Press Freedom Index

The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year. It intends to reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news organisations, and netizens have in each country, and the efforts made by authorities to respect this freedom. Reporters Without Borders is careful to note that the index only deals with press freedom and does not measure the quality of journalism nor does it look at human rights violations in general.[2]

The report is partly based on a questionnaire[3] which asks questions about pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and infrastructure. The questionnaire takes account of the legal framework for the media (including penalties for press offences, the existence of a state monopoly for certain kinds of media and how the media are regulated) and the level of independence of the public media. It also includes violations of the free flow of information on the Internet. Violence against journalists, netizens, and media assistants, including abuses attributable to the state, armed militias, clandestine organisations or pressure groups, are monitored by RSF staff during the year and are also part of the final score. A smaller score on the report corresponds to greater freedom of the press as reported by the organisation. The questionnaire is sent to Reporters Without Borders's partner organisations: 18 freedom of expression non-governmental organisations located in five continents, its 150 correspondents around the world and journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists.[2]

Based on the data collected, a score and a position or rank, complementary indicators that together assess the state of media freedom are assigned to each country in the final report. Some countries are excluded from the report because of a lack of reliable or confirmed information. Because the questions and calculations upon which the scores are based have changed over the years, scores are only used to compare countries within a given year. To follow a country’s evolution from year to year its rank in the index is compared rather than its score.

Each report intends to reflect the situation during a specific period. The year of the report is the year the report was released and intends to reflect events in the prior year. No report was released in 2011. The 2011–2012 report, labelled 2012 in the table below, was published on 20 January, 2012, and intends to reflect events between 1 December, 2010, and 30 November, 2011. The 2013 World Press Freedom Index was published on 30 January, 2013, and intends to reflect events between 1 December, 2011, and 30 November, 2012.

Press freedom 2018
2018 Press Freedom Index[1]
  Good situation
  Satisfactory situation
  Noticeable problems
  Difficult situation
  Very serious situation
  Not classified / No data

Rankings and scores by country

Data for each year are presented as a country's rank, giving its position relative to other countries over its score. A smaller score on the report corresponds to greater freedom of the press as reported by the organisation. In 2012 the smallest scores could be negative.

Although the map above uses five colours the table below uses seven, and so some countries (e.g. Canada) will be coloured differently.

Color key:

