The President of the Republic of Botswana is the head of state and the head of government of Botswana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, according to the Constitution of Botswana.
The president is elected to a five-year term that runs concurrently with the term of the National Assembly. Since 1997, it has been limited to a total of 10 years in office (equivalent to two full terms), even if they are nonconsecutive. Candidates for the legislature declare whom they endorse for president when they lodge their nomination papers. The candidate who receives a majority of endorsements from the elected members of the National Assembly is automatically elected. If no candidate receives a majority of endorsements, the National Assembly elects the president by simple majority, before it co-opts the specially elected members. If no president is elected after three ballots, or if the Speaker determines that no candidate has enough support to be elected, the legislature is automatically dissolved. In practice, the president is the leader of the majority party in the Assembly.
|President of the|
Republic of Botswana
since 1 April 2018
|Appointer||Parliament of Botswana|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Seretse Khama|
|Formation||30 September 1960|
|Deputy||Vice-President of Botswana|
|Elected||Took office||Left office||Political Party|
|30 September 1960||13 July 1980[†]||BDP|
|18 July 1980||31 March 1998||BDP|
|1 April 1998||1 April 2008||BDP|
|1 April 2008||1 April 2018||BDP|
|2018||1 April 2018||Incumbent||BDP|
This is a graphical lifespan timeline of Presidents of Botswana. The presidents are listed in order of office.
The Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) is an opposition political party in Botswana established in 2010 by MPs and other politicians who split from the ruling Botswana Democratic Party over differences with Ian Khama, the BDP's leader and President of Botswana.It was the first party to split from the BDP, which has ruled Botswana since independence in 1966. Its leader is Gomolemo Motswaledi, elected on May 2, 2011 at the party's inaugural congress. Botsalo Ntuane, currently MP for Gaborone West South constituency and the Leader of the Opposition in Parliament, was elected as party Vice President. Sydney Pilane, who had been serving as the party's Public Relation's Officer since its formation, lost his bid for Party President to Motswaledi.According to the Preamble of the Constitution of the BMD, the party was founded "to defend and advance the rights of the peoples of Botswana during and in order to interrupt and reverse the progressive destruction of their independence and the creation of what, by most accounts, threatens to be an authoritarian government". The document goes on to stress that is aims to remove the current "undemocratic" government of Botswana "through constitutional and democratic means" with the aim of restoring and promoting "a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic Botswana."Consumer Watchdog (Botswana)
Consumer Watchdog is a division of Business & Enterprise Solutions Botswana (Pty) Ltd, a privately owned company registered in Botswana and based in Gaborone.
With newspaper columns in both the national daily newspaper Mmegi and the country's best-selling newspaper The Voice every Friday, as well as a blog, Consumer Watchdog has a wide reach regarding consumer issues in Botswana.
Originally set up in 2004, Watchdog has the following stated aims:
To campaign for legislation to protect the consumer
To represent consumers and advocate on their behalf
To make service providers in Botswana accountable
To educate consumers about their choices, their rights, their responsibilitiesServices delivered by BES, the parent company of Consumer Watchdog, include customer service training, organisational review and mystery shopping.
On 31 May 2007, Consumer Watchdog celebrated its second birthday party, with the President of Botswana Festus Mogae as guest of honour. 180 customer service champions were celebrated in front of the president, the press and the people.Consumer Watchdog representatives have worked widely with companies in Botswana and southern Africa, including major banks in Botswana.
They also work with the government, insurance companies, retail outlets and restaurants.Festus Mogae
Festus Gontebanye Mogae (born 21 August 1939) is a Motswana politician who served as the third President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008. He succeeded Quett Masire as President in 1998 and was re-elected in October 2004; after ten years in office, he stepped down in 2008 and was succeeded by Lieutenant General Ian Khama.First Lady of Botswana
The First Lady of the Republic of Botswana is the wife of the President of Botswana. The current First Lady is Neo Masisi, the wife of President Mokgweetsi Masisi.Ian Khama
Serêtsê Khama Ian Khama (born 27 February 1953) is a Motswana former military officer and retired politician who served as the fourth President of the Republic of Botswana from 1 April 2008 to 1 April 2018. After serving as Commander of the Botswana Defence Force, he entered politics and served as Vice-President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008, then succeeded Festus Mogae as President on 1 April 2008. He won a full term in the 2009 election and was re-elected in October 2014.Lenyeletse Seretse
Lenyeletse Seretse (25 June 1921 – 3 January 1983) was Vice-President of Botswana from July 1980 until his death on 3 January 1983. From Northern Botswana, Seretse was appointed Vice-President to placate his fellow Northerners following the assumption of Southerner Quett Masire to the Presidency.Mokgweetsi Masisi
Dr. Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi (born 21 July 1961) is the 5th and current President of Botswana. He has also served as Minister of Education since 2014, and previously he was Minister of Presidential Affairs and Public Administration from 2011 to 2014. He was first elected to Parliament in 2009.Mompati Merafhe
Mompati Sebogodi Merafhe (6 June 1936 – 7 January 2015) was a Botswana politician who was Vice-President of Botswana from 2008 to 2012. He was a retired Lieutenant-General and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1994 to 2008.Parliament of Botswana
The Parliament of Botswana consists of the President and the National Assembly. In contrast to other Parliamentary systems, the Parliament elects the President directly (instead of having both a ceremonial President and a Prime Minister who has real authority as head of government) for a set five-year term of office. There are no term limits. The President is both head of State and of Government in Botswana's parliamentary republican system. The former President of Botswana is Ian Khama, who assumed the Presidency on 1 April 2008 and won a full five-year term in the postceding Botswana General elections, which were held on 16 October 2009 and returned his Botswana Democratic Party with a majority of 35 (total of 45) seats in the 61 seat Parliament.
