The Prime Minister of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს პრემიერ-მინისტრი, translit.: sakartvelos p'remier-minist'ri) is the head of government and chief executive of Georgia. The Prime Minister organizes, directs, and controls the functions of the Government and signs the legal acts of the government. They appoint and dismiss ministers in the government. The Prime Minister represents Georgia in foreign relations and concludes international treaties on behalf of Georgia. They are accountable for the activities of the Government before the Parliament of Georgia.
The Prime Minister is nominated by a political party that has secured the best results in the parliamentary election. The nominee must win the confidence vote of the Parliament and then be appointed by the President of Georgia.
|Prime Minister of Georgia|
since 20 June 2018
|Appointer||President of Georgia|
|Term length||4 years|
|Inaugural holder||Bessarion Gugushvili|
|Formation||23 August 1991|
The office of Prime Minister under the name of the Chairman of Government was introduced in Georgia upon its declaration of independence in May 1918. It was abolished with the Soviet takeover of the country in February 1921. The newly independent Georgia established the position of Prime Minister in August 1991, only to be abolished de facto in the aftermath of the January 1992 military coup and legally in the 1995 Constitution. The office was reintroduced in the February 2004 constitutional amendment and further modified as a result of series of amendments passed between 2011 and 2018.
The office of Prime Minister may not be held by a citizen of Georgia who is simultaneously the citizen of a foreign country.
The Prime Minister is nominated by a political party that has secured the best results in the parliamentary election. The nominee for premiership and ministerial candidates selected by them must win the confidence vote of the Parliament and then, within 2 days of a vote of confidence, be appointed by the President of Georgia. If the President does not appoint the Prime Minister within the established time frame, the Prime Minister is considered appointed. If the parliamentary vote of confidence is not passed within the established time frame, the President dissolves the Parliament no earlier than two weeks and no later than three weeks after the respective time frame has expired, and calls extraordinary parliamentary election.
The Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of the Government, responsible for government activities and appointment and dismissal of ministers. They are accountable before the parliament. Prime Minister signs the legal acts of the government and countersigns some of the acts issued by the President of Georgia.
The Prime Minister also has the right to make decision on the use of the Defense Forces during martial law without the Parliament's approval. During the martial law, the Prime Minister becomes a member of the National Defense Council, a consultative body chaired by the President of Georgia.
|Began office||Left office||Party||Title(s)|
|26 May 1918||24 June 1918||Social Democratic Party of Georgia||Chairman of Government|
|24 June 1918||18 March 1921||Social Democratic Party of Georgia||Chairman of Government|
|Began office||Left office||Party||Title(s)|
|7 March 1922||April 1922||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|April 1922||January 1923||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|January 1923||June 1927||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|June 1927||June 1929||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|June 1929||January 1931||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|6||Levan Sukhishvili||January 1931||22 September 1931||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|22 September 1931||9 July 1937||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|9 July 1937||15 April 1946||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars|
|15 April 1946||December 1946||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|December 1946||6 April 1952||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|6 April 1952||16 April 1953||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|16 April 1953||20 September 1953||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|21 September 1953||17 December 1975||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|17 December 1975||5 June 1982||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|2 July 1982||12 April 1986||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|12 April 1986||29 March 1989||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|29 March 1989||14 April 1989||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|14 April 1989||15 November 1990||Communist Party of Georgia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|15 November 1990||18 August 1991||Independent||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|Picture||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|18 August 1991||23 August 1991||Independent|
