Prayut Chan-o-cha (previously spelt Prayuth Chan-ocha; Thai: ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา; IPA: [prā.jút tɕān.ʔōː.tɕʰāː]; born 21 March 1954) is a Thai politician, retired Royal Thai Army general officer, head of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), and concurrently serves as the Prime Minister of Thailand. The council, which he appointed himself along with other junta members, has the power to name the prime minister and control prime ministerial positions.
Prayut is a former Commander in Chief of the Royal Thai Army, the post he held from October 2010 to October 2014. After his appointment as army chief, Prayut was characterised as a strong royalist and an opponent of former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Considered a hardliner within the military, he was one of the leading proponents of military crackdowns on the Red Shirt demonstrations of April 2009 and April–May 2010. He later sought to moderate his profile, talking to relatives of protesters who were killed in the bloody conflict, and co-operating with the government of Yingluck Shinawatra who won parliamentary elections in July 2011.
During the political crisis that began in November 2013 and involved protests against the caretaker government of Yingluck, Prayut claimed that the army was neutral, and would not launch a coup. However in May 2014, Prayut staged a military coup against the government and then assumed control of the country as NCPO leader. He later issued an interim constitution granting himself sweeping powers and giving himself amnesty for staging the coup. In August 2014, a military-dominated national legislature, whose members were handpicked by Prayut, non-democratically appointed him Prime Minister.
After seizing power, Prayut deemed it necessary to crackdown on dissent for the sake of public order. He introduced the “twelve values” that he formulated based on traditional Thai values and suggested that these values be included in school lessons. Certain measures were implemented to limit public discussions about democracy and criticism of the government that might instigate further hatred and conflict.
|Prime Minister of Thailand|
|Assumed office |
24 August 2014
|Deputy||Prawit Wongsuwan |
|Preceded by||Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan (Acting)|
|Head of the National Council for Peace and Order|
|Assumed office |
22 May 2014
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Commander in Chief of the Royal Thai Army|
1 May 2010 – 30 September 2014
|Prime Minister||Abhisit Vejjajiva |
|Preceded by||Anupong Paochinda|
|Succeeded by||Udomdej Sitabutr|
|Born||21 March 1954|
Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Alma mater||National Defence College|
Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy
|Net worth||US$4.06 Million (2014)|
|Service/branch||Royal Thai Army|
|Years of service||1972–2014|
Prayut studied at the Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School (AFAPS) Class 12, Command and General Staff College (CGSC) Class 63, the National Defence College of Thailand (NDC) 5020, and attended Infantry Officer Basic Course Class 51 and Infantry Officer Advanced Course, Class 38. He graduated with a bachelor of science degree from Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy.
Like his direct predecessor, Anupong Paochinda, and former defence minister Prawit Wongsuwan, Prayut is a member of the army's "eastern tigers" faction. Most of them, like Prayut, began their military careers in the 2nd Infantry Division, headquartered in eastern Thailand, particularly in the 21st Infantry Regiment (Queen's Guards).
After graduating from the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, Prayut served in the 21st Infantry Regiment, which is granted Royal Guards status as the Queen's Guards (Thai: ทหารเสือราชินี; lit. Queen's Musketeer). In 2002, he served as a deputy commanding general in the 2nd Infantry Division, becoming its commanding general one year later. In 2005, he became a deputy commanding general of the 1st Army, which includes the 2nd Infantry Division, and again became its commanding general within a year.
Prayut was the chief of staff of the Royal Thai Army from 2008 to 2009, and in 2009 he was appointed honorary adjutant to the king. In 2010, he succeeded Anupong Paochinda as commander in chief.
After the 2006 Thai coup d'état, Prayut was appointed to the National Legislative Assembly. In this capacity, he joined the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources. Prayut sits on the executive boards of a number of companies including a state electricity utility company, the Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA). From 2007 to 2010 he was independent director at Thai Oil Public Co, Ltd. Since 7 October 2010 he has been a director of Thai Military Bank and chairman of the Army United Football Club.
