President of Armenia

The President of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Նախագահ, Hayastani Nakhagah) is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven year term by the National Assembly of Armenia.[3] Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the President is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the Parliament and Prime Minister.

President of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության նախագահ
Seal of the President of Armenia
Presidential Seal
Presidential Standard of Armenia
Presidential Standard
Sarkissian armen profile
Incumbent
Armen Sarkissian

since 9 April 2018
StyleMr. President (formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)[1]
StatusHead of state
ResidencePresidential Palace
SeatYerevan
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthOne seven-year term
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Armenia
Inaugural holderLevon Ter-Petrosyan
Formation11 November 1991
Salaryannual: AMD 15,873,600[2]
Websitewww.president.am

Background

The president of the republic strives to uphold the constitution, and to ensure the regular functioning of the executive and judicial powers. He is the guarantor of the independence, territorial integrity and security of the republic. The president of the republic is immune: he cannot be prosecuted or held liable for actions arising from his/her status during and after his/her term of office. For the actions not connected with his or her status the president of the Republic may be prosecuted when his/her term of office expires.

According to the Article 60 of the Constitution of Armenia, in case when the office of the President of the Republic is vacant and before the newly elected President assumes the office, the Chairman of the National Assembly, or, if it is impossible, Prime Minister performs the duties of the president.

Post-foundation history

The post of the President of Armenia was founded by the decision of Armenian SSR Supreme Council of May 3, 1990.[4]

On June 21, 1991, RA Supreme Council made a decision which determined that an election based on the common and equal electoral rights of the citizens of RA would take place before December 31 of 1991. On the basis of RA Supreme Council's decision of June 25, 1991, the elections of the President of the Republic of Armenia were scheduled to be held on Wednesday, October 16, 1991.

Armenia became an independent state on 21 September 1991 by the nationwide referendum. The first presidential election was held on 17 October 1991. Levon Ter-Petrosyan won the majority of the votes and became the first president of independent Armenia. He was reelected in 1996, however, he did not finish his second term as president and resigned in 1998. Robert Kocharyan followed him, resigning until 2008. President Serzh Sargsyan was elected in February 2008 and reelected in February 2013.

Election process

Election process until constitutional changes in 2015

The elections of the president are held according to the procedures defined by the Constitution and the law. The President of the Republic is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Armenia for a five-year term of office. Every person having attained the age of thirty-five, having been a citizen of the Republic of Armenia for the preceding ten years, having permanently resided in the Republic for the preceding ten years, and having the right to vote is eligible to be elected as President of the Republic. The same person cannot be elected for the post of the President of the Republic for more than two consecutive terms. The election of the President of the Republic is held fifty days prior to the expiration of his/her term of office according to the procedure defined by the Constitution and the law. The candidate who has received more than half of the votes is elected President of the Republic.

If the election involves more than two candidates and none of them receives the required number of votes, a second round of election is held on the fourteenth day following the voting. The two candidates having received the highest number of votes may participate in the second round of election of the President of the Republic. In the second round the candidate who receives the highest number of votes is elected President of the Republic. If only one candidate runs for the election, he/she can be elected if he/she receives more than half of the votes of electors participated in the polls. If the President of the Republic is not elected, a new election is appointed and the voting is held on the fortieth day following the date of appointment of the new election. The President of the Republic takes office on the day when the term of office of the previous President expires. If The President of the Republic is elected by new or extraordinary elections, he/she shall take office on the twentieth day following the elections.

In case is insuperable obstacle for one of the candidates arise, the elections of the President of the Republic should be held off for two weeks. In case if the insuperable obstacles are not removed, new elections should be held upon end of the two-week term, on the fortieth day. In case of decease of one of the candidates before the elections day, new elections are held, and the voting takes place on the fortieth day after the appointment of the new election day.

If the president of the republic resigns, passes out, is incapable to perform his/her duties or is removed from office extraordinary elections are held on the fortieth day following the vacancy of the office of the President. During martial law or state emergency election of the president should not be held and the president in this case continues his/her responsibilities. The new election of the President of Republic is held fortieth day after the expiration of the term of the martial law or state of emergency [5]

Oath

The President of the Republic assumes his duties as stated in the law. In National Assembly’s special session the President should swear the following oath to the people "Assuming the office of the President of the Republic of Armenia I swear to fulfill the requirements of the Constitution in an unreserved manner, to respect fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms, to ensure the protection, independence, territorial integrity and security of the Republic to the glory of the Republic of Armenia and to the welfare of the people of the Republic of Armenia".[6]

Constitutional powers and duties

The powers of President of Armenia are determined by the Constitution.[7] The President is the one to ensure the regular functioning of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial powers of the Republic of Armenia. He does not directly control any of those branches but has power to interfere in their actions.

