Prime Minister of Iceland

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

Prime Minister of Iceland
Forsætisráðherra Íslands
Coat of arms of Iceland
Katrín Jakobsdóttir (cropped)
Incumbent
Katrín Jakobsdóttir

since 30 November 2017
Prime Minister's Office
Member of
SeatReykjavík, Capital Region
NominatorIncumbent's political party and coalition government
AppointerPresident of Iceland
Term lengthNo Term limit
Serves as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Parliament.
Constituting instrument
PrecursorMinister for Iceland
Formation1 February 1904
First holderJón Magnússon
Salary2,021,825 ISK monthly (2017)[1]
Websiteeng.forsaetisraduneyti.is (in English)
forsaetisraduneyti.is (in Icelandic)

Constitutional basis

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President under the Constitution of Iceland, Section II Article 17, and chairs the Cabinet of Iceland:

Fundunum stjórnar sá ráðherra, er forseti lýðveldisins hefur kvatt til forsætis, og nefnist hann forsætisráðherra.[2]
The [cabinet] meetings shall be presided over by the Minister called upon by the President of the Republic to do so, who is designated Prime Minister.[3]

Locations

The Prime Minister's office is located in Stjórnarráðið, Reykjavik where their secretariat is based and where cabinet meetings are held.[4] The Prime Minister has a summer residence, Þingvallabær in Þingvellir. The Prime Minister also has a Reception House at Tjarnargata, Reykjavik which was the Prime Ministerial residence until 1943.[5]

Iceland-Reykjavik-Stjornarrad-1

Stjórnarráðið in Reykjavík, the Prime Minister's Office

El Antiguo Parlamento Parque Nacional de " Thingvellir " Islandia (8621781601)

Þingvallabær, the Prime Minister's summer residence

List of previous prime ministers

Home Rule (1904–1918)

Political Party:   Home Rule   Independence   Union   Independent

No Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Took office Left office Party
Hannes Hafsteinn Hannes Þórður Pétursson Hafstein
(1861–1922)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
1 February 1904 31 March 1909 Home Rule Party
Bjorn Jonsson Björn Jónsson
(1846–1912)
MP for Barðastrandarsýsla
31 March 1909 14 March 1911 Independence Party
Kristjan Jonsson Kristján Jónsson
(1852–1926)
MP for Borgarfjarðarsýsla
14 March 1911 24 July 1912 Independent
Hannes Hafsteinn Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
24 July 1912 21 July 1914 Union Party
Sigurður Eggerz Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
MP for West Skaftafellssýsla
21 July 1914 4 May 1915 Independence Party
EinarArnorsson Einar Arnórsson
(1880–1955)
MP for Árnessýsla
4 May 1915 4 January 1917 Independence Party
(Langsum)

Kingdom (1918–1944)

Political Party:   Home Rule   Independence   Conservative   Progressive   Independent

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Political Party Cabinet Election
# Took Office Left Office Days
1 Jón Magnússon1 Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
MP for Reykjavík until 1920
not in Parliament from 1920
1 4 January 1917 25 February 1920 1888 Home Rule Party HPIPPP Oct. 1916
2 25 February 1920 7 March 1922 HP–others 1919
2 Sigurður Eggerz Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
MP without constituency
7 March 1922 22 March 1924 746 Independence Party IP–others
1923
(1) Jón Magnússon1 Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
MP without constituency
3 22 March 1924 23 June 1926 (died) 823 Conservative Party CP
3 Magnús Guðmundsson
Acting
(1879–1937)
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
23 June 1926 8 July 1926 15 Conservative Party
4 JThorl1927 Jón Þorláksson
(1877–1935)
MP without constituency
8 July 1926 28 August 1927 416 Conservative Party CP
5 Tryggvi Þórhallson Tryggvi Þórhallsson
(1889–1935)
MP for Strandasýsla
28 August 1927 3 June 1932 1741 Progressive Party PP 1927
1931
6 Asgeir Asgeirsson Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
(1894–1972)
MP for West Ísafjarðarsýsla
3 June 1932 28 July 1934 785 Progressive Party PPIP–Peasants
1933
7 Herman Jonassón Hermann Jónasson
(1896–1976)
MP for Strandasýsla
1 28 July 1934 2 April 1938 2849 Progressive Party PPSDP 1934
2 2 April 1938 17 April 1939 PP 1937
3 17 April 1939 18 November 1941 PPIPSDP
4 18 November 1941 16 May 1942 PPIPSDP
8 Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
1 16 May 1942 16 December 1942 214 Independence Party IP Jul.1942
Oct.1942
9 Björn Þórðarson Björn Þórðarson
(1879–1963)
not in Parliament
16 December 1942 21 October 1944 675 Independent

