The Prime Minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the Prime Minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the Prime Minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia. Under the new 2015 constitution, the Prime Minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.
The office of Prime Minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of Prime Minister was reintroduced.
|Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia|
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
since 8 May 2018
|Style||Mr. Prime Minister (formal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)
|Status||Head of government|
|Member of||Cabinet of Armenia|
|Residence||Prime Minister's Residence|
|Appointer||President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly|
|Term length||No term limit|
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Armenia|
|Inaugural holder||Hovhannes Kajaznuni|
|Formation||30 June 1918|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Salary||annual: AMD 15,079,920|
|Term of Office||Political Party|
|Took Office||Left office|
|30 June 1918||28 May 1919||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|28 May 1919||5 May 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|5 May 1920||25 November 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|25 November 1920||2 December 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Title(s)|
|Took Office||Left office|
|1 January 1921||30 January 1922||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|21 May 1922||24 June 1925||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|24 June 1925||22 March 1928||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|22 March 1928||10 February 1935||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|10 February 1935||February 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Title(s)|
|Took Office||Left office|
|February 1937||May 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|7||Stepan Akopyan||May 1937||21 September 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|23 November 1937||October 1943||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|October 1943||1946||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|1946||29 March 1947||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|29 March 1947||20 November 1952||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|20 November 1952||5 February 1966||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|5 February 1966||21 November 1972||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|21 November 1972||28 November 1976||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|—||G.A. Martirosyan||28 November 1976||17 January 1977||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|17 January 1977||16 January 1989||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|16 January 1989||13 August 1990||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|13 August 1990||25 September 1991||National Democratic Union||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|Term of Office||Political Party|
|Took Office||Left office|
|25 September 1991||22 November 1991||National Democratic Union|
|22 November 1991||30 July 1992||Independent|
|30 July 1992||2 February 1993||Independent|
|2 February 1993||4 November 1996||Pan-Armenian National Movement|
|4 November 1996||20 March 1997||Independent|
|20 March 1997||10 April 1998||Independent|
|10 April 1998||11 June 1999||Independent|
|11 June 1999||27 October 1999[α]||Republican Party|
|3 November 1999||2 May 2000||Republican Party|
|12 May 2000||25 March 2007[β]||Republican Party|
|26 March 2007||7 April 2008||Republican Party|
|9 April 2008||13 April 2014||Republican Party|
|13 April 2014||8 September 2016||Republican Party|
|13 September 2016||17 April 2018||Republican Party|
|17 April 2018||23 April 2018||Republican Party|
|—||Karen Karapetyan (acting)
|23 April 2018||8 May 2018||Republican Party|
|8 May 2018||Incumbent||Civil Contract|
β. ^ Died of heart attack while in office.
Early presidential elections were held in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic on 1 September 1997 after President Robert Kocharyan was appointed Prime Minister of Armenia. The result was a victory for independent candidate Arkadi Ghukasyan, who received 89% of the vote.Andranik Margaryan
Andranik Nahapeti Margaryan (Armenian: Անդրանիկ Նահապետի Մարգարյան, alternative spelling: Andranik Margarian) (12 June 1949 – 25 March 2007) served as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 12 May 2000, when the President appointed him, until his death on 25 March 2007. He was a member of the Republican Party of Armenia. He succeeded the Sargsyan brothers: Vazgen Sargsyan, who was murdered during the Armenian parliament shooting on 27 October 1999 and Aram Sargsyan, whom the President appointed a week later, but fired on 2 May 2000.Aram Sargsyan
Aram Zaveni Sargsyan (Armenian: Արամ Զավենի Սարգսյան; 2 January 1961) is an Armenian political figure. He was Prime Minister of Armenia from 3 November 1999 to 2 May 2000.He is the younger brother of Vazgen Sargsyan. In 2001 he founded the oppositional "Hanrapetutyun Party". He supported opposition leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan in the 2008 Armenian presidential election.
