The office of President of Slovenia, officially President of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Republike Slovenije), was established on 23 December 1991 when the National Assembly passed a new Constitution as a result of independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
According to the Constitution, the President is the highest representative of the state. In practice, the position is mostly ceremonial. Among other things, the President is also the commander-in-chief of the Slovenian Armed Forces. The office of the President is the Presidential Palace in Ljubljana.
The President is directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a term of five years. Any Slovenian citizen can run for president, but can hold only two consecutive terms in office.
|President of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Republike Slovenije
since 22 December 2012
Slovenian: Gospod predsednik
Slovenian: Njegova ekscelenca (in international correspondence)
|Status||Head of state|
|Seat||Presidential Palace, Ljubljana|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Milan Kučan|
|Formation||23 December 1991|
|Salary||€ 5.419,54 monthly|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political affiliation|
|23 December 1991||22 December 2002||Independent|
|2002||22 December 2002||23 December 2007||LDS|
|2007||23 December 2007||22 December 2012||Independent|
|2012||22 December 2012||Incumbent
(Term ends on 22 December 2022)
The 2007 Slovenian presidential election was held in order to elect the successor to the second President of Slovenia Janez Drnovšek for a five-year term. France Cukjati, the President of the National Assembly, called the election on 20 June 2007.Seven candidates competed in the election's first round on 21 October 2007; three entered the race as independent candidates, the other four were supported by political parties. Several political events, as well as tension between the Government and the political opposition, overshadowed the campaign. The front runner Lojze Peterle, supported by the governing conservative coalition, won the first round with far fewer votes than predicted by opinion polls. In the second round, held on 11 November 2007, Peterle faced the runner-up, the left-wing candidate Danilo Türk. Türk won the second round in a landslide, with 68.03% of the vote.In a referendum called by the National Council, and held on the same day as the second round of the presidential election, the electorate voted to overturn a law providing for the nationalization of citizens' share in the major national insurance company. Nearly three quarters of the votes were cast against the law. After both election and referendum results were announced, the Prime Minister Janez Janša announced that he might resign, following what he perceived to be a heavy defeat for the Government. The Government later won a vote of confidence in the National Assembly.2017 Slovenian presidential election
Presidential elections were held in Slovenia on 22 October 2017. Nine candidates ran in the elections, including the incumbent President of Slovenia Borut Pahor. No candidate received a majority of the vote, resulting in a run-off between Pahor and Marjan Šarec that was held on 12 November 2017. Pahor won the run-off with 53% of the vote; voter turnout in the second round was 42.13%, the lowest in any presidential election since independence.Borut Pahor
Borut Pahor (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈbóːɾut ˈpàːxɔɾ]; born 2 November 1963) is a Slovenian politician serving as President of Slovenia since December 2012. He was Prime Minister from November 2008 to February 2012.
A longtime president of the Social Democrats party, Pahor served several terms as a member of the National Assembly and was its speaker from 2000 to 2004. In 2004, Pahor was elected as member of the European Parliament. Following the victory of the Social Democrats in the 2008 parliamentary election, Pahor was appointed as Prime Minister.
In September 2011, Pahor's government lost a confidence vote amidst an economic crisis and political tensions. He continued to serve as the pro tempore Prime Minister until he was replaced by Janez Janša in February 2012. In June 2012, he announced he would run for the largely ceremonial office of President of Slovenia. He defeated the incumbent Danilo Türk in a runoff election held on 2 December 2012, receiving roughly two-thirds of the vote. In November 2017, Pahor was re-elected for a second term.Cabinet of Slovenia
This is a list of cabinets of Slovenian Government, the chief executive body of the Republic of Slovenia. Unlike the President of Slovenia, who is directly elected, the prime minister is appointed by the National Assembly, and must control a majority there in order to govern successfully, even though it is judicially allowed to govern with a minority cabinet.
Between 1990 and 2014 Slovenia had 12 governments. The government is formed by political parties that are elected on democratic elections every four years, except if preliminary elections are determined to be held, which has happened two times since the independence. Slovenia had in total of ten Prime Ministers, nine men and one woman.Chief of the General Staff (Slovenia)
The Chief of the General Staff (Slovene: Načelnik Generalštaba) is the Chief of the General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces. That person is appointed by the President of Slovenia, who is the commander-in-chief. The current Chief of the General Staff is Major General Alenka Ermenc. She is the first woman to hold this position, and the first woman to hold such a position within armed forces of the member states of NATO.Danilo Türk
Danilo Türk (pronounced [daˈníːlɔ ˈtýɾk]; born 19 February 1952) is a Slovenian diplomat, professor of international law, human rights expert, and political figure who served as President of Slovenia from 2007 to 2012. Türk was the first Slovene ambassador to the United Nations, from 1992 to 2000, and was the UN Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs from 2000 to 2005.
