Prime Minister of Armenia

The Prime Minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the Prime Minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the Prime Minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia.[3] Under the new 2015 constitution, the Prime Minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

The office of Prime Minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of Prime Minister was reintroduced.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
Coat of arms of Armenia
Cropped nikol pashinyan Kölner Rathaus 2019 by Raymond
Incumbent
Nikol Pashinyan

since 8 May 2018
StyleMr. Prime Minister (formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)[1]
StatusHead of government
Member ofCabinet of Armenia
ResidencePrime Minister's Residence
SeatYerevan
AppointerPresident of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Armenia
Inaugural holderHovhannes Kajaznuni
Formation30 June 1918
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
Salaryannual: AMD 15,079,920[2]
Websitewww.primeminister.am

List of Heads of Government of Armenia

Republic of Armenia (1918–1920)

Prime Ministers
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left office
1 Hovhannes Katchaznouni Hovhannes Kajaznuni
(1868–1938)
30 June 1918 28 May 1919 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
2 Alexander Khatisian Alexander Khatisian
(1874–1945)
28 May 1919 5 May 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
3 045 hamo ohanjanyan Hamo Ohanjanyan
(1873–1947)
5 May 1920 25 November 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
4 Vratsyan Simon Simon Vratsian
(1882–1969)
25 November 1920 2 December 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Title(s)
Took Office Left office
1 Myasnikyan Alexander Miasnikian
(1886–1925)
1 January 1921 30 January 1922 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
2 Sergey-Lukashin-Sargis-Srapionyan Sargis Lukashin
(1883–1937)
21 May 1922 24 June 1925 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
3 No image Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
24 June 1925 22 March 1928 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
4 Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan
(1886–1937)
22 March 1928 10 February 1935 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
5 No image Abraham Guloyan
(1893–1938)
10 February 1935 February 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars

Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Title(s)
Took Office Left office
6 Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
February 1937 May 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
7 No image Stepan Akopyan May 1937 21 September 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
8 No image Aram Piruzyan
(1907–1996)
23 November 1937 October 1943 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
9 No image Aghasi Sargsyan
(1905–1971)
October 1943 1946 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
1946 29 March 1947 Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10 Sahak Karapetyan
(1906–1987)
29 March 1947 20 November 1952 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
11 Anton Kochinyan 2013 Armenian stamp Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
20 November 1952 5 February 1966 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12 No image Badal Muradyan
(1915–1991)
5 February 1966 21 November 1972 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
13 No image Grigory Arzumanyan
(1919–1976)
21 November 1972 28 November 1976 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
No image G.A. Martirosyan 28 November 1976 17 January 1977 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
14 No image Fadey Sargsyan
(1923–2010)
17 January 1977 16 January 1989 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15 No image Vladimir Markaryants
(1934–2000)
16 January 1989 13 August 1990 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
16 Vazgen Manukyan Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
13 August 1990 25 September 1991 National Democratic Union Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

Republic of Armenia (1991-present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left office
1 Vazgen Manukyan Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
25 September 1991 22 November 1991 National Democratic Union
2 Gagik Harutyunyan Gagik Harutyunyan
(1948–)
22 November 1991 30 July 1992 Independent
3 No image Khosrov Harutyunyan
(1948–)
30 July 1992 2 February 1993 Independent
4 Hrant Bagratyan 1 Hrant Bagratyan
(1948–)
2 February 1993 4 November 1996 Pan-Armenian National Movement
5 Armen Sargsyan, November 2008 cropped Armen Sarkissian
(1952–)
4 November 1996 20 March 1997 Independent
6 Robert Kocharyan's Interveiw, 2003 Robert Kocharyan
(1954–)
20 March 1997 10 April 1998 Independent
7 Armen Darbinyan (cropped) Armen Darbinyan
(1965–)
10 April 1998 11 June 1999 Independent
8 Stamp of Armenia m175 - Copy Vazgen Sargsyan
(1959–1999)
11 June 1999 27 October 1999[α] Republican Party
9 Aram Sargsyan 2010 Aram Sargsyan
(1962–)
3 November 1999 2 May 2000 Republican Party
10 Andranik Margaryan
(1949–2007)
12 May 2000 25 March 2007[β] Republican Party
11 Serzh Sargsyan cropped Serzh Sargsyan
(1954–)
26 March 2007 7 April 2008 Republican Party
12 Tigran Sargsyan Tigran Sargsyan
(1962–)
9 April 2008 13 April 2014 Republican Party
13 Hovik Abrahamyan 2013 Hovik Abrahamyan
(1959–)
13 April 2014 8 September 2016[4] Republican Party
14 Karen Karapetyan and Dmitry Medvedev (2017-01-24) 02 (cropped) Karen Karapetyan
(1963–)
13 September 2016[5] 17 April 2018[6] Republican Party
15 Serj1 Serzh Sargsyan
(1954–)
17 April 2018[7] 23 April 2018[8] Republican Party
Karen Karapetyan and Dmitry Medvedev (2017-01-24) 02 (cropped) Karen Karapetyan (acting)

