President of Kazakhstan

The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті, Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Prezıdenti; Russian: Президент Республики Казахстан) is the head of state, commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The powers of this position are described in a special section of the Constitution of Kazakhstan.

The position was established on 24 April 1990, a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current President is Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, who assumed office on 20 March 2019 following the resignation of the first President, Nursultan Nazarbayev.[1]

None of the presidential elections held in Kazakhstan have been considered free or fair by Western countries or international observers[2] with issues noted including ballot tampering, multiple voting, harassment of opposition candidates and press censorship.

President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті
Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Prezıdenti
Flag of the President of Kazakhstan
Presidential standard
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2019-04-03) 04
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

since 20 March 2019
ResidenceAk Orda Presidential Palace
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length5 years, renewable
Inaugural holderNursultan Nazarbayev
Formation24 April 1990
SuccessionChairwoman of the Senate of Kazakhstan
Website(in Kazakh)
(in English)


The President of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and a Presidential Standard.

Presidential Standard

The Standard of the President of Kazakhstan is similar to the national flag in that it is rectangular in shape with a ratio of 1:2. In the center of the standard is the Emblem of Kazakhstan. It is bordered on three sides with golden fringe.[3][4]

Flag of the President of Kazakhstan (1995–2012)
Presidential Standard (1995—2012)

The current presidential standard has been in service as recently as 2012. The former standard, which was used from 1995–2012, was a light blue rectangle there with a golden circle in which the figure of the young Kazakh leader Sakas riding a snow leopard.

Altyn Qyran Order

The Order of the Golden Eagle (Kazakh: Алтын Қыран ордені or Altyn Qyran Order) is the highest civilian award that can be awarded by the President of Kazakhstan. Its purpose is to recognize outstanding service to the country by Kazakh and foreign citizens. As head of state, the President is de facto Commander special class of the Order of Altyn Kyran.[5][6]

President in the Constitution

Item 5 of Article 42 of the Constitution determines that no one can be elected president more than two terms in a row, but it also states that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." [7]

Article 46 says that the President's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that his expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions.[7] According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless immunity for all actions he performs while in office, and that he remains a government official until his death. He also retains the ability to speak to the people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, and state support of his activity, and that his official apartment and summer residence became his property with official maintenance. He is also provided with medical care, sanatorium, pensions and insurance.

On April 26, 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidential term.[8] The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Nur-Sultan on April 29.[8] At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president assured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.[8]

On January 25, 2017 President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the groundwork for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for the purpose of more open and efficient governance.[9]

Presidential Administration

The Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы Президентінің Әкімшілігі/Russian: Администрация Президента Республики Казахстан) reports directly to the president and aids him/her in their everyday dates. It was established in accordance of Presidential Decree No. 2565 on October 20, 1995. It is currently based at the Ak-Orda Presidential Palace in the capital city of Nur-Sultan. Prior to that, it was based in Almaty.[10]

Heads of the Presidential Administration

Latest election

Prior to the 2011 election, President Nazarbayev wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post titled "Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy".[11]

Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election was held on April 26, 2015.[12] Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote.[13] A total of 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.[13]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists.[14] OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."[15]

The date of Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election is June 9, 2019. It is the first election since the resignation of the First President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev.[16]

Presidents of Kazakhstan (1990–present)

The "No." column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the "Elected" column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

No. Name Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev
Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев
Nursultan Nazarbayev at the 2013 Astana Economic Forum (cropped) 24 April 1990 1 December 1991 Communist Party of Kazakhstan
1 December 1991 14 December 1991
(1) 14 December 1991 20 January 1999 Independent
20 January 1999 1 March 1999
(1) 1 March 1999 11 January 2006 Otan
11 January 2006 1 December 2006
(1) 1 December 2006 8 April 2011 Nur Otan
8 April 2011 29 April 2015
29 April 2015 20 March 2019[17]
(resigned from office)
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Қасым-Жомарт Тоқаев
Tokaev 20 March 2019[18] Incumbent Nur Otan

Rank by time in office

Rank President Time in office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev 27 years, 94 days[19]
2 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 53 days

