League of Communists
5 Bahri Oruçi
(1930–2011)
Bahri Oruči May 1978 May 1980 League of Communists
6 Riza Sapunxhiu
(1925–2008)
No image May 1980 May 1982 League of Communists
7 Imer Pula
(1921–2010)
Imer Pulja May 1982 5 May 1984 League of Communists
8 Ljubomir Neđo Borković
(1926–2009)
No image 5 May 1984 May 1986 League of Communists
9 Namzi Mustafa
(1941–)
No image May 1986 1987 League of Communists
10 Kaqusha Jashari
(1946–)
No image 10 March 1987 9 May 1989 League of Communists
11 Nikolla Shkreli
(1944–)
No image 9 May 1989 1989 League of Communists
12 Daut Jashanica
(1948–)
No image 1989 4 December 1989 League of Communists
13 Jusuf Zejnullahu
(1944–)
No image 4 December 1989 5 July 1990 League of Communists

Republic of Kosova (Recognised only by Albania)

Parties

  LDK   PDK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Prime Ministers
1990–2000
1 Jusuf Zejnullahu
(1944–)
No image 7 September 1990 5 October 1991 Democratic League
2 Bujar Bukoshi
(1947–)
No image 5 October 1991 1 February 2000 Democratic League
Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
Provisional Prime Minister
In opposition
Hashim Thaçi, 2012 2 April 1999 1 February 2000 Democratic Party

UN-administered Kosovo

Parties

  PDK   LDK   AAK   PPK   Non-party

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Prime Ministers
2002–2008
1 Bajram Rexhepi
(1954–2017)
Bajram Rexhepi 2001 4 March 2002 3 December 2004 Democratic Party
2 Ramush Haradinaj
(1968–)
Ramush Haradinaj (-125880784) 2004 3 December 2004 8 March 2005 Alliance for the Future
Adem Salihaj
(1950–)
Acting Prime Minister
No image 8 March 2005 25 March 2005 Democratic League
3 Bajram Kosumi
(1960–)
No image 25 March 2005 10 March 2006 Parliamentary Party
4 Agim Çeku
(1960–)
Agim Ceku 2006 10 March 2006 9 January 2008 Independent
supported by
Alliance for the Future
5 Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
Hashim Thaçi, 2012 2007 9 January 2008 17 February 2008 Democratic Party

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised by 112 UN member states)

Parties

  PDK   LDK   AAK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Prime Ministers
2008–present
1 Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
Hashim Thaçi, 2012 2010 17 February 2008 9 December 2014 Democratic Party
2 Isa Mustafa
(1951–)
Isa Mustafa 2014 9 December 2014 9 September 2017 Democratic League
3 Ramush Haradinaj
(1968–)
Ramush Haradinaj (-125880784) 2017 9 September 2017 Incumbent Alliance for the Future

See also

Notes

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

External links

Adem Salihaj

Adem Salihaj (born 25 December 1950) is a Kosovar Albanian politician who was a former deputy prime minister of Kosovo and was the acting Prime Minister of Kosovo from 8–25 March 2005. He represented the Democratic League of Kosovo.

Salihaj was born in the Duraj village of Kaçanik. He studied Albanian language and literature in the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Pristina. He worked for several years as a journalist of Bota e re (New world) newspaper and for the Radio Television of Pristina. Due to his political activities he was processed in court five times, imprisoned three times by the Yugoslav authorities, and spent a total of 12 years in jail. He was a signatory of the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.Salihaj claims to have been the victim of an assassination attempt on June 12, 2000 which he believes was orchestrated by Kosovo's National Intelligence Service with the approval of Hashim Thaci.In 2005, Salihahj was accused by the opposition Democratic Party of Kosovo and the ORA of being involved in organized crime. Salihaj and Speaker Nexhat Daci were removed from their posts in March 2006 after the death of Ibrahim Rugova and went on to form the Democratic League of Dardania.

