Prepa was an inland town of ancient Bithynia inhabited during Roman times. Its name does not occur in ancient authors, but is inferred from epigraphic and other evidence.[1]

Its site is located near Ekşioğlu in Asiatic Turkey.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 52, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

Coordinates: 40°51′23″N 29°45′02″E / 40.856523°N 29.750652°E

2016–17 Liga de Nuevos Talentos season

The 2016–17 Liga de Nuevos Talentos season was split in two tournaments Apertura and Clausura. Liga de Nuevos Talentos was the fourth–tier football league of Mexico. The season was played between 12 August 2016 and 14 May 2017.

Classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles

The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system. They consist of two years of study (extendable to three or exceptionally four years) which act as a preparatory course (or cram school) with the main goal of training students for enrolment in one of the grandes écoles. The workload is one of the highest in Europe (29 to 45 contact hours a week, with up to 10 hours of guided tutorials and oral exam sessions).

Unlike most students in France who enroll in public universities directly after receiving a high school diploma, students from CPGE have to take national competitive exams to be allowed to enrol in one of the Grandes Écoles. These Grandes Écoles are higher education establishments (graduate schools) delivering master's degrees and/or doctorates. They include science and engineering schools, business schools, the four veterinary colleges and the four écoles normales supérieures but do not include medical or law schools, nor architecture schools. Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris...).

Hence, there are three kinds of different prépas: scientific, economic and literary CPGE. Each of them prepare to pass the competitive exams of those grandes écoles.

Colegio Williams

Colegio Williams ("Williams College") is a private school system in Mexico City, serving preschool through high school (senior high school). It has three campuses: Campus Mixcoac in Mixcoac, Benito Juárez; Campus San Jerónimo in San Jerónimo Lídice, Magdalena Contreras, and Campus Ajusco in San Miguel Ajusco, Tlalpan. Its head office is in the Mixcoac campus.It was founded in 1899 by British educator Camilo John Williams. Originally based in the area of Tacubaya (very close to its current location). It was at first an all-day school, including a boarding house. The school's curriculum was entirely in English; even Roman Catholic events were held in English. It was considered the best school in Mexico for several years mainly due to its high level of English. Recognised as the first school in Mexico and Latin America having English as an actual subject.

Around 1904-1905, the school moved to its current location, to what used to be the summer house of José Yves Limantour the Finance Minister of President Porfirio Díaz. This summer house is built in Victorian British style, emulating a small castle in the Scottish Highlands. Mr. Williams was by that time an influential person in the educational board, established by Justo Sierra.

When Camilo died, the school was taken over by his eldest son John A. Williams (Mr. Johnny). During this phase, the school lived through its "Golden Years", obtaining prestigious awards in matters of education, and even being recognized outside Mexico by the Philadelphia City Council board of schools.

After Mr. Johnny's death his son Carlos J. Williams became Principal followed by Mr. Johnny's brother Charles. Though this period didn't last long, the importance of their work was the school's transformation process from being all-boys to becoming co-educational, the elimination of the boarding house and school and extending the curriculum to the preparatory school levels.

After Charles' death, his son Arturo C. Williams became the new Principal. He remains the Principal until today. He has faced tough times at the school: the reduction of the school grounds (it at first occupied a whole block of the area, right now is just a third part of what it was in that time; ancient parts of the school are now being used by Telmex and a Comercial Mexicana supermarket), the construction of the Mixcoac Mexico City metro station in front of the school, the increase of the delinquency around the Mixcoac area, and the struggling with other Anglo schools.

As a solution of the reduction of the original school area, he established 2 more campuses: one with a new elementary school and the kindergarten in the southern part of the city in San Jeronimo in the Magdalena Contreras borough, and a didactic farm and sporting grounds in the Tlalpan borough, near Mount Ajusco.

As part of its modernization process, the school has just entered the IBO international education programme.

Education in France

The French educational system is highly centralized and organized, with many subdivisions. It is divided into the three stages of enseignement primaire (primary education), enseignement secondaire (secondary education), and enseignement supérieur (higher education). In French higher education, the following degrees are recognized by the Bologna Process (EU recognition): Licence and Licence Professionnelle (bachelor's degrees), and the comparably named Master and Doctorat degrees. In the program of education of France it doesn't include online school.