|23 August 1991||6 January 1992||Round Table — Free Georgia|
|6 January 1992||6 August 1993||Independent|
|6 August 1993||20 August 1993||Independent|
|20 August 1993||5 October 1995||Independent|
|Picture||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|8 December 1995||26 July 1998||Union of Citizens of Georgia|
|31 July 1998||11 May 2000||Union of Citizens of Georgia|
|11 May 2000||21 December 2001||Union of Citizens of Georgia|
|21 December 2001||27 November 2003||Union of Citizens of Georgia|
|27 November 2003||17 February 2004||United National Movement|
|Picture||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|17 February 2004||3 February 2005||United National Movement|
|3 February 2005||17 February 2005||United National Movement|
|17 February 2005||16 November 2007||United National Movement|
|16 November 2007||22 November 2007||United National Movement|
|22 November 2007||1 November 2008||Independent|
|1 November 2008||6 February 2009||Independent|
|6 February 2009||4 July 2012||Independent|
|4 July 2012||25 October 2012||United National Movement|
|25 October 2012||20 November 2013||Georgian Dream|
|20 November 2013||30 December 2015||Georgian Dream|
|30 December 2015||13 June 2018||Georgian Dream|
|20 June 2018||Incumbent||Georgian Dream|
Bidzina Ivanishvili (Georgian: ბიძინა ივანიშვილი, also known as Boris Ivanishvili; born 18 February 1956) is a Georgian businessman and politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 25 October 2012 to 20 November 2013. He founded and led the Georgian Dream coalition, which won the 2012 parliamentary election. After the 2013 presidential election, he voluntarily resigned both his government and party positions, naming his long-time personal assistant Irakli Gharibashvili as his successor. On 26 April 2018, the incumbent chairperson of the Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia party, PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili, announced that Ivanishvili would return as chairperson.Dual citizen of Russian Federation and Georgia, latter granted by Saakashvili, In March 2010, Ivanishvili was granted another trio French citizenship. In October 2011, he was deprived of his Georgian citizenship "according to Article 32 of the Georgian Law on Citizenship", shortly after he had announced his intention to form a political party to challenge Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili.In March 2012, Ivanishvili was ranked at number 153 in Forbes magazine's annual list of the world's billionaires with an estimated worth of $6.4 billion, making him Georgia's richest person.Embassy of Georgia in Washington, D.C.
The Embassy of Georgia in Washington, D.C. is the diplomatic mission of the Republic of Georgia to the United States. It is located at 1824 R Street, Northwest, Washington, D.C. The Embassy was founded in 1993 after the establishment of diplomatic relations between Georgia and the United States.
The current Ambassador of Georgia to the United States is David Bakradze, appointed in November 2016.The Embassy serves as a Consulate of Georgia in Washington DC and serves the citizens of Georgia residing in the following US States: District of Columbia, Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Consulate General of Georgia to the United States is located in New York, NY.Bilateral Relations
Since 1993, Georgia and United States have been engaged in diplomatic relations encompassing multiple sectors.
In 2009, Georgia and United States advanced bilateral relations to a new level by signing a Strategic Partnership Agreement which deepens cooperation between the two states in multiple fields. The first meeting of the Strategic Partnership Commission, held on June 22, 2009, launched four bilateral working groups on priority areas identified in the Charter: democracy, defense and security, economic, trade and energy issues, and people-to-people and cultural exchanges.
Senior-level Georgian and American policy-makers lead yearly meetings of each working group to review commitments, update activities, and establish future objectives. Annual plenary sessions of the commission are co-chaired by Prime-Minister of Georgia and the United States Secretary of State.Georgian Intelligence Service
The Georgian Intelligence Service (GIS) (Georgian: საქართველოს დაზვერვის სამსახური, sakartvelos dazvervis samsakhuri) is a national intelligence agency of Georgia, with its headquarters in Tbilisi. The current head of the service is Davit Sujashvili, appointed in 2013.