Most free →                 → Least free
Country 2018
[4]
2017
[5]
2016
[6]
2015
[7]
2014
[8]
2013
[9]
2012
[a][10]
2010
[11]
2009
[12]
2008
[13]
2007
[14]
2006
[15]
2005
[16]
2004
[17]
2003
[18]
2002
[19]
 Norway (001)
7.63
(001)
7.6
(003)
8.79
(002)
7.75
(003)
6.52
(003)
6.52
(001)
-10.00
(001)
0.00
(001)
0.00
(001)
1.50
(001)
0.75
(006)
2.00
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
 Sweden (002)
8.31
(002)
8.27
(008)
12.33
(005)
9.47
(010)
8.98
(010)
9.23
(012)
-5.50
(001)
0.00
(001)
0.00
(007)
3.00
(005)
1.50
(014)
4.00
(012)
2.00
(011)
2.00
(009)
1.50
(007)
1.50
 Netherlands (003)
10.01
(005)
11.28
(002)
8.76
(004)
9.22
(002)
6.46
(002)
6.48
(003)
-9.00
(001)
0.00
(007)
1.00
(016)
4.00
(012)
3.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
 Finland (004)
10.26
(003)
8.92
(001)
8.59
(001)
7.52
(001)
6.40
(001)
6.38
(001)
-10.00
(001)
0.00
(001)
0.00
(004)
2.00
(005)
1.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
  Switzerland (005)
11.27
(007)
12.13
(007)
11.76
(020)
13.85
(015)
10.47
(014)
9.94
(008)
-6.20
(001)
0.00
(007)
1.00
(007)
3.00
(011)
3.00
(008)
2.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(012)
2.50
(015)
4.25
 Jamaica (006)
11.33
(008)
12.73
(010)
12.45
(009)
11.18
(017)
10.90
(013)
9.88
(016)
-3.00
(025)
7.67
(023)
4.75
(021)
4.88
(027)
8.63
(023)
5.50
(034)
7.50
(024)
4.17
(021)
3.33
N/A
 Belgium (007)
13.16
(009)
12.75
(013)
14.18
(015)
11.98
(023)
12.80
(021)
12.94
(020)
-2.00
(014)
4.00
(011)
2.50
(007)
3.00
(005)
1.50
(014)
4.00
(018)
4.00
(022)
4.00
(007)
1.17
(012)
3.50
 New Zealand (008)
13.62
(013)
13.98
(005)
10.01
(006)
10.06
(009)
8.55
(008)
8.38
(013)
-5.33
(008)
1.50
(013)
3.00
(007)
3.00
(015)
4.17
(019)
5.00
(012)
2.00
(009)
0.67
(017)
2.83
N/A
 Denmark (009)
13.99
(004)
10.36
(004)
8.89
(003)
8.24
(007)
7.43
(006)
7.08
(010)
-5.67
(011)
2.50
(001)
0.00
(014)
3.50
(008)
2.00
(019)
5.00
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(005)
1.00
(010)
3.00
 Costa Rica (010)
14.01
(006)
11.93
(006)
11.10
(016)
12.26
(021)
12.23
(018)
12.08
(019)
-2.25
(029)
8.08
(030)
8.00
(022)
5.10
(021)
6.50
(029)
6.67
(041)
8.50
(035)
7.63
(024)
3.83
(015)
4.25
 Austria (011)
14.04
(011)
13.47
(011)
13.18
(007)
10.85
(012)
10.01
(012)
9.40
(005)
-8.00
(007)
0.50
(013)
3.00
(014)
3.50
(016)
4.25
(016)
4.50
(016)
2.50
(017)
3.25
(016)
2.75
(026)
7.50
 Estonia (012)
14.08
(012)
13.55
(014)
14.31
(010)
11.19
(011)
9.63
(011)
9.26
(003)
-9.00
(009)
2.00
(006)
0.50
(004)
2.00
(003)
1.00
(006)
2.00
(011)
1.50
(011)
2.00
(012)
2.50
N/A
 Iceland (013)
14.10
(010)
13.03
(019)
15.30
(021)
13.87
(008)
8.50
(009)
8.49
(006)
-7.00
(001)
0.00
(009)
2.00
(001)
1.50
(001)
0.75
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
 Portugal (014)
14.17
(018)
15.77
(023)
17.27
(026)
17.11
(030)
17.73
(028)
16.75
(033)
5.33
(040)
12.36
(030)
8.00
(016)
4.00
(008)
2.00
(010)
3.00
(023)
4.83
(025)
4.50
(028)
5.17
(007)
1.50
 Germany (015)
14.39
(016)
14.97
(016)
14.80
(012)
11.47
(014)
10.23
(017)
10.24
(016)
-3.00
(017)
4.25
(018)
3.50
(020)
4.50
(020)
5.75
(023)
5.50
(018)
4.00
(011)
2.00
(008)
1.33
(007)
1.50
 Ireland (016)
14.59
(014)
14.08
(009)
12.40
(011)
11.20
(016)
10.87
(015)
10.06
(015)
-4.00
(009)
2.00
(001)
0.00
(004)
2.00
(008)
2.00
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(001)
0.50
(017)
2.83
(006)
1.00
 Luxembourg (017)
14.72
(015)
14.72
(015)
14.43
(019)
13.61
(004)
6.70
(004)
6.68
(006)
-7.00
(014)
4.00
(020)
4.00
(001)
1.50
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Canada (018)
15.28
(022)
16.53
(018)
15.26
(008)
10.99
(018)
10.99
(020)
12.69
(010)
-5.67
(021)
7.00
(019)
3.70
(013)
3.33
(018)
4.88
(016)
4.50
(021)
4.50
(018)
3.33
(010)
1.83
(005)
0.75
 Australia (019)
15.46
(019)
16.02
(025)
17.84
(025)
17.03
(028)
16.91
(026)
15.24
(030)
4.00
(018)
5.38
(016)
3.13
(028)
6.25
(028)
8.79
(035)
9.00
(031)
6.50
(041)
9.50
(050)
9.25
(012)
3.50
 Uruguay (020)
15.56
(025)
17.43
(020)
15.88
(023)
15.94
(026)
16.08
(027)
15.92
(032)
4.25
(037)
11.75
(029)
7.63
(043)
8.33
(037)
11.75
(057)
13.75
(046)
9.75
(042)
10.00
(025)
4.00
(021)
6.00
 Suriname (021)
16.44
(020)
16.07
(022)
16.70
(029)
18.20
(031)
18.20
(031)
18.19
(022)
-1.00
(035)
11.50
(042)
10.60
(026)
6.00
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 American Samoa (022)
16.69
(021)
16.41
(029)
18.80
(040)
22.32
(040)
22.02
(048)
23.84
(054)
17.00
(111)
33.00
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Ghana (023)
18.41
(026)
17.95
(026)
17.95
(022)
15.50
(027)
16.29
(030)
17.27
(041)
11.00
(026)
8.00
(027)
6.00
(031)
7.50
(029)
9.00
(034)
8.50
(066)
15.00
(057)
13.50
(048)
8.75
(067)
23.00
 Latvia (024)
19.63
(028)
18.62
(024)
17.38
(028)
18.12
(037)
21.10
(039)
22.89
(050)
15.00
(030)
8.50
(013)
3.00
(007)
3.00
(012)
3.50
(010)
3.00
(016)
2.50
(010)
1.00
(011)
2.25
N/A
 Cyprus (025)
19.85
(030)
19.79
(027)
18.26
(024)
16.52[b]
(025)
14.45
(024)
13.83
(016)
-3.00
(045)
13.40
(025)
5.50
(031)
7.50
(045)
14.00
(030)
7.50
(025)
5.50
(081)
22.00
(083)
20.83
N/A
 Namibia (026)
20.24
(024)
17.08
(017)
15.15
(017)
12.50
(022)
12.50
(019)
12.50
(020)
-2.00
(021)
7.00
(035)
9.00
(023)
5.50
(025)
8.50
(026)
6.00
(025)
5.50
(042)
10.00
(056)
11.00
(031)
8.00
 Slovakia (027)
20.26
(017)
15.51
(012)
13.26
(014)
11.66
(020)
11.39
(023)
13.25
(025)
0.00
(035)
11.50
(044)
11.00
(007)
3.00
(003)
1.00
(008)
2.50
(008)
0.75
(001)
0.50
(012)
2.50
N/A
 South Africa (028)
20.39
(031)
20.12
(039)
21.92
(039)
22.06
(042)
23.19
(052)
24.56
(042)
12.00
(038)
12.00
(033)
8.50
(036)
8.00
(043)
13.00
(044)
11.25
(031)
6.50
(026)
5.00
(021)
3.33
(026)
7.50
 Cape Verde (029)
20.39
(027)
18.02
(032)
19.82
(036)
20.69
(024)
14.32
(025)
14.33
(009)
-6.00
(026)
8.00
(044)
11.00
(036)
8.00
(045)
14.00
(045)
11.50
(029)
6.00
(038)
8.75
(047)
8.25
(046)
13.75
 Liechtenstein (030)
20.49
(032)
20.31
(028)
18.36
(027)
17.67
(006)
7.02
(007)
7.35
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Spain (031)
20.51
(029)
18.69
(034)
19.92
(033)
19.95
(035)
20.63
(036)
20.50
(039)
9.75
(039)
12.25
(044)
11.00
(036)
8.00
(033)
10.25
(041)
10.00
(040)
8.33
(039)
9.00
(042)
7.67
(029)
7.75
 Slovenia (032)
21.69
(037)
21.7
(040)
22.26
(035)
20.55
(034)
20.38
(035)
20.49
(036)
9.14
(046)
13.44
(037)
9.50
(030)
7.33
(021)
6.50
(010)
3.00
(009)
1.00
(015)
2.25
(020)
3.00
(014)
4.00
 France (033)
21.87
(039)
22.24
(045)
23.83
(038)
21.15
(039)
21.89
(037)
21.60
(038)
9.50
(044)
13.38
(043)
10.67
(035)
7.67
(031)
9.75
(035)
9.00
(030)
6.25
(019)
3.50
(026)
4.17
(011)
3.25
 Czech Republic (034)
21.89
(023)
16.91
(021)
16.66
(013)
11.62
(013)
10.07
(016)
10.17
(014)
-5.00
(023)
7.50
(024)
5.00
(016)
4.00
(014)
4.00
(005)
0.75
(009)
1.00
(019)
3.50
(012)
2.50
(041)
11.25
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (035)
22.11
(038)
22.1
(030)
18.91
N/A (036)
20.81
(034)
19.72
(025)
0.00
(057)
16.50
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Lithuania (036)
22.20
(036)
21.37
(035)
19.95
(031)
18.80
(032)
19.20
(033)
18.24
(030)
4.00
(011)
2.50
(010)
2.25
(016)
4.00
(023)
7.00
(027)
6.50
(021)
4.50
(016)
3.00
(017)
2.83
N/A
 Andorra (037)
22.21
(035)
21.03
(033)
19.87
(032)
19.87
(005)
6.82
(005)
6.82
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Chile (038)
