Premier of Victoria

The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.[1]

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the Premier or the Prime Minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of Premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.

The incumbent Premier of Victoria since the 2014 election is Daniel Andrews of the Australian Labor Party.

Premier of Victoria
Coat of Arms of Victoria
Daniel Andrews, Melbourne International Games Week 2015 Launch (cropped 2)
Daniel Andrews

since 4 December 2014
StyleThe Honourable
Member ofCabinet
Reports toParliament
SeatParliament House, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
AppointerGovernor of Victoria
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the Premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
Inaugural holderDr William Clark Haines
Formation30 November 1855

List of Premiers of Victoria

No. Premier Portrait Party Term of office Days in office[2]
1 William Haines Williamhaines 30 November 1855 11 March 1857 468
2 John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 11 March 1857 29 April 1857 50
(1) William Haines Williamhaines 29 April 1857 10 March 1858 316 (Total 784 for 2 terms)
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 10 March 1858 27 October 1859 597 (Total 647 for 2 terms)
3 William Nicholson Williamnicholson 27 October 1859 26 November 1860 397
4 Richard Heales Richardheales 26 November 1860 14 November 1861 354
(2) John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy 14 November 1861 27 June 1863 591 (Total 1238 for 3 terms)
5 James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 27 June 1863 6 May 1868 1776
6 Charles Sladen Charlessladen 6 May 1868 11 July 1868 67
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 11 July 1868 20 September 1869 437 (Total 2213 for 2 terms)
7 John Alexander MacPherson Johnmacpherson 20 September 1869 9 April 1870 202
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 9 April 1870 19 June 1871 437
8 Charles Gavan Duffy Charles Gavan Duffy 1846 19 June 1871 10 June 1872 358
9 James Francis Jamesfrancis 10 June 1872 31 July 1874 782
10 George Kerferd Georgekerferd 31 July 1874 7 August 1875 373
11 Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 7 August 1875 20 October 1875 75
(5) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch 20 October 1875 21 May 1877 580
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 21 May 1877 5 March 1880 1020 (Total 1095 for 2 terms)
12 James Service Jamesservice 5 March 1880 3 August 1880 152
(11) Graham Berry 12Grahamberry 3 August 1880 9 July 1881 341 (Total 1436 for 3 terms)
13 Bryan O'Loghlen Bryanologhlen 9 July 1881 8 March 1883 608
(12) James Service Jamesservice 8 March 1883 18 February 1886 1079 (Total 1231 for 2 terms)
14 Duncan Gillies Duncangillies 18 February 1886 5 November 1890 1722
15 James Munro Jamesmunro 5 November 1890 16 February 1892 469
16 William Shiels 16Williamshiels 16 February 1892 23 January 1893 343
17 James Patterson 17Jamespatterson 23 January 1893 27 September 1894 613
18 George Turner Georgeturner 27 September 1894 5 December 1899 1896
19 Allan McLean 19Allanmclean 5 December 1899 19 November 1900 350
(18) George Turner Georgeturner 19 November 1900 12 February 1901 86 (Total 1982 for 2 terms)
20 Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock 12 February 1901 10 June 1902 484
21 William Irvine 21Williamirvine Reform 10 June 1902 16 February 1904 617
22 Thomas Bent 22Thomasbent Reform 16 February 1904 8 January 1909 1789
23 John Murray John Murray Premier Commonwealth Liberal 8 January 1909 18 May 1912 1227
24 William Watt 24Williamwatt Commonwealth Liberal 18 May 1912 9 December 1913 571
25 George Elmslie 25Georgeelmslie Labor 9 December 1913 22 December 1913 14
(24) William Watt 24Williamwatt Commonwealth Liberal 22 December 1913 18 June 1914 179 (Total 750 for 2 terms)
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock Commonwealth Liberal 18 June 1914 29 November 1917 1261
26 John Bowser 26Johnbowser Nationalist 29 November 1917 21 March 1918 113
27 Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson Nationalist 21 March 1918 28 April 1924 2233
(20) Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock Nationalist 28 April 1924 18 July 1924 82
28 George Prendergast 28Georgeprendergast Labor 18 July 1924 18 November 1924 124
29 John Allan 29Johnallan Country 18 November 1924 20 May 1927 914
30 Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan Labor 20 May 1927 22 November 1928 553
31 William McPherson Will McPherson Nationalist 22 November 1928 12 December 1929 386
(30) Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan Labor 12 December 1929 19 May 1932 890 (Total 1443 for 2 terms)
32 Stanley Argyle Sir Stanley Argyle United Australia 19 May 1932 2 April 1935 1049
33 Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan Country 2 April 1935 14 September 1943 3088
34 John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 14 September 1943 18 September 1943 5
(33) Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan Country 18 September 1943 2 October 1945 746 (Total 3834 for 2 terms)
35 Ian Macfarlan Imcfarlanemp Liberal 2 October 1945 21 November 1945 51
(34) John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 21 November 1945 20 November 1947 730 (Total 735 for 2 terms)
36 Thomas Hollway TomHollway Liberal 20 November 1947 27 June 1950 951
37 John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp Country 27 June 1950 28 October 1952 855
(36) Thomas Hollway TomHollway Independent 28 October 1952 31 October 1952 4 (Total 955 for 2 terms)
(37) John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp Country 31 October 1952 17 December 1952 48 (Total 903 for 2 terms)
(34) John Cain sr John Cain 1954 Labor 17 December 1952 7 June 1955 903 (Total 1638 for 3 terms)
38 Henry Bolte Henry Bolte Liberal 7 June 1955 23 August 1972 6288
39 Rupert Hamer Dick Hamer Liberal 23 August 1972 5 June 1981 3209
40 Lindsay Thompson No image Liberal 5 June 1981 8 April 1982 308
41 John Cain jr John Cain Junior June 2016 Labor 8 April 1982 10 August 1990 3047
42 Joan Kirner Joan Kirner, 1992 Swinburne Labor 10 August 1990 6 October 1992 789
43 Jeff Kennett J.kennett Liberal 6 October 1992 20 October 1999 2571
44 Steve Bracks Steve Bracks at a Vietnam Veterans Day ceremony, August 2006 Labor 20 October 1999 30 July 2007 2841
45 John Brumby JohnBrumby2007crop Labor 30 July 2007 2 December 2010 1222
46 Ted Baillieu Chinese New Year 2013 85 - Ted Baillieu (8459813505) Liberal 2 December 2010 6 March 2013 826
47 Denis Napthine Premier Denis Napthine Liberal 6 March 2013 4 December 2014 639
48 Daniel Andrews Daniel Andrews, Melbourne International Games Week 2015 Launch (cropped 2) Labor 4 December 2014 Incumbent Incumbent

