The President of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Prezident Slovenskej republiky) is the head of state of Slovakia and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The president is directly elected by the people for five years, and can be elected for a maximum of two consecutive terms. The presidency is largely a ceremonial office, but the president does exercise certain limited powers with absolute discretion. The president's official residence is the Grassalkovich Palace in Bratislava.
|President of the Slovak Republic
Prezident Slovenskej republiky
since 15 June 2014
|Term length||Five years|
renewable once, consecutively
|Inaugural holder||Michal Kováč|
2 March 1993
|Formation||Constitution of Slovakia|
|Salary||c. 110,880 €|
|Website||President of the Slovak Republic|
The office was established by the constitution of Slovakia on 1 January 1993 when Slovakia permanently split from Czechoslovakia and became independent. The office was vacant until 2 March 1993 when the first president Michal Kováč was elected by the National Council of Slovak Republic. However, in 1998, the National Council was unable to elect a successor to Kováč. The result was that for half a year after Kováč's term ended in March 1998, the position was vacant. The duties and powers of the office were devolved upon the then prime minister and speaker of the National Council. In order to come to a solution, the constitution was changed to transfer election of the president to the people. Presidential elections have been held in 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014.
The current president is Andrej Kiska, who took office on 15 June 2014.
The President of Slovakia has a limited role in policy-making, as the office is largely ceremonial. According to the constitution, the president is the supreme representative of the state both in Slovakia and abroad.
Among the President's constitutional powers are nominating and appointing the Prime Minister, three judges of the constitutional court and three members of the judicial council. The president can also veto any bill or proposal by the National Council, except for constitutional amendments. This veto can be overridden if the National Council passes the same bill again with a majority of all members of the Council, similar to the US system of presidential veto. The president also acts as the commander-in-chief of the Slovak armed forces.
Among their other constitutional duties are signing bills into the law, appointing ministers on the recommendation of the prime minister and appointing various other state officials: generals, professors, judges, rectors, procurators and such. The president can grant pardon, amnesty, commutations, and parole on the recommendation of the minister of justice.
(Lived: 86 years)
|2 March 1993
2 March 1998
|Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
|1993||Chairman of the Federal Assembly of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1992)|
(85 years old)
|15 June 1999
15 June 2004
|Party of Civic Understanding
|1999||Member of the National Council|
Mayor of Košice
(78 years old)
|15 June 2004
15 June 2014
|Movement for Democracy
|2004||Chairman of the National Council (1993–1998)|
(56 years old)
|15 June 2014
|Independent||2014||No prior elected office|
(45 years old)
|15 June 2019
|2019||No prior elected office|
Zuzana Čaputová of the Progressive Slovakia party finished far ahead of the other candidates, receiving 40.6% of the votes, but failed to achieve the necessary threshold of 50%+1 vote from all registered voters to avoid a run-off. Maroš Šefčovič, the Vice-President of the European Commission for the Energy Union, who was running as an independent supported by the governing Smer-SD, was the runner-up with 18.7% of the vote and earned the other place in the run-off. Voter turnout in the first round was 48.74%, the highest percentage for that stage of presidential elections since direct voting for the position was introduced in 1999.
In the second round, Čaputová won election to the presidency, garnering 58.4% of the vote to Šefčovič's 41.6%. She became the first woman to be elected to the position and will become Slovakia's youngest-ever president upon her inauguration on 15 June 2019. The second round turnout of just 41.80% was the lowest for any round of presidential elections in Slovakia. The number of votes with which Čaputová was elected to office is also the lowest for any directly elected Slovakian president to date.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Zuzana Čaputová||Progressive Slovakia||870,415||40.57||1,056,582||58.41|
|Marian Kotleba||Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia||222,935||10.39|
|Milan Krajniak||We Are Family||59,464||2.77|
|Ivan Zuzula||Slovak Conservative Party||3,807||0.18|
|József Menyhárt[a]||Party of the Hungarian Community||1,208||0.06|
|Source: Statistics.sk (1st round), Statistics.sk (2nd round)|
There are two living former Slovak Presidents:
Andrej Kiska (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈandrɛj ˈkiska]; born 2 February 1963) is a Slovak entrepreneur, writer and philanthropist who has been President of Slovakia since 2014. He ran as an independent candidate in the 2014 presidential election and was elected as President in the second round of voting. He has written two books about happiness, success and his life.Boris Zala
Boris Zala is a Slovak social democratic politician, a member of Slovak parliament and the current Chairman of the parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee. He is also Assistant Professor at Constantine the Philosopher University (UKF) in Nitra and Chair of the Political Science and European Studies Department at UKF’s Faculty of Philosophy.Béla Bugár
Béla Bugár (born 7 July 1958) is a Slovak politician of Hungarian ethnicity. He is a member of the Slovak parliament since 1992, briefly serving as its acting Speaker in 2006. He is the leader of the political party Most-Híd.Chief of the General Staff (Slovakia)
The Chief of the General Staff (Slovak: Náčelník Generálneho štábu) is the Chief of the General Staff of the Slovak Armed Forces. He is appointed by the President of Slovakia, who is the commander-in-chief. The current Chief of the General Staff is Lieutenant General Daniel Zmeko.Eduard Kukan
Eduard Kukan (born 26 December 1939) served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia from 1998 to 2006. He was a candidate in the presidential election held on 3 April 2004, and although pre-election polls had suggested he would come in first, he actually came in third behind former prime minister Vladimír Mečiar and Ivan Gašparovič, thus preventing him from contesting the run-off. He was elected Member of the European Parliament (MEP) in 2009.
