The President of Transnistria is the highest elected official of Transnistria, a small unrecognized country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. The president of the republic is the country's head of state and is also commander in chief of its armed forces. As per the Constitution of Transnistria, he also represents the country abroad.
The President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, as Transnistria is officially called, is elected by the citizens of the republic on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot for a term of five years.
|President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic|
since 16 December 2016
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Igor Smirnov|
|Formation||3 December 1991|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|Chairman of the Provisional Supreme Soviet||3 September 1990||29 November 1990||CPSU|
|(1)||Chairman of the Republic||29 November 1990||29 August 1991||Independent|
|Acting Chairman of the Republic||29 August 1991||1 October 1991||Independent|
|Chairman of the Republic||1 October 1991||3 December 1991||Independent|
|Tenure||Political Affiliation||Elections||Vice President(s)||Prime Minister(s)|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|3 December 1991||30 December 2011||CPSU →
|1991||Alexandru Caraman||Post did not exist|
|30 December 2011||16 December 2016||Independent||2011||Post abolished||Pyotr Stepanov (2012–2013)|
Tatiana Turanskaya (2013–2015)
Pavel Prokudin (2015–2016)
|16 December 2016||Incumbent||Independent||2016||Aleksandr Martynov (2016– )|
|Oleg Khorzhan||Pridnestrovie Communist Party||8,012||3.17|
Presidential elections were held in Transnistria on 11 December 2016. The result was a victory for Supreme Council Speaker, Vadim Krasnoselsky, who defeated incumbent President Yevgeny Shevchuk.Abkhazia–Transnistria relations
Abkhazia and Transnistria signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation on 22 January 1993.
On 14 June 2006, leaders of Abkhazia, Transnistria and South Ossetia met in Tiraspol and formed the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations.In 18 January 2007, First President of Transnistria, Igor Smirnov signing decree and establishing opening Official Representative of Priednistrovian Moldovan Republic to Abkhazia. On same day, Garri Kupalba appointed as Plenipotentiary Representative of Transnistria to Abkhazia. In 23 January 2007, President Sergei Bagapsh of Abkhazia appointed Aleksander Vataman as Plenipotentiary Representative of Abkhazia in Transnistria.On 7 March 2008, Bagapsh formally issued a decree on the establishment of Abkhazia's Official Representative in Transnistria, and on 18 July 2008, the Representative Office was opened in Tiraspol.On 6 March 2014, Former Foreign Minister of Abkhazia, Vyacheslav Chirikba held a telephone conference with Foreign Minister Foreign Affairs of Transnistria, Igor Schornikov to discussed situation in the region in light of the events in Ukraine.
In 2015, there are several occasion to strengthening of Abkhazia and Transnistria relationship. On 4 February 2015, a working meeting of President of Abkhazia, Raul Khajimba with Plenipotentiary Representative of Abkhazia in Transnistria, Alexander Vataman. This meeting discussed preparation activities and Action Plan 2015 of Representative Abkhazia in Transnistria.
On 30 April- 5 May 2015, Abkhazia artists such as Dzhansuh Gumagua, Timur Taniya, Kerry Adzhba took part on National Culture Event of Transnistria in Tiraspol.
On 1-4 September 2015, Abkhazian delegation paid visit to attended 25th Anniversary of Independence Day of Transnistria. Delegation headed by President Raul Khajimba. Vitaly Gabniya also speech on Independence Day of Transnistria on 1 September 2015. On next day, Raul Khajimba arrived to Transnistria and awarded by Foreign Minister of Transnistria, Igor Schornikov an Order of I Merit of the Priednistrovian Moldovan Republic. Several agenda held are meeting cooperation of Abkhazian State University and State University of Transnistria. Delegation also visiting two enterprises in Tiraspol, museum Benderskaya Tragediya, and two others meeting with N. Kushnir and Head Military Contingent and Consul of Russian Federation to Abkhazia, Colonel Valery Blizhenskiy in Representative Office of Abkhazia in Tiraspol.
Delegation from Transnistria paid a visit to Abkhazia in 24-25 October 2016. The main agenda is signing agreement of mutual visa free visit of citizens of the Abkhazia with Transnistria and agreement on mutual recognition and equivalence of documents on level of education and qualification. Daur Kove honored Vitaliy Ignatiev, Foreign Affairs Minister of Transnistria was awarded the Medal of the Foreign Minister of Abkhazia "for merit".
