Post-credits scene

A post-credits scene (also called a tag, stinger, coda, button, mid-credits scene, after-credits sequence, end-credit scene, secret ending or credit cookie)[1] is a short clip that appears after all or some of the closing credits have rolled and sometimes after a production logo of a film, TV series, or video game have run. It is usually included for humour or to set up a possible sequel.

History

One of the earliest appearances of a post-credits scene in a modern mainstream film was in The Muppet Movie in 1979. The movie uses a framing device in which the characters themselves watch the movie unfold in a theater. During the credits, the Muppets get up from their seats, talk to each other and joke around (thus incentivizing the real audience to stick around and see what happens next). In the final moment after the credits, Animal yells at the audience to "GO HOME!" before sighing "buh-bye" and passing out from exhaustion.

The use of such scenes gained popularity throughout the 1980s at the end of comedy films. In 1980, Airplane! ended with a callback to an abandoned taxicab passenger who was not a primary character. Enhanced application continued in August, 1987, when in Masters of the Universe Skeletor's head emerges from the water at the bottom of the pit, saying "I'll be back!" The Muppet Movie also began a trend of using such scenes to break the fourth wall, even when much of the rest of the film had kept it intact. The scenes were often used as a form of metafiction, with characters showing an awareness that they were at the end of a film, and sometimes telling the audience directly to leave the theatre. Films using this technique include Ferris Bueller's Day Off (in which the title character frequently broke the fourth wall during the film) and the musical remake of The Producers. The post-credits scene in the latter film also includes a cameo appearance by Producers creator Mel Brooks.

Post-credits scenes also appeared on the long-running television show Mystery Science Theater 3000, introduced in the 1990 episode Rocket Attack U.S.A., continuing until the end of the series. With few exceptions, they highlighted moments from the films that were either particularly nonsensical or had simply caught the writers' attention.

Contemporary film examples

Stingers lacking the metafictional aspects also gained prominence in the 1980s, although they were still primarily used for comedy films. Post-credits scenes became useful places for humorous scenes that would not fit in the main body of the film. Most were short clips that served to tie together loose ends—minor characters whose fates were not elaborated on earlier in the film, or plotlines that were not fully wrapped up. For example, all five Pirates of the Caribbean films include such scenes. During its wide release, Napoleon Dynamite features a stinger that reveals that Kip and LaFawnduh get married. In the film The Cannonball Run, bloopers from the film are shown. Many of Jackie Chan's American-made movies feature outtakes during the credits which often show him getting injured doing his own stunts.

Even when post-credit scenes started to be used by films with little comedy development, the same format of giving closure to incomplete storylines or inconsequential characters remained in use. Using humor in such scenes is also still common for more serious films, as in the film Daredevil, in which Bullseye is shown after his defeat by Daredevil in a full body cast. Other films eschew the comedy in favor of a twist or revelation that would be out of place elsewhere in the film, as in X-Men: The Last Stand's post-credits scene, where Professor X is shown to be alive after his apparent death by the hands of the Phoenix. Another example is the stinger at the end of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets which features a post-memory loss Lockhart. A third example occurs in Young Sherlock Holmes: during the entire credits, Rathe is shown traveling to an Alpine inn, where he signs the register as "Moriarty".

With the rise of pre-planned film franchises, post-credit scenes have been adopted in order to prepare the audience for upcoming sequels, sometimes going so far as to include a cliffhanger ending where the main film is largely stand-alone. The cinematic release of The Matrix Reloaded demonstrated the sequel set-up use of stingers by featuring the trailer for The Matrix Revolutions.

Some films, including Richard Linklater's School of Rock, take the idea of the post-credits scene to its limit by running the credits during the main action of the film. In this example, the characters perform a song in the last minutes of the film, and the credits run inconspicuously until one character sings the line "the movie is over/but we're still on screen".