In 1999, Kukan was appointed United Nations Special Envoy on Kosovo by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, a role he held alongside Carl Bildt.First Lady of Slovakia
The First Lady of Slovakia (Prvá Dáma in Slovak) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Slovakia. The country's current first lady is Martina Kisková, wife of President Andrej Kiska, who had held the position since January 15, 2014. There has been no First Gentleman of Slovakia to date.
The position should not be confused with the husband or wife of the Prime Minister of Slovakia.Government of Slovakia
The Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Vláda Slovenskej republiky) is the head of the executive branch of state in Slovakia.
It is led by the Prime Minister of Slovakia, who is nominated by the President of Slovakia, and is usually the leader of majority party or of majority coalition after an election to the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The Cabinet appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister must gain a vote of confidence in the National Council.Ivan Gašparovič
Ivan Gašparovič (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈiʋaŋ ˈɡaʃpaɾɔʋitʃ]; born 27 March 1941) is a Slovak politician and lawyer who was President of Slovakia from 2004 to 2014. He was also the first Slovak president to be re-elected.Iveta Radičová
Iveta Radičová (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈiʋɛta ˈɾaɟitʃɔʋaː]; born 7 December 1956) served as the first woman Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2010 to 2012. She led a coalition government, in which she also briefly held the post of Minister of Defence in the last five months of the coalition. Previously she had served as Minister of Labour from 2005 to 2006 in the second Dzurinda government.In the 2009 presidential election Iveta Radičová unsuccessfully ran for the office of President of Slovakia. As of March 2012 she stated that she has retired from politics.Ján Čarnogurský
Ján Čarnogurský (born 1 January 1944) is a Slovak former politician, a former Prime Minister of Slovakia (1991–1992) and the former chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement (1990–2000). Today he is chairman of Slovak-Russian association with headquarters in Bratislava.
He is married and has 4 children.Magdaléna Vášáryová
Magdaléna Vášáryová (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmaɡdalɛːna ˈʋaːʃaɾjɔʋaː]; referred also as Magda Vášáryová [ˈmaɡda -]; born 26 August 1948) is a Slovak actress and diplomat, prominent for her liberal anti-nationalist stances. In 1971, she completed her studies at Comenius University in Bratislava. Until 1989, she acted in several Slovak theatres, including Slovak National Theatre, and in numerous movies. She was ambassador of Czechoslovakia in Austria (1990-1993) and ambassador of Slovakia in Poland (2000-2005). She was one of the candidates in the 1999 presidential election, but did not advance to the second round of the election. From February 2005 to July 2006, she held the position of State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia. In the 2006 parliamentary elections, she was elected to the National Council of the Slovak Republic for Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party.
She was considered for the role of Sophie in Sophie's Choice.
In 2016, Vášáryová was awarded by the Prague Society for International Cooperation for fighting communism and corruption during her whole carrier with the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award.Michal Kováč
Michal Kováč (5 August 1930 – 5 October 2016) was the first President of Slovakia, having served from 1993 through 1998.Milan Kňažko
Milan Kňažko (born 28 August 1945) is a Slovak actor and politician. He was one of the leading personalities of the movement Public against Violence in November 1989 and one of the most popular faces of the Velvet Revolution in Slovakia.Movement for Democracy (Slovakia)
The Movement for Democracy (Slovak: Hnutie za demokraciu) is a political party in Slovakia created in 2002 when it split from the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. From 2002 to 2004 the first leader of the party was Ivan Gašparovič, the former president of Slovakia. The leader since 2004 is Jozef Grapa.
In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 0.6% of the popular vote and lost parliamentary representation. Movement for Democracy was part of the Alliance for Europe of the Nations from 2002 to 2009.Old Town, Bratislava
The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak: Staré Mesto) is the historic center and one of the boroughs of Bratislava, in the Bratislava Region of Slovakia. It is coextensive with the smallest Slovak administrative district by area, Bratislava I. It contains the small, but preserved medieval city center, Bratislava Castle and other important landmarks. Bratislava's Old Town is known for its many churches, the Bratislava Riverfront and cultural institutions, it is also the location of most of the foreign states embassies and important Slovak institutions including the National Council of the Slovak Republic; the Summer Archbishop's Palace, seat of the Government of Slovakia; and Grassalkovich Palace, seat of the President of Slovakia.Pavol Hrušovský
Pavol Hrušovský (born 9 June 1952) was the Speaker of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (the Slovak parliament) from 15 October 2002 to 7 February 2006 and party leader of the Christian Democratic Movement (2000–2009).Prime Minister of Slovakia
The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the Government of Slovakia. On paper he is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council. In practice, he is the country's leading political figure.
The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993, when independent Slovakia emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On March 22, 2018, Peter Pellegrini became the 8th and current prime minister.Zuzana Čaputová
Zuzana Čaputová (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈzuzana ˈtʃaputɔʋaː]; née Strapáková; born 21 June 1973) is a Slovak politician, lawyer, and activist who is the president-elect of Slovakia, due to take office on 15 June 2019. Čaputová will be the first woman to hold the presidency, as well as the youngest president in the history of Slovakia, at the of age 45.She first became known by prevailing in a decade-long struggle against the situating of a toxic landfill in her hometown of Pezinok. For this, Čaputová was awarded the 2016 Goldman Environmental Prize.
Čaputová won the 2019 election for president with 58% of the vote in the run-off. "We’ll try to have a constructive relationship with neighbouring countries but at the same time have clear stances and positions based on values," she told an interviewer.Štefan Harabin
Štefan Harabin (born 4 May 1957) is a Slovak judge and politician. He served as chief justice of the Supreme Court of Slovakia for two terms (1998–2003 and 2009–2014) and minister of justice from 2006 to 2009. In 2019 he ran unsuccessfully for President of Slovakia.
Presidents of Slovakia
Heads of state and government of Europe