Prefecture-level city

A prefectural-level municipality (Chinese: 地级市), prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-administrated city (Chinese: 省辖市) from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures, leagues and autonomous prefectures). Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese: 司长) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese: ; pinyin: shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese: 地区; pinyin: dìqū) that have been merged into one consolidated and unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term 市区 shìqū ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Gansu, Jilin, Hubei, Hunan) and 3 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia) have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

  • An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000
  • gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$32 million)
  • the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP[1]

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

Prefecture-level municipality
Prefecture-level city
Prefectural-level city
China Prefectural-level cities
Simplified Chinese地级市
Traditional Chinese地級市
Literal meaningRegional-level municipality
A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" (黄石市区) rather than simply "Huangshi" (黄石). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is located already within Huangshi prefectural level city (immediately upon entering its Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the Huangshi main urban area.


There are total of three classification of prefecture-level city:

Cartographic expression and statistics

In Europe and North America, cities are generally represented as points, while counties are represented as areas. Thus, Bloomington, Indiana is indicated on the map by a point, which is distinct from, and enclosed by, the area of Monroe County, Indiana. In China, however, large cities such as City of Xianning may, in reality, contain both urban and rural elements. Moreover, they may enclose counties or other cities. On a less detailed map, City of Xianning would be indicated by a point, more or less corresponding to the coordinates of its city government. Other populous areas may also be exhibited as points, such as County of Tongshan, with no indication that County of Tongshan is, in fact, enclosed by City of Xianning. On a more detailed map, City of Xianning would be drawn as an area, similar to a county of the United States, and County of Tongshan would be drawn as a smaller area within City of Xianning.

This convention may lead to difficulty in the identification of places mentioned in older sources. For example, Guo Moruo writes that he was born in Town of Shawan, within Prefecture of Leshan, and attended primary school in Town of Jiading. A modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it is too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of City of Leshan, and is therefore indicated on the map by a point labelled "Leshan." A more detailed map would show Shawan as a district within City of Leshan, but Jiading would still be missing.

Statistics of China such as population and industrial activity are generally reported along prefectural city lines. Thus, the relatively unknown City of Huangshi has 2.5 million residents, more than most European capitals, but upon closer inspection, the city covers an area almost 100 kilometers across. Furthermore, Huangshi contains several other cities, such as City of Daye. If a person wished to calculate the population of the urban area of Huangshi, and had a map of Huangshi, and a table of its population by district, the task might not be easy. The urban area might be split between several districts, and some of those districts may include rural elements as well.

Prefecture-level city list

As of January 2019, there are 293 prefecture-level cities total:

