The President of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predsjednik Crne Gore, Predśednik Crne Gore, Предсједник Црне Горе) is the head of state of Montenegro. The current president is Milo Đukanović, who was elected in the first round of the 2018 presidential election with 53.90% of the vote. The official residence of the President is the Blue Palace located in the former royal capital Cetinje.
|President of |
Standard of the President of Montenegro
since 20 May 2018
|Residence||Blue Palace in Cetinje|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Momir Bulatović|
|Formation||23 December 1990|
This section is according to the Constitution of Montenegro, Article 86
Each president has a term of 5 years in office. Each president can have two terms in office. The President is elected through direct and secret ballots. In the event of a state of war during term of office of the President of Montenegro shall be extended for as long as the state of war exists.
This section is according to the Constitution of Montenegro, Article 87
The term of office of the President shall cease when the term of office for which he has been elected expires, in the event of recall or by his resignation. The President may be recalled by the Assembly, only in case the Constitutional Court should decide that he has breached the provisions of the Constitution. The procedure to determine the breach of Constitution shall be instigated by the Assembly.
This section is according to the Constitution of Montenegro, Article 88
The President shall:
The President shall be a member of the Supreme Defence Council.
This section is according to the Constitution of Montenegro, Article 90
In case of termination of the term of office of the President, and until the election of the new President and in the case the President is temporarily prevented to perform his functions, his duties shall be assumed by the President of the Assembly and in case the Assembly is dissolved, by the Prime Minister.
This section is according to the Constitution of Montenegro, Article 89
The President shall promulgate a law by ordinance within seven days from the date of its adoption. The President may also, within seven days from the date of adoption of a law, request the Assembly to decide again on the same law. The President shall be bound to promulgate a law passed for the second time by the Assembly.
Montenegro became an independent state on 3 June 2006.
|President||Term of office|
|Party||Election||Took office||Left office||Duration|
|Democratic Party of Socialists||2008
|3 June 2006||20 May
|11 years, 351 days|
|Democratic Party of Socialists||2018||20 May 2018||Incumbent||329 days|
|Name||Term||Date of birth|
|Momir Bulatović||1990–1998||21 September 1956|
|Filip Vujanović||2003-2018||1 September 1954|
Presidential elections were held in Montenegro on 15 April 2018. Former Prime Minister Milo Đukanović of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) was elected as President of Montenegro in the first round.Blue Palace
The Blue Palace or Plavi Dvorac was built as the heir's palace in Cetinje, the Royal Capital of Montenegro. Today it is the residence of President of Montenegro.
It was built in 1894-1895 in late Empire style as the residence of Prince Danilo of Montenegro, then heir to the throne. The building was a model for the construction of the buildings of the other members of the Petrović Njegoš royal family throughout Montenegro.
The Palace was extensively renovated in 2006 through a grant provided by the Government of Norway.Canada–Montenegro relations
Canada is officially recognized Montenegro on June 13, 2006. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on September 5, 2006.
Since May 3, 2011, ambassador of Montenegro Srđan Darmanović has received accreditation to the assumption of the extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador to Canada, and is headquartered in Washington, The first non-resident Ambassador of Montenegro in Canada, with headquarters in Washington, was Miodrag Vlahović in office from 2007 to 2010.
Roman Vashchuk, the current Canadian Ambassador to Montenegro on non-residential basis with headquarters in Belgrade, handed the credentials to the President of Montenegro, Mr. Filip Vujanovic October 6, 2011.Cetinje
Cetinje (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Цетиње [pronounced [ t͡sětiɲe]]), is a city and Old Royal Capital (Montenegrin: Prijestonica / Приjестоница) of Montenegro. It is also the historic and the secondary capital of Montenegro, where the official residence of the President of Montenegro is located. According to the 2011 census, the town had a population of 14,093 while the Cetinje municipality had 16,657 residents as of 2011.Cetinje is the centre of Cetinje Municipality. The city rests on a small karst plain surrounded by limestone mountains, including Mount Lovćen, the legendary mountain in Montenegrin historiography.
Cetinje was founded in the 15th century and became a center of Montenegrin life and both a cradle of Montenegrin culture and an Orthodox religious center. Its status as the honorary capital of Montenegro is due to its heritage as a long-serving former capital of Montenegro.Chief of the General Staff (Montenegro)
The Chief of the General Staff (Montenegrin: Начелник Генералштаба / Načelnik Generalštaba) is the chief of the General Staff and Armed Forces of Montenegro. The chief of staff is appointed by the President of Montenegro, who is the commander-in-chief. The position dates back to the Principality of Montenegro. The current Chief of the General Staff is Brigadier General Dragutin Dakić.Democratic Montenegro
Democratic Montenegro (Montenegrin: Demokratska Crna Gora / Демократска Црна Гора, DCG), also known as the Democrats, is a centrist political party in Montenegro. Its current leader, and the founder of Democratic Montenegro is Aleksa Bečić.Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Demokratska partija socijalista Crne Gore / Демократска партија социјалиста Црне Горе, DPS) is the ruling political party in Montenegro. It has been so since the introduction of a multi-party system in 1990.
