The President of the Republic of South Ossetia is the de facto head of state of the partially recognized Republic of South Ossetia that is de jure part of Georgia. This is a list of the de facto presidents of the Republic of South Ossetia and the holders of the precursor to the office.
|President of the Republic of South Ossetia|
since 21 April 2017
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Lyudvig Chibirov|
|Formation||27 November 1996|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|10 October 1990||4 May 1991||Independent|
|4 May 1991||9 September 1992||Independent|
|9 September 1992||17 September 1993||Independent|
|17 September 1993||27 November 1996||Independent|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|27 November 1996||18 December 2001||Independent|
|18 December 2001||10 December 2011||Unity Party|
|11 December 2011||19 April 2012||Unity Party|
|19 April 2012||21 April 2017||Independent|
|21 April 2017||–||United Ossetia|
|Presidential candidate||Party||1st round||runoff|
|Stanislav Kochiyev||Communist Party of South Ossetia||1,417||5.26|
|Total number of votes cast||100.00||29,166||100.00|
|Total number of registered voters||40,929||100.00||40,929||100.00|
|Source: South Ossetian Electoral Commission 2 3|
A parliamentary election in South Ossetia, a breakaway region of Georgia recognised as an independent state by Russia and Nicaragua, was held in June 2009. According to the preliminary results, the highest number of votes went to the ruling Unity Party. Two opposition parties were not permitted to run out of concern that they might not be loyal to Eduard Kokoity, the President of South Ossetia.Under laws of Georgia, the elections were illegal.The European Union, the United States, and NATO have issued statements saying these organisations consider the elections illegal, and have rejected their results.2011 South Ossetian referendum
A referendum on making Ossetian and Russian official languages was held in South Ossetia on 13 November 2011, alongside presidential elections. The referendum was originally scheduled for 11 September 2011, but on 12 August the decision was made to postpone it.
Prior to the referendum the first section of the fourth article of the constitution states that Ossetian is the national language in South Ossetia, while the second section states that Russian (together with Ossetian and, in certain cases, Georgian) is the official language of government bodies, state administration and local self-government.2017 South Ossetian presidential election
Presidential elections were held in South Ossetia on 9 April 2017 alongside a referendum on changing the official name of the state to "Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania", or "South Ossetia–Alania" for short. Incumbent President Leonid Tibilov ran for a second and final term in office, but was defeated by Anatoliy Bibilov of the United Ossetia party.Anatoliy Kaminski
Anatoliy Vladimirovich Kaminski (Ukrainian: Анато́лій Володи́мирович Камі́нський, Russian: Анатолий Владимирович Каминский) (born 15 March 1950 in Baley, Russian SFSR) is an ethnic Ukrainian and a politician from Transnistria, former speaker of Pridnestrovian Supreme Soviet and former chairman of the opposition party Renewal.Anatoly Bibilov
Anatoly Ilyich Bibilov (Ossetian: Бибылты Ильяйы фырт Анатолий, romanized: Bibylty Iljajy fyrt Anatolij, lit. 'bˈibəltə iˈlʲajə fərt anaˈtolij', Russian: Анато́лий Ильи́ч Биби́лов) (born February 6, 1970) is a Russian and South Ossetian military officer, currently serving as the 4th President of South Ossetia, a partially recognized, but de facto independent state, succeeding Leonid Tibilov as President on April 21, 2017, following his election victory.Aslanbek Bulatsev
Aslanbek Soltanovich Bulatsev (Russian: Асланбек Солтанович Булацев, Georgian: ასლანბეკ ბულაცევი; born in 1963 in Mikhaylovskoye, Prigorodny District, North Ossetian ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is an Ossetian politician and official. Bulatsev formerly worked as a tax chief in the Russian region of North Ossetia. On October 22, 2008, he was appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of South Ossetia by the South Ossetian parliament. Bulatsev was fired, according to the official decree, on health reasons, on 4 August 2009. He was replaced by Vadim Brovtsev, the head of a Russian construction company.Aza Habalova
Aza Konstantinovna Habalova (Russian: Аза Константиновна Хабалова) (born April 13, 1958) is a South Ossetian politician. She currently holds the post of Minister of Finance in the Government of South Ossetia.