City Chinese Province Area
Former divisions
Anqing 安庆市 Anhui 13,528 1979-11-04 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Bengbu 蚌埠市 Anhui 5,912 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bozhou 亳州市 Anhui 8,429 2000-05-21 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Chizhou 池州市 Anhui 8,272 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Chizhou Prefecture (池州地区)
Chuzhou 滁州市 Anhui 13,398 1992-12-20 Reorganized from Chuxian Prefecture (滁县地区)
Fuyang 阜阳市 Anhui 9,775 1996-01-01 Reorganized from Fuyang Prefecture (阜阳地区)
Hefei 合肥市 Anhui 11,496 1949-10-01 Carved out of Hefei County (合肥县)
Huaibei 淮北市 Anhui 2,732 1960-04-16 Upgraded from Huaibei Mining District (淮北矿区)
Huainan 淮南市 Anhui 5,650 1951-01-18 Upgraded from Huainan Mining District (淮南矿区)
Huangshan 黄山市 Anhui 9,807 1987-11-27 Reorganized from Huizhou Prefecture (徽州地区)
Lu'an 六安市 Anhui 15,452 1999-09-02 Reorganized from Lu'an Prefecture (六安地区)
Ma'anshan 马鞍山市 Anhui 4,042 1956-10-12 Upgraded from Ma'anshan Mining District (马鞍山矿区)
Suzhou 宿州市 Anhui 9,787 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Suxian Prefecture (宿县地区)
Tongling 铜陵市 Anhui 3,008 1971-12-11 Reorganized from Tongling Prefecture (铜陵特区)
Wuhu 芜湖市 Anhui 5,987 1972-12-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xuancheng 宣城市 Anhui 12,340 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Xuancheng Prefecture (宣城地区)
Fuzhou 福州市 Fujian 11,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longyan 龙岩市 Fujian 19,052 1996-11-20 Reorganized from Longyan Prefecture (龙岩地区)
Nanping 南平市 Fujian 26,312 1994-09-05 Reorganized from Nanping Prefecture (南平地区)
Ningde 宁德市 Fujian 13,644 1999-11-14 Reorganized from Ningde Prefecture (宁德地区)
Putian 莆田市 Fujian 3,895 1983-09-09 Carved out of Putian County (莆田县)
Quanzhou 泉州市 Fujian 10,864 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Jinjiang Prefecture (晋江地区)
Sanming 三明市 Fujian 23,191 1983-04-28 Reorganized from Sanming Prefecture (三明地区)
Xiamen 厦门市 Fujian 1,516 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Zhangzhou 漳州市 Fujian 12,608 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Longxi Prefecture (龙溪地区)
Baiyin 白银市 Gansu 21,210 1985-05-14 Upgraded from Baiyin District, Lanzhou (兰州市白银区)
Dingxi 定西市 Gansu 20,330 2003-04-04 Reorganized from Dingxi Prefecture (定西地区)
Jiayuguan 嘉峪关市 Gansu 2,935 1971-09-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jinchang 金昌市 Gansu 8,927 1981-02-09 Carved out of Yongchang County (永昌县)
Jiuquan 酒泉市 Gansu 189,997 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Jiuquan Prefecture (酒泉地区)
Lanzhou 兰州市 Gansu 13,083 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longnan 陇南市 Gansu 27,838 2004-01-11 Reorganized from Longnan Prefecture (陇南地区)
Pingliang 平凉市 Gansu 11,169 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Pingliang Prefecture (平凉地区)
Qingyang 庆阳市 Gansu 27,119 2002-06-22 Reorganized from Qingyang Prefecture (庆阳地区)
Tianshui 天水市 Gansu 14,431 1985-07-08 Reorganized from Tianshui Prefecture (天水地区)
Wuwei 武威市 Gansu 33,238 2001-05-09 Reorganized from Wuwei Prefecture (武威地区)
Zhangye 张掖市 Gansu 40,826 2002-03-01 Reorganized from Zhangye Prefecture (张掖地区)
Chaozhou 潮州市 Guangdong 3,098 1991-12-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Dongguan 东莞市 Guangdong 2,512 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Foshan 佛山市 Guangdong 3,875 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Guangzhou 广州市 Guangdong 7,436 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Heyuan 河源市 Guangdong 15,644 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Heyuan County (河源县)
Huizhou 惠州市 Guangdong 11,159 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jiangmen 江门市 Guangdong 9,554 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jieyang 揭阳市 Guangdong 5,269 1991-12-07 Upgraded from Jieyang County (揭阳县)
Maoming 茂名市 Guangdong 11,345 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Meizhou 梅州市 Guangdong 15,925 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Meixian Prefecture (梅县地区)
Qingyuan 清远市 Guangdong 19,265 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Qingyuan County (清远县)
Shantou 汕头市 Guangdong 2,123 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shanwei 汕尾市 Guangdong 4,957 1988-01-07 Carved out of Haifeng County (海丰县)
Shaoguan 韶关市 Guangdong 18,398 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shenzhen 深圳市 Guangdong 2,019.95 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Bao'an County (宝安县)
Yangjiang 阳江市 Guangdong 8,006 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Yunfu 云浮市 Guangdong 7,778 1994-04-05 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhanjiang 湛江市 Guangdong 11,692 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhaoqing 肇庆市 Guangdong 15,006 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Zhaoqing Prefecture (肇庆地区)
Zhongshan 中山市 Guangdong 1,770 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhuhai 珠海市 Guangdong 1,696 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Zhuhai County (珠海县)
Baise 百色市 Guangxi 36,206 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Baise Prefecture (百色地区)