Roles in the executive branch

According to the article 1 of Law[8] on the President of the Republic of Armenia adopted on August 1, 1991, the President is the head of the executive branch. However, this term ceased to exist in 2007. The President of the Republic should deliver addresses to the people and the National assembly.

Foreign relations

The president of the Republic is the one who

  • Represents the Republic of Armenia in international relations, carries out general guidance of foreign policy, concludes international agreements, forwards international agreements to the National Assembly for ratification, and signs their ratification instruments;
  • Approves, suspends or annuls the international agreements for which no ratification is required;
  • Appoints and recalls from office diplomatic representatives of the Republic of Armenia in foreign countries and international organizations.

Government formation

The president appoints as prime minister the person enjoying the confidence of the majority of the Deputies. This is done on the basis of the distribution of the seats in the National Assembly and consultations held with the parliamentary factions. If the appointment of the Prime Minister according to the above-mentioned procedures is impossible, the President of the Republic can appoint as the Prime Minister the person enjoying the confidence of the maximum number of the Deputies. The Government is formed within 20 days after the appointment of the Prime Minister. Upon the recommendation of Prime Minister The President of the Republic can appoint and dismiss from office the members of the Government. He also may appoint one of the ministers as a deputy Prime Minister, with the suggestion of Prime Minister. President appoints state office positions, forms and presides over National Security Council, and may establish other advisory bodies if necessary.

Government operations

The procedure for the organization of operations of the Government and other public administration bodies under the Government are defined by the decree of the president.[9] The president may cancel the action of governmental decision for one month and apply to Constitutional Court to deal with the problem. The president is the one who validates decisions of the government about appointing and rejecting governors. Governmental sessions on issues connected to external policy and national security are also initiated by the president. According to the article 111 of the constitution the president is the one who can call a referendum to make amendments in the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia[10]

Government resignation

The President of the Republic accepts the resignation of the Government only in one of the following days/cases:

  1. When the first sitting of the newly elected National Assembly is held
  2. When the President of the Republic assumes his/her office
  3. When the National Assembly expresses no confidence in the Government
  4. When the National Assembly does not give an approval to the Program of the Government.
  5. When the Prime Minister resigns or when the office of Prime Minister remains vacant

After the acceptance of the resignation of the Government by the President of the Republic the members of the Government continue performing their responsibilities until the new Government is formed.

Military affairs

The President of the Republic is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the republic, who coordinates the operations of the government bodies in the area of defense, appoints and dismisses from office the highest commander of the armed forces and other troops. In the event of an armed attack against the Republic, an imminent danger or declaration of war, the president may declare a martial law, may call for a general or partial mobilization and decide on the use of the armed forces. During warfare he may appoint or dismiss from the office the Commander of the Armed Forces. The president is the one who awards the orders and medals of the Republic of Armenia, promotes to highest military ranks and awards honorary titles.

Martial law and states of emergency

One of the unique powers given to the president of the republic by the Constitution is the power to declare a martial law. But in this case no new elections can be held in the republic, and so the power can be a subject of usurpation by the incumbent president, that is why the National Assembly reviews the case and decides whether the grounds presented by the president are sufficient for declaring the martial law or state of emergency. In the event of an imminent danger to the constitutional order, the president, after consulting with the Chairman of the National Assembly and the Prime Minister, declares a state of emergency and takes appropriate measures and addresses the people on the situation.

Impact on independent agencies

President of the republic plays a significant role in the formation of different independent agencies. He is the one who recommends to the National Assembly the candidacy of the Prosecutor General, the Chairman of the Central Bank and the Chairman of Control Chamber. Upon the recommendation of the Prosecutor General he appoints and/or dismisses the deputies of the Prosecutor General. He also appoints the Council of Control chamber upon the recommendation of the Chairman of Control chamber. The members of the Council of the Central Bank are also appointed by the president.

Staff formation and remuneration

The president forms his/her staff according to the procedures defined by the law. His remuneration, servicing and security are also prescribed by the law.