See also

External links


  1. ^ Kazakhstan President Embassy of Kazakhstan
  2. ^ Kazakhstan's long term president to run in snap election – again, The Guardian, 11 March 2015
  3. ^ Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 29 декабря 1995 г. № 2736
  4. ^ Символы власти Президента Казахстана
  5. ^ "Symbols of power". Akorda. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Awards and orders of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Government of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  8. ^ a b c "Re-elected President Inaugurated, Announces Five Reform Efforts".
  9. ^ "Kazakh President Unveils Plans of Constitutional Reforms". The Astana Times.
  10. ^ Электронное правительство Республики Казахстан
  11. ^ Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy Washington Post
  12. ^ "Nearly 10 mn voters to head to polls to elect Kazakh president". Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
  13. ^ a b "Kazakhstan strongman leader re-elected with 97.7% amid record voter turnout".
  14. ^ "Kazakh strongman says sorry for landslide election victory". 27 April 2015.
  15. ^ Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev wins re-election with 97.7 per cent of vote, ABC Australia, 28 April 2015
  16. ^ "Early presidential election in Kazakhstan set for June 9; President Tokayev pledges fair and transparent vote". The Astana Times.
  17. ^ "Kazakh President Nazarbaev Abruptly Announces Resignation". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  18. ^ Обязанности президента Казахстана будет исполнять спикер Сената Токаев
  19. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 16 December 1991.
Burabay National Park

The Burabay National Park (Kazakh: «Бурабай» мемлекеттік ұлттық табиғи паркі, «Býrabaı» memlekettik ulttyq tabiǵi parki) is a natural park located in the Burabay District, in Aqmola Region, Kazakhstan.

The park is under the direct jurisdiction of the President of Kazakhstan.

In the protected area of the national park, economic and leisure activities are prohibitted, as the park is under regulation of nature reserves.

Canada–Kazakhstan relations

Canada–Kazakhstan relations are foreign relations between Canada and Kazakhstan. The countries established diplomatic relations with each other in 1992. Canada has an embassy in Astana. Kazakhstan has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate in Toronto.

Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, made an official visit to Canada in May 2003.

Dariga Nazarbayeva

Dariga Nursultanqyzy Nazarbayeva (Kazakh: Darıǵa Nursultanqyzy Nazarbaeva; Russian: Дарига Нурсултановна Назарбаева; born 7 May 1963) is a Kazakhstani politician who is the incumbent Chairwoman of the Senate of Kazakhstan. She is the daughter of former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev. She was Deputy Prime Minister from 2015 to 2016.

First Lady of Kazakhstan

The First Lady of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Qаzаqstаnnyń bіrіnshі hаnymy, Russian: Первая леди Казахстана) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Kazakhstan. Until 2019, there has been just one First Lady since the country's independence in 1991, Sara Nazarbayeva, wife of President Nursultan Nazarbayev. Currently, Nadezhda Tokayeva, the wife of Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, is the de facto holder of the role.

Government of Kazakhstan

The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Үкіметі, Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Úkimeti; Russian: Правительство Республики Казахстан, Pravitelstvo Respubliki Kazakhstan) oversees a presidential republic. The President of Kazakhstan, currently Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, is head of state and nominates the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament.

In July 2015, Kazakhstan was ranked 50th in the Government Efficiency Index compiled by World Economic Forum. The efficiency index considers expenditures, workload regulations and political transparency. Kazakhstan beats of a number of European countries in government efficiency, according to the list. In particular, Kazakhstan is ahead of Belgium and France.According to the 2016 World Development report prepared by the World Bank Group, Kazakhstan ranks 28th among 193 countries in the e-Gov development rating. The “Information Kazakhstan – 2020” state program approved in 2013 helped the country transition to the information society.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

Kassym-Jomart Kemelyevich Tokayev (Kazakh: Қасым-Жомарт Кемелұлы Тоқаев, Qasym-Jomart Kemeluly Toqaev, [qɑˈsəm ʒɔˈmɑrt kɛˌmɛluˈlə tɔˈqɑjɪf], Russian: Касым-Жомарт Кемелевич Токаев, [kɐˈsɨm ʐɐˈmart kʲɪˈmɛlʲɪvɪt͡ɕ tɐˈkajɪf]; born 17 May 1953) is a Kazakh politician and diplomat. He took office as the President of Kazakhstan on 20 March 2019, succeeding Nursultan Nazarbayev who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office. He was Chairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan from 16 October 2013 to 19 March 2019 and from 11 January 2007 to 15 April 2011. Tokayev served as Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 1 October 1999 to 28 January 2002 and as Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva from 12 March 2011 to 16 October 2013.

List of Kazakh flags

This is a list of flags used in Kazakhstan.