Living former premiers

As of 7 January 2019, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being John Cain Jr. (1982–1990, born 1931). The most recent (and also most-recently serving) Premier to die was Joan Kirner (1990–92), on 1 June 2015.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
John Cain Jr. 1982–1990 26 April 1931 (age 87)
Jeff Kennett 1992–1999 2 March 1948 (age 70)
Steve Bracks 1999–2007 15 October 1954 (age 64)
John Brumby 2007–2010 21 April 1953 (age 65)
Ted Baillieu 2010–2013 31 July 1953 (age 65)
Denis Napthine 2013–2014 6 March 1952 (age 66)

See also


  1. ^ Fact Sheet H1: Roles in the Assembly, Parliament of Victoria.
  2. ^

External links

Albert Dunstan

Sir Albert Arthur Dunstan, KCMG (26 July 1882 – 14 April 1950) was an Australian politician. A member of the Country Party (now National Party), Dunstan was the 33rd premier of Victoria. His term as premier was the second-longest in the state's history, behind Sir Henry Bolte. Dunstan, who was premier from 2 April 1935 to 14 September 1943, and again from 18 September 1943 to 2 October 1945, was the first premier of Victoria to hold that office as a position in its own right, and not just an additional duty taken up by the treasurer, attorney-general or Chief Secretary.

Dunstan was born on 26 July 1882 at Donald East, Victoria, the son of a Cornish gold rush immigrant.Dunstan was the first Deputy Premier of Victoria, serving from March 1932 until May 1932 under premier Edmond Hogan. Dunstan became premier when he unexpectedly withdrew his party's support for the government of Stanley Argyle.

Argyle had fought the March 1935 election with an improving economy, a record of sound, if unimaginative, management. With the Labor Party opposition still divided and demoralised, he was rewarded with a second comfortable majority, his United Australia Party winning 25 seats and the Country Party 20, while Labor won only 17. But at this point he was unexpectedly betrayed by his erstwhile Country Party allies. Dunstan was a close friend of the gambling boss John Wren, who was also very close to the Labor leader Tom Tunnecliffe (in the view of most historians, Tunnecliffe was, in fact, under Wren's control). Wren, aided by the Victorian Labor Party president, Arthur Calwell, persuaded Dunstan to break off the coalition with Argyle and form a minority Country Party government, which Labor would support in return for some policy concessions. Dunstan agreed to this deal, and on 28 March 1935 he moved a successful no-confidence vote in the government from which he had just resigned.

