President of Azerbaijan

The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan.

The Constitution states that the president will be the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his executive office, the Presidential Administration, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers regarding economic and social policy and a Security Council regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters.

Chief military advisors to the President of Azerbaijan have included Turkish Air Force Brig. Gen. Yasar Demirbulak (1992–1994), Maj. Gen. Nuraddin Sadykhov (1993–1999), Col. Gen. Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Lt. Gen. Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).

Among the agencies directly subordinate to the President is the Special State Protection Service.

President of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Flag of the President of Azerbaijan
Standard of the President
Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev - President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Incumbent
Ilham Aliyev

since 31 October 2003
ResidencePresidential Palace in Ganjlik
Term lengthFive years, maximum two terms[1]
Inaugural holderAyaz Mutalibov
Formation30 August 1991 (de facto)
27 November 1995 (de jure)
DeputyVice President of Azerbaijan
WebsiteThe President of Azerbaijan

Selection process

Eligibility

A candidate for the office must be a citizen of Azerbaijan at least 35 years old, and resident in Azerbaijan for at least 10 years.[1]

Election

Each faction in the National Assembly has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections. The minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 40,000, before amendments to the law.[2]

Insignia

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.

Standard (flag)

The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan.[3] A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan President.

Powers and duties

Guarantor of the Constitution

As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the President ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country’s Constitution and federal laws.

Foreign policy

The President is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The President determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.

Residences

The primary working President's residence is the Presidential building (also known as the Presidential apparatus) on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[4][5][6]

The current (since 2008) home President's residence is Zagulba (Azerbaijani: Zaqulba).[7]

Also, the President has several vacation residences outside of Baku.

Transport

National transport services for the Azerbaijan President are provided by the Special Purpose Garage,[8] which is a unit within the Special State Protection Service.[9]

The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.

Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)

For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
30 August 1991 6 March 1992 189 None 1. Mütəllibov II 1991
Nagorno-Karabakh War; Khojaly Massacre; Capture of Shusha; 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown. Forced to submit his resignation after pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front.
2 Yagub Mammadov (acting)
Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov
(born 1941)
6 March 1992 14 May 1992 69 None [10]
Ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
3 Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
14 May 1992 18 May 1992 4 None Mütəllibov II
Deposed from his duty after takeover by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
4 Isa Gambar Isa Gambar (acting)
Azerbaijani: İsa Qəmbər
(born 1957)
19 May 1992 16 June 1992 28 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party [11]
Took temporary duties of president until the national elections in 1992.
5 Abulfaz Elchibey
Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy
(1938–2000)
16 June 1992 1 September 1993 442 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 2. Elçibəy I 1992 [12]
Among the Soviet republics the Russian army was first withdrawn from Azerbaijan; The national currency of Azerbaijan was put into circulation; State Treasure Foundation was established; Entrance examinations to he high and vocational educational was held with test method for the first time; The foundation of private institutions in the education field was permitted; The passage to the Latin alphabet; Founded the SOCAR; Re-established Azerbaijani Armed Forces; Operation Goranboy.
6 Heydar Aliyev 1997 Heydar Aliyev
Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev
(1923–2003)
3 October 1993 31 October 2003 3680 New Azerbaijan Party 3. H.Əliyev II 1993
1998
[13]
Founded the YAP; Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality; Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline; South Caucasus Pipeline; 1994 Baku Metro bombings. Survived coup attempt in 1995.
7 Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev - President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
(born 1961)
31 October 2003 Incumbent 5651 New Azerbaijan Party 6. İ.Əliyev I 2003
2008
2013
2018
[14]
Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member to United Nations Security Council; foiled 2007 Baku terrorist plot; Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting; 2010 Mardakert skirmishes; 2014 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; Forced evictions in Baku; 2011 Azerbaijani protests; Eurovision Song Contest 2012; 2013 Baku protests; He was criticised for restricting the freedom of media and accused of violating human rights; 2014 Nagorno-Karabakh Mil Mi-24 shootdown; 2015 Baku residence building fire; 2015 European Games

Last election

Candidate Party Votes %
Ilham Aliyev New Azerbaijan Party 3,126,113 84.54
Jamil Hasanli National Council of Democratic Forces 204,642 5.53
Igbal Aghazade Party of Hope 88,723 2.40
Gudrat Hasanguliyev Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party 73,702 1.99
Zahid Oruj Independent 53,839 1.45
Ilyas Ismayılov Justice Party 39,722 1.07
Araz Alizade Social Democratic Party 32,069 0.87
Faraj Guliyev National Revival Movement Party 31,926 0.86
Hafiz Hajiyev Modern Equality Party 24,461 0.66
Sardar Mammadov Azerbaijan Democratic Party 22,773 0.63
Invalid/blank votes 36,622
Total 3,734,592 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,214,787 71.62
Source: CEC

