President of Serbia

The President of Serbia (Serbian: Председник Србије / Predsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic,[1] is the head of state of Serbia.

The current office holder is Aleksandar Vučić, who was elected on 2 April 2017 and took office on 31 May 2017.

President of the Republic of Serbia
Председник Републике Србије
Predsednik Republike Srbije
Flag of the President of Serbia
Standard of the President
Aleksandar Vučić, 2017
Incumbent
Aleksandar Vučić

since 31 May 2017
SeatNovi dvor (Belgrade)
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Inaugural holderSlobodan Milošević
11 January 1991
First holderBoris Tadić
5 June 2006
Websitewww.predsednik.rs

Duties and competences

Largely a ceremonial position, the duties and competences of the President as stipulated in chapter 5, article 112 of the Constitution:[2]

  • Represent Serbia at home and abroad,
  • Proclaim laws upon his/her decree, in accordance with the Constitution,
  • Propose an individual for the position of Prime Minister to Parliament,
  • Propose to the National Assembly holders of positions, in accordance with the Constitution
  • Appoint and dismiss, upon his/her decree, ambassadors of Serbia, upon the proposal of the Government,
  • Receive letters of credit and revocable letters of credit of foreign diplomatic representatives,
  • Grant amnesties and award honours,
  • Administer other affairs stipulated by the Constitution.

Oath of office

While assuming the office, the President of the Republic shall take the following oath before the National Assembly:

I, <name>, do solemnly swear that I will devote all my efforts to preserve the sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, including Kosovo and Metohija as its constituent part, as well as to provide exercise of human and minority rights and freedoms, respect and protection of the Constitution and laws, preservation of peace and welfare of all citizens of the Republic of Serbia and perform all my duties conscientiously and responsibly.[3]

Term of office of the President of the Republic of Serbia

The term of office of the President of the Republic shall last five years and begin from the day of taking of the oath before the National Assembly.

If the term of office of the President of the Republic expires during the state of war or emergency, it shall be extended so that it lasts until the expiry of three months from the day of the end of the state of war, that is, of emergency.

No one shall be elected to a position of the President of the Republic more than twice.

The term of office of the President of the Republic shall end with expiry of the period of time for which he or she has been elected, by his/her resignation or released of duty.

The President of the Republic shall tender his/her resignation to the Chairman of the National Assembly.[4]

Support staff

Advisers to the President carry out the analytical, advisory and other corresponding tasks for the needs of the President of the Republic as well as other expert tasks in relations of the President with the Government and the Parliament.[5]

List of Presidents

Republic of Serbia (2006–present)

Serbia became an independent state on 5 June 2006.

  Democratic Party (1)   Socialist Party (1)   Serbian Progressive Party (2)

Order Head of State Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Presidents after independence
2006 onwards
1
(16)
Boris Tadic 2010   Boris Tadić
Борис Тадић

Boris Tadic signature
born 1958 5 June 2006 5 April 2012 Democratic Party First President of independent Serbia.
Third President of Serbia since dissolution of Yugoslavia.
N/A Slavica Djukic Dejanovic (1)   Slavica Đukić Dejanović
Славица Ђукић Дејановић
born 1951 5 April 2012 31 May 2012 Socialist Party of Serbia Acting head of state as President of the National Assembly.
First female head of state after independence.
2
(17)
Tomislav Nikolić 2012   Tomislav Nikolić
Томислав Николић

Signature Tomislav Nikolic
born 1952 31 May 2012 31 May 2017 Serbian Progressive Party
(formally independent)
Second President of independent Serbia.
Fourth President of Serbia since the dissolution of Yugoslavia.
3
(18)
Aleksandar Vučić crop   Aleksandar Vučić
Александар Вучић

Signature Aleksandar Vucic
born 1970 31 May 2017
(Inaugurated on 23 June 2017)
Incumbent Serbian Progressive Party Third President of independent Serbia.
Fifth President of Serbia since the dissolution of Yugoslavia.

