Portland, Maine

Portland is a city in, and the county seat of Cumberland County, in the U.S. state of Maine, with a population of 67,067 as of 2017.[5] The Greater Portland metropolitan area is home to over half a million people, more than one-third of Maine's total population, making it the most populous metro in northern New England (an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont). Portland is Maine's economic center, with an economy that relies on the service sector and tourism. The Old Port district is known for its 19th-century architecture and nightlife. Marine industry still plays an important role in the city's economy, with an active waterfront that supports fishing and commercial shipping. The Port of Portland is the largest tonnage seaport in New England.[6]

The city has also seen growth in the technology sector, with companies such as WEX building headquarters in the city. The city seal depicts a phoenix rising from ashes, which is a reference to the recoveries from four devastating fires.[7] Portland was named after the English Isle of Portland, Dorset. In turn, the city of Portland, Oregon was named after Portland, Maine.[8] Portland itself comes from the Old English word Portlanda, which literally means "land surrounding a harbor".[9]

Portland, Maine
City of Portland, Maine
Clockwise: Portland waterfront, the Portland Observatory on Munjoy Hill, the corner of Middle and Exchange Street in the Old Port, Congress Street, the Civil War Memorial in Monument Square, and winter light sculptures in Congress Square Plaza.
Clockwise: Portland waterfront, the Portland Observatory on Munjoy Hill, the corner of Middle and Exchange Street in the Old Port, Congress Street, the Civil War Memorial in Monument Square, and winter light sculptures in Congress Square Plaza.
Flag of Portland, Maine

Official seal of Portland, Maine

The Forest City, Portland of the East
Resurgam  (Latin)
"I Will Rise Again"
Location within Cumberland County
Location within Cumberland County
Portland is located in Maine
Location within Maine
Portland is located in the United States
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 43°40′N 70°16′W / 43.667°N 70.267°WCoordinates: 43°40′N 70°16′W / 43.667°N 70.267°W
Country United States
State Maine
IncorporatedJuly 4, 1786
Named forIsle of Portland[1]
 • TypeCity council and city manager
 • City managerJon Jennings
 • MayorEthan Strimling (D)
 • BodyPortland, Maine City Council
 • City69.44 sq mi (179.85 km2)
 • Land21.31 sq mi (55.19 km2)
 • Water48.13 sq mi (124.66 km2)
62 ft (19 m)
 • City66,194
 • Estimate 
 • RankUS: 519th
 • Density3,147.21/sq mi (1,215.2/km2)
 • Urban
243,537 (US: 177th)
 • Metro
513,102 (US: 104th)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
04101, 04102, 04103, 04104, 04108, 04109, 04112, 04116, 04122, 04123, 04124
Area code(s)207
FIPS code23-60545
GNIS feature ID0573692


Fort Casco, Brunswick, Maine by Cyprian Southack, 1720 map inset
Fort Casco, Portland, Maine, built by Wolfgang William Romer; map by Cyprian Southack

Native Americans, originally called the Portland peninsula Machigonne ("Great Neck").[10] Portland was named for the English Isle of Portland, and the city of Portland, Oregon, was in turn named for Portland, Maine.[11] The first European settler was Capt. Christopher Levett, an English naval captain granted 6,000 acres (2,400 ha) in 1623 to found a settlement in Casco Bay. A member of the Council for New England and agent for Ferdinando Gorges, Levett built a stone house where he left a company of ten men, then returned to England to write a book about his voyage to bolster support for the settlement.[12] Ultimately, the settlement was a failure and the fate of Levett's colonists is unknown. The explorer sailed from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to meet John Winthrop in 1630, but never returned to Maine. Fort Levett in the harbor is named for him.

The peninsula was settled in 1632 as a fishing and trading village named Casco.[10] When the Massachusetts Bay Colony took over Casco Bay in 1658, the town's name changed again to Falmouth. In 1676, the village was destroyed by the Abenaki during King Philip's War. It was rebuilt. During King William's War, a raiding party of French and their native allies attacked and largely destroyed it again in the Battle of Fort Loyal (1690).