The UAP (and later its successor the Liberal Party) never forgave the Country Party for this treachery. Henry Bolte, later Victoria's longest-serving premier, was 27 in 1935, and Dunstan's betrayal of Argyle lay behind his lifelong and intense dislike of the Country Party, whom he called "political prostitutes".

Charles Gavan Duffy

Sir Charles Gavan Duffy KCMG (12 April 1816 – 9 February 1903), Irish-Australian nationalist, journalist, poet and politician, was the 8th Premier of Victoria and one of the most colourful figures in Victorian political history.

The suburb of Duffy in the Australian Capital Territory is named after him.

Duffy was born in Dublin Street, Monaghan Town, County Monaghan, Ireland, the son of a Catholic shopkeeper. Both his parents died while he was still a child and his uncle, Fr James Duffy, who was the Catholic parish priest of Castleblayney, became his guardian for a number of years.

Daniel Andrews

Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australian politician who is the 48th Premier of Victoria, a post he has held since 2014. He has been the leader of the Victorian branch of the Labor Party since 2010, and from 2010 to 2014 was Leader of the Opposition in that state. Andrews was elected member for the Legislative Assembly seat of Mulgrave at the 2002 election, and served as a parliamentary secretary and minister in the Bracks and Brumby Labor governments.

On 29 November 2014, he was elected Premier of Victoria after the ALP won the state election, defeating the incumbent Liberal government. On 24 November 2018, he was re-elected as Premier of Victoria when Victorian Labor won the 2018 election in a landslide.

Denis Napthine

Denis Vincent Napthine (born 6 March 1952) is a former Australian politician who was the 47th Premier of Victoria. Napthine was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, representing the electoral district of Portland from 1988 to 2002 and South-West Coast from 2002 to 2015. He was elected leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party on 6 March 2013 following the resignation of Ted Baillieu and was sworn in as premier on the same day. His party lost the Victorian state election on 29 November 2014 and he announced he would step down as leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party, with Matthew Guy being elected his successor on 4 December.

Deputy Premier of Victoria

The Deputy Premier of Victoria is the second-most senior officer in the Government of Victoria. The Deputy Premiership has been a ministerial portfolio since, and the Deputy Premier is appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Premier.

The current Deputy Premier is James Merlino of the Labor Party.

Electoral district of Hampden

Hampden was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Victoria from 1904 until its abolition in 1976. Most of the territory located in the old division of Hampden was transferred into the re-created electorate of Ripon. Hampden's most notable member was the longest serving Premier of Victoria Sir Henry Bolte. The seat was a marginally conservative seat, having never been won by the non-conservative parties for more than one term.

Electoral district of Kew

The electoral district of Kew is an electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. Located in eastern Melbourne, a few kilometres from the city centre, it is centred on the suburb of Kew. It also contains parts of Balwyn and Canterbury.

The seat was created in 1927 and has been a safe seat for the Liberal Party and its predecessors. The most notable former member is Dick Hamer, who was Premier of Victoria from 1972 until 1981. From 1927 to 1981, it was held by only three members, all of whom eventually became Deputy Premiers—Wilfrid Kent Hughes, Arthur Rylah and Hamer.

The current member is Tim Smith.

The seat is located almost entirely within the blue-ribbon federal Liberal seat of Kooyong.

Electoral district of South-West Coast

The electoral district of South-West Coast is an electorate of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It was created prior to the 2002 election in order to replace the abolished seats of Portland and Warrnambool.

The seat is dominated by the town of Warrnambool, but also includes Portland, Port Fairy, Koroit, Heywood and Macarthur.

South-West Coast is located in ancestrally Liberal territory, and was thus a natural choice for Portland's former member, Denis Napthine, to transfer for the 2002 election. He barely held onto his seat in the Labor landslide of that year, seeing his margin reduced to only 0.7 percent. However, it has reverted to its previous form as a safe Liberal seat. Napthine subsequently served as Premier of Victoria from 2013 to 2014. Following his government's election loss to Labor in November 2014, Napthine resigned from parliament on 3 September 2015. Roma Britnell retained the seat for the Liberals at the ensuing by-election on 31 October.

George Turner (Australian politician)

Sir George Turner (8 August 1851 – 13 August 1916), Australian politician, was the 18th Premier of Victoria and the first Treasurer of Australia in the federal Barton Ministry.

Turner was born in Melbourne: he was the first Premier of Victoria born in the colony. He received a sound education and began work as a clerk in a law office, matriculating in 1872 and being admitted to practise as a solicitor in 1881. He was a founding member of the Australian Natives' Association, an influential lobby group of Australian-born political liberals who campaigned for Australian federation and other causes. He was a member of the town council in St Kilda and was mayor in 1887–1888.