The Marvel Cinematic Universe has made extensive use of mid- or post-credit scenes (often both) which mainly, but not always, serve purpose as a teaser for one of Marvel Studios' future films. For instance, in the post-credits scene of 2010's Iron Man 2, a large hammer at the bottom of a crater in a desert in New Mexico is shown being located by S.H.I.E.L.D. Agent Coulson, thus setting up their next release, 2011's Thor, while the post-credits sequence of Captain America: The Winter Soldier introduces the characters of Pietro and Wanda Maximoff, who go on to face and then join the Avengers in Avengers: Age of Ultron. Other times, rather than to tease other films, these films use mid- and post-credits scenes as jokes, such as The Avengers, which has a post-credits scene of the team eating shawarma in a derelict restaurant in the aftermath of the film's climactic battle, or Spider-Man: Homecoming, which features Captain America educating the audience on patience. [2][3][4]

The credits of many Pixar films, including A Bug's Life (1998), Finding Nemo (2003), The Good Dinosaur (2015) and Finding Dory (2016), have included comedy. Notably, A Bug's Life parodied the trend of bloopers at the end of movies by including fake blooper scenes of the characters messing up and goofing around on the "set" of the movie. Toy Story 2 and Monsters, Inc. followed suit. Other Pixar films, such as Cars (2006), Toy Story 3 (2010), and Inside Out (2015), have included an epilogue that plays during the credits.

An unusual use of the post-credits scene is to fulfill contractual obligations. In order to secure the personality rights to produce The Disaster Artist, a biopic of Tommy Wiseau, the filmmakers were obligated to include a cameo by Wiseau himself. This scene was filmed, but relegated to the post-credits sequence of the film.[5]

In video games

Video games, particularly those with complex stories, also use post-credits scenes. An early example is EarthBound, in which Ness awakens to knock on the front door just like the beginning of the game, and finds Pokey Minch's younger brother Picky with a message from his big brother Pokey, indicating that he escaped and warns Ness to come and get him. Common is a scene or voiceover after the credits, of one or more characters speaking, revealing new information that gives a new perspective to the previous events as well as setting up part of the next game in the series. As the credits for modern games get longer, added cut scenes that maintain interest during the credits are becoming more common.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Credit cookie". Wordspy.com. June 25, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  2. ^ Chitwood, Adam (2019-04-02). "Every Marvel After-Credits Scene Explained". Collider. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  3. ^ O'Callaghan 2018-08-17T14:05:00ZFeature, Lauren. "Every Marvel post-credits scene and what they mean". gamesradar. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  4. ^ Bleznak, Becca; Articles, More; April 04, 2019 (2018-05-20). "Every Marvel Cinematic Universe End Credits Scene Explained". The Cheat Sheet. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  5. ^ Peason, Ben (27 October 2017). "James Franco Directed 'The Disaster Artist' in Character as Tommy Wiseau". Slashfilm. Retrieved 14 November 2017.

External links

Ace Morgan

Kyle 'Ace' Morgan is a comic book character created by Jack Kirby and a member of the Challengers of the Unknown, debuting in issue #6 of DC Comics' Showcase.

Cult of Chucky

Cult of Chucky is a 2017 American supernatural slasher film written and directed by Don Mancini. The seventh installment of the Child's Play franchise, following the 2013 film Curse of Chucky, it stars Brad Dourif as Chucky, with a supporting cast of Fiona Dourif, Alex Vincent, Jennifer Tilly and Summer H. Howell – all of whom are returning cast members from previous installments.

The film began production in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in January 2017. It premiered at the London FrightFest Film Festival on August 24, 2017, and was released with rated and unrated versions distributed by Universal Pictures Home Entertainment via Blu-ray, DVD and VOD on October 3, 2017. As of October 2017, the film has grossed $2 million from DVD and Blu-ray sales.

Curse of Chucky

Curse of Chucky is a 2013 American supernatural slasher film, and the sixth installment of the Child's Play franchise. The film was written and directed by Don Mancini, who created the franchise and wrote the first seven films. It stars Brad Dourif as Chucky and Fiona Dourif as Nica Pierce, as well as Danielle Bisutti, A Martinez and Brennan Elliott. The film grossed $3.4 million in DVD sales.

Curse of Chucky sees a return to the franchise's source material, bringing back the straightforward horror elements found in the first three Child's Play films, as well as Chucky's classic appearance. The film, which went into production in September 2012, is the first direct-to-video installment of the series. In the U.S., it debuted via VOD on September 24, 2013, followed by a DVD and Blu-ray Disc release on October 8, 2013. The film was also turned into a scare zone for 2013's annual Halloween Horror Nights at Universal Studios Hollywood. Though Curse of Chucky was made with a direct-to-video release in mind, it was also seen theatrically in several countries, like Brazil. The film was followed by Cult of Chucky in 2017.