The party was formed in 1991 as the successor of the League of Communists of Montenegro, which had governed Montenegro within the Yugoslav federation since World War II. Since its formation and the introduction of a multi-party system, the DPS has played a dominant role in Montenegrin politics, forming the backbone of every coalition government to date.
At the 2012 legislative elections held on 14 October, the DPS along with the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (SDP) as the Coalition for a European Montenegro won 39 out of 81 seats. This coalition, along with its longtime partner the Bosniak Party, once again formed a majority in the Parliament of Montenegro and held the right to appoint the Government. The DPS itself won 31 seats. The current Prime Minister of Montenegro Duško Marković and President Milo Đukanović are both members of the party.
The DPS is internationally affiliated with the Socialist International and Progressive Alliance, and is an associate affiliate of the Party of European Socialists.Dragan Hajduković
Dragan S. Hajduković (Cyrillic: Драган С. Хајдуковић) (born June 11, 1949), is a Montenegrin physics professor, astrophysicist and physicist, employed to CERN. He was a candidate for the president of Montenegro three times, in December 2002 and February 2003, both elections were declared invalid due to low turnout, and finally in May 2003, when he won the third place with 4.4% of votes. He had announced that he would run for president again in 2008, as well in 2018, but both times he did not manage to collect enough signatures to become an official candidate.Dragan Kujović
Dragan Kujović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Драган Кујовић) (1948–2010) was a politician from the Republic of Montenegro and a member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro. He served as acting President of Montenegro from 19 May to 22 May 2003.Elections in Montenegro
Montenegro holds national election for the Parliament and the office of President. Montenegro has a multi-party system with numerous parties. The Parliament has 81 members elected by a system of proportional representation using D'Hondt method for a four-year term. To enter the Parliament, parties have to surpass the electoral threshold of 3%. The President of Montenegro is elected at large, with a second round runoff between the two first placed candidates, if no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round.Filip Vujanović
Filip Vujanović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Филип Вујановић, pronounced [fîlip ʋǔjanɔʋit͡ɕ]; born 1 September 1954) is a Montenegrin politician who served as the President of Montenegro from 2003 to 2018. He was the country's first president since its independence in June 2006. He claimed a landslide victory in the April 2008 presidential election, and he was narrowly re-elected in 2013.Letter of credence
A letter of credence (French: Lettre de créance) is a formal diplomatic letter that appoints a diplomat as ambassador to another sovereign state. Commonly known as diplomatic credentials, the letter is addressed from one head of state to another, asking him to give credence (French: créance) to whatever the ambassador may say on his country's behalf. The letter is presented personally by the ambassador to the receiving head of state in a formal ceremony, marking the beginning of the ambassadorship.
Letters of credence are traditionally written in French, the lingua franca of diplomacy. However, they may also be written in the official language of the sending state.Marija Vujović
Marija Vujović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Марија Вујовић, pronounced [mǎrija ʋûːjɔʋitɕ]) (born 19 May 1984 in Titograd, Yugoslavia, now Podgorica, Montenegro) is a Montenegrin model.
She was discovered by Elite Model Management in her home town after friends talked her into participating and shot to fame at the Dries Van Noten show in Paris in 2002.
She has been featured in campaigns for a Dolce & Gabbana fragrance and Yves Saint Laurent's Rive Gauche. In 2006, Dolce & Gabbana cast Vujović in their Light Blue fragrance adverts that were shot by photographer Mario Testino in Capri. The commercial received 11 million online views, and according to British researchers, is among the sexiest television adverts ever made.Vujović was photographed by Steven Meisel for the Dolce & Gabbana campaign, by Mert & Marcus for Bulgari Eyewear and by Michael Thompson for RMK. She has also walked the catwalk for designers such as Calvin Klein, Donna Karan, and Gucci. Vujović walked in both the 2005 and 2007 Victoria's Secret fashion shows.
It was once falsely reported that she was related to the former President of Montenegro, Filip Vujanović. Actually, they are in no way related, as reported by the local media outlets.
She admires music and the stage: she studied classical piano for seven years at the Conservatory and has also taken acting lessons.Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Мило Ђукановић, pronounced [mǐːlo dʑǔkanoʋitɕ] (listen); born 15 February 1962) is a Montenegrin politician who has been the President of Montenegro since 20 May 2018. He served as Prime Minister of Montenegro in three governments from 1991 to 1998, as President of Montenegro from 1998 to 2002, and as Prime Minister again from 2003 to 2006, from 2008 to 2010, and from 2012 to 2016. Đukanović is also the long-term president of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, originally the Montenegrin branch of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, which has governed Montenegro since the introduction of multi-party politics.
