Pousargues's mongoose

The Pousargues's mongoose (Dologale dybowskii), also known as the African tropical savannah mongoose, is a mongoose native to Central Africa. It is listed as data deficient on the IUCN Red List as little is known about its distribution and ecology.[1]

Up to the late 20th century, it was known from only around 30 zoological specimens in natural history museum collections.[2]

Pousargues's mongoose
Dologale Dybowskii - Chinko Project Area - 20120516
Wild Pousargues's mongoose in the Chinko Project Area
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Genus:
Dologale

Thomas, 1920
Species:
D. dybowskii
Binomial name
Dologale dybowskii
Pousargues' Mongoose area
Pousargues's mongoose range

Characteristics

Crossarchus dybowskii (Pousargues, 1893) - illustration originale
Original drawing of Dologale dybowskii associated with the species description

The Pousargues's mongoose is brown with a grey belly and face. Its tail is bushy, and its front feet have strong claws. Its body length is between 25 and 33 cm (10 and 13 in) with a 16–23 cm (6.5–9 in) long tail.[2]

Taxonomy

In 1893, Eugène de Pousargues first described the Pousargues's mongoose on the basis of zoological specimens collected in 1892 near the Kémo River. The type locality corresponds to the former French garrison founded by the Dybowski Mission close to the settlement of Fort de Possel. It is named in honor of Jean Dybowski who collected the specimens. It was initially subordinated to the genus Crossarchus.[3][4]

It is the only species in the genus Dologale.[2]

A genetic study focused on Carnivora highlighted the Pousargues’s mongoose to be the sister-species of the genus Helogale.[5]

Distribution and habitat

The Pousargues’s mongoose ranges from northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Central African Republic to western Uganda.[2]

Mongooses sighted and recorded by a camera-trap in 2011 and 2012 in the Central African Republic were preliminarily identified as Pousargues's mongoose.[6]

In 2013, a group of Pousargues's mongooses was observed near Lake Albert in Uganda’s Semliki Wildlife Reserve.[7] In 2016, an individual was observed and photographed in Garamba National Park.[8]

Conservation

Field research for the collection of basic data on its ecology is indispensable for designing adequate conservation measures.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Aebischer, T.; Hickisch, R.; Woolgar, J. & Do Linh San, E. (2015). "Dologale dybowskii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T41598A45205821. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T41598A45205821.en. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Schreiber, A., Wirth, R., Riffel, M. and Van Rompaey, H. (1989). "Pousargues' mongoose (Dologale dybowskii)". Weasels, civets, mongooses, and their relatives. An Action Plan for the conservation of mustelids and viverrids (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN / SSC Mustelid and Viverrid Specialist Group. p. 59.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ de Pousargues, Eugène (1894). "Description d'une nouvelle espèce de mammifère du genre Crossarchus et considérations sur la répartition géographique des crossarques rayés". Nouvelles archives du Muséum d'histoire naturelle. 3. 6: 121–134.
  4. ^ de Pousargues, E. (1896). "Crossarchus dybowskii". Etude sur les mammifères du Congo français. 3 (in French). 8. Paris: Annales des sciences naturelles. Zoologie et paléontologie. p. 318.
  5. ^ Nyakatura, K.; Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. (2012). "Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates". BMC Biology. 10: 12. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-10-12. ISSN 1741-7007.
  6. ^ Aebischer, T., Hickisch, R., Klimek, M. and Parkison, A. 2013 (2013). "Probable records of Pousargues's Mongoose Dologale dybowskii in the Chinko/Mbari drainage basin, Central African Republic". Small Carnivore Conservation (48): 101–103.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Woolgar, J. (2014). "A confirmed sighting of Pousargues's Mongoose Dologale dybowskii" (PDF). Small Carnivore Conservation (51): 1–3.
  8. ^ D’haen, M. (2017). "A confirmed sighting of Pousargues's Mongoose Dologale dybowskii in Garamba National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo". Small Carnivore Conservation (55): 69–72.
Arctocephalus

The genus Arctocephalus consists of fur seals. Arctocephalus translates to "bear head."

Asiatic linsang

The Asiatic linsang (Prionodon) is a genus comprising two species native to Southeast Asia: the banded linsang (Prionodon linsang) and the spotted linsang (Prionodon pardicolor). Prionodon is considered a sister taxon of the Felidae.

Bengal mongoose

The Bengal mongoose (Herpestes javanicus palustris) is a subspecies of the small Asian mongoose. It is also known as the marsh mongoose, not to be confused with Atilax paludinosus, which is also called the marsh mongoose. Other synonyms include Indian marsh mongoose and Bengali water mongoose.

Crossarchus

Crossarchus is a genus of mongoose, commonly referred to as kusimanse (often cusimanse), mangue, or dwarf mongoose. Of three subfamilies of Herpestidae (Herpestinae, Mungotinae and Galidiinae), dwarf mongooses belong to Herpestinae or Mungotinae, which are small, highly social mongooses.

Eugène de Pousargues

Eugène de Pousargues (21 October 1859 – 24 January 1901) was a French zoologist born in Saint-Omer (Pas-de-Calais).

