Prime Minister of Finland

The Prime Minister of Finland (Finnish: Suomen pääministeri, Swedish: Finlands statsminister) is the leader of the Finnish Government. The prime minister is Finland's head of government and is formally appointed by the President. Finland's first prime minister was Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, who was appointed to the post on 27 November 1917.

Finland's incumbent prime minister is Juha Sipilä of the Centre Party.

History

In 1918, the Senate of Finland was transformed into the Government of Finland, and the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division was transformed into that of the prime minister. Kesäranta, located in the westerly Meilahti subdivision of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the prime minister of Finland since 1919.

During its independence, declared in 1917, Finland has had 72 cabinets.[1] The longest lasting have been the two cabinets of prime minister Paavo Lipponen (Lipponen I and Lipponen II), both lasting the entire parliamentary term, or 1,464 days.

Appointment

The prime minister's appointment follows the parliamentary election, which are scheduled to be held once every four years.

Under the provisions of the Constitution of Finland, the president nominates a prime minister after the parties in the parliament have negotiated the distribution of seats in the new cabinet and the government's programme. The parliament must ratify the nominated prime minister with an absolute majority in a confidence vote without other candidates. If the nominee doesn't receive sufficient support, a new round of negotiations and a second nomination by the President follows. If the second nominee also fails to gain an absolute majority, a third vote is held, in which any member of parliament can nominate a candidate; in this round a plurality is sufficient for election.

The above procedure was first used to elect Anneli Jäätteenmäki to the premiership in 2003. Previously it was assumed that the president would nominate the candidate who, in a third round of voting, would have gained a relative majority, this usually being the leader of the party with the largest seat share in parliament. Before the 2000 constitution was enacted, full formal powers to appoint the prime minister and the rest of the government had been the privilege of the president, who was free to diverge from parliamentary principles, although the ministers appointed had to have the confidence of the parliament.

Formally, the Prime Minister nominates the remaining members of the government, who are then, with the consent of Parliament, appointed by the President. In practice, the seats are divided between parties during the negotiations to form the government, so that the Prime Minister candidate must take into account the opinions of the participating parties and cannot nominate or remove whoever they wish.

Salary and benefits

The prime minister's salary is €11,675 per month, which is the same as that of the Speaker of the Parliament. In addition, the prime minister receives half of the parliamentary salary. The full parliamentary salary is, as of 1 May 2011, at least €6,335 a month, so the Finnish prime minister receives at least €14,842 per month in total. The salary is subject to income tax.

The prime minister is entitled to a 30-day leave (holiday) during each calendar year. The maintenance, staff and services of Kesäranta, the official residence, is paid for by the government.

The prime minister has transportation and security services at their disposal at all times.

Living former prime ministers

Esko Aho (cropped)

Esko Aho
20 May 1954 (age 64), served 1991–1995

Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped)

Paavo Lipponen
23 April 1941 (age 77), served 1995–2003

Jäätteenmäki Anneli 2014-02-06 1

Anneli Jäätteenmäki
11 February 1955 (age 64), served 2003

Matti Vanhanen

Matti Vanhanen
4 November 1955 (age 63), served 2003–2010

Finlands statsminister Mari Kiviniemi, Nordiska radets session 201

Mari Kiviniemi
27 September 1968 (age 50), served 2010–2011

Jyrki Katainen A4.jpeg

Jyrki Katainen
14 October 1971 (age 47), served 2011–2014

Alexander Stubb Oct, 2014

Alexander Stubb
1 April 1968 (age 51), served 2014–2015

See also

References

  1. ^ Finnish Council of State. "The Cabinet in Office". Finnish Council of State. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.

External links

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Rinne has been the leader of several unions. He led ERTO from 2002 to 2005, the Union of Salaried Employees from 2005 to 2010, and Pro from 2010 to 2014.

Rinne holds a Candidate of Law from the University of Helsinki. He was elected chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP) on 9 May 2014, defeating Jutta Urpilainen.

Antti Tulenheimo

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Esko Aho

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Harri Holkeri

Harri Hermanni Holkeri (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑrːi ˈhermɑnːi ˈholkeri]) (6 January 1937 – 7 August 2011) was a Finnish statesman representing the National Coalition Party of Finland (Kokoomus / Samlingspartiet). He was the Prime Minister of Finland 1987–1991, speaker of the UN General Assembly 2000–2001 and headed the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo from 2003- 2004 (leaving the position in the spring of the second year because of health issues).

Juho Sunila

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Sunila's first cabinet lasted from December 1927 to December 1928 and his second cabinet lasted from March 1931 to December 1932. Before this, Sunila had served as Minister of Agriculture in two of Kyösti Kallio's cabinets and Antti Tulenheimo's cabinet.

Juho Vennola

Juho Heikki Vennola (originally Karhu, 19 June 1872 in Oulu – 3 December 1938 in Helsinki) was Professor of National Economics at the University of Helsinki, a member of the Parliament of Finland, and a politician from the National Progressive Party, who served as Prime Minister of Finland for two times.Vennola's first government was from 15 August 1919 to 15 March 1920 and his second one was from 9 April 1921 to 2 June 1922. He was also acting Prime Minister in the second government of Pehr Evind Svinhufvud from 18 February to 21 March 1931. He also served as Deputy Minister of Finance (1918–1919), Minister of Trade and Industry (1919), Minister of Foreign Affairs (1922–1924) and Minister of Finance (1930–1931).Vennola served as a member of the parliament from 1919 to 1930 and was a member of the Tartu Board of Peace in 1920.

Jyrki Katainen

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Kaarlo Castrén

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From 1892 to 1904, Castrén was a member of the board in the Kansallis-Osake-Pankki bank. He attended the state board meetings in 1894 and from 1905 to 1906. He was Senator from 1908 to 1909, after which he founded an attorney-at-law office. In 1916, Castrén was elected as the director of Kansallis-Osake-Pankki.

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Mari Kiviniemi

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Meilahti

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Several hospitals are located in this district, including the Meilahti Hospital of the Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH).

Neighbourhoods surrounding Meilahti are Töölö, Munkkiniemi, Ruskeasuo, Pikku Huopalahti and Laakso.

For the 1952 Summer Olympics, the neighborhood hosted the rowing events.

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Reino Ragnar Lehto

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Teuvo Aura

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V. J. Sukselainen

Vieno Johannes (Jussi) Sukselainen (12 October 1906 – 6 April 1995), was twice Prime Minister of Finland and four times Speaker of the Parliament. He was President of the Nordic Council in 1972 and 1977.

Sukselainen was born in Paimio. He was a member of the Centre Party. He died in Espoo.

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