Nursultan Nazarbayev

Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev (born 6 July 1940) is the Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan who served as the first President of Kazakhstan, in office from 24 April 1990 until his resignation on 19 March 2019. He was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and was elected as the nation's first president following its independence from the Soviet Union. He holds the title "Leader of the Nation". In April 2015, Nazarbayev was re-elected with almost 98% of the vote, as he ran "virtually unopposed".Nazarbayev has been accused of human rights abuses by several human rights organisations and suppressed dissent and presided over an authoritarian regime. No election held in Kazakhstan since independence has been judged to be free or fair by the West. In 2010, he announced reforms to encourage a multi-party system. In January 2017, Nazarbayev proposed constitutional reforms that would delegate powers to the Parliament of Kazakhstan.

Ondasyn Urazalin

Ondasyn Seiluly Urazalin (Kazakh: Оңдасын Сейілұлы Оразалин; born 6 November 1963) is a Kazakh politician and is the current Governor of Aktobe Region. He served as Deputy Head of the Administration of the President of Kazakhstan (2017-2019).

Order of Nazarbayev

The Order of the First President of Kazakhstan – Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Тұңғыш Президенті - Елбасы Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев ордені, Russian: Орден «Первый Президент Республики Казахстан — Лидер Нации Нурсултан Назарбаев»), also referred to simply as the Order of Nazarbayev a state award of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It was established on 1 January 2001 in honor of President Nursultan Nazarbayev who was at the time, the first and only President of Kazakhstan.

It is awarded to Kazakh and foreign citizens for contributes to the development and prosperity of the country. That would include any of the following actions:

Participation in social activities

Achievements in sport and other competition on behalf of Kazakhstan

Contributions to the development of a stromg economy

Distinguished service in national law enforcement and military bodiesThe order changed its design four times since ots inception, from the sign on the cervical tape to the mark on the shoulder ribbon with the star.

Order of the Golden Eagle

The Order of the Golden Eagle or "Altyn Qyran" Order (Kazakh: Алтын Қыран ордені, Altyn Qyran ordeni; Russian: Орден Золотого орла) is the highest order of Kazakhstan. The order is awarded by the President of Kazakhstan. Established in 1995, the order recognizes outstanding service to Kazakhstan. The Order of the Golden Eagle may be awarded to individuals who have previously been awarded orders by Kazakhstan or the Soviet Union. The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan becomes a Commander special class of the Order of Altyn Kyran.

Politics of Kazakhstan

The politics of Kazakhstan takes place in the framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Kazakhstan is head of state and nominates the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament.

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan

The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan is the head of government of Kazakhstan and the second most powerful person in the country after the President of Kazakhstan. The Prime Minister heads the cabinet and advises the President in the every day execution of the functions of the Parliament of Kazakhstan.

Republican Guard (Kazakhstan)

The Republican Guard of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Республикалық ұланы, Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Respýblıkalyq ulany; Russian: Республиканская гвардия Республики Казахстана) is one of the branches of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, along with Land Forces, Naval Forces, Air Defense Forces and the Border Guards. The Republican Guard is designed for protection and defense of residence of the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev in Almaty and Nur-Sultan.

The Republican Guard was established on March 16, 1992, when the President of Kazakhstan signed a decree on their creation. Thus, the Day of the Republican Guard has been set as March 16. The Republican Guard was established on the basis of a separate brigade of operational designation of the Internal Troops deployed in the village of Ak Zhar, Kaskelen district of Almaty region. On April 21, 2014, Republican Guard and the Presidential Security Service were merged to form the State Security Service of Kazakhstan. The brigades can be compared to a reduced motor rifle regiment (BTR) of the Soviet Army, but without the artillery and tank battalions. In addition to line units, each brigade has a Special Purpose Company (RDA, Russian: рота специального назначения). This company receives training according to the training program of Army reconnaissance units. Furthermore, the members of the RDA companies are trained in hand-to-hand combat, as well as airborne operations.


The History:

The President of the Republic Nursultan Nazarbayev initiated the unification of national companies into a single holding under the control of the state.

The idea to unite all national companies into a single holding under state control was born by Nursultan Nazarbayev after his visit to Singapore in autumn 2003.

In 2003, the President of Kazakhstan met with Mr. Lee Kuan Yew and the Management Board of the TEMASEC, national investment Fund, which manages part of the state assets of Singapore. Nursultan Nazarbayev highly appreciated Lee Kuan Yew's activities in the field of state government and economy development and took into account the experience of the "Singapore economic miracle" in carrying out Kazakhstan's economic reforms.

After studying the experience of 13 world state holdings, it was concluded that one of the resources of Kazakhstan in increasing the long-term value and capitalization of national companies is to improve corporate governance.

In August 2006 by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan was founded JSC "Kazakhstan Holding of the State assets management "Samruk", an investment holding, whose mission was to improve the national welfare of the Republic of Kazakhstan and ensure the long-term sustainability of future generations.