Other issues

The president resolves issues related to granting citizenship of the Republic of Armenia and political asylum. He also Promotes to highest diplomatic and other classification ranks.

Roles in the legislative branch

The President of the Republic signs and promulgates the laws passed by the National Assembly. Within the period of twenty-one days he may remand the law passed by the National Assembly and return it in form of a letter, where he notes his objections and recommendations and requests new deliberations on the issue. After the recommendations and objections of the president are considered, he should, within five days, sign and promulgate the law readopted by the National Assembly. The president has the power to dissolve National Assembly[11] and hold extraordinary elections if the National Assembly does not give an approval to the program of the Government two times in succession within two months. The President of Republic may also dissolve the National Assembly upon the recommendation of the Chairman of the National Assembly or the Prime Minister in the following cases:

  1. If the National Assembly fails within three months to resolve on the draft law that was considered to be urgent by the decision of the Government;
  2. If in the course of a regular session no sittings of the National Assembly are convened within three months;
  3. If in the course of a regular session the National Assembly fails, for more than three months, to adopt a resolution on issues under consideration.

President of the Republic also has the power to:

  • Put a veto on the decision of the National Assembly to adopt a law;
  • Initiate the amendment of the constitution.

Legal acts issued by the President

According to the Law on Legal acts,[12] the President of the Republic of Armenia may adopt only regulatory or individual decrees or executive orders. Decrees and orders issued by the president cannot contradict the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Armenia and are subject to implementation throughout the territory of the Republic.

Roles in the judicial branch

The president of the Republic of Armenia appoints 4 members of the Constitutional Court and, if the National Assembly fails to appoint the President of the Constitutional Court in the period prescribed in Article 83 Clause 1 of the Constitution,[13] appoints the President of the Constitutional Court from among the members of the Constitutional Court.

He may, on the basis of a conclusion of the Constitutional Court terminate the powers of any of his/her appointees in the Constitutional Court or give his consent to involve the member as an accused, detain him/her, authorize to institute a court proceeding to subject him/her to administrative liability. Upon the recommendation of the Council of Justice, the president appoints the presidents and the judges of the Court of Cassation and its chambers, the Court of Appeal, First Instance Court and specialized courts.

The president appoints two legal scholars as members of the Council of Justice. He can also grant pardon to convicted persons and suggest the National Assembly to declare an amnesty.

Military powers and duties

Powers of the President of the Republic of Armenia in the field of defense

The President of the Republic of Armenia is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. The President of the Republic of Armenia coordinates the activities of state bodies in the field of defense and states:

  • the main directions of the military policy, including national security strategy and military doctrine,
  • the structure of the Armed Forces,
  • plans for the development of the Armed Forces of the other troops, the use of the armed forces, the deployment of the Armed Forces, mobilization plans of the Armed Forces, the Republican plan for civil defense,
  • defence plan for operational equipment in the Republic of Armenia, the state program of development of the military–industrial complex, armaments and military equipment,
  • lists of posts of senior commanders, senior officers of the positions and their respective officers of higher ranks of the Armed Forces and other troops;

He also appoints and dismisses the supreme command of the Armed Forces and other troops, confer the highest military ranks.

In the case of an armed attack on the Republic of Armenia, in the presence of his immediate threat or a declaration of war declares martial law, the president decides on the use of the armed forces and can declare general or partial mobilization. Besides he can appoint and dismiss Commander of the Armed Forces during the war.

The president decides the participation of Armed Forces in peacekeeping or military operations outside the territory of the Republic of Armenia in accordance with international treaties of the Republic of Armenia.

President publishes a decree on compulsory military service and demobilization and carries out other statutory powers in the field of defense.[14]

Management and control of the armed forces

The general management of the armed forces is implemented by the President of Republic of Armenia as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. But If the president does not have a parliamentary majority or parliamentary political vector is contrary to the president, the president actually does not have rights, bring his decisions to life.

Direct management of the Armed Forces is realized by the minister of defense of the Republic of Armenia, which organizes and controls the activities of the Armed Forces and other agencies and organizations within the system of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Armenia.

The management of the Armed Forces is exercised by the Chief of the General Staff, which is the highest military officer of the Armed Forces.[14]

Martial law

Declaring martial law

The president declares martial law in a case of an armed attack, an imminent danger thereof or declaration of war by the National Assembly of the RA. After declaring martial law the National Assembly of the RA convenes a special session.