(1963–)

23 April 2018 8 May 2018 Republican Party
16 Besuch des Ministerpräsidenten von Armenien, Nikol Pashinyan, im Kölner Rathaus-2162 Nikol Pashinyan
(1975–)
8 May 2018 Incumbent Civil Contract

Notes

     α.   ^ Assassinated while in office in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.

     β.   ^ Died of heart attack while in office.

References

  1. ^ "PM Nikol Pashinyan receives congratulations on 27th anniversary of Armenia's independence". Retrieved 19 January 2019., The Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
  2. ^ "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 9 May 2018.
  3. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia - Library - The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  4. ^ RFE/RL; Press, Associated (8 September 2016). "Armenian PM Hovik Abrahamyan resigns after weeks of unrest". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  5. ^ Sputnik. "Ex-Mayor of Yerevan Karen Karapetyan Is Appointed As Armenian PM". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  6. ^ Bedevian, Astghik. "Armenia's Ruling Party 'Open' To Opposition Candidates For PM". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  7. ^ RFE/RL's Armenian Service; Gabrielian, Sisak; Aslanian, Karlen; Ghalechian, Narine; Chapple, Amos; AFP; Reuters (17 April 2018). "Lawmakers Approve Sarkisian As Armenia's PM Despite Countrywide Protests". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  8. ^ Hairenik (23 April 2018). "Breaking: Serge Sarkisian Resigns as Prime Minister". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 23 April 2018.

External links

1997 Nagorno-Karabakh presidential election

Early presidential elections were held in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic on 1 September 1997 after President Robert Kocharyan was appointed Prime Minister of Armenia. The result was a victory for independent candidate Arkadi Ghukasyan, who received 89% of the vote.

Andranik Margaryan

Andranik Nahapeti Margaryan (Armenian: Անդրանիկ Նահապետի Մարգարյան, alternative spelling: Andranik Margarian) (12 June 1949 – 25 March 2007) served as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 12 May 2000, when the President appointed him, until his death on 25 March 2007. He was a member of the Republican Party of Armenia. He succeeded the Sargsyan brothers: Vazgen Sargsyan, who was murdered during the Armenian parliament shooting on 27 October 1999 and Aram Sargsyan, whom the President appointed a week later, but fired on 2 May 2000.

Aram Sargsyan

Aram Zaveni Sargsyan (Armenian: Արամ Զավենի Սարգսյան; 2 January 1961) is an Armenian political figure. He was Prime Minister of Armenia from 3 November 1999 to 2 May 2000.He is the younger brother of Vazgen Sargsyan. In 2001 he founded the oppositional "Hanrapetutyun Party". He supported opposition leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan in the 2008 Armenian presidential election.

Sargsyan was elected to the Armenian National Assembly in May 2012 with the Armenian National Congress, but he didn't accept the seat.In 2017 parliamentary election, Sargsyan was elected through the proportional list of the Way Out Alliance.

Armen Darbinyan

Armen Razmiki Darbinyan (Armenian: Արմեն Ռազմիկի Դարբինյան; born January 23, 1964 in Leninakan, Armenian SSR), served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 1998 to 1999. In 1986, he received an honors degree at the Department of Economy, Moscow State University. In 1989, Darbinyan completed a post-graduate course at Moscow State University. In 1994, he was appointed First Vice-Chairman of the Central Bank of Armenia. In 1997 Darbinyan was appointed Armenian Minister of Finance. On April 10, 1998, he was appointed Armenian Prime Minister until June 11, 1999. Since 2001, Armen Darbinyan has been rector of Russian-Armenian State University.