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASINDA DÖVLƏT HAKİMİYYƏTİ HAQQINDA ÜMUMİ MƏLUMAT". www.taxes.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Ten Candidates Registered For Azerbaijani Presidential Election". www.rferl.org. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Standard of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan" (PDF). Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Presidential Library. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  4. ^ "Kompass catalog". Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
  5. ^ "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
  6. ^ Baku Information Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ ВИЗИТ НЕ ВЕЖЛИВОСТИ. gazeta-nv.info (in Russian). Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ Republic of Azerbaijan - Special State Protection Service Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Heydar Aliyev's Heritage International Online Library: Speech by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, the High Chief in a ceremony marking the 5th anniversary of the founding of the National Guard - National Guard headquarters in Azerbaijan, 25 December 1996 Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  10. ^ "Yaqub Məmmədov nurçuları Azərbaycana gətirənin adını açıqladı - MÜSAHİBƏ". publika.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  11. ^ "İsa Qəmbər on adam.az". adam.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  12. ^ (in French) "Les liaisons dangereuses de la police turque" Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, Le Monde diplomatique, March 1997
  13. ^ Lewis, Paul. "H.A. Aliyev, K.G.B. Officer And Azeri Leader, 80, Dies". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Azerbaijan's Ilham Aliyev claims election victory". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2014.

External links

Abulfaz Elchibey

Abulfaz Elchibey, (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy / Әбүлфәз Елчибәј; 24 June 1938 in Nakhchivan – 22 August 2000 in Ankara) was an Azerbaijani political figure and a former Soviet dissident. His real name was Abulfaz Qadirqulu oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Qədirqulu oğlu Əliyev / Әбүлфәз Гәдиргулу оғлу Әлијев), but he assumed the nickname of "Elçibəy" (Azerbaijani for the "noble messenger") upon his leadership of the Azerbaijani Popular Front in 1990. Elchibey was the second president of Azerbaijan, serving from 16 June 1992 until his overthrow in a coup d'état in June 1993.

Ayaz Mutallibov

Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutallibov (Azerbaijani: Ayaz Niyazi oğlu Mütəllibov / Ајаз Нијази оғлу Мүтәллибов; Russian: Аяз Ниязович Муталибов, translit. Ayaz Niyazovich Mutalibov, born 12 May 1938, Baku) is an Azerbaijani politician who served as the first president of Azerbaijan. He was the last leader of Soviet Azerbaijan, and the first President of independent Azerbaijan from October 1991 until May 1992.

Azerbaijani National Guard

The Azerbaijani National Guard (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Qvardiyası) is an armed force of the Government of Azerbaijan, and operates as a semi-independent entity. The Guard was definitely active in December 1996 but now appears to have been incorporated into the Special State Protection Service. The guard was established on the December 25, 1991. The Special State Protection Service (SSPS) of Azerbaijan is a military unit subordinate to the President of Azerbaijan. Its responsibilities include organization of the President of Azerbaijan, the protection of the National Parliament, Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan, the Cabinet of Ministers, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, the Constitutional Court, the Central Election Commission and other public facilities as well as the protection of foreign heads of state on the territory of Azerbaijan. One of the most important tasks of the SSPS is the safety of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and the South Caucasus Pipeline. NATO is providing the service with several helicopters and vehicles in order to safeguard the pipeline.The National Guard has a guard of honor battalion for ceremonial events. The National Guard also appears to have a wartime role as part of Azerbaijan's Land Forces.

Azerbaijan–Netherlands relations

Azerbaijan-Netherlands relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and the Netherlands.

Babek (city)

Babək (also, Babek, Babekskiy, and Tazakend) is a city and municipality in and the capital of Babek Rayon, in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan.

In 2015, by decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic, Qoşadizə village was liquidated and added into the administrative territory of the city of Babek.

Babek District

Babek or Babak (Azerbaijani: Babək) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. It was formerly known as Nakhchivan District (till 1978). The district named in honour of Babak Khorramdin, who led a 23-year-long uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate in Iranian Azerbaijan.

Since June 9, 2009, by the decree of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic, the Bulqan, Garachug, Garaxanbeyli, Tumbul and Haciniyyət villages of the Babek Rayon are included in the scope of the administrative territorial unit of Nakhchivan city.On the November 28, 2014, by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Republic, the Nahajir and Goynuk villages of the Julfa Rayon were liquidated and added to the administrative territory of the Babek Rayon.In 2015, by decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic, Goshadize village was liquidated and added into the administrative territory of the city of Babek.