On 17 November 2016, Ministry of Defence Abkhazia hosting meeting between General Army Mirab Kishmariya with Plenipotentiary Representative of Abkhazia in Transnistria, Alexander Vataman. This meeting also attended by Daur Kove and Garri Kupalba, Plenipotentiary Representative of Transnistria to Abkhazia. This meeting is focused on cooperation and friendship of Abkhazia and Transnistria in defence sphere. Alexander Vataman and Garri Kupalba was awarded by General Mirab Kishmariya a medal of Ministry of Defence Abkhazia.
On Parliamentary Elections of Abkhazia in 2017, on 14 March 2017, Transnistria delegations being one observers with another observers in this election. Oleg Arshba met with delegation of Transnistria in Sukhumi.
On 29 July 2017, Alexander Vataman took part in Transnistria Governmental Events in Bender dedicated to 25th Anniversary of Introduction into Zone of Meld. On 1 August 2017, similar events held in Monument of Man Glory, Tiraspol. Alexander Vataman also attended Occasion of 27th Year of Independence Day of Transnistria in Presidential Palace, Tiraspol on 1 September 2017.
In 2017, others meeting was held between two nations. On 4 September 2017, Daur Kove met with Garri Kupalba in Sukhumi. On the next month, 4 October 2017, Vitaly Ignatiev met with Alexander Vataman in Tiraspol.
In 2018, Oleg Arshba and Garri Kupalba held meeting on 11th Anniversary of Opening Representative Office of Transnistria and Appointing of Garri Kupalba in Abkhazia held on 18 January 2018. Weeks later, Daur Kove met with Garri Kupalba on 25th Anniversary of Signing Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation of Abkhazia and Transnistria on 22 January 2018. Same meeting also held between Vitaly Ignatiev, new Foreign Minister of Transnistria and Alexander Vataman in Tiraspol on 29 January 2018.
On 1 September 2018, Alexander Vataman took part in 28th year of Independence Day of Transnistria in Tiraspol. He giving speech in this occasion.
Daur Kove, new Foreign Minister of Abkhazia met with Garri Kupalba in 26 December 2018 on Occasion of Achievement Abkhazia and Transnistria relationship in several spheres and discussion for the next year agendas of cooperation both nations.
Alexander Vataman accompanied with Foreign Minister of Transnistria and Plenipotentiary Representative of South Ossetia to Transnistria, Vitaly Yevkonsky held Final International Drawing Competition for kids on 27 December 2018.
In 2019, Alexander Vataman met with Vitaly Ignatiev in Tiraspol and also Daur Kove with Garri Kupalba in Sukhumi on the Occasion of 26th years Diplomatic relationship of Abkhazia and Transnistria.Aleksandr Ivanovich Korolyov
Aleksandr Ivanovich Korolyov (Aлексáндр Ивáнович Королёв) Polish: (Alexander Korołiow) is a Transnistrian politician born in Wrocław, Poland on 24 October 1958 (or in 1955). He is of Russian ethnicity.Until 2006, he was the Minister of the Interior of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR). He started to work in the ministry of the interior of the Moldavian SSR in 1985. When the PMR declared independence on 2 September 1990, Korolev continued his work in the same post but under the new government until 2000, when he was appointed the country's minister of the interior. Korolev holds PMR citizenship.
In the December 10, 2006 PMR presidential election he was elected to the post of vice president as the running mate of Igor Smirnov.
He is the head of the PMR Security Council. Once a year, he also MC's the annual Miss PMR competition for charity.Alexandru Caraman
Alexandru Caraman (Russian: Aлексáндр Карамáн, Aleksandr Karaman), born in Cioburciu, Slobozia district), was a Transnistrian politician and later the Foreign Minister of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) during August 2014. He was the vice-president of Transnistria from 1990 to 2001 and is an ethnic Moldovan. He is on the wanted list in the DPR for kidnapping, but currently lives in Russia.
He was a communist party leader in Slobozia district, delegate at the 17th Congress of Moldovan Communist Party. He was against the acceptance by the Moldovan Communist Party of press freedom and criticise the tolerance that Communist party shows towards anticommunist publications. Caraman was instrumental in declaration of independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on September 2, 1990, and held the vice-presidency since that date.