Beihai 北海市 Guangxi 3,337 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Chongzuo 崇左市 Guangxi 17,331 2002-12-23 Reorganized from Nanning Prefecture (南宁地区)
Fangchenggang 防城港市 Guangxi 6,227 1993-05-23 Upgraded from Fangcheng County (防城各族自治县)
Guigang 贵港市 Guangxi 10,596 1995-10-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Guilin 桂林市 Guangxi 27,809 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Hechi 河池市 Guangxi 33,494 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hechi Prefecture (河池地区)
Hezhou 贺州市 Guangxi 11,855 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hezhou Prefecture (贺州地区)
Laibin 来宾市 Guangxi 13,386 2002-09-29 Reorganized from Liuzhou Prefecture (柳州地区)
Liuzhou 柳州市 Guangxi 18,652 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Nanning 南宁市 Guangxi 22,341 1961-12-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Qinzhou 钦州市 Guangxi 10,783 1994-06-28 Reorganized from Qinzhou Prefecture (钦州地区)
Wuzhou 梧州市 Guangxi 12,582 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Yulin 玉林市 Guangxi 12,839 1997-04-22 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (玉林地区)
Anshun 安顺市 Guizhou 9,269 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Anshun Prefecture (安顺地区)
Bijie 毕节市 Guizhou 26,852 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Bijie Prefecture (毕节地区)
Guiyang 贵阳市 Guizhou 8,035 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liupanshui 六盘水市 Guizhou 9,914 1978-12-18 Reorganized from Liupanshui Prefecture (六盘水地区)
Tongren 铜仁市 Guizhou 18,002 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Tongren Prefecture (铜仁地区)
Zunyi 遵义市 Guizhou 30,750.41 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Zunyi Prefecture (遵义地区)
Danzhou 儋州市 Hainan 3,400 2015-02-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Haikou 海口市 Hainan 2,315 1986-05-31 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Sansha 三沙市 Hainan 13 2012-06-21 Upgraded from XNZ Islands Authority (西沙群岛、南沙群岛、中沙群岛办事处)
Sanya 三亚市 Hainan 1,918 1987-11-20 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Baoding 保定市 Hebei 22,135 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Cangzhou 沧州市 Hebei 13,488 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Chengde 承德市 Hebei 39,719 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Handan 邯郸市 Hebei 12,066.18 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Hengshui 衡水市 Hebei 8,758 1996-05-31 Reorganized from Hengshui Prefecture (衡水地区)
Langfang 廊坊市 Hebei 6,420 1988-09-13 Reorganized from Langfang Prefecture (廊坊地区)
Qinhuangdao 秦皇岛市 Hebei 7,813 1983-03-03 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shijiazhuang 石家庄市 Hebei 14,530 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Tangshan 唐山市 Hebei 13,829 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xingtai 邢台市 Hebei 12,143 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhangjiakou 张家口市 Hebei 36,303 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Daqing 大庆市 Heilongjiang 21,643 1965-12-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Harbin 哈尔滨市 Heilongjiang 53,186 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Hegang 鹤岗市 Heilongjiang 14,665 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Heihe 黑河市 Heilongjiang 68,285 1993-02-08 Reorganized from Heihe Prefecture (黑河地区)
Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Heilongjiang 32,470 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jixi 鸡西市 Heilongjiang 22,551 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Heilongjiang 38,827 1983-10-08 Reorganized from Mudanjiang Prefecture (牡丹江地区)
Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Heilongjiang 44,287 1964-01-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Qitaihe 七台河市 Heilongjiang 6,221 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Heilongjiang 22,802 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Suihua 绥化市 Heilongjiang 35,211 1999-12-28 Reorganized from Suihua Prefecture (绥化地区)
Yichun 伊春市 Heilongjiang 32,800 1979-12-14 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (伊春地区)
Anyang 安阳市 Henan 7,355 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Hebi 鹤壁市 Henan 2,299 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jiaozuo 焦作市 Henan 4,072 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Kaifeng 开封市 Henan 6,247 1961-12-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Luohe 漯河市 Henan 2,617 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Luoyang 洛阳市 Henan 15,492 1964-04-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Nanyang 南阳市 Henan 26,591 1994-07-01 Reorganized from Nanyang Prefecture (南阳地区)
Pingdingshan 平顶山市 Henan 7,874 1969-03-15 Reorganized from Pingdingshan Prefecture (平顶山特区)
Puyang 濮阳市 Henan 4,266 1983-09-01 Upgraded from Puyang County (濮阳县)
Sanmenxia 三门峡市 Henan 10,475 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shangqiu 商丘市 Henan 10,658 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Shangqiu Prefecture (商丘地区)
Xinxiang 新乡市 Henan 8,629 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xinyang 信阳市 Henan 18,819 1998-06-09 Reorganized from Xinyang Prefecture (信阳地区)
