Prime Minister of Croatia

The Prime Minister of Croatia (Croatian: Premijer/ Premijerka Hrvatske), officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Predsjednik/ Predsjednica Vlade Republike Hrvatske), is Croatia's head of government, and is de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government. Following the first-time establishment of the office in 1945, the 1990-2001 semi-presidential period is the only exception where the President of Croatia held de facto authority. In the formal Croatian order of precedence, however, the position of prime minister is the third highest state office, after the President of the Republic and the Speaker of the Parliament.

The Constitution of Croatia prescribes that "Parliament supervises the Government" (Article 81) and that "the President of the Republic ensures the regular and balanced functioning and stability of government" (as a whole; Article 94), while the Government is introduced in Article 108.[2] Since 2000, the prime minister has had various added constitutional powers and is mentioned before the Government itself in the text of the Constitution, in Articles 87, 97, 99, 100, 101, 103, 104.[2] The current Prime Minister of Croatia is Andrej Plenković. The Government of Croatia meets in Banski dvori, a historical building located on the west side of St. Mark's Square in Zagreb.

President of the Government of Croatia
Predsjednik / Predsjednica Vlade Hrvatske
Andrej Plenković 2017
Incumbent
Andrej Plenković

since 19 October 2016
StyleHis Excellency[1]
Member ofEuropean Council
AppointerKolinda Grabar-Kitarović
President of the Republic
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the parliamentary majority. Parliamentary elections must be held no later than 60 days after the expiration of a full parliamentary term of 4 years, but an incumbent Prime Minister shall remain in office in a caretaker capacity until a new government is confirmed in Parliament and sworn in by its Speaker.
Inaugural holderStjepan Mesić (de facto after first multi-party election)
Josip Manolić (de jure under current Constitution)
Formation30 May 1990 (de facto after first multi-party election)
22 December 1990 (de jure under current Constitution)
Websitewww.vlada.hr

Name

The official name of the office, literally translated, is "President of the Government" (Predsjednik Vlade), rather than "Prime Minister" (Prvi Ministar). When the office was first established in 1945, the name "President of the Government" was introduced. The name of the office was changed 8 years later with the Yugoslav constitutional reforms of 1953, into "President of the Executive Council" (Predsjednik Izvršnog vijeća). After another round of constitutional reforms in 1990, the office was renamed back to its original 1945-1953 title of "President of the Government". For all periods, however, the term "Prime Minister" is colloquially used (especially in the media) in English-language usage.

History

The Royal Government of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868-1918) was headed by Ban (Viceroy), who represented the King. The first head of government of Croatia as a constituent republic of Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was Vladimir Bakarić, who assumed the position on 14 April 1945. The position was then, as it is today, the most powerful public office in the state (the only historical exception being the extremely powerful semi-presidential system used from 1990 until 2000, during which the President was by far the most significant figure in the government hierarchy). In post-World War II Socialist Republic of Croatia, a single-party system was in place. During this time there were twelve heads of government (using the title President of the Executive Council), all from the ranks of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ), which was reformed and renamed into the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ) in 1952. The federal party was organized into six sub-organizations - the republic parties, one for each of the six federal republics. Croatian politicians and prime ministers of the period were members of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia through their membership in the League of Communists of Croatia (SKH), the Croatian part of the federal party (as was respectively the case with all Yugoslav politicians). The office remained the central post of Croatian politics in spite of the institution of a collective Presidency in 1974 (previously the mostly-nominal function of the head of state belonged to the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament, the Sabor).

After the constitutional amendments that allowed for multi-party elections in Croatia, the Parliament enacted amendments to the constitution (25 July) which eliminated socialist references and adopted new national symbols. The newly elected tricameral Parliament proceeded to change the Constitution of Croatia, and on 22 December 1990, this so-called "Christmas Constitution" fundamentally defined the Republic of Croatia and its governmental structure. From the 1990 constitutional reforms onward Croatia was a semi-presidential republic, which meant the President of Croatia had broad executive powers (further expanded with laws to a point of superpresidentialism), including the appointment and dismissal of the Prime Minister and other officials in the government. During this period, lasting until constitutional amendments in late 2000, Croatia had seven prime ministers. The first Prime Minister of Croatia since the 1990 constitutional reforms was Stjepan Mesić, assuming office on 30 May 1990.[3][4]

Following the May 1991 independence referendum in which 93% of voters approved secession, Croatia formally proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991, with Josip Manolić continuing in the role of prime minister as head of government of an independent Croatia. However, the country then signed the July 1991 Brijuni Agreement in which it agreed to postpone further activities towards severing ties with Yugoslavia. Meanwhile, the Croatian War of Independence ensued, and Franjo Gregurić was appointed to lead a Government of National Unity. In October the same year, Croatia formally severed all remaining legal ties with the Yugoslav Federation.

