The Prime Minister of Finland (Finnish: Suomen pääministeri, Swedish: Finlands statsminister) is the leader of the Finnish Government. The prime minister is Finland's head of government and is formally appointed by the President. Finland's first prime minister was Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, who was appointed to the post on 27 November 1917.
In 1918, the Senate of Finland was transformed into the Government of Finland, and the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division was transformed into that of the prime minister. Kesäranta, located in the westerly Meilahti subdivision of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the prime minister of Finland since 1919.
During its independence, declared in 1917, Finland has had 72 cabinets. The longest lasting have been the two cabinets of prime minister Paavo Lipponen (Lipponen I and Lipponen II), both lasting the entire parliamentary term, or 1,464 days.
The prime minister's appointment follows the parliamentary election, which are scheduled to be held once every four years.
Under the provisions of the Constitution of Finland, the president nominates a prime minister after the parties in the parliament have negotiated the distribution of seats in the new cabinet and the government's programme. The parliament must ratify the nominated prime minister with an absolute majority in a confidence vote without other candidates. If the nominee doesn't receive sufficient support, a new round of negotiations and a second nomination by the President follows. If the second nominee also fails to gain an absolute majority, a third vote is held, in which any member of parliament can nominate a candidate; in this round a plurality is sufficient for election.
The above procedure was first used to elect Anneli Jäätteenmäki to the premiership in 2003. Previously it was assumed that the president would nominate the candidate who, in a third round of voting, would have gained a relative majority, this usually being the leader of the party with the largest seat share in parliament. Before the 2000 constitution was enacted, full formal powers to appoint the prime minister and the rest of the government had been the privilege of the president, who was free to diverge from parliamentary principles, although the ministers appointed had to have the confidence of the parliament.
Formally, the Prime Minister nominates the remaining members of the government, who are then, with the consent of Parliament, appointed by the President. In practice, the seats are divided between parties during the negotiations to form the government, so that the Prime Minister candidate must take into account the opinions of the participating parties and cannot nominate or remove whoever they wish.
The prime minister's salary is €11,675 per month, which is the same as that of the Speaker of the Parliament. In addition, the prime minister receives half of the parliamentary salary. The full parliamentary salary is, as of 1 May 2011, at least €6,335 a month, so the Finnish prime minister receives at least €14,842 per month in total. The salary is subject to income tax.
The prime minister is entitled to a 30-day leave (holiday) during each calendar year. The maintenance, staff and services of Kesäranta, the official residence, is paid for by the government.
The prime minister has transportation and security services at their disposal at all times.
Antti Verner Hackzell (September 20, 1881 – January 14, 1946) was a Finnish politician from the National Coalition Party and Prime Minister of Finland in 1944.Antti Rinne
Antti Juhani Rinne (born 3 November 1962) is a Finnish politician. He has been the chairman of the Social Democratic Party since 9 May 2014. He was the Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister of Finland between 2014 and 2015 and has been a Member of Parliament since 2015. In the 2019 parliamentary election, Rinne led the Social Democrats to victory.
Rinne has been the leader of several unions. He led ERTO from 2002 to 2005, the Union of Salaried Employees from 2005 to 2010, and Pro from 2010 to 2014.
Rinne holds a Candidate of Law from the University of Helsinki. He was elected chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP) on 9 May 2014, defeating Jutta Urpilainen.Antti Tulenheimo
Antti Agathon Tulenheimo (4 December 1879 – 3 September 1952) was a Finnish politician from the National Coalition Party who served as Prime Minister of Finland in 1925.He was also minister of the interior from November 1918 to April 1919. He was also mayor of Helsinki between 1931–1944 and rector of the University of Helsinki 1926–1930.Deputy Prime Minister of Finland
The Deputy Prime Minister of Finland (Finnish: Suomen pääministerin sijainen, lit. Finland's Prime Minister's Substitute), officially titled the Minister deputising for the Prime Minister, is a member of the Finnish Government who becomes the acting Prime Minister if the Prime Minister becomes unable to discharge his or her duties. The Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the Government and traditionally comes from the second largest party of a coalition government. In recent years he/she has usually been the Minister of Finance as well. The current Deputy Prime Minister of Finland is Petteri Orpo.Esko Aho
Esko Tapani Aho (born 20 May 1954) is a Finnish politician who was Prime Minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995.Harri Holkeri
Harri Hermanni Holkeri (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑrːi ˈhermɑnːi ˈholkeri]) (6 January 1937 – 7 August 2011) was a Finnish statesman representing the National Coalition Party of Finland (Kokoomus / Samlingspartiet). He was the Prime Minister of Finland 1987–1991, speaker of the UN General Assembly 2000–2001 and headed the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo from 2003- 2004 (leaving the position in the spring of the second year because of health issues).Juho Sunila
Johan (Juho) Emil Sunila (16 August 1875 in Liminka – 2 October 1936 in Helsinki) was a Finnish politician from the Agrarian League, the managing director of the agrarian finance board, and Prime Minister of Finland in two cabinets.After Santeri Alkio had withdrawn from the Parliament of Finland in 1922, Sunila became, in addition to Kyösti Kallio, the second of the Agrarian Party's strong members in the 1920s. Supported by the agrarian-background governor of the province of Viipuri and the President of Finland Lauri Kristian Relander, he supported productive agrarianism, where the attention of politics was concentrated mainly on making agrarianism more effective instead of widespread improvement of the countryside.