From July 21 to November 12, 2014, he was the Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers for Social Affairs in the Donetsk People's Republic. From August 15 to August 28, 2014, he was the Foreign Minister for the Donetsk People's Republic.During the summer of 2016, he was charged with kidnapping by the DPR prosecutor and he subsequently fled to Russia.Armed Forces of Transnistria
The Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Russian: Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики; Vooruzhyonniye Sily Pridnestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki, Romanian: Форцеле армате але Републичий Молдовенешть Нистрене; Forțele armate ale Republicii Moldovenești Nistreene, Ukrainian: Збройні сили Придністровської Молдавської Республіки; Zbroini syly Prydnistrovśkoi Moldavśkoi Respubliky), are the military forces of the semi-recognised state of Transnistria. The Armed Forces were created on 6 September 1991 to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, in accordance with Article 11 of the Republic's Constitution.Constitution of Transnistria
The current Constitution of Transnistria was approved by national referendum on 24 December 1995, and signed into law by the President of Transnistria on 17 January 1996. As part of the territory's move towards market based reforms, it was modified on 30 June 2000.
The constitution provides for a separation of powers between judicial, legislative, and executive branches. It names Russian, Ukrainian and Moldavian as the three official languages of the republic, grants religious freedom, and grants every citizen freedom of speech and the right to property. It further establishes Transnistria as an independent sovereign country with a multiparty democracy and a market economy.
In 2009, president Igor Smirnov appointed a constitutional commission, which has proposed some controversial constitutional changes. The stated purpose of the new constitution is to harmonize Transnistrian legislation with that of its main guarantor state, Russia. Among the proposed changes is the introduction of a bicameral legislature (of which the lower house is to be elected and the upper house to be appointed) and the abolition of elections for rural administrations. An official draft was published on 11 September 2009. Smirnov sent the draft to parliament on 23 October. A referendum was planned for 24 January 2010, but the proposal failed in parliament on 18 November. The draft is now to be amended once more.In June, 2011, the parliament has adopted, and in July, president has signed new amendments, abolishing the post of Vice President of the PMR, introducing the post of Prime Minister and such body as the Government of the PMR.Ekaterina Gubareva
Ekaterina Yurevna Gubareva (Russian: Екатерина Юрьевна Губарева, born 1983, in Kakhovka) is a former minister of foreign affairs of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DNR) and wife of Pavel Gubarev.Government of Transnistria
The Government of Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic is the political leadership of the unrecognized, but de facto independent, Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, better known in English as Transnistria.Igor Smirnov
Igor Nikolaevich Smirnov (Russian: И́горь Никола́евич Смирно́в, tr. Igorʹ Nikolayevich Smirnov; born 23 October 1941) is a Transnistrian politician who served as the first president (1991–2011) of the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic.Outline of Transnistria
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Transnistria:
Transnistria – breakaway state located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it has been governed as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as Pridnestrovie), a state with limited recognition that claims territory to the east of the River Dniester, and also to the city of Bender and its surrounding localities on the west bank, in the historical region of Bessarabia. The names "Transnistria" and "Pridnestrovie" both refer to the Dniester River. Unrecognised by any United Nations member state, Transnistria is designated by the Republic of Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status (Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria), or Stînga Nistrului ("Left Bank of the Dniester").Politics of Transnistria
Politics of Transnistria, a de facto independent state situated de jure within the Republic of Moldova in Eastern Europe, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential republic, whereby the President of Transnistria is head of state and the Prime Minister of Transnistria is head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
Formally, Transnistria has a multi-party system and a unicameral parliament, called the Supreme Council. The president is elected by popular vote. The latest parliamentary elections were held in December 2010; however, they were not monitored by international organizations such as Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), which has expressed doubts about the level of democracy in the region, and were not recognized by other countries.
