The President of Cyprus is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Cyprus. The office was created in 1960, after Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom. Currently, the President of Cyprus is Nicos Anastasiades, since 28 February 2013.
Uniquely among member states of the European Union, in Cyprus the roles of head of state and government are combined, making Cyprus the only EU state with a full presidential system of government. The 1960 Constitution provides for a Turkish Cypriot Vice President with extensive veto rights, but since 1963 the Turkish Cypriots officials abandoned all state positions including the position of the Vice President which has been vacant ever since.
|President of the Republic of Cyprus
Πρόεδρος της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας (Greek)
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı (Turkish)
Coat of arms of Cyprus
Presidential standard of Cyprus
since 28 February 2013
|Member of||European Council|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Makarios III|
|Formation||16 August 1960|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of Office||Party|
|Archbishop Makarios III
|16 August 1960||15 July 1974
|—||15 July 1974||23 July 1974||Progressive Front|
|—||23 July 1974||7 December 1974||United Democratic Party|
|Archbishop Makarios III
|—||7 December 1974
|3 August 1977[†]||Independent|
|—||3 August 1977||3 September 1977||Democratic Party|
|3 September 1977||28 February 1988|
|1988||28 February 1988||28 February 1993||Independent|
Progressive Party of Working People
|28 February 1993||28 February 2003||Democratic Rally|
|2003||28 February 2003||28 February 2008||Democratic Party|
Progressive Party of Working People
|2008||28 February 2008||28 February 2013||Progressive Party of Working People|
|28 February 2013||Incumbent
(Term ends on 28 February 2023)
|Candidate and nominating parties||1st round||2nd round|
|Nicos Anastasiades - DISY||137,268||35.51||215,281||55.99|
|Stavros Malas - AKEL||116,920||30.24||169,243||44.01|
|Nikolas Papadopoulos - DIKO||99,508||25.74|
|Christos Christou - ELAM||21,846||5.65|
|Giorgos Lillikas - Citizens' Alliance||8,419||2.18|
|Andreas Efstratiou - Independent||845||0.22|
|Charis Aristeidou - Independent||752||0.19|
|Michail Mina - Organisation of Justice Fighters||662||0.17|
|Christakis Kapiliotis - Independent||391||0.10|
|Turnout (out of 550,876 registered votes)||395,949||71.88||407,475||73.97|
|Source: results.elections.moi.gov.cy (first round and second round)|
|#||President||Date of birth||Age at inauguration
|Time in office
|Age at retirement
|Date of death||Longevity|
|1||Makarios III||August 13, 1913||47 years, 3 days||16 years, 211 days||63 years, 355 days||August 3, 1977||63 years, 355 days|
|2||Spyros Kyprianou||October 28, 1932||44 years, 310 days||10 years, 178 days||55 years, 123 days||March 12, 2002||69 years, 135 days|
|3||Georgios Vassiliou||May 20, 1931||56 years, 284 days||5 years, 0 days||61 years, 284 days||Living||87 years, 338 days (Living)|
|4||Glafcos Clerides||April 24, 1919||73 years, 310 days||10 years, 0 days||83 years, 310 days||November 15, 2013||94 years, 204 days|
|5||Tassos Papadopoulos||January 7, 1934||69 years, 52 days||5 years, 0 days||74 years, 52 days||December 12, 2008||74 years, 340 days|
|6||Demetris Christofias||August 29, 1946||61 years, 183 days||5 years, 0 days||66 years, 183 days||Living||72 years, 237 days (Living)|
|7||Nicos Anastasiades||September 27, 1946||66 years, 154 days||6 years, 54 days (Ongoing)||Incumbent||Living||72 years, 208 days (Living)|
The Council of Ministers is the executive branch of the Cypriot government, consisting of ministers. The council is chaired by the President of Cyprus and the ministers head executive departments of the government. The President and his ministers administer the government and the various public services.Cypriot Super Cup
The Cypriot Super Cup is a Cypriot association football trophy, contested in an annual match between the Cypriot First Division Champion and the Cypriot Cup winners. If a team wins The Double (both the Championship and the Cup), then the Double winner plays the Cypriot Cup finalist. The match is contested at the beginning of the football season, and for the last 20 years in Nicosia; also for the past few seasons, after the construction of the GSP Stadium in Nicosia, it has been played almost every year in that stadium. If the match is tied then the penalties shoot out follows.
