Prime Minister of Iraq

The Prime Minister of Iraq is the head of government of Iraq. The Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be Prime Minister on 21 April 2006.[2][3] On 14 August 2014, al-Maliki agreed to step down as prime minister of Iraq to allow Haider al-Abadi to take his place.[4] On 25 October 2018, Adil Abdul-Mahdi was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections.[5]

Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008)
Adil Abdul-Mahdi portrait
Incumbent
Adil Abdul-Mahdi

since 25 October 2018
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceRepublican Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
AppointerChosen by the President, Subject to Council of Representatives vote with absolute majority
Term lengthFour-year term, renewable[1]
Inaugural holderAbd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Formation11 November 1920
Websitehttp://www.mofa.gov.iq/en/

Appointment

The Council of Representatives elected the President of the Republic and his Deputies, including the President of the Council of Ministers.

The Presidency Council then shall name a Prime Minister unanimously. According to this, The Presidency Council must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the Prime Minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the Council of Representatives must confirm the nomination by an absolute majority. If the Prime Minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another Prime Minister.

Agencies directly subordinate

The Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau reports to the Prime Minister directly. The Iraqi CTB oversees the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, a formation that includes all Iraqi Special Operations Forces. As of 30 June 2009, there had been legislation in progress for a year to make the Iraqi CTB a separate ministry.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Iraqi lawmakers pass law to block Maliki from third term". Reuters. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  2. ^ Iraq parliament elects new leaders CNN, 22 April 2006
  3. ^ Maliki endorsed as new Iraqi PM BBC News, 22 April 2006
  4. ^ "Maliki gives up Iraq PM job to rival". http://www.aljazeera.com. Al Jazeera and agencies. External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ "Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi sworn in with 14 ministers, so far". Rudaw.net. 2015-06-16. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  6. ^ Montrose Toast, Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau, 30 June 2009
Adil Abdul-Mahdi

Adil Abdul-Mahdi al-Muntafiki (Arabic: عادل عبد المهدي المنتفكي‎, born 1 January 1942) is an Iraqi politician who is the Prime Minister of Iraq since October 2018, an economist and was one of the Vice Presidents of Iraq from 2005 to 2011. He formerly served as the Finance Minister in the Interim government and Oil Minister from 2014 to 2016.Abdel-Mahdi is a former member of the powerful Shi'a party the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, or SIIC. Long based in neighboring Iran, the group opposed a United States administration while holding close ties with the other U.S.-backed groups that opposed Saddam Hussein, including the Kurds and the Iraqi National Congress.

Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai

Ahmed Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai (Arabic: أحمد حسين خضير السامرائي‎) (born July 2, 1941) was Prime Minister of Iraq from 1993 to 1994, during the rule of President Saddam Hussein.He surrendered to the U.S. forces during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Later on, he was sentenced in 2006 for alleged involvement in executions, but released in 2010.

Ahmad Mukhtar Baban

Ahmad Mukhtar Baban (1900 – 24 October 1976(1976-10-24) (aged 75–76)) (Arabic: أحمد مختار بابان‎) was the last Prime Minister of Iraq under the monarchy in 1958.

Arif Abd ar-Razzaq

Arif Abd ar-Razzaq or Aref Abdel Razzak (1921 – 30 March 2007; Arabic: عارف عبد الرزاق‎) was Prime Minister of Iraq for 11 days in September 1965. On September 17 he fled to Egypt, after participating in a failed coup d'état against President Abdul Salam Arif. On 12 June 1966 he led another unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the new government of Premier Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz and President Abdul Rahman Arif.

Ayad Allawi

Ayad Allawi (Arabic: إياد علاوي‎. Iyād ʿAllāwī; born May 31, 1944) is an Iraqi politician. He served as Vice President of Iraq from 2014 to 2015, interim Prime Minister of Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and was the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (38th Prime Minister of Iraq) in 2003. He became Vice President again, in October 2016.

A prominent Iraqi political activist who lived in exile for almost 30 years, Allawi, a Shia Muslim, became a member of the Iraq Interim Governing Council, which was established by U.S.-led coalition authorities following the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He became Iraq's first head of government since Saddam Hussein when the council dissolved on June 1, 2004 and named him Prime Minister of the Iraqi Interim Government. His term as Prime Minister ended on April 7, 2005, after the selection of Islamic Dawa Party leader Ibrahim al-Jaafari by the newly elected transitional Iraqi National Assembly.A former Ba'athist, Allawi helped found the Iraqi National Accord, which today is an active political party. In the lead up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the INA provided intelligence about alleged weapons of mass destruction to MI6. Allawi has lived about half of his life in the UK. His wife and children still live in the UK for their security. He survived assassination attempts in 1978, in 2004, and on April 20, 2005.

Allawi's first name is sometimes rendered as Iyad or Eyad.