Escuela Preparatoria Tlalpan II "Otilio Montaño"

The Escuela Preparatoria Tlalpan II "Otilio Montaño" is a senior high school in San Miguel Topilejo, Tlalpan, Mexico City. It is within the Instituto de Educación Media Superior del Distrito Federal (IEMS).


Khâgne (French pronunciation: ​[kaɲ]) is an informal French term for what are officially known as classes préparatoires littéraires, i.e. the classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles (CPGE), or classe prépa, dedicated to literature and the humanities. It contrasts with other CPGE majors such as Maths Sup in mathematics and engineering, or Prépa HEC in the business domain.

Khâgne is a two-year program after secondary school graduation (baccalauréat) to prepare undergraduate students for the competitive entrance examination to the three Écoles normales supérieures (ENS) — more specifically to their Humanities and Social science departments (Section Lettres, Section Lettres et sciences humaines).

More precisely, khâgne refers to the second year of the program, also known as the Première Supérieure, while the first year is known as the Lettres Supérieures or hypokhâgne (from Ancient Greek ὑπο- (hypo), "under").

In case of unsuccessful attempts at Concours at the end of their Khâgne, students are allowed to repeat that second year once or even twice. This means that students can remain in the whole programme from two up to four years in total (see also the section on slang terms).

List of dams and reservoirs in Puerto Rico

Following is a list of dams and reservoirs in Puerto Rico.

The below list is incomplete. The National Inventory of Dams, maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, defines any "major dam" as being 50 feet (15 m) tall with a storage capacity of at least 5,000 acre feet (6,200,000 m3), or of any height with a storage capacity of 25,000 acre feet (31,000,000 m3).

List of government-owned corporations of Puerto Rico

The government-owned corporations of Puerto Rico —or public corporations (Spanish: corporaciones públicas)— are a set of corporate entities owned entirely or in large part by the executive branch of the government of Puerto Rico or by its municipalities. The corporations engage in commercial activities with their revenues ultimately being allocated towards the government's treasury —the Puerto Rico Consolidated Fund— or towards the corresponding municipal treasury. Some of them have been criticized since their creation since they are not profitable and depend on the issue of bonds or large indebtedness to operate, or because they constitute a government monopoly or control a unique asset (such as a port, toll, or land).

As of 2015, the public corporations contributed to more than half of the public debt of Puerto Rico —a factor that contributed significantly to the Puerto Rican government-debt crisis— with COFINA, PRASA, PRHTA, and PREPA being the largest holders.

Lobos BUAP Premier

Club de Fútbol Lobos de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla Premier were a Mexican football club based in Puebla, Mexico. The club represented the Autonomous University of Puebla. The clubs was affiliated with Lobos BUAP and plays in the Liga Premier.


Neuilly-Auteuil-Passy refers to an area covering the westernmost part of the city of Paris and a neighbouring suburban community. This area is commonly known as one of the richest in Paris, with calm, select and very expensive neighbourhoods. Neuilly-Auteuil-Passy is sometimes abbreviated as NAP. Auteuil (pronounced [o.tœj]) and Passy are part of the 16th arrondissement of Paris, while Neuilly-sur-Seine is a suburb located immediately to their west. The three communities border the vast Bois de Boulogne park.

The borough of Auteuil, once home to Victor Hugo and Molière and the birthplace of Marcel Proust, was incorporated into the city of Paris in 1859–60 by the Law of 16 June 1859. A hamlet built between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries, it became a fashionable country retreat for French elites during the reign of Louis XV. Auteuil is home to the well known prépa PTSI-PT* Jean-Baptiste-Say which prepares many pupils for the École Polytechnique.

In 1991, the satiric group Les Inconnus made a song called "Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)".

It was here that the fictional character the Count of Monte Cristo from the book of the same name by Alexandre Dumas bought his country residence.

Prepa Tec

PrepaTec is a group of high schools located through Mexico, which branch off from the Tec de Monterrey system. The first high school, Campus Eugenio Garza Sada, was launched in 1975 as a preparation for the university program. Eugenio Garza Sada died shortly before the first school began operations and the campus was named after him. Students are offered between three study plans: Bilingual, which is directed towards students that still need to improve their English skills, and take that subject as an intensive course, with the remaining subjects in Spanish, Multicultural, in which classes are offered in English and students can take up a third language if they prove their English skills are sufficient through a TOEFL test, or the IB Diploma, which is an educational program developed by the International Baccalaureate Organization recognized around the globe.

