Premier of Victoria

The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.[1]

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the Premier or the Prime Minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of Premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.

The incumbent Premier of Victoria since the 2014 election is Daniel Andrews of the Australian Labor Party.

Premier of Victoria
Coat of Arms of Victoria
Daniel Andrews, Melbourne International Games Week 2015 Launch (cropped 2)
Incumbent
Daniel Andrews

since 4 December 2014
StyleThe Honourable
(Formal)
Premier
(Spoken)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toParliament
SeatParliament House, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
AppointerGovernor of Victoria
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the Premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
Inaugural holderDr William Clark Haines
Formation30 November 1855
Websitehttps://www.premier.vic.gov.au

List of Premiers of Victoria

No. Premier Portrait Party Term of office
1 William Haines Williamhaines 30 November 1855 11 March 1857
2 John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 11 March 1857 29 April 1857
(1) William Haines Williamhaines 29 April 1857 10 March 1858
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 10 March 1858 27 October 1859
3 William Nicholson Williamnicholson 27 October 1859 26 November 1860
4 Richard Heales Richardheales 26 November 1860 14 November 1861
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 14 November 1861 27 June 1863
5 James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 27 June 1863 6 May 1868
6 Charles Sladen Charlessladen 6 May 1868 11 July 1868
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 11 July 1868 20 September 1869
7 John Alexander MacPherson Johnmacpherson 20 September 1869 9 April 1870
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 9 April 1870 19 June 1871
8 Charles Gavan Duffy Charles Gavan Duffy 1846 19 June 1871 10 June 1872
9 James Francis Jamesfrancis 10 June 1872 31 July 1874
10 George Kerferd Georgekerferd 31 July 1874 7 August 1875
11 Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 7 August 1875 20 October 1875
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 20 October 1875 21 May 1877
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 21 May 1877 5 March 1880
12 James Service Jamesservice 5 March 1880 3 August 1880
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 3 August 1880 9 July 1881
13 Bryan O'Loghlen Bryanologhlen 9 July 1881 8 March 1883
(12) James Service Jamesservice 8 March 1883 18 February 1886
14 Duncan Gillies Duncangillies 18 February 1886 5 November 1890
15 James Munro Jamesmunro 5 November 1890 16 February 1892
16 William Shiels 16Williamshiels 16 February 1892 23 January 1893
17 James Patterson 17Jamespatterson 23 January 1893 27 September 1894
18 George Turner Georgeturner 27 September 1894 5 December 1899
19 Allan McLean 19Allanmclean 5 December 1899 19 November 1900
(18) George Turner Georgeturner 19 November 1900 12 February 1901
20 Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock 12 February 1901 10 June 1902
21 William Irvine 21Williamirvine Reform 10 June 1902 16 February 1904
22 Thomas Bent 22Thomasbent Reform 16 February 1904 8 January 1909
23 John Murray John Murray Premier Commonwealth Liberal 8 January 1909 18 May 1912
24 William Watt 24Williamwatt Commonwealth Liberal 18 May 1912 9 December 1913
25 George Elmslie 25Georgeelmslie Labor 9 December 1913 22 December 1913
(24) William Watt 24Williamwatt Commonwealth Liberal 22 December 1913 18 June 1914
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock Commonwealth Liberal 18 June 1914 29 November 1917
26 John Bowser 26Johnbowser Nationalist 29 November 1917 21 March 1918
27 Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson Nationalist 21 March 1918 28 April 1924
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock Nationalist 28 April 1924 18 July 1924
28 George Prendergast 28Georgeprendergast Labor 18 July 1924 18 November 1924
29 John Allan 29Johnallan Country 18 November 1924 20 May 1927
30 Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan Labor 20 May 1927 22 November 1928
31 William McPherson Will McPherson Nationalist 22 November 1928 12 December 1929
(30) Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan Labor 12 December 1929 19 May 1932
32 Stanley Argyle Sir Stanley Argyle United Australia 19 May 1932 2 April 1935
33 Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan Country 2 April 1935 14 September 1943
34 John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 14 September 1943 18 September 1943
(33) Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan Country 18 September 1943 2 October 1945
35 Ian Macfarlan Imcfarlanemp Liberal 2 October 1945 21 November 1945
(34) John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 21 November 1945 20 November 1947
36 Thomas Hollway TomHollway Liberal 20 November 1947 27 June 1950
37 John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp Country 27 June 1950 28 October 1952
(36) Thomas Hollway TomHollway Independent 28 October 1952 31 October 1952
(37) John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp Country 31 October 1952 17 December 1952
(34) John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 17 December 1952 7 June 1955
38 Henry Bolte Henry Bolte Liberal 7 June 1955 23 August 1972
39 Rupert Hamer Dick Hamer Liberal 23 August 1972 5 June 1981
40 Lindsay Thompson No image Liberal 5 June 1981 8 April 1982
41 John Cain jr John Cain Junior June 2016 Labor 8 April 1982 10 August 1990
42 Joan Kirner Joan Kirner, 1992 Swinburne Labor 10 August 1990 6 October 1992
43 Jeff Kennett J.kennett Liberal 6 October 1992 20 October 1999
44 Steve Bracks Steve Bracks at a Vietnam Veterans Day ceremony, August 2006 Labor 20 October 1999 30 July 2007
45 John Brumby JohnBrumby2007crop Labor 30 July 2007 2 December 2010
46 Ted Baillieu Chinese New Year 2013 85 - Ted Baillieu (8459813505) Liberal 2 December 2010 6 March 2013
47 Denis Napthine Premier Denis Napthine Liberal 6 March 2013 4 December 2014
48 Daniel Andrews Daniel Andrews, Melbourne International Games Week 2015 Launch (cropped 2) Labor 4 December 2014 Incumbent

Living former premiers

As of 5 November 2018, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being John Cain Jr. (1982–1990, born 1931). The most recent (and also most-recently serving) Premier to die was Joan Kirner (1990–92), on 1 June 2015.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
John Cain Jr. 1982–1990 26 April 1931 (age 87)
Jeff Kennett 1992–1999 2 March 1948 (age 70)
Steve Bracks 1999–2007 15 October 1954 (age 64)
John Brumby 2007–2010 21 April 1953 (age 65)
Ted Baillieu 2010–2013 31 July 1953 (age 65)
Denis Napthine 2013–2014 6 March 1952 (age 66)

See also

References

  1. ^ Fact Sheet H1: Roles in the Assembly, Parliament of Victoria.

External links

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