Following the January 2000 general election the winning centre-left coalition led by the Social Democratic Party amended the Constitution and effectively stripped the President of most of his executive powers, strengthening the role of the Parliament and the Prime Minister, turning Croatia into a parliamentary republic. The Prime Minister again (as before 1990) became the foremost post in Croatian politics.

To date there have been twelve Prime Ministers who have chaired 14 governments since the first multi-party elections. Nine Prime Ministers were members of the Croatian Democratic Union during their terms of office, two were members of the Social Democratic Party and one was not a member of any political party. Since independence there has been one female Prime Minister (Jadranka Kosor), while Savka Dabčević-Kučar was the first woman (not only in Croatia, but in Europe) to hold an office equivalent to a head of government as Chairman of the Executive Council of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (1967-1969).

Prime Ministers of Croatia

Prime Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1990)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Party Cabinet General
Secretary
(Term)
Term start Term end Duration
1 Vladimir Bakarić (1) Vladimir Bakarić
(1912–1983)
14 April 1945 18 December 1953 8 years, 8 months and 4 days KPH
Communist Party of Croatia

(before 1952)
Bakarić Vladimir
Bakarić

Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1944–1969)
SKH
League of Communists of Croatia

(since 1952)
1st Executive
Council
2 Jakov Blažević Jakov Blažević
(1912–1996)
18 December 1953 10 July 1962 8 years, 6 months and 22 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
2nd Executive
Council
3rd Executive
Council
3 Unknown-person Zvonko Brkić
(1912–1977)
10 July 1962 27 June 1963 11 months and 17 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
4th Executive
Council
4 Mika Špiljak Mika Špiljak
(1916–2007)
27 June 1963 11 May 1967 3 years, 10 months and 14 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
5th Executive
Council
5 Savka Dabčević-Kučar Savka Dabčević-Kučar
(1923–2009)
11 May 1967 8 May 1969 1 year, 11 months and 14 day SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
6th Executive
Council
6 Dragutin Haramija Dragutin Haramija
(1923–2012)
8 May 1969 28 December 1971 2 years, 7 months and 20 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
7th Executive
Council
Savka
Dabčević
Kučar

Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1969–1971)
7 Ivo Perisin Ivo Perišin
(1925–2008)
28 December 1971 8 May 1974 2 years, 4 months and 10 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
8th Executive
Council
Milka
Planinc

Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1971–1982)
8 Jakov Sitotković Jakov Sirotković
(1922–2002)
8 May 1974 9 May 1978 4 years and 1 day SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
9th Executive
Council
9 Petar Fleković Petar Fleković
(1932–)
9 May 1978 July 1982 4 years and 1 or 2 months SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
10th Executive
Council
10 Ante Marković
(1924–2011)
July 1982 20 November 1985 3 years and 3 or 4 months SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
11th Executive
Council
Jure Bilić
Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1982–1983)
Josip Vrhovec
Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1983–1984)
Mika Špiljak
Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1984–1986)
11 Ema Derosi-Bjelajac Ema Derossi-Bjelajac
(1926–)
20 November 1985 10 May 1986 5 months and 20 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia
12th Executive
Council
12 Unknown-person Antun Milović
(1934–2008)
10 May 1986 30 May 1990 4 years and 20 days SKH
League of Communists of Croatia

(before January 1990)
13th Executive
Council
Stanko
Stojčević

Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1986–1989)
SDP
Social Democratic Party

(since January 1990)
Ivica Račan
Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg
(1989–1990)

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Croatia (1990–present)

Still a part of SFR Yugoslavia until 25 June 1991.

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Party Cabinet Composition President
(Term)
Term start Term end Duration
1 Mesic crop Stjepan Mesić
(1934–)
1990 30 May 1990[1] 24 August 1990 2 months and 25 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
14th Executive
Council
(informally Mesić)
HDZ Franjo
Tuđman