The GIS is directly subordinated to the Prime Minister of Georgia. It is responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment and conducting counter-intelligence duties abroad.Giorgi Baramidze
Giorgi Baramidze (Georgian: გიორგი ბარამიძე, born January 5, 1968) is a Georgian politician who served as Vice-Prime Minister of Georgia and State Minister for Euro-Atlantic Integration from 2004 to 2012. On October 21, 2012, he was elected as a vice-speaker of the Parliament of Georgia.Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Giorgi Kvirikashvili (Georgian: გიორგი კვირიკაშვილი; born 20 July 1967) is a Georgian politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 30 December 2015 to 13 June 2018. Prior to that he was Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development from 25 October 2012 until 1 September 2015, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1 September 2015 until 30 December 2015, and Deputy Prime Minister from 26 July 2013 until 30 December 2015. Kvirikashvili has led initiatives to advance Euro-Atlantic and European integration and highlight Georgia as an attractive location for foreign investment. On 20 June 2018, Mamuka Bakhtadze, who previously served as Kvirikashvili's Minister of Finance, was approved by the Georgian Parliament to succeed Kvirikashvili in a 99-6 vote.Givi Javakhishvili
Givi Javakhishvili (Georgian: გივი ჯავახიშვილი) (18 December 1912 – 10 November 1985) was a Georgian Politician who served as Prime Minister of Georgia from 1953 to 1975.Government of Georgia (country)
The Government of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს მთავრობა, translit.: sakartvelos mtavroba) is the supreme body of executive power in Georgia that implements the domestic and foreign policies of the country. It consists of Prime Minister—the head of the government—and ministers and is accountable and responsible to the Parliament of Georgia. The current powers and responsibilities of the Government are governed by the amendments of the Constitution of Georgia passed in 2017 and 2018. From 14 May 1991 to 9 November 1996, the executive government of Georgia was referred to as the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს რესპუბლიკის მინისტრთა კაბინეტი).The incumbent government is that led by Mamuka Bakhtadze, in office since 20 June 2018. Beyond the Prime Minister, it includes ten ministers and one state minister.Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Grigol Mgaloblishvili (Georgian: გრიგოლ მგალობლიშვილი, pronounced [ɡriɡɔl mɡɑlɔbliʃvili]; born 7 October 1973) is a Georgian politician and diplomat who has been Georgia's Permanent Representative to NATO since 26 June 2009. He briefly served as the Prime Minister of Georgia from 1 November 2008 to 6 February 2009.Irakli Garibashvili
Irakli Garibashvili (Georgian: ირაკლი ღარიბაშვილი, also transliterated as Gharibashvili; born June 28, 1982) was the Prime Minister of Georgia from November 20, 2013 until his resignation on December 29, 2015, and is a former business executive. Garibashvili entered politics with his long-time associate, the businessman Bidzina Ivanishvili, in October 2012. He served as Minister of Internal Affairs in the cabinet of Bidzina Ivanishvili from 2012 to 2013. Ivanishvili named Garibashvili as his successor as Prime Minister when he voluntarily stepped down in November 2013. Aged 31 at his ascension, he was the youngest person to assume the PM office. During his term, he was the second youngest state leader in the world, after Kim Jong-un.Lado Gurgenidze
Vladimer "Lado" Gurgenidze (Georgian: ვლადიმერ [ლადო] გურგენიძე) is a Georgian career banker, business executive, and the former politician, who was the sixth Prime Minister of Georgia, from 22 November 2007 to 1 November 2008.Mamuka Bakhtadze
Mamuka Bakhtadze (Georgian: მამუკა ბახტაძე; born 9 June 1982) is a Georgian politician who has served as the country's Prime Minister since 20 June 2018. He had previously served as Minister of Finance (2017–2018) and, prior to that, executive director of the Georgian Railway company (2013–2017).Ministry of Defense of Georgia
The Ministry of Defense of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს თავდაცვის სამინისტრო, sakartvelos tavdatsvis saministro) is the Georgian government ministry in charge of the Defense Forces of Georgia and regulating activities in defence of the country from external threats, preserving territorial integrity and waging wars on behalf of Georgia. The Minister of Defence is appointed and removed from the post by the Prime Minister of Georgia. The ministry is currently headed by Levan Izoria.Nika Gilauri
Nika Gilauri (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ [ნიკა] გილაური, pronounced [nikʼa ɡilauri]; born 14 February 1975) is a Georgian politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 6 February 2009 to 30 June 2012. He had served as Minister for Energy (2004–2007) and Minister for Finance (2007–2009) and First Vice Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Georgia (2008–2009).