Xuchang 许昌市 Henan 4,977 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhengzhou 郑州市 Henan 7,507 1949-10-01 Upgraded from Zheng County (郑县)
Zhoukou 周口市 Henan 11,968 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhoukou Prefecture (周口地区)
Zhumadian 驻马店市 Henan 14,974 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhumadian Prefecture (驻马店地区)
Ezhou 鄂州市 Hubei 1,505 1983-08-19 Upgraded from Echeng (鄂城市) & Echeng County (鄂城县)
Huanggang 黄冈市 Hubei 17,453 1995-12-23 Upgraded from Huanggang Prefecture (黄冈地区)
Huangshi 黄石市 Hubei 4,576 1950-08-30 Reorganized from Huangshi Special District (黄石特区)
Jingmen 荆门市 Hubei 12,100 1983-08-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jingzhou 荆州市 Hubei 14,104 1994-09-29 Reorganized from Jingzhou Prefecture (荆州地区) & Shashi (沙市市)
Shiyan 十堰市 Hubei 23,698 1973-02-17 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Suizhou 随州市 Hubei 9,636 2000-06-25 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Wuhan 武汉市 Hubei 8,483 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Xiangyang 襄阳市 Hubei 19,626 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xianning 咸宁市 Hubei 10,019 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Xianning Prefecture (咸宁地区)
Xiaogan 孝感市 Hubei 8,941 1993-04-10 Reorganized from Xiaogan Prefecture (孝感地区)
Yichang 宜昌市 Hubei 21,081 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Changde 常德市 Hunan 18,190 1988-01-23 Reorganized from Changde Prefecture (常德地区)
Changsha 长沙市 Hunan 11,816 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Chenzhou 郴州市 Hunan 19,342 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Chenzhou Prefecture (郴州地区)
Hengyang 衡阳市 Hunan 15,300 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Huaihua 怀化市 Hunan 27,573 1997-11-29 Reorganized from Huaihua Prefecture (怀化地区)
Loudi 娄底市 Hunan 8,110 1999-01-20 Reorganized from Loudi Prefecture (娄底地区)
Shaoyang 邵阳市 Hunan 20,822 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xiangtan 湘潭市 Hunan 5,005 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Yiyang 益阳市 Hunan 12,320 1994-03-07 Reorganized from Yiyang Prefecture (益阳地区)
Yongzhou 永州市 Hunan 22,259 1995-11-21 Reorganized from Lingling Prefecture (零陵地区)
Yueyang 岳阳市 Hunan 14,858 1983-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhangjiajie 张家界市 Hunan 9,534 1988-05-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhuzhou 株洲市 Hunan 11,248 1956-11-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Baotou 包头市 Inner Mongolia 27,652 1950-02-13 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bayannur 巴彦淖尔市 Inner Mongolia 66,263 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Bayannur League (巴彦淖尔盟)
Chifeng 赤峰市 Inner Mongolia 90,064 1983-10-10 Reorganized from Ju'ud League (昭乌达盟)
Hohhot 呼和浩特市 Inner Mongolia 17,344 1950-01-18 Inherited from Nationalist government
Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔市 Inner Mongolia 262,062 2001-10-10 Reorganized from Hulunbuir League (呼伦贝尔盟)
Ordos 鄂尔多斯市 Inner Mongolia 86,873.55 2001-02-26 Reorganized from Ihju League (伊克昭盟)
Tongliao 通辽市 Inner Mongolia 59,364 1999-01-13 Reorganized from Jirem League (哲里木盟)
Ulanqab 乌兰察布市 Inner Mongolia 54,795 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Ulanqab League (乌兰察布盟)
Wuhai 乌海市 Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30 Merger of Wuda (乌达市) & Haibowan (海勃湾市) cities
Changzhou 常州市 Jiangsu 4,374 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Huai'an 淮安市 Jiangsu 10,047 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Huaiyin Prefecture (淮阴地区)
Lianyungang 连云港市 Jiangsu 7,614 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Nanjing 南京市 Jiangsu 6,586 1953-12-17 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Nantong 南通市 Jiangsu 8,001 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Suqian 宿迁市 Jiangsu 8,462 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Suzhou 苏州市 Jiangsu 8,488 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Taizhou 泰州市 Jiangsu 5,788 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Wuxi 无锡市 Jiangsu 4,628 1949-10-01 Carved out of Wuxi County (无锡县)
Xuzhou 徐州市 Jiangsu 11,258 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Yancheng 盐城市 Jiangsu 16,972 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yancheng Prefecture (盐城地区)
Yangzhou 扬州市 Jiangsu 6,592 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yangzhou Prefecture (扬州地区)
Zhenjiang 镇江市 Jiangsu 3,847 1983-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Fuzhou 抚州市 Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Fuzhou Prefecture (抚州地区)
Ganzhou 赣州市 Jiangxi 39,379 1998-12-24 Reorganized from Ganzhou Prefecture (赣州地区)
Ji'an 吉安市 Jiangxi 25,341 2000-05-11 Reorganized from Ji'an Prefecture (吉安地区)
Jingdezhen 景德镇市 Jiangxi 5,270 1953-06-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Jiujiang 九江市 Jiangxi 18,823 1980-03-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Nanchang 南昌市 Jiangxi 7,402 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Pingxiang 萍乡市 Jiangxi 3,802 1970-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shangrao 上饶市 Jiangxi 22,791 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Shangrao Prefecture (上饶地区)