In May 2013, Prayut sold nine plots of land in a Bangkok suburb to a company called 69 Property for 600 million baht. Reporters subsequently asked him about the land sale, and the prime minister's position was that the media had no business questioning him on the matter. "The land has belonged to me since I was a kid, it belonged to my father. So what's the problem?" Gen Prayut said. "Please stop criticising me already."
In his mandatory 4 September 2014 asset disclosure to the National Anti-Corruption Commission, the prime minister listed 128.6 million baht (US$3.9 million) in assets and 654,745 baht (US$20,000) in liabilities. His assets included a Mercedes Benz S600L, a BMW 740Li series sedan, three additional vehicles, nine luxury watches valued at three million baht, US$200,000 in jewellery, and several pistols. He also reported the transfer of 466.5 million baht (US$14.3 million) to other family members. As army chief, prior to his retirement at the end of September, the general received a 1.4 million baht (US$43,000) annual salary.
Since taking power in 2014, Prayut has appeared on a weekly television program called "Sustainable Development from a Royal Philosophy".
Following the 2013–2014 Thai political crisis, Prayut attempted to bring the rival parties to an agreement. When that failed, he staged a coup against the caretaker government of Yingluck Shinawatra on 22 May 2014. Yingluck herself had been removed from office earlier by the Constitutional Court, and Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan was acting in her place. After the ((coup)), Prayut repealed the 2007 constitution and established the NCPO to govern the nation, with himself as its head. Prayut quickly cracked down on dissent. He put in place controls over the media, imposed Internet censorship, declared a curfew nationwide, which was later lifted within 3 weeks, banned gatherings of five or more persons, and arrested both politicians and anti-coup activists for rhetoric that the authorities considered to go beyond the right of free speech. Some of them were charged with sedition and tried in military courts. The government emphasized that Thailand needed to find a balance between freedom of expression and protecting the interests of the society. It was felt that the right to freedom of expression should not disrupt public order or infringe upon others’ rights.
On 22 July 2014, Prayut issued an interim constitution granting himself amnesty for leading the coup and investing himself with complete control. On 31 July 2014, a national legislature was established according to the constitution. However, the legislators, mostly senior military and police officers, were handpicked by Prayut and included Prayut's younger brother. The legislature, which mostly consisted of Prayut's close associates, later unanimously voted Prayut the new prime minister. The formal appointment was made on 24 August 2014. As a result, Prayut held three positions at the same time: army chief, NCPO leader, and prime minister, before retiring from the army chief post in October 2014.
Although Prayut claimed the coup was needed to combat corruption, some members of his own cabinet and members of the appointed national legislature, including his brother Preecha Chan-o-cha and Minister to the Office of the Prime Minister M.L. Panadda Diskul, have themselves been beset by various corruption scandals. However, the Office of the Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission concluded that M.L. Panadda Diskul was not involved in the alleged case. Prayut then prohibited any criticism of his government. In February 2015 he explained, "If people want to do opinion polls, they are free to do so. But if the polls oppose the NCPO, that is not allowed."
In his role as head of the NCPO and the government, General Prayut was granted a salary of 125,590 baht (US$3,520) per month. Each of the other NCPO members was granted salaries of 119,920 baht (US$3,362) per month. These salaries are in addition to the benefits they are already entitled to receive by virtue of their posts in the armed forces.
On 30 May 2014, Prayut gave his first of a series of Friday night speeches on national television. Preempting normal broadcasting, including Thai soap operas, Prayut sometimes spoke for more than an hour, explaining governmental policies, warning the media to cease spreading dissenting views, and complaining that people weren't minding him. "Sometimes I feel a bit slighted. I am not sure whether you have heard me or listened to the information that we have sent out", he once said. In March 2015, Prayut announced that his Friday night addresses would be shortened to 20 or 30 minutes and would include his ministers speaking for themselves. "I'm tired of speaking for hours," he said. "So from now on, I will reduce the duration of my 'Returning Happiness to People' speech ever [sic] Friday and will have my ministers who oversee each topic to speak in the programme."