22.69
(033)
20.53
(031)
19.23
(043)
23.00
(058)
25.80
(060)
26.24
(080)
29.00
(033)
10.50
(039)
10.50
(056)
11.50
(039)
12.13
(049)
11.63
(050)
11.75
(042)
10.00
(037)
6.83
(024)
6.50
 Trinidad and Tobago (039)
22.79
(034)
20.62
(044)
23.29
(041)
22.39
(043)
23.28
(044)
23.12
(050)
15.00
(030)
8.50
(028)
7.00
(027)
6.13
(019)
5.00
(019)
5.00
(012)
2.00
(011)
2.00
(005)
1.00
N/A
 United Kingdom (040)
23.25
(040)
22.26
(038)
21.70
(034)
20.00
(033)
19.93
(029)
16.89
(028)
2.00
(019)
6.00
(020)
4.00
(023)
5.50
(024)
8.25
(027)
6.50
(024)
5.17
(028)
6.00
(027)
4.25
(021)
6.00
 Burkina Faso (041)
23.33
(042)
23.85
(042)
22.66
(046)
23.79
(052)
24.45
(046)
23.70
(068)
23.33
(049)
15.00
(057)
15.00
(063)
13.00
(068)
21.50
(070)
16.00
(078)
19.00
(064)
16.25
(076)
18.00
(085)
27.75
 Taiwan (042)
23.36
(045)
24.37
(051)
24.37
(051)
24.83
(050)
23.82
(047)
23.82
(045)
13.00
(048)
14.50
(059)
15.08
(036)
8.00
(032)
10.00
(043)
10.50
(051)
12.25
(060)
14.25
(061)
12.00
(035)
9.00
 South Korea (043)
23.51
(063)
27.61
(070)
28.58
(060)
26.55
(057)
25.66
(050)
24.48
(044)
12.67
(042)
13.33
(069)
15.67
(047)
9.00
(039)
12.13
(031)
7.75
(034)
7.50
(048)
11.13
(049)
9.17
(039)
10.50
 Romania (044)
23.65
(046)
24.46
(049)
24.29
(052)
24.90
(045)
23.48
(042)
23.05
(047)
14.00
(052)
16.00
(050)
12.50
(047)
9.00
(042)
12.75
(058)
14.00
(070)
16.17
(070)
17.83
(059)
11.50
(045)
13.25
 United States[c] (045)
23.73
(043)
23.88
(041)
22.49
(049)
24.41
(046)
23.49
(032)
18.22
(047)
14.00
(020)
6.75
(020)
4.00
(036)
8.00
(048)
14.50
(053)
13.00
(044)
9.50
(022)
4.00
(031)
6.00
(017)
4.75
 Italy (046)
24.12
(052)
26.26
(077)
28.93
(073)
27.94
(049)
23.75
(057)
26.11
(061)
19.67
(049)
15.00
(049)
12.14
(044)
8.42
(035)
11.25
(040)
9.90
(042)
8.67
(039)
9.00
(053)
9.75
(040)
11.00
 Belize (047)
24.55
(041)
23.43
(036)
20.61
(030)
18.54
(029)
17.05
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Botswana (048)
25.29
(048)
24.93
(043)
22.91
(042)
22.91
(041)
22.91
(040)
22.91
(042)
12.00
(062)
17.50
(062)
15.50
(066)
14.00
(075)
23.50
(053)
13.00
(060)
14.00
(050)
11.50
(062)
13.00
N/A
 Comoros (049)
25.30
(044)
24.33
(050)
24.33
(050)
24.52
(053)
24.52
(051)
24.52
(045)
13.00
(070)
19.00
(082)
19.00
(089)
20.00
(096)
28.00
(093)
22.50
(088)
22.00
(091)
26.50
(079)
18.50
(058)
20.50
 Senegal (050)
25.61
(058)
26.72
(065)
27.99
(071)
27.77
(062)
26.68
(059)
26.19
(075)
26.00
(093)
25.00
(089)
22.00
(086)
19.00
(083)
25.00
(077)
17.50
(078)
19.00
(080)
21.50
(066)
14.50
(047)
14.00
 Tonga (051)
25.68
(049)
24.97
(037)
21.24
(044)
23.37
(063)
26.70
(066)
26.70
(063)
21.00
(087)
23.75
N/A (082)
18.00
(119)
38.25
(053)
13.00
(063)
14.50
(119)
38.17
N/A N/A
 Argentina (052)
26.05
(050)
25.07
(054)
25.09
(057)
26.11
(055)
25.27
(054)
25.67
(047)
14.00
(055)
16.35
(047)
11.33
(068)
14.08
(082)
24.83
(076)
17.30
(059)
13.67
(079)
21.33
(067)
15.17
(042)
12.00
 Papua New Guinea (053)
26.19
(051)
25.07
(055)
25.81
(056)
25.87
(044)
23.46
(041)
22.97
(035)
9.00
(042)
13.33
(056)
14.70
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Madagascar (054)
26.20
(057)
26.71
(056)
27.04
(064)
27.43
(081)
29.38
(088)
28.62
(084)
29.50
(116)
34.88
(134)
45.83
(094)
21.00
(061)
20.00
(066)
15.00
(097)
24.50
(072)
18.50
(046)
8.17
(065)
22.75
 Guyana (055)
26.25
(060)
26.8
(057)
27.07
(062)
27.21
(067)
27.08
(069)
27.08
(058)
19.50
(059)
16.63
(039)
10.50
(088)
19.75
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Mauritius (056)
26.45
(056)
26.67
(061)
27.69
(068)
27.69
(070)
27.69
(062)
26.47
(054)
17.00
(065)
18.00
(051)
14.00
(047)
9.00
(025)
8.50
(032)
8.00
(034)
7.50
(046)
10.50
(041)
7.25
(036)
9.50
 Fiji (057)
26.55
(067)
28.64
(080)
29.37
(093)
31.28
(107)
32.57
(107)
32.69
(117)
55.00
(149)
52.75
(152)
60.00
(079)
16.00
(107)
33.50
(058)
14.00
(060)
14.00
(063)
16.00
(059)
11.50
N/A
 Poland (058)
26.59
(054)
26.47
(047)
23.89
(018)
12.71
(019)
11.03
(022)
13.11
(024)
-0.67
(032)
8.88
(037)
9.50
(047)
9.00
(056)
18.50
(058)
14.00
(053)
12.50
(032)
6.83
(033)
6.17
(029)
7.75
 Dominican Republic (059)
26.79
(059)
26.76
(062)
27.90
(063)
27.31
(068)
27.17
(080)
28.34
(095)
33.25
(097)
26.13
(098)
26.83
(082)
18.00
(072)
22.75
(052)
12.75
(051)
12.25
(031)
6.75
(072)
17.00
N/A
 Haiti (060)
26.82
(053)
26.36
(053)
24.66
(053)
25.08
(047)
23.53
(049)
24.09
(052)
15.67
(056)
16.38
(057)
15.00
(073)
15.13
(075)
23.50
(087)
19.50
(117)
33.50
(125)
42.13
(100)
31.00
(106)
36.50
 Georgia (061)
27.34
(064)
27.76
(064)
27.96
(069)
27.70
(084)
29.78
(100)
30.09
(104)
38.00
(099)
27.00
(081)
18.83
(120)
31.25
(066)
20.83
(089)
21.00
(099)
25.17
(094)
27.50
(073)
17.33
N/A
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (062)
27.37
(065)
27.83
(068)
28.45
(066)
27.51
(066)
26.86
(068)
26.86
(058)
19.50
(047)
13.50
(039)
10.50
(036)
8.00
(034)
11.17
(019)
5.00
(033)
7.00
(021)
3.67
(037)
6.83
(043)
12.50
 Niger (063)
27.40
(061)
27.21
(052)
24.62
(047)
23.85
(048)
23.59
(043)
23.08
(029)
2.50
(104)
28.50
(139)
48.50
(130)
37.00
(087)
25.50
(095)
24.50
(057)
13.00
(071)
18.33
(068)
15.75
(053)
18.50
 Malawi (064)
27.43
(070)
28.97
(066)
28.12
(059)
26.41
(073)
28.29
(075)
28.18
(146)
68.00
(079)
21.00
(062)
15.50
(070)
15.00
(092)
26.75
(101)
25.50
(089)
22.75
(101)
31.00
(084)
21.00
(084)
27.67
 Malta (065)
27.44
(047)
24.76
(046)
23.84
(048)
24.16
(051)
23.84
(045)
23.30
(058)
19.50
(014)
4.00
(011)
2.50
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 El Salvador (066)
27.78
(062)
27.24
(058)
27.20
(045)
23.66
(038)
21.57
(038)
22.86
(037)
9.30
(051)
15.83
(079)
17.25
(062)
12.80
(064)
20.20
(041)
10.00
(028)
5.75
(028)
6.00
(037)
6.83
(033)
8.75
 Japan (067)
28.64
(072)
29.44
(072)
28.67
(061)
26.95
(059)
26.02
(053)
25.17
(022)
-1.00
(011)
2.50
(017)
3.25
(029)
6.50
(037)
11.75
(051)
12.50
(037)
8.00
(042)
10.00
(044)
8.00
(026)
7.50
 Lesotho (068)
28.78
(068)
28.78
(073)
28.78
(077)
28.36
(074)
28.36
(081)
28.36
(063)
21.00
(090)
24.00
(099)
27.50
(116)
29.50
(099)
29.50
(070)
16.00
(081)
19.50
(098)
29.50
(075)
17.75
N/A
 Croatia (069)
28.94
(074)
29.59
(063)
27.91
(058)
26.12
(065)
26.82
(064)
26.61
(068)
23.33
(062)
17.50
(078)
17.17
(045)
8.50
(041)
12.50
(053)
13.00
(056)
12.83
(054)
11.83
(069)
16.50
(033)
8.75
 Hong Kong (070)
29.04
(073)
29.46
(069)
28.50
(070)
27.76
(061)
26.55
(058)
26.16
(054)
17.00
(034)
10.75
(048)
11.75
(051)
9.75
(061)
20.00
(058)
14.00
(039)
8.25
(034)
7.50
(056)
11.00
(018)
4.83
 Mongolia (071)
29.05
(069)
28.95
(060)
27.61
(054)
25.25
(088)
30.30
(098)
29.93
(100)
35.75
(076)
19.42
(091)
23.33
(093)
20.83
(074)
23.40
(086)
19.25
(053)
12.50
(073)
19.00
(077)
18.25
(072)
24.50
 Mauritania (072)
29.09
(055)
26.49
(048)
24.03
(055)
25.27
(060)
26.53
(067)
26.76
(067)
22.20
(095)
25.38
(100)
28.50
(105)
23.88
(050)
15.50
(077)
17.50
(127)
40.00
(138)
51.00
(121)
36.67
(115)
41.33
 Hungary (073)
29.11
(071)
29.01
(067)
28.17
(065)
27.44
(064)
26.73
(056)
26.09
(040)
10.00
(023)
7.50
(025)
5.50
(023)
5.50
(017)
4.50
(010)
3.00
(012)
2.00
(028)
6.00
(021)
3.33
(024)
6.50
 Greece (074)
29.19
(088)
30.89
(089)
30.35
(091)
31.01
(099)
31.33
(084)
28.46
(070)
24.00
(070)
19.00
(035)
9.00
(031)
7.50
(030)
9.25
(032)
8.00
(018)
4.00
(033)
7.00
(031)
6.00
(019)
5.00
 Albania (075)
29.49
(076)