DC Animated Movie Universe

The DC Animated Movie Universe (DCAMU) is a series of animated films set in a shared universe based on The New 52 continuity. This universe was first teased in the post-credits scene of Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, with its events continued in Justice League: War. These films are part of the DC Universe Animated Original Movie series but don't share the same continuity with films outside of sequels to Justice League: War and Son of Batman.

Dominic Scott Kay

Dominic Scott Kay (born May 6, 1996) is an American actor, singer and entrepreneur. He was born in Los Angeles, California

He is best known for his work as the voice of Wilbur in Charlotte's Web, and in the post-credits scene of Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End as Henry Turner, the son of Will Turner (Orlando Bloom) and Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightley). He also played Tom Cruise's son in Steven Spielberg's Minority Report, and Adam in Snow Buddies. He also appeared on season five of the American edition of The Voice.

Kay directed and wrote a short film starring Kevin Bacon called Saving Angelo, a story based on the true events of an abandoned dog left for dead on the side of the road that he and his family rescued in 2003. He also wrote and directed another short film, Grandpa's Cabin.Kay is an entrepreneur, owning multiple entertainment companies. He is known as a fond animal-lover, and currently serves as a StarPower Ambassador for Starlight Children's Foundation.

Joss Whedon filmography

American screenwriter, director and producer Joss Whedon has generated numerous films and television series over the course of his career, many of which have influenced popular culture and acquired "cult status".

Justice League (film)

Justice League is a 2017 American superhero film based on the DC Comics superhero team of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. It is the follow-up to 2016's Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and the fifth installment in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU). The film is directed by Zack Snyder, written by Chris Terrio and Joss Whedon, and features an ensemble cast that includes Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, Ray Fisher, Amy Adams, Jeremy Irons, Diane Lane, Connie Nielsen, and J. K. Simmons. In the film, Batman and Wonder Woman recruit The Flash, Aquaman, and Cyborg after Superman's death to save the world from the catastrophic threat of Steppenwolf and his army of Parademons.

The film was announced in October 2014, with Snyder on board to direct and Terrio attached to write the script. Initially titled Justice League Part One, with a second part to follow in 2019, the second film was indefinitely delayed to accommodate a standalone Batman film with Affleck. Principal photography commenced in April 2016 and ended in October 2016. After Snyder stepped down to deal with the death of his daughter, Joss Whedon was hired to oversee the remainder of post-production, including directing additional scenes written by himself; Snyder retained sole directorial credit, while Whedon received a screenwriting credit. Justice League premiered in Beijing on October 26, 2017, and was released in the United States in 2D, RealD 3D, and IMAX on November 17, 2017.

With an estimated production budget of $300 million, Justice League is one of the most expensive films ever made. The film grossed $657 million worldwide against a break-even point of $750 million, becoming a box office bomb and losing the studio an estimated $60 million. The film received mixed reviews from critics; although the action sequences and performances (particularly Gadot and Miller) were praised, the plot, writing, pacing, villain, and overuse of CGI were criticized. The film's tone was met with a polarized reception, with some appreciating the lighter tone compared to the previous DCEU films, and others finding it inconsistent.

King Ghidorah

King Ghidorah (キングギドラ, Kingu Gidora) is a film monster originating from Toho's Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster (1964). Although Toho officially trademarks the character as King Ghidorah, the character was originally referred to as Ghidrah in some English markets.Although King Ghidorah's design has remained largely consistent throughout its appearances (an armless, bipedal, golden-scaled, bat-winged dragon with three heads and two tails), its origin story has varied from being an extraterrestrial planet-killing dragon, a genetically engineered monster from the future, or a guardian monster of ancient Japan. The character is usually portrayed as an archenemy of Godzilla and a foe of Mothra, though it has had one appearance as an ally of the latter.Despite rumors that Ghidorah was meant to represent the threat posed by China, which had at the time of the character's creation just developed nuclear weapons, director Ishirō Honda denied the connection and stated that Ghidorah was simply a modern take on the dragon Yamata no Orochi.

