President of Kosovo

The President of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Kosovo), officially styled the President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Republike Kosovo), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo[a] in the country and abroad.

The President is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.[1]

The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent President's term of office.[2] He or she serves for a five-year term, renewable once.

President of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës  (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косово  (Serbian)
Flag of Dardania
Presidential standard
Hashim Thaçi, 2012
Incumbent
Hashim Thaçi

since 7 April 2016
AppointerAssembly of the Republic of Kosovo
Term lengthFive years
Renewable once
Inaugural holderIbrahim Rugova
Formation4 March 2002
WebsiteOfficial website

History and precursor

The first post-war President, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president.[3][4] On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo,[5] which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move.[6] On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down[7] and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police,[8] with the rank of Major general,[9] was elected as President.

List of officeholders

Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo

Parties

  KPK/SKK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political Party
Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee
1944–1945
1 Mehmed Hoxha
(1908–1987)
No image 1 January 1944 11 July 1945 Communist Party
Presidents of the Assembly
1945–1974
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
1st time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans 11 July 1945 20 February 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
2 Ismet Saqiri
(1918–1986)
No image 20 February 1953 12 December 1953 League of Communists
3 Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
No image 12 December 1953 5 May 1956 League of Communists
4 Pavle Jovićević
(1910–1985)
No image 5 May 1956 4 April 1960 League of Communists
5 Dušan Mugoša
(1914–1973)
Dušan Mugoša 4 April 1960 18 June 1963 League of Communists
6 Stanoje Akšić
(1921–1970)
Stanoje Aksić 18 June 1963 24 June 1967 League of Communists
(1) Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
2nd time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans 24 June 1967 7 May 1969 League of Communists
7 Ilaz Kurteshi
(1927–2016)
Iljaz Kurteši 7 May 1969 May 1974 League of Communists
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1990
1 Xhavid Nimani
(1919–2000)
Xhavit Nimani May 1974 August 1981 League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
(1919–2005)
No image August 1981 1982 League of Communists
3 Kolë Shiroka
(1922–1994)
No image 1982 May 1983 League of Communists
4 Shefqet Nebih Gashi
(1927–)
No image May 1983 May 1985 League of Communists
5 Branislav Škembarević
(1920–2003)
Branislav Škembarević May 1985 May 1986 League of Communists
6 Bajram Selani No image May 1986 May 1988 League of Communists
7 Remzi Kolgeci
(1947–2011)
No image May 1988 5 April 1989 League of Communists
8 Hysen Kajdomçaj
(1943–)
No image 27 June 1989 11 April 1990 League of Communists

Republic of Kosova

Parties

  LDK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
President
1992–2000
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
Ibrahim Rugova 25 January 1992 1 February 2000 Democratic League

UN-administered Kosovo

Parties

  LDK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Presidents
2002–2008
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
Ibrahim Rugova 2002 4 March 2002 21 January 2006
(Died in office)
Democratic League
2 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009 2006
2008
10 February 2006 17 February 2008 Democratic League

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised by 112 UN member states)

Parties

  LDK   PDK   AKR   Non-party

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Presidents
2008–present
1 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009 2008 17 February 2008 27 September 2010 Democratic League
2 Behgjet Pacolli
(1951–)
Pacolli final 2011 22 February 2011 4 April 2011 New Kosovo Alliance
Jakup Krasniqi
(1951–)
Acting President
No image 4 April 2011 7 April 2011 Democratic Party
3 Atifete Jahjaga
(1975–)
Atifete Jahjaga 2011 2011 7 April 2011 7 April 2016 Independent
4 Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
Hashim Thaçi, 2012 2016 7 April 2016 Incumbent Democratic Party

Living former Presidents

There are three living former Kosovan Presidents:

Fatmir Sejdiu 2009
Fatmir Sejdiu
(2006–2010)
October 23, 1951 (age 67)
Presidenti Behgjet Pacolli
Behgjet Pacolli
(2011)
August 30, 1951 (age 67)
Atifete Jahjaga - 2018 (25839518347) (cropped)
Atifete Jahjaga
(2011–2016)
April 20, 1975 (age 44)

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References:

  1. ^ Balkan Update
  2. ^ A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
  3. ^ "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  5. ^ Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
  6. ^ Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
  7. ^ http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14956696,00.html
  8. ^ Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  9. ^ "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)

External links

2001 Kosovan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Kosovo on 17 November 2001. It was succeeded by the 2004 Kosovan parliamentary election. The first President of Kosovo taking office after the start of the UN Administration Ibrahim Rugova, was re elected and took office on March 2, 2002. It was held under the government of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo.

2008 Kosovan presidential election

An indirect election for the President of Kosovo were held on January 9, 2008. Though not scheduled for 2008, the election of the president by the Assembly of Kosovo was brought up as an issue after the technical resignation of Fatmir Sejdiu from the position.

Fatmir Sejdiu’s actual term would end in 2009, but according to a coalition concord that his party, the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), signed with the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), the leading party in parliament, he agreed to “re-legitimise” his position. His resignation was the only practical way to end his term, and thus doing so, he enabled himself for a completely new term. Kosovo’s Constitutional Framework contains no provision as to term limits or incapacitation of rerunning of the resigning president.

