The President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the head of state of the TRNC. Rauf Denktaş was the first and founding president of Northern Cyprus, and retired in 2005. His position was taken over by Mehmet Ali Talat, followed by Derviş Eroğlu and the current president, Mustafa Akıncı.
The president is elected every five years. Presidential elections are held in two rounds if no candidate gains more than 50% of the votes in the first round. It is necessary that the president is originated from the island of Cyprus. It is also necessary that he/she has lived in the country for five years, has received secondary education and he/she is over 30 years old.
The presidency is not a ceremonial position in the semi-presidential political system of Northern Cyprus. The President reserves the right to dismiss the Assembly of the Republic in case a government cannot be formed within sixty days or three successive governments receive votes of no confidence. He or she also can preside over the Council of Ministers if he or she wishes to do so, approves the appointments of the judges and president of the Supreme Court and has the right to send laws approved by the Assembly of the Republic to the Supreme Court. The President has also traditionally been the chief negotiator for the resolution of the Cyprus dispute and been responsible for the foreign relations of Northern Cyprus.
|President of the|
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti cumhurbaşkanı
since 30 April 2015
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Rauf Denktaş|
|Formation||15 November 1983|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of Office||Political origin|
|15 November 1983||24 April 2005||National Unity Party|
|2||Mehmet Ali Talat
|2005||24 April 2005||23 April 2010||Republican Turkish Party|
|2010||23 April 2010||30 April 2015||National Unity Party|
|2015||30 April 2015||Incumbent||Communal Democracy Party|
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Sibel Siber||Republican Turkish Party||24,271||22.53|
|Arif Salih Kırdağ||Independent||530||0.49|
|Mustafa Onurer||Cyprus Socialist Party||428||0.40|
|Source: High Election Committee - first round, run-off|
Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus on Sunday April 17, 2005. It followed parliamentary elections in the internationally unrecognised country on February 20, which had been won by the pro-unification Republican Turkish Party (CTP).
It is traditional in Turkish Cypriot presidential elections for political parties to nominate individuals as their candidate, although the number of independents have increased in recent polls. The CTP nominated its leader, Mehmet Ali Talat, who emerged as the clear winner with a 56% share of the vote. The notable absence in this election was the first and at that point only president of Northern Cyprus, Rauf Denktaş. He had announced in mid-2004 that he would not be running again.2014 Cyprus talks
A joint declaration was made on 11 February 2014 at the start of renewed negotiations to settle the Cyprus dispute. The following talks between Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus, and Derviş Eroğlu, President of Northern Cyprus, were stalled in October 2014.2015–17 Cyprus talks
Talks to resolve the Cyprus problem starting from 12 May 2015 to 7 July 2017, when the President of the Republic of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades and President of Northern Cyprus Mustafa Akıncı met for the first time and restarted peace talks. The talk was brought to a halt when both sides failed to negotiate a deal.Afrika (newspaper)
Afrika is a daily newspaper published in Northern Cyprus. Its chief editor is Şener Levent. It supports the reunification of Cyprus and espouses left-wing values, being characterised in scholarship as radical left.Bayrak
Bayrak Radio Television Corporation (Turkish: Bayrak Radyo Televizyon Kurumu), is the official radio and television broadcasting corporation of the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.Council of Ministers (Northern Cyprus)
The Council of Ministers (Turkish: Bakanlar Kurulu) is the executive branch of the government of the unrecognized state Northern Cyprus, consisting of ministers. The council is chaired by the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus and the ministers head executive departments of the government. The President of Northern Cyprus reserved the right to chair the Council of Ministers, albeit without voting. The maximum number of ministries, as defined by the constitution, is ten.The Council of Ministers is appointed by the Prime Minister, and the program of the government needs to be read out in the Assembly of the Republic within a week of the appointment. The cabinet then needs to receive a vote of confidence by the majority of the members of the Assembly. A vote of no confidence can be initiated after three months has elapsed, by nine members of the Assembly.Derviş Eroğlu
Derviş Eroğlu (born March 7, 1938) is a Turkish Cypriot politician, who served as the third President of Northern Cyprus. Previously, he was Prime Minister (1985–94, 1996–2004 and again 2009–10) and twice-leader of the National Unity Party. He became President on 23 April 2010, serving until 30 April 2015.Famagusta Namık Kemal High School
Famagusta Namık Kemal High School is a secondary school located in Famagusta, Northern Cyprus. It was founded in 1944. Many famous Cypriots have graduated from Famagusta Namık Kemal High School.Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus is recognised only by Turkey, a country which facilitates many of its contacts with the international community. After declaring independence from the Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus' relations with the rest of the world were further complicated by a series of United Nations resolutions which declared its independence legally invalid. A 2004 UN Referendum on settling the Cyprus dispute was accepted by the Turkish Cypriots but rejected by the Greek Cypriots. After that, the European Union declared its intentions to assist in reducing the economic isolation of Northern Cyprus and began giving aid to the territory. However, due to pressure from Greece and the Republic of Cyprus, this aid coming from EU funds cannot be used on Greek Cypriot land and property nor on public bodies. As a result, these funds can be used only on around 20 percent of the territory under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.There is an embargo against the entity in many areas, decisively affecting its attempts at international contacts and representation.January 13
January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 352 days remain until the end of the year (353 in leap years).January 27
January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 338 days remain until the end of the year (339 in leap years).Kudret Özersay
Kudret Özersay (born 16 December 1973) is a Turkish Cypriot academic, diplomat and politician. A scholar in international politics by profession, he served in the negotiations to solve the Cyprus dispute between 2002 and 2012 and in 2014. He was the Special Representative of the President of Northern Cyprus between 2010 and 2012 and again in 2014. He established and led the Toparlanıyoruz Movement and is one of the founders and the current leader of People's Party.List of Cypriots
The following is a list of Cypriots notable enough to have their own article. They are sorted by field, then by surname (both in alphabetical order).Mehmet Ali Talat
Mehmet Ali Talat (born 6 July 1952) is a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the President of Northern Cyprus from 2005 to 2010. Talat is the leader of the social democratic Republican Turkish Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, CTP), having previously held this position between 1996 and 2005. He became prime minister in 2004, and subsequently won the presidential election held on 17 April 2005. Talat was inaugurated on 25 April 2005, succeeding retiring leader Rauf Denktaş. He lost the presidential election of 2010 and was replaced by Derviş Eroğlu as President.Mustafa Akıncı
Mustafa Akıncı (Turkish pronunciation: [mustafa akɯndʒɯ]; born 28 December 1947) is a Turkish Cypriot politician serving as the current President of Northern Cyprus. He took office in April 2015.
