The Premier of Victoria is the head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.
Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the premier or the prime minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.
|Premier of Victoria|
since 4 December 2014
|Seat||Parliament House, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Appointer||Governor of Victoria |
|Term length||At the Governor's pleasure |
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
|Inaugural holder||William Haines|
|Formation||30 November 1855|
|No.||Premier||Portrait||Party||Term of office||Days in office|
|1||William Haines||30 November 1855||11 March 1857||468|
|2||John O'Shanassy||11 March 1857||29 April 1857||50|
|(1)||William Haines||29 April 1857||10 March 1858||316 (Total 784 for 2 terms)|
|(2)||John O'Shanassy||10 March 1858||27 October 1859||597 (Total 647 for 2 terms)|
|3||William Nicholson||27 October 1859||26 November 1860||397|
|4||Richard Heales||26 November 1860||14 November 1861||354|
|(2)||John O'Shanassy||14 November 1861||27 June 1863||591 (Total 1238 for 3 terms)|
|5||James McCulloch||27 June 1863||6 May 1868||1776|
|6||Charles Sladen||6 May 1868||11 July 1868||67|
|(5)||James McCulloch||11 July 1868||20 September 1869||437 (Total 2213 for 2 terms)|
|7||John Alexander MacPherson||20 September 1869||9 April 1870||202|
|(5)||James McCulloch||9 April 1870||19 June 1871||437|
|8||Charles Gavan Duffy||19 June 1871||10 June 1872||358|
|9||James Francis||10 June 1872||31 July 1874||782|
|10||George Kerferd||31 July 1874||7 August 1875||373|
|11||Graham Berry||7 August 1875||20 October 1875||75|
|(5)||James McCulloch||20 October 1875||21 May 1877||580|
|(11)||Graham Berry||21 May 1877||5 March 1880||1020 (Total 1095 for 2 terms)|
|12||James Service||5 March 1880||3 August 1880||152|
|(11)||Graham Berry||3 August 1880||9 July 1881||341 (Total 1436 for 3 terms)|
|13||Bryan O'Loghlen||9 July 1881||8 March 1883||608|
|(12)||James Service||8 March 1883||18 February 1886||1079 (Total 1231 for 2 terms)|
|14||Duncan Gillies||18 February 1886||5 November 1890||1722|
|15||James Munro||5 November 1890||16 February 1892||469|
|16||William Shiels||16 February 1892||23 January 1893||343|
|17||James Patterson||23 January 1893||27 September 1894||613|
|18||George Turner||27 September 1894||5 December 1899||1896|
|19||Allan McLean||5 December 1899||19 November 1900||350|
|(18)||George Turner||19 November 1900||12 February 1901||86 (Total 1982 for 2 terms)|
|20||Alexander Peacock||12 February 1901||10 June 1902||484|
|21||William Irvine||Reform||10 June 1902||16 February 1904||617|
|22||Thomas Bent||Reform||16 February 1904||8 January 1909||1789|
|23||John Murray||Commonwealth Liberal||8 January 1909||18 May 1912||1227|
|24||William Watt||Commonwealth Liberal||18 May 1912||9 December 1913||571|
|25||George Elmslie||Labor||9 December 1913||22 December 1913||14|
|(24)||William Watt||Commonwealth Liberal||22 December 1913||18 June 1914||179 (Total 750 for 2 terms)|
|(20)||Alexander Peacock||Commonwealth Liberal||18 June 1914||29 November 1917||1261|
|26||John Bowser||Nationalist||29 November 1917||21 March 1918||113|
|27||Harry Lawson||Nationalist||21 March 1918||28 April 1924||2233|
|(20)||Alexander Peacock||Nationalist||28 April 1924||18 July 1924||82|