From 1885 he was an assistant to Alphonse Milne-Edwards (1835–1900), and served as préparateur at the Laboratoire de Mammalogie of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. He died of septicaemia contacted when performing a dissection.

He was the author of a treatise on mammals from the French Congo titled "Étude sur les mammifères du Congo français" (1897), and with Milne-Edwards, he was co-author of "Le rhinopithèque de la vallée du Haut Mékong (rhinopithecus bieti, A. M.-E.)", (The snub-nosed monkey from the valley of the Upper Mekong River; 1898). He also published scientific papers on Thorold's deer, the black-footed mongoose and on new gibbon and guenon species.An African carnivore known as Pousargues's mongoose, Dologale dybowskii (Pousargues, 1893), is named after him.

Eupleres

Eupleres is a genus of two species of mongoose-like euplerid mammal native to Madagascar. They are primarily terrestrial and consume mainly invertebrates.

Ferret-badger

Ferret-badgers are the five species of the genus Melogale, which is the only genus of the monotypic mustelid subfamily Helictidinae.

Bornean ferret-badger (Melogale everetti)

Chinese ferret-badger (Melogale moschata)

Javan ferret-badger (Melogale orientalis)

Burmese ferret-badger (Melogale personata)

Vietnam ferret-badger (Melogale cucphuongensis)

Galerella

Galerella is a genus of the mongoose family (Herpestidae) native to Africa and commonly called the slender mongooses.There are four or five species in this genus, with more than 30 subspecies.

Four of the species have long been established:

A recent addition is the black mongoose, Galerella nigrata, which now is considered a separate species by many scientists, following genetic analysis. It was previously seen as a variant of Galerella sanguinea.

Lutrogale

Lutrogale is a genus of otters, with only one extant species—the smooth-coated otter.

Mephitis (genus)

The genus Mephitis is one of several genera of skunks, which has two species and a North American distribution.

Mongoose

Mongoose is the popular English name for 29 of the 34 species in the 14 genera of the family Herpestidae, which are small feliform carnivorans native to southern Eurasia and mainland Africa. The other five species (all African) in the family are the four kusimanses in the genus Crossarchus, and the species Suricata suricatta, commonly called meerkat in English.

Six species in the family Eupleridae are endemic to the island of Madagascar. These are called "mongoose" and were originally classified as a genus within the family Herpestidae, but genetic evidence has since shown that they are more closely related to other Madagascar carnivorans in the family Eupleridae; they have been classified in the subfamily Galidiinae within Eupleridae since 2006.

Herpestidae is placed within the suborder Feliformia, together with the cat, hyena, and Viverridae families.

Mustelinae

Mustelinae is a subfamily of family Mustelidae, which includes weasels, ferrets amd minks.It was formerly defined in a paraphyletic manner to also include wolverines, martens, and many other mustelids, to the exclusion of the otters (Lutrinae).

Namaqua slender mongoose

The Namaqua slender mongoose (Galerella sanguinea swalius), also known as the Namibian slender mongoose, is a subspecies of the slender mongoose. It is endemic to Namibia.

Narrow-striped mongoose

The narrow-striped mongoose (Mungotictis decemlineata) is a member of the family Eupleridae, subfamily Galidiinae and endemic to Madagascar. It inhabits the Madagascar dry deciduous forests of western and southwestern Madagascar, where it lives from sea level to about 125 m (410 ft) between the Tsiribihina and Mangoky rivers. In Malagasy it is called bokiboky (pronounced "Boo-ky Boo-ky").

Nyctereutes

Nyctereutes is an Old World genus of the family Canidae, consisting of just one living species, the raccoon dog of East Asia. Nyctereutes appeared about 9.0 million years ago (Mya), with all but one species becoming extinct before the Pleistocene.

Native to East Asia, the raccoon dog has been intensively bred for fur in Europe and especially in Russia during the twentieth century. Specimens have escaped or have been introduced to increase production and formed populations in Eastern Europe. It is currently expanding rapidly in the rest of Europe, where its presence is undesirable because it is considered to be a harmful and invasive species.

Patagonian weasel

The Patagonian weasel (Lyncodon patagonicus) is a small mustelid that is the only member of the genus Lyncodon. Its geographic range is the Pampas of western Argentina and sections of Chile. An early mention of the animal is in the Journal of Syms Covington, who sailed with Charles Darwin on his epic voyage aboard HMS Beagle.

Pusa

Pusa is a genus of the earless seals, within the family Phocidae. The three species of this genus were split from the genus Phoca, and some sources still give Phoca as an acceptable synonym for Pusa.

The three species in this genus are found in Arctic and subarctic regions, as well as around the Caspian Sea. This includes these countries and regions: Russia, Scandinavia, Britain, Greenland, Canada, the United States, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Japan. Due to changing local environmental conditions, the ringed seals found in the Canadian region has varied patterns of growth. The northern Canadian ringed seals grow slowly to a larger size, while the southern seals grow quickly to a smaller size.

Only the Caspian seal is endangered.

Speothos

Speothos is a genus of canid found in Central and South America. The genus includes the living bush dog, Speothos venaticus, and an extinct Pleistocene species, Speothos pacivorus. Unusually, the fossil species was identified and named before the extant species was discovered, with the result that the type species of Speothos is S. pacivorus.

Extant Carnivora species

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