First Board of Directors and Management Board of JSC "Kazakhstan holding on state assets management "Samruk" was approved by the President of Kazakhstan and consists of highly qualified top managers.

The first Chairman of the Board of Directors was the Head of the President Administration, Mr. Dzhaksybekov A., later this position was taken by Sir Richard Evans. The first Chairman of the Management Board was Mr. Mynbayev S., The Deputy Chairman of the Management Board was Mr. Kulibayev T.

As foreign specialists in the Holding were invited Mr. Vokurka Ulf from Germany and Mr. Stepanko Mihail from Russia.

At the first stage, only 5 national companies were included in the Samruk Holding, some of which are natural monopolies.

• JSC "national company "Kazakhstan Railways»

• JSC " national company "KazMunaiGas»;

• JSC "Kazakhstan company on management of energy networks of "KEGOC»

• JSC "Kazpost»

• JSC "Kazakhtelecom»

At the second stage, 17 national companies operating in the mining, energy sector, related to the sea and air transportation of goods and passenger transportation, generation and distribution of electricity, metallurgy and pipeline infrastructure were included in the Holding "Samruk".

The state holding focused its activities on the following main issues:

· coordination of positions of various ministries and departments to determine long-term goals and objectives of state companies;

· the selection, motivation, evaluation of managers of state-owned companies, development of their skills; planning, budgeting and approval investment of state-owned companies; monitoring the activities of state-owned companies and the adoption of corrective measures;

· advising the Government corporate Finance.

In 2009 Samruk merge with Investment Holding Kazayna.

Samruk-Kazyna (Kazakh: Samuryk-Qazyna), officially known as the National Welfare Fund "Samruk-Kazyna", is a sovereign wealth fund and joint stock company in Kazakhstan which owns, either in whole or in part, a number of major companies in the country. This includes the national rail and postal service, the state oil and gas company KazMunayGas, the state uranium company Kazatomprom, Air Astana, and others. The state is the sole shareholder of the fund. It was created in October 2008 with the merger of two funds, "Samruk" and "Kazyna", by decree of the president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Bakhytzhan Sagintayev was appointed as chairman of the board of directors at the National Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna JSC by a government resolution dated September 28, 2016. Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Board of «Samruk-Kazyna» JSC-Umirzak Shukeyev.

Independent directors- Sir Richard Harry Evans, Alper Akdeniz, Wilhelm Bender.

The fund is a member of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds and are signed up to the 24 Santiago Principles which are a voluntary standard of best practice endorsed by the members for the management of the Sovereign Wealth Funds.

Satbayev (city)

Satbayev (Kazakh: Сәтбаев, romanized: Sátbaev), until 1990 Nikolsk, is a city in Kazakhstan's Karaganda Region. The city is named after Kanysh Satbayev, one of the founders of Soviet metallogeny, principal advocate and the first president of Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences. Population: 60,105 (2009 Census results); 58,652 (1999 Census results).

Senate of Kazakhstan

The Senate of Kazakhastan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Парламентінің Сенаты, Qazaqstan Parlamentiniń Senaty) is the upper house of two chambers in Kazakhstan's legislature, known as the Parliament (Parlamenti). The Senate is composed of elected members - two from each region, the city of republican importance (Almaty) and the capital city of the Republic of Kazakhstan at joint sessions of the members of all representative bodies of respective regions, city of the republican importance and the capital city of the Republic.

Members of the Senate are elected on the basis of indirect suffrage by secret ballot. Half of elected members of the Senate are up for election every three years.

Fifteen members are appointed by the President of Kazakhstan with the view to ensure representation for all the diverse national, cultural components of society.

The term of office for the members of the Senate is 6 years.

According to constitutional norms in the Parliament of the fifth convocation, members of the Senate elected in 2011 and 2014 and those appointed by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2011 and 2013 continue to hold office.

Supreme Court of Kazakhstan

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the highest of three levels of courts of Kazakhstan, sitting above regional appeals courts, and city or district courts (courts of first instance). The Supreme Judicial Council recommends nominee Supreme Court judges to the President of Kazakhstan; the president then submits the nominees to the Senate of Kazakhstan for a vote of confirmation.

Vice President of Kazakhstan

Vice President of Kazakhstan was a political position in Kazakhstan 1991–1996.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev issued a decree on 22 February 1996 removing Erik Asanbayev from his post.

According to Article 48 in the constitution the presidential line of succession is now as follows:

1) Chairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan

2) Chairman of the Majilis

3) The Prime Minister

Heads of state and government of Europe
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