The content of the declaration of Martial Law should include the circumstances that justify the declaration, the justification for the need to declare martial law, the borders of a territory where martial law is declared, forces and means of ensuring the legal regime of martial law, the period of martial law, the date of entry into force of martial law, measures of civil protections and the list of additional commitments that should be done by the citizens of RA and foreign countries, stateless persons and organizations. Simultaneously with or after the declaration of martial law, the President can declare general or partial mobilization, as well as a decision to use the armed forces of the Republic of Armenia. Decree of the President to declare martial law is subject to immediate publication on television, radio and the press.

If the Martial Law is declared no elections are held and the National Assembly cannot be dissolved. The President of the Republic of Armenia and the National Assembly shall exercise their powers under martial law for the entire period.

Presidential powers on ensuring the legal regime of martial law

The President manages the process to ensure the legal regime of martial law. In accordance with “Legal Regime of Martial Law” law, the President establishes the legal regime of martial law, providing for temporary measures and restrictions, the legal regime of martial law ensuring bodies and powers authorities, as well as ensures the implementation of measures and temporary restrictions on control of the legal regime of martial law. He can also announce general or partial mobilization and establish procedures for military service during the validity period of martial law.

President also implements the legal regime of martial law aimed at ensuring the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, this Law and other laws of other powers.[15]

Termination of powers

The President's powers are suspended if he/she resigns, dies, is incapable to perform his/her duties or is removed from the office. The President of the Republic submits his resignation to the National Assembly.

Impeachment

The President may be impeached for treason or other grave crimes. In order to obtain a conclusion on impeaching the President of the Republic, the National Assembly appeals to the Constitutional Court by a resolution adopted by the majority of the total number of deputies. The resolution to remove the President of the Republic from office is passed by the National Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of deputies, based on the conclusion of the Constitutional Court. If the Constitutional Court concludes that there are no grounds for impeaching the President of the Republic the impeachment is removed from the agenda of the National Assembly.

Health issues

In case of serious illness of the President of the Republic or other insurmountable obstacles which make it impossible for him/her to perform his/her responsibilities, the National Assembly, upon the recommendation of the Government, the conclusion of the Constitutional Court and with a minimum of two-thirds majority vote of the total number of its members, adopts a decision that states the incapacity of the President of the Republic to discharge his/her powers. If Constitutional Court concludes that there are reasons for the incapacity of the President of the Republic to discharge his/her responsibilities, the Government cannot apply to the National Assembly with such an issue.

Official residence

The official residence of the President of Armenia is located at Mashtots Avenue 47, in central Yerevan.[16]

The History of the Residence of the President of Armenia

List of Presidents of Armenia

Name
(Birth–Death)
Picture Elected Took Office Left Office Party
1 Levon Ter-Petrosyan
(born 1945)
Levon Ter Petrossian 1991
1996
11 November 1991 3 February 1998 Pan-Armenian National Movement
2 Robert Kocharyan
(born 1954)
Robert Kocharyan's Interveiw, 2003 1998
2003
4 February 1998 9 April 2008 Independent
3 Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
Serj1 2008
2013
9 April 2008 9 April 2018 Republican Party
4 Armen Sarkissian
(born 1952)
Sarkissian armen profile 2018 9 April 2018 Incumbent Independent

Latest election

The most recent election was held on 2 March 2018.[17] This was the first time in Armenia's history when the president was elected by the National Assembly instead of popular vote.[18]

Candidate First round
Votes %
Armen Sarkissian 90 85.71
Invalid/blank votes 1 0.95
Abstentions 10 9.52
Total 101 96.19
Eligible Voters 105 100
Source: Reuters

Presidential Awards

The President of Armenia grants the following awards.[19]

  • RA Presidential Award
  • RA Presidential Youth Award in the area of Classical Music
  • RA Presidential Youth Award
  • RA Presidential Award for Considerable Contribution to the Process of Recognition of the Armenian Genocide
  • Global Award of the President of the Republic of Armenia for Outstanding Contribution to Humanity through IT (Global IT Award)
  • Educational Awards of the President of the Republic of Armenia in the Sphere of Information Technologies