Flag of the President of Croatia.svg
(1990–1999)
2 Josip Manolic crop1 Josip Manolić
(1920–)
24 August 1990[2] 25 June 1991 10 months and 23 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Manolić HDZ
25 June 1991 17 July 1991
3 Unknown-person Franjo Gregurić
(1939–)
17 July 1991[3] 12 August 1992 1 year and 26 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Gregurić HDZ • SDP • HSLS • HNS • HKDU • HDS • SSH
4 Hrvoje Šarinić Hrvoje Šarinić
(1935–2017)
1992 12 August 1992[4] 3 April 1993 7 months and 22 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Šarinić HDZ
5 Nikica Valentic table crop Nikica Valentić
(1950–)
3 April 1993[5] 7 November 1995 2 years, 7 months and 4 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Valentić HDZ
6 Zlatko Mateša Zlatko Mateša
(1949–)
1995 7 November 1995[6] 27 January 2000 4 years, 2 months and 20 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Mateša HDZ
Stjepan
Mesić

Flag of the President of Croatia.svg
(2000–2010)
7 Ivica Račan facingleft Ivica Račan
(1944–2007)
2000 27 January 2000[7] 23 December 2003 3 years, 10 months and 26 days SDP
Social Democratic Party
Račan I SDP • HSLS • HNS • HSS
Račan II SDP • HSLS • HNS
8 Sanader cropped Ivo Sanader
(1953–)
2003 23 December 2003 6 July 2009 5 years, 6 months and 13 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Sanader I HDZ • DC
2007 Sanader II HDZ
9 Jadranka Kosor Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor
(1953–)
6 July 2009 23 December 2011 2 years, 5 months and 17 days HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Kosor HDZ • HSLS[8] • HSS • SDSS
Ivo
Josipović

Flag of the President of Croatia.svg
(2010–2015)
10 16 obljetnica vojnoredarstvene operacije Oluja 04082011 Zoran Milanovic 38 Zoran Milanović
(1966–)
2011 23 December 2011 22 January 2016 4 years and 30 days SDP
Social Democratic Party
Milanović SDP • HNS • IDS
Kolinda
Grabar
Kitarović

Flag of the President of Croatia.svg
(2015–present)
11 TihomirOreskovic Tihomir Orešković
(1966–)
2015 22 January 2016 19 October 2016 8 months and 27 days Independent Orešković HDZ • MOST
12 Andrej Plenković 2017 Andrej Plenković
(1970–)
2016 19 October 2016 Incumbent 2 years, 6 months and 1 day HDZ
Croatian Democratic Union
Plenković Before 28 April 2017:
HDZ • MOST
From 28 April to 9 June 2017:
HDZ
Since 9 June 2017:
HDZ • HNS

Notes

  Denotes pre-independence Prime Ministers
1.^ From 1990 until the constitutional changes enacted in 2000, which replaced a powerful semi-presidential system (de facto a superpresidential system) with an incomplete parliamentary system, the term of the Prime Minister legally began on the date on which he was appointed by the President of the Republic and not on the date when he received a vote of confidence in Parliament, as is the case since 2000.
2.^ Until 12 October 2010.

Statistics

# Prime Minister Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
1 Stjepan Mesić 55 years, 157 days 0 years, 86 days 55 years, 243 days
2 Josip Manolić 70 years, 155 days 0 years, 327 days 71 years, 117 days
3 Franjo Gregurić 51 years, 278 days 1 year, 26 days 52 years, 305 days
4 Hrvoje Šarinić 57 years, 177 days 0 years, 234 days 58 years, 45 days
5 Nikica Valentić 42 years, 130 days 2 years, 218 days 44 years, 348 days
6 Zlatko Mateša 46 years, 143 days 4 years, 81 days 50 years, 224 days
7 Ivica Račan 55 years, 337 days 3 years, 330 days 59 years, 302 days
8 Ivo Sanader 50 years, 198 days 5 years, 195 days 56 years, 28 days
9 Jadranka Kosor 56 years, 5 days 2 years, 170 days 58 years, 175 days
10 Zoran Milanović 45 years, 54 days 4 years, 30 days 49 years, 84 days
11 Tihomir Orešković 50 years, 21 days 0 years, 271 days 50 years, 292 days
12 Andrej Plenković 46 years, 195 days 2 years, 183 days (Ongoing) Incumbent

Spouses of Prime Ministers

Name Relation to Prime Minister
Milka Mesić (née Dudunić) wife of Prime Minister Stjepan Mesić
Marija Eker Manolić wife of Prime Minister Josip Manolić
Jozefina Gregurić (née Abramović) wife of Prime Minister Franjo Gregurić
Erika Šarinić wife of Prime Minister Hrvoje Šarinić
Antonela Valentić wife of Prime Minister Nikica Valentić
Sanja Gregurić-Mateša wife of Prime Minister Zlatko Mateša
Dijana Pleština wife of Prime Minister Ivica Račan
Mirjana Sanader (née Šarić) wife of Prime Minister Ivo Sanader
Jadranka Kosor divorced before becoming Prime Minister
Sanja Musić Milanović wife of Prime Minister Zoran Milanović
Sanja Dujmović Orešković wife of Prime Minister Tihomir Orešković
Ana Maslać Plenković wife of Prime Minister Andrej Plenković

Living former Heads of government of Croatia

There are eleven living former Heads of government (3 former Presidents of the Executive Council of SR Croatia and 8 former Prime Ministers of Croatia). The last former head of government to die was Hrvoje Šarinić (1992–1993) on 21 July 2017.