Longfellow Square, Portland, ME
Longfellow Square (c. 1906)

On October 18, 1775, Falmouth was burned in the Revolution by the Royal Navy under command of Captain Henry Mowat.[13] Following the war, a section of Falmouth called The Neck developed as a commercial port and began to grow rapidly as a shipping center. In 1786, the citizens of Falmouth formed a separate town in Falmouth Neck and named it Portland, after the isle off the coast of Dorset, England.[1] Portland's economy was greatly stressed by the Embargo Act of 1807 (prohibition of trade with the British), which ended in 1809, and the War of 1812, which ended in 1815.

In 1820, Maine was established as a state with Portland as its capital. In 1832, the capital was moved north and East to Augusta. In 1851, Maine led the nation by passing the first state law prohibiting the sale of alcohol except for "medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes." The law subsequently became known as the Maine law, as 18 states quickly followed. On June 2, 1855, the Portland Rum Riot occurred.

Gun recovered from the USS Maine
Gun recovered from USS Maine on Munjoy Hill

In 1853, upon completion of the Grand Trunk Railway to Montreal, Portland became the primary ice-free winter seaport for Canadian exports. The Portland Company manufactured more than 600 19th-century steam locomotives. Portland became a 20th-century rail hub as five additional rail lines merged into Portland Terminal Company in 1911. Following nationalization of the Grand Trunk system in 1923, Canadian export traffic was diverted from Portland to Halifax, Nova Scotia, resulting in marked local economic decline. In the 20th century, icebreakers later enabled ships to reach Montreal in winter, drastically reducing Portland's role as a winter port for Canada.

On June 26, 1863, a Confederate raiding party led by Captain Charles Read entered the harbor at Portland leading to the Battle of Portland Harbor, one of the northernmost battles of the Civil War. The 1866 Great Fire of Portland, Maine, on July 4, 1866, ignited during the Independence Day celebration, destroyed most of the commercial buildings in the city, half the churches and hundreds of homes. More than 10,000 people were left homeless.

By act of the Maine Legislature in 1899, Portland annexed the city of Deering,[14] despite a vote by Deering residents rejecting the annexation, thereby greatly increasing the size of the city and opening areas for development beyond the peninsula.[15]

The construction of The Maine Mall, an indoor shopping center established in the suburb of South Portland, during the 1970s, economically depressed downtown Portland. The trend reversed when tourists and new businesses started revitalizing the old seaport, a part of which is known locally as the Old Port. Since the 1990s, the historically industrial Bayside neighborhood has seen rapid development, including attracting a Whole Foods and Trader Joes supermarkets, as well as Baxter Academy, an increasingly popular charter school. Other rapidly developing neighborhoods include the India Street neighborhood near the Ocean Gateway and Munjoy Hill, where many modern condos have been built. [16][17][18] The Maine College of Art has been a revitalizing force downtown, attracting students from around the country. The historic Porteous building on Congress Street was restored by the College.

Portland waterfront and skyline.
Portland waterfront and skyline.


Porltland, Maine, USA, aerial view
Aerial view of Portland
Deering Oaks Park and fountain, Portland, ME IMG 1838
Deering Oaks Park with fountain and castle pavilion is located at the point where Interstate 295 meets State Street, Park Avenue, and Deering Avenue

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 69.44 square miles (179.85 km2), of which 21.31 square miles (55.19 km2) is land and 48.13 square miles (124.66 km2) is water.[2] Portland is situated on a peninsula in Casco Bay on the Gulf of Maine and the Atlantic Ocean.

Portland borders South Portland, Westbrook and Falmouth. The city is located at 43.66713 N, 70.20717 W.


Portland has a very diverse and rapidly-changing humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), with cold, snowy, and often prolonged winters, and warm, relatively short summers. The monthly average high temperature range from roughly 30 °F (−1 °C) in January to around 80 °F (27 °C) in July. Daily high temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on only 4 days per year on average, while cold-season lows of 0 °F (−18 °C) or below are reached on 10 nights per year on average.[19] The area can be affected by severe nor'easters during winter, with high winds and snowfall totals often measuring over a foot. Annual liquid precipitation (rain) averages 47.2 inches (1,200 mm) and is plentiful year-round, but with a slightly drier summer. Annual frozen precipitation (snow) averages 62 inches (157 cm) in the city. However, Neighborhoods away from the immediate coast average slightly more, as the warmer ocean waters and onshore flow can cause snow to transition to sleet or rain along the coast. In Southern Maine, winter-season snowstorms can be intense from November through Early April, while warm-season thunderstorms are somewhat less frequent than in the Midwestern, Mid-Atlantic, and Southeastern U.S. Direct strikes by hurricanes or tropical storms are rare, partially due to the normally cooler Atlantic waters off the Maine coast (which usually weaken tropical systems), but primarily because most tropical systems approaching or reaching 40 degrees North latitude recurve (Coriolis effect), carrying most such storms just south and east of the Portland area. Extreme temperatures range from −39 °F (−39 °C) on February 16, 1943, to 103 °F (39 °C) on July 4, 1911, and August 2, 1975.[19]