The two candidates Fatmir Sejdiu and Naim Maloku of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK) received votes as follows:

First round: 62 and 37 respectively

Second round: 61 and 37 respectively

Third round: Fatmir Sejdiu is elected after receiving 68 votes.

2010 political crisis in Kosovo

The 2010 political crisis in Kosovo started when the Constitutional Court of Kosovo stated that the President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu was violating the Constitution of Kosovo, because he was both president of the Republic of Kosovo and also leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). This resulted in Sejdiu stepping down as president on September 27. A new election was announced for December 12, 2010. Jakup Krasniqi became the acting president of Kosovo until the election.

Ali Shukriu

Ali Shukriu (Serbian: Али Шукрија, Ali Šukrija) was a political figure of Kosovo, during its period as an autonomous province of Yugoslavia. He served as Prime Minister of Kosovo (1963–1967), and later as President of Kosovo (1981–1982).

Atifete Jahjaga

Atifete Jahjaga (Albanian pronunciation: [ätɪˈfeːtɛ jähˈjɑːɡä]; born 20 April 1975) is a Kosovar politician and stateswoman who served as the third President of Kosovo. She was the first female President of the Republic of Kosovo, the first non-partisan candidate and the youngest female head of state to be elected to the top office. She served as Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, holding the rank of Major General, the most senior among women officers in Southeastern Europe.

Democratic League of Kosovo

The Democratic League of Kosovo (Albanian: Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës, LDK) is the second-largest political party in Kosovo.

At the legislative elections held on 24 October 2004 the party won 45.4% of the popular vote or 47 out of 120 seats (seven of which have now defected to the Nexhat Daci-led Democratic League of Dardania). One of the founding members, Ibrahim Rugova was president of the party, as well as President of Kosovo, until his death on 21 January 2006. At the last legislative elections held on 17 November 2007, the party won only 22.6% and 25 seats but went on to form a Coalition government with Hashim Thaçi's Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK); in October 2010, the LDK withdrew from the coalition.

Fatmir Sejdiu

Fatmir Sejdiu listen (born 23 October 1951) is a politician from Kosovo. He was the leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and was the first President of Kosovo.

Governance of Kosovo

The Governance of Kosovo operates in the context of the disputed territory of Kosovo.

The de jure Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) is defined under United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) regulations, the de facto Republic of Kosovo (RoK) government is defined under the 2008 Constitution of Kosovo and operates in most of Kosovo, and the de facto Assembly of the Community of Municipalities of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija is the assembly of the association of municipal governments of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija that operates in North Kosovo. All the governments operate in the context of a multi-party parliamentary representative democracy. One author put it thus:

International civil and security presences are currently operating under auspices of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244. Previously this included only the UNMIK but has since expanded to include the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX). In December 2008, EULEX was deployed throughout the territory of Kosovo, assuming responsibilities in the areas of police, customs and the judiciary.

Hashim Thaçi

Hashim Thaçi ([hä'ʃɪm 'θɑ:t͡ʃɪ] (listen); born 24 April 1968) is a Kosovar politician who has been the President of Kosovo since April 2016. He was the first Prime Minister of Kosovo and the Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister in the new cabinet led by Isa Mustafa, which assumed office on 12 December 2014.

Thaçi is from the Drenica region in Kosovo, which is where the KLA originated. He studied philosophy in Prishtina, before moving to Switzerland, where he joined the Kosovo Liberation Army in 1993. He rose through the ranks of the KLA to become leader of the most powerful faction by 1999, during the Rambouillet negotiations. He then joined the interim Kosovo administration after the war.

Thaçi became leader of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), which won the largest share of the vote in the 2007 Kosovo elections. In 2008, Thaci declared the independence of Kosovo and became its first prime minister. In 2016 he was elected President of Kosovo. Thaci has pursued a pro-American policy while in office. There have been controversies regarding Thaçi's role in the KLA and allegations about him being involved in organized crime.

Hero of Kosovo

Hero of Kosovo (Albanian: Urdhëri Hero i Kosovës) is an official order in Kosovo. It is awarded by the President of Kosovo.

Ibrahim Rugova

Ibrahim Rugova (Albanian pronunciation: [ibɾahim ɾugova]; 2 December 1944 – 21 January 2006) was the first President of the partially recognised Republic of Kosova, serving from 1992 to 2000 and again from 2002 until his death in 2006, and a prominent Kosovo Albanian political leader, scholar, and writer. He oversaw a popular struggle for independence, advocating a peaceful resistance to Yugoslav rule and lobbying for U.S. and European support, especially during the Kosovo War. Owing to his role in Kosovo's history, Rugova has been dubbed "Father of the Nation" and "Gandhi of the Balkans". Rugova founded the political party Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) in 1989. The LDK, which had the support of 90% of the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo, advocated for Kosovo’s independence by peaceful means. The party established a shadow government that provided basic government and social services to the Kosovo Albanian population, including education and health care, in effect creating a parallel state. In May 1992, Rugova was elected President of this parallel state. In March 2002, with the United Nations Mission in Kosovo administering the province, he was elected President of Kosovo. He held this position until his death in January 2006, and was posthumously declared a Hero of Kosovo.