Living former Presidents

Name Term Date of birth
Dušan Čkrebić 1984–1986 August 7, 1927 (age 91)
Milan Milutinović 1997–2002 December 19, 1942 (age 76)
Boris Tadić 2004–2012 January 15, 1958 (age 61)
Tomislav Nikolić 2012–2017 February 15, 1952 (age 67)

See also

References

  1. ^ The President of the Republic Wikisource
  2. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 112 Wikisource
  3. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 114 Wikisource
  4. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 116 Wikisource
  5. ^ Office of the President

External links

2004 Serbian presidential election

Serbia held the first round of its 2004 elections for President of Serbia on Sunday, 13 June 2004, and the second round on Sunday, 27 June 2004. Boris Tadić, the pro-western Democratic Party's candidate, was the eventual victor.

Aleksandar Vučić

Aleksandar Vučić (Serbian Cyrillic: Александар Вучић, pronounced [aleksǎːndar ʋǔtʃitɕ]; born 5 March 1970) is a Serbian politician who has been the President of Serbia since 31 May 2017. After leaving the ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party in 2008, he became one of the founders of the populist conservative Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) and he has been the party's Chairman since 2012.

Before his tenure as his country's president Vučić served as the Prime Minister of Serbia in two terms from 2014-2016 and from 2016 until 2017, as well as the Deputy Prime Minister since 2012 until 2014. Furthermore, Vučić served as a member of the Serbian parliament, Minister of Information from 1998 to 2000 under the Slobodan Milošević regime and later as Minister of Defence from 2012 to 2013.

In April 2017, Vučić was elected President of Serbia with over 55% of the vote in the first round, thus avoiding a second round. He formally assumed office on 31 May 2017, succeeding Tomislav Nikolić. His ceremonial inauguration ceremony was held on 23 June 2017. Observers have described his rule as authoritarian or autocratic, criticizing curtailed press freedom. His political positions are described as pro-European Union, conservative and populist.

Boris Tadić

Boris Tadić (Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [bǒris tǎdiːt͡ɕ], Serbian Cyrillic: Борис Тадић; born 15 January 1958) is a Serbian politician who served as President of Serbia from 2004 to 2012. He was elected to his first term on 27 June 2004, when Serbia was part of Serbia and Montenegro, and re-elected for a second term on 3 February 2008, this time as president of independent Serbia. He resigned on 5 April 2012 in order to trigger an early election. Prior to his presidency, Tadić served as the last Minister of Telecommunications of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and as the first Minister of Defence of Serbia and Montenegro. He is a psychologist by profession.

Tadić was a member of the Democratic Party since its establishment in 1990, and its president since 2004. Following his defeat in the 2012 presidential election and poor party ratings, he stepped down in November 2012, to take the position of the party's Honorary President. After a split with the new leadership in January 2014, Tadić left the Democratic Party and formed his own New Democratic Party (later renamed Social Democratic Party) for the 2014 parliamentary election.

Tadić strongly advocates close ties with the European Union and Serbia's European integration. He is widely regarded as a pro-Western leader, who also favors balanced relations with Russia, the United States and the EU.

Dragan Maršićanin

Dragan Maršićanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Драган Маршићанин; born 26 January 1950) is a Serbian economist and politician. He was the ambassador of Serbia to Switzerland, serving from 2004 to 2009. He served as the Minister of Economy in 2004, only to leave it in order to run for president in 2004. He later resigned from the position and was replaced by Predrag Bubalo in October, 2004.

In the Serbian presidential election, 2004 Maršićanin finished 4th with 13.3% of the vote.

He has been President of the National Assembly of Serbia in 2001 and 2004 and the interim acting President of Serbia between 4 February and 3 March 2004.

Maršićanin graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Economics. Following university studies, he worked for companies such as Elektron, Novi Kolektiv and Belgrade Water Utility Company. He has been a member of the Democratic Party of Serbia since the party's founding. For a time he was the secretary of party, and currently is its vice-president. He served as chairman of Vračar municipality in Belgrade until 1996.

Dragan Tomić

Dragan Tomić (Serbian: Драган Томић) (born 1936 in Pristina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is a former Speaker of the National Assembly, holding the position from 1994 to 2001. A member of the Socialist Party of Serbia, he next became acting President of Serbia from 23 July to 29 December 1997.

He was preceded by Slobodan Milošević and succeeded by Milan Milutinović.