Republic (1944–present)

Political Party:   Independence   Progressive   Social Democratic   Left-Green

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Political Party Cabinet Election President of Republic of Iceland
Term of office
Political Party
# Took Office Left Office Days
(8) Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
2 21 October 1944 4 February 1947 836 Independence Party IPSDPSP 1946 Sveinn Björnsson
Sveinn Björnsson

17 June 1944–25 January 1952
Independent
10 No image Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson
(1894–1980)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
4 February 1947 6 December 1949 1036 Social Democratic Party SDPIPSP
(8) Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
3 6 December 1949 14 March 1950 98 Independence Party IP 1949
11 SteingrimurSteinthorsson Steingrímur Steinþórsson
(1893–1966)
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
14 March 1950 11 September 1953 1277 Progressive Party PPIP
(8) Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
4 11 September 1953 24 July 1956 1035 Independence Party IPPP 1953 Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
Asgeir Asgeirsson

1 August 1952–1 August 1968
Social Democratic Party (Iceland)
(7) Herman Jonassón Hermann Jónasson
(1896–1976)
MP for Strandasýsla
5 24 July 1956 23 December 1958 894 Progressive Party Alliance
PPSDPPA
1956
12 Emil Jónsson cropped Guðmundur Emil Jónsson
(1902–1986)
MP for Hafnarfjörður
23 December 1958 20 November 1959 332 Social Democratic Party SDP Jun.1959
(8) Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
5 20 November 1959 8 September 1961 658 Independence Party IPSDP Oct.1959
13 Bjarni Benediktsson 1964 cropped Bjarni Benediktsson
Acting
(1908–1970)
MP for Reykjavík
8 September 1961 31 December 1961 114 Independence Party IPSDP
(8) Olafur Thors Ólafur Tryggvason Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
1 January 1962 14 November 1963 682 Independence Party IPSDP
(13) Bjarni Benediktsson 1964 cropped Bjarni Benediktsson
(1908–1970)
MP for Reykjavík
14 November 1963 10 July 1970 (died) 2430 Independence Party IPSDP 1963
1967 Kristján Eldjárn
Kristján Eldjárn (1982)

1 August 1968–1 August 1980
Independent
14 No image Jóhann Hafstein
(1915–1980)
MP for Reykjavík
(Acting: 10 July 1970)
10 October 1970
14 July 1971 369 Independence Party IPSDP
15 No image Ólafur Jóhannesson
(1913–1984)
MP for Northwestern Region
1 14 July 1971 28 August 1974 1141 Progressive Party PPPALL 1971
16 No image Geir Hallgrímsson
(1925–1990)
MP for Reykjavík
28 August 1974 1 September 1978 1465 Independence Party IPPP 1974
(15) No image Ólafur Jóhannesson
(1913–1984)
MP for Northwestern Region
2 1 September 1978 15 October 1979 409 Progressive Party PPPA 1978
17 No image Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal
(1924–2010)
MP for Reykjavík
15 October 1979 8 February 1980 116 Social Democratic Party SDP 1979
18 No image Gunnar Thoroddsen
(1910–1983)
MP for Reykjavík
8 February 1980 26 May 1983 1203 Independence Party
(*Gunnar's faction)
IP*–PPPA Vigdís Finnbogadóttir
Vigdis Finnbogadottir (1985)

1 August 1980–1 August 1996
Independent
19 Steingrímur Hermannsson
(1928–2010)
MP for Westfjords
1 26 May 1983 8 July 1987 1504 Progressive Party PPIP 1983
20 No image Þorsteinn Pálsson
(born 1947)
MP for Southern Region
8 July 1987 28 September 1988 448 Independence Party IPPPSDP 1987
(19) Steingrímur Hermannsson
(1928–2010)
MP for Reykjanes
2 28 September 1988 10 September 1989 944 Progressive Party PPSDPPA
3 10 September 1989 30 April 1991 PPSDPPACiP
21 Bilden ar tagen vid Nordiska radets session i Oslo, 2003 Davíð Oddsson
(born 1948)
MP for Reykjavík until 2003
MP for Reykjavík North from 2003
1 30 April 1991 23 April 1995 4887 Independence Party IPSDP 1991
2 23 April 1995 28 May 1999 IPPP 1995 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, September 2011 (cropped).jpeg