Jakup Krasniqi

Jakup Krasniqi (born 1 January 1951) is an Albanian politician and former acting President of Kosovo. He is former Chairman of the Assembly of Kosovo.

Jordan–Kosovo relations

Kosovan-Jordanian relations are foreign relations between Kosovo and Jordan. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 and Jordan recognized it on 7 July 2009. The two countries enjoy good and friendly relations. Atifete Jahjaga who served as the fourth President of Kosovo praised Jordan’s assistance as one of the most important partnerships of Kosovo in the Middle East. King Abdullah II of Jordan praised the relations between the two countries declaring that his country's support for Kosovo will continue. He added that the Hashemite Kingdom will increase its foreign policy efforts to support Kosovo in the process of recognition.

Majlinda Kelmendi

Majlinda Ismet Kelmendi (Albanian pronunciation: [majˈlinda kɛlˈmɛndi]; born 9 May 1991) is a Kosovo Albanian judoka and a double world champion with two European titles. She competes in the 52 kg weight category.

In 2014, Majlinda topped the IJF Women's Prestige World Ranking List and was decorated by President of Kosovo, Atifete Jahjaga with the "Presidential Medal of Merit". On 7 August 2016, she became the first Kosovar athlete to win a medal at the Olympic Games when she claimed gold in the women's -52 kg category in Rio de Janeiro. She represented Albania in 2012 but failed to win a medal.

Nexhat Daci

Nexhat Daci (pronounced [neˈdʒat ˈdaːtsi]; born June 26, 1944 in Veliki Trnovac, Bujanovac, Serbia) is a Kosovan politician. He was elected as the speaker of Assembly of Kosovo in 2001 as a member of President Ibrahim Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). In 2006, he was ousted from the speakership due to infighting within the LDK He is a member of the Assembly of Kosovo and the leader of the Democratic League of Dardania, which he founded following his unsuccessful bid to become leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Kosovo

State decorations of the Republic of Kosovo are regulated by the Law on Decorations. Decorations are divided into three grades: orders, medals and commemorative medals. The President also bestows the title of Honorary Ambassador of Kosovo to people who have made extraordinary contributions to the Republic of Kosovo. This is an honor bestowed very rarely with only eight recipients in the history of the Republic.

The orders, decorations and medals are awarded by the President of Kosovo, though nominations might come from: Chairman of the Assembly, Prime Minister, President of the Supreme Court and the Electoral College, Chief Prosecutor of Kosovo, Minister, Chief of General Staff, General Director of Police, President of the Municipal Assembly, President of the Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Pakashticë

Pakashticë (Serbian: Пакаштица, Pakaštica) is a village in north-eastern Kosovo, in the north of the municipality of Podujevo.

It is the birthplace of the former President of Kosovo, Fatmir Sejdiu.

Politics of Kosovo

The politics of Kosovo, a disputed territory recognized by 112 out of 193 (58%) United Nations (UN) member states as an de facto independent state situated de jure within Serbia, takes place in a framework of a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President (Presidenti) is the head of state and the Prime Minister (Kryeministri) the head of government. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, the most recent in 2017.

The executive power is exercised by the government (Qeveria), presided over by the Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the parliament (Kuvendi). The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Provisional Institutions of Self-Government

The Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (Albanian: Institucionet e përkohshme të vetëqeverisjes, Serbian: Привремене институције самоуправе, Privremene institucije samouprave) or 'PISG' were the local administrative bodies in Kosovo established by the United Nations administration ('UNMIK'), under the terms of UNSCR 1244. That resolution, which ended the Kosovo conflict of 1999, provided for an interim international administration for Kosovo which would establish and oversee the development of "provisional, democratic self-governing institutions". Kosovo is the subject of a long-running political and territorial dispute between the Serbian (and previously, the Yugoslav) government versus Kosovo's largely ethnic-Albanian population. Whilst formerly a part of Serbia, international negotiations began in 2006 to determine the final status of Kosovo (see also Constitutional status of Kosovo and Kosovo Status Process).

In May 2001, UNMIK promulgated a Constitutional Framework which established these Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG). Since 2001, UNMIK gradually transferred increased administrative competencies to the PISG. UNMIK had also established municipal government and an internationally supervised Kosovo Police Service.

The Provisional Institutions comprised:

The Assembly of Kosovo, which elects a President of Kosovo;

The Government of Kosovo, with a Prime Minister of Kosovo nominated by the President and endorsed by the Assembly;

The Judicial System of Kosovo, which is appointed by the SRSG from a list endorsed by the Assembly after being proposed by the Judicial and Prosecutorial Council.Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008.

Kosovo articles
History
Geography
Politics
Economy
Society
Presidents of Kosovo
Socialist Autonomous
Province of Kosovo

(1944–1992)
Republic of Kosova
(Recognized only by Albania)
(1992–2000)
UN-administered Kosovo
(2000–2008)
Republic of Kosovo
(Recognized by 112 UN member states)
(2008–present)
Heads of state and government of Europe
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