Xinyu 新余市 Jiangxi 3,178 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Yichun 宜春市 Jiangxi 18,707 2000-05-22 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (宜春地区)
Yingtan 鹰潭市 Jiangxi 3,554 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Baicheng 白城市 Jilin 25,683 1993-06-14 Reorganized from Baicheng Prefecture (白城地区)
Baishan 白山市 Jilin 17,485 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Changchun 长春市 Jilin 20,565 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Jilin 吉林市 Jilin 27,722 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyuan 辽源市 Jilin 5,125 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Siping 四平市 Jilin 14,323 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Songyuan 松原市 Jilin 20,159 1992-06-06 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Tonghua 通化市 Jilin 15,698 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Anshan 鞍山市 Liaoning 9,252 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Benxi 本溪市 Liaoning 8,413 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Chaoyang 朝阳市 Liaoning 19,736 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Chaoyang Prefecture (朝阳地区)
Dalian 大连市 Liaoning 13,238 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Dandong 丹东市 Liaoning 15,030 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Fushun 抚顺市 Liaoning 11,344 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Fuxin 阜新市 Liaoning 10,445 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huludao 葫芦岛市 Liaoning 10,434 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinzhou 锦州市 Liaoning 10,059 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyang 辽阳市 Liaoning 4,741 1965-12-27 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Panjin 盘锦市 Liaoning 4,121 1984-06-05 Upgraded from Panshan County (盘山县)
Shenyang 沈阳市 Liaoning 12,980 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Tieling 铁岭市 Liaoning 13,029 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Tieling Prefecture (铁岭地区)
Yingkou 营口市 Liaoning 5,262 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Guyuan 固原市 Ningxia 13,450 2001-07-07 Reorganized from Guyuan Prefecture (固原地区)
Shizuishan 石嘴山市 Ningxia 5,208 1975-11-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Wuzhong 吴忠市 Ningxia 21,420 1998-05-11 Reorganized from Yinnan Prefecture (银南地区)
Yinchuan 银川市 Ningxia 8,874 1958-08-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Zhongwei 中卫市 Ningxia 17,448 2003-12-31 Upgraded from Zhongwei County (中卫县)
Haidong 海东市 Qinghai 13,202 2013-02-08 Reorganized from Haidong Prefecture (海东地区)
Xining 西宁市 Qinghai 7,679 1956-07-14 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Ankang 安康市 Shaanxi 23,535 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Ankang Prefecture (安康地区)
Baoji 宝鸡市 Shaanxi 18,162 1971-10-05 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Hanzhong 汉中市 Shaanxi 27,093 1996-02-21 Reorganized from Hanzhong Prefecture (汉中地区)
Shangluo 商洛市 Shaanxi 19,581 2001-08-31 Reorganized from Shangluo Prefecture (商洛地区)
Tongchuan 铜川市 Shaanxi 3,881 1966-06-24 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Weinan 渭南市 Shaanxi 13,033 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Weinan Prefecture (渭南地区)
Xi'an 西安市 Shaanxi 10,106 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Xianyang 咸阳市 Shaanxi 10,283 1983-09-09 Reorganized from Xianyang Prefecture (咸阳地区)
Yan'an 延安市 Shaanxi 37,032 1996-11-05 Reorganized from Yan'an Prefecture (延安地区)
Yulin 榆林市 Shaanxi 42,923 1999-12-05 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (榆林地区)
Binzhou 滨州市 Shandong 9,156 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Binzhou Prefecture (滨州地区)
Dezhou 德州市 Shandong 10,361 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Dezhou Prefecture (德州地区)
Dongying 东营市 Shandong 8,617 1982-11-10 Carved out of Huimin Prefecture (惠民地区)
Heze 菏泽市 Shandong 12,256 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Heze Prefecture (菏泽地区)
Jinan 济南市 Shandong 10,423 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Jining 济宁市 Shandong 11,191 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Jining Prefecture (济宁地区)
Liaocheng 聊城市 Shandong 8,721 1997-08-29 Reorganized from Liaocheng Prefecture (聊城地区)
Linyi 临沂市 Shandong 17,192 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Linyi Prefecture (临沂地区)
Qingdao 青岛市 Shandong 11,064 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Rizhao 日照市 Shandong 5,359 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Tai'an 泰安市 Shandong 7,762 1985-03-27 Reorganized from Tai'an Prefecture (泰安地区)
Weifang 潍坊市 Shandong 16,138 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Weifang Prefecture (潍坊地区)
Weihai 威海市 Shandong 5,797 1987-06-15 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Yantai 烟台市 Shandong 13,654 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Yantai Prefecture (烟台地区)