Sargsyan was elected to the Armenian National Assembly in May 2012 with the Armenian National Congress, but he didn't accept the seat.In 2017 parliamentary election, Sargsyan was elected through the proportional list of the Way Out Alliance.Armen Darbinyan
Armen Razmiki Darbinyan (Armenian: Արմեն Ռազմիկի Դարբինյան; born January 23, 1964 in Leninakan, Armenian SSR), served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 1998 to 1999. In 1986, he received an honors degree at the Department of Economy, Moscow State University. In 1989, Darbinyan completed a post-graduate course at Moscow State University. In 1994, he was appointed First Vice-Chairman of the Central Bank of Armenia. In 1997 Darbinyan was appointed Armenian Minister of Finance. On April 10, 1998, he was appointed Armenian Prime Minister until June 11, 1999. Since 2001, Armen Darbinyan has been rector of Russian-Armenian State University.
Darbinyan was recognised as a "Young World Leader" by the World Economic Forum.Armen Gevorgyan
Armen Gevorgyan (Armenian: Արմեն Անդրանիկի Գևորգյան; born 8 July 1973) is the Vice Prime Minister of Armenia.Armen Sarkissian
Armen Sarkissian (Armenian: Արմեն Վարդանի Սարգսյան; born 23 June 1953) is an Armenian physicist, computer scientist and politician, who currently serves as the incumbent President of Armenia. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 to 20 March 1997 and previously was the country's (longest-serving) ambassador in London since 1998. Sarkissian assumed the presidency on 9 April 2018.He was also one of the co-creators of the Tetris-Wordtris game.Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia
The Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia is the official deputy of the head of government of Armenia. The position was introduced after constitutional amendments which was approved in a constitutional referendum in 2015 and took in effect in 2018.According to Constitution of Armenia the number of Deputy Prime Ministers can be up to three.The current Deputy Prime Ministers are Tigran Avinyan and Mher Grigoryan.Free Democrats (Armenia)
Free Democrats (Armenian: Ազատ դեմոկրատներ, Azat demokratner) is an Armenian liberal, Pro-European party. It was founded in 2011 by Khachatur Kokobelyan. In 2017 Armenian parliamentary election it failed to meet the threshold of 5%. Khachatur Kokobelyan was the first on party list, Hrant Bagratyan (former Prime Minister of Armenia) was the second and Prime minister candidate of party.Gagik Harutyunyan
Gagik Garushi Harutyunyan (Armenian: Գագիկ Գարուշի Հարությունյան; born 23 March 1948) is an Armenian politician and the president of the Constitutional Court of Armenia. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 22 November 1991 to 30 July 1992.Harutyunyan was elected as Vice President of Levon Ter-Petrossian and served from 11 November 1991 until February 1996, when the post was abolished by the new constitution. As replacement, the National Assembly elected him as the president of the center of constitutional law of Armenia.Hovik Abrahamyan
Hovik Argami Abrahamyan (Armenian: Հովիկ Արգամի Աբրահամյան; also known by nickname Muk, born 24 January 1959) is an Armenian politician. A former member of the ruling Republican Party, he was the Prime Minister of Armenia from 13 April 2014 to 8 September 2016. Previously he was the President of the National Assembly of Armenia.Hrant Bagratyan
Hrant Bagratyan (Armenian: Հրանտ Արարատի Բագրատյան; born 18 October 1958) is an Armenian politician.
He was the Prime Minister of Armenia from 2 February 1993 until 4 November 1996, and a former member of the Pan-Armenian National Movement political party. He has PhD in Economics, author of more than 52 scientific articles and 7 books. In "The Society and the State" (Moscow, Izograph, 2000) he developed the theory of scientific technical cycles. Based on that he predicted regular centralisation and decentralisation of the management of the society. Particularly he predicted the centralisation of the management of the economy by 2010. Founder of a new direction in Economics: global macroeconomics or geoeconomics.Karen Karapetyan
Karen Vilhelmi Karapetyan (Armenian: Կարեն Վիլհելմի Կարապետյան, Karen Vilhelmi Karapetyan; born 14 August 1963) is an Armenian politician who was Prime Minister of Armenia from September 2016 until April 2018. He was previously Mayor of Yerevan, the capital, from 2010 to 2011.
Karapetyan was chief executive of the Armenian-Russian joint venture ArmRosGazprom beginning in 2001. He became Mayor of Yerevan on 17 December 2010 after receiving overwhelming support from the municipal assembly. He succeeded Gagik Beglaryan, a controversial mayor who resigned in early December 2010 after being embroiled in a high-profile scandal with the presidential administration of Serzh Sargsyan.