29.92
(082)
29.92
(082)
28.77
(085)
29.92
(102)
30.88
(096)
34.44
(080)
21.50
(088)
21.75
(079)
16.00
(087)
25.50
(080)
18.00
(062)
14.17
(050)
11.50
(034)
6.50
N/A
 Serbia[d] (076)
29.58
(066)
28.05
(059)
27.60
(067)
27.66
(054)
25.05
(063)
26.59
(080)
29.00
(085)
23.00
(062)
15.50
(064)
13.50
(067)
21.00
(045)
11.50
(065)
14.83
(077)
20.13
(085)
21.33
(060)
20.75
 Northern Cyprus[e] (077)
29.59
(075)
29.88
(081)
29.54
N/A (083)
29.54
(094)
29.34
(102)
37.00
(061)
17.25
(051)
14.00
(053)
10.00
(058)
19.00
(062)
14.50
(053)
12.50
(081)
22.00
(083)
20.83
N/A
 Kosovo[f] (078)
29.61
(082)
30.45
(090)
30.50
N/A (080)
29.29
(085)
28.47
(086)
30.00
(092)
24.83
(075)
16.58
(058)
12.00
(060)
19.75
(070)
16.00
(100)
25.75
(077)
20.13
(085)
21.33
(060)
20.75
 Sierra Leone (079)
29.98
(085)
30.73
(083)
29.94
(079)
28.47
(072)
28.23
(061)
26.35
(063)
21.00
(091)
24.25
(115)
34.00
(114)
27.75
(121)
39.50
(103)
26.00
(126)
39.50
(088)
24.50
(087)
23.50
(072)
24.50
 Armenia (080)
29.99
(079)
30.38
(074)
28.79
(078)
28.43
(078)
29.07
(074)
28.04
(077)
27.00
(101)
27.50
(111)
31.13
(102)
22.75
(077)
23.63
(101)
25.50
(102)
26.00
(083)
23.50
(090)
25.17
N/A
 Moldova (081)
30.01
(080)
30.41
(076)
28.83
(072)
27.85
(056)
25.35
(055)
26.01
(053)
16.00
(075)
19.13
(114)
33.75
(098)
21.38
(081)
24.75
(085)
19.17
(074)
17.50
(078)
20.50
(094)
27.00
N/A
 Ivory Coast (082)
30.08
(081)
30.42
(086)
30.17
(086)
30.45
(101)
31.63
(096)
29.77
(159)
83.50
(118)
36.00
(103)
29.00
(109)
26.50
(094)
27.00
(098)
25.00
(144)
52.25
(149)
60.38
(137)
42.17
(055)
19.00
 Guinea-Bissau (083)
30.09
(077)
30.09
(079)
29.03
(081)
28.70
(086)
30.05
(092)
28.94
(075)
26.00
(067)
18.25
(092)
23.50
(081)
16.33
(107)
33.50
(062)
14.50
(071)
17.00
(083)
23.50
(118)
35.25
(094)
30.25
 Benin (084)
30.16
(078)
30.32
(078)
28.97
(084)
29.24
(075)
28.83
(079)
28.33
(091)
31.00
(070)
19.00
(072)
16.00
(070)
15.00
(053)
17.00
(023)
5.50
(025)
5.50
(027)
5.50
(029)
5.25
(021)
6.00
 Seychelles (085)
30.17
(087)
30.86
(092)
30.60
(096)
31.55
(103)
31.68
(093)
29.19
(073)
25.00
(065)
18.00
(072)
16.00
(074)
15.50
(104)
33.00
(095)
24.50
(071)
17.00
(083)
23.50
(093)
26.75
(060)
20.75
 Togo (086)
30.23
(086)
30.75
(088)
30.31
(080)
28.50
(076)
29.00
(083)
28.45
(079)
28.50
(060)
17.00
(062)
15.50
(053)
10.00
(049)
15.17
(066)
15.00
(095)
23.75
(075)
19.50
(095)
27.50
(097)
31.50
 Israel[c] (087)
30.26
(091)
31.01
(101)
32.58
(101)
32.09
(096)
31.19
(112)
32.97
(092)
31.25
(086)
23.25
(093)
23.75
(046)
8.83
(044)
13.25
(050)
12.00
(047)
10.00
(036)
8.00
(044)
8.00
(092)
30.00
 Peru (088)
30.27
(090)
30.98
(084)
29.99
(092)
31.21
(104)
31.70
(105)
31.87
(115)
51.25
(109)
30.00
(085)
20.88
(108)
26.25
(117)
37.38
(112)
28.25
(116)
33.33
(123)
40.00
(055)
10.25
(036)
9.50
 Liberia (089)
30.33
(094)
31.12
(093)
30.71
(089)
30.78
(089)
30.65
(097)
29.89
(110)
40.50
(084)
22.50
(062)
15.50
(051)
9.75
(085)
25.33
(084)
19.00
(083)
20.50
(123)
40.00
(132)
40.00
(109)
37.75
 Nicaragua (090)
30.41
(092)
31.01
(075)
28.82
(074)
27.94
(071)
27.70
(078)
28.31
(072)
24.33
(083)
22.33
(076)
16.75
(059)
12.50
(047)
14.25
(069)
15.50
(068)
15.25
(052)
11.67
(034)
6.50
N/A
 Panama (091)
30.56
(096)
32.12
(091)
30.59
(083)
28.98
(087)
30.20
(111)
32.95
(113)
45.67
(081)
21.83
(055)
14.50
(057)
11.83
(054)
17.88
(039)
9.50
(066)
15.00
(061)
14.50
(053)
9.75
(049)
15.50
 Ecuador (092)
30.56
(105)
33.64
(109)
33.21
(108)
33.65
(095)
31.16
(119)
34.69
(104)
38.00
(101)
27.50
(084)
20.00
(074)
15.50
(056)
18.50
(068)
15.25
(087)
21.75
(066)
16.50
(042)
7.67
(020)
5.50
 Tanzania (093)
30.65
(083)
30.65
(071)
28.65
(075)
28.09
(069)
27.30
(070)
27.34
(034)
6.00
(041)
13.00
(062)
15.50
(070)
15.00
(055)
18.00
(088)
19.82
(074)
17.50
(061)
14.50
(069)
16.50
(062)
21.25
 Bhutan (094)
30.73
(084)
30.73
(094)
30.73
(104)
32.65
(092)
30.73
(082)
28.42
(070)
24.00
(064)
17.75
(070)
15.75
(074)
15.50
(116)
37.17
(098)
25.00
(142)
51.50
(146)
55.83
(157)
77.33
(135)
90.75
 Timor-Leste (095)
30.81
(098)
32.82
(099)
32.02
(103)
32.63
(077)
29.04
(090)
28.72
(086)
30.00
(093)
25.00
(072)
16.00
(065)
13.75
(094)
27.00
(083)
18.50
(058)
13.50
(057)
13.50
(030)
5.50
N/A
 Kenya (096)
30.82
(095)
31.2
(095)
31.16
(100)
32.07
(090)
30.70
(071)
27.80
(084)
29.50
(070)
19.00
(096)
25.00
(097)
21.25
(078)
23.75
(118)
30.25
(109)
30.00
(082)
22.25
(079)
18.50
(075)
24.75
 Tunisia (097)
30.91
(097)
32.22
(096)
31.60
(126)
38.68
(133)
38.69
(138)
39.93
(134)
60.25
(164)
72.50
(154)
61.50
(143)
48.10
(145)
57.00
(148)
53.75
(147)
57.50
(152)
62.67
(149)
50.83
(128)
67.75
 Kyrgyzstan (098)
31
(089)
30.92
(085)
30.16
(088)
30.69
(097)
31.24
(106)
32.20
(108)
40.00
(159)
63.00
(125)
40.00
(111)
27.00
(110)
33.60
(123)
34.00
(111)
32.00
(107)
35.25
(104)
32.00
(098)
31.75
 Mozambique (099)
31.12
(093)
31.05
(087)
30.25
(085)
29.98
(079)
29.26
(073)
28.01
(066)
21.50
(098)
26.50
(082)
19.00
(090)
20.50
(073)
23.00
(045)
11.50
(049)
10.50
(064)
16.25
(063)
14.00
(070)
23.50
 Lebanon (100)
31.15
(099)
33.01
(098)
31.95
(098)
31.81
(106)
31.89
(101)
30.15
(093)
31.50
(078)
20.50
(061)
15.42
(066)
14.00
(098)
28.75
(107)
27.00
(108)
28.25
(087)
24.38
(106)
32.50
(056)
19.67
 Ukraine (101)
31.16
(102)
33.19
(107)
32.93
(129)
39.10
(127)
36.93
(126)
36.79
(116)
54.00
(131)
46.83
(089)
22.00
(087)
19.25
(092)
26.75
(105)
26.50
(112)
32.50
(138)
51.00
(132)
40.00
(112)
40.00
 Brazil (102)
31.20
(103)
33.58
(104)
32.62
(099)
31.93
(111)
34.03
(108)
32.75
(099)
35.33
(058)
16.60
(071)
15.88
(082)
18.00
(084)
25.25
(075)
17.17
(063)
14.50
(066)
16.50
(071)
16.75
(054)
18.75
 Montenegro[d] (103)
31.21
(106)
33.65
(106)
32.79
(114)
34.63
(114)
34.78
(113)
32.97
(107)
39.00
(104)
28.50
(077)
17.00
(053)
10.00
(058)
19.00
(045)
11.50
(065)
14.83
(077)
20.13
(085)
21.33
(060)
20.75
 Guinea (104)
31.90
(101)
33.15
(108)
33.08
(102)
32.56
(102)
31.67
(086)
28.49
(086)
30.00
(113)
33.50
(100)
28.50
(099)
21.50
(107)
33.50
(109)
27.50
(102)
26.00
(088)
24.50
(109)
33.17
(079)
26.00
 Kuwait (105)
31.91
(104)
33.61
(103)
32.59
(090)
30.84
(091)
30.71
(077)
28.28
(078)
28.00
(087)
23.75
(060)
15.25
(061)
12.63
(063)
20.17
(073)
17.00
(085)
21.25
(103)
31.67
(102)
31.33
(078)
25.50
   Nepal (106)
32.05
(100)
33.02
(105)
32.62
(105)
32.71
(120)
36.16
(118)
34.61
(106)
38.75
(119)
36.38
(118)
35.63
(138)
43.25
(137)
53.75
(159)
73.50
(160)
86.75
(160)
84.00
(150)
51.50
(127)
63.00
 Paraguay (107)
32.32
(110)
35.64
(111)
33.63
(109)
33.74
(105)
31.81
(091)
28.78
(080)
29.00
(054)
16.25
(054)
14.33
(090)
20.50
(090)
26.10
(082)
18.25
(069)
15.50
(046)
10.50
(040)
7.17
(032)
8.50
 Gabon (108)
32.37
(108)
34.83
(100)
32.20
(095)
31.38
(098)
31.32
(089)
28.69
(101)
36.50
(107)
28.75
(129)
43.50
(110)
26.75
(102)
31.50
(114)
28.50
(102)
26.00
(115)
37.50
(101)
31.25
(058)
20.50
 Macedonia (109)
32.43
(111)
35.74
(118)
36.09
(117)
36.26
(123)
36.43
(116)
34.27
(094)
31.67
(068)
18.40
(034)
8.75
(042)
8.25
(036)
11.50
(045)
11.50
(043)
8.75
(049)
11.25
(051)
9.67
N/A
 Bolivia (110)
32.45
(107)
33.88
(097)
31.78
(094)
31.29
(094)
31.04
(109)
32.80
(108)
40.00
(103)
28.13
(095)
24.17
(115)
28.20
(068)
21.50
(016)
4.50
(045)
9.67
(076)
20.00
(051)
9.67
(048)
14.50
 Bulgaria (111)
35.22
(109)
35.01
(113)
34.46
(106)
32.91
(100)
31.42
(087)