Zaozhuang 枣庄市 Shandong 4,564 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Zibo 淄博市 Shandong 5,964 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Changzhi 长治市 Shanxi 13,945 1975-07-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Datong 大同市 Shanxi 14,056 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jincheng 晋城市 Shanxi 9,425 1985-04-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinzhong 晋中市 Shanxi 16,391 1999-09-24 Reorganized from Jinzhong Prefecture (晋中地区)
Linfen 临汾市 Shanxi 20,301 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Linfen Prefecture (临汾地区)
Lüliang 吕梁市 Shanxi 21,140 2003-10-23 Reorganized from Lüliang Prefecture (吕梁地区)
Shuozhou 朔州市 Shanxi 10,626 1988-03-24 Upgraded from Shuo County (朔县) & Pinglu County (平鲁县)
Taiyuan 太原市 Shanxi 6,909 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Xinzhou 忻州市 Shanxi 25,154 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Xinzhou Prefecture (忻州地区)
Yangquan 阳泉市 Shanxi 4,559 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Yuncheng 运城市 Shanxi 14,183 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Yuncheng Prefecture (运城地区)
Bazhong 巴中市 Sichuan 12,292 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Bazhong Prefecture (巴中地区)
Chengdu 成都市 Sichuan 14,312 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Dazhou 达州市 Sichuan 16,605 1999-06-20 Reorganized from Dachuan Prefecture (达川地区)
Deyang 德阳市 Sichuan 5,911 1983-08-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Guang'an 广安市 Sichuan 6,344 1998-07-31 Reorganized from Guang'an Prefecture (广安地区)
Guangyuan 广元市 Sichuan 16,310 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Guangyuan County (广元县)
Leshan 乐山市 Sichuan 12,759 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Leshan Prefecture (乐山地区)
Luzhou 泸州市 Sichuan 12,232 1983-03-03 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Meishan 眉山市 Sichuan 7,134 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Meishan Prefecture (眉山地区)
Mianyang 绵阳市 Sichuan 20,257 1985-02-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Neijiang 内江市 Sichuan 5,386 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Neijiang Prefecture (内江地区)
Nanchong 南充市 Sichuan 12,514 1993-07-02 Reorganized from Nanchong Prefecture (南充地区)
Panzhihua 攀枝花市 Sichuan 7,440 1965-04-22 Upgraded from Panzhihua Special District (攀枝花特区)
Suining 遂宁市 Sichuan 5,326 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Suining County (遂宁县)
Ya'an 雅安市 Sichuan 15,303 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ya'an Prefecture (雅安地区)
Yibin 宜宾市 Sichuan 13,271 1996-10-05 Reorganized from Yibin Prefecture (宜宾地区)
Zigong 自贡市 Sichuan 4,382 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Ziyang 资阳市 Sichuan 5,757 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ziyang Prefecture (资阳地区)
Lhasa 拉萨市 Tibet 31,662 1960-01-07 Carved out of Changchub Jurisdiction (绛曲基巧)
Qamdo 昌都市 Tibet 110,154 2014-10-20 Reorganized from Qamdo Prefecture (昌都地区)
Nagqu 那曲市 Tibet 369,674 2017-07-18 Reorganized from Nagqu Prefecture (那曲地区)
Nyingchi 林芝市 Tibet 116,175 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Nyingchi Prefecture (林芝地区)
Shannan 山南市 Tibet 79,699 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Shannan Prefecture (山南地区)
Xigazê 日喀则市 Tibet 182,000 2014-06-26 Reorganized from Xigazê Prefecture (日喀则地区)
Hami 哈密市 Xinjiang 138,919 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Hami Prefecture (哈密地区)
Karamay 克拉玛依市 Xinjiang 7,734 1982-02-16 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Turpan 吐鲁番市 Xinjiang 70,049 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Turpan Prefecture (吐鲁番地区)
Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐市 Xinjiang 13,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Baoshan 保山市 Yunnan 19,637 2000-12-30 Reorganized from Baoshan Prefecture (保山地区)
Kunming 昆明市 Yunnan 21,473 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Lincang 临沧市 Yunnan 24,469 2003-12-26 Reorganized from Lincang Prefecture (临沧地区)
Lijiang 丽江市 Yunnan 21,219 2002-12-26 Reorganized from Lijiang Prefecture (丽江地区)
Pu'er 普洱市 Yunnan 45,385 2003-10-30 Reorganized from Simao Prefecture (思茅地区)
Qujing 曲靖市 Yunnan 29,855 1997-05-06 Reorganized from Qujing Prefecture (曲靖地区)
Yuxi 玉溪市 Yunnan 15,285 1997-12-13 Reorganized from Yuxi Prefecture (玉溪地区)
Zhaotong 昭通市 Yunnan 23,021 2001-01-13 Reorganized from Zhaotong Prefecture (昭通地区)
Hangzhou 杭州市 Zhejiang 16,596 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huzhou 湖州市 Zhejiang 5,794 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jiaxing 嘉兴市 Zhejiang 3,915 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinhua 金华市 Zhejiang 10,919 1985-05-15 Reorganized from Jinhua Prefecture (金华地区)
Lishui 丽水市 Zhejiang 17,298 2000-05-20 Reorganized from Lishui Prefecture (丽水地区)
Ningbo 宁波市 Zhejiang 9,365 1949-12-20 Carved out of Yin County (鄞县)
Quzhou 衢州市 Zhejiang 8,837 1985-05-15 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shaoxing 绍兴市 Zhejiang 8,256 1983-07-27 Reorganized from Shaoxing Prefecture (绍兴地区)
Taizhou 台州市 Zhejiang 9,413 1994-08-22 Reorganized from Taizhou Prefecture (台州地区)
Wenzhou 温州市 Zhejiang 11,784 1949-11-06 Carved out of Yongjia County (永嘉县)
Zhoushan 舟山市 Zhejiang 1,440 1987-01-23 Reorganized from Zhoushan Prefecture (舟山地区)