List of Marvel Cinematic Universe films

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films are a series of American superhero films produced by Marvel Studios based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The MCU is the shared universe in which all of the films are set. The films have been in production since 2007, and in that time Marvel Studios has produced and released 22 films, with nine more in various stages of development. It is the highest-grossing film franchise of all time, having grossed over $21.4 billion at the global box office.

Kevin Feige has produced every film in the series, alongside Avi Arad for the first two releases, Gale Anne Hurd for The Incredible Hulk, Amy Pascal for the Spider-Man films and Stephen Broussard for Ant-Man and the Wasp. The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Many of the actors, including Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Scarlett Johansson, and Samuel L. Jackson, signed contracts to star in numerous films. The films are currently distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, with the exception of the Spider-Man films which are owned, financed, and distributed by Sony Pictures.

Marvel Studios releases its films in groups called "Phases". Their first film is Iron Man (2008), which was distributed by Paramount Pictures. Paramount also distributed Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011) and Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), while Universal Pictures distributed The Incredible Hulk (2008). Disney began distributing the series with the crossover film The Avengers (2012), which concluded Phase One. Phase Two comprises Iron Man 3 (2013), Thor: The Dark World (2013), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), and Ant-Man (2015).

Captain America: Civil War (2016) is the first film of Phase Three, and is followed by Doctor Strange (2016), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Thor: Ragnarok (2017), Black Panther (2018), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), and Avengers: Endgame (2019), with Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019) still scheduled for the phase. The first three phases are collectively known as "The Infinity Saga".

As of June 2019, Black Widow is filming, and Marvel Studios has two untitled films in active development for 2020, three for 2021, and three for 2022.

No Good Deed (2017 film)

No Good Deed is a 2017 American superhero short film featuring the Marvel Comics character Deadpool. The film was directed by David Leitch from a script by Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick, with Ryan Reynolds starring as Deadpool. In No Good Deed, Wade Wilson tries to save an old man from a mugger, but fails because he takes the time to change into his Deadpool costume first.

Shortly before the release of the 2017 film Logan, its theatrical runtime was extended by several minutes. This was due to the addition of a Deadpool short film playing before Logan in place of a traditional post-credits scene. The short was filmed in December 2016 and serves as a tease for the feature film Deadpool 2, but is not a trailer for that film. It plays into Deadpool's characteristic humor in several ways, being based on an absurd premise that would not work in a feature film, having fourth wall-breaking references to Logan, making fun of the character Superman, and featuring a cameo by Stan Lee in one version.

No Good Deed was originally released by 20th Century Fox in front of Logan on March 3, 2017, and an alternate version of the short was released online by Reynolds the following day. Responses to the short praised it as a tease for Deadpool 2 and for showing that Leitch understands the character ahead of directing that film. Its humor was also highlighted by many critics.

Paranormal Activity 4

Paranormal Activity 4 is a 2012 American found footage supernatural horror film, directed by Ariel Schulman and Henry Joost and written by Christopher B. Landon from a story by Chad Feehan. The film features Katie Featherston, who starred in the first film, and had cameos in the other two. The film was released in theaters and IMAX on October 17, 2012, in the United Kingdom and was released on October 19, 2012, in the United States, by Paramount Pictures. It is the fourth installment in the Paranormal Activity series, and a sequel to Paranormal Activity 2, set several years later.

Rodan

Rodan (Japanese: ラドン, Hepburn: Radon) is a daikaiju monster which first appeared as the title character in Toho's 1956 film Rodan. Though the character started off in its own stand-alone film, Rodan was later featured in the Godzilla franchise. IGN listed Rodan as #6 on their "Top 10 Japanese Movie Monsters" list, while Complex listed the character as #15 on its "The 15 Most Badass Kaiju Monsters of All Time" list.

Teen Beach Movie

Teen Beach Movie is a Disney Channel Original Movie that premiered on July 19, 2013, on Disney Channel, starring Ross Lynch and Maia Mitchell. Directed by Jeffrey Hornaday, the film was filmed in Puerto Rico. It was the only Disney Channel film to premiere in 2013.

A sequel titled Teen Beach 2 premiered on June 26, 2015.