Portland is organized into neighborhoods generally recognized by residents,[24] but they have no legal or political authority. In many cases, city signs identify neighborhoods or intersections (which are often called corners). Most city neighborhoods have a local association [25] which usually maintains ongoing relations of varying degrees with the city government on issues affecting the neighborhood.

On March 8, 1899, Portland annexed the neighboring city of Deering.[26] Deering neighborhoods now comprise the northern and eastern sections of the city before the merger. Portland's Deering High School was formerly the public high school for Deering.

Portland's neighborhoods include the Arts District; Bayside; Bradley's Corner; Cushing's Island; Deering Center; Deering Highlands; Downtown; East Deering; East Bayside; East End; Eastern Cemetery; Great Diamond Island; Highlands; Kennedy Park; Libbytown;[27] Little Diamond Island; Lunt's Corner; Morrill's Corner; Munjoy Hill; Nason's Corner; North Deering; Oakdale; the Old Port; Parkside; Peaks Island; Riverton Park; Rosemont; Stroudwater; West End; and Woodford's Corner.

Old port 21
Moulton Street in Old Port


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201866,417[4]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]
Raymond H. Fogler Library[29]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 66,194 people, 30,725 households, and 13,324 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,106.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,199.3/km2). There were 33,836 housing units at an average density of 1,587.8 per square mile (613.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.0% White (83.6% non-Hispanic White alone), down from 96.6% in 1990,[30] 7.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population. 40.7% of the population had a bachelor's degree or higher. Men's Health ranked Portland the ninth most educated city in America.[31]

There were 30,725 households of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 56.6% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 36.7 years. 17.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 33.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 40% male, 50% female and 10% undecided.

Portlandmaine povmap (Converted)
Map of Portland's poverty rate and accessibility to public transit and grocery stores.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 64,250 people, 29,714 households, and 13,549 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,029.2 people per square mile (1,169.6/km²). There were 31,862 housing units at an average density of 1,502.2 per square mile (580.0/km²).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Portland's immediate metropolitan area ranked 147th in the nation in 2000 with a population of 243,537, while the Portland/South Portland/Biddeford metropolitan area included 487,568 total inhabitants. This has increased to an estimated 513,102 inhabitants (and the largest metro area in Northern New England) as of 2007.[32] Much of this increase in population has been due to growth in the city's southern and western suburbs.

The racial makeup of the city was 91.27% White, 2.59% African American, 0.47% Native American, 3.08% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.

The largest ancestries include: British (including Scottish, Welsh, and English) (21.2%), Irish (19.2%), French (10.8%), Italian (10.5%), and German (6.9%).[33]

There were 29,714 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.4% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,650, and the median income for a family was $48,763. Males had a median income of $31,828 versus $27,173 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,698. About 9.7% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Race/ethnicity composition

Race/ethnicity 2010[34] 2000[35] 1990[36] 1960[36]
White 83.6% 91.27% 96% 99.4%
African Americans 7.1% 2.59% 1.1% 0.5%
Asian 3.5% 3.08% 1.7% 0.1%
Two or more races 2.7% 1.86% 0.2% NA
Hispanic or Latino 3.0% 1.52% 0.8% NA
Native American 0.5% 0.47% 0.4% NA


Portland Waterfont 2016
Municipal ferries on the Portland waterfront
Lobster boat in marina
Lobster boat in Portland Harbor marina.
Busy harbor
Cruise Ships
Farmers market2
Farmer's market in Monument Square

Portland has become Maine's economic capital because the city has Maine's largest port, largest population, and is close to Boston (105 miles to the south). Over the years, the local economy has shifted from fishing, oboe manufacturing, manufacturing, and agriculture towards a more service-based economy. Most national financial services organizations such as Bank of America and Key Bank base their Maine operations in Portland. Unum, TruChoice Federal Credit Union, People's United Bank, ImmuCell Corp, and Pioneer Telephone have headquarters here, and Portland's neighboring cities of South Portland, Westbrook and Scarborough, provide homes for other corporations including IDEXX and WEX Inc. Since 1867, Burnham & Morrill Co., maker of B&M Baked Beans, has had its main plant in Portland and is considered a landmark.