Habalova is a native of Tskhinvali. She graduated from Faculty of Economics at Moscow State University in 1981 with a degree in economics. Beginning in 1995 she has taught at South Ossetian State University. During her career she has held positions with various branches of the South Ossetian government, including as chief accountant of the Ministry of National Resources and chairing the Committee on Interaction with International Organizations and the Committee on Economics. She was appointed to the post of Minister of Finance on May 19, 2012, in a decree signed by President of South Ossetia Leonid Tibilov. She succeeded Irina Sytnik in the post. Habalova had previously served as Minister of Finance from 1999 until 2008; she was reappointed to the post once again in 2017 by President Anatoly Bibilov. She is married with two children.Eduard Kokoity
Eduard Dzhabeyevich Kokoyty (Ossetian: Кокойты Джабейы фырт Эдуард, Kokojty Džabejy fyrt Eduard; born 31 October 1964) is the former President of South Ossetia. His term in office lasted just under ten years, beginning December 2001 and ending December 2011.Gerasim Khugayev
Gerasim "Rezo" Georgievich Khugayev (Ossetian: Хуыгаты Георгийы фырт Герасим (Резо), Xwygaty Georgijy fyrt Gerasim (Rezo); Georgian: გერასიმე ხუგაევი, Gerasime Khugaevi; Russian: Герасим (Резо) Георгевич Хугаев; born on 15 November 1946 in Chasaval, Dzau district, South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union) is an Ossetian politician a former Prime Minister of the Republic of South Ossetia. He is the only South Ossetian Prime Minister to serve more than one time, at this date. He first served from October 1993 until May 1994 under Head of State Lyudvig Chibirov, and then again from December 2001 until August 2003, as the first Prime Minister appointed by President of South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity.From 1975 until 1981, Khugayev studied at the psychology department of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. In 1981, he was elected party secretary in Kvaisa. After a promotion in 1987, he became a member of the very first session of South Ossetia's parliament. He was also actively involved in the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War, where he commanded a unit. After the war, he first became deputy Prime Minister under PM Oleg Teziev and Head of State Torez Kulumbegov, and then Prime Minister.In 1996, Khugayev was deputy PM in the cabinet of Aleksandr Shavlokhov. He was also a candidate in the 1996 presidential election, the first ever held in the country. Khugayev finished 2nd, after incumbent Head of State Lyudvig Chibirov, with 23.9% of the vote.In 2001, Khugayev led the Eduard Kokoity's campaign for the 2001 presidential election. After Kokoity won, he appointed Khugayev as his first prime minister.Government of South Ossetia
The Government of the Republic of South Ossetia is the political leadership of the only partially recognized, but de facto independent, Republic of South Ossetia.Leonid Tibilov
Leonid Tibilov (Ossetian: Тыбылты Харитъоны фырт Леонид, Tybylty Xarithony fyrt Leonid; Russian: Леонид Харитонович Тибилов, Leonid Kharitonovich Tibilov; Georgian: ლეონიდ თიბილოვი, Leonid Tibilovi; born 28 March 1951 in Verkhny Dvan, Znaur district) is a South Ossetian politician who was the President of South Ossetia after winning the 2012 South Ossetian presidential election.Lyudvig Chibirov
Lyudvig Alekseyevich Chibirov (Ossetian: Цыбырты Алексейы фырт Людвиг Cybyrty Aleksejy fyrt Ljudvig, Georgian: ლუდვიგ ჩიბიროვი, Russian: Лю́двиг Алексе́евич Чи́биров; born November 19, 1932 in Tskhinvali) was the Chairman of the Parliament and later, following inaugural elections the first President of South Ossetia. Born in 1932, Chibirov is a former member of the South Ossetian Parliament. Prior to the elections in 1996, he had been South Ossetia's head of state since 1993. When the post of Chairman of the Parliament was abolished in favor of the presidency, Chibirov became the first occupant of the new office.
During the 1996 elections, he received 65% of the vote compared with former Prime Minister Vladislav Gabaraev, who advocates South Ossetia's secession from the Republic of Georgia and its unification with North Ossetia in Russia, won about 20%. Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze blasted the elections calling them "unlawful."
In the next elections in 2001, the 69-year-old Chibirov received less than 20% of the votes, while Stanislav Kochiev came in second with 25%, and the 38-year-old Eduard Kokoity (Kokoyev) won with more than 48% of the vote.Nicaragua–South Ossetia relations
Nicaragua – South Ossetia relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Nicaragua and the Republic of South Ossetia. Nicaragua extended diplomatic recognition to South Ossetia and Abkhazia on 5 September 2008.