1 August 1996–1 August 2016
Independent
3 28 May 1999 23 May 2003 IPPP 1999
4 23 May 2003 15 September 2004 IPPP 2003
22 Halldor Asgrimsson generalsekreterare Nordiska ministerradet Halldór Ásgrímsson
(1947–2015)
MP for Reykjavík North
15 September 2004 15 June 2006 638 Progressive Party PPIP
23 Geir H. Haarde Islands utrikesminister (cropped) Geir Hilmar Haarde
(born 1951)
MP for Reykjavík South
1 15 June 2006 24 May 2007 962 Independence Party IPPP
2 24 May 2007 1 February 2009 IPSDA 2007
24 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Jan 2011 (cropped) Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
(born 1942)
MP for Reykjavík North
1 1 February 2009 10 May 2009 1572 Social Democratic Alliance SDALGM
2 10 May 2009 23 May 2013 SDALGM 2009
25 Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson 2016 (cropped resized) Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
(born 1975)
MP for Northeast Constituency
23 May 2013 7 April 2016 1049 Progressive Party PPIP 2013
26 Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson 2016 (cropped) Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
(born 1962)
MP for South Constituency
7 April 2016 11 January 2017 280 Progressive Party PPIP Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson
President Gudni Thorlacius Johannesson September 2016

1 August 2016–
Independent
27 Bjarni Benediktsson vid Nordiska Radets session i Stockholm Bjarni Benediktsson
(born 1970)
MP for Southwest Constituency
11 January 2017 30 November 2017 323 Independence Party IPRPBF 2016
28 Katrín Jakobsdóttir (cropped) Katrín Jakobsdóttir
(born 1976)
MP for Reykjavík North
30 November 2017 507 Left-Green Movement LGMIPPP 2017

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016.3.001 Alþingismenn, ráðherrar og forseti Íslands" [2016.3.001 Parliamentarians, Ministers and President of Iceland] (PDF). Kjararáð (in Icelandic). p. 7.
  2. ^ Constitution of Iceland (Icelandic version)
  3. ^ Constitution of Iceland (English version)
  4. ^ "The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) in Iceland". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Minister's Residence". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 28 October 2015.

External links

2015 in Iceland

The following lists events and other items of interest occurring in 2015 in Iceland.

Cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson (2017)

The Cabinet of Bjarni Benediktsson was formed on 11 January 2017, following the 2016 parliamentary election. The cabinet was led by Bjarni Benediktsson of the Independence Party, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland.

The cabinet was a coalition government consisting the Independence Party, the Reform Party and Bright Future. Together they held 32 of the 63 seats in the Parliament of Iceland and served as a majority government. In the cabinet, there were eleven ministers where six were from the Independence Party, three were from the Reform Party and two were from Bright Future.

Emil Jónsson

Guðmundur Emil Jónsson (27 October 1902 – 30 November 1986) was Prime Minister of Iceland from 23 December 1958 to 20 November 1959.He first became minister of Fisheries and Social affairs. He was a chairman of the Social Democratic Party (Alþýðuflokkurinn) from 1956 to 1968. He was a member of the Althingi from 1934 to 1971.

Geir Haarde

Geir Hilmar Haarde (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈceːir̥ ˈhɪlmar̥ ˈhɔrtɛ]; born 8 April 1951) is an Icelandic politician, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland from 15 June 2006 to 1 February 2009 and as President of the Nordic Council in 1995. Haarde was Chairman of the Icelandic Independence Party from 2005 to 2009. Since 23 February 2015 he has served as the Ambassador of Iceland to the United States and several Latin American countries.Geir initially led a coalition between his party and the Progressive Party. After the 2007 parliamentary election, in which the Independence Party increased its share of the vote, Geir renewed his term as Prime Minister, leading a coalition between his party and the Social Democratic Alliance. That coalition resigned in January 2009 after widespread protests following an economic collapse in October 2008. In September 2010, Geir became the first Icelandic minister to be indicted for misconduct in office, and stood trial before the Landsdómur, a special court for such cases. He was convicted on one count, but acquitted of the most serious violations.