Dušan Čkrebić

Dušan Čkrebić (born 7 August 1927) is a Serbian politician. He was the Prime Minister, President of Assembly and President of Serbia. He was a member of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

Čkrebić was born in Niš, Serbia.

Ivica Dačić

Ivica Dačić (Serbian Cyrillic: Ивица Дачић, pronounced [îʋit͡sa dât͡ʃit͡ɕ]; born 1 January 1966) is a Serbian politician who has been the Minister of Foreign Affairs since April 2014. He is the leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia.

From 2008 to April 2014, he served as Minister of Internal Affairs, while concurrently also serving as Prime Minister of Serbia for part of that tenure, from July 2012 until 2014. He also served as Acting Prime Minister of Serbia from 31 May 2017 until 29 June 2017, after the incumbent Prime Minister, Aleksandar Vučić, was sworn in as President of Serbia. He was succeeded in office by Ana Brnabić on 29 June 2017.Dačić graduated from the University of Belgrade in 1989 and joined the Socialist Party in 1991. He quickly rose up the ranks of the party, becoming its spokesman in 1992, under his mentor, Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia and FR Yugoslavia.Following the election defeat of Slobodan Milošević and his ousting (2000–2001), Dačić became a member of the main board, and became party leader in 2006. Like his predecessor Slobodan Milošević, he is regarded as a pragmatic leader willing to change views based on circumstance and has worked to reform the party. The Socialist Party of Serbia is currently in a coalition with the conservative Serbian Progressive Party. Commentators describe his political positions as nationalist.

Jovan Veselinov

Jovan Veselinov (20 January 1906 — 8 February 1982) was a Serbian communist politician. He served as President of Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia and as a Chairman of the League of Communists of Serbia. He was a Partisan fighter in World War II, and was proclaimed People's Hero of Yugoslavia.

Milan Milutinović

Milan Milutinović (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Милутиновић; born 19 December 1942) is a Serbian politician who served as the second President of Serbia from 1997 to 2002. He served as Secretary for Education and Science of Serbia (1977-82), Director of the National Library of Serbia (1983–87), Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to Greece (1989-95), Yugoslavia's Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs (1995–97), and as President of Serbia from 1997 until 2002.

After his presidential term expired in December 2002, he surrendered to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia where he was tried for war crimes. He was found not guilty on all charges on 26 February 2009.

Milutin Mrkonjić

Milutin Mrkonjić (Serbian Cyrillic: Милутин Мркоњић; pronounced [milǔtin mr̩̂kɔɲitɕ]; born 23 May 1942) is a Serbian politician. He co-founded the Socialist Party of Serbia together with Slobodan Milošević.

Mirko Jović

Mirko Jović (Serbian Cyrillic: Мирко Јовић; born 13 August 1959 in Zemun) is a Serbian politician who stood for president of Serbia in the Serbian presidential election, 2004 for the Radical Party of People, Serbia, Diaspora and European Bloc. He lives in Nova Pazova.

Nebojša Pavković

Nebojša Pavković (Serbian Cyrillic: Небојша Павковић; born 10 April 1946) is the former Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia from February 2000 to June 2002. He also served as the Commandeer of Third Army of the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War, from December 1998 to February 2000.

In 2009, he was convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) of committing crimes against humanity and war crimes in the Kosovo War.

President of Serbia and Montenegro

The President of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе) was the head of state of Serbia and Montenegro. From its establishment in 1992 until 2003, when the country was reconstituted as a confederacy (state union) via constitutional reform, the head of state was known as the President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Председник Савезне Републике Југославије). With the constitutional reforms of 2003 and the merging of the offices of head of government and head of state, the full title of the president was President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе / Председник Савета министара Србије и Црне Горе). In 2006 the office was abolished as the state union was dissolved, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries. Kosovo became an independent country in 2008.

Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro

The Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro was the head of government of Serbia and Montenegro from its establishment in 1992 up until the state's dissolution in 2006. Between 1992–2003 the full name of the office was President of the Federal Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Predsednik Savezne Vlade Savezne Republike Jugoslavije), while after the constitutional reforms of 2003 the title was Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Predsednik Saveta ministara Srbije i Crne Gore, literally translated as President of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro). The office was merged in 2003 with the head of state, providing for one person to hold both the office of President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro.