The city's port is also undergoing a revival and the first-ever container train departed from the new International Marine Terminal with 15 containers of locally produced bottled water in early 2016.[37]

Americold, a US-based international provider of temperature-controlled storage and distribution, won a bid to develop a state-of-the-art temperature-controlled storage facility adjacent to the port. The facility will support perishable produce, meats, and seafood imports with direct exports but construction has not yet begun.

Portland has a low unemployment rate (3% in June 2017) when compared to national and state averages.[38] The city and its adjacent communities also have higher median incomes than most of the state.

Portland headlight 55
Portland Head Light


Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad
Casco Bank Block
Casco Bank block in Old Port

Sites of interest

The Arts District, centered on Congress Street, is home to the Portland Museum of Art, Portland Stage Company, Maine Historical Society & Museum, Portland Public Library, Maine College of Art, Children's Museum of Maine, SPACE Gallery, Merrill Auditorium, the Kotzschmar Memorial Organ, and Portland Symphony Orchestra, as well as many smaller art galleries and studios.

Baxter Boulevard around Back Cove, Deering Oaks Park, the Eastern Promenade, Western Promenade, Lincoln Park and Riverton Park are all historical parks within the city. Other parks and natural spaces include Payson Park, Post Office Park, Baxter Woods, Evergreen Cemetery, Western Cemetery and the Fore River Sanctuary.

Thompson's Point, in the Libbytown neighborhood, has been a focus of renovation and redevelopment during the 2010s. The location hosts a concert venue, ice rink, hotels, restaurants, wineries, and breweries.[39]

Other sites of interest include:

Public parks

The city of Portland includes more than 700 acres of open space and public parks. The city and surrounding communities are linked by 70 miles of trails, both urban and wooded, maintained by the nonprofit Portland Trails. The city requires organic land care techniques be used on both public and private property. [40] In 2018, the Portland City Council banned the use of synthetic pesticides. [41]

Well-known and historic parks include:

  • Deering Oaks Park
  • Eastern Promenade
  • Western Promenade
  • Baxter Boulevard
  • Lincoln Park
  • Congress Square Park
  • Payson Park
  • East End Beach
  • Riverside Golf Course
  • Fort Sumner Park
  • Baxter Woods
  • Fore River Sanctuary
  • Quarry Run Dog Park
  • Riverton Trolley Park

Notable buildings

Portland Maine Custom House
Custom House, completed 1872

The spire of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception has been a notable feature of the Portland skyline since its completion in 1854. In 1859, Ammi B. Young designed the Marine Hospital, the first of three local works by Supervising Architects of the U.S. Treasury Department. Although the city lost to redevelopment its 1867 Greek Revival post office, which was designed by Alfred B. Mullett of white Vermont marble and featured a Corinthian portico, Portland retains his equally monumental 1872 granite Second EmpireRenaissance Revival custom house.

A more recent building of note is Franklin Towers, a 16-story residential tower completed in 1969. At 175 feet (53 meters),[42] it is Portland's (as well as Maine's) tallest building. It is next to the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception on the city skyline. During the building boom of the 1980s, several new buildings rose on the peninsula, including the 1983 Charles Shipman Payson Building by Henry N. Cobb of Pei, Cobb, Freed & Partners at the Portland Museum of Art complex (a component of which is the 1801 McLellan-Sweat Mansion), and the Back Bay Tower, a 15-story residential building completed in 1990.[43]

477 Congress Street (known locally as the Time and Temperature Building) is situated near Monument Square in the Arts District and is a major landmark: the 14-story building features a large electronic sign on its roof that flashes time and temperature data, as well as parking ban information in the winter. The sign can be seen from nearly all of downtown Portland. The building is home to several radio stations.