References

  1. ^ "I believe the 21st century will be Armenia's age. Armen Sarkissian". Retrieved 2019-01-19., The President of the Republic of Armenia
  2. ^ "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 2018-05-09.
  3. ^ http://www.president.am/en/constitution-2015/
  4. ^ "The Decision of the Supreme Council of Armenian SSR upon the foundation of the post of the President of Armenia". www.irtek.am.
  5. ^ "Chapter 3, Article 52 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  6. ^ "Chapter 3, Article 54 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Chapter 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  8. ^ "Law of the Republic of Armenia on the President". www.arlis.am.
  9. ^ "Presidential Order No. 174 N of 2007 on the Procedures of the organization of operations of the Government and other administration bodies". www.arlis.am. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Chapter 8, Article 111". www.concourt.am. Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Chapter 4, Article 74.1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia". www.concourt.am. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Law of the Republic of Armenia on Legal Acts" (PDF). Translation Centre.
  13. ^ "Chapter 3, Article 83 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia". www.concourt.am. Constitutional Court of Armenia. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Law on Defense of the Republic of Armenia" (PDF).
  15. ^ "Legislation: National Assembly of RA".
  16. ^ "The History of the Residence of the President of Armenia". www.president.am. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  17. ^ "Armen Sarkisian (No Relation) Elected Next Armenian President". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  18. ^ "RIAC report: Armenia and Azerbaijani 2018 presidential elections to renew contradictions on Karabakh". news.am. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
  19. ^ "RA Presidential Awards". www.president.am.
Armen Sarkissian

Armen Sarkissian (Armenian: Արմեն Վարդանի Սարգսյան; born 23 June 1953) is an Armenian physicist, computer scientist and politician, who currently serves as the incumbent President of Armenia. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 to 20 March 1997 and previously was the country's (longest-serving) ambassador in London since 1998. Sarkissian assumed the presidency on 9 April 2018.He was also one of the co-creators of the Tetris-Wordtris game.

Armenia–Romania relations

Armenia–Romania relations are the international contacts between Armenia and Romania. Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 17, 1991. Armenia has an embassy in Bucharest; Romania has an embassy in Yerevan. Both countries are members of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.

There are around 3,000 people of Armenian descent living in Romania. Modern relationships between Armenia and Romania are rooted in part in the modern history of the Armenian people: after the Armenian genocide of 1915, Romania was the first state to officially provide political asylum to refugees from the area; and when in October 2007 the President of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan, received the delegation headed by the Romanian Minister of National Defense, Teodor Meleșcanu, he noted that the Armenian-Romanian friendship was deeply rooted in history and it was not by accident that Romania was the first country to formally recognize the independence of the Republic of Armenia from the USSR."

Artashes Geghamyan

Artashes Geghamyan (Armenian: Արտաշես Գեղամյան, born 2 December 1949) is an Armenian politician.

Artur Baghdasaryan

Artur Baghdasaryan (Armenian: Արթուր Վահանի Բաղդասարյան, born November 8, 1968) is a Republic of Armenia politician and former President of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia,former National Security Council Of Armenia. He is the leader of the pro-government Armenia Renaissance party.He is married and has three children.

First Lady of Armenia

The First Lady of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի առաջին տիկին) refers to the wife of the President of Armenia. The country's current First Lady is Nouneh Sarkissian, who has held the position since April 9, 2018. To date, there have been no First Gentlemen of Armenia.

Karen Demirchyan

Karen Demirchyan (Armenian: Կարեն Դեմիրճյան) (April 17, 1932 – October 27, 1999) was a Soviet and Armenian politician. He served as the First Secretary of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1974 to 1988. Soon after his reemergence into active politics in independent Armenia in the late 1990s, he became President of the National Assembly in 1999 until his assassination with other politicians in parliament in the Armenian parliament shooting.

Levon Ter-Petrosyan

Levon Hakobi Ter-Petrosyan (Armenian: Լևոն Հակոբի Տեր-Պետրոսյան; born 9 January 1945), also known by his initials LTP, is an Armenian politician. He was the first President of Armenia from 1991 to 1998. A senior researcher at the Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, he led the Karabakh movement for the unification of the Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia in 1988. After Armenia's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Ter-Petrosyan was elected president in October 1991 with overwhelming public support. He led the country through the Nagorno-Karabakh War with neighboring Azerbaijan, during which Armenia supported the Republic of Artsakh in fighting against Azerbaijan.