Gilani

Gilani or Gillani is a Gilaki surname, originating from the Gilan Province. Notable people with the surname (or variants) include:

Sayyed Abdul-Qadir Gilani (1077–1166), 12th century Muslim Saint, Scholar and Author of books on spirituality

Sayyed Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gilani (1841–1927), first Prime Minister of Iraq in 1920

Ahmed Gailani Afghan politician (born 1932)

Baqa Jilani (1911–1941), early 20th century cricketer from the Punjab

Benjamin Gilani (born 1946), Indian theatre and television actor

Abdul Qader al-Keilani (1874–1948), early 20th century Syrian statesman and religious authority

Haji Gilani (died 2003), participant in the 2001 Afghan war

Hamid Raza Gilani, Pakistani politician

Imtiaz Gilani (born 1947), Pakistani engineer and academic

Kamel al-Kilani (born 1958), minister in the Iraqi Interim Council

Maulana Manazir Ahsan Gilani, 19th century philosopher

Mian Ghulam Jilani (1914–2004), critic of the Bhutto government

Mohammad Mohammadi Gilani (born 1928), Iranian cleric and religious authority

Mubarak Ali Gilani, Hanafi, Qadiri sheikh

Rashid Ali al-Gaylani (1892–1965), Prime Minister of Iraq in 1933 and 1941

Syeda Sarwat Gilani (born 1982), Pakistani actress and model

Syed Ali Shah Geelani, separatist leader, important member of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference

Sayed Ishaq Gailani (born 1954), Afghan Politician

Syed Mumtaz Alam Gillani (born 1940), Pakistani lawyer and politician

Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani (born 1952), Prime Minister of Pakistan from March 24, 2008 to April 26, 2012

Zahed Gilani (1216–1301), 13th century leader of the Zahediyeh Sufi order

Syed Iftikhar Hussain Gillani, Pakistani Former Federal Minister for Law and Justice

Haider al-Abadi

Haider Jawad Kadhim al-Abadi (Arabic: حيدر جواد كاظم العبادي‎, born 25 April 1952) is an Iraqi politician who was Prime Minister of Iraq from September 2014 until October 2018. Previously he served as Minister of Communication from 2003 to 2004, in the first government after Saddam Hussein was deposed.

He was designated as Prime Minister by President Fuad Masum on 11 August 2014 to succeed Nouri al-Maliki and was approved by the Iraqi parliament on 8 September 2014.

Hoshyar Zebari

Hoshyar Mahmud Mohammed Zebari, also simply known as Hoshyar Zebari (also spelled Hoshyar Zubari/Zibari, Kurdish: Hişyar Zêbarî; born 1953) is an Iraqi politician who formerly served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq in 2014 and also as the Finance Minister until 2016. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 until 2014.

Jafar al-Askari

Ja'far Pasha al-Askari (Arabic: جعفر العسكري‎) (September 15, 1885 – October 29, 1936) served twice as prime minister of Iraq: from November 22, 1923, to August 3, 1924; and from November 21, 1926, to December 31, 1927.

Al-Askari served in the Ottoman Army during World War I until he was captured by British forces attacking the Empire from Egypt. After he was released he was converted to the cause of Arab nationalism and joined forces with Amir Faisal and T. E. Lawrence (Lawerence of Arabia), with his brother-in-law, Nuri as-Said, who would also serve as prime minister of Iraq. Al-Askari took part in the conquest of Damascus in 1918 and supported placing Faisal on the Syrian throne. When Faisal was deposed by the French in 1920, he advocated granting him a new throne in Iraq.

As a reward for his loyalty, Faisal granted Al-Askari several important cabinet positions, including minister of defense in the first Iraqi government. He served as prime minister twice, and was also minister of foreign affairs. Al-Askari was minister of defense in Yasin al-Hashimi's government when it was overthrown by Chief of Staff Bakr Sidqi in 1936, in Iraq's first coup. Al-Askari was assassinated during the coup.

Mohammad Al-Sadr

Sayyid Mohammad Al-Sadr (Arabic: سيد محمد الصدر January 7, 1882 – April 3, 1956) was an Iraqi Shi'ite statesman. He served as Prime Minister of Iraq from 29 January 1948 to 26 June 1948.

Muhammad Fadhel al-Jamali

Muhammad Fadhel al-Jamali (Arabic: محمد فاضل الجمالي‎) (April 20, 1903 – May 24, 1997) was an Iraqi politician, Iraqi foreign minister, and prime minister of Iraq from 1953 to 1954. In 1945, al-Jamali, as Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs, signed the United Nations Charter on behalf of his country.

Naji Shawkat

Muhammad Naji Shawkat Bey (Arabic: ناجي شوكت‎) (1893 – May 11, 1980) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of Iraq under King Faisal I.

Naji Talib

Naji Talib Arabic: ناجي طالب‎ (July 1, 1917 – March 23, 2012) was the 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq from 1966 to 1967, replacing Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz.

