Potenza

Potenza (/pəˈtɛnzə/, also US: /poʊˈtɛntsɑː/,[3][4] Italian: [poˈtɛntsa] (listen); Neapolitan: Putenza, Potentino dialect: Putenz) is a city and comune in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata (former Lucania).

Capital of the Province of Potenza and the Basilicata region, the city is the highest regional capital and one of the highest provincial capitals in Italy, overlooking the valley of the Basento river in the Apennine Mountains of Lucania, east of Salerno. Its territory is bounded by the comuni of Anzi, Avigliano, Brindisi Montagna, Picerno, Pietragalla, Pignola, Ruoti, Tito and Vaglio Basilicata.

Potenza

Putenz(a)  (Neapolitan)
Città di Potenza
Panorama of Potenza
Panorama of Potenza
Coat of arms of Potenza

Coat of arms
Potenza within the Province of Potenza
Potenza within the Province of Potenza
Location of Potenza
Potenza is located in Italy
Potenza
Potenza
Location of Potenza in Basilicata
Potenza is located in Basilicata
Potenza
Potenza
Potenza (Basilicata)
Coordinates: 40°38′N 15°48′E / 40.633°N 15.800°ECoordinates: 40°38′N 15°48′E / 40.633°N 15.800°E
CountryItaly
RegionBasilicata
ProvincePotenza (PZ)
Government
 • MayorMario Guarente (LN)
Area
 • Total173 km2 (67 sq mi)
Elevation
819 m (2,687 ft)
Population
 (31 May 2015)[2]
 • Total67,348
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Potentini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
85100
Dialing code0971
Patron saintSt. Gerard
Saint dayMay 30
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Ancient times

The first settlement of Potentia (Potenza's original Latin name) was probably located at a lower elevation than at present, some 10 kilometres (6 miles) south of today's Potenza. The Lucani of Potentia sided against Rome's enemies during the latter's wars against the Samnites and the Bruttii. Subjugated during the 4th century BC (later gaining the status of municipium), the Potentini rebelled after the Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC. However, the Battle of the Metaurus marked the end of any Carthaginian aspirations in Italy and Potentia was reconquered by the Romans and reduced to the status of military colony.

Middle Ages

In the 6th century, the city passed to the Lombard Duchy of Benevento. Incursions by Saracens raiders menaced the city until the Norman conquest of southern Italy secured the area. In the 12th century, Potenza became an episcopal see. In 1137, the city hosted Pope Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II during their failed attempt to conquer the Norman kingdom. In 1148 or 1149 in Potenza, Roger II of Sicily hosted king Louis VII of France, whom the Norman fleet had freed from the Saracens. After pillaging by Emperor Frederick II, the city remained loyal to the Hohenstaufen: as a result, it was almost totally destroyed by Charles I when the Angevin lord conquered the Kingdom of Sicily. On December 18, 1273, an earthquake further devastated the city.

PiazzaDuomoPZ
Cathedral Square

Modern age

In the following years of Late Middle Ages, the city was owned by various feudal families before the Spanish domination, during which Potenza was the site of riots against the Spaniards. In 1694, it was almost completely destroyed by another earthquake.

With the declaration of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799, Potenza was one of the first cities to rebel against the king. After temporary Bourbon repression, the city was conquered by the French army in 1806 and declared the capital of Basilicata. King Joachim Murat improved the city's living conditions and administration, while some urban improvements were also introduced for the visit of Ferdinand II in 1846. A revolt broke out in 1848 and was again put down by Bourbon forces, until a third devastating earthquake followed in 1857. Potenza rebelled for the last time in 1860, before Garibaldi's revolutionary army brought about the unification of Italy.

In September 1943, the city suffered heavy Allied bombing. In 1980, another strong earthquake struck Potenza.

Main sights

  • Potenza Cathedral: The Duomo di San Gerardo, renovated in the 18th century. The cathedral still houses the rose window and the apse from the original 12th-century structure.
  • San Francesco: church founded in 1274. The portal and the bell tower date from the 15th century. The church houses the De Grasis sepulchre and a Madonna in Byzantine style (13th century).
  • The Torre Guevara, the last remnant of the old castle. It is now used to stage art exhibitions.
  • The Palazzo Loffredo, a 17th-century noble residence. It is now the seat of the "Dinu Adameșteanu" National Archaeological Museum.
  • Three gates of the old city walls, now demolished. The gates are the Porta San Giovanni, the Porta San Luca and the Porta San Gerardo.
  • San Michele: 11th-12th century Romanesque-style church.
  • Santa Maria del Sepolcro: church.
  • The ruins of a Roman villa in the Poggio Tre Galli quarter.
  • Musmeci Bridge, a unique construction, monument of modern civil engineering.

