President of North Macedonia

The President of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut) is the head of state of North Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern North Macedonia state began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The North Macedonia presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of North Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.

The president must be a citizen of North Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in North Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.[2]

President of North Macedonia
Претседател на Република Северна Македонија
Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut
Coat of arms of the President of North Macedonia
Ǵorge Ivanov 2012-04-27
Incumbent
Gjorge Ivanov

since 12 May 2009
ResidenceVilla Vodno[1]
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderKiro Gligorov
27 January 1991
FormationMacedonian Constitution
16 April 1991
Websitehttp://www.pretsedatel.mk/

Electoral system

The President of North Macedonia is elected using a modified two-round system; a candidate can only be elected in the first round of voting if they receive the equivalent of over 50% of the vote from all registered voters.[3] In the second round, voter turnout must be at least 40% for the result to be deemed valid.[4]

The Constitution mandates that the President must be over 40 years of age and have lived in the country for ten of the last fifteen years.

Before 2009, the constitution required a 50 % turnout in the second round. The XXXI amendment voted on 9 January 2009 by all 86 present deputies lowered it to the current 40 %[5], as the governement feared the tendency of ever lower election turnout would make presidential elections frequently invalidated. In the 2009 Macedonian presidential election that followed, the turnout in the second round ended up being 42.6 %[6].

History

During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at the first plenary session of ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[7]

Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[8] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[9] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and took office on 12 May 2009. He was re-elected in 2014.

List of Presidents of North Macedonia

Socialist Republic of Macedonia

Parties

  KPM/SKM   Independent

Status
Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party
President of Initiatory Committee for Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation of Macedonia
1943–1944
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
Čento-vsv 1 October 1943 2 August 1944 Communist Party of Macedonia
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation (ASNOM)
1944–1945
Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
Čento-vsv 2 August 1944 1 January 1945 Communist Party of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
1945–1953
Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
Čento-vsv 1 January 1945 15 March 1946 Communist Party of Macedonia
Dimitar Nestorov
(1890–1968)
No image 16 March 1946 30 December 1946 Communist Party of Macedonia
2 Blagoja Fotev
(1900–1993)
Богоја Фотев 1947 4 January 1951 Communist Party of Macedonia
Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
Vidoe Smilevski 4 January 1951 1953 Communist Party of Macedonia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the People's Assembly
1953–1974
3 Dimče Stojanov
(1910–1991)
No image 1953 19 December 1953 League of Communists of Macedonia
4 Lazar Koliševski
(1914–2000)
Lazar Koliševski, foto 19 December 1953 26 June 1962 League of Communists of Macedonia
5 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
Ljupčo Arsov 26 June 1962 24 June 1963 League of Communists of Macedonia
6 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
Vidoe Smilevski 25 June 1963 12 May 1967 League of Communists of Macedonia
7 Mito Hadživasilev
(1921–1968)
No image 12 May 1967 1 August 1968 League of Communists of Macedonia
8 Nikola Minčev
(1915–1997)
No image 23 December 1968 6 May 1974 League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1991
9 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
Vidoe Smilevski 6 May 1974 31 October 1979 League of Communists of Macedonia
10 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
Ljupčo Arsov 31 October 1979 29 April 1982 League of Communists of Macedonia
11 Angel Čemerski
(1923–2005)
Ангел Чемерски 29 April 1982 29 April 1983 League of Communists of Macedonia
12 Blagoja Taleski
(1924–2001)
No image 29 April 1983 29 April 1984 League of Communists of Macedonia
13 Tome Bukleski
( 1921-2018)
No image 29 April 1984 26 April 1985 League of Communists of Macedonia
14 Vančo Apostolski
(1925–2008)
No image 26 April 1985 28 April 1986 League of Communists of Macedonia
Mateja Matevski
(1929–2018)
Матеја Матевски 28 April 1986 30 April 1986 League of Communists of Macedonia
15 Dragoljub Stavrev
(1932–2003)
No image 30 April 1986 May 1988 League of Communists of Macedonia
16 Jezdimir Bogdanski
(1930–2007)
Ezdimir Bogdanski May 1988 28 April 1990 League of Communists of Macedonia
17 Vladimir Mitkov
(born 1931)
No image 28 April 1990 27 January 1991 League of Communists of Macedonia
18 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
Kiro Gligorov 27 January 1991 18 September 1991 Independent

Republic of Macedonia / North Macedonia

Parties

  LPM   DA   VMRO–DPMNE   SDSM   Independent

Status
Name
(Birth – death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political affiliation
1 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
Kiro Gligorov 1994 18 September 1991 4 October 1995 Independent
Stojan Andov
(born 1935)
No image 4 October 1995 17 November 1995 Liberal Party of Macedonia
(1) Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
Kiro Gligorov 17 November 1995 19 November 1999 Independent
Savo Klimovski
(born 1947)
No image 19 November 1999 15 December 1999 Democratic Alternative
2 Boris Trajkovski
(1956–2004)
BorisTrajkovski1 1999 15 December 1999 26 February 2004
(Died in plane crash)
VMRO-DPMNE
Ljupčo Jordanovski
(1953–2010)
No image 26 February 2004 12 May 2004 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
3 Branko Crvenkovski
(born 1962)
Branko-Crvenkovski 2004 12 May 2004 12 May 2009 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
4 Gjorge Ivanov
(born 1960)
Ǵorge Ivanov 2012-04-27 2009
2014
12 May 2009 Incumbent
(Term ends on 12 May 2019)
VMRO-DPMNE