Agim

Agim is an Albanian masculine given name with the meaning "dawn". People named Agim include:

Agim Canaj, former footballer and current football coach

Agim Çeku, former Prime Minister of Kosovo

Agim Kaba, American actor, artist and director

Agim Krasniqi, Albanian nationalist and former leader of a band of insurgents

Agim Ramadani, Albanian writer

Agim Shabani, Norwegian footballer

Agim Qirjaqi, Albanian actor and television director

Agim Zajmi, Albanian painter

Ali Shukriu

Ali Shukriu (Serbian: Али Шукрија, Ali Šukrija) was a political figure of Kosovo, during its period as an autonomous province of Yugoslavia. He served as Prime Minister of Kosovo (1963–1967), and later as President of Kosovo (1981–1982).

Ariel Raubvogel

Ariel Raubvogel is an Israeli public relations expert and the current P.R. advisor to Hashim Thaçi, the Prime Minister of Kosovo. According to the press, its role is controversial on a large variety of subjects, including a contract of US$ 6,000,000 between the Kosovo State and the public relations agency Saatchi & Saatchi, to improve the image of the unilaterally proclaimed Republic of Kosovo in the world.

Bajram Kosumi

Bajram Kosumi (born 20 March 1960, in Kosovska Kamenica, Yugoslavia) is an Albanian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Kosovo for nearly one year. He was nominated by Kosovan President Ibrahim Rugova and elected Prime Minister by the Kosovo Parliament on 23 March 2005 following his predecessor Ramush Haradinaj's indictment for war crimes and subsequent resignation. Kosumi resigned on 1 March 2006 amid widespread unpopularity and was replaced by former rebel leader Agim Çeku. He also served as the deputy chairman of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo.

Bajram Rexhepi

Bajram Rexhepi (3 June 1954 – 21 August 2017), was a Kosovar politician who served as the first elected post-war prime minister and later as interior minister of the Kosovo and as a member of the Kosovo Assembly. He was a member of the second largest political party in Kosovo, the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK).

Behgjet Pacolli

Behgjet Isa Pacolli (born 30 August 1951; Albanian pronunciation: [bɛhˈɟɛt päˈt͡so:ɫɪ]) is a Kosovo politician who is serving as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo and Minister of Foreign Affairs. Pacolli is a former President of the Republic of Kosovo, and previously served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo between 2011 and 2014. Pacolli was one of the signatories of 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.

He is the major shareholder of Mabetex Group, a Swiss-based construction and civil-engineering company. Pacolli is also the President of the third biggest political party in Kosovo the New Kosovo Alliance. He is believed to be the world's richest ethnic Albanian.As a young man, Pacolli contacted companies throughout Austria and Germany seeking work and soon after finishing his military service, he joined an Austrian company, for which he worked as a sales representative for ex-Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Poland and Russia. Two years later, he moved to Switzerland and joined a Swiss company he had gotten to know in Moscow.

Government of Kosovo

The Government of Kosovo (Albanian: Qeveria e Kosovës; Serbian: Влада Косова / Vlada Kosova) exercises executive authority in the Republic of Kosovo. It is composed of government ministers, and is led by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is elected by the Assembly of Kosovo. Ministers are nominated by the Prime Minister, and then confirmed by the Assembly.

Ramush Haradinaj is the current Prime Minister of Kosovo. He was elected after the June 9, 2017 elections. His government, approved by the Assembly and installed on September 9, 2017, consists of Albanians, as well as ministers from Kosovo's ethnic minorities, which include Bosniaks, Turks and Serbs. Although the government includes few representatives of ethnic minorities, it is dominated by the Albanian majority, who have most influence on the decision-making.

Hajredin Kuçi

Hajredin Kuçi born 2 January 1971 in Peja is a Kosovar Albanian politician, serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo and Minister of Justice. He resigned in June 2012.

Hashim Thaçi

Hashim Thaçi ([hä'ʃɪm 'θɑ:t͡ʃɪ] (listen); born 24 April 1968) is a Kosovar politician who has been the President of Kosovo since April 2016. He was the first Prime Minister of Kosovo and the Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister in the new cabinet led by Isa Mustafa, which assumed office on 12 December 2014.