|28||George Prendergast||Labor||18 July 1924||18 November 1924||124|
|29||John Allan||Country||18 November 1924||20 May 1927||914|
|30||Edmond Hogan||Labor||20 May 1927||22 November 1928||553|
|31||William McPherson||Nationalist||22 November 1928||12 December 1929||386|
|(30)||Edmond Hogan||Labor||12 December 1929||19 May 1932||890 (Total 1443 for 2 terms)|
|32||Stanley Argyle||United Australia||19 May 1932||2 April 1935||1049|
|33||Albert Dunstan||Country||2 April 1935||14 September 1943||3088|
|34||John Cain sr||Labor||14 September 1943||18 September 1943||5|
|(33)||Albert Dunstan||Country||18 September 1943||2 October 1945||746 (Total 3834 for 2 terms)|
|35||Ian Macfarlan||Liberal||2 October 1945||21 November 1945||51|
|(34)||John Cain sr||Labor||21 November 1945||20 November 1947||730 (Total 735 for 2 terms)|
|36||Thomas Hollway||Liberal||20 November 1947||27 June 1950||951|
|37||John McDonald||Country||27 June 1950||28 October 1952||855|
|(36)||Thomas Hollway||Independent||28 October 1952||31 October 1952||4 (Total 955 for 2 terms)|
|(37)||John McDonald||Country||31 October 1952||17 December 1952||48 (Total 903 for 2 terms)|
|(34)||John Cain sr||Labor||17 December 1952||7 June 1955||903 (Total 1638 for 3 terms)|
|38||Henry Bolte||Liberal||7 June 1955||23 August 1972||6288|
|39||Rupert Hamer||Liberal||23 August 1972||5 June 1981||3209|
|40||Lindsay Thompson||Liberal||5 June 1981||8 April 1982||308|
|41||John Cain jr||Labor||8 April 1982||10 August 1990||3047|
|42||Joan Kirner||Labor||10 August 1990||6 October 1992||789|
|43||Jeff Kennett||Liberal||6 October 1992||20 October 1999||2571|
|44||Steve Bracks||Labor||20 October 1999||30 July 2007||2841|
|45||John Brumby||Labor||30 July 2007||2 December 2010||1222|
|46||Ted Baillieu||Liberal||2 December 2010||6 March 2013||826|
|47||Denis Napthine||Liberal||6 March 2013||4 December 2014||639|
|48||Daniel Andrews||Labor||4 December 2014||Incumbent||Incumbent|
As of 23 April 2019, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being John Cain Jr. (1982–1990, born 1931). The most recent (and also most-recently serving) Premier to die was Joan Kirner (1990–92), on 1 June 2015.
|Name||Term as premier||Date of birth|
|John Cain Jr.||1982–1990||26 April 1931|
|Jeff Kennett||1992–1999||2 March 1948|
|Steve Bracks||1999–2007||15 October 1954|
|John Brumby||2007–2010||21 April 1953|
|Ted Baillieu||2010–2013||31 July 1953|
|Denis Napthine||2013–2014||6 March 1952|
Sir Albert Arthur Dunstan, KCMG (26 July 1882 – 14 April 1950) was an Australian politician. A member of the Country Party (now National Party), Dunstan was the 33rd premier of Victoria. His term as premier was the second-longest in the state's history, behind Sir Henry Bolte. Dunstan, who was premier from 2 April 1935 to 14 September 1943, and again from 18 September 1943 to 2 October 1945, was the first premier of Victoria to hold that office as a position in its own right, and not just an additional duty taken up by the Treasurer, Attorney-General or Chief Secretary.Charles Gavan Duffy
Sir Charles Gavan Duffy KCMG (12 April 1816 – 9 February 1903), Irish-Australian nationalist, journalist, poet and politician, was the 8th Premier of Victoria and one of the most colourful figures in Victorian political history.
The suburb of Duffy in the Australian Capital Territory is named after him.