Sunila's first cabinet lasted from December 1927 to December 1928 and his second cabinet lasted from March 1931 to December 1932. Before this, Sunila had served as Minister of Agriculture in two of Kyösti Kallio's cabinets and Antti Tulenheimo's cabinet.Juho Vennola
Juho Heikki Vennola (originally Karhu, 19 June 1872 in Oulu – 3 December 1938 in Helsinki) was Professor of National Economics at the University of Helsinki, a member of the Parliament of Finland, and a politician from the National Progressive Party, who served as Prime Minister of Finland for two times.Vennola's first government was from 15 August 1919 to 15 March 1920 and his second one was from 9 April 1921 to 2 June 1922. He was also acting Prime Minister in the second government of Pehr Evind Svinhufvud from 18 February to 21 March 1931. He also served as Deputy Minister of Finance (1918–1919), Minister of Trade and Industry (1919), Minister of Foreign Affairs (1922–1924) and Minister of Finance (1930–1931).Vennola served as a member of the parliament from 1919 to 1930 and was a member of the Tartu Board of Peace in 1920.Jyrki Katainen
Jyrki Tapani Katainen (born 14 October 1971) is a Finnish politician and the European Commission Vice-President for Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness, in office since 2014. Katainen was previously Prime Minister of Finland from 2011 to 2014 and chairman of the National Coalition Party from 2004 to 2014. He was succeeded by Alexander Stubb as chairman of Finland's National Coalition Party. After stepping down as Prime Minister, Katainen was elected as European Commission Vice-President in July 2014.Kaarlo Castrén
Kaarlo Castrén (28 February 1860 – 19 November 1938) was a Finnish politician and Prime Minister of Finland. He represented the National Progressive Party.
Castrén was born in Turtola and graduated in 1887 as a Bachelor of Law. From 1888 to 1892, he worked in the finance division of the Senate of Finland, and from 1888 to 1898 in the Castrén & Snellman attorneys-at-law office.
From 1892 to 1904, Castrén was a member of the board in the Kansallis-Osake-Pankki bank. He attended the state board meetings in 1894 and from 1905 to 1906. He was Senator from 1908 to 1909, after which he founded an attorney-at-law office. In 1916, Castrén was elected as the director of Kansallis-Osake-Pankki.
In November 1918, Castrén was named Minister of Finance. He served as Prime Minister of Finland from 17 April to 15 August 1919. His government gave a proposal of the republic form of government in Finland, and after the proposal was accepted, the government disbanded.
Castrén died in Helsinki.Kalevi Sorsa
Taisto Kalevi Sorsa (21 December 1930 – 16 January 2004) was a Finnish politician who served as Prime Minister of Finland three times: 1972–1975, 1977–1979 and 1982–1987. At the time of his death he still held the record for most days of incumbency as prime minister. He was also a long-time leader of the Social Democratic Party of Finland.Mari Kiviniemi
Mari Johanna Kiviniemi (born 27 September 1968) is a Finnish politician, who served as the second female Prime Minister of Finland.Since 25 August 2014, she is Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD.Meilahti
Meilahti (in Swedish Mejlans) is a neighbourhood of Helsinki between Mannerheimintie (the main entrance road to Helsinki) and a bay named Seurasaarenselkä. Most of the houses in Meilahti were built in the 1930s and 1940s. Meilahti is home to over 6700 people. Meilahti is the location of Mäntyniemi, official residence of the President of Finland, as well as Kesäranta, the official residence of Prime Minister of Finland. Near Mäntyniemi is the former presidential residence, Tamminiemi, which is today a museum dedicated to president Urho Kekkonen.
Several hospitals are located in this district, including the Meilahti Hospital of the Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH).
Neighbourhoods surrounding Meilahti are Töölö, Munkkiniemi, Ruskeasuo, Pikku Huopalahti and Laakso.
For the 1952 Summer Olympics, the neighborhood hosted the rowing events.Rafael Erich
Rafael Waldemar Erich (10 June 1879 in Turku – 19 February 1946 in Helsinki) was a Finnish politician from the National Coalition Party, Professor, diplomat, and Prime Minister of Finland.The sixth cabinet of the Republic of Finland, Erich's cabinet, lasted from 15 March 1920 to 9 April 1921 for a total of 391 days.
The most important function and accomplishment of Erich's cabinet was a peace treaty with the Russian SFSR. The peace treaty was made in Tartu, Estonia, on 14 October 1920. This was the time when the Russian SFSR finally completely recognised Finland's independence.Rainer von Fieandt
Berndt Rainer von Fieandt (26 December 1890 – 28 April 1972) was a Finnish banker and official without party affiliation.
He was appointed as the Governor of the Bank of Finland in 1955 before being appointed by the President to form a cabinet. He served as the Prime Minister of Finland in 1957 to 1958.Reino Ragnar Lehto
Reino Ragnar Lehto (2 May 1898 – 13 July 1966) served as the caretaker Prime Minister of Finland from 18 December 1963 to 12 September 1964. He then served as governor of Uusimaa province from 1964 until his death on 13 July 1966.Teuvo Aura
Teuvo Ensio Aura (28 December 1912 in Ruskeala – 11 January 1999 in Helsinki) was a Finnish politician of the Liberal People's Party. He served as Mayor of Helsinki and interim Prime Minister of Finland twice, in 1970 and 1971–72.Urho Castrén
Urho Jonas Castrén (30 December 1886 in Jyväskylä – 8 March 1965 in Helsinki) was a judge, serving for 27 years as the President of the Supreme Administrative Court of Finland. During the constitutional crisis of 1944, Castrén representing the National Coalition Party became Prime Minister of Finland for a brief period.V. J. Sukselainen
Vieno Johannes (Jussi) Sukselainen (12 October 1906 – 6 April 1995), was twice Prime Minister of Finland and four times Speaker of the Parliament. He was President of the Nordic Council in 1972 and 1977.
Sukselainen was born in Paimio. He was a member of the Centre Party. He died in Espoo.
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