Park Street
Townhouses, completed 1835
Pma lobby 1
Art museum lobby

The Eastland Park Hotel, completed in 1927, is a prominent hotel located downtown on High Street. Photographer Todd Webb lived in Portland during his later years and took many pictures of the city.[44] Some of Webb's pictures can be found at the Evans Gallery.[45]

Notable people


TV Station
WCSH is the city's NBC affiliate, located in the Arts District

Portland is home to a concentration of publishing and broadcast companies, advertising agencies, web designers, commercial photography studios, and film makers.

The city is home to two daily newspapers: The Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram (founded in 1862) and The Portland Daily Sun. The Press Herald is published Monday through Saturday and The Maine Sunday Telegram is published on Sundays. Both are published by MaineToday Media Inc., which also operates an entertainment website, MaineToday.com and owns papers in Augusta, Waterville, and Bath. The Daily Sun began operations in 2009 and is owned by the Conway Daily Sun of North Conway, New Hampshire.

Portland is also covered by an alternative weekly newspaper, The Portland Phoenix, published by the Phoenix Media/Communications Group, which also produces a New England-wide news, arts, and entertainment website, thephoenix.com, and a twice-annual LGBT issues magazine, Out in Maine.

Other publications include The Portland Forecaster, a weekly newspaper; The Bollard, a monthly alternative magazine; The West End News, The Munjoy Hill Observer, The Baysider, The Waterfront, Portland Magazine, and The Companion, an LGBT publication. Portland is also the home office of The Exception Magazine, an online newspaper that covers Maine.

The Portland broadcast media market is the largest one in Maine in both radio and television. A whole host of radio station are located in Portland, including WFNK (Classic Hits), WJJB (Sports), WTHT (Country), WBQW (Classical), WHXR (Rock), WHOM (Adult Contemporary), WJBQ (Top 40), WCLZ (Adult Album Alternative), WBLM (Classic Rock), WYNZ ('60s-'70s Hits), and WCYY (Modern rock). WMPG is a local non-commercial radio station run by community members and the University of Southern Maine. The Maine Public Broadcasting Network's (MPBN) radio news operations are based in Portland.

The area is served by local television stations representing most of the television networks. These stations include WCSH 6 (NBC), WMTW 8 (ABC), WGME 13 (CBS), WPFO 23 (Fox), WIPL 35 (ION), and WPXT 51 (The CW; MyNetworkTV on DT3). There is no PBS affiliate licensed to the city of Portland, but the market is served by MPBN outlets WCBB Channel 10 in Augusta and WMEA-TV Channel 26 Biddeford.

TV Channel Number on Cable Call Sign Network
23 WPFO Fox
35 WIPL Ion Television
51 WPXT The CW
MyNetworkTV (DT3)

Movies filmed in Portland


Club League Venue Established Championships
Portland Sea Dogs Eastern League, Baseball Hadlock Field 1994 1
Maine Mariners ECHL, Ice hockey Cross Insurance Arena 2018 0
Maine Red Claws NBA G League, Basketball Portland Exposition Building 2009 0
GPS Portland Phoenix USL League Two, Soccer Memorial Stadium 2009 0
Portland Rugby Football Club New England Rugby Football Union, Rugby Union Fox Street Field 1969 1
Maine Roller Derby WFTDA, Roller Derby Portland Exposition Building 2006 0
Portland Lumberjacks PBA Tour,

Professional Bowling Team

Bayside Bowl 2016 1
Maine Cats USAFL, Aussie Rules Football Dougherty Field 2018 0
Cross Arena Basketball
Univ. of Maine women's basketball game at Cross Arena.
Hadlock Field and Slugger
Entrance area of Hadlock Field, home of the Portland Sea Dogs
Fitzpatick stadium
State Soccer Championship, Fitzpatrick Stadium

The city is home to three minor league teams. The Portland Sea Dogs, the Double-A farm team of the Boston Red Sox, play at Hadlock Field. The Maine Red Claws, the NBA G League affiliate of the Boston Celtics, play at the Portland Exposition Building. The GPS Portland Phoenix soccer teams plays in USL League Two.