He has been accused of rigging the 1996 election, causing thousands to go into the streets to protest the results. The protesters were led by official runner-up Vazgen Manukyan, Ter-Petrosyan's former colleague and his first Prime Minister and later the Defence Minister. The mass rallies were suppressed by military force. Due to disagreements with the key government members, especially Defence Minister Vazgen Sargsyan and Prime Minister Robert Kocharyan, Ter-Petrosyan resigned on 3 February 1998.From his resignation up to 2007, Ter-Petrosyan was inactive in the political scene, however, he made a political comeback in September 2007 and ran for presidency in 2008. He faced one of his former government members, at the time Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan. According to official results, he earned 21.5% of the total vote. Ter-Petrosyan claimed the elections were rigged and led thousands of his supporters into mass protests against the alleged electoral fraud and called for new elections. After a week of mass protests, the government used police and apparently military force to disperse his supporters, resulting in the death of ten people on 1 March 2008.

On 1 August 2008, Ter-Petrosyan founded the Armenian National Congress (ANC) which included more than a dozen of political parties and NGOs. Being the main opposition party in Armenia, the ANC was out of the parliament and was mainly involved in street struggle against Serzh Sargsyan's government. They organized mass rallies in the wake of the Arab Spring, forcing the government to grant several political concessions. In the 2012 National Assembly election, the ANC received 7.1% of the popular vote.

List of honorary citizens of Gyumri

The honorary citizen award is the highest decoration of Gyumri (former Leninakan) town, Armenia. Among the recipients are:

Charles Aznavour, famous singer, songwriter and actor

Robert Kocharian, President of Armenia

Nikolai Ryzhkov, politician

Mstislav Rostropovich, musician

Valentina Tereshkova (1965)

Martiros Sarian, painter (1964)

Victor Ambartsumian, (1964)

Hovhannes Bagramian, Marshal of the Soviet Union

Aram Khachaturian, composer

Tigran Petrosian, World Chess Champion (1966)

Loris Tjeknavorian, Maestro

Aghasi Shaboyan, dancer

Mariam Aslamazian, painter

Gevorg Gharibjanian, historian

Alexander Arutiunian, composer (2005)

Edvard Mirzoian, composer (2005)

Movses Khorenatsi medal

The Movses Khorenatsi medal (Armenian: Մովսես Խորենացու մեդալ) is Armenia's highest cultural award. It is presented by the president of Armenia to people who have significantly contributed to the advancement of Armenian culture. Artist Richard Jeranian received the medal in 2011 and pianist Şahan Arzruni in 2015.

Myasnikyan

Myasnikyan (Armenian: Մյասնիկյան) is a town in the Armavir Province of Armenia. The town is named for Aleksandr Myasnikyan, first Communist president of Armenia. It is the location of Araks railway station. Population is 4507 people.

Politics of Armenia

The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia, whereby the President of Armenia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Armenia the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and Parliament.

President's Residence, Yerevan

The Residence of the President of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության նախագահի նստավայր; Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun Nakhagahi Nstavayr) is located at 26 Baghramyan Avenue in Yerevan.

Some documents cite the building address as 26/1 Baghramyan Ave.

Prime Minister of Armenia

The Prime Minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the Prime Minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the Prime Minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia. Under the new 2015 constitution, the Prime Minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

The office of Prime Minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of Prime Minister was reintroduced.

Robert Kocharyan

Robert Kocharyan (Armenian: Ռոբերտ Սեդրակի Քոչարյան pronounced [ɾɔbɛɾt kʰɔtʃʰɑɾjɑn]; born 31 August 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008. He was previously President of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998. He was arrested on December 7, 2018.

During most of his presidency, between 2001 and 2007, Armenia's economy grew on average by 12% annually, largely due to the construction boom. His presidency witnessed two of the bloodiest events in post-independence Armenian history: the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting and the killing of ten people during the 2008 presidential election protests. He has been held responsible for both events by the opposition, especially by Armenia's first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan and his party.Both the 1998 and 2003 presidential elections were held in two rounds. They were disputed by the opposition candidates and criticized by international observers. Kocharyan and his family amassed a fortune and extensive business interests worth hundreds of millions of dollars if not billions during his time in office.

On July 26, 2018 the Special Investigative Service (SIS) of Armenia charged Kocharian with “overthrowing constitutional order of Armenia” during the final weeks of his rule. The SIS asked a Yerevan court to remand him in pre-trial custody. On July 27, 2018 he was arrested. On August 13, 2018 Kocharyan was freed from custody following a court ruling, but remained accused of the charges he was arrested for. On December 7, 2018 Kocharyan was arrested again following another ruling by the Court of Appeals. Armenia's Criminal Court of Appeal refused to release him from custody on February 7, 2019. Kocharyan‘s trial began on May 13, 2019. On May 18, 2019 Kocharyan was freed on bail from pre-trial detention.