Prepa Tec Valle Alto

Prepa Tec Valle Alto is the newest and smallest of the five Prepa Tec high schools. It was inaugurated in August 2005 with a class of less than 100 students. The school is located in the southern part of Monterrey, in the fast developing Valle Alto region of Mexico. It is situated next to the National Highway on top of a hill.

Prepa Tec Valle Alto is the smallest school by size and by student count in the Prepa Tec High School system; it has fewer than 350 students and 13 classrooms. The school offers the standard Bilingual, Bicultural or International Baccalaureates.

With Prepa Tec getting ready for the fifth generation of students, an expansion is under way; it is next to Aulas II, in which they will expand the gymnasium and make at least eight more classrooms. Work on the expansion started in mid-January 2009.

Prepa Tec Valle Alto is noted for its calm environment, for its cooler weather (due to it being situated on a hill) and for its small class sizes.

Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act

The Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREPA), passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by President of the United States George W. Bush in December, 2005, is a controversial tort liability shield intended to protect vaccine manufacturers from financial risk in the event of a declared public health emergency. The act specifically affords to drug makers immunity from potential financial liability for clinical trials of avian influenza vaccine at the discretion of the Executive branch of government. PREPA strengthens and consolidates the oversight of litigation against pharmaceutical companies under the purview of the secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS). PREPA provides $3.8 billion for pandemic influenza preparedness to protect public health in the case of a pandemic disease outbreak.

Vaccine manufacturers lobbied for the legislation, which would effectively preempt state vaccine safety laws in the case of an emergency declaration by HHS, by making clear they would not produce new vaccines unless the legislation was enacted.

Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority

The Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) —Spanish: Autoridad de Energía Eléctrica (AEE)— is an electric power company and the government-owned corporation of Puerto Rico responsible for electricity generation, power distribution, and power transmission on the island. PREPA is the only entity authorized to conduct such business in Puerto Rico, making it a government monopoly. The authority is ruled by a board of directors appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. Since 2014, PREPA is subject to the Puerto Rico Energy Commission, another government agency whose board of directors is also appointed by the governor.

Hurricane Maria in September 2017 destroyed PREPA's distribution network, creating a blackout in all parts of the island. On January 22, 2018 the governor of Puerto Rico, Ricardo Rossello, announced that all assets of the Authority will be sold in a general privatization of PREPA.


ULTRACOM — or Telecomunicaciones Ultramarinas de Puerto Rico (TUPR) in Spanish— is a telecommunications corporation that manages satellite and submarine communications cable systems connected to Puerto Rico. It is jointly owned by PREPA.Net and Telefónica S.A. The corporation was formed in 1992 after the government of Puerto Rico privatized the Puerto Rico Telephone Company and needed to split its assets in order to comply with anti-monopolistic laws.

In February 2008, PREPA.Net acquired Puerto Rico Telephone's share in ULTRACOM for an undisclosed amount.[1]

ULTRACOM manages earth stations, a fiber optic cable station, and a digital microwave station from which it provides domestic and international services to long distance carriers and foreign administrations. The corporation currently manages the landing points in Puerto Rico of the undersea cable systems of AMERICAS-I, AMERICAS-II, ANTILLAS I, and ARCOS-1.

Whitefish Energy

Whitefish Energy Holdings, LLC (d/b/a Whitefish Energy) is a small holding company based in Whitefish, Montana whose portfolio of companies installs, maintains, and repairs electrical grids. The holding company was founded in 2015 by Andy Techmanski, a former lineman. In October 2017, Whitefish was awarded a contract to repair part of the energy infrastructure in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria. This contract involved PREPA (Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority).

École nationale de chimie physique et biologie de Paris

The École nationale de chimie physique et biologie de Paris (ENCPB), renamed in 2009 "lycée Pierre-Gilles-de-Gennes - ENCPB" after physician Pierre-Gilles de Gennes died in 2007, is a public secondary and higher school specialising in technical and scientific subjects and preparatory classes to the grandes écoles (CPGE). It is located at 11 rue Pirandello in the 13th arrondissement of Paris.

Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.