He is a visiting professor of international law at Columbia University in New York City, a professor emeritus at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana, and non-resident senior fellow of Chongyang Institute for Financial studies at Renmin University of China in Beijing. Türk is the founder of the Danilo Türk Foundation, devoted mostly to the rehabilitation of child victims of armed conflict. He is also the chairman of the Global High Level Panel on Water and Peace and the chairman of the board of the Global Fairness Initiative, a Washington-based NGO dedicated to economic and social development in developing nations.
In 2016, Türk was an unsuccessful candidate for the post of Secretary-General of the United Nations.Government Building and President's Office
The Government Building and President's Office (Slovene: Vladna in predsedniška palača), also simply the Government Building (Vladna palača) or the President's Office (Predsedniška palača), is a building in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, that houses the Office of the President of Slovenia, the Secretary-General of the Government of Slovenia, and the Protocol of Slovenia. It stands at the corner of Prešeren Street (Prešernova cesta), Erjavec Street (Erjavčeva cesta), and Gregorčič Street (Gregorčičeva ulica) in the Center District, next to the Cankar Centre. It is used for state and ceremonial functions, as well as for receptions and meetings with visiting foreign dignitaries and heads of state. Occasionally, exhibits take place there.Hermagoras Society
The Hermagoras Society (Slovene: Družba sv. Mohorja or Mohorjeva družba) is Slovenia's oldest publishing house and has branches in Klagenfurt (Austria), Celje (Slovenia), and Gorizia (Italy). Named after Catholic Saint Hermagoras of Aquileia it originated on July 27, 1851 at the behest of Bishop Anton Martin Slomšek for the purpose of instructing Slovenes in reading and writing. By 1918 the society had over 90,000 members and had published more than 16.3 million books. In 1940 during World War II both the Klagenfurt and Celje locations were closed down by the Nazis, who confiscated the printing presses and destroyed books.After World War II ended, the printing presses were returned, and the Hermagoras Society resumed operation. Since then the Gorizia branch of the Hermagoras Society has published the monthly magazine Družina in Dom (Family and Home) and the encyclopedia Primorski Biografski Leksikon (Encyclopedia of Littoral Biography). The branch cooperates with the Klagenfurt location in publishing an annual almanac (Slov. Koledar). The Celje location, meanwhile, was nationalized after World War II and forced to publish exclusively socialist materials until 1970, when it was reorganized. While its membership has fluctuated from 60,000 members in 1970 to 25,000 in 1990, as of 1991 it remained one of the three largest publishers in Slovenia.In 2001 the Hermagoras Society celebrated its 150th anniversary, and the first president of Slovenia, Milan Kučan, gave a speech commemorating the society's publication of 40 million books in Slovene since its founding.Janez (given name)
Janez is a Slovene form of the given name John.
Janez Burger (born 1965), film director
Janez Drnovšek (1950–2008), second president of Slovenia
Janez Drozg (1933–2005), film director
Janez Janša (born 1958), fifth prime minister of Slovenia
Janez Lapajne (born 1967), film director
Janez Vajkard Valvasor (1641–1693), Slovene name of Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, scholar and polymath, member of the Royal SocietyJanez Drnovšek
Janez Drnovšek (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈjàːnɛz dəɾˈnɔ́ːwʃək]; 17 May 1950 – 23 February 2008) was a Slovenian liberal politician, President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1989–1990), Prime Minister of Slovenia (1992–2002) and President of Slovenia (2002–2007).Janez Podobnik
Janez Podobnik (born 17 September 1959) is a Slovenian conservative politician.
Podobnik was born in the small town of Cerkno in western Slovenia, in what was then the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. He studied medicine at the University of Ljubljana, where he graduated in 1984. From 1984 to 1990, he worked as a general physician in Idrija.
He entered politics during the period of democratization known as the Slovenian spring. In 1990, he joined the Slovenian People's Party and was elected as the first non-communist mayor of Idrija after World War II. In 1992, he was elected to the Slovenian National Assembly. During the coalition government between the Slovenian People's Party and the left Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, Podobnik served as speaker of the National Assembly (1996–2000). In 1997, he unsuccessfully ran for president of Slovenia, but was defeated in a runoff by the incumbent Milan Kučan.
He was reelected to the parliament in 2000, and he served as the head of the parliament group of the Slovenian People's Party from 2000 to 2004. In 2003, he was elected president of the Slovenian People's Party. In 2004, the party entered the centre-right government led by Janez Janša, and Podobnik became minister of the environment. In November 2007, Podobnik resigned as president of the Slovenian People's Party, which was defeated in the parliamentary election in September 2008.