Presidents of the Executive Council of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (until 1990):

No image
Petar Fleković
(1978–1982)
September 14, 1932 (age 86)
No image
Ema Derossi-Bjelajac
(1985–1986)
May 3, 1926 (age 92)
Mesic crop
Stjepan Mesić
(1990)
December 24, 1934 (age 84)

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Croatia (1990–present):

Dan OSRH Josip Manolic 28052011 2
Josip Manolić
(1990–1991)
March 22, 1920 (age 99)
No image
Franjo Gregurić
(1991–1992)
October 12, 1939 (age 79)
Nikica Valentic table crop
Nikica Valentić
(1993–1995)
November 24, 1950 (age 68)
Zlatko Mateša
Zlatko Mateša
(1995–2000)
June 17, 1949 (age 69)
Ivo Sanader table crop
Ivo Sanader
(2003–2009)
June 8, 1953 (age 65)
Jadranka Kosor Prime Minister
Jadranka Kosor
(2009–2011)
July 1, 1953 (age 65)
16 obljetnica vojnoredarstvene operacije Oluja 04082011 Zoran Milanovic 38
Zoran Milanović
(2011–2016)
October 30, 1966 (age 52)
TihomirOreskovic
Tihomir Orešković
(2016)
January 1, 1966 (age 53)

Facts and records of Croatian Prime Ministers (since 30 May 1990)

Age at appointment

Age at retirement

Oldest and youngest living prime ministers

Longest and shortest lived prime ministers

Longest and shortest retirements

  • Living prime minister with the longest period lived after leaving office: Stjepan Mesić (28 years, 239 days)
  • Living prime minister with the shortest period lived after leaving office: Tihomir Orešković (2 years, 183 days)
  • Deceased prime minister with the longest period lived after leaving office: Hrvoje Šarinić (24 years, 109 days)
  • Deceased prime minister with the shortest period lived after leaving office: Ivica Račan (3 years, 127 days)

Age difference between incoming and outgoing officeholders

  • Largest age difference between an incoming and outgoing prime minister: Franjo Gregurić (born 12 October 1939) was 19 years, 204 days younger than Josip Manolić (born 22 March 1920) whom he succeeded in 1991.
  • Smallest age difference between an incoming and outgoing prime minister: Jadranka Kosor (born 1 July 1953) was 23 days younger than Ivo Sanader (born 8 June 1953) whom she succeeded in 2009.

Length of service

Terms of office and number of cabinets

Size of cabinet

  • Prime minister of cabinet with largest number of members during its duration (including removed or deceased members): Franjo Gregurić (45 members including the Government secretary)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with smallest number of members during its duration (including removed or deceased members): Ivo Sanader (19 members in First Sanader cabinet)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with largest number of members on date of formation: Josip Manolić (27 members named on 17 July 1990)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with smallest number of members on date of formation: Stjepan Mesić (5 members named on 30 May 1990. Another 15 named on 31 May 1990)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with largest number of members on date of dissolution (excluding removed or deceased members): Franjo Gregurić (30 members on 12 August 1992)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with smallest number of members on date of dissolution (excluding removed or deceased members): Ivo Sanader (14 members on 12 January 2008 upon dissolution of First Sanader Cabinet)