Karapetyan resigned as Mayor on 28 October 2011 and in November 2011 Taron Margaryan was elected mayor in his place. After his resignation, he returned to Russia to continue working for Gazprom. He was appointed as Prime Minister by President Serzh Sargsyan on 13 September 2016 and held office until 9 April 2018. Karapetyan served as First Deputy Prime Minister since 17 April 2018, when he was appointed Acting Prime Minister following the resignation of Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan.Khosrov Harutyunyan
Khosrov Meliki Harutyunyan (Armenian: Խոսրով Մելիքի Հարությունյան, May 30, 1948) served as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 30 July 1992 until 2 February 1993.Leonard Petrosyan
Leonard Petrosyan (Armenian: Լեոնարդ Պետրոսյան; 13 October 1953 – 27 October 1999) was the second President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic for almost 6 months (20 March 1997 to 8 September 1997). He also served as Prime Minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from December 1994 to June 1998. He was killed in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting while serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia.Mher Grigoryan
Mher Grigoryan (Armenian: Մհեր Գրիգորյան; born 15 February 1972) is an Armenian politician and the Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia.My Step Alliance
The My Step Alliance (Armenian: «Իմ Քայլը» դաշինք; Im Kaylə dashink’) is a political alliance formed by the Civil Contract party, the Mission Party and various independent representatives of civil society. It was formed in August 2018, before the Yerevan City Council election, 2018. The leader of the alliance is the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan.Robert Kocharyan
Robert Kocharyan (Armenian: Ռոբերտ Սեդրակի Քոչարյան pronounced [ɾɔbɛɾt kʰɔtʃʰɑɾjɑn]; born 31 August 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008. He was previously President of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998. He was arrested on December 7, 2018.
During most of his presidency, between 2001 and 2007, Armenia's economy grew on average by 12% annually, largely due to the construction boom. His presidency witnessed two of the bloodiest events in post-independence Armenian history: the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting and the killing of ten people during the 2008 presidential election protests. He has been held responsible for both events by the opposition, especially by Armenia's first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan and his party.Both the 1998 and 2003 presidential elections were held in two rounds. They were disputed by the opposition candidates and criticized by international observers. Kocharyan and his family amassed a fortune and extensive business interests worth hundreds of millions of dollars if not billions during his time in office.
On July 26, 2018 the Special Investigative Service (SIS) of Armenia charged Kocharian with “overthrowing constitutional order of Armenia” during the final weeks of his rule. The SIS asked a Yerevan court to remand him in pre-trial custody. On July 27, 2018 he was arrested. On August 13, 2018 Kocharyan was freed from custody following a court ruling, but remained accused of the charges he was arrested for. On December 7, 2018 Kocharyan was arrested again following another ruling by the Court of Appeals. Armenia's Criminal Court of Appeal refused to release him from custody on February 7, 2019. Kocharyan‘s trial began on May 13, 2019. On May 18, 2019 Kocharyan was freed on bail from pre-trial detention.Serzh Sargsyan
Serzh Sargsyan (Armenian: Սերժ Սարգսյան, pronounced [sɛɾʒ sɑɾkʰəsˈjɑn]; born 30 June 1954) is an Armenian politician who served twice as the Prime Minister of Armenia and was the third President of Armenia, from 2008 to 2018. He won the February 2008 presidential election with the backing of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia, a party in which he serves as chairman, and took office in April 2008. On 18 February 2013, he was re-elected as president and served the entire term.
Despite pledging in 2014 not to become Prime Minister again while supporting an amendment of the constitution in 2015 that would allow it, Sargsyan was again elected Prime Minister of Armenia in April 2018, in what opposition figures described as a "power grab". Six days after taking office, Sargsyan resigned after large-scale protests. Sargsyan is currently the leader of the Republican Party, which from 1995 to 2018 held a majority in Armenia's National Assembly.Tigran Avinyan
Tigran Avinyan (Armenian: Տիգրան Ավինյան; born 28 February 1989) is an Armenian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia and former member of the Yerevan City Council from the list of Way Out Alliance (YELK). He is a founding member of the Civil Contract Party. In May 2018, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister under Nikol Pashinyan's new administration
Prime Ministers of Armenia
|First Republic (1918-20)|
|Republic of Armenia (1991-)|
Heads of state and government of Europe