Terry Cooper (writer)

Terence Richard "Terry" Cooper (born 20 December 1969) is an English author, illustrator, actor, artist and rapper. He is best known for his sci-fi comedy novel series Kangazang!. In the early 1990s he performed as 'Rapster Tee' in Welsh rap group "Best Shot" (initially known as 'Best Shot Posse'). They had a brief spell of success in the UK charts with their first two singles, 'Bring On The Sunshine' and 'United Colours' reaching numbers 91 and 64 respectively, before breaking up in 1995. Terry worked on the Doctor Who spin-off film Cyberon by BBV Productions. He designed the look of the Cyberons and had a small cameo in a post credits scene.

Terry was a member of the 'Save the Lars Homestead' international team who traveled to Tunisia in May 2012 to restore the iconic 'Igloo' set that had fallen into disrepair.

The Man from Snowy River (soundtrack)

The Man from Snowy River is the original motion picture soundtrack from the 1982 film The Man from Snowy River.

Bruce Rowland composed the music for the film, and also conducted the orchestra during the recording of the album. The sound engineer for the recording was Roger Savage.

Later, Bruce Rowland composed a special Olympics version of the "Main Title" theme for the 2000 Summer Olympics opening ceremony.

Also, both the "Main Title" and "Jessica's Theme", from the film's soundtrack were reprised as part of the cast album soundtrack of the 2002 musical The Man from Snowy River: Arena Spectacular.

A pastiche of the "Main Title" appeared in the post-credits scene of Napoleon Dynamite.

The New Mutants (film)

The New Mutants is an upcoming American horror film in the superhero genre, based on the Marvel Comics team of the same name, produced by 20th Century Fox and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is intended to be the thirteenth and final installment in the X-Men film series. The film is directed by Josh Boone from a screenplay by himself and Knate Lee, and stars Anya Taylor-Joy, Maisie Williams, Charlie Heaton, Henry Zaga, Blu Hunt, and Alice Braga. In The New Mutants, a group of young mutants held in a secret facility fight to save themselves.

Boone and Lee first began work on the film after Boone completed The Fault in Our Stars, the pair having been fans of the New Mutants growing up together. They pitched a potential film trilogy to X-Men producer Simon Kinberg, and in May 2015 were officially signed on to the film. Taylor-Joy and Williams were rumored to be cast in March 2016, and were confirmed over a year later when the rest of the cast began to fill out. Filming took place in Boston from July to September 2017, primarily at Medfield State Hospital, with an April 2018 release in mind. This was then delayed for two years, allowing for reshoots to make the film more frightening.

The New Mutants is set to be released in the United States on April 3, 2020.

Thor (film)

Thor is a 2011 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It is the fourth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). The film was directed by Kenneth Branagh, written by the writing team of Ashley Edward Miller and Zack Stentz along with Don Payne, and stars Chris Hemsworth as the title character, alongside Natalie Portman, Tom Hiddleston, Stellan Skarsgård, Colm Feore, Ray Stevenson, Idris Elba, Kat Dennings, Rene Russo, and Anthony Hopkins. The film sees Thor banished to Earth from Asgard, stripped of his powers and his hammer Mjölnir, after reigniting a dormant war. As his brother Loki plots to take the Asgardian throne, Thor must prove himself worthy.

Sam Raimi first developed the concept of a film adaptation based on Thor in 1991, but soon abandoned the project, leaving it in "development hell" for several years. During this time, the rights were picked up by various film studios until Marvel signed Mark Protosevich to develop the project in 2006, and planned to finance it and release it through Paramount. Matthew Vaughn was originally assigned to direct the film for a tentative 2010 release. However, after Vaughn was released from his holding deal in 2008, Branagh was approached and the film's release was rescheduled to 2011. The main characters were cast in 2009, and principal photography took place in California and New Mexico from January to May 2010. The film was converted to 3D in post-production.

Thor premiered in Sydney, Australia, on April 17, 2011, and was released in the United States on May 6, 2011. The film was a financial success and many in the cast received praise, although the Earth-based elements of the film received some criticism. Two sequels, Thor: The Dark World and Thor: Ragnarok, were released on November 8, 2013, and November 3, 2017, respectively.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.