In 2012, he was appointed as the head of the JSC Partnership Fund, a state-owned stock fund. Currently Gilauri set his advisory boutique for public sector decision makers. He is also a senior advisor at McKinsey and Co.Niko Lekishvili
Nikoloz "Niko" Lekishvili (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ [ნიკო] ლეკიშვილი; born April 20, 1947) is a Georgian politician, former State Minister (Georgia) and Mayor of Tbilisi, member of the Parliament of Georgia.Nikoloz
Nikoloz (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ) is a Georgian masculine given name. It is a cognate of the name Nicholas. Notable people with the name include:
Nikoloz "Tato" Baratashvili (1817–1845), Georgian poet
Nikoloz Basilashvili (born 1992), Georgian tennis player
Nikoloz Berdzenishvili (1895–1965), Georgian historian and academician
Nikoloz "Nika" Chkheidze (born 1968), Georgian footballer
Nikoloz Cholokashvili (1585–1658), Georgian Orthodox priest, politician and diplomat
Nikoloz Gelashvili (born 1985), Georgian footballer
Nikoloz "Nika" Gilauri (born 1975), Georgian politician, former Prime Minister of Georgia
Nikoloz Gruzinsky (1783-1861), Georgian prince
Nikoloz Izoria (born 1985), Georgian boxer
Nikoloz "Lasha" Janashia (1931–1982), Georgian historian and academician
Nikoloz "Nika" Janjgava (born 1970), Georgian military colonel and a military historian
Nikoloz "Niko" Lekishvili (born 1947), Georgian politician and statesman, former Prime Minister of Georgia
Nikoloz Memanishvili (born 1979), Georgian conductor, composer and cultural manager
Nikoloz Mnatobishvili (born 1992), Georgian footballer
Nikoloz "Niko" Muskhelishvili (1891–1976), Georgian-Soviet mathematician, physician and engineer
Nikoloz "Niko" Rurua (born 1968), Georgian politician
Nikoloz Shengelaia (1903-1943), Georgian film director
Nikoloz Togonidze (born 1971), Georgian footballer
Nikoloz Tskitishvili (born 1983), Georgian basketball player
Nikoloz "Nika" Vacheishvili (born 1968) Georgian art scholar and politicianPolitics of Georgia (country)
Politics in Georgia involve a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President of Georgia is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The President and the Government wield executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the unicameral Parliament of Georgia.After the Rose Revolution of 2003, the National Movement – Democrats dominated the party system. Georgia became a democratic republic following the first multiparty, democratic parliamentary elections of October 28, 1990. The Georgian state is highly centralized, except for the autonomous regions of Abkhazia and Adjara and the former autonomous region of South Ossetia. Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which had autonomy within the Georgian SSR during Soviet rule, unilaterally seceded from Georgia in the 1990s. While, as of 2016, the Georgian government recognizes Abkhazia as autonomous within Georgia, it does not recognize South Ossetia as having any special status.
Consideration of replacing Georgia's republic with some form of constitutional monarchy has become part of Georgian political debate since the Georgian Orthodox primate and other leading Georgians suggested the idea in 2007.Vano Merabishvili
Ivane "Vano" Merabishvili (Georgian: ივანე "ვანო" მერაბიშვილი; born 15 April 1968) is a Georgian politician and former Prime Minister of Georgia from 4 July to 25 October 2012. A former NGO activist, he became directly involved in Georgia's politics in 1999 and emerged as one of the government's most influential members after the 2003 Rose Revolution, especially as Georgia's Minister of Internal Affairs (18 December 2004–4 July 2012).Zurab Noghaideli
Zurab Noghaideli (Georgian: ზურაბ ნოღაიდელი) (born 22 October 1964) is a Georgian businessman and a politician who served as the Prime Minister of Georgia from February 2005 until he resigned, citing health problems, on 16 November 2007. In December 2008, Noghaideli withdrew into opposition, setting up the Movement for Fair Georgia party.Zurab Zhvania
Zurab Zhvania (Georgian: ზურაბ ჟვანია; 9 December 1963 – 3 February 2005) was a Georgian politician, who served as Prime Minister of Georgia and Speaker of the Parliament of Georgia. Zhvania began his political career at young age, making his first political steps as a member of Green Party, in the beginning of 90s. In 1992 Zhvania was elected chairman of Eastern European Green's and was first Eastern European to serve at the post. In 1993 Zhvania made first serious steps in Georgian politics as he was elected as General Secretary of Citizen's Union. From that point Zhvania served important role in Georgian politics until his death in 2005. 1995 he became the chairman of parliament and maintained the post till his resignation in 1999, which was followed with discharge of other ministers, whom Zhvania suspected in Corruption. From 1993 till 2003 Zhvania remained in opposition fighting against Shevardandze's government. In 2003, Zhvania united with other opposition leaders, mainly Burdjanadze and Saakashvili, held non-violent protests against the government. Protests ended with resignation of Shevardnadze and election of Saakashvili as the president. Zhvania became prime minister and served the post until his death in 2005.
Heads of Government of Georgia since 1918
|DR of Georgia|
* denotes acting
Heads of state and government of Europe