When Đukanović first emerged on the political scene, he was a close ally of Slobodan Milošević during the anti-bureaucratic revolution. In 1996, however, he turned against Milošević, abandoning the traditional joint Serbian and Montenegrin vision in favour of an independent Montenegro. He oversaw the conversion of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Montenegro's increasing separation from Serbia under his leadership, culminating in victory in the May 2006 independence referendum. Over the course of his premiership and presidency, he oversaw the privatization of public companies to foreign investors and firms.After serving continuously in office from 1991 to 2006, Đukanović first retired from politics in late 2006, but he returned to the office of Prime Minister in February 2008. He stepped down again in December 2010 before returning for a second time in December 2012 to lead Montenegro for a seventh term. After winning the 2016 parliamentary elections, Đukanović announced that he would resign as Prime Minister again. Speculation that he may run for President in 2018 was confirmed in March of that year. He was elected President in April 2018 in a landslide.
Some observers have described his rule as authoritarian or autocratic. Đukanović is often described as having strong links to Montenegrin mafia. He was listed among the twenty richest world leaders according to the British newspaper The Independent in May 2010, which described the source of his estimated £10 million wealth as "mysterious".Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatović (Cyrillic: Момир Булатовић; born 21 September 1956, Belgrade, FPR Yugoslavia) is a retired Montenegrin politician. He was the leader of the Montenegro's Democratic Party of Socialists from 1989 to 1997, when he split from DPS after a conflict with Milo Đukanović. Bulatović was President of Yugoslavia's Republic of Montenegro from 1990 to 1998, after which he became Prime Minister of the Yugoslavia. He resigned as Prime Minister after the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević.
During his mandate as President of Montenegro within Yugoslavia, he oversaw the engagement of Montenegrin reservists in the Yugoslav People's Army in the Siege of Dubrovnik as well as in the Bosnian War. According to Florence Hartmann, Bulatović was subject to an investigation by the ICTY for war crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but was not charged. He was a defense witness in the trials of Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, and Nikola Šainović at the ICTY.National Security Agency (Montenegro)
The National Security Agency (Montenegrin: Agencija za Nacionalnu Bezbjednost; ANB) is the national intelligence agency of Montenegro. Its headquarters are located in Podgorica.
According to the law governing ANB, the agency is tasked with collecting, storing, analyzing, assessing, exchanging and guarding
Intelligence on activities aimed against independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, security and constitutional order of Montenegro
Intelligence pertaining to defense interests of Montenegro, and accomplishment of strategic defense goals and interests of Montenegro (intelligence and counterintelligence activities in the defense field)
Intelligence on terrorism activities
Intelligence on organized crime activities
Intelligence on gravest forms of crimes against humanity and other assets protected by international law
Intelligence on foreign intelligence assets, when pertaining to Montenegrin national security
Intelligence on potential threats to Montenegrin economic interests
Intelligence on potential threats to international security
Intelligence on other forms of threats to national security of MontenegroANB is also responsible for counterintelligence protection of Parliament of Montenegro, Government of Montenegro, President of Montenegro, and other Government bodies and ministries, pertaining to activities significant to security of personnel, buildings and assets of aforementioned institutions.Orders, decorations, and medals of Montenegro
The Government of Montenegro established a national honours system consisting of orders, decorations, and medals approximately a year after the independence of Montenegro in 2006.
The President of Montenegro is the titular head of the national honours system and decrees and invests each honoree on the advice and approval of the Government of Montenegro.Politics of Montenegro
Politics of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Политика Црне Горе, Tr. Politika Crne Gore) takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Montenegro as "hybrid regime" in 2016.President of the Parliament of Montenegro
The President of the Parliament of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predsjednik Skupštine Crne Gore / Предсједник Скупштине Црне Горе) is the presiding officer of the Parliament of Montenegro. The President's term lasts four years, and is elected by members of each new assembly.
The President of the Parliament serves as acting President of Montenegro if the elected President vacates the office before the expiration of the 5-year presidential term due to death, resignation or removal from office.
Presidents of Montenegro
|Presidents of the People's Assembly of PR/SR Montenegro (1945-1974)|
(within FPR/SFR Yugoslavia)
|Presidents of Presidency of SR Montenegro (1974-1992)|
(within SFR Yugoslavia)
|Presidents of the Republic of Montenegro (1992-2006)|
(within FR Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro)
|Presidents of Montenegro (since 2006)|
Heads of state and government of Europe