On 31 March 2015, Prayut announced that he had taken the required step of asking the king's permission to revoke martial law, which had been in place since the coup of May 2014, to be replaced with Article 44 of the interim constitution. Article 44 authorises the junta chairman to issue "any order to suppress" any act that "undermines public peace and order or national security, the monarchy, national economics, or the administration of state affairs, whether that act emerges inside or outside the Kingdom." The Bangkok Post commented, "The section has no constraint, no oversight, no checks or balances, and no retribution. It says forthrightly that anything done by the NCPO chief is 'legal, constitutional and conclusive'". "Article 44 essentially means Prayut is the law...It needs to be added that the junta leader can also insist on staying on in absolute power indefinitely". Prayut told reporters that he would not use Article 44 to violate the civil rights of anyone who is innocent. "If you didn't do anything wrong, why are [you] worried?" he snapped in response to a question. According to Article 44, the prime minister is not required to inform the government before issuing an order, but must notify the interim parliament "without delay". In August 2016, Article 44 was used to suspend Sukhambhand Paribatra, the governor of Bangkok, after irregularities made by the Office of the Auditor-General (OAG).
In February 2015, Prayut declared he had the power to forcefully close media outlets. In March, when asked how the government would deal with journalists who did not adhere to the government's laws, he replied jokingly, "We'll probably just execute them. You don't have to support the government, but you should report the truth." He told reporters to write in a way that bolsters national reconciliation in the kingdom. His remarks were promptly condemned by the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ).
The prime minister has claimed that Thailand's economic slowdown is not attributable to his government, but is due to the world economic situation. He stated his goal of moving Thailand from a middle income economy to a high income economy through the Thailand 4.0 development initiative that aims to transform the country’s economy towards becoming more value-based and innovation driven. Its flagship project is the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC) in the eastern part of Thailand where promotional zones were designated to attract foreign investment in new industries such as aviation, medical care and renewable energy. In a speech before the Federation of Thai Industries, Prayut supported providing more aid to farmers, increasing the sale of Thai rubber to China, and completing a potash mining project to cut farmers' cost of fertiliser. He also encouraged manufacturers to cut packaging costs, particularly "beautiful packaging".
In his nationwide address of 27 March 2015, the prime minister focused on the Thai fishing industry and its reliance on forced labour. Gen Prayut said that his government had elevated the fight against human trafficking to the top of the national agenda, the same as drug suppression, saying it has long tarnished the country's image. He blamed worsening human trafficking, particularly in the fishing industry, on inaction or ignorance by the previous government, toppled in his 22 May coup. Prayut vowed to put fishing operators out of business if they are found to violate laws and abuse workers in ways that jeopardise Thai exports worth hundreds of billions of baht a year. Thailand is facing international bans of its fisheries products. These bans could be extended to other Thai exports like rice or rubber. "The people who do wrong in this area must repent. They have done this for a long time, for many years, and past administrations were never able to cope", he said.
Buddhism in Thailand came under significantly higher state control during Prayut's premiership. Following the coup, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) set up a National Reform Council with a religious committee led by former Thai senator Paiboon Nititawan and former monk Mano Laohavanich. The calls for reform were led by one of Prayut's close allies, activist monk Phra Buddha Issara, known for leading the violent protests in Bangkok that led to the coup.
State influence over several aspects of Thai Buddhism increased under Prayut's government. During this time, the ruling junta proposed requiring temples to open their finances to the public and requiring monks to carry smart cards to identify their legal and religious backgrounds. The measures were aimed at increasing transparency and efficiency in the management of temples and registration of monks, and were endorsed by the Sangha Supreme Council. The new constitution promulgated in 2017 indicates that the state shall support Buddhism and other religions as well as in disseminating the teachings of Theravada Buddhism.