Serzh Sargsyan

Serzh Sargsyan (Armenian: Սերժ Սարգսյան, pronounced [sɛɾʒ sɑɾkʰəsˈjɑn]; born 30 June 1954) is an Armenian politician who served twice as the Prime Minister of Armenia and was the third President of Armenia, from 2008 to 2018. He won the February 2008 presidential election with the backing of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia, a party in which he serves as chairman, and took office in April 2008. On 18 February 2013, he was re-elected as president and served the entire term.

Despite pledging in 2014 not to become Prime Minister again while supporting an amendment of the constitution in 2015 that would allow it, Sargsyan was again elected Prime Minister of Armenia in April 2018, in what opposition figures described as a "power grab". Six days after taking office, Sargsyan resigned after large-scale protests. Sargsyan is currently the leader of the Republican Party, which from 1995 to 2018 held a majority in Armenia's National Assembly.

Stepan Demirchyan

Stepan Demirchyan (Armenian: Ստեփան Դեմիրճյան) (born June 7, 1959) is an Armenian politician and son of the Communist-era Armenian leader Karen Demirchyan.

Tehran Communiqué

The Tehran Communiqué, also known as the Joint statement of the heads of state in Tehran is the joint communiqué mediated by Iranian President, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and signed by the acting President of Azerbaijan, Yagub Mammadov and President of Armenia, Levon Ter-Petrossian on May 7, 1992 with an intention to end the four-year-long hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, a former autonomous oblast of the Azerbaijan SSR.

Tigran Petrosian Chess House

Tigran Petrosian Chess House (Armenian: Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատի Տուն), officially the Central House of Chess-player named after Tigran Petrosian (Armenian: Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատիստի Կենտրոնական Տուն), is the centre of the sport of chess in Yerevan, Armenia. It was opened in 1970. In 1984, it was renamed after the former world chess champion Tigran Petrosian. The architect of the triangular-shaped building was Zhanna Meshcheryakova. Tigran Petrosian laid the first stone in the foundation of the building. Currently, the director of the centre is Hrachik Tavadyan.

The chess house is located on Khanjyan street, within the Circular Park of the Kentron district. It is home to the Yerevan chess school operating since 1971.

According to many visitors, the chess house is one of the best chess centers in the world. Many great international events have been regularly held in the building, including the Tigran Petrosian Memorial. It is also the venue of the yearly domestic championship.The Tigran Petrosian Chess House publishes the "Shakhmatayin Hayastan" weekly (Armenian: Շախմատային Հայաստան, meaning Chess in Armenia) since 1972.

In 1989, the statue of the champion Tigran Petrosian, created by the Armenian sculptor Ara Shiraz, was erected in front of the chess house.In 2002, the Chess Academy of Armenia was opened.

The chess house is also serving as the home of the Chess Federation of Armenia. The president of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, is the current head of the Chess Federation of Armenia.

The building of the chess house is listed among the historic and cultural monuments of the city of Yerevan.

Vazgen Manukyan

Vazgen Mikaeli Manukyan (Armenian: Վազգեն Միքայելի Մանուկյան, born 13 February 1946) was the first Prime Minister of Armenia, from 1990 to 1991. From 1992 to 1993 Manukyan was acting Minister of Defense. He is currently heading the Public Council of the Republic of Armenia; a state body with a consulting role formed in 2008.Manukyan was born in Leninakan (present-day Gyumri) in the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, and holds a PhD in mathematics and physical science. He is married and has three children.

He was arrested in December 1988 in Moscow because he was a member of the Karabakh committee and spent six months in prison. He became Prime Minister on 13 August 1990 but resigned on 22 November 1991. After Armenia gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, he was elected in parliament three times and ran unsuccessfully for President of Armenia in 1996, 1998 and 2003. Vazgen Manukyan is the Chairman of National Democratic Union party.

It has been alleged that the September 1996 presidential election was rigged to ensure a first round victory for President Levon Ter-Petrossian so that he would not have to face Manukyan in a second round.In the February 2008 presidential election, Manukyan, running again as the National Democratic Union's candidate, placed fifth with 1.3% of the vote according to final official results.

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