Darbinyan was recognised as a "Young World Leader" by the World Economic Forum.

Armen Gevorgyan

Armen Gevorgyan (Armenian: Արմեն Անդրանիկի Գևորգյան; born 8 July 1973) is the Vice Prime Minister of Armenia.

Armen Sarkissian

Armen Sarkissian (Armenian: Արմեն Վարդանի Սարգսյան; born 23 June 1953) is an Armenian physicist, computer scientist and politician, who currently serves as the incumbent President of Armenia. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 to 20 March 1997 and previously was the country's (longest-serving) ambassador in London since 1998. Sarkissian assumed the presidency on 9 April 2018.He was also one of the co-creators of the Tetris-Wordtris game.

Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia is the official deputy of the head of government of Armenia. The position was introduced after constitutional amendments which was approved in a constitutional referendum in 2015 and took in effect in 2018.According to Constitution of Armenia the number of Deputy Prime Ministers can be up to three.The current Deputy Prime Ministers are Tigran Avinyan and Mher Grigoryan.

Free Democrats (Armenia)

Free Democrats (Armenian: Ազատ դեմոկրատներ, Azat demokratner) is an Armenian liberal, Pro-European party. It was founded in 2011 by Khachatur Kokobelyan. In 2017 Armenian parliamentary election it failed to meet the threshold of 5%. Khachatur Kokobelyan was the first on party list, Hrant Bagratyan (former Prime Minister of Armenia) was the second and Prime minister candidate of party.

Gagik Harutyunyan

Gagik Garushi Harutyunyan (Armenian: Գագիկ Գարուշի Հարությունյան; born 23 March 1948) is an Armenian politician and the president of the Constitutional Court of Armenia. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 22 November 1991 to 30 July 1992.Harutyunyan was elected as Vice President of Levon Ter-Petrossian and served from 11 November 1991 until February 1996, when the post was abolished by the new constitution. As replacement, the National Assembly elected him as the president of the center of constitutional law of Armenia.

Hovik Abrahamyan

Hovik Argami Abrahamyan (Armenian: Հովիկ Արգամի Աբրահամյան; also known by nickname Muk, born 24 January 1959) is an Armenian politician. A former member of the ruling Republican Party, he was the Prime Minister of Armenia from 13 April 2014 to 8 September 2016. Previously he was the President of the National Assembly of Armenia.

Hrant Bagratyan

Hrant Bagratyan (Armenian: Հրանտ Արարատի Բագրատյան; born 18 October 1958) is an Armenian politician.

He was the Prime Minister of Armenia from 2 February 1993 until 4 November 1996, and a former member of the Pan-Armenian National Movement political party. He has PhD in Economics, author of more than 52 scientific articles and 7 books. In "The Society and the State" (Moscow, Izograph, 2000) he developed the theory of scientific technical cycles. Based on that he predicted regular centralisation and decentralisation of the management of the society. Particularly he predicted the centralisation of the management of the economy by 2010. Founder of a new direction in Economics: global macroeconomics or geoeconomics.

Karen Karapetyan

Karen Vilhelmi Karapetyan (Armenian: Կարեն Վիլհելմի Կարապետյան, Karen Vilhelmi Karapetyan; born 14 August 1963) is an Armenian politician who was Prime Minister of Armenia from September 2016 until April 2018. He was previously Mayor of Yerevan, the capital, from 2010 to 2011.

Karapetyan was chief executive of the Armenian-Russian joint venture ArmRosGazprom beginning in 2001. He became Mayor of Yerevan on 17 December 2010 after receiving overwhelming support from the municipal assembly. He succeeded Gagik Beglaryan, a controversial mayor who resigned in early December 2010 after being embroiled in a high-profile scandal with the presidential administration of Serzh Sargsyan.