Number of political parties in cabinet

  • Prime Ministers of cabinets with largest number of political parties represented in them during their total duration (including removed or deceased members on date of dissolution): Franjo Gregurić (8 parties had representation in his cabinet during some part of its time in office)
  • Prime Ministers of cabinets with the smallest number of political parties represented in them during their total duration (including removed or deceased members): Stjepan Mesić, Josip Manolić, Hrvoje Šarinić and Zlatko Mateša (each prime minister had only 1 party (the HDZ) represented in their cabinet)
  • Prime Minister of cabinet with the largest number of parties represented in it on the date of its formation: Ivica Račan (5 parties had representation in his First cabinet on 27 January 2000)
  • Prime ministers of cabinets with the smallest number of parties represented in them on the date of their formation: Stjepan Mesić, Josip Manolić, Hrvoje Šarinić and Zlatko Mateša (each prime minister had only 1 party (the HDZ) represented in their cabinet on the date it was formed)
  • Prime Minister of the cabinet with the largest number of political parties represented in it on the date of its dissolution: Ivica Račan (5 parties were represented in his Second cabinet on 23 December 2003)
  • Prime Ministers of cabinets with the smallest number of political parties represented in them on the date of their dissolution: Stjepan Mesić, Josip Manolić, Franjo Gregurić, Hrvoje Šarinić, Nikica Valentić, Zlatko Mateša and Ivo Sanader (First cabinet) (each prime minister had only 1 party (the HDZ) represented in their cabinet on the date it was dissolved)

Female prime ministers

Other national and international offices held after retirement

Foreign-born prime ministers

Prime Ministers born in predecessor states of modern Croatia (before 1991)

Period lived before Croatian independence was declared (25 June 1991)

  • Oldest (future or previous) prime minister on date of Croatia's declaration of independence: Josip Manolić (71 years, 95 days)
  • Youngest (future or previous) prime minister on date of Croatia's declaration of independence: Andrej Plenković (21 years, 78 days)

Service under the most heads of state

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Protocol and Liaison Service, United Nations.
  2. ^ a b "The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (consolidated text)". Croatian Parliament. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
  3. ^ "Chronology of Croatian governments" (in Croatian). Croatian Information-Documentation Referral Agency. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
  4. ^ "Prethodne Vlade RH" [Former Governments of the Republic of Croatia] (in Croatian). Croatian Government. Archived from the original on 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
2003 Croatian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections to elect all 151 members of the Croatian Parliament were held on November 23, 2003. They were the 5th parliamentary elections to take place since the first multi-party elections in 1990. Turnout was 61.7%. The result was a victory for the opposition Croatian Democratic Union party (HDZ) which won a plurality of 66 seats, but fell short of the 76 needed to form a government. HDZ chairman Ivo Sanader was named the 8th Prime Minister of Croatia on 23 December 2003, after parliament passed a confidence motion in his government cabinet, with 88 Members of Parliament voting in favor, 29 against and 14 abstaining. The ruling coalition, consisting of the Social Democratic Party (SDP), Croatian People's Party (HNS), Croatian Peasant Party (HSS), Party of Liberal Democrats (Libra) and the Liberal Party (LS) did not contest the elections as a single bloc. Namely, the SDP ran with the Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), the Party of Liberal Democrats (Libra) and the Liberal Party (LS), HNS ran with the Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar (PGS) and the Slavonia-Baranja Croatian Party (SBHS), while HSS ran on its own.

Ana Maslać Plenković

Ana Maslać Plenković (born 19 December 1979) is a Croatian jurist who is the wife of Andrej Plenković, the Prime Minister of Croatia since 19 October 2016. She is the Head of the Human Resources and Legal Service of the Croatian Parliament.

Andrej Plenković

Andrej Plenković (Croatian pronunciation: [ǎndreːj plěːŋkoʋitɕ]; born 8 April 1970) is a Croatian politician and diplomat serving as Prime Minister of Croatia since 19 October 2016. He has been the Chairman of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) since 2016. Previously he was one of eleven Croatian members of the European Parliament, serving from Croatia's accession to the European Union in 2013 until his resignation as MEP when he took office as Prime Minister.Following his graduation from the Zagreb Faculty of Law in 1993, Plenković held various bureaucratic positions in the Croatian Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. After completing a postgraduate degree in 2002 (research master in International law), he served as deputy chief of Croatia's mission to the EU. Between 2005 and 2010, he was Croatia's deputy ambassador to France, before leaving the post to become State Secretary for European Integration. He was subsequently elected to the Croatian Parliament in 2011.He was elected President of the HDZ in 2016, following Tomislav Karamarko's resignation. Plenković campaigned on a pro-European and moderate agenda and led his party to a plurality of seats in the 2016 parliamentary election. He was designated as the 12th Prime Minister of Croatia by President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović on 10 October 2016 after presenting 91 signatures of support by Members of Parliament to her. His cabinet was confirmed by a vote of Parliament on 19 October with a majority of 91 of 151 MPs. His cabinet has 20 ministers, including the newly created portfolio of Minister of State Property.

Damir Krstičević

Damir Krstičević (born 1 July 1969) is a Croatian general and politician, currently serving as Minister of Defence and Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia.

Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia (officially the Vice President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Potpredsjednik/ Potpredsjednica Vlade Republike Hrvatske)), is the official deputy of the Prime Minister of Croatia. Article 109 of the Constitution of Croatia states that the cabinet is to be made up of the Prime Minister, one or more Deputy Prime Ministers and other cabinet ministers. According to convention, if the governing parliamentary majority is a coalition of parties, all junior partners in the coalition will usually be given one Deputy Prime Minister in the cabinet, with their rank usually being determined by the number of MPs the party has in Parliament. The Deputy Prime Ministers are permitted to simultaneously hold a ministerial portfolio while in office, but may also serve without holding such a portfolio.

The Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia is not the constitutional successor of the Prime Minister and will not automatically assume the post of Prime Minister in the event of a vacancy. However, the Deputy Prime Minister may chair cabinet meetings in the event of the Prime Minister becoming temporarily incapacitated or otherwise unable to chair the meetings of his or her government cabinet.

Gordan Jandroković

Gordan Jandroković (born 2 August 1967) is a Croatian politician and diplomat who is the 12th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament since independence, and the 22nd Speaker overall, in office since 5 May 2017. He previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration from 2008 until 2011 and as Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia from 2010 until 2011, in the cabinet of Jadranka Kosor.

Haramija

Haramija is a Croatian family name. It is derived from a Turkish word for bandit (Turkish: haram). Haramija was corp of Christian army in 16th century in Croatia (it was part of Habsburg Monarchy). They protected south west border of Habsburg Monarchy from Turkish attacks.

Dragutin Haramija (1923–2012) was Prime Minister of Croatia in 1969–71.

Ivica Račan

Ivica Račan (pronounced [îʋit͡sa rât͡ʃan]; 24 February 1944 – 29 April 2007) was a Croatian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Croatia from 2000 to 2003, heading two centre-left coalition governments.

He became the first Prime Minister of Croatia not to be a member of the Croatian Democratic Union, namely the opposition coalition headed by his Social Democratic Party won the 2000 parliamentary election and came to power for the first time since independence. He was the leader of the party, initially called the League of Communists of Croatia (SKH)—from 1989 to 2007.

Before becoming Prime Minister he served in the capacity of Leader of the Opposition on two occasions: firstly, from the first multi-party elections in May 1990 until the formation of a national unity government under Franjo Gregurić in July 1991 and secondly, from his defeat in the 2003 general election by Ivo Sanader until his death on 29 April 2007.

Jadranka Kosor

Jadranka Kosor (pronounced [jǎdraːnka kɔ̂sɔr]; born 1 July 1953) is a Croatian politician and former journalist who served as the Prime Minister of Croatia from 2009 to 2011, having taken office following the sudden resignation of her predecessor Ivo Sanader. Kosor was the first and so far only woman to become Prime Minister of Croatia since independence.Kosor started working as a journalist, following her graduation from Zagreb Faculty of Law. During the Croatian War of Independence, she hosted a radio show dealing with refugee problems and disabled war veterans. She joined the centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) in 1989 and quickly climbed up the party hierarchy. In 1995 she was elected party vice-president and was elected to serve in Parliament for the first time. After the death of President and longtime HDZ leader Franjo Tuđman, Kosor supported Ivo Sanader's successful party leadership bid in 2000. Three years later, her party won the parliamentary election and Kosor became the Minister of Family, Veterans' Affairs and Inter-generational Solidarity in the Sanader I and, later, Sanader II cabinet, during which time she served as Deputy Prime Minister as well. In the 2005 presidential election she ran as a representative of HDZ, but lost to incumbent President Stipe Mesić in the second round. After the abrupt resignation of Sanader, Kosor managed to form a functioning parliamentary majority and was approved to her new post as Prime Minister in July 2009, also becoming leader of her party. Kosor was the party's candidate for Prime Minister in the 2011 general election, but HDZ lost in a landslide over the centre-left Kukuriku coalition, led by the Social Democratic Party. Kosor handed power to the new Prime Minister, Zoran Milanović, in December 2011.