The first match was played in 1951, under the name Pakkos Shield (Ασπίδα Πάκκου), and continued until 1967. Until then, no trophy was awarded, but according to the rule, the team that would have won the trophy most of the times, that it would have been awarded the trophy to that team. The first Shield was finally awarded to Çetinkaya, who were the first club to win the trophy three times. At that time if the winner was both Champion and Cup-winner, then it was automatically awarded as the Cypriot FA Shield winner.For ten years the competition wasn't held and began again in 1979 under the name Stylianakis Shield, for honor to a former president of Cyprus Football Association. It lasted for 10 years as Stylianakis Shield and was awarded to Omonia in 1988, with 7 times winner.The competition was renamed to Cyprus Football Association Shield in 1989. From 2008 to 2013, the competition was held under the name LTV Super Cup, taking the name of the competition's sponsor LTV. After LTV's withdrawal as the competition's sponsor in 2014, the competition is simply called the Super Cup.The most successful team in the competition are Omonia, winners on sixteen occasions.Cyprus Football Association
The Cyprus Football Association (CFA) (Greek: Κυπριακή Ομοσπονδία Ποδοσφαίρου (ΚΟΠ); Turkish: Kıbrıs Futbol Federasyonu (KFF)) is the governing body of football in Cyprus and is based in Nicosia. It organizes the football championships, whose top league is the Cypriot First Division. It also organizes the Cypriot Cup, the Cypriot Super Cup and the Cypriot national football team. Cyprus Football Association is also responsible for organizing all the futsal competitions, like the Cypriot Futsal league, the Cypriot Futsal Cup and the Cypriot Futsal Super Cup.
Organized football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British. Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed. As football became established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. On 23 September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association was founded by the following eight clubs: AEL Limassol, Anorthosis Famagusta, APOEL, Aris Limassol, EPA Larnaca, Olympiakos Nicosia, Lefkoşa Türk Spor Kulübü and Trust. After Cyprus Football Association's establishment football began to be played on an official basis with the CFA organizing various championships for its member clubs. It became FIFA member in 1948 and UEFA member in 1962.
In 2007, Cyprus Football Association moved to its new headquarters in Nicosia. The opening ceremony was attended by UEFA president Michel Platini, and the former president of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos.Over the last decade more and more teams often criticize the organisation about setting up fixed games and having bias referees at fixtures. Most of the football fans in Cyprus dislike the organisation mostly because their own teams criticize the association. The teams and fans often exaggerate referee mistakes although some so called mistakes do raise questions.Cyprus Red Cross
The Cyprus Red Cross Society (CRCS) is the only Red Cross society in Cyprus recognised by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The Headquarters of the Society are located in Nicosia.
Since 2004, the President of the Cyprus Red Cross has been Fotini Papadopoulou, daughter of Anastasios George Leventis and wife of former President of Cyprus Tassos PapadopoulosCyprus University of Technology
The Cyprus University of Technology (CUT) (Greek: Τεχνολογικό Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου or "ΤΕ.ΠΑ.Κ.", is a university established in 2004. Its first intake of students took place in the academic year 2007–08. The establishment of CUT is an attempt to fill in gaps that still exist within Cyprus' higher education by offering degrees in undergraduate and post graduate levels that are not offered by the University of Cyprus or by other higher education institutions.