Notes

Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest election

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Gjorge Ivanov VPMO-DPMNE 449,442 51.69 534,910 55.28
Stevo Pendarovski Social Democratic Union 326,164 37.51 398,077 41.14
Ilijaz Halimi Democratic Party of Albanians 38,966 4.48
Zoran T. Popovski Citizen Option for Macedonia 31,368 3.61
Invalid/blank votes 23,677 34,707
Total 869,547 100 967,676 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,779,572 48.86 1,779,572 54.36
Source: SEC

See also

References

  1. ^ www.dnevnik.com.mk Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, Article 80.
  3. ^ Polls Open in Macedonia Presidential Elections Balkan Insight, 13 April 2014
  4. ^ AMENDMENT XXXI Constitution of North Macedonia
  5. ^ (in English) Amendement XXXI
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje Archived 2012-06-30 at Archive.today (in Macedonian)
  8. ^ Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when the Socialist Republic of Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine, see: 1991 (in Macedonian)

External links

Blerim Reka

Blerim Reka (Macedonian: Блерим Река) is an ethnic Albanian academic from North Macedonia. Blerim Reka is running as an independent presidential candidate in the 2019 North Macedonian presidential election.

Boris Trajkovski

Boris Trajkovski (Macedonian: Борис Трајковски [ˈbɔris ˈtrajkɔfski] (listen); 25 June 1956 – 26 February 2004) was the president and Supreme Commander of the Republic of Macedonia from 1999 to 2004, when he died in a plane crash.

Trajkovski was born into a Methodist family. His father, Kiro, who died in September 2008, was a landworker who had served in the Bulgarian Army and had been imprisoned for two years for feeding prisoners of war. Trajkovski graduated in 1980 with a degree in law from the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje. He subsequently specialized in commercial and employment law and made several visits to the United States, where he studied theology to become a Methodist lay minister.

After he finished his studies, the communist government confined him for a time to a remote village because of his religious activities. There he took care of Kočani, an impoverished partly Romani congregation of the Evangelical Methodist Church of Macedonia, connected to the United Methodist Church of the U.S. Following political liberalisation in the 1980s, he went on to head the legal department of the Sloboda construction company in Skopje. He served as Methodist youth secretary in the former Yugoslavia for over 12 years. Later he was President of the Church Council of the Macedonian Evangelical Methodist Church. From 1988 he took part in the ongoing Youth Exchange programme between the Methodist Church of Macedonia and the Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead Methodist Circuit in England. In 1991, he studied English at a Christian Language College in Bournemouth, England.

Chief of the General Staff (North Macedonia)

The Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Началник на Генералштабот на Армија на Република северна Македонија) is the Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Republic of North Macedonia.

Coat of arms of the President of North Macedonia

The coat of arms of the President of the Republic of North Macedonia is the official coat of arms of the President of North Macedonia. It was adopted 2 December 2009, modified by the president Gorge Ivanov and produced by the Macedonian Heraldry Society.

The coat of arms is made of the flag of North Macedonia on a shield, and below the shield there is a wreath of Macedonian Oak with sixteen leaves and sixteen acorns in total. The colours are the national colours of North Macedonia, and the oak is traditional Orthodox symbol, as well as typical Macedonian flora.

The emblem is the work of the Macedonian heraldists Stojanče Veličkovski, Petar Gajdov and Jovan Jonovski - all members of the Macedonian Heraldry Society.

First Lady of North Macedonia

The First Lady of North Macedonia (Прва Дама на Severna Македонија in Macedonian) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of North Macedonia. The country's current is Maja Ivanova, wife of President Gjorge Ivanov, who has held the position since May 12, 2009. There has been no First Gentleman of North Macedonia to date.

Gjorge Ivanov

Gjorge Ivanov (Macedonian: Ѓорге Иванов, pronounced [ˈɟɔrɡɛ ˈivanɔf]; born 2 May 1960) is a Macedonian politician, currently serving as President of North Macedonia, in office since 2009.

Ivanov

Ivanov (Bulgarian, Russian: Иванов), Ivanoff or Ivanow (masculine), or Ivanova (Иванова; feminine) is one of the most common surnames in Russia and Bulgaria. The surname is derived from the male given name Ivan (related to John) and literally means Ivan's.

List of Speakers of the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia

This article lists the Speakers of the Assembly of North Macedonia, from the establishment of ASNOM in 1944 to the present day.

List of state visits made by Gjorge Ivanov

This is a list of state visits made by Gjorge Ivanov, the 4th President of North Macedonia.

Ljupčo Arsov

Ljupčo Arsov (19 May 1910 – 18 November 1986) was a Macedonian communist politician. He was the Prime Minister of PR Macedonia from December 1953 to June 1961.