Geography

Climate

Potenza experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb/Cfb in the Köppen climate classification).

DuomoMUSEOnaz
Aerial view of the Duomo and Palazzo Loffredo

Population

Potenza has a population of 67,122 as of 2015. It is the largest city in Basilicata.

Potenza population
Date Census data
1991 65,714
2001 69,060
2011 66,777
2015 67,122

Source: [7]

Potenza, Italia
View of Potenza

Transportation

Potenza is a rail junction on the main line from Salerno to Taranto, managed by FS Trenitalia. It has also a connection to Altamura and its own small metropolitan railway service, served by the Ferrovie Appulo Lucane regional company. The city's main station, which was originally named Potenza Inferiore, is now known as Potenza Centrale. The nearest airports are:

People

International relations

Potenza is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Potenza". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Potenza". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Potenza (PZ) 845 m. s.l.m. (a.s.l.)" (PDF) (in Italian and English). Servizio Meteorologico. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Stazione 300 Potenza, medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Potenza (Potenza, Basilicata, Italy)". City Population. Retrieved 31 March 2017.

External links

Anzi, Basilicata

Anzi is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.

Basilicata

Basilicata (UK: , US: , Italian: [baziliˈkaːta]), also known by its ancient name Lucania (, also US: , Italian: [luˈkaːnja]), is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south. It also has two coastlines: a 30-km stretch on the Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania and Calabria, and a longer coastline along the Gulf of Taranto between Calabria and Apulia. The region can be thought of as the "instep" of Italy, with Calabria functioning as the "toe" and Apulia the "heel". The region covers about 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) and in 2010 had a population slightly under 600,000. The regional capital is Potenza. The region is divided into two provinces: Potenza and Matera.Basilicata is an emerging tourist destination, thanks in particular to the city of Matera, whose historical quarter I Sassi became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, and has been designated European Capital of Culture 2019. The New York Times ranked Basilicata third in its list of "52 Places to Go in 2018", defining it "Italy’s best-kept secret".

Castelgrande, Basilicata

Castelgrande is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is bounded by the comuni of Laviano, Muro Lucano, Pescopagano, Rapone, San Fele.

Castelgrande is part of the Comunita' Montana di Marmo Melandro [1], previously part of the Comunita' Montana di Marmo Platano.

Chiaromonte

Chiaromonte is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. Under the pseudonym "Montegrano", it was the case study for Edward C. Banfield's The Moral Basis of a Backward Society.

Emilio Colombo

Emilio Colombo (11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) was an Italian politician and the Prime Minister of Italy from 1970 to 1972. In addition to having held top positions in Italian governments, he was also the president of the European Parliament. In 2003 he was appointed to be an Italian senator for life, a seat which he held until his death. In the first five years as senator, he was an independent. From 2008 until his death in June 2013, Colombo was a member of the Autonomies group, formed mainly by elects in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

Lagonegro

Lagonegro (Lucano: Launìvere) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is part of the Valle del Noce and has (2017) a population of 5,471.

Lavello

Lavello (Potentino: Lavìdde) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the region of Basilicata of southern Italy; it is located in the middle Ofanto valley.

List of mayors of Potenza

The Mayor of Potenza is an elected politician who, along with the Potenza's City Council, is accountable for the strategic government of Potenza in Basilicata, Italy, capital city of the region. The current Mayor is Mario Guarente from the far-right party Lega Nord, who took office on 20 June 2019.Former Prime Minister Emilio Colombo held the office of Mayor from 1952 to 1955.

List of railway stations in Basilicata

This is the list of the railway stations in Basilicata owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Mario Guarente

Mario Guarente (born 2 December 1983 in Potenza) is an Italian politician.Former local leader of the Movement for the Autonomies, he joined the right-wing populist party Lega Nord in 2017. He was elected Mayor of Potenza at the 2019 local elections and took his office on 20 June 2019.

Potenza Calcio

Potenza Calcio S.r.l., formerly A.S.D. Rossoblù Potenza F.C. or just Potenza F.C., is an Italian football club based in Potenza, Basilicata. It currently plays in the Serie C.