It is based in Limassol, the second largest city in Cyprus. It was officially inaugurated in September 2007 by then-President of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos.Cyprus–Ireland relations
Cyprus – Ireland relations are the relations between Cyprus and Ireland. Cyprus has an embassy in Dublin, while Ireland maintains an embassy in Nicosia. Both countries are members of the United Nations and the European Union.Demetris Christofias
Demetris Christofias, also spelled Dimitris Christofias (Greek: Δημήτρης Χριστόφιας [ðiˈmitɾis xɾiˈstofças]; born 29 August 1946), is a Cypriot former politician who was the sixth President of Cyprus from 2008 to 2013. Christofias was the General Secretary of AKEL, the Communist Party of Cyprus, and was the European Union's and Cyprus' first, and so far only, Communist head of state. He won the 2008 Cypriot presidential elections in the second round of voting. Throughout the election campaign, he pledged to restart talks with Turkish Cypriots in order to find a solution to the Cyprus dispute and reunify the island. He has also supported the closure of the British military bases on Cyprus.Democratic Rally
The Democratic Rally (Greek: Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός (ΔΗΣΥ), Dimokratikós Sinagermós (DISY)), is a conservative, Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus led by Averof Neofytou. The party was founded on 4 July 1976 by veteran politician Glafcos Clerides. Clerides served as the president of Cyprus from 1993 until 2003.
The current President of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades (in office since 2013), is a member and former leader of the party.Eleftheria Indoor Hall
Eleftheria Athletic Center (Greek: Αθλητικό Κέντρο "Ελευθερία"), officially named Tassos Papadopoulos Eleftheria Indoor Hall (Greek: κλειστό στάδιο "Τάσσος Παπαδόπουλος - Ελευθερία") is an indoor arena that is located besides Makario Stadium and Lefkotheo Indoor Hall in Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus. The hall is mainly used for basketball events, although it can also be used for badminton, gymnastics, karate, taekwondo, handball, squash, volleyball, judo, futsal and table tennis. It is sometimes also used for national celebrations, for the declaration of the new President of Cyprus, and for musical concerts.
The arena is named after Tassos Papadopoulos, the fifth President of the Republic of Cyprus, who was in office from February 28, 2003, to February 28, 2008. Currently, the arena has a capacity of around 6,800 seats, and it is the biggest indoor sports hall on the island of Cyprus.George Vassiliou
Georgios Vasos Vassiliou (Greek: Γιώργος Βασιλείου; born May 20, 1931) is a Greek Cypriot politician who served as the third President of Cyprus from 1988 to 1993. He was also the founder and leader of the Cypriot United Democrats party (EDI) and a highly successful businessman.Glafcos Clerides
Glafcos Ioannou Clerides (Greek: Γλαύκος Ιωάννου Κληρίδης; 24 April 1919 – 15 November 2013) was a Greek Cypriot politician and barrister who served as the fourth President of Cyprus from 1993 to 2003. At the time of his death, he was the oldest living former President of Cyprus.Makario Stadium
Makario Stadium (Greek: Μακάρειο Στάδιο), is an all-seater multi-purpose stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus. It was the largest and main sports venue of the capital up to the construction of the GSP stadium in 1999. At present it is mostly used for football matches and is the home ground of Digenis Morphou and Ethnikos Assia. The stadium holds 16,000 seated spectators. The playing field is surrounded by a running track and can be adapted to hold most track and field events. Apart from corporate boxes and the press centre, there are no coverings for spectators.
It is built in the Nicosia suburb of Makedonitissa, close to the grounds of the Cyprus State Fair, with which it shares a large car park.
Over the years it has served as the home ground for Nicosia teams such as AC Omonia, APOEL and Olympiakos. The Cypriot national team has also played home matches there in the past. All those teams have now relocated to the New GSP stadium. The ultras of APOEL (PANSYFI - AU79) and Omonia (Gate-9) were formed during the years their teams played at the stadium.