Macedonian Heraldry Society

The Macedonian Heraldry Society (MHS) is the only professional body in the field of heraldry, vexillology, phaleristics, chivalristics and nobiliar issues in North Macedonia. The society was founded on 2 July 2003 in Skopje.

Manaki Brothers Film Festival

The International Cinematographers Film Festival "Manaki Brothers" (known short as Manaki Film Festival; Macedonian: Интернационалниот фестивал на филмска камера "Браќа Манаки"; ИФФК Браќа Манаки) is an annual international Macedonian film festival organized by the Macedonian Film Professionals Association (MFPA). The festival is held in Bitola, the town where most of the activities of the Aromanian brothers Yanaki and Milton Manaki were organized. They were the filmmakers, who in 1905 filmed in Avdela the first motion pictures in the Ottoman Balkans. Each year the festival is supported by the Ministry of Culture of Macedonia and the President of North Macedonia. The award of the festival is Camera 300 that given to the year's best motion pictures chosen by the festival's film committee.The Manaki Film Festival has been hosted at the Center of culture, with screenings at the Big Hall, located in the center of Bitola and has been attended by celebrities such as Thierry Frémont, Tardu Flordun, Richard Sammel, Torsten Voges, Rade Šerbedžija, Miki Manojlović, Mirjana Karanović, Michael York, Charles Dance, Victoria Abril, Daryl Hannah, Catherine Deneuve, Isabelle Huppert, Julliette Binoche, Aleksei Serebryakov and Bruno Ganz.

Orders, decorations, and medals of North Macedonia

The system of orders and medals of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Ордени и медали на Република Северна Македонија) is regulated by the Law on Awarding Decorations and Recognitions of North Macedonia. The President of North Macedonia awards all orders and medals on behalf of the nation. Awards recommendations are received and reviewed by the Commission on Awarding Decorations and Recognitions, a 14 member body appointed by the president to assist him in carrying out the laws related to orders and decorations. Individuals and organizations, both Macedonian and foreign, are eligible for recognition by the state. Awards are made to recognize achievements in the fields of social, political, economic, or scientific-research works. Recognition may also be made for especially meritorious social and humanitarian aid. Other activities which may be recognized are contributions to the peaceful and stable development of North Macedonia, for contributions to democratic development, for outstanding achievements in work, or for great personal courage in defense of North Macedonia. Awards may be made posthumously.

Prime Minister of North Macedonia

The Prime Minister of North Macedonia, officially the President of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Kryeministri i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut), is the head of government of North Macedonia. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the North Macedonian parliament (the Sobranie) and the leader of the cabinet. The current Prime Minister is Zoran Zaev, who has served since 31 May 2017.

Protestantism in North Macedonia

It is estimated that Protestantism is practised by 61,358 or roughly 3% of the total population.

Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje

The Saints Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (Macedonian: Универзитет „Св. Кирил и Методиј“ во Скопје) is the largest university in North Macedonia. It was named after the Byzantine Christian theologians and missionaries Cyril and Methodius, originated from Thessalonica, and considered as the 'apostles of the Slavs', enlighteners who developed the precursors to the Cyrillic script used today in most Slavic languages. More than 50,000 students study at the Skopje University, including some 700 foreign students. Furthermore, the teaching and research staff number 2,390 people; this is further supported by over 300 members in the university's institutions.

The primary language of instruction is Macedonian, but there are a number of courses which are carried out in English, German, French, Italian and minority languages.

Vice President of Macedonia

The Vice President of Macedonia was a political position in the Republic of Macedonia in 1991 before a new constitution was adopted in November 1991. Vice President was elected alongside the President of Macedonia by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia in January 1991.

Vila Biljana

Vila Biljana is a complex of state villas in Ohrid, North Macedonia. The villa complex includes the villa of the president of North Macedonia, the villa of the prime minister, and the villa of the ministry of police and several villas of public administration. In the communist period, the complex was owned by Josip Broz Tito but is now owned by the government of North Macedonia. In the summer period the villas are used for the vacations of Macedonian statesmen. The villas have also been visited by many world statesmen like Ban Ki-moon, Leonid Kuchma, Slobodan Milosevic, Sergey Lavrov, Fatmir Sejdiu, José Manuel Barroso, Bujar Nishani, Václav Klaus, Paul Kagame and many others.

Villa Vodno

Villa Vodno is the official workplace of the President of the Republic of North Macedonia. The villa is located in the foothills of Vodno at the southern edge of Skopje. Since 2009, Gjorge Ivanov has been the first president of North Macedonia who uses this presidential palace.

In the villa, there are located: the office of the president, working premises of his service and premises for meetings and receptions. The walls in rooms for meetings and receptions are decorated with paintings of famous Macedonian artists. The villa has been visited by many state delegations including: Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Bronisław Komorowski, Viktor Orbán, Ivo Josipović, Filip Vujanović, Valdis Zatlers, Stjepan Mesić, Roman Herzog, Zhelyu Zhelev, Bamir Topi, Tony Blair, Edi Rama, Borut Pahor, Václav Klaus, Kiro Gligorov.

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