Duffy was born in Dublin Street, Monaghan Town, County Monaghan, Ireland, the son of a Catholic shopkeeper. Both his parents died while he was still a child and his uncle, Fr James Duffy, who was the Catholic parish priest of Castleblayney, became his guardian for a number of years.Daniel Andrews
Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australian politician who is the 48th Premier of Victoria, a post he has held since 2014. He has been the leader of the Victorian branch of the Labor Party since 2010, and from 2010 to 2014 was Leader of the Opposition in that state. Andrews was elected member for the Legislative Assembly seat of Mulgrave at the 2002 election, and served as a parliamentary secretary and minister in the Bracks and Brumby Labor governments.
On 29 November 2014, he was elected Premier of Victoria after the ALP won the state election, defeating the incumbent Liberal government. On 24 November 2018, he was re-elected as Premier of Victoria when Victorian Labor won the 2018 election in a landslide.Denis Napthine
Denis Vincent Napthine (born 6 March 1952) is a former Australian politician who was the 47th Premier of Victoria. Napthine was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, representing the electoral district of Portland from 1988 to 2002 and South-West Coast from 2002 to 2015. He was elected leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party on 6 March 2013 following the resignation of Ted Baillieu and was sworn in as premier on the same day. His party lost the Victorian state election on 29 November 2014 and he announced he would step down as leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party, with Matthew Guy being elected his successor on 4 December.Deputy Premier of Victoria
The Deputy Premier of Victoria is the second-most senior officer in the Government of Victoria. The Deputy Premiership has been a ministerial portfolio since, and the Deputy Premier is appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Premier.
The current Deputy Premier is James Merlino of the Labor Party.Electoral district of Hampden
Hampden was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Victoria from 1904 until its abolition in 1976. Most of the territory located in the old division of Hampden was transferred into the re-created electorate of Ripon. Hampden's most notable member was the longest serving Premier of Victoria Sir Henry Bolte. The seat was a marginally conservative seat, having never been won by the non-conservative parties for more than one term.Electoral district of Kew
The electoral district of Kew is an electoral district of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. Located in eastern Melbourne, a few kilometres from the city centre, it is centred on the suburb of Kew. It also contains parts of Balwyn and Canterbury.
The seat was created in 1927 and has been a safe seat for the Liberal Party and its predecessors. The most notable former member is Dick Hamer, who was Premier of Victoria from 1972 until 1981. From 1927 to 1981, it was held by only three members, all of whom eventually became Deputy Premiers—Wilfrid Kent Hughes, Arthur Rylah and Hamer.
The current member is Tim Smith.
The seat is located almost entirely within the blue-ribbon federal Liberal seat of Kooyong.Electoral district of South-West Coast
The electoral district of South-West Coast is an electorate of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It was created prior to the 2002 election in order to replace the abolished seats of Portland and Warrnambool.
The seat is dominated by the town of Warrnambool, but also includes Portland, Port Fairy, Koroit, Heywood and Macarthur.
South-West Coast is located in ancestrally Liberal territory, and was thus a natural choice for Portland's former member, Denis Napthine, to transfer for the 2002 election. He barely held onto his seat in the Labor landslide of that year, seeing his margin reduced to only 0.7 percent. However, it has reverted to its previous form as a safe Liberal seat. Napthine subsequently served as Premier of Victoria from 2013 to 2014. Following his government's election loss to Labor in November 2014, Napthine resigned from parliament on 3 September 2015. Roma Britnell retained the seat for the Liberals at the ensuing by-election on 31 October.George Turner (Australian politician)
Sir George Turner (8 August 1851 – 13 August 1916), Australian politician, was the 18th Premier of Victoria and the first Treasurer of Australia in the federal Barton Ministry.
Turner was born in Melbourne: he was the first Premier of Victoria born in the colony. He received a sound education and began work as a clerk in a law office, matriculating in 1872 and being admitted to practise as a solicitor in 1881. He was a founding member of the Australian Natives' Association, an influential lobby group of Australian-born political liberals who campaigned for Australian federation and other causes. He was a member of the town council in St Kilda and was mayor in 1887–1888.Governor of Victoria
The Governor of Victoria is the representative in the Australian state of Victoria of its monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia and is one of the Governors of the Australian states. The governor performs the same constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level as does the Governor-General of Australia at the federal level. The governor's office and official residence is Government House next to the Royal Botanic Gardens and surrounded by Kings Domain in Melbourne.