Potenza Calcio was founded in June 2012 as F.C.D. Rossoblu Potenza, by a merger of two amateur teams Controsenso Potenza and Atella Monticchio. The club claimed as a phoenix club of Potenza S.C., which was first founded in 1919. Potenza S.C.was de-registered from Italian Football Federation in April 2012 after played their last season in 2010–11 Eccellenza Basilicata. From 2011–12 to 2012–13 season, another team, Città di Potenza (formerly: Atletico Potenza, P3F Potenza Giocoleria, Lucania Team Giocoleria) was briefly acted as the major successor of Potenza S.C..

Potenza Centrale railway station

Potenza Centrale railway station (Italian: Stazione di Potenza Centrale), formerly known as Potenza Inferiore, is the main station serving the city and comune of Potenza, in the region of Basilicata, southern Italy. Opened in 1880, it forms part of the Battipaglia–Potenza–Metaponto railway and is also a junction of a branch line to Foggia.

Potenza Picena

Potenza Picena is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Macerata in the Italian region of Marche, located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of Ancona and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Macerata.

Potentia was the Roman town situated in the lower Potenza valley, in the contemporary Italian region of Marche.

Potenza S.C.

Potenza Sport Club S.r.l. was an Italian football club, based in Potenza, Basilicata. The club was re-founded in 2004 as A.S. Calcio Potenza, (legal suffix S.r.l. was added circa 2005) after the merger of the old A.S.C. Potenza (founded in 1983) and F.C. Potenza (founded in 1919 and previously known as Potenza S.C.), and changed its name to Potenza S.C. in 2006. It inherits the history of the previous Potenza S.C.. The club was expelled from 2009–10 Lega Pro Prima Divisione in mid-season.

Province of Potenza

The Province of Potenza (Italian: Provincia di Potenza; Potentino: provìgnë dë Pùtenzë) is a province in the Basilicata region of southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Potenza.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo

The Archdiocese of Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo (Latin: Archidioecesis Potentina-Murana-Marsicensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Basilicata, southern Italy, created in 1986. In that year the Diocese of Muro Lucano was united into the Archdiocese of Potenza e Marsico Nuovo, which had been elevated to an archdiocese in 1973, and made a metropolitan see in 1976. The historical Diocese of Potenza was united with the Diocese of Marsico Nuovo in 1818. The joint diocese was then a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Salerno.

Sant'Arcangelo

Sant'Arcangelo is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the southern Italian region of Basilicata.

Senise

Senise is a town in the province of Potenza, Basilicata, southern Italy. It is near Monte Cotugno Lake, one of the largest artificial basins in Europe.

Vietri di Potenza

Vietri di Potenza is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Basilicata region of southern Italy.

Climate data for Potenza
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
21.8
(71.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25.6
(78.1)
29.8
(85.6)
33.0
(91.4)
36.8
(98.2)
36.8
(98.2)
33.2
(91.8)
30.0
(86.0)
21.8
(71.2)
20.0
(68.0)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.2
(45.0)
9.7
(49.5)
12.8
(55.0)
18.1
(64.6)
22.3
(72.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
21.7
(71.1)
16.5
(61.7)
11.0
(51.8)
7.9
(46.2)
15.5
(59.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.1
(39.4)
6.1
(43.0)
8.8
(47.8)
13.7
(56.7)
17.5
(63.5)
20.6
(69.1)
20.7
(69.3)
17.2
(63.0)
12.7
(54.9)
7.9
(46.2)
5.1
(41.2)
11.5
(52.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.1
(34.0)
2.5
(36.5)
4.8
(40.6)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
15.4
(59.7)
15.7
(60.3)
12.7
(54.9)
8.9
(48.0)
4.7
(40.5)
2.3
(36.1)
7.6
(45.7)
Record low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−10
(14)
−7.8
(18.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.5
(32.9)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
6.8
(44.2)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
−7
(19)
−8
(18)
−10
(14)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.7
(2.19)
63.0
(2.48)
48.6
(1.91)
66.8
(2.63)
42.8
(1.69)
30.4
(1.20)
26.1
(1.03)
32.6
(1.28)
46.2
(1.82)
61.6
(2.43)
73.3
(2.89)
66.0
(2.60)
613.1
(24.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.3 8.7 8.8 9.4 6.2 4.2 3.3 4.3 5.3 7.5 8.7 8.1 82.8
Average relative humidity (%) 77 75 72 69 69 67 62 64 66 72 76 78 71
Source #1: Servizio Meteorologico (1971–2000 data)[5]
Source #2: Servizio Meteorologico (1961–1990 data on average humidity)[6]
Regional capitals of Italy

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