As Prime Minister, Kosor failed to commit to structural reforms although she managed to prevent country's budgetary meltdown with two budget revisions and the introduction of new taxes as a response to the ongoing economic crisis. During her tenure, she strongly advocated a zero-tolerance policy to political corruption and organized crime. This uncompromising stance, along with the new criminal code passed before her term began, opened the door to unprecedented efforts to combat corruption. This resulted in numerous arrests of influential business-people and politicians from across the political spectrum, although most of them members of HDZ, which severely damaged the party's reputation. The discoveries made by prosecutors were far-reaching and criminal charges were even raised against former Prime Minister Ivo Sanader and Deputy Prime Minister Damir Polančec, who would later be charged with lengthy prison sentences for criminal activity and abuse of power. In foreign policy, Kosor and her Slovenian counterpart Borut Pahor were successful in solving the long-standing border dispute and she is credited with successfully finishing the negotiating process of the Croatian accession to the European Union. On 9 December 2011, she and President Ivo Josipović signed the EU Treaty of Accession in Brussels. A moderate conservative, Kosor ran for another term as party leader after losing the election, however, was defeated by the more conservative Tomislav Karamarko. After months of criticizing his leadership and the new party platform, she was expelled from HDZ by the party's High Court for damaging the party's reputation.

Josip Manolić

Josip Manolić (pronounced [jǒsip mǎnolit͡ɕ]; born 22 March 1920) is a Croatian politician and former high-ranking official of the State Security Administration (UDBA or UDSA) who was the Prime Minister of Croatia from 24 August 1990 to 17 July 1991. Croatia formally declared independence during his term on 25 June 1991. Having taken office as Prime Minister at the age of 70 and having left the office at the age of 71, he is the oldest person to date to have served as Prime Minister of Croatia. Manolić is also the oldest currently living former prime minister at the age of 99 years, 30 days and the longest-lived holder of the office. Following his brief term as Prime Minister, he served as the first Speaker of the Chamber of Counties, the upper house of the Croatian Parliament, from 1993 until 1994.

Marija Pejčinović Burić

Marija Pejčinović Burić (pronounced [mǎrija pejt͡ʃǐːnoʋit͜ɕ bûrit͜ɕ]; born 9 April 1963 in Mostar, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Croatian politician of the centre-right Croatian Democratic Union party who has been the 14th Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia and Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia (alongside Martina Dalić, Damir Krstičević and Predrag Štromar) since 19 June 2017. She is the third woman to hold the post of foreign minister, following Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović and Vesna Pusić. Pejčinović Burić previously served as a Member of Parliament during its Sixth Assembly (2008–2011), representing the 6th electoral district.

Martina Dalić

Martina Dalić (pronounced [martǐːna dǎːlitɕ]; née Štimac; born 12 November 1967) is a Croatian economist and finance official who was a Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia and Minister of Economy, Small and Medium Entrepreneurship and Crafts in the Cabinet of Andrej Plenković.

She is the first female Minister of Economy in Croatia (excluding Tamara Obradović-Mazal's two-day acting tenure in 2012). She was previously Croatia's first and to date only female Minister of Finance from 29 December 2010 to 23 December 2011 in the Cabinet of Jadranka Kosor. She is a member of the centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and resides in Zagreb.

Nikica Valentić

Nikica Valentić (pronounced [nîkit͡sa ʋǎleːntit͡ɕ]; born 24 November 1950) is a Croatian entrepreneur, lawyer and politician. He was the Prime Minister of Croatia from 1993 until 1995. He is to date the youngest person to have served in that capacity, being 42 years old when taking office, and is also the first Croatian prime minister born after the Second World War.

A native of Gospić, Valentić graduated from the University of Zagreb Faculty of Law. Before being involved in politics, he was a high-ranking official of INA, the Croatian oil company.On 4 April 1993, as a member of the Croatian Democratic Union, he was appointed by President Franjo Tuđman to the post of Croatian prime minister. He served in that position until 4 November 1995.A few months after taking office his cabinet de-valued the Croatian currency Croatian dinar, stopping the inflation and bringing some sort of economic stability to Croatia for the first time after the start of war. In June 1994 the Croatian dinar was replaced with the kuna.In 1995, during his term in office, the Croatian military and police conducted Operation Storm which would ultimately lead to the end of the war in Croatia and neighbouring Bosnia and Herzegovina. After his term expired, he served as a member of the Croatian Parliament until 2003.

Predrag Štromar

Predrag Štromar (born 13 January 1969) is a Croatian politician who is currently Minister of Construction and Spatial Planning and Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia. He is the acting president of Croatian People's Party since June 6, 2017.

President of the government

President of the government, chairman of the government, or head of the government is a term used in official statements to describe several Prime Ministers.