Political parties from Moldova do not recognize the Transnistrian government and do not participate at elections organized by it.Pridnestrovie Communist Party
The Pridnestrovie Communist Party (abbreviated PCP; Russian: Приднестровская коммунистическая партия; ПКП), also translated as the Pridnestrovian Communist Party, is a communist party in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, led by Oleg Khorzhan. The party has been called "young and dynamic" by state media, in contrast to the more "conservative" Communist Party of Pridnestrovie headed by Vladimir Gavrilchenko.Prime Minister of Transnistria
The Prime Minister of Transnistria is the head of government of the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic.Sergey Leontiev
Sergey Fyodorovich Leontiev (Russian: Серге́й Федорович Леонтьев, born 9 February 1944 in Leontovka, Krasni Okny Raion, Odessa Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union) was the vice-president of Transnistria from December 2001 until December 2006.He studied at the faculty of mathematics and physics of the T. G. Shevchenko University in Tiraspol, Transnistria. He was head of the administrative district of Grigoriopol. In 2000 he became head of the presidential administration of Transnistria. He was not a candidate in the 2006 election, and hence was replaced by Aleksandr Ivanovich Korolyov.Shevchuk
Shevchuk, Shewchuk, Schewchuk, Ševčuk, Sevcuk, Szewczuk, or Chevchuk (Ukrainian: Шевчук) is a widespread Ukrainian surname. It is derived from the Ukrainian word shvets (Ukrainian: швець), "cobbler/shoemaker", and the suffix -uk, denoting descent. It may refer to the following individuals:
Anatoliy Shevchuk, historian of Ukrainian fine art, writer, and translator
Andriy Shevchuk (born 1985), Ukrainian footballer
Anzhelika Shevchuk (born 1969), Ukrainian sprinter
Serhiy Shevchuk (born 1985), Ukrainian footballer
Serhiy Shevchuk (born 1990), Ukrainian footballer
Sviatoslav Shevchuk (born 1970), Ukrainian Major Archbishop of Kyiv and Halych, Head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Vadym Shevchuk (born 1995), Ukrainian footballer
Valeriy Shevchuk (born 1939), Ukrainian writer
Vasyl Shevchuk (born 1954), Ukraine’s environment minister in 1998-2000 and 2002–2003
Vladimir Shevchuk (born 1954), Russian footballer and manager
Vyacheslav Shevchuk (born 1979), Ukrainian footballer
Yuri Shevchuk (born 1957), Soviet and Russian singer/songwriter, leader of the band DDT
Yuriy Shevchuk (born 1985), Ukrainian footballer
Yevgeny Shevchuk is the second (now former) President of Transnistria
Daniel Shewchuk, a Canadian politician
Jack Shewchuk, a NHL defenceman for the Boston Bruins
Jamie Shewchuk, a lacrosse player on the Colorado Mammoth.
Jonathan Shewchuk, a Professor in Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley.
Murphy O. Shewchuk, a Canadian writer and past National President of the Canadian Authors Association.
Peter Shewchuk, (born 1939) a Canadian feature film sound recordist
Tammy Shewchuk-Dryden (born 1977), Canadian women's ice hockey player
Mirko Szewczuk (1919-1957), German cartoonist of Austrian-Ukrainian origin
Stephen Szewczuk, a national commander of the Ukrainian-American veterans, 1997–2000
Tomasz Szewczuk, a Polish footballerStepan Topal
Stepan Mikhailovich Topal (Cyrillic: Степан Михайлович Топал; 18 January 1938 – 29 September 2018) was a Moldovan politician of Gagauz ancestry. From 1990 to 1995 he served as Governor (başkan) of Gagauzia.Vadim Krasnoselsky
Vadim Nikolaevich Krasnoselsky (Russian: Вади́м Никола́евич Красносе́льский; born 14 April 1970) is a Transnistrian politician who is the 3rd and current President of Transnistria. Previously, he served as a member of the Supreme Council of Transnistria from the 7th district, as 6th Speaker of the Supreme Council (2015–2016) and the 7th Minister of the Interior.Vice President of Transnistria
The Vice President of Transnistria was a political position in that unrecognized state. He/she was the deputy head of state.Yevgeny Shevchuk
Yevgeny Vasilyevich Shevchuk (Russian: Евге́ний Васи́льевич Шевчу́к, tr. Yevgeniy Vasilyevich Shevchuk, Ukrainian: Євге́н Васи́льович Шевчу́к, tr. Yevhen Vasylovych Shevchuk, Moldovan Cyrillic: Евгений Васильевичи Шевчук, Romanian: Evgheni Vasilievici Șevciuk; born 19 June 1968) was the 2nd President of the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic, better known as Transnistria. He was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria from 2000 until his election as president in 2011. Furthermore, he was speaker of Pridnestrovian Supreme Soviet from 2005 to 2009, and the leader of the opposition party Renewal until 2010. Shevchuk is an ethnic Ukrainian and a citizen of both Transnistria and Russia.
Note: Transnistria is a Moldovan breakaway territory and a self-proclaimed republic, unrecognised by any United Nations member state.
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