Previously, Portland was home of several minor league ice hockey teams: the Maine Nordiques (NAHL) from 1973 to 1977, the Maine Mariners (AHL) from 1977 to 1992, and the Portland Pirates (AHL) from 1993 to 2016. The Mariners were three-time Calder Cup winners. In 2018, another Maine Mariners, an ECHL team, returned a minor league hockey team to Portland.

The Maine Mammoths of the National Arena League played in 2018 and were the first indoor football team to call Portland home. The team suspended operations after one season while it negotiated with local ownership groups.

The Portland Sports Complex, located off of Park and Brighton Avenues near I-295 and Deering Oaks park, houses several of the city's stadiums and arenas, including:

  • Hadlock Field – baseball (Capacity 7,368)
  • Fitzpatrick Stadium – football, soccer, lacrosse, field hockey, and outdoor track (Capacity 6,000+ seated)
  • Portland Exposition Building – basketball, indoor track, concerts and trade shows (Capacity 3,000)
  • Portland Ice Arena – hockey and figure skating (Capacity 400)

Cross Insurance Arena has 6,733 permanent seats following renovation in 2014.

The Portland area has eleven professional golf courses, 124 tennis courts, and 95 playgrounds. There are also over 100 miles (160 km) of nature trails.

Portland hosts the Maine Marathon each October.

Bayside Bowl was expanded in 2017 to 20 lanes, including a rooftop deck. It hosted the 2017 PBA League and Elias Cup.

Memorial Stadium is the home of the Deering High School sports teams and is located behind the school.

Food and beverage

Portland rest scene
A few of the many restaurants in Portland, Maine
Rooftop deck in downtown Portland
A rooftop deck in Portland

Downtown Portland, including the Arts District and the Old Port, has a high concentration of eating and drinking establishments, with many more to be found throughout the rest of the peninsula, outlying neighborhoods, and neighboring communities.

Portland ranks among the top U.S. cities in restaurants and bars per capita. According to the TripAdvisor, Portland is currently home to about 389 restaurants in 2017.[46]

Portland has developed a national reputation for the quality of its restaurants, eateries, and food culture. In 2009, Portland was named the "Foodiest Small Town in America" by Bon Appétit magazine and was featured as a food destination in the New York Times.[47][48] Many local chefs have gained national attention over the past few years.[49][50][51] In 2017, Zagat named Portland one of the "30 Most Exciting Food Cities in America."[52] In 2018, Portland was named Restaurant City of the Year by Bon Appétit Magazine.

Portland is home to a number of microbreweries and brewpubs, including the D. L. Geary Brewing Company, Gritty McDuff's Brewing Company, Shipyard Brewing Company, Casco Bay Brewing Company, Bissell Brothers Brewery, Austin Street Brewery, and Allagash Brewing Company.

The Portland Farmers Market, which has been in continuous operation since 1768, takes place Wednesdays in Monument Square, Saturdays in Deering Oaks Park (from early May to the end of November), and Saturdays at The Maine Girls Academy (from early December to the end of April). Fresh fish and seafood can be purchased at a number of markets on the wharves along Commercial Street and artisan bread makers bake fresh loaves every day. An historic B&M Bean plant remains in operation on the waterfront.

Portland's food culture is centered on local, organic, and plant-based food.[53][54] The city has the state's greatest concentration of vegetarian, vegan, and vegetarian-friendly restaurants. In 2016, VegNews magazine added the city to its list of the 12 Best Towns for Vegan Living. [55] The Portland Press Herald features a vegan column in its Food & Dining section.[56]

The city's Amato's Italian delicatessen claims to be the birthplace of the Italian sandwich, called "an Italian" by locals.[57]

In 2015, Portland ranked 14th on Travel + Leisure's end-of-year list, "America's 20 Best Cities for Beer Lovers."[58]

The area played host to an episode of Rachael Ray's Food Network show $40 a Day, the Travel Channel's Man v. Food, and Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations.[59][60][61]

In the spring of 2007, Portland was nominated as a finalist for "Delicious Destination of the Year" in the Food Network Awards.[62]

Portland hosts a number of food and beverage festivals, including:

  • Festival of Nations
  • Greek Festival
  • Harvest on the Harbor
  • Italian Heritage Festival
  • Maine Brewers Festival
  • Maine VegFest
  • Taste of the Nation


