Portsmouth Harbour railway station

Portsmouth Harbour railway station is a railway station in Portsmouth, England. It is situated beside Gunwharf Quays in the city's harbour, and is an important transport terminal, with a bus interchange and ferry services to Gosport and the Isle of Wight. The station currently has four platforms in use: numbered 1, 3, 4 and 5. It is managed by South Western Railway. Platform 2 is no longer in use, having been decommissioned in the early 1990s following major repair and refurbishment work to the pier that the platforms sit on.[1] The station is built on a pier made of wood, between the Gunwharf Quays shopping centre and the Historic Dockyard.

Portsmouth Harbour National Rail
Portsmouth Harbour Station
The station entrance (February 2014)
Location
PlacePortsmouth
Local authorityPortsmouth
Grid referenceSU629000
Operations
Station codePMH
Managed bySouth Western Railway
Number of platforms5 (4 in use)
DfT categoryC1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase 2.272 million
2014/15Decrease 2.206 million
2015/16Decrease 2.162 million
2016/17Decrease 2.059 million
2017/18Decrease 2.035 million
– Interchange Increase 0.144 million
History
Key datesOpened 2 October 1876
Original companyPortsmouth and Ryde Joint Railway
Pre-groupingPortsmouth and Ryde Joint Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
National Rail – UK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Portsmouth Harbour from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

History

Havant & Portsmouth RJD 11
A 1910 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Portsmouth Harbour (lower left centre)

The station opened in 1876 as the terminus of Chief Engineers Frederick Banister's Portsmouth Waterside Extension to the Portsmouth Direct Line, which runs between this station and London Waterloo station.[2] It was rebuilt in 1937 when the route was electrified but was almost totally destroyed during World War II by fire after German bombing, then rebuilt after the war.

Accidents and incidents

Services

The station is served by a number of train operators. South Western Railway operate two services to London Waterloo on the Portsmouth Direct Line (via Guildford) and the other route to London Waterloo is via Fareham, Winchester and Basingstoke. They also operate local trains to Southampton Central.

There are train services along the West Coastway route, operated by Southern to Brighton, Littlehampton, Gatwick Airport, East Croydon and London Victoria. Great Western Railway operate trains via Southampton, Salisbury and Bristol Temple Meads to Cardiff Central, via the Wessex Main Line.

The ferry from Portsmouth Harbour Station to Ryde on the Isle of Wight is operated by Wightlink. National Rail tickets between the Isle of Wight and stations on Great Britain include travel on the ferry.

The trains are as follows:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Portsmouth
& Southsea
  South Western Railway
Portsmouth Direct Line
  Terminus
Portsmouth
& Southsea
  Southern
West Coastway Line
  Terminus
Portsmouth
& Southsea
  Great Western Railway
Portsmouth Harbour-Cardiff Central
  Terminus
"boat icon" Ferry services
Terminus   Wightlink
ferry
  Fishbourne
Terminus   Wightlink
high-speed catamaran
  Ryde Pier Head
Terminus   Gosport Ferry
Passenger ferry
  Gosport
Connection to Portsmouth International Port for Brittany Ferries to France/Spain and Condor Ferries to the Channel Islands

Previous services

The station was once served by Virgin Trains as part of their Cross Country Route with services to and from Liverpool and Manchester, using an InterCity 125 set. However this service ceased around 2002 when the Class 220 Voyagers and Class 221 Super Voyagers were introduced.

The station was also served by Wessex Trains with one train a day to and from Penzance, as well as the services that are now run by their successor First Great Western.

Future

With the award of the South West Region franchise to South Western Railway in 2017, Portsmouth City Council announced the intention to "spruce up" the station as part of a £90 Million investment by the new operating company. Potential improvements could include a direct walking route in to the Gunwharf Quays shopping complex.[7]

References

  1. ^ "From Platform 0 to Platform 9¾: The strange world of British Rail mathematics" Jefferson, Ed; City Metric website article 3 August 2016; Retrieved 23 May 2019
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 March 2005. Retrieved 7 April 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Bishop, Bill (1988). Off the rails. London: Bracken Books. p. 13. ISBN 1 85170 2083.
  4. ^ Table 186 National Rail timetable, May 2019
  5. ^ Table 123 National Rail timetable, May 2019
  6. ^ Table 158 & 165 National Rail timetable, May 2019
  7. ^ "Portsmouth Harbour railway station targeted for improvements as part of £90m package". Portsmouth.co.uk. Portsmouth News. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 50°47′50″N 1°06′25″W / 50.79714°N 1.107044°W

Fratton Park

Fratton Park is a football ground in the English city of Portsmouth in the United Kingdom. Fratton Park remains as the original home of Portsmouth F.C., who were founded on 5 April 1898.