In 2016, Prayut stalled a decision by the Sangha Supreme Council by refusing to submit the nomination for Supreme Patriarch of Somdet Chuang, a Maha Nikaya monk who was next in line for the position. The appointment was stalled until a law passed that allowed the Thai government to bypass the Sangha Supreme Council and appoint the Supreme Patriarch directly. This led to the appointment of a monk from the Dhammayuttika Nikaya instead by King Rama X, who chose the name out of one of five given to him by Prayut.
In 2017, Prayut used article 44 to replace the head of the National Office of Buddhism with a Department of Special Investigation (DSI) official. However, in August 2017, Prayut removed him from the post after religious groups called on the government to fire him because of his reform plans, which were viewed as damaging the image of monks. Phra Buddha Issara said the junta gave in to pressure too easily given government promises to fight corruption.
In May 2018, the NCPO launched simultaneous raids of four different temples to arrest several monks shortly after a crackdown on protesters on the anniversary of the coup. To the surprise of many officials, one of the monks arrested was Phra Buddha Issara, known for his ties to Prayut. The right-wing monk was arrested for charges brought against him in 2014, including alleged robbery and detaining officials, however, his most serious charge was a charge of unauthorized use of the royal seal filed in 2017. Police did not state why he was just then being arrested for charges filed as far back as four years ago, one activist stated he believed it was because of an order from an undisclosed influential figure. Former Senator Paiboon, who led the NCPO's tightening control of Buddhism, also expressed surprise at the arrest. All of the monks arrested in the May raids were defrocked shortly after being taken into custody, and detained before trial.[note 1]
In the aftermath of the 2014 coup, Prayut wrote a song called Return Happiness to Thailand, which is widely played on state radio and television stations. The song communicates that the Thai people has not been happy as a result of the political crisis, and that the junta has come to return happiness to the people.
As a New Year 2016 gift to the Thai people, General Prayut announced that he had written a new song to boost the country's morale. "I wrote it as a personal New Year present for the people," Gen. Prayut said. "In the lyrics, it doesn't only mean me, but it means the media, too, because everyone is united and I have to please them. I use my every breath to help this country move forward." The song, Because You Are Thailand, sung by Sergeant-Major Pongsathorn Porjit, includes the lyrics, "The day we hope for is not far away" and "Because you are Thailand, you will not let anyone destroy you."
Just ahead of Valentine's Day 2018, lyricist Prayut released a new song, Diamond Heart. The lyrics urge his lover, presumably Thailand, to "...build our hearts dream together...." The song was sung by Sergeant Major 1st Class Pongsathorn Porjit with vocal arrangement by Major Thanyawapisit Jirakittipasukul under the creative direction of Major General Kissada Sarika.
In January 2019, ahead of the general election, Prayut released his 7th song, titled "In Memory." The song starts with the singer recounting past memories of conflict, alluding to the Thai political unrest before the coup. The singer goes on to say that reconciliation has been difficult but he will never forget the heartbreaking past. Next, the singer urges the listener to think and make decisions carefully in the journey ahead, otherwise the traumatic events of the past will repeat themselves. The chorus ends with the singer asking the listener to "hold [his] hand and proceed onward together."
Prayut has expressed his desire to continue serving as prime minister after the election. While he is not a member of any political party or campaigning in any official capacity, many journalists and commentators believe Prayut intends to stay in power using the changes in the new constitution.
Under the 2017 constitution, the senate will be appointed by the NCPO and will select the prime minister alongside the House of Representatives. Political parties will be able to nominate anyone as their prime minister candidate, including non-party members. Many believe Prayut plans to be selected as Prime Minister with votes from 250 senators and MPs from pro-junta parties, namely the Phalang Pracharat Party, which has close ties to the junta and is led my Prayut's cabinet ministers.