28.58
(080)
29.00
(070)
19.00
(068)
15.61
(059)
12.50
(051)
16.25
(035)
9.00
(048)
10.25
(036)
8.00
(034)
6.50
(038)
9.75
 Central African Republic (112)
35.25
(113)
36.12
(110)
33.60
(110)
33.84
(109)
33.13
(065)
26.61
(062)
20.00
(069)
18.50
(080)
17.75
(085)
18.50
(071)
22.50
(062)
14.50
(082)
19.75
(104)
32.50
(107)
32.75
(063)
21.50
 Zambia (113)
35.36
(114)
36.48
(114)
35.08
(113)
34.35
(093)
30.89
(072)
27.93
(086)
30.00
(082)
22.00
(097)
26.75
(074)
15.50
(068)
21.50
(093)
22.50
(090)
23.00
(100)
29.75
(086)
23.25
(081)
26.75
 Congo (114)
35.42
(115)
36.73
(115)
35.84
(107)
33
(082)
29.44
(076)
28.20
(090)
30.38
(114)
33.60
(116)
34.75
(092)
20.75
(080)
24.50
(073)
17.00
(071)
17.00
(069)
17.50
(063)
14.00
(069)
23.17
 Mali (115)
36.15
(116)
38.27
(122)
39.83
(118)
36.33
(122)
36.29
(099)
30.03
(025)
0.00
(026)
8.00
(030)
8.00
(031)
7.50
(052)
16.50
(035)
9.00
(037)
8.00
(056)
12.83
(056)
11.00
(043)
12.50
 Guatemala (116)
36.17
(118)
39.33
(121)
38.03
(124)
37.92
(125)
36.61
(095)
29.39
(097)
35.00
(077)
20.25
(106)
29.50
(101)
22.64
(104)
33.00
(090)
21.25
(086)
21.50
(066)
16.50
(099)
30.83
(083)
27.25
 Uganda (117)
35.77
(112)
35.94
(102)
32.58
(097)
31.65
(110)
33.29
(104)
31.69
(139)
64.00
(096)
25.50
(086)
21.50
(107)
26.00
(096)
28.00
(116)
29.83
(080)
19.25
(086)
24.00
(091)
25.75
(052)
17.00
 Afghanistan (118)
37.28
(120)
39.46
(120)
37.75
(122)
37.44
(128)
37.07
(128)
37.36
(150)
74.00
(147)
51.67
(149)
54.25
(156)
59.25
(142)
56.50
(130)
44.25
(125)
39.17
(097)
28.25
(134)
40.17
(104)
35.50
 Nigeria (119)
37.41
(122)
39.69
(116)
35.90
(111)
34.09
(112)
34.24
(115)
34.11
(126)
56.40
(145)
51.50
(135)
46.00
(131)
37.75
(131)
49.83
(120)
32.23
(123)
38.75
(117)
37.75
(103)
31.50
(049)
15.50
 Maldives (120)
37.95
(117)
39.3
(112)
34.17
(112)
34.32
(108)
33.11
(103)
31.10
(073)
25.00
(052)
16.00
(051)
14.00
(104)
23.25
(129)
45.17
(144)
51.25
(148)
58.50
(157)
69.17
(145)
47.50
N/A
 Angola (121)
38.36
(125)
40.42
(123)
39.89
(123)
37.84
(124)
36.50
(130)
37.80
(132)
58.43
(104)
28.50
(119)
36.50
(116)
29.50
(091)
26.50
(091)
21.50
(076)
18.00
(091)
26.50
(097)
28.00
(093)
30.17
 Gambia (122)
38.36
(143)
46.7
(145)
46.53
(151)
44.50
(155)
46.42
(152)
45.09
(141)
65.50
(125)
40.50
(137)
48.25
(137)
42.75
(130)
48.25
(149)
54.00
(130)
41.00
(098)
29.50
(077)
18.25
(064)
22.50
 Chad (123)
38.45
(121)
39.66
(127)
40.59
(135)
40.17
(139)
40.22
(121)
34.87
(103)
37.67
(112)
33.17
(132)
44.50
(133)
41.25
(113)
36.50
(124)
35.50
(109)
30.00
(106)
33.25
(088)
24.00
(087)
28.75
 Indonesia (124)
39.68
(124)
39.93
(130)
41.72
(138)
40.75
(132)
38.15
(139)
41.05
(146)
68.00
(117)
35.83
(100)
28.50
(111)
27.00
(100)
30.50
(103)
26.00
(102)
26.00
(117)
37.75
(110)
34.25
(057)
20.00
 Qatar (125)
40.16
(123)
39.83
(117)
35.97
(115)
35.35
(113)
34.32
(110)
32.86
(114)
46.00
(121)
38.00
(094)
24.00
(074)
15.50
(079)
24.00
(080)
18.00
(090)
23.00
(104)
32.50
(115)
35.00
N/A
 Zimbabwe (126)
40.53
(128)
41.44
(124)
40.41
(131)
39.19
(135)
39.19
(133)
38.12
(117)
55.00
(123)
39.50
(136)
46.50
(151)
54.00
(149)
62.00
(140)
50.00
(153)
64.25
(155)
67.50
(141)
45.50
(122)
48.25
 Oman (127)
40.67
(126)
40.46
(125)
40.43
(127)
38.83
(134)
38.83
(141)
41.51
(117)
55.00
(124)
40.25
(106)
29.50
(123)
32.67
N/A N/A N/A N/A (152)
57.75
N/A
 United Arab Emirates (128)
40.86
(119)
39.39
(119)
36.73
(120)
36.73
(118)
36.03
(114)
33.49
(112)
45.00
(087)
23.75
(086)
21.50
(069)
14.50
(065)
20.25
(077)
17.50
(100)
25.75
(137)
50.25
(122)
37.00
N/A
 Cameroon (129)
40.92
(130)
41.59
(126)
40.53
(133)
39.63
(131)
38.13
(120)
34.78
(097)
35.00
(129)
44.30
(109)
30.50
(129)
36.90
(111)
36.00
(112)
28.25
(083)
20.50
(093)
27.00
(098)
30.50
(088)
28.83
 Colombia (130)
41.03
(129)
41.47
(134)
44.11
(128)
39.08
(126)
36.68
(129)
37.48
(143)
66.50
(145)
51.50
(126)
40.13
(126)
35.50
(126)
42.33
(131)
44.75
(128)
40.17
(134)
47.38
(147)
49.17
(114)
40.83
 Sri Lanka (131)
41.37
(141)
44.34
(141)
44.96
(165)
60.28
(165)
59.13
(162)
56.59
(163)
87.50
(158)
62.50
(162)
75.00
(165)
78.00
(156)
67.50
(141)
50.75
(115)
33.25
(109)
36.50
(089)
24.83
(051)
15.75
 Jordan (132)
41.71
(138)
43.24
(135)
44.49
(143)
42.07
(141)
40.42
(134)
38.47
(128)
56.80
(120)
37.00
(112)
31.88
(128)
36.00
(122)
40.21
(109)
27.50
(096)
24.00
(121)
39.13
(122)
37.00
(099)
33.50
 Philippines (133)
42.53
(127)
41.08
(138)
44.66
(141)
41.19
(149)
43.69
(147)
43.11
(140)
64.50
(156)
60.00
(122)
38.25
(139)
45.00
(128)
44.75
(142)
51.00
(139)
50.00
(111)
36.63
(118)
35.25
(089)
29.00
 Palestinian National Authority (134)
42.96
(135)
42.9
(132)
42.93
(140)
41.01
(138)
40.11
(146)
43.09
(153)
76.00
(150)
56.13
(161)
69.83
(163)
66.88
(158)
69.83
(134)
46.75
(132)
42.50
(127)
43.17
(130)
39.25
(082)
27.00
 Morocco (135)
43.13
(133)
42.42
(131)
42.64
(130)
39.19
(136)
39.72
(136)
39.04
(138)
63.29
(135)
47.40
(127)
41.00
(122)
32.25
(106)
33.25
(097)
24.83
(119)
36.17
(126)
43.00
(131)
39.67
(089)
29.00
 Algeria (136)
43.13
(134)
42.83
(129)
41.69
(119)
36.63
(121)
36.26
(125)
36.54
(122)
56.00
(133)
47.33
(141)
49.56
(121)
31.33
(123)
40.50
(126)
40.00
(129)
40.33
(128)
43.50
(108)
33.00
(095)
31.00
 Myanmar (137)
43.15
(131)
41.82
(143)
45.48
(144)
42.08
(145)
41.43
(151)
44.71
(169)
100.00
(174)
94.50
(171)
102.67
(170)
94.38
(164)
93.75
(164)
94.75
(163)
88.83
(165)
103.63
(164)
95.50
(137)
96.83
 India (138)
43.24
(136)
42.94
(133)
43.17
(136)
40.49
(140)
40.34
(140)
41.22
(131)
58.00
(122)
38.75
(105)
29.33
(118)
30.00
(120)
39.33
(105)
26.50
(106)
27.00
(120)
38.50
(128)
39.00
(080)
26.50
 Pakistan (139)
43.24
(139)
43.55
(147)
48.52
(159)
50.46
(158)
51.46
(159)
51.31
(151)
75.00
(151)
56.17
(159)
65.67
(152)
54.88
(152)
64.83
(157)
70.33
(150)
60.75
(150)
61.75
(128)
39.00
(119)
44.67
 Thailand (140)
44.31
(142)
44.69
(136)
44.53
(134)
40.07
(130)
37.94
(135)
38.60
(137)
61.50
(153)
56.83
(130)
44.00
(124)
34.50
(135)
53.50
(122)
33.50
(107)
28.00
(059)
14.00
(082)
19.67
(065)
22.75
 Honduras (141)
45.23
(140)
43.75
(137)
44.62
(132)
39.27
(129)
37.14
(127)
36.92
(135)
61.00
(143)
51.13
(128)
42.00
(099)
21.50
(087)
25.50
(062)
14.50
(076)
18.00
(053)
11.75
(065)
14.17
N/A
 Cambodia (142)
45.90
(132)
42.07
(128)
40.70
(139)
40.99
(144)
40.97
(143)
41.81
(117)
55.00
(128)
43.83
(117)
35.17
(126)
35.50
(085)
25.33
(108)
27.25
(090)
23.00
(109)
36.50
(081)
19.50
(071)
24.25
 Venezuela (143)
46.03
(137)
42.94
(139)
44.77
(137)
40.61
(116)
35.37
(117)
34.44
(117)
55.00
(133)
47.33
(124)
39.50
(113)
27.33
(114)
36.88
(115)
29.00
(090)
23.00
(090)
24.63
(096)
27.83
(077)
25.00
 South Sudan (144)
46.88
(145)
48.16
(140)
44.87
(125)
38.04
(119)
36.05
(124)
36.20
(111)
41.25
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Malaysia (145)
47.41
(144)
46.89
(146)
46.57
(147)
43.29
(147)
42.73
(145)
42.73
(122)
56.00
(141)
50.75
(131)
44.25
(132)
39.50
(124)
41.00
(092)
22.25
(113)
33.00
(122)
39.83
(104)
32.00
(110)
37.83
 Bangladesh (146)
48.62
(146)
48.36
(144)
45.94
(146)
42.95
(146)
42.58
(144)
42.01
(129)
57.00
(126)
42.50
(121)
37.33
(136)
42.70
(134)
53.17
(137)
48.00
(151)
61.25
(151)
62.50
(143)
46.50
(118)
43.75
 Mexico (147)
48.91
(147)
48.97
(149)
49.33
(148)
43.69
(152)
45.04
(153)
45.30
(149)
72.67
(136)
47.50
(137)
48.25
(140)
46.13