Uniquely, Fratton Park is currently the only stadium in English professional football that is not on the mainland island of Great Britain, as it is built on Portsea Island, where the city of Portsmouth is located.

Fratton Park was built in 1899 on the site of a potato field in Milton, a farming village which later became a residential district of Portsmouth as the city expanded across Portsea Island during the twentieth century.

The name Fratton Park was chosen to understate its true distance to Fratton railway station, one mile to the west of the stadium in Fratton.

Fratton Park was first opened on a public open day on Tuesday 15 August 1899. The first ever football match at Fratton Park took place on Wednesday 6 September 1899, a 2-0 friendly win against Southampton FC, attended by 4,141 supporters.Fratton Park has affectionately been nicknamed "The Old Girl" by Portsmouth supporters. The stadium has been visually branded in-house as "Fortress Fratton" in recent years.

Gosport

Gosport ( GOS-port) is a town in Hampshire on the south coast of England. At the 2011 Census, its population was 82,622. It is situated on a peninsula on the western side of Portsmouth Harbour, opposite the city of Portsmouth, to which it is linked by the Gosport Ferry. Gosport lies south-east of Fareham, to which it is linked by a Bus Rapid Transit route and the A32. Until the last quarter of the 20th century, Gosport was a major naval town associated with the defence and supply infrastructure of Her Majesty's Naval Base (HMNB) Portsmouth. As such over the years extensive fortifications were created. The town is still home to HMS Sultan and a Naval Armament Supply Facility, as well as a Helicopter Repair base. The Town area of the Borough, including Newtown, consists of the town centre, Stoke Road shopping area, Walpole Park, Royal Clarence Yard and three modern marinas: Royal Clarence, Gosport Marina and Haslar Marina. As part of the Renaissance of Portsmouth Harbour Millennium project, a large sundial, known as the Millennium Timespace, was installed on the harbour front in 2000.

HMNB Portsmouth

Her Majesty's Naval Base, Portsmouth (HMNB Portsmouth) is one of three operating bases in the United Kingdom for the Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Clyde and HMNB Devonport). Portsmouth Naval Base is part of the city of Portsmouth; it is located on the eastern shore of Portsmouth Harbour, north of the Solent and the Isle of Wight. Until the early 1970s, it was officially known as Portsmouth Royal Dockyard (or HM Dockyard, Portsmouth); thereafter the term 'Naval Base' gained currency, acknowledging a greater focus on personnel and support elements alongside the traditional emphasis on building, repairing and maintaining ships. In 1984 Portsmouth's Royal Dockyard function was downgraded and it was formally renamed the 'Fleet Maintenance and Repair Organisation' (FMRO). The FMRO was privatized in 1998 (and for a time (2002-2014) shipbuilding, in the form of block construction, returned). Around the year 2000, the designation HMS Nelson (which until then had been specific to Portsmouth's Naval Barracks in Queen Street) was extended to cover the entire base.