Geir Hallgrímsson

Geir Hallgrímsson (16 December 1925 – 1 September 1990) was the 16th Prime Minister of Iceland for the Independence Party from 28 August 1974 to 1 September 1978. Before that he had been mayor of Reykjavík and a member of the Icelandic parliament, the Althing.

Halldór Ásgrímsson

Halldór Ásgrímsson (pronounced [ˈhalːtour ˈaːuskrimsɔn]; 8 September 1947 – 18 May 2015) was an Icelandic politician, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland from 2004 to 2006 and was leader of the Progressive Party from 1994 to 2006.

Hermann Jónasson

Hermann Jónasson (25 December 1896 – 22 January 1976) was an Icelandic politician of the Progressive Party, who was Prime Minister of Iceland on two occasions.

He served his first term from 28 July 1934 to 16 May 1942. This term included one of the most difficult times in Icelandic history. In the pre-war years he had to deal with constant pressures from Nazi Germany and the United Kingdom regarding Iceland's diplomatic stance. After World War II started, the German occupation of Denmark severed the ties between the two countries, forcing Iceland to assume full control over its foreign interests which had previously been represented by Denmark. Subsequently, the British occupied Iceland on 10 May 1940.

His second term lasted from 24 July 1956 to 23 December 1958. In the elections of 1956 the Progressive Party and the Social Democratic Party joined forces and formed an electoral alliance that became known as the "Fear-Alliance" (Icelandic: Hræðslubandalagið, the fear in question being the fear of the Independence Party). After the elections the "Fear-Alliance" formed a coalition with The People's Alliance. This was Iceland's first leftist government, and was plagued with troubles from the outset, not the least of which was the relative hostility and distrust of the United States and other NATO allies. The coalition eventually fell apart, giving way to the long-lasting "Reconstruction Government" of the Independence Party and the Social Democrats.

Hermann had a reputation for being a very strong willed and often hot-tempered man (once slapping a Socialist member of the Althing). He however gained great respect of political co-workers and adversaries alike, and is fondly remembered as one of Iceland's greatest 20th Century politicians.

He was the father of Steingrímur Hermannsson, who would go on to become Prime Minister of Iceland in the 1980s. His grandson, Guðmundur Steingrímsson, was elected to the Althing in 2009.

In 2007 Hermann was the subject of a mild controversy, when DNA-testing proved that he had, during his years as a public official, fathered a child out of wedlock. A lawyer named Lúðvík Gizurarson had for several years claimed to be Hermann's illegitimate son. After several years of legal battles, Lúðvík's case was put to a DNA-test which turned out positive.

Jóhann Hafstein

Jóhann Hafstein (Akureyri, 19 September 1915 – 15 May 1980) was elected to the Althingi for Reykjavík in 1946, which he represented until 1978. Jóhann was Prime Minister of Iceland from 10 July 1970 to 14 July 1971, for the Independence Party. Member of the Althingi 1946–1978. Hafstein was Speaker of the Lower House of the Althingi 1959–1961 and 1962–1963. He was CEO of the Fisheries Bank from 1952 to 1963. He served as Minister of Justice, Religion and Industrial Affairs, as well as handling the Health portfolio in 1961 and again in 1963–1970. He attended the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1953, 1959 and 1974.

Jón Magnússon (politician)

Jón Magnússon (January 16, 1859 – June 23, 1926) was an Icelandic politician, and was Prime Minister of Iceland on two occasions. He served his first term, as a member of the Home Rule Party (Heimastjórnarflokkurinn), from 4 January 1917 to 7 March 1922. He served his second term, as a member of the Conservative Party (Íhaldsflokkurinn, a forerunner of the Independence Party), from 22 March 1924 to 23 June 1926.

Katrín Jakobsdóttir

Katrín Jakobsdóttir (pronounced [ˈkʰaːtrin ˈjaːkʰɔpstouhtɪr]; born 1 February 1976) is an Icelandic politician serving as the 28th and current Prime Minister of Iceland since 2017. She is the member of the Althing for the Reykjavík North constituency since 2007. She became deputy chairperson of the Left-Green Movement in 2003 and has been their chairperson since 2013. Katrín was Iceland's Minister of Education, Science and Culture and of Nordic Co-operation from 2 February 2009 to 23 May 2013. She is Iceland's second female prime minister after Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir.