Naji al-Suwaydi

Naji al-Suwaydi (Arabic: ناجي السويدي) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister from November 1929 to March 1930.

Naji al-Suwaydi became prime minister in November 1929, following the suicide of Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun. His short time in the post was marked by street protests agitating for a treaty that would pave the way towards Iraqi independence from the British Mandate of Mesopotamia. That turmoil, combined with attacks from hostile newspapers and undermining from both King Faisal I and Nuri as-Said, led him to resign in March 1930.

Al-Suwaydi presided over the 1937 Bloudan Conference, one of the first pan-Arab conferences held in solidarity with Palestinian Arabs against the Zionist movement.

He was the brother of Tawfiq al-Suwaydi, also a Prime Minister of Iraq.

Nureddin Mahmud

Nureddin Mahmud (Arabic: نورالدين محمود; l899-1981) was the 20th Prime Minister of Iraq from 23 November 1952 until 29 January 1953.

Nuri al-Said

Nuri Pasha al-Said (December 1888 – 15 July 1958) (Arabic: نوري السعيد‎) was an Iraqi politician during the British Mandate of Iraq and the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq. He held various key cabinet positions and served fourteen terms as Prime Minister of Iraq.

From his first appointment as prime minister under the British mandate in 1930, Nuri was a major political figure in Iraq under the monarchy. During his many terms in office, he was involved in some of the key policy decisions that shaped the modern Iraqi state. In 1930, during his first term, he signed the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, which, as a step toward greater independence, granted Britain the unlimited right to station its armed forces in and transit military units through Iraq and also gave legitimacy to British control of the country's oil industry.

The treaty nominally reduced British involvement in Iraq's internal affairs but only to the extent that Iraq did not conflict with British economic or military interests. The agreement led the way to nominal independence, as the Mandate ended in 1932. Throughout most of his career, Nuri was a supporter of a continued and extensive British role within Iraq, which was against the popular mood.

Nuri was a controversial figure with many enemies and had to flee Iraq twice after coups. At the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958, he was very unpopular. His policies, regarded as pro-British, were believed to have failed in adapting to the country's changed social circumstances. Poverty and social injustice were widespread, and Nuri had become a symbol of a regime that failed to address the issues, choosing a course of repression instead, to protect the interests of the well off.

On 15 July 1958, the day after the revolution, he attempted to flee the country disguised as a woman but was captured and killed.

Tahir Yahya

Tahir Yahya (1916−1986) (Arabic: طاهر يحيى‎) was Prime Minister of Iraq twice, from 1963 to 1965 and a short term in 1967-1968. He was educated at the Baghdad Military College and the Staff College. Born in Tikrit 1916. He was the 4th child to Mulla Yahya el-ogaily, a prominent tobacco merchant between North and Central Iraq. At the age of sixteen, he joined the Baghdad Teachers College, then became a teacher in Baghdad for one year after graduation. He then pursued further education in military sciences. He was a cavalry officer and played polo for the Iraqi army. He led the Iraqi armored company where he was wounded in the battle at the Kfar Masaryk , earning two medals bestowed by Crown Prince Abd al-Ilāh.

In November 1963 he was appointed as Prime Minister by President Abdul Salam Arif.At the end of his term, Yahya warned president Arif of the upcoming Ba'ath coup d'état and their plans to overthrow his government, but Arif did not take any action. This led to Yahya submitting his resignation on 8 July 1968, one week before the coup d'état took place. That same morning Yahya was arrested and Arif was deported to London.

Yahya spent three years in prison, torture, and health neglect. In 1971 he was released, only to be put under house arrest until dying in his house in Mansur, Baghdad, in 1986.

Head officer Khalid Battalion 1952

Commander of 20th Brigade 1955

General Director of Police and security Directorate July 14, 1958

Chief of staff February 8, 1963

Minister of Defense, Interim 1964

Tawfiq al-Suwaidi

Tawfiq al-Suwaidi (Arabic: توفيق السويدي‎; May 11, 1892 – October 15, 1968) was an Iraqi politician who served as 5th Prime Minister of Iraq on three occasions stretching from 1929 to 1950.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1154

United Nations Security Council resolution 1154, adopted unanimously on 2 March 1998, after reaffirming Resolution 687 (1991) and all other relevant resolutions, the Council endorsed a memorandum of understanding signed between the Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq, Tariq Aziz.Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council commended the initiative of the Secretary-General to secure agreements from the Iraqi government on compliance with its obligations under relevant resolutions, and awaited their full implementation. The memorandum established a Special Group consisting of diplomats and members of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the inspection of weapons sites.The resolution then demanded that Iraq comply with its obligations and allow unconditional and unrestricted access to sites and persons by UNSCOM and IAEA, and that any violation would have severe consequences for the country.

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Prime Ministers of Iraq (List)
British Mandate of Mesopotamia (1920–1932)
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