Prayut has been described as paranoid and volatile. The Guardian has said that, "He has presided over a repressive political and media climate, an under-performing economy, a gerrymandered constitution entrenching military control, and an upsurge in violence among the disadvantaged Muslim minority in the impoverished south."
Following the deaths of British tourists David Miller and Hannah Witheridge, Prayut questioned what they, and other tourists who have been killed in Koh Tao recently, were wearing at the time. He said, “They think our country is beautiful and safe and they can do whatever they want, wear bikinis wherever they like. I’m asking, if they wear bikinis in Thailand, will they be safe? Only if they are not beautiful.” This is viewed as an example of victim blaming. He later admitted during his weekly television program that his words were harsh but had the intention to encourage tourists to be more cautious when they are in certain places especially at night. He expressed his sympathy to the family of the victims and also apologized.
Prayut's nickname is "Tuu" (Thai: ตู่; RTGS: Tu),. He married to Naraporn Chan-o-cha, a former associate professor at Chulalongkorn University's Language Institute. She has served as president of the Army Wives' Association since Prayut's selection as army chief in 2010, and is involved with distance learning organisations, for whom she teaches English on a long-distance learning television channel. She claimed to have told her husband to cool down when speaking to the media. Moreover she told reporters that she was "looking after" her husband, taking responsibility for his clothes, makeup and haircut. According to her, Prayut was dressed "in the English style", wore shoes by Church's and suits tailored at "Broadway".
In September 2014, Time magazine reported that he had become "increasingly eccentric" and "highly superstitious" since taking power. Prayut has stated publicly that he consults a fortune teller, Warin Buawiratlert, regularly. He said there was no harm in seeking advice. When suffering from fever and aches early in his premiership, he blamed his ills on spells cast by his political enemies and combated the malady with holy water.
According to the Bangkok Post, Prayut has a collection of lucky rings which he varies daily in accordance with that day's activities. He also wears an elephant hair bracelet to ward off bad luck. He has revived the wearing of the traditionally inspired phraratchathan, first popularised by Prem Tinsulanonda in the 1980s, and has instructed cabinet members to dress in the phraratchathan at meetings, rather than in Western suits.
On Friday evenings in Thailand, sandwiched between the evening news and a popular soap opera, is a prime-time program that has been running for three years, or ever since the military took power in a May 22, 2014 coup. Called "Sustainable Development from a Royal Philosophy" it stars junta leader and former army chief Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha speaking on a range of topics, from the virtues of modesty to the state of the economy.
| Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army
| Prime Minister of Thailand
General elections are expected in Thailand between 24 February and 9 May 2019. Under the 2017 constitution, elections must be held within 150 days after the relevant electoral law came into effect on 10 December 2018. The date will be set by the Election Commission after the government publishes a royal decree formally announcing the election.
Earlier, the Bangkok Post had predicted that the likelihood of elections being held in November 2018, the date previously promised, was "increasingly remote". Civil rights, including the right to vote, were suspended indefinitely following the military coup in May 2014.The military government in 2014 promised to hold elections in 2015, but later postponed them. Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha told the United Nation's General Assembly in September 2016 that elections would be held by late–2017. Then, during a 2017 visit to the White House, Prayut promised elections in 2018. In October 2017, he promised elections for November 2018. However, in January 2018, the enforcement of a bill governing the election of MPs was postponed by the National Legislative Assembly for 90 days, which delays elections until February–March 2019. The bill is one of four needed to hold a general election. The constitution mandates that elections be held within 150 days after all necessary electoral laws take effect. Delayed enforcement of any of the laws pushes back the election.According to The Standard, the government has postponed elections at least five times over the past five years. The latest given date for elections is sometime in March.The NCPO's frequent delays of a general election prompted a Bangkok Post writer to observe that, "...[the regime is] up to what everyone had figured out a year or more ago—perpetual rule with Gen Prayut at the head of it all."Burapha University
Burapha University (BUU) (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยบูรพา) is one of Thailand's public universities. It is in the coastal town of Saen Suk, near the beach of Bangsaen in Chonburi Province. It was established on 8 July 1955, originating from Bangsaen Educational College which was the first regional tertiary educational institute. The university offers degrees in more than 50 programs of study, including 75 master's programs, three EdD programs, and 22 PhD programs.