Serbian Progressive Party

The Serbian Progressive Party (Serbian: Српска напредна странка/Srpska napredna stranka or CHC/SNS) is a populist conservative political party in Serbia.

Founded in 2008 as a split from the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), the culmination of a decade-long conflict within the SRS between the party's moderate and hard-line wings, the SNS managed to retain the former's national conservative outlook, while adopting distinct pro-European policies.

This combination has transformed the SNS into the current ruling party in Serbia, being the senior party in the current government coalition, the party's leader Aleksandar Vučić in turn serving as the President of Serbia. As of August 2018, the party holds 96 seats in the National Assembly.

Slavica Đukić Dejanović

Slavica Đukić Dejanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Славица Ђукић Дејановић, pronounced [slâʋitsa dʑûkitɕ dɛjǎːnɔʋitɕ], born 4 July 1951) is a Serbian politician, current Minister without portfolio in the Government of Serbia, and former Minister of Health in the Government of Serbia, acting Head of State of Serbia and President of the National Assembly of Serbia, and a long-time member of the Socialist Party of Serbia.Dejanović is the second woman at the head of the National Assembly of Serbia, after Nataša Mićić, who was President of Parliament 2001-2004, and the first one in the independent Serbia. In that role she was also the Acting President of Serbia following the resignation of Boris Tadić in 2012 and was the first woman to hold the post of Head of State of Serbia since independence in 2006.

Tomislav Nikolić

Tomislav Nikolić (Serbian Cyrillic: Томислав Николић, Serbian pronunciation: [tǒmislaʋ nǐkolit͡ɕ]; born 15 February 1952) is a Serbian politician who served as the President of Serbia from 2012 to 2017. He is also the founder of the Serbian Progressive Party, and he led the party until his election as President. In the 2012 presidential election, he was elected to a five-year term as President in a second round of voting.

Born in village Bajčetina in Kragujevac, Nikolić was a long-time member and MP of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS). He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia from 1998 to 1999 and Deputy Prime Minister of FR Yugoslavia in the coalition government from 1999 to 2000. Nikolić was the Radical Party's deputy leader from 2003, and he briefly served as the President of the National Assembly of Serbia in 2007. In 2008 he resigned following a disagreement with party leader Vojislav Šešelj regarding Serbia's relations with the European Union, as Nikolić became in favor of Serbia's accession to the EU, a move that was staunchly opposed by Šešelj and his faction. Nikolić formed the Serbian Progressive Party, which several SRS members joined.

Nikolić ran for the President of Yugoslavia in the 2000 elections and was placed third. He also ran four times for President of Serbia (in 2003, 2004, 2008, and 2012 elections). In 2003 he garnered the most votes, but the election was cancelled due to low turnout, while in 2004 and 2008 he was placed second behind Boris Tadić. In 2012, he won the runoff against Tadić to become President of Serbia.

Vojislav Koštunica

Vojislav Koštunica (Serbian Cyrillic: Војислав Коштуница, pronounced [ʋǒjislaʋ koʃtǔnit͡sa] (listen); born 24 March 1944) is a former Serbian politician. He was the last president of Yugoslavia from 2000 to 2003, and the prime minister of Serbia in two terms (from 2004 to 2007, and from 2007 to 2008).He was one of the founders and the first president of the Democratic Party of Serbia since its creation in 1992 until 19 March 2014, when he resigned as party president and retired from active politics after his party failed to reach 5% threshold to enter the Parliament on March 16 elections for the first time in its history. In October 2014, he left the party after disagreements with new party leadership over what he saw as their abandonment of the policy of political neutrality.In November 2014, he was one of the founders of Statehood Movement of Serbia.

Zoran Stanković

Zoran Stanković (Serbian Cyrillic: Зоран Станковић, pronounced [zǒran stǎːŋkoʋit͡ɕ]; born 9 November 1954) is a Serbian politician. He served as the Minister of Defence in the Government of Serbia and the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro and Minister of Health in the Government of Serbia. His affiliation is independent.

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