The base is the headquarters for two-thirds of the Royal Navy's surface fleet, and employs up to 17,200 people. The base is also home to a number of commercial shore activities (including a ship repair facility operated by BAE Systems Maritime); naval logistics, accommodation and messing; and personnel support functions (e.g. medical and dental; education; pastoral and welfare) provided by Defence Equipment and Support. Portsmouth has built sections for, and will be home port to, the two new Royal Navy aircraft carriers, HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales. They required the harbour to be dredged to allow safe entry and exit. The project was intended to secure the base's future for the next forty years and would revitalise shipbuilding in the city; but, due to budget cuts in 2013 shipbuilding in Portsmouth was closed in favour of BAE keeping its yards in Glasgow open. It has been speculated this was to help retain Scotland in the union during the 2014 Scottish independence referendum and it has been suggested by the BAE chairman that shipbuilding could return to the city if Scotland voted for independence.Portsmouth naval base is the oldest in the Royal Navy, and it has been an important part of the Senior Service's history and the defence of the British Isles for centuries. At one time it was the largest industrial site in the world. It is home to one of the oldest drydocks in the world. The former Block Mills are of international significance, having been the first factory in the world to employ steam-powered machine tools for mass production. In 1985 a partnership between the Ministry of Defence and Portsmouth City Council created the Portsmouth Naval Base Property Trust to manage part of the historic south-west corner of the Naval Base, under a 99-year lease, as a heritage area: Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. It allows members of the public to visit important maritime attractions such as Mary Rose, HMS Victory and HMS Warrior.

HMS Warrior (1860)

HMS Warrior is a 40-gun steam-powered armoured frigate built for the Royal Navy in 1859–1861. She was the name ship of the Warrior-class ironclads. Warrior and her sister ship HMS Black Prince were the first armour-plated, iron-hulled warships, and were built in response to France's launching in 1859 of the first ocean-going ironclad warship, the wooden-hulled Gloire. Warrior conducted a publicity tour of Great Britain in 1863 and spent her active career with the Channel Squadron. Obsolescent following the 1871 launching of the mastless and more capable HMS Devastation, she was placed in reserve in 1875, and was "paid off" – decommissioned – in 1883.

She subsequently served as a storeship and depot ship, and in 1904 was assigned to the Royal Navy's torpedo training school. The ship was converted into an oil jetty in 1927 and remained in that role until 1979, at which point she was donated by the Navy to the Maritime Trust for restoration. The restoration process took eight years, during which many of her features and fittings were either restored or recreated. When this was finished she returned to Portsmouth as a museum ship. Listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, Warrior has been based in Portsmouth since 1987.

Mayville High School, Southsea

Mayville High School is an independent co-educational day school in Southsea, Portsmouth, England.

Portsmouth Harbour

Portsmouth Harbour is a large natural harbour in Hampshire, England. Geographically it is a ria: formerly it was the valley of a stream flowing from Portsdown into the Solent. The city of Portsmouth lies to the east on Portsea Island, and Gosport to the west on the mainland. At its north end is Portchester Castle, of Roman origin and the first fortress built to protect the harbour.

The mouth of the harbour provides access to the Solent. It is best known as the home of the Royal Navy, HMNB Portsmouth. Because of its strategic location on the south coast of England, protected by the natural defence of the Isle of Wight, it has since the Middle Ages been the home to England's (and later Britain's) navy. The narrow entrance, and the forts surrounding it gave it a considerable advantage of being virtually impregnable to attack from the sea. Before the fortifications were built the French burned Portsmouth in 1338. During the civil war parliamentary forces were able to carry out a successful cutting-out expedition within the harbour and capture the six-gunned Henrietta Marie.In modern times, the harbour has become a major commercial ferry port, with regular services to Le Havre, France, Cherbourg, France, St Malo, France, The Channel Islands and the Isle of Wight. There is a passenger ferry to Gosport. It is also a major area for leisure sailing. In 2006 the Gunwharf Quays development, including the Spinnaker Tower, was opened on the site of HMS Vernon (a former naval shore establishment).

Portsmouth railway station

Portsmouth railway station may refer to:

Portsmouth Harbour railway station in Hampshire, England

Portsmouth and Southsea railway station in Hampshire, England

Portsmouth Arms railway station in Devon, England

Portsmouth railway station (West Yorkshire), also known as Portsmouth (Lancs) - it was formerly in Lancashire, England and now located in West Yorkshire

Reactions to the 2005 London bombings

The 7 July 2005 London bombings were a series of suicide attacks carried out by homegrown terrorists on London's public transport network during the morning rush hour.

The bombings, three on the London Underground and one on a bus, killed 52 people and prompted a massive response from the emergency services, and in the immediate aftermath the almost-complete shut down of the city's transport system. Over the following hours and days there were several security alerts throughout the United Kingdom, and in some foreign cities. London largely returned to normality in the following days, though with several further security alerts and a reduced service on the Underground.