Burapha University has three campuses:
Burapha University, Chonburi Campus, Mueang District, Chonburi Province established in 1955.
Burapha University, Chanthaburi Campus, Ta-Mai District, Chanthaburi Province established in 1996.
Burapha University, Sakaeo Campus, Wattana Nakorn District, Sa Kaeo Province established in 1997.The university colors are gray and gold. Gray represents the progress of intellectual knowledge. Gold represents morality. The colors represent University's commitment to the intellectual knowledge and morality.In September 2016, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha invoked Section 44 of the interim charter allowing him to form a special panel to take over administration of the university as it was judged to be incapable of administering itself.Headache Stencil
Headache Stencil is a pseudonymous Thailand-born street artist and political activist. Dubbed Thailand's version of the British graffiti artist Banksy, Headache catapulted to fame in January 2018 with his graffiti of the Thai junta No. 2 Prawit Wongsuwan's face inside an alarm clock, a jab at the lack of financial transparency by the generals, who was struggling to explain his collection of undeclared luxury watches. In March 2018, he was in the spotlight for his graffiti of a black panther crying tears of blood, a reference to the case of a Thai construction magnate who was later charged with poaching one of the protected cats during an illegal safari hunt in a national park. In September 2018, he depicted Thai junta chief Prayut Chan-o-cha as "a lucky cat" with a paw raised to rake in money.His nickname "Headache" alludes to the pain he hopes to inflict on the mighty.Iran–Thailand relations
Iran–Thailand relations refer to the bilateral relations between Iran and Thailand. Iran has an embassy in Bangkok while Thailand has an embassy in Tehran.Kai Maew
Kai Maew (Thai: ไข่แมว, also spelled Khai Maew, RTGS: Khai Maeo, meaning "cat egg") is a Thai satirical webcomic, published from 2016 to 2018 on its Facebook page, which used the alias cartooneggcat. The cartoon satirized Thai politics and current events, especially the military government that came to power in the 2014 Thai coup d'état. Launched in April 2016, it gained 330,000 "likes" over its first year, and had over 450,000 likes and followers when it was abruptly taken down on 18 January 2018.
Kai Maew was one of a handful of outlets producing humour content critical of the junta amidst an atmosphere of political repression. In 2017, Reuters described the page as being at the forefront of the trend, and it was named "Facebook page of the year" in an online vote organized by the political news site Prachatai.Kai Maew's cartoons are wordless, using a number of distinctive caricatures to poke fun at various political personalities. These include regularly appearing figures such as junta leader/prime minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha and former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, as well as rotating figures from the news such as student-activist Netiwit Chotiphatphaisal and fugitive Red Bull heir Vorayuth Yoovidhya. One of its long-running gags was Jack Maew (the name given to Thaksin's caricature) being the one pulling the strings behind everything.The comic's creator, who worked anonymously, has said in interviews that he took inspiration from the work of Spanish cartoonist Joan Cornellà. Despite the nature of his work, he admitted to self-censorship on some topics due to fears of prosecution, and noted that Facebook has deleted some of his posts in response to user reports, despite them not violating any rules.
On 18 January 2018, Kai Maew's Facebook page abruptly became unavailable. It was unclear what the cause of the disappearance was. The comics later resumed on 16 February at a different Facebook page, Kai Maew X (alias cartooneggcatx).List of Prime Ministers of Thailand
The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.
The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.
Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.
Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.
Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai GovernmentList of ambassadors of Thailand to Brazil
The Thai Ambassador in Brasília is the official representative of the Government in Bangkok to the Government of Brazil.List of ambassadors of Thailand to China
The Thai Ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the Government in Bangkok to the Government of China.List of ambassadors of Thailand to Switzerland
The Thai Ambassador in Bern is the official representative of the Government in Bangkok to the Government of Switzerland, the Holy See and Liechtenstein.National Legislative Assembly of Thailand (2014)
The National Legislative Assembly of Thailand (Thai: สภานิติบัญญัติแห่งชาติ; RTGS: Sapha Nitibanyat Haeng Chat; abrv: NLA) was the unicameral legislative branch of the government of Thailand.
The NLA was established after the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), the current military junta, ratified the 2014 constitution, thus making the NLA the only parliamentary body of Thailand for the period of military rule.The NLA was created to replace the elected National Assembly of Thailand (NAT) after General Prayut Chan-o-cha seized power from the civilian caretaker government during the 2013-2014 Thai political crisis. Alongside the NLA, there is another body established by the NCPO to implement political and social reforms, the National Reform Steering Assembly, which replaced the National Reform Council. The NLA was heavily influenced by NCPO. Thus, it functioned as a rubber stamp for the junta rather than the actual legislative body.After the promulgation of the 2017 Constitution, the NAT was reestablished and the NLA was dissolved, albeit pending elections whose date remains uncertain. Therefore, the NLA continues to function.People's Reform Party (Thailand)
People's Reform Party (Thai: พรรคประชาชนปฏิรูป) is a political party in Thailand. The party was established and registered at the Electoral Commission on 2 March, 2018, by Paiboon Nititawan. People's Reform Party stance to support military junta head General Prayut Chan-o-cha to be the outsider prime minister after the general election in 2019.Phalang Pracharat Party
Phalang Pracharat Party (Thai: พรรคพลังประชารัฐ RTGS: Phak Phalang Pracharat, alternatively spelled Palang Pracharat or Palangpracharath; English "People's State Power Party") is a Thai pro-military and conservative political party established in 2018 by Chuan Chuchan (Thai: ชวน ชูจันทร์) and Suchart Jantarachotikul (Thai: พันเอกสุชาติ จันทรโชติกุล).Phalang Pracharat supports Prayut Chan-o-cha, who has ruled the country as the head of the military junta since the 2014 coup d'état, in the upcoming election. While there are multiple parties that support Prayut, the party is seen as the "official pro-junta party" or "pro-Prayut party" because many party leaders are also junta cabinet members and advisors. Additionally, the party's name, Phalang Pracharat, is the same as the ruling junta's key policy initiative.The party's leadership includes current cabinet ministers Uttama Savanayana, Sontirat Sontijirawong, Suvit Maesincee, and Kobsak Pootrakool.
Co-founder Suchart Jantarachotikul is a retired army colonel who was a classmate of Prayut Chan-o-cha at the Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School, shortly served as a member of parliament of the New Aspiration Party representing Songkhla Province in 1992 and was a member of the junta-appointed National Reform Steering Assembly from 2015 to 2017.The party is supported by the Sam Mitr ("Three Friends" or "Three Allies") group of former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra's cabinet ministers: Somsak Thepsuthin, Suriya Jungrungreangkit, and current deputy prime minister Somkid Jatusripitak. The group has tried to win over former members of parliament from the pro-Thaksin Pheu Thai Party (and its predecessors Thai Rak Thai and People's Power Party), the Red Shirts movement, as well as the Democrat Party. In November 2018, the Sam Mitr group and over 150 former members of parliament formally joined Phalang Pracharat.Since its founding, the party has been widely criticized for its leaders' close relationship to the junta and alleged abuse of their cabinet positions to fundraise and campaign for Phalang Pracharat.Prime Minister of Thailand
The Prime Minister (Thai: นายกรัฐมนตรี; RTGS: Nayok Ratthamontri; IPA: [naː.jók rát.tʰà.mon.triː]) of Thailand is the head of government of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chair of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post has existed since the Revolution of 1932, when the country became a constitutional monarchy.