Thaçi is from the Drenica region in Kosovo, which is where the KLA originated. He studied philosophy in Prishtina, before moving to Switzerland, where he joined the Kosovo Liberation Army in 1993. He rose through the ranks of the KLA to become leader of the most powerful faction by 1999, during the Rambouillet negotiations. He then joined the interim Kosovo administration after the war.

Thaçi became leader of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), which won the largest share of the vote in the 2007 Kosovo elections. In 2008, Thaci declared the independence of Kosovo and became its first prime minister. In 2016 he was elected President of Kosovo. Thaci has pursued a pro-American policy while in office. There have been controversies regarding Thaçi's role in the KLA and allegations about him being involved in organized crime.

Isa Mustafa

Isa Mustafa ([ɪˈsɑ mʉsˈtɑfä] (listen); born 15 May 1951) is a Kosovar politician who is the leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). Mustafa was Mayor of Pristina from December 2007 to December 2013 and served as Prime Minister of Kosovo between December 2014 and September 2017.

Jusuf Zejnullahu

Jusuf Zejnullahu (born 1944 in Democratic Federal Yugoslavia) was a Kosovar politician.

New Kosovo Alliance

New Kosovo Alliance (Albanian: Aleanca Kosova e Re, AKR) is a liberal political party in Kosovo that is in the current coalition government made up by the PDK and AKR. The party was founded on 3 May 2006, by Behgjet Pacolli, a businessman. He is the founding owner of Mabetex, the Swiss-based project-engineering firm that has managed significant engineering projects ranging from restorations in the White House in the United States to the rebuilding of the Kremlin in Moscow.

Up until 17 November 2007, the AKR had not taken part in any elections as it was a new political organization. The party enjoyed significant support in Kosovo, with the April 2007 survey of BBSS Gallup International/Index suggesting that the AKR was the fourth-largest political party in Kosovo with 8% support amongst those surveyed. The survey showed that the AKR was lagging behind the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) (26%), Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) (17%), and the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (9%).The AKR first ran candidates in the Kosovo elections which were held on 17 November 2007. The party won 12.3% of the vote and 13 seats in the assembly of Kosovo, making it the third-largest party in the nation. It was the largest official opposition party to the coalition government of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) and the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), led by Hashim Thaçi at the time.

On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as President of Kosovo by the members of Parliament. Immediately after becoming President, he resigned as the head of the AKR due to the Constitutional requirements that the head of the state cannot hold two different political functions simultaneously once in power.

On 4 April 2011, President Pacolli stepped down after his election as President was declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of Kosovo. Most opposition members of parliament had boycotted the presidential vote due to their dissatisfaction with the candidates, and the court ruled this invalidated the election. President Pacolli earned respect for choosing to step down voluntarily and prevent the country from engaging in a political crisis. Many observers and foreign dignitaries, such as the United States ambassador to Kosovo, William Christopher Dell, commended the former President for his action.

The coalition government of the PDK and AKR continued, and the former president was appointed on 8 April 2011 as the first deputy prime minister of Kosovo. He was charged with leading a special task force to lobby for the recognition of the independence of Kosovo throughout the world.

Behgjet Pacolli was expected to return to leading the AKR by the end of July 2011. Rrahim Pacolli was to return to the post of general secretary of the party. Due to his efforts, in 2007 the party had gained its highest electoral success.

Politics of Kosovo

The politics of Kosovo, a disputed territory recognized by 112 out of 193 (58%) United Nations (UN) member states as an de facto independent state situated de jure within Serbia, takes place in a framework of a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President (Presidenti) is the head of state and the Prime Minister (Kryeministri) the head of government. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, the most recent in 2017.

The executive power is exercised by the government (Qeveria), presided over by the Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the parliament (Kuvendi). The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Provisional Institutions of Self-Government

The Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (Albanian: Institucionet e përkohshme të vetëqeverisjes, Serbian: Привремене институције самоуправе, Privremene institucije samouprave) or 'PISG' were the local administrative bodies in Kosovo established by the United Nations administration ('UNMIK'), under the terms of UNSCR 1244. That resolution, which ended the Kosovo conflict of 1999, provided for an interim international administration for Kosovo which would establish and oversee the development of "provisional, democratic self-governing institutions". Kosovo is the subject of a long-running political and territorial dispute between the Serbian (and previously, the Yugoslav) government versus Kosovo's largely ethnic-Albanian population. Whilst formerly a part of Serbia, international negotiations began in 2006 to determine the final status of Kosovo (see also Constitutional status of Kosovo and Kosovo Status Process).