After the recognition was announced, the Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry stated that they would immediately establish ties with Tskhinvali and would eventually appoint an ambassador to the republic. At a press conference in November 2008, Nicaraguan Foreign Minister Samuel Santos Lopez said, "Certainly, we think that the decision [to recognize independent Abkhazia and South Ossetia] was fair and appropriate. They [the republics] must be given time for inner formalities. We will coordinate the possibility and terms of direct diplomatic relations at a convenient moment. Obviously and logically, we will be acting via our friends, probably Russia, to establish closer contacts and diplomatic relations [with the republics]."Whilst on a state visit to Russia in December 2008, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega expressed his desire to travel to Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the future, and stated that Nicaragua is in solidarity with the people of the two countries.The recognition of South Ossetia by Nicaragua triggered immediate reactions from other countries involved in the dispute over the status of South Ossetia. Georgia responded to Nicaragua's concurrent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by cutting diplomatic relations with the Central American state at the end of November 2008. Russia offered to strengthen ties with Nicaragua and to provide aid to Nicaragua to help rebuild areas damaged by hurricanes. The U.S. Secretary of Commerce canceled a planned trip to Nicaragua, with the U.S. Ambassador in Managua saying, "It isn't the appropriate moment for the visit."After succeeding Eduard Kokoity as President of South Ossetia, Leonid Tibilov dismissed Nariman Kozaev as Ambassador on 25 July 2012.Samuel Santos López
Samuel Santos López (born December 13, 1938) is a Nicaraguan politician, formerly the Minister of Foreign Affairs, appointed to the post on January 10, 2007 until 2017. He is also currently a director of the Bolsa de Valores de Nicaragua (Stock Exchange of Nicaragua).South Ossetia–Venezuela relations
South Ossetia–Venezuela relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between the Republic of South Ossetia and Venezuela. Venezuela recognized South Ossetia and Abkhazia on September 10, 2009.Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that his country recognized South Ossetia and Abkhazia when he was hosted by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. Chávez also announced that formal diplomatic relations will be established with South Ossetia and Abkhazia.Chávez had previously defended Russia's recognition of the two republics, saying "Russia has recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. We support Russia. Russia is right and is defending its interests."After succeeding Eduard Kokoity as President of South Ossetia, Leonid Tibilov dismissed Nariman Kozaev as Ambassador on 25 July 2012.In 2019, South Ossetian president Anatoly Bibilov traveled to Venezuela as head of a delegation of his country. Bibilov attended the inauguration of Nicolás Maduro as the Venezuelan president.During the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, Interim President Juan Guaidó seeks to withdraw the recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia once a new government is created.United Ossetia
United Ossetia is a political party in South Ossetia. In the 2014 elections, the party held a majority in the Parliament of South Ossetia, holding 20 of the 34 seats. The party is led by Anatoliy Bibilov, a former member of the Unity Party and the current President of South Ossetia since his victory in the 2017 elections.
In 2018, representatives of United Ossetia signed a cooperation agreement with the Bosnian Serb ruling party Alliance of Independent Social Democrats.Vadim Brovtsev
Vadim Vladimirovich Brovtsev (Ossetian: Вадим Владимиры фырт Бровцев, Vadim Vladimiry fyrt Brovcev; Russian: Вадим Владимирович Бровцев, Georgian: ვადიმ ბროვცევი, Vadim Brovcevi; born 26 July 1969) is a Russian businessman who was Prime Minister of the Republic of South Ossetia from 5 August 2009 to 26 April 2012, as well as Acting President from December 11, 2011 to April 19, 2012.
Brovtsev had served in the Soviet Strategic Rocket Forces. From 2005 until his appointment to a political post, Brovtsev was head of the board of directors of Russian construction company Vermikulit based in the city of Chelyabinsk.Znaur Gassiev
Znaur Nikolayevich Gassiyev (Ossetian: Гасситы Знауыр Никъалайы фырт Знауыр / Gassity Nikhalajy fyrt Znawyr, Georgian: ზნაურ გასიევი, Russian: Знаур Николаевич Гассиев; 17 March 1925 – 6 March 2016) was a South Ossetian politician, who was one of the leaders of the South Ossetian independence movement in the early 1990s, which culminated in the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War.Zurab Kokoyev
Zurab Revazovich Kokoyev (Russian: Зураб Ревазович Кокоев, born 14 February 1959 in Tskhinvali, South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union) is a South Ossetian politician and currently a member of South Ossetia's parliament, where he is one of three vice-speakers, and Chairman of the Committee for construction, industry, transport and communications. He is the leader of the Unity Party, which is allied with President of South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity.
Kokoyev was first deputy prime minister from October 2003 until 31 December 2005 and acting Prime Minister from May until July 2005. Before this, he was head of the administration of Tskhinvali district since 2002.Kokoyev is married and has a daughter.
South Ossetia articles
Heads of State of South Ossetia
Heads of state and government of Europe