Magnús Guðmundsson

Magnús Guðmundsson (6 February 1879 – 28 November 1937) was an Icelandic politician. He graduated in laws from the University of Copenhagen in 1907. Magnus was a member of Althingi for his constituency in North west Iceland from 1916 till the day of his death in 1937. He served as acting Prime Minister of Iceland from 23 June to 8 July 1926, and was a member of the now defunct Conservative Party (Íhaldsflokkurinn). He was the Minister of Industrial Affairs in the presiding Government of Jón Magnússon from 1924 to 1927. Prior to that he had served as minister of Finance from 1920 to 1922. He was a founding member of the Independence Party and served as a minister of Justice in the first government that the Independence Party participated in, from 1932 to 1934.

Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson

Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson (born 20 April 1962) is an Icelandic politician, who was the Prime Minister of Iceland from April 2016 to January 2017. He is the chairman of the Progressive Party.

Sigurður was appointed as the Prime Minister on 7 April 2016 following the resignation of Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson in the wake of revelations contained in the Panama Papers. He was elected as chairman of the Progressive Party on 2 October that year, narrowly ahead of incumbent chairman Sigmundur Davíð.On 30 October 2016, due to the results of the parliamentary election held the previous day on 29 October 2016, Jóhannsson announced his pending resignation as Prime Minister.. He officially left office on 11 January 2017 and was succeeded by Bjarni Benediktsson.

Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson

Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson (20 July 1894 – 20 October 1980) was the first actual Minister of Foreign Affairs in Iceland from 18 November 1941 to 17 January 1942. He was Prime Minister of Iceland from 4 February 1947 to 6 December 1949. He was first elected to the Althing in 1934 but did not get reelected in 1937. From 1942 to 1953, he regained his seat in the Althing. He was chairman of the now defunct Social Democratic Party (Alþýðuflokkurinn) from 1938 to 1952. He was ambassador of Iceland in Denmark from 1957 to 1965.

He was minister for social affairs from 1939 to 1941 and Minister of Foreign and Social Affairs from 1941 to 1942. He was Prime-Minister when Island joined NATO in 1949.He was born in Dagverðareyri, Island. Stefansson gained his degree in Law in 1922. He was Social Affairs Minister in 1939 and Secretary of State in 1940-1942.

Steingrímur Hermannsson

Steingrímur Hermannsson (pronounced [ˈsteinkrimur ˈhɛrmanˌsɔn]; 22 June 1928 – 1 February 2010) was an Icelandic politician who served as Prime Minister of Iceland from 1983 to 1987, and again from 1988 to 1991.

Steingrímur Steinþórsson

Steingrímur Steinþórsson (12 February 1893 – 14 November 1966) was Prime Minister of Iceland from 14 March 1950 to 11 September 1953. He was a member of the Interim Triumvirate (acting head of state) from 26 January to 31 July 1952, and was a member of the Progressive Party, though never its chairman.

He served as Minister of Agriculture and Social Affairs from 1953 to 1956.

Tryggvi Þórhallsson

Tryggvi Þórhallsson (9 February 1889 – 31 July 1935) was Prime Minister of Iceland from 28 August 1927 to 3 June 1932. He was a member of the Progressive Party.

Ólafur Jóhannesson

Ólafur Jóhannesson (1 March 1913 – 20 May 1984) was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Iceland for the Progressive Party on two occasions. He was a member of the Progressive Party, serving as party chairman during the 1970s.

Ólafur Thors

Ólafur Tryggvason Thors (19 January 1892 – 31 December 1964), the son of Margrét Þorbjörg Kristjánsdóttir and Thor Philip Axel Jensen, was an Icelandic politician of the Independence Party, who served five times as Prime Minister of Iceland.

Þorsteinn Pálsson

Þorsteinn Pálsson (pronounced [ˈθɔr̥steitn ˈpʰaulsɔn]; born 29 October 1947) is a former Prime Minister of Iceland for the Independence Party. He served from 8 July 1987 to 28 September 1988. Þorsteinn led the Independence Party from 1983 to 1991, when he lost an inner partial election to then vice-chairman of the party and mayor of Reykjavík, Davíð Oddsson.

Prior to his period as Prime Minister, Þorsteinn was Minister of Finance from 1985 to 1987. He represented South Iceland in the Althing (Iceland's Parliament) from 1983 to 1999. When Davíð Oddsson formed his first government in 1991 he appointed Þorsteinn as Minister of Fisheries and Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs. He remained in this position until 1999. Later he became ambassador, first in London and later in Copenhagen. He was editor of the newspaper Fréttablaðið between 2006 and 2009.

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