(136)
53.63
(132)
45.83
(135)
45.50
(096)
27.83
(074)
17.67
(075)
24.75
 Russia (148)
49.96
(148)
49.45
(148)
49.03
(152)
44.97
(148)
42.78
(148)
43.42
(142)
66.00
(140)
49.90
(153)
60.88
(141)
47.50
(144)
56.90
(147)
52.50
(138)
48.67
(140)
51.38
(148)
49.50
(121)
48.00
 Tajikistan (149)
50.06
(149)
50.27
(150)
50.34
(116)
36.19
(115)
34.86
(123)
35.71
(122)
56.00
(115)
34.50
(113)
32.00
(106)
25.50
(115)
37.00
(117)
30.00
(113)
33.00
(095)
27.75
(113)
34.50
(086)
28.25
 Ethiopia (150)
50.17
(150)
50.34
(142)
45.13
(142)
41.83
(143)
40.58
(137)
39.57
(127)
56.60
(139)
49.38
(140)
49.00
(142)
47.75
(150)
63.00
(160)
75.00
(131)
42.00
(112)
37.00
(124)
37.50
(107)
37.50
 Singapore (151)
50.95
(151)
51.1
(154)
52.96
(153)
45.87
(150)
44.29
(149)
43.43
(135)
61.00
(136)
47.50
(133)
45.00
(144)
49.00
(141)
56.00
(146)
51.50
(140)
50.67
(147)
57.00
(144)
47.33
N/A
 Eswatini (152)
51.46
(152)
51.27
(153)
52.37
(155)
47.28
(156)
46.76
(155)
46.76
(144)
67.00
(155)
57.50
(144)
52.50
(147)
50.50
(138)
54.50
(127)
40.50
(118)
35.00
(101)
31.00
(124)
37.50
(089)
29.00
 Brunei (153)
51.48
(156)
53.72
(155)
53.85
(121)
36.76
(117)
35.45
(122)
35.45
(125)
56.20
(142)
51.00
(155)
63.50
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (111)
38.00
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (154)
51.60
(154)
52.67
(152)
50.97
(150)
44.31
(151)
44.64
(142)
41.66
(145)
67.67
(148)
51.83
(146)
53.50
(148)
51.25
(133)
50.50
(142)
51.00
(146)
57.33
(141)
51.50
(127)
38.50
(113)
40.75
 Belarus (155)
52.59
(153)
52.43
(157)
54.32
(157)
47.98
(157)
47.82
(157)
48.35
(168)
99.00
(154)
57.00
(151)
59.50
(154)
58.33
(151)
63.63
(151)
57.00
(152)
61.33
(144)
54.10
(151)
52.00
(124)
52.17
 Rwanda (156)
52.90
(159)
54.11
(161)
54.61
(161)
56.57
(162)
56.57
(161)
55.46
(156)
81.00
(169)
81.00
(157)
64.67
(145)
50.00
(147)
58.88
(128)
41.00
(122)
38.00
(113)
37.25
(110)
34.25
(107)
37.50
 Turkey (157)
53.50
(155)
52.98
(151)
50.76
(149)
44.16
(154)
45.87
(154)
46.56
(148)
70.00
(138)
49.25
(122)
38.25
(102)
22.75
(101)
31.25
(098)
25.00
(098)
25.00
(113)
37.25
(115)
35.00
(099)
33.50
 Kazakhstan (158)
54.41
(157)
54.01
(160)
54.55
(160)
53.46
(161)
54.94
(160)
55.08
(154)
77.50
(162)
68.50
(142)
49.67
(125)
35.33
(125)
41.63
(128)
41.00
(119)
36.17
(131)
44.17
(138)
42.50
(116)
42.00
 Burundi (159)
55.26
(160)
55.78
(156)
54.10
(145)
42.93
(142)
40.50
(132)
38.02
(130)
57.75
(108)
28.88
(103)
29.00
(094)
21.00
(127)
43.40
(125)
39.83
(090)
23.00
(073)
19.00
(092)
26.25
(072)
24.50
 Iraq (160)
56.56
(158)
54.03
(158)
54.35
(156)
47.76
(153)
45.44
(150)
44.67
(152)
75.36
(130)
45.58
(145)
53.30
(158)
59.38
(157)
67.83
(154)
66.83
(157)
67.00
(148)
58.50
(124)
37.50
(130)
79.00
 Egypt (161)
56.72
(161)
55.78
(159)
54.45
(158)
50.17
(159)
51.89
(158)
48.66
(166)
97.50
(127)
43.33
(143)
51.38
(146)
50.25
(146)
58.00
(133)
46.25
(143)
52.00
(128)
43.50
(110)
34.25
(101)
34.50
 Libya (162)
56.79
(163)
56.81
(164)
57.89
(154)
45.99
(137)
39.84
(131)
37.86
(154)
77.50
(160)
63.50
(156)
64.50
(160)
61.50
(155)
66.50
(152)
62.50
(162)
88.75
(154)
65.00
(153)
60.00
(129)
72.50
 Azerbaijan (163)
59.73
(162)
56.4
(163)
57.89
(162)
58.41
(160)
52.87
(156)
47.73
(162)
87.25
(152)
56.38
(146)
53.50
(150)
53.63
(139)
55.40
(135)
47.00
(141)
51.00
(136)
49.67
(113)
34.50
(101)
34.50
 Iran (164)
60.71
(165)
65.12
(169)
66.52
(173)
72.32
(173)
72.29
(174)
73.40
(175)
136.60
(175)
94.56
(172)
104.14
(166)
80.33
(166)
96.50
(162)
90.88
(164)
89.17
(158)
78.30
(160)
89.33
(122)
48.25
 Uzbekistan (165)
60.84
(169)
66.11
(166)
61.15
(166)
61.14
(166)
61.01
(164)
60.39
(157)
83.00
(163)
71.50
(160)
67.67
(162)
62.70
(160)
74.88
(158)
71.00
(155)
66.50
(142)
52.13
(154)
61.50
(120)
45.00
 Bahrain (166)
60.85
(164)
58.88
(162)
54.86
(163)
58.69
(163)
58.26
(165)
62.75
(173)
125.00
(144)
51.38
(119)
36.50
(096)
21.17
(118)
38.00
(111)
28.00
(123)
38.75
(143)
52.50
(117)
35.17
(067)
23.00
 Yemen (167)
62.23
(166)
65.8
(170)
67.07
(168)
66.36
(167)
67.26
(169)
69.22
(171)
101.00
(170)
82.13
(167)
83.38
(155)
59.00
(143)
56.67
(149)
54.00
(136)
46.25
(135)
48.00
(136)
41.83
(103)
34.75
 Somalia (168)
63.04
(167)
65.95
(167)
65.35
(172)
72.31
(176)
73.19
(175)
73.59
(164)
88.33
(161)
66.00
(164)
77.50
(153)
58.00
(159)
71.50
(144)
51.25
(149)
59.00
(128)
43.50
(140)
45.00
N/A
 Saudi Arabia (169)
63.13
(168)
66.02
(165)
59.72
(164)
59.41
(164)
58.30
(163)
56.88
(158)
83.25
(157)
61.50
(163)
76.50
(161)
61.75
(148)
59.75
(161)
76.00
(154)
66.00
(159)
79.17
(156)
71.50
(125)
62.50
 Laos (170)
66.41
(170)
66.41
(173)
71.58
(171)
71.25
(171)
71.22
(168)
67.99
(165)
89.00
(168)
80.50
(169)
92.00
(164)
70.00
(161)
75.00
(156)
67.50
(155)
66.50
(153)
64.33
(163)
94.83
(133)
89.00
 Equatorial Guinea (171)
66.47
(171)
66.47
(168)
66.47
(167)
66.23
(168)
67.95
(166)
67.20
(161)
86.00
(167)
79.00
(158)
65.50
(156)
59.25
(153)
65.25
(137)
48.00
(133)
44.00
(133)
46.25
(139)
44.75
(117)
42.75
 Cuba (172)
68.90
(173)
71.75
(171)
70.23
(169)
70.21
(170)
70.92
(171)
71.64
(167)
98.83
(166)
78.00
(170)
94.00
(169)
88.33
(165)
96.17
(165)
95.00
(161)
87.00
(166)
106.83
(165)
97.83
(134)
90.25
 Djibouti (173)
70.77
(172)
70.54
(172)
70.90
(170)
71.04
(169)
70.34
(167)
67.40
(159)
83.50
(110)
30.50
(110)
31.00
(134)
41.50
(132)
50.25
(121)
33.00
(121)
37.00
(145)
55.00
(120)
35.50
(096)
31.25
 Sudan (174)
71.13
(174)
73.56
(174)
72.53
(174)
72.34
(172)
71.88
(170)
70.06
(170)
100.75
(172)
85.33
(148)
54.00
(135)
42.00
(140)
55.75
(139)
48.13
(133)
44.00
(132)
44.25
(142)
45.75
(105)
36.00
 Vietnam (175)
75.05
(175)
73.96
(175)
74.27
(175)
72.63
(174)
72.36
(172)
71.78
(172)
114.00
(165)
75.75
(166)
81.67
(168)
86.17
(162)
79.25
(155)
67.25
(158)
73.25
(161)
86.88
(159)
89.17
(131)
81.25
 China (176)
78.29
(176)
77.66
(176)
80.96
(176)
73.55
(175)
72.91
(173)
73.07
(174)
136.00
(171)
84.67
(168)
84.50
(167)
85.50
(163)
89.00
(163)
94.00
(159)
83.00
(162)
92.33
(161)
91.25
(138)
97.00
 Syria (177)
79.22
(177)
81.49
(177)
81.35
(177)
77.29
(177)
77.04
(176)
78.53
(176)
138.00
(173)
91.50
(165)
78.00
(159)
59.63
(154)
66.00
(153)
63.00
(145)
55.00
(155)
67.50
(155)
67.50
(126)
62.83
 Turkmenistan (178)
84.20
(178)
84.19
(178)
83.44
(178)
80.83
(178)
80.81
(177)
79.14
(177)
140.67
(176)
95.33
(173)
107.00
(171)
95.50
(167)
103.75
(167)
98.50
(165)
93.50
(164)
99.83
(158)
82.83
(136)
91.50
 Eritrea (179)
84.24
(179)
84.24
(180)
83.92
(180)
84.86
(180)
84.83
(179)
84.83
(179)
142.00
(178)
105.00
(175)
115.50
(173)
97.50
(169)
114.75
(166)
97.50
(166)
99.75
(163)
93.25
(162)
91.50
(132)
83.67
 North Korea (180)
88.87
(180)
84.98
(179)
83.76
(179)
83.25
(179)
81.96
(178)
83.90
(178)
141.00
(177)
104.75
(174)
112.50
(172)
96.50
(168)
108.75
(168)
109.00
(167)
109.00
(167)
107.50
(166)
99.50
(139)
97.50
 United States (extraterritorial)[g] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (057)
19.00
(099)
27.00
(108)
30.00
(119)
31.00
(111)
36.00
(119)
31.50
(137)
48.50
(108)
36.00
(135)
41.00
N/A
 Israel (extraterritorial)[h] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (133)
59.00
(132)
47.00
(150)
55.50
(149)
51.50
(103)
32.00
(135)
47.00
N/A (115)
37.50
(146)
49.00
N/A
 Grenada N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A (055)
12.00
N/A N/A