Dissolved Prefecture-level cities

City Chinese Province Founded Dissolved
Chaohu 巢湖市 Anhui 1999-07-09 2011-07-14
Tianjin 天津市 Hebei 1958-02-11 1967-01-02
Shashi 沙市市 Hubei 1979-06-21 1994-09-29
Gongzhuling 公主岭市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Meihekou 梅河口市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Laiwu 莱芜市 Shandong 1992-11-22 2019-01-09
Chongqing 重庆市 Sichuan 1954-06-19 1997-03-14
Fuling 涪陵市 Sichuan 1995-11-05 1997-03-14
Wanxian 万县市 Sichuan 1992-12-11 1997-03-14
Dongchuan 东川市 Yunnan 1958-10-20 1998-12-06

See also


  1. ^ China's Political System

Chashan (Chinese: 茶山; pinyin: cháshān) is a town under the direct administration of the prefecture-level city of Dongguan, Guangdong Province, China. It is located 11.5 kilometres (7.1 mi) northeast of the prefecture-level city centre.

Dalang, Dongguan

Dalang (Chinese: 大朗) is a town under the jurisdiction of Dongguan prefecture-level city in Guangdong province, China.


Guang'an (simplified Chinese: 广安; traditional Chinese: 廣安; pinyin: Guǎng'ān; Wade–Giles: kwang-an) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province. It is most famous as the birthplace of China's former paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. Guang'an lies between the hills of central Sichuan and the gorges area of the east.Guang'an is the only "Sichuan Chongqing Cooperation Demonstration Zone" in Sichuan and the nearest prefecture level city from the main city of Chongqing. It has been incorporated into the 1 hour economic circle of Chongqing. Because of its strategic location, it is called the "Gateway to Eastern Sichuan". Its population as of 2010 census was 3,205,476. whom 858,159 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts.


Hebi (simplified Chinese: 鹤壁; traditional Chinese: 鶴壁; pinyin: Hèbì [xɤ̂.pî]; postal: Hopi) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China. Situated in mountainous terrain at the edge of the Shanxi plateau, Hebi is about 25 miles (40 km) south of Anyang, 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Xinxiang and 65 miles (105 km) north of Kaifeng.

Hebi has several coal mines. The city is also home to Hebi New Area, an economic development zone.


Heze, formerly known as Caozhou, is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong, China. It is home to 8,287,693 inhabitants, of whom 1,346,717 live in the built-up area around the seat of government in Mudan District. The westernmost prefecture-level city in Shandong, it borders Jining to the east and the provinces of Henan and Anhui to the west and south respectively.

Jianyang, Sichuan

Jianyang (simplified Chinese: 简阳; traditional Chinese: 簡陽; pinyin: Jiǎnyáng) is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. Situated only 48 kilometers south east of the city center of Chengdu, Jianyang is administratively under the jurisdiction of Chengdu from the prefecture-level city of Ziyang since May 2016. The urban center is located on the banks of the Tuo River.


Langfang (Chinese: 廊坊; pinyin: Lángfáng), is a prefecture-level city of Hebei Province, which was known as Tianjin Prefecture until 1973. It was renamed Langfang Prefecture after Tianjin became a municipality and finally upgraded into a prefecture-level city in 1988. Langfang is located approximately midway between Beijing and Tianjin. At the 2010 census, the population of Langfang was 4,358,839, of whom 868,066 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Guangyang and Anci districts; its total area is around 6,417.28 km2 (2,477.73 sq mi). Langfang borders Baoding to the southwest, Cangzhou to the south (both prefecture-level cities of Hebei), Beijing to the north and Tianjin to the east. Sanhe City and Dachang Hui County are now conurbated with Beijing, so that they form part of the same built-up area. Langfang is the smallest prefecture-level city of Hebei Province by land area.

Lhasa (prefecture-level city)

Lhasa is a prefecture-level city, formerly a prefecture until 7 January 1960, one of the main administrative divisions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It covers an area of 29,274 square kilometres (11,303 sq mi) of rugged and sparsely populated terrain.

The consolidated prefecture-level city is divided into five mostly rural counties and three partially urban districts Chengguan District, Doilungdêqên District, and Dagzê District, which contain the main urban area of Lhasa.

The prefecture-level city roughly corresponds to the basin of the Lhasa River, a major tributary of the Yarlung Tsangpo River. It lies on the Lhasa terrane, the last unit of crust to accrete to the Eurasian plate before the continent of India collided with Asia about 50 million years ago and pushed up the Himalayas. The terrane is high, contains a complex pattern of faults and is tectonically active. The temperature is generally warm in summer and rises above freezing on sunny days in winter. Most of the rain falls in summer. The upland areas and northern grasslands are used for grazing yaks, sheep and goats, while the river valleys support agriculture with crops such as barley, wheat and vegetables. Wildlife is not abundant, but includes the rare snow leopard and black-necked crane. Mining has caused some environmental problems.

The 2000 census gave a total population of 474,490, of whom 387,124 were ethnic Tibetans. The Han Chinese population at the time was mainly concentrated in urban areas. The prefecture-level city is traversed by two major highways and by the Qinghai–Tibet Railway, which terminates in the city of Lhasa. Two large dams on the Lhasa River deliver hydroelectric power, as do many smaller dams and the Yangbajain Geothermal Station. The population is well-served by primary schools and basic medical facilities, although more advanced facilities are lacking. Tibetan Buddhism and monastic life have been dominant aspects of the local culture since the 7th century. Most of the monasteries were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, but since then many have been restored and serve as tourist attractions.


Luohe (Chinese: 漯河; pinyin: Luòhé; postal: Loho) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, China. It is surrounded by the cities of Xuchang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian and Pingdingshan on its north, east, south and west respectively.

Its population was 2,544,266 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,294,974 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yancheng, Shaoling and Yuanhui districts.