There also exists a body known as Ntlo ya Dikgosi, (The House of Chiefs), which is an advisory body that does not form part of the Parliament.
Botswana is one of the two only nations on the African continent since the end of colonial rule to have achieved a clean record of free and fair elections since independence, having held 10 elections since 1966 without any serious incidents of corruption. The other is MauritiusPeter Mmusi
Peter Simako Otlaadisang Mmusi (born 16 May 1929, died October 1994) was the Vice-President of Botswana from 3 January 1983 until 1992. He also served as the Minister of Local Government and Lands. He was born in Mmankgodi in the Kweneng District.
He resigned following a Presidential Commission which identified him as taking part in illegal land dealings outside Gaborone.Politics of Botswana
Politics of Botswana takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Botswana is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Botswana. The party system has been dominated by the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), which has never lost power since independence. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Botswana is formally a multiparty constitutional democracy. Each of the elections since independence in September 1966 has been freely and fairly contested and has been held on schedule. The country's small white minority and other minorities participate freely in the political process. There are two main rival parties and a number of smaller parties. General elections are held at least every five years.The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Botswana as a "flawed democracy" in 2016.Ponatshego Kedikilwe
Ponatshego Honorius Kefaeng Kedikilwe (born 7 July 1938) is a Botswana politician who was Vice-President of Botswana from 2012 to 2014. A member of the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), he has also served as Minister of Minerals, Energy, and Water Resources since 2007. He was first elected to the National Assembly as the Member of Parliament for Mmadinare in 1984.Quett Masire
Quett Ketumile Joni Masire, GCMG (23 July 1925 – 22 June 2017) was the second President of Botswana, in office from 1980 to 1998. He was a leading figure in the independence movement and then the new government, and played a crucial role in facilitating and protecting Botswana's steady financial growth and development. He stepped down in 1998 and was succeeded by Vice-President Festus Mogae, who became the third President of Botswana.Seretse Khama
Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama, GCB, KBE (1 July 1921 – 13 July 1980) was the first President of Botswana, in office from 1960 .1966 to 1980.
Born into one of the most powerful African royal families of what was then the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland, he was educated abroad in neighboring South Africa and in the United Kingdom. He married a British woman, Ruth Williams, which initially was controversial because she was white. She became popular among his people. Khama led his country's independence movement.
He founded the Botswana Democratic Party in 1962 and became Prime Minister in 1965. In 1960.1966, Botswana gained independence and Khama was elected as its first president. During his presidency, the country underwent rapid economic and social progress.Sir Seretse Khama International Airport
Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (IATA: GBE, ICAO: FBSK), located 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Gaborone, is the main international airport of the capital city of Botswana. The airport is named after Sir Seretse Khama, the first president of Botswana. It was opened in 1984 and offers limited capacity to handle regional and (especially) international traffic. Nonetheless, it has the largest passenger movement in the country. In 2017 the airport got its first special economic zone which will house in the following departments: CAAB, BIH, ITPA and diamond hub for diamond sector.Slumber Tsogwane
Slumber Tsogwane (born 21 September 1960) is the current Vice President of Botswana. He took office on 4 April 2018, succeeding Mokgweetsi Masisi. He is a member of the Botswana Democratic Party. Tsogwane formerly served as Botswana's Local Government and Rural Development Minister from November 2014 to March 2018.He has a bachelor's degree from the University of Botswana.TeachAIDS
TeachAIDS (pronounced ) is a nonprofit social enterprise that develops global HIV prevention education technology products, based on an approach invented through research at Stanford University.The TeachAIDS software has been cited as a model health intervention. Since the materials bypass issues of stigma, they allow HIV prevention education to be provided to communities where it has previously not been allowed. In other communities, the tutorials provide the highest learning effects and comfort rates of any tested educational approach.The TeachAIDS products are animated, interactive software tutorials, developed for individual cultures and languages, and incorporating the voices of celebrities from each region. In India, these include national icons such as Amitabh Bachchan, Shabana Azmi, Akkineni Nagarjuna and Sudeep Ssanjeev. In Botswana, they include musicians Scar, Zeus, and former President of Botswana, Festus Mogae.TeachAIDS operates globally, with its software in use in more than 80 countries. Its materials are made available for free under a Creative Commons License, funded by sponsorships, grants, and donations. Backers include Barclays, Cigna, Covington & Burling, Google, Microsoft, UNICEF, and Yahoo!.Tshekedi Khama II
Tshekedi Stanford Khama (born 9 June 1958) is a Botswana Member of Parliament from Serowe North-West. He is a member of the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP). He is also the brother of the former President of Botswana, Ian Khama, and one of four children of the first President of Botswana, Seretse Khama and Ruth Williams Khama.From 2012 until 2018 he was Minister of Environment, Conservation, Natural Resources and Tourism. In 2018, President Mokgweetsi Masisi made him Minister of Youth Empowerment, Sports and Culture Development.Vice-President of Botswana
The Vice-President of Botswana is the second-highest executive official in the Government of Botswana.
Vice-President is appointed by the President of Botswana among elected members of the National Assembly. Vice-President is the constitutional successor of the President in case of a vacancy.
Heads of state and government of Africa
|Heads of state|
|Heads of government|