Notes:

  1. ^ the report released in 2012 is titled 2011–2012
  2. ^ pre-2005 data includes Northern Cyprus
  3. ^ a b does not include extraterritorial areas until 2013
  4. ^ a b pre-2007 Serbia and Montenegro were rated jointly
  5. ^ pre-2005 data includes Cyprus
  6. ^ pre-2005 rated as part of Serbia and Montenegro
  7. ^ included with United States starting in 2013
  8. ^ included with Israel starting in 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "2018 World Press Freedom Index". Reporters Without Borders. 2018.
  2. ^ a b How the index was compiled Archived 19 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Border, 2013
  3. ^ 2013 World Press Freedom Index Questionnaire Archived 13 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders, 2013
  4. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2018, Reporters Without Borders
  5. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2017, Reporters Without Borders
  6. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2016, Reporters Without Borders
  7. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2015, Reporters Without Borders
  8. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2014 Archived 14 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  9. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2013 Archived 15 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  10. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  11. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2010 Archived 24 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  12. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2009 Archived 28 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  13. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2008 Archived 28 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  14. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2007 Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  15. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2006 Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  16. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2005 Archived 19 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  17. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2004 Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  18. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2003 Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders
  19. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2002, Reporters Without Borders

External links

Censorship by country

Censorship by country collects information on censorship, Internet censorship, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of speech, and Human Rights by country and presents it in a sortable table, together with links to articles with more information. In addition to countries, the table includes information on former countries, disputed countries, political sub-units within countries, and regional organizations.