Croatia, Prime Minister of Croatia

Greece, Prime Minister of Greece, Πρόεδρος της Κυβέρνησης

Lebanon, Prime Minister of Lebanon

Morocco, President of the Government of Morocco

Philippines, Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)

Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia

Slovenia, Prime Minister of Slovenia

Spain, Prime Minister of Spain, Presidente del Gobierno de España

Vatican City, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City StateChairman of the Government can refer to:

Russia, Prime Minister of Russia

Adjara, Chairman of the Government of Adjara

Slovakia, Prime Minister of Slovakia

Czech Republic, Prime Minister of the Czech RepublicHead of the Government can refer to:

Algeria, Prime Minister of Algeria

Tunisia, Head of Government of Tunisia

Israel, Prime Minister of Israel

Syria, Prime Minister of Syria

Slobodan Uzelac

Slobodan Uzelac, Ph.D., (Serbian: Слободан Узелац; born 9 August 1947) is a Croatian Serb politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia for Regional Development, Reconstruction and Return in the Second cabinet of Prime Minister Ivo Sanader and his successor in that position Jadranka Kosor. He is the first member of the Serb minority in Croatia to hold a cabinet position since the first Croatian multi-party elections were held in 1990.

Tihomir Orešković

Tihomir "Tim" Orešković (Croatian pronunciation: [tîxomiːr tîm ǒreːʃkoʋitɕ]; born 1 January 1966) is a Croatian Canadian businessman who was the Prime Minister of Croatia from 22 January 2016 to 19 October 2016.

Born in Zagreb, Orešković emigrated to Canada at a young age and spent most of his life there. He studied at the McMaster University and graduated chemistry in 1989 and finance and information systems in 1991. Before taking office as Prime Minister, Orešković served as CEO and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Pliva, head of financial management for Teva Pharmaceutical Industries in Europe, and a Chief Financial Officer for Teva global generics business.

In the aftermath of an inconclusive parliamentary election held on 8 November 2015 and the ensuing 76 days of negotiations, Orešković was named as a compromise, non-partisan choice for the post of Prime Minister by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Bridge of Independent Lists (Most) on 23 December 2015. He was formally named Prime Minister-designate on the same day by President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović. Orešković formed the 13th Croatian Government, made up of 2 deputy prime ministers and 20 ministers,on 22 January 2016. As Prime Minister, Orešković introduced spending cuts to lower the public debt and budget deficit. However, his government was marked by tense relations between the two governing parties, resulting in a government crisis in May 2016. His cabinet lost an HDZ-initiated motion of no confidence in the Parliament on 16 June and early parliamentary elections were called for September of the same year. Although Orešković initially considered participating in them together with Most, he later announced that he would not run but rather return to the private sector. On 19 October 2016, Orešković was succeeded by the new Prime Minister, Andrej Plenković from HDZ.

Tomislav Karamarko

Tomislav Karamarko (pronounced [tǒmislaʋ karamǎːrko]; born 25 May 1959) is a Croatian politician who served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia from January until June 2016. He served in the Cabinet of Jadranka Kosor as Minister of Interior from 2008 to 2011.

Zlatko Mateša

Zlatko Mateša (pronounced [zlâtko mâteʃa]; born 17 June 1949) was the Prime Minister of Croatia from late 1995 until 31 January 2000. He is a member of the Croatian Democratic Union. He is currently the President of the Croatian Olympic Committee (Hrvatski olimpijski odbor) and honorary consul of the Republic of Mongolia in Croatia.

Mateša was born and grew up in Zagreb, then SFR Yugoslavia, and obtained a law degree at the University of Zagreb in 1974. He worked in INA since 1978, where he rose through the ranks to the position of an assistant director. He was friends with Nikica Valentić, Mladen Vedriš and Franjo Gregurić.In 1990, he entered politics and became a high-ranking HDZ member, along with the aforementioned group. President Franjo Tuđman named him the sixth President of the Government on 4 November 1995.

The Mateša government is perhaps best remembered for the introduction of the value-added tax (Croatian: Porez na dodanu vrijednost, PDV), which originated from the previous government before being put to effect from 1996 under Mateša's government. In 1998, the tax rate was fixed for all products at 22%. The finance minister in the Cabinet of Zlatko Mateša was Borislav Škegro.In the Croatian parliamentary election, 2000 he was elected into Sabor and served until the end of 2003.Since 2002, Mateša is the President of the Croatian Olympic Committee. In 2009, Mateša obtained a Ph.D. degree from Beijing Sport University.

History
Geography
Politics
Economy
Society
Prime Ministers of Croatia
In Yugoslavia before multi-party elections
(1945–1990)
Following the first multi-party elections
(1990–1991)
Since independence
(1991–)
Heads of state and government of Europe
Heads
of state
Heads of
government
Prime Ministers
by country
Defunct Title

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.