Nagqu (also Naqu or Nagchu; Tibetan: ནག་ཆུ།, Wylie: Nag-chu; Chinese: 那曲; literally: 'black river') is a prefecture-level city in the Chinese Autonomous region of Tibet. The former Nagqu Prefecture ceased to be as a separated prefecture, the prefecture-level city of Nagqu was approved to establish by the State Council on October 2, 2017 and officially established on May 7, 2018. Nagqu is the sixth prefecture-level city in Tibet after Lhasa, Shigatse, Chamdo, Nyingchi and Shannan, and it is also the prefecture-level city with the highest altitude.The prefecture-level city of Nagqu is located in the northeast of Tibet, it is bordered by Bayingolin and Hotan Prefectures of Xinjiang to the north, Haixi, Yushu Prefectures of Qinghai and Chamdo to the east, Nyingchi, Lhasa and Shigatse to the south, Ngari Prefecture to the west. it covers an area of 450,537 km2 (173,953 sq mi) with a population of 462,381 (as of 2010 census).

Nagqu Dagring Airport will be the world's highest altitude airport by 2011 at 4,436 m (14,554 ft) above sea level. Nagqu was chosen to host the largest logistics center in the plateau region, which began operations in August 2009. Nagqu is also on the Qinghai–Tibet railway line. It is expected to become the center of an economic hub in the plateau region. Nagqu has a population of 400,000.

Sanga Monastery

Sanga Monastery is a small Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the town of Dagzê in Dagzê County, Lhasa, Tibet.

Shijie, Guangdong

Shijie (Chinese: 石碣; pinyin: Shíjié) is a town under the jurisdiction of Dongguan prefecture-level city in Guangdong province, China, located to the north/northeast of downtown.

Shipai, Dongguan

Shipai (Chinese: 石排; pinyin: Shípái) is a town under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Dongguan in Guangdong province, China.


Shizuishan (Chinese: 石嘴山; pinyin: Shízuǐshān) is a prefecture-level city and is the northernmost and, by population, the second-largest (after the regional capital of Yinchuan) city in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and is bordered on all sides except the south by Inner Mongolia. It also sits on the western (left) bank of the Yellow River.

Sub-prefectural city

A sub-prefectural municipality (simplified Chinese: 副地级市; traditional Chinese: 副地級市; pinyin: fùdìjíshì), sub-prefectural city, or vice-prefectural municipality, is an unofficial designation for a type of administrative division of China. A sub-prefectural city is officially considered to be a county-level city, but it has more power de facto because the cadres assigned to its government are one half-level higher in rank than those of an "ordinary" county-level city—though still lower than those of a prefecture-level city.

While county-level cities are under the administrative jurisdiction of prefecture-level divisions, sub-prefectural cities are often (but not always) administered directly by the provincial government, with no intervening prefecture level administration.

Examples of sub-prefectural cities that does not belong to any prefecture: Jiyuan (Henan Province), Xiantao, Qianjiang and Tianmen (Hubei), Shihezi, Tumxuk, Aral, and Wujiaqu (Xinjiang).

Examples of sub-prefectural cities that nevertheless belong to a prefecture: Golmud (Haixi, Qinghai), Manzhouli (Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia).


Tongren (simplified Chinese: 铜仁; traditional Chinese: 銅仁; pinyin: Tóngrén) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, located within a tobacco planting and crop agricultural area. Tongren was known as Tongren Prefecture (铜仁地区) until November 2011, when it was converted into a prefecture-level city.


Xiangyang is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hubei province, China and the second largest city in Hubei by population. It was known as Xiangfan from 1950 to 2010. The Han River runs through Xiangyang's centre and divides the city north-south. The city itself is an agglomeration of two once separate cities: Fancheng and Xiangcheng (known as Xiangyang before 2010). What remains of old Xiangyang is located south of the Han River and contains one of the oldest still-intact city walls in China, while Fancheng is located to the north of the Han River. Both cities served prominent historical roles in both ancient and pre-modern Chinese history. Today, the city has been a target of government and private investment as the country seeks to urbanize and develop the interior provinces. In 2017, population of the prefecture-level city was 5.65 million, in which 3.37 million were urban residents.


Yichang (Chinese: 宜昌) is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District.

As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet.


Zaozhuang (simplified Chinese: 枣庄; traditional Chinese: 棗莊; pinyin: Zǎozhuāng) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. Since January 2019 (after the Laiwu prefecture got incorporated into Jinan prefecture), the smallest prefecture-level city in the province, it borders Jining to the west and north, Linyi to the east, and the province of Jiangsu to the south. Battle of Taierzhuang happened here during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938.

Archaeologists find evidence of human activities in this region since Neolithic. Its culture started from 7300 years ago of ancestor culture, and developed to city-state culture 4300 years ago, then evolved to canal culture 2700 years ago, and finally stepped to industrial culture 130 years ago.

Its population is 3,729,140 at the 2010 census whom 899,753 in the built-up area made of Shizhong and Yicheng districts.

Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinDìjíshì
Yue: Cantonese
Jyutpingdei6 kap1 si5


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.