Censorship in North Korea

Censorship in North Korea ranks among some of the most extreme in the world, with the government able to take strict control over communications. North Korea is ranked at the bottom of Reporters Without Borders' annual Press Freedom Index, occupying the last place in 2017.

All media outlets are owned and controlled by the North Korean government. As such, all media in North Korea get their news from the Korean Central News Agency. The media dedicate a large portion of their resources toward political propaganda and promoting the personality cult of Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un. The government of Kim Jong-un still has absolute authority over and control of the press and information.

Censorship in the Czech Republic

Censorship in the Czech Republic had been highly active until 17 November 1989 and fall of Communism in the former Czechoslovakia. Czech Republic is ranked as 13th most free country in the World Press Freedom Index in 2014.

Freedom of speech in Denmark

Freedom of speech and freedom of the press in Denmark are ensured by § 77 of the constitution:

Anyone is entitled to in print, writing and speech to publish his or hers thoughts, yet under responsibility to the courts. Censorship and other preventive measures can never again be introduced.There's widespread agreement in Danish legal theory that § 77 protects what is called "formal freedom of speech" (formel ytringsfrihed), meaning that one cannot be required to submit one's speech for review by authorities before publishing or otherwise disseminating it. However, there is disagreement about whether or not § 77 covers "material freedom of speech" (materiel ytringsfrihed), the right to not be punished for ones speech. There is agreement that the phrasing "under responsibility to the courts" gives legislators some right to restrict speech, but conversely there have been several court decisions implying that some material freedom of speech does exist. The discussion is about whether the material speech has limits or not, and if so, what those limits are.The major punishable acts are child pornography, libel, and hate speech/racism, which are restricted by the Danish penal code. Like most other countries, Denmark also forbids publishing classified material harmful to state security, copyright-protected material without permission and revealing trade secrets in the civil law.

In 2004, 2005, and 2009 Denmark received a joint first place in the Worldwide Press Freedom Index from Reporters Without Borders. Since 2011, Denmark has consistently been in the top-10 out of 179 countries in the index and it was fourth in 2016.

Freedom of the press

Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely. Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state; its preservation may be sought through constitutional or other legal protections.

With respect to governmental information, any government may distinguish which materials are public or protected from disclosure to the public. State materials are protected due to either of two reasons: the classification of information as sensitive, classified or secret, or the relevance of the information to protecting the national interest. Many governments are also subject to sunshine laws or freedom of information legislation that are used to define the ambit of national interest.

The United Nations' 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference, and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media regardless of frontiers".This philosophy is usually accompanied by legislation ensuring various degrees of freedom of scientific research (known as scientific freedom), publishing, and press. The depth to which these laws are entrenched in a country's legal system can go as far down as its constitution. The concept of freedom of speech is often covered by the same laws as freedom of the press, thereby giving equal treatment to spoken and published expression. Sweden was the first country in the world to adopt freedom of the press into its constitution with the Freedom of the Press Act of 1766.

Freedom of the press in Sri Lanka

Freedom of the press in Sri Lanka is guaranteed by Article 14(1)(a) of the Constitution of Sri Lanka which gives every citizen "the freedom of speech and expression including publication". Despite this there is widespread suppression of the media, particularly those critical of the government. Sri Lanka is ranked 165 out of 180 countries in Reporters Without Borders's Press Freedom Index for 2014. Freedom House has judged the Sri Lankan press to be not free. During the civil war Sri Lanka was one of the most dangerous places to be a journalist. The civil war ended in May 2009 but, according to Reporters Without Borders, murders, physical attacks, kidnappings, threats and censorship continues and that senior government officials, including the defence secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, are directly implicated.

International rankings of Colombia

This is a list of international rankings of Colombia.

List of newspapers in Switzerland

The number of newspapers in Switzerland was 406 before World War I. It reduced to 257 in 1995. The country was ranked fifteenth for 2014 in the yearly Press Freedom Index published by Reporters Without Borders.

List of sovereign states in Europe by Press Freedom Index

This is list and map of European countries by Press Freedom Index for year 2008.

Media of Australia

Australia has a modern and diverse media industry spanning traditional and digital formats, and catering mostly to its predominantly English-speaking population. In 2018 the Press Freedom Index ranked Australia 19th out of 180 countriesMedia is delivered in a variety of formats including radio, television, paper, internet and IPTV. Varieties include Local, Regional, State, Federal and International sources of media reporting on Australian news, opinion, policy, issues and culture.

Media of Bangladesh

The media of Bangladesh refers to the print, broadcast and online mass media available in Bangladesh. The Constitution guarantees press freedom and freedom of expression within "reasonable restriction", though some media outlets have been harassed. The Bangladeshi media's rank is dropped to 146 in 2018 from its position of 144 in 2016 out of total 180 countries on the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index, with 1st being most free.

Media of Costa Rica

This is a list of Media in Costa Rica.

Costa Rica was ranked 16th in the 2015 World Press Freedom Index making it the highest ranked country in Latin America.

Media of Hungary

Mass media of Hungary includes a variety of online, print, and broadcast formats, such as radio, television, newspapers, and magazines.

Press freedom has been declining under prime minister Viktor Orbán. In 2010, Freedom House's press freedom index ranked Hungary’s media as the world's 40th freest. As of 2017, the rank of Hungary’s media had dropped to 87th freest, and Freedom House says it is only "partly free."

Media of Iceland

The media in Iceland are well-developed for a country of its size. The Constitution of Iceland guarantees absolute freedom of speech. Therefore, Iceland’s media are among the freest in the world.

Iceland has been in the top ten of the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index, since it was first compiled in 2002 until 2014. It was first or joint first in 2002-2008 and 2010. Its 2015 ranking is twenty one, reflecting a sharp deterioration in freedom of information since 2013, according to Reporters Without Borders.

Media of Israel

The media of Israel refers to print, broadcast and online media available in the State of Israel. The country boasts dozens of newspapers, magazines, and radio stations, which play an important role by the press in political, social and cultural life and cater it to a modern, developed and literate society.

There are over 10 different languages in the Israeli media, with Hebrew as the predominant one. Press in Arabic caters to the Arab citizens of Israel, with readers from areas including those governed by the Palestinian National Authority. During the eighties and nineties, the Israeli press underwent a process of significant change as the media gradually came to be controlled by a limited number of organizations, whereas the papers published by political parties began to disappear. Today, three large, privately owned conglomerates based in Tel Aviv dominate the mass media in Israel.Censorship in Israel is relatively low compared to other countries, but may be exercised only when it is certain that publication of the item in question would harm public safety. When an item is censored, the newspaper may appeal the censor's ruling to a "committee of three," composed of a member of the public (who serves as the chairman), a representative of the army and a representative of the press. The decisions of the committee are binding, and over the years it has in many cases overruled the decision of the censor.

Media of Namibia

Media in Namibia includes radio, television, and online and print formats.

Media of Northern Cyprus

TV, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues.

The law protects press freedom in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and internet access is not restricted. Some media institutions and journalists are openly critical of the government, independent media is active and expresses a wide variety of views. Some journalists have expressed concerns about privacy laws passed in 2014 that could potentially limit investigative journalism.Northern Cyprus is ranked 76th out of 180 countries in the 2015 World Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

Media of the Philippines

In 2004, the Philippines had 225 television stations, 369 AM radio broadcast stations, 583 FM radio broadcast stations, 10 internet radio stations, 5 shortwave stations and 7 million newspapers in circulation.Some media outlets, such as RPN/IBC (television) and the Philippine Broadcasting Service (radio), are government-run. Most outlets are privately owned.The most widely read newspapers are the Manila Bulletin, The Philippine Star, Philippine Daily Inquirer, Business Mirror, and BusinessWorld.

Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Paris that conducts political advocacy on issues relating to freedom of information and freedom of the press.

Reporters Without Borders has two primary spheres of activity: one is focused on Internet censorship and the new media, and the other on providing material, financial and psychological assistance to journalists assigned to dangerous areas. Its missions are to:

continuously monitor attacks on freedom of information worldwide;

denounce any such attacks in the media;

act in cooperation with governments to fight censorship and laws aimed at restricting freedom of information;

morally and financially assist persecuted journalists, as well as their families; and

offer material assistance to war correspondents in order to enhance their safety.

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