Karapetyan resigned as Mayor on 28 October 2011 and in November 2011 Taron Margaryan was elected mayor in his place. After his resignation, he returned to Russia to continue working for Gazprom. He was appointed as Prime Minister by President Serzh Sargsyan on 13 September 2016 and held office until 9 April 2018. Karapetyan served as First Deputy Prime Minister since 17 April 2018, when he was appointed Acting Prime Minister following the resignation of Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan.

Khosrov Harutyunyan

Khosrov Meliki Harutyunyan (Armenian: Խոսրով Մելիքի Հարությունյան, May 30, 1948) served as the Prime Minister of Armenia from 30 July 1992 until 2 February 1993.

Leonard Petrosyan

Leonard Petrosyan (Armenian: Լեոնարդ Պետրոսյան; 13 October 1953 – 27 October 1999) was the second President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic for almost 6 months (20 March 1997 to 8 September 1997). He also served as Prime Minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from December 1994 to June 1998. He was killed in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting while serving as Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia.

Mher Grigoryan

Mher Grigoryan (Armenian: Մհեր Գրիգորյան; born 15 February 1972) is an Armenian politician and the Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia.

My Step Alliance

The My Step Alliance (Armenian: «Իմ Քայլը» դաշինք; Im Kaylə dashink’) is a political alliance formed by the Civil Contract party, the Mission Party and various independent representatives of civil society. It was formed in August 2018, before the Yerevan City Council election, 2018. The leader of the alliance is the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan.

Robert Kocharyan

Robert Kocharyan (Armenian: Ռոբերտ Սեդրակի Քոչարյան pronounced [ɾɔbɛɾt kʰɔtʃʰɑɾjɑn]; born 31 August 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008. He was previously President of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998. He was arrested on December 7, 2018.

During most of his presidency, between 2001 and 2007, Armenia's economy grew on average by 12% annually, largely due to the construction boom. His presidency witnessed two of the bloodiest events in post-independence Armenian history: the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting and the killing of ten people during the 2008 presidential election protests. He has been held responsible for both events by the opposition, especially by Armenia's first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan and his party.Both the 1998 and 2003 presidential elections were held in two rounds. They were disputed by the opposition candidates and criticized by international observers. Kocharyan and his family amassed a fortune and extensive business interests worth hundreds of millions of dollars if not billions during his time in office.

On July 26, 2018 the Special Investigative Service (SIS) of Armenia charged Kocharian with “overthrowing constitutional order of Armenia” during the final weeks of his rule. The SIS asked a Yerevan court to remand him in pre-trial custody. On July 27, 2018 he was arrested. On August 13, 2018 Kocharyan was freed from custody following a court ruling, but remained accused of the charges he was arrested for. On December 7, 2018 Kocharyan was arrested again following another ruling by the Court of Appeals. Armenia's Criminal Court of Appeal refused to release him from custody on February 7, 2019. Kocharyan‘s trial began on May 13, 2019. On May 18, 2019 Kocharyan was freed on bail from pre-trial detention.

Serzh Sargsyan

Serzh Sargsyan (Armenian: Սերժ Սարգսյան, pronounced [sɛɾʒ sɑɾkʰəsˈjɑn]; born 30 June 1954) is an Armenian politician who served twice as the Prime Minister of Armenia and was the third President of Armenia, from 2008 to 2018. He won the February 2008 presidential election with the backing of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia, a party in which he serves as chairman, and took office in April 2008. On 18 February 2013, he was re-elected as president and served the entire term.

Despite pledging in 2014 not to become Prime Minister again while supporting an amendment of the constitution in 2015 that would allow it, Sargsyan was again elected Prime Minister of Armenia in April 2018, in what opposition figures described as a "power grab". Six days after taking office, Sargsyan resigned after large-scale protests. Sargsyan is currently the leader of the Republican Party, which from 1995 to 2018 held a majority in Armenia's National Assembly.

Tigran Avinyan

Tigran Avinyan (Armenian: Տիգրան Ավինյան; born 28 February 1989) is an Armenian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia and former member of the Yerevan City Council from the list of Way Out Alliance (YELK). He is a founding member of the Civil Contract Party. In May 2018, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister under Nikol Pashinyan's new administration

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