An architect by profession, Akıncı became the first elected mayor of the Nicosia Turkish Municipality in 1976 at the age of 28, defeating a candidate endorsed by President Rauf Denktaş as the candidate of the Communal Liberation Party (TKP). He held this position for an uninterrupted term of 14 years until 1990, leading several projects for the city that won him international awards including the Aga Khan Award for Architecture and collaborating with his Greek Cypriot counterpart. Meanwhile, he rose to prominence and gained influence within his party, first becoming Secretary General and then leader in 1987. He served as a member of the Assembly of the Republic between 1993 and 2009 and as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State between 1999 and 2001. His leadership of the TKP ended in 2001. He established the Peace and Democracy Movement in 2003 and served as its leader.Akıncı is a long-standing advocate of the reunification of Cyprus and has opposed Turkey's increasing influence in Northern Cyprus.Mümtaz Soysal
Osman Mümtaz Soysal (born September 15, 1929) is a Turkish professor of constitutional law, political scientist, Kemalist politician, human rights activist, ex-prisoner of conscience, senior advisor, columnist and author.
Mümtaz Soysal served as the 30th Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1994. He was a Member of Parliament at Constituent Assembly in 1961 and Grand National Assembly from 1991 to 1999.
He actively contributed to constitutions of Turkey (1961) and the DR Congo (2006). He was constitutional advisor of the President of Northern Cyprus Rauf Denktaş.
He elected to Amnesty International International Executive Committee in September 1974 as the first Turkish and the first ex-prisoner of conscience member ever. He served as the vice-chairman of Amnesty International from 1976 to 1978. He became the first winner of the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education in 1978.
As a hardline Kemalist statist, Mümtaz Soysal persistently worked against privatisation policies and initiatives of Turkish governments, especially in the 1990s. He founded Center for Development of Public Enterprise in April 1994, and the organisation was converted to a foundation in 1996.
Mümtaz Soysal was members of the Republican People's Party, the Social Democratic Populist Party and the Democratic Left Party. In 2002, he founded the Independent Republican Party with many academics and served as the first chairman of the party from 2002 to 2014.Outline of Northern Cyprus
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Cyprus:
Northern Cyprus – de facto independent republic on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. Officially it is the northern territory of the Republic of Cyprus. The territory includes the Kokkina exclave, a pene-enclave "of" the rest of Cyprus, partly surrounded by sea.
The TRNC declared independence in 1983, nine years after a Greek Cypriot coup attempting to annex the island to Greece triggered an invasion by Turkey. It has received diplomatic recognition only from Turkey, on which it is dependent for economic, political and military support. The rest of the international community, including the United Nations and European Union, recognises the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island.Rauf Denktaş
Rauf Raif Denktaş, sometimes Rauf Denktash in English, (27 January 1924 – 13 January 2012) was a Turkish Cypriot politician, barrister and jurist who served as the founding President of Northern Cyprus. He occupied this position as the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus between the declaration of the de facto state by Denktaş in 1983 and 2005, as the President of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus between 1975 and 1983 and as the President of the Autonomous Turkish Cypriot Administration between 1974 and 1975. He was also elected in 1973 as the Vice-President of the Republic of Cyprus.Republican Turkish Party
The Republican Turkish Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, CTP) is a social-democratic political party in Northern Cyprus. The party was founded in 1970 by Ahmet Mithat Berberoğlu, a lawyer, in opposition to the leadership of Fazıl Küçük and Rauf Denktaş.
On 30 June 2008, the Republican Turkish Party became a consultative member of the Socialist International (voted in by all members except the Greek Cypriot Movement for Social Democracy). It became a full member of the organization in 2014.
Northern Cyprus articles
Heads of state and government of Europe