Seaspeed

Seaspeed was the joint hovercraft operations of British Rail (under British Rail Hovercraft Limited) in association with the French SNCF.British Rail Hovercraft Limited was established in 1965, under authority given to it by the British Railways Act 1967 and started its first service in 1966.

Solent Way

The Solent Way is a 60-mile (97 km) long-distance footpath in Hampshire, southern England. With the exception of a few inland diversions, the path follows the coast of the Solent, the sea strait that separates the mainland England from the Isle of Wight. The Solent Way forms part of the E9 European Coastal Path, which runs for 5000 km (3125 miles) from Cape St Vincent in Portugal to Narva-Jõesuu in Estonia.

Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping. It linked London with the Channel ports, South West England, South coast resorts and Kent. The railway was formed by the amalgamation of several smaller railway companies, the largest of which were the London & South Western Railway (LSWR), the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSC) and the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR). The construction of what was to become the Southern Railway began in 1838 with the opening of the London and Southampton Railway, which was renamed the London & South Western Railway.

The railway was noted for its astute use of public relations and a coherent management structure headed by Sir Herbert Walker. At 2,186 miles (3,518 km), the Southern Railway was the smallest of the Big Four railway companies and, unlike the others, the majority of its revenue came from passenger traffic rather than freight. It created what was at that time the world's largest electrified main line railway system and the first electrified InterCity route (London—Brighton). There were two Chief Mechanical Engineers; Richard Maunsell between 1923 and 1937 and Oliver Bulleid from 1937 to 1948, both of whom designed new locomotives and rolling stock to replace much of that which was inherited in 1923. The Southern Railway played a vital role in the Second World War, embarking the British Expeditionary Force, during the Dunkirk operations, and supplying Operation Overlord in 1944; because the railway was primarily a passenger network, its success was an even more remarkable achievement.

The Southern Railway operated a number of famous named trains, including the Brighton Belle, the Bournemouth Belle, the Golden Arrow and the Night Ferry (London - Paris and Brussels). The West Country services were dominated by lucrative summer holiday traffic and included named trains such as the Atlantic Coast Express and the Devon Belle. The company's best-known livery was highly distinctive: locomotives and carriages were painted in a bright Malachite green above plain black frames, with bold, bright yellow lettering. The Southern Railway was nationalised in 1948, becoming the Southern Region of British Railways.

Southsea Hoverport

Southsea Hoverport is adjacent to Clarence Pier in the Southsea area of Portsmouth in southern England. From here frequent hovercraft services leave for Ryde on the Isle of Wight. The journey time is quicker than the conventional boats that sail from Gunwharf Quay, elsewhere in Portsmouth, but the hovercraft are more prone to service curtailment in inclement weather. Another problem are connections from here as when the service first started in the mid-20th century much of the land closer to Portsmouth and Southsea station was already occupied by both residential and naval units. To help alleviate this problem Stagecoach run the "Hoverbus" linking the terminal with Portsmouth and Southsea station and Portsmouth city centre. The nearest railway station is Portsmouth Harbour railway station, although Portsmouth and Southsea station is not much further away.

Railways in the Portsmouth area
West Coastway Line
to Brighton & London Victoria
West Coastway Line
to Southampton Central
Portchester
Havant
Bedhampton
Cosham
Farlington Halt
HMNB Portsmouth
Admiralty Line
Hilsea
Portsmouth & Southsea
Fratton
Portsmouth Harbour
Southsea Railway 1885–1914
Gosport Ferry to Gosport
Wightlink to Ryde Pier Head
Jessie Road Bridge Halt
Albert Road Bridge Halt
East Southsea
Railway stations in Hampshire
Exeter to London
Weymouth to London
Portsmouth to London
Alton to London
Brockenhurst to Lymington
Cardiff to Portsmouth
Southampton to Brighton
Eastleigh to Fareham
Southampton to Salisbury
via Chandler's Ford
Basingstoke to Reading
Gatwick Airport to Reading
Watercress Line
Major railway stations in Great Britain

Languages

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