The Makario was built in 1978 and is named after Makarios III, the Ethnarch of Cyprus; Archbishop and first President of Cyprus. It has hosted many Cypriot Cup and Super Cup finals and was the main venue for the 1989 Games of the Small States of Europe.Nicos Anastasiades
Nicos Anastasiades (Greek: Νίκος Αναστασιάδης [ˈnikos anastasiˈaðis]; Turkish: Nikos Anastasiadis; born 27 September 1946) is a Cypriot politician who has been President of Cyprus since 2013. On 4 February 2018, he was re-elected for a second five-year term. Previously, he was the leader of Democratic Rally and a Member of Parliament for Limassol.Nikos Sampson
Nikos Sampson (Greek: Νίκος Σαμψών; 16 December 1935 – 9 May 2001) was the de facto president of Cyprus who succeeded Archbishop Makarios, appointed as President of Cyprus by the Greek military leaders of the coup d'état against Makarios, on July 15 1974. Sampson was a journalist and a member of EOKA, which rose against the British colonial administration, seeking Enosis (Union) of the island of Cyprus with Greece. He was eventually arrested and sentenced to death, but was imprisoned in Britain after the sentence was commuted, returning after Cyprus gained independence.
Upon his return upon the formation of the Republic of Cyprus, he entered politics, becoming a member of Parliament. Following the coup of 1974 by the Greek Junta, he was appointed President by the leaders of the coup Kombokis and Georgitsis as a solution of necessity because nobody else accepted, and remained in the position for eight days. Following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July he resigned. He was later sentenced to twenty years in prison for abuse of power, the only person convicted vis-à-vis the coup, maintaining there had been a setup and cover up.According to Cyprus-based Polish-American journalist, Andrew Borowiec, several members of the US embassy in Nicosia had been on friendly terms with Sampson and he had even toured the USA at the US government's invitation. Three years into his sentence, he was allowed to go to France on medical grounds, and subsequently settled in France. He returned to Cyprus in 1990 to resume his sentence, and was pardoned for the remainder of his sentence in 1993. Following his release, he went into the newspaper publishing business. He died of cancer in 2001.Spyros Kyprianou
Spyros Achilleos Kyprianou (Greek: Σπύρος Κυπριανού; 28 October 1932 – 12 March 2002) was one of the most prominent politicians and barristers of modern Cyprus. He served as the second President of Cyprus from 1977 to 1988.
Spyrou Kyprianou Avenue (Greek: Λεωφόρος Σπύρου Κυπριανού) in Nicosia was named after him posthumously.Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Center
The Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Center (Greek: Αθλητικό Κέντρο "Σπύρος Κυπριανού"), also known as Palais des sports, is the biggest multi-dynamic indoor athletic arena in Cyprus. It is named after the late president of Cyprus, Spyros Kyprianou.Tassos Papadopoulos
Efstathios "Tassos" Nikolaou Papadopoulos (Greek: Ευστάθιος (Τάσσος) Νικολάου Παπαδόπουλος; 7 January 1934 – 12 December 2008) was a Cypriot politician and barrister who served as the fifth President of Cyprus from February 28, 2003 to February 28, 2008.United Democrats
The United Democrats (Greek: Ενωμένοι Δημοκράτες (ΕΔΗ), Enomenoi Dimokrates (EDI)) is a liberal political party in Cyprus. The party was founded by former President of Cyprus George Vasiliou in 1993 as Kinima Eleftheron Dimokraton ("Movement of Free Democrats"). The party later merged with ADISOK (a group of former AKEL members, including Andreas Fantis, Andreas Ziartides and Pavlos Diglis) to form United Democrats.
The party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and observer of the Liberal International.Vice President of Cyprus
Vice President of Cyprus is the second highest political position in the Cyprus.
Under the 1960 constitution, the vice presidency is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot. However, the Turkish Cypriots have not participated in the government since December 1963. Since 1974 the post of Vice President of Cyprus has been vacant.
Additionally under the 1960 constitution, three of the ministerial posts have been reserved for Turkish Cypriots, and to be appointed by the Vice President.
History of the office holders follows.
Presidents of Cyprus
European Union Portal
Heads of state and government of Europe