In May 2001, UNMIK promulgated a Constitutional Framework which established these Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG). Since 2001, UNMIK gradually transferred increased administrative competencies to the PISG. UNMIK had also established municipal government and an internationally supervised Kosovo Police Service.

The Provisional Institutions comprised:

The Assembly of Kosovo, which elects a President of Kosovo;

The Government of Kosovo, with a Prime Minister of Kosovo nominated by the President and endorsed by the Assembly;

The Judicial System of Kosovo, which is appointed by the SRSG from a list endorsed by the Assembly after being proposed by the Judicial and Prosecutorial Council.Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008.

Ramush Haradinaj

Ramush Haradinaj (Albanian pronunciation: [ɾamuʃ haɾadinaj]; born 3 July 1968) is a Kosovo Albanian politician, who has been the Prime Minister of Kosovo since 9 September 2017 and leader of the AAK party. He is a former officer and leader of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA/UÇK), and previously served as Prime Minister of Kosovo between 2004 and 2005.

Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia Haradinaj was the KLA commander for western Kosovo. Following the conflict, Haradinaj went into politics but soon resigned after becoming one of the KLA commanders charged by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) with war crimes and crimes against humanity against Serbs, Romani and Albanians between March and September 1998 during the Kosovo War. He was acquitted of all charges on 3 April 2008. The prosecution appealed against the acquittal and argued that it was not given enough time to secure the testimony of two critical witnesses. In 2010 the Appeals Chamber agreed and ordered a partial retrial in The Hague, Netherlands. The re-trial took just over two years and on 29 November 2012, Haradinaj and his co-defendant were acquitted for a second time on all charges.

Riza Sapunxhiu

Riza Sapunxhiu (15 March 1925 – 6 September 2008) was a Kosovo Albanian communist politician and economist of the former Yugoslavia. He was born in Peć, at the time in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. He served as Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister of Kosovo prior to becoming its representative in the Yugoslav Presidency.

From 1980 to 1982, Sapunxhiu served as Prime Minister of Kosovo. In 1981, he headed the Kosovar delegation in a historical visit to Albania. This visit paved the way for closer relations between Albania and the Albanian community in Kosovo and the Albanian community in the Former Yugoslavia.As a successful economist, in 1982, Sapunxhiu became an official at the World Bank.When the Yugoslav crisis began, he opposed the idea of a civil war and did not effectually vote, though he was registered as voting pro. Nevertheless, the civil war was not declared due to opposition by other members of the presidency.

Social Democratic Initiative (Kosovo)

The Social Democratic Initiative (Albanian: NISMA Social Demokrate) also known as NISMA, is a political party in Kosovo formed by Fatmir Limaj and Jakup Krasniqi, former members of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK).

Limaj is party leader. Secretary Jakup Krasniqi's involvement in the Pronto Affair wiretapping scandal was the culmination of split of PDK. Sami Lushtaku (mayor of Skenderaj and DPK leader) together with Prime Minister of Kosovo Hashim Thaci and Adem Grabovci, had insulted the Chairman of the Assembly of Kosovo Jakup Krasniqi and offended citizens of Mališevo, referring to them as dog walkers.

The Trial (2009 film)

The Trial is a 2009 documentary film made by Headland Pictures following the trial for war crimes of the former Prime Minister of Kosovo, Ramush Haradinaj.Directed and produced by Rob O'Reilly and John Murphy, the film follows Haradinaj's legal team behind the scenes as they struggle to defend their client. It also features interviews with Haradinaj himself, as well as Soren Jessen-Petersen, the former head of UNMIK in Kosovo, and Klaus Reinhardt, the former head of NATO in Kosovo.

The film was shot in mainly in the Netherlands and Kosovo.

The film premiered at the Galway Film Fleadh in 2009.

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