Elections in Azerbaijan

Elections in Azerbaijan gives information on election and election results in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan elects on a national level a head of state – the president, and a legislature. The President of Azerbaijan is elected for a seven-year term by the people; before a constitutional referendum changed this in 2009, the position was limited to two terms. The National Assembly (Milli Məclis) has 125 members. Before 2005, 100 members were elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies and 25 members were elected by proportional representation. Since 2005 all 125 members are elected in single-seat constituencies. Azerbaijan is a one party dominant state.

Each of political parties in Azerbaijan has the same rights and opportunities to compete in elections as defined in by the Constitution and respective laws.

On Sunday, 1 November 2015, the most recent parliamentary elections were held. On Wednesday, 11 April 2018, the most recent presidential election was held.

First Lady of Azerbaijan

The First Lady of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycanın birinci xanımı) is the informal title of the wife of the President of Azerbaijan. The current First Lady is Mehriban Aliyeva, wife of President Ilham Aliyev, who has held the position since 31 October 2003.

General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces

The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan Republic (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası Silahlı Qüvvələri Baş Qərargahı) is the military staff of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. It is the central organ of the Armed Forces Administration and oversees operational management of the armed forces under the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan Republic.

The Chief of the General Staff is appointed by the President of Azerbaijan, who is the supreme commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The current Chief of the General Staff is Colonel General Najmaddin Sadigov.

Green Theatre

The Green Theatre (Azerbaijani: Yaşıl teatr) is an open-air theatre in Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan. The theatre seats 2500 spectators.

The theatre was built in the mid-1960s on the initiative of the city's mayor of the time Alish Lambaranski. The Green Theatre was built as a venue intended for important cultural events.

In 1993, the theatre ceased functioning. In August 2005, Ilham Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan ordered to carry out repairs works in the theatre. Speaking at the opening ceremony, Ilham Aliyev said:

Concerts.

Heydar Aliyev

Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev, [hejdær ælirzɑ oɣlu ælijɪf]; Russian: Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев, translit. Geydar Aliyevich Aliyev, [gʲɪjˈdar ɐˈlʲiʲɪvɪtɕ ɐˈlʲiʲɪf]; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003) was an Azerbaijani politician who served as the third President of Azerbaijan from October 1993 to October 2003. As national president he held constitutional powers, but his influence on Azerbaijani politics had begun years earlier. As a young man he had joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) and quickly rose to the rank of Major-General.

The regime established by Heydar Aliyev in Azerbaijan has been described as dictatorial or authoritarian

and repressive. Political commentators highlight that Aliyev ran a heavy-handed police state, that he rigged elections and muzzled the media whereas others emphasize that his balanced policy brought stability to Azerbaijan.

Heydar Aliyev Center

The Heydar Aliyev Center is a 57,500 m2 (619,000 sq ft) building complex in Baku, Azerbaijan designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid and noted for its distinctive architecture and flowing, curved style that eschews sharp angles. The center is named after Heydar Aliyev, the first secretary of Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1982, and president of Azerbaijan Republic from October 1993 to October 2003.

Ilham Aliyev

Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev, [ilhɑm hɛjdær ɔɣlu ælijɪf]; born 24 December 1961) is an Azerbaijani politician who is the fourth President of Azerbaijan, in office since 2003. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party and the head of the National Olympic Committee.

New Azerbaijan Party

The New Azerbaijan Party (Azerbaijani: Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP) is the ruling political party in Azerbaijan. It was formed on 18 December 1992 by the former President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, who led it until his death in 2003. It is now led by his son, Ilham Aliyev, who succeeded his father as the party leader and as President of Azerbaijan since 2003.

Politics of Azerbaijan

The Politics of Azerbaijan takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. Executive power is exercised by the president and the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is nominally independent of the executive and the legislature. The state system of Azerbaijan defines the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to the constitution, Azerbaijan is a democratic, secular, unitary republic.

Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan

The Office of the President of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin Administrasiyası) is the executive administration of President of Azerbaijan. The office is in charge of fulfilling the constitutional responsibilities of the President. The headquarters of office is located on Istiglaliyyat Street of the capital city, Baku.

Vice President of Azerbaijan

The Vice-President of Azerbaijan is the second-highest constitutional office in Azerbaijan, after the President. The first Vice-President is First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva.

Yagub Mammadov (politician)

Yaqub Javad oglu Mammadov (Azerbaijani: Yaqub Cavad oğlu Məmmədov / Jагуб Ҹавад оғлу Мәммәдов; born 3 March 1941, Əliismayıllı, Gadabay Rayon, Azerbaijan), also spelled as Yagub Mammadov (Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov / Jагуб Мәммәдов), was the Acting President of Azerbaijan from 6 March to 14 May and from 18 to 19 May 1992. Mammadov is currently an opposition politician, professor and scientist.

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