Prior to the coup d'état, the prime minister is nominated by a vote in the Thai House of Representatives by a simple majority, and is then appointed and sworn-in by the King of Thailand. The house's selection is usually based on the fact that either the prime minister is the leader of the largest political party in the lower house or the leader of the largest coalition of parties. In accordance with the constitution, the prime minister can only be appointed twice and is therefore limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms. The post of Prime Minister is currently held by Retired General Prayut Chan-o-cha, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.Rajamangala University of Technology
Rajamangala University of Technology (Thai มหาวิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีราชมงคล), (RMUT), is a system of nine universities in Thailand providing undergraduate and graduate level education. It was elevated to university status in 2005. Before that it was known as Rajamangala Institute of Technology (สถาบันเทคโนโลยีราชมงคล).
In September 2016, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha invoked Section 44 of the interim charter allowing him to form a special panel to take over administration of Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-ok as it was judged to be incapable of administering itself.Samrong BTS station
Samrong (Thai: สำโรง) is a BTS Skytrain station, on the Sukhumvit Line in Samut Prakan, Thailand.
Trial operation began in March 2017, and the station was officially opened by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on 3 April 2017, with passengers able to ride the extension for free for a month beginning on 4 April 2017. It was the eastern terminus of the line, until the opening of the other stations of the Sukhumvit Line Extension (East) on 6 December 2018. In future it will connect to the MRT Yellow Line. It is one of only two BTS stations to have island platforms, with the other being Siam.Sontaya Kunplome
Sontaya Kunplome (Thai: สนธยา คุณปลื้ม, RTGS: Sonthaya Khunpluem; born 10 December 1963) is a Thai politician. He is the son of Somchai Khunpluem ("Kamnan Poh"). From 2001 to 2002, Sontaya was Minister of Science and Technology, and from 2002 to 2005 Minister of Tourism and Sports under Thaksin Shinawatra. As an executive member of the Thai Rak Thai Party, he has been banned from politics for five years since the Supreme Tribunal dissolved the party in May 2007. Since 2011, he is the chief adviser and de facto leader of the Phalang Chon Party. Sontaya is married to Sukumol Kunplome who has been culture minister in Yingluck Shinawatra's cabinet since 2011. Sontaya took over this position in November 2012. He was appointed political advisor to Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha in April 2018. Later in September 2018, he was appointed Pattaya Mayor.Sukhumbhand Paribatra
Mom Rajawongse Sukhumbhand Paribatra (Thai: ม.ร.ว.สุขุมพันธุ์ บริพัตร; RTGS: Sukhumphan Boriphat, Thai pronunciation: [sùʔkʰǔmpʰan bɔːríʔpʰát]; born 22 September 1952) is a Thai politician belonging to the Democrat Party. From 2009-2016 he was the Governor of Bangkok. He was removed from the post in October 2016 by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha who used Section 44 of the interim charter to remove the elected official. The reason given for his ouster was "...because he was involved in many legal cases." He was replaced by Police General Aswin Kwanmuang.Thanasak Patimaprakorn
Thanasak Patimaprakorn is the former deputy prime minister and former foreign minister of Thailand. He was appointed by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on September 1, 2014 and previously served as Thailand's chief of defense forces.Wissanu Krea-ngam
Wissanu Krea-ngam (Thai: วิษณุ เครืองาม, RTGS: Witsanu Khruea-ngam, pronounced [wít.sā.núʔ kʰrɯ̄a̯.ŋāːm]; born 15 September 1951) is a Thai jurist, civil servant, and politician. He was the secretary-general of the cabinet from 1993 to 2002 and deputy prime minister under Thaksin Shinawatra from 2002 to 2006. After the 2014 Thai coup d'état, he served as an advisor to the military junta (National Council for Peace and Order, NCPO) responsible for drafting the post-coup 2014 interim constitution. Since August 2014, he has again been deputy prime minister under General Prayut Chan-o-cha.