Podobnik is a devout Roman Catholic. He is married and has one child, Rok. His brother, Marjan Podobnik, also a politician, was the president of the Slovenian People's Party from 1992 to 2000, and deputy prime minister from 1997 to 2000.Kosovo–Slovenia relations
Kosovo–Slovenian relations are foreign relations between Kosovo and Slovenia. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 and Slovenia recognised it on 5 March 2008. The diplomatic relations were established on 8 April 2008. Slovenia has had an embassy in Pristina since 15 May 2008. The first ambassador of Kosovo in Slovenia has been Anton Berisha, who handed his credentials to the President of Slovenia in January 2010.List of University of Ljubljana people
This is a partially sorted list of notable persons who have had ties to the University of Ljubljana.Milan Kučan
Milan Kučan (pronounced [ˈmíːlaŋ ˈkúːtʃan]; born 14 January 1941) is a Slovenian politician who was the first President of Slovenia from 1991 to 2002.Nova Gorica Grammar School
Nova Gorica Grammar School (Slovene: Gimnazija Nova Gorica) is a coeducational nondenominational state secondary general education school for students aged between 15 and 19. It falls under the gymnasium type of schools, roughly equivalent to preparatory schools in Anglo-American contexts. Located in Nova Gorica, Slovenia, it is considered among the best secondary schools in Slovenia. Many notable personalities attended the schools, including two Prime Ministers of Slovenia, and the current President of Slovenia.Order for Exceptional Merits (Slovenia)
The Order for Exceptional Merits (Slovenian: Red za izredne zasluge), is a state order of the Republic of Slovenia. It is awarded usually for exceptional work and services rendered in advancing the sovereignty, prosperity, renown and progress of Slovenia in the cultural, economic, scientific, social and political spheres. It is conferred to nationals of the country and, exceptionally, groups of citizens, legal persons and other organizations and foreign top statesmen. The order is usually presented by the President of Slovenia in person.Russia–Slovenia relations
Russia–Slovenia relations are foreign relations between Russia and Slovenia. Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 25, 1992. Russia has an embassy in Ljubljana. Slovenia has an embassy in Moscow and two honorary consulates (in Saint Petersburg and Samara).
Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
In March 2011, the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin visited Slovenia and met with the Slovenian Prime Minister Borut Pahor and the President of Slovenia Danilo Türk. The Russian and Slovenian delegations discussed economic, scientific and cultural partnership, especially regarding the construction of the South Stream pipeline.Slovenia and Russia are traditionally strong economic partners. This applies not only to the inter-state relations but also to the ties between regions. The level of economic exchange between Slovenia and various Russian regions is constantly growing. Such growth is supported by agreements on cooperation, joint ventures and business delegations. Russia is steadily in top ten trade partners of Slovenia and exports from this Alpine Republic substantially overweigh imports from Russia.The bilateral relations, however, were seriously affected in 2009 by external factors, namely the global financial and economic crisis led to the downturn of economic activities and lower consumption which, as a consequence, resulted in a significant down-slide in the trade between the two countries.The structure of the trade exchange during the crisis though remained largely the same - 60-70 % of Slovenian exports are pharmaceuticals, wired communications systems, electrical equipment, mechanical installations and paints. Imports from Russia are mostly comprised by oil and gas products and their derivatives, aluminium products, together comprising 70-75 % of the total Russian import.Slovenia Summit 2001
The Slovenia Summit 2001 was a summit meeting between United States President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin (hence also known as the Bush-Putin summit). It took place on June 16, 2001, on the Brdo pri Kranju estate in northern Slovenia. It was hosted by the then Prime Minister of Slovenia Janez Drnovšek and by the President of Slovenia Milan Kučan.Slovenian Alpine Museum
The Slovenian Alpine Museum (Slovene: Slovenski planinski muzej), also the Slovenian Mountaineering Museum, is a mountaineering museum in Mojstrana, in the vicinity of Triglav National Park (Julian Alps), in northwestern Slovenia. It was opened on 7 August 2010 by Danilo Türk, the then President of Slovenia. It is operated by the Jesenice Upper Sava Museum. In June 2016, the Swiss King Albert I Memorial Foundation bestowed it the Albert Mountain Award for its important contribution to the sustainable development of the Alpine space.
|Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|Chairman of the Liberation Front of the Slovenian People|
|3 October 1943||19 February 1944||KPS|
|President of Presidium of the Slovenian People's Liberation Council|
|19 February 1944||1945||KPS|
|President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly|
renamed in 1952 to
|Presidents of the People's Assembly|
|Presidents of the Presidency|
|May 1974||May 1979||ZKS|
|May 1979||7 May 1984||ZKS|
|7 May 1984||May 1988||ZKS|
|May 1988||10 May 1990||ZKS|
|10 May 1990||23 December 1991||Independent|
Presidents of Slovenia
|Presidents of the People's Assembly of SR Slovenia (1945–74)|
|Presidents of the Presidency of SR Slovenia (1974–90)|
|Presidents of Slovenia (1990–present)|
Heads of state and government of Europe