Governor of Victoria

The Governor of Victoria is the representative in the Australian state of Victoria of its monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia and is one of the Governors of the Australian states. The governor performs the same constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level as does the Governor-General of Australia at the federal level. The governor's office and official residence is Government House next to the Royal Botanic Gardens and surrounded by Kings Domain in Melbourne.

The Governor of Victoria is appointed by the Queen of Australia on the advice of the Premier of Victoria. The current Governor of Victoria is former judge Linda Dessau, Victoria's first female governor.

James Munro (Australian politician)

James Munro (7 January 1832 – 25 February 1908) was an Australian colonial politician and the 15th Premier of Victoria.

John Brumby

John Mansfield Brumby (born 21 April 1953), is a former Victorian Labor Party politician who was Premier of Victoria from 2007 to 2010. He became leader of the Victorian Labor Party and Premier after the resignation of Steve Bracks. He also served as the Minister for Veterans' Affairs and the Minister for Multicultural Affairs. He contested his first election as Premier at the November 2010 Victorian state election. His government was defeated by the Liberal/National Coalition led by Ted Baillieu. Brumby resigned as Labor leader after the election, on 30 November, to be replaced by Daniel Andrews. Within weeks of this leadership change, Brumby left parliament, with a Broadmeadows by-election taking place on 19 February 2011.

Brumby currently is the national president of the Australia China Business Council (ACBC).

John Cain

John Cain may refer to:

John Cain (senior) (1882–1957), 34th Premier of Victoria, Australia

John Cain (junior) (born 1931), 41st Premier of Victoria, Australia

John J. Cain (1861–1937), American mayor of Bayonne, New Jersey, 1910–1912

John Paul Cain (1936–2017), American professional golfer

John Edward Cain, American politician in California

Johnny Cain (1908–1977), American football player

John Cain (senior)

John Cain (19 January 1882 – 4 August 1957) was an Australian politician, who became the 34th premier of Victoria, and was the first Labor Party leader to win a majority in the Victorian Legislative Assembly. He is the only premier of Victoria to date whose son has also served as premier.

John McDonald (Victorian politician)

Sir John Gladstone Black McDonald (6 December 1898 – 23 April 1977) was 37th Premier of Victoria (leading the Country Party) from 27 June 1950 to 17 December 1952, except for a few days in October 1952 when Thomas Hollway led a brief Electoral Reform League government. McDonald came to office by defeating Hollway's Liberals, but was himself vanquished by the Labor Party under John Cain in 1952.

McDonald was also Deputy Premier of Victoria from November 1947 to December 1948 under Premier Thomas Hollway.

Members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, 2014–2018

This is a list of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 2014 to 2018.

1 On 2 February 2015, the Nationals member for Gippsland South and former Deputy Premier of Victoria, Peter Ryan, resigned. Nationals candidate Danny O'Brien won the resulting by-election on 14 March 2015.

2 On 3 September 2015, the Liberal members for South-West Coast (former Premier of Victoria Denis Napthine) and Polwarth (Terry Mulder) resigned. Liberal candidates Roma Britnell and Richard Riordan were elected at the resulting by-elections on 31 October for South-West Coast and Polwarth respectively.

3 Melton MLA Don Nardella resigned from the Labor Party on 7 March 2017 and now sits as an independent.

4 Northcote Labor MLA Fiona Richardson died on 23 August 2017. Greens candidate Lidia Thorpe won the resulting by-election on 18 November 2017.

5 Morwell MLA Russell Northe resigned from the National Party on 28 August 2017 and now sits as an independent.

Rupert Hamer

Sir Rupert James Hamer, AC, KCMG, ED (29 July 1916 – 23 March 2004), generally known until he was knighted in 1982 as Dick Hamer, was an Australian Liberal Party politician who served as the 39th Premier of Victoria from 1972 to 1981.

Ted Baillieu

Edward Norman Baillieu (born 31 July 1953) is a former Australian politician who was Premier of Victoria from 2010 to 2013. He was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1999 to 2014, representing the electorate of Hawthorn. He was elected leader of the Liberal Party in opposition in 2006, and served as Premier from 2010 until 2013 after winning the 2010 state election. He resigned as Premier on 6 March 2013, and was succeeded by Denis Napthine.

Thomas Hollway

Thomas Tuke Hollway (2 October 1906 – 30 July 1971) was the 36th Premier of Victoria, and the first to be born in the 20th century. He held office from 1947 to 1950, and again for a short period in 1952. He was originally a member of the United Australia Party and its successor, the Liberal Party, but split from the Liberals after a dispute over electoral reform issues.

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