The Governor of Victoria is appointed by the Queen of Australia on the advice of the Premier of Victoria. The current Governor of Victoria is former judge Linda Dessau, Victoria's first female governor.James Munro (Australian politician)
James Munro (7 January 1832 – 25 February 1908) was an Australian colonial politician and the 15th Premier of Victoria.James Service
James Service (27 November 1823 – 13 April 1899),Australian colonial politician, was the 12th Premier of Victoria, Australia.John Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)
John Cain (19 January 1882 – 4 August 1957) was an Australian politician, who became the 34th premier of Victoria, and was the first Labor Party leader to win a majority in the Victorian Legislative Assembly. He is the only premier of Victoria to date whose son has also served as premier.John Cain (41st Premier of Victoria)
John Cain (born 26 April 1931) is a former Australian politician who was the 41st Premier of Victoria, in office from 1982 to 1990 as leader of the Labor Party. During his time as premier, changes were enforced to the practices of various institutions in Melbourne which discriminated against women, while other reforms were introduced such as liberalised shop trading hours and liquor laws, equal opportunity initiatives, and occupational health and safety legislation.John McDonald (Victorian politician)
Sir John Gladstone Black McDonald (6 December 1898 – 23 April 1977) was 37th Premier of Victoria (leading the Country Party) from 27 June 1950 to 17 December 1952, except for a few days in October 1952 when Thomas Hollway led a brief Electoral Reform League government. McDonald came to office by defeating Hollway's Liberals, but was himself vanquished by the Labor Party under John Cain in 1952.
McDonald was also Deputy Premier of Victoria from November 1947 to December 1948 under Premier Thomas Hollway.Members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, 2014–2018
This is a list of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 2014 to 2018.
1 On 2 February 2015, the Nationals member for Gippsland South and former Deputy Premier of Victoria, Peter Ryan, resigned. Nationals candidate Danny O'Brien won the resulting by-election on 14 March 2015.
2 On 3 September 2015, the Liberal members for South-West Coast (former Premier of Victoria Denis Napthine) and Polwarth (Terry Mulder) resigned. Liberal candidates Roma Britnell and Richard Riordan were elected at the resulting by-elections on 31 October for South-West Coast and Polwarth respectively.
3 Melton MLA Don Nardella resigned from the Labor Party on 7 March 2017 and now sits as an independent.
4 Northcote Labor MLA Fiona Richardson died on 23 August 2017. Greens candidate Lidia Thorpe won the resulting by-election on 18 November 2017.
5 Morwell MLA Russell Northe resigned from the National Party on 28 August 2017 and now sits as an independent.Rupert Hamer
Sir Rupert James Hamer, AC, KCMG, ED (29 July 1916 – 23 March 2004), generally known until he was knighted in 1982 as Dick Hamer, was an Australian Liberal Party politician who served as the 39th Premier of Victoria from 1972 to 1981.Ted Baillieu
Edward Norman Baillieu (born 31 July 1953) is a former Australian politician who was Premier of Victoria from 2010 to 2013. He was a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1999 to 2014, representing the electorate of Hawthorn. He was elected leader of the Liberal Party in opposition in 2006, and served as Premier from 2010 until 2013 after winning the 2010 state election. He resigned as Premier on 6 March 2013, and was succeeded by Denis Napthine.Thomas Hollway
Thomas Tuke Hollway (2 October 1906 – 30 July 1971) was the 36th Premier of Victoria, and the first to be born in the 20th century. He held office from 1947 to 1950, and again for a short period in 1952. He was originally a member of the United Australia Party and its successor, the Liberal Party, but split from the Liberals after a dispute over electoral reform issues.
Premiers of Victoria