City Hall, Portland, ME
City Hall (c. 1910)
City Hall in Portland, ME (2014) IMG 1864
Closeup of City Hall (2014)

The city has adopted a council-manager style government that is detailed in the city charter. The citizens of Portland are represented by a nine-member city council which makes policy, passes ordinances, approves appropriations, appoints the city manager and oversees the municipal government. The city council of nine members is elected by the citizens of Portland. The city has five voting districts, with each district electing a city councilor to represent their neighborhood interests for a three-year term. There are also four members of the city council who are elected at-large.[63]

From 1923 until 2011, city councilors chose one of themselves each year to serve as mayor, a primarily ceremonial position. On November 2, 2010, Portland voters narrowly approved a measure that allowed them to elect the mayor. On November 8, 2011, former State Senator and candidate for U.S. Congress Michael F. Brennan was elected as mayor. On December 5, 2011, he was sworn in as the first citizen-elected mayor in 88 years (see Portland, Maine mayoral election, 2011). The office of mayor is a four-year position that earns a salary of 150% of the city's median income.[64] The current mayor is Ethan Strimling, who defeated Brennan in the 2015 election.

A city manager is appointed by the city council. The city manager oversees the daily operations of the city government, appoints the heads of city departments, and prepares annual budgets. The city manager directs all city agencies and departments, and is responsible for the executing laws and policies passed by the city council.[63] The current city manager is Jon Jennings.

Aside from the main city council, there is also an elected school board for the Portland Public School system. The school board is made up in the same manner of the city council, with five district members, four at-large members and one chairman.[65] There are also three students from the local high schools elected to serve on the board. There are many other boards and committees such as the Planning Committee, Board of Appeals, and Harbor Commission, etc. These committees and boards have limited power in their respective areas of expertise. Members of boards and committees are appointed by city council members.

On November 5, 2013, Portland voters overwhelmingly approved an ordinance to legalize the possession and private use of cannabis for adults, making the city the first municipality in the Eastern United States to do so.[66]

Presidential election results[67]
Year Democratic Republican
2016 75.9% 28,534 18.1% 6,789
2012 76.3% 27,739 20.6% 7,488
2008 76.9% 28,317 21.3% 7,844
2004 72.6% 26,800 25.6% 9,455
2000 63.4% 20,506 27.3% 8,838
1996 64.0% 19,755 23.3% 7,178
1992 55.3% 19,510 24.6% 8,660

Voter registration

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of August 2017[68]
Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 28,017 49.37%
Unenrolled 18,316 32.27%
Republican 7,093 12.49%
Green Independent 2,881 5.07%
Libertarian 442 0.77%
Total 56,749 100%


Fire department

The Portland Fire Department (PFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Portland 24/7, 365. Established on March 29th 1768, the PFD is made up of over 230 paid, professional firefighters and operates out of 7 Fire Stations, located throughout the city, in addition to Fire Stations staffed by "on-call" firefighters on Peaks Island; Great Diamond Island; Cushing Island; and Cliff Island. The Portland Fire Department also operates an Airport Division Station at 1001 Westbrook St., at the Portland International Jetport, and a Marine Division Station, located at 54 Commercial St.[69][70] The PFD operates a 4 Platoon shift schedule. Each platoon works for 24 hours followed by one day off. They then work another 24 hour shift followed by 5 days off. The cycle then repeats.

The Portland Fire Department also operates a fire apparatus fleet of 5 Engine Companies; 4 Ladder Companies (including 3 Quints); 1 Rescue Company; 1 Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat.) Unit; 1 Confined-Space Rescue Unit; 5 ARFF Crash Rescue Units; 3 Marine Units (Fireboats); 5 MEDCU Units (Ambulances); and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. Island "call" firefighters man a total of 4 Engines, 1 Ladder, 4 Water Tank Units, and 3 MEDCU Units (Ambulances).

Each frontline fire company is staffed by 1 Officer and 2 Firefighters per shift. Each MEDCU Unit (Ambulance) is staffed by 2 Firefighters (1 Paramedic and 1 AEMT) per shift. The Marine Division is staffed by 1 Officer and 2 Firefighters per shift, who also cross-staff Engine 37 in the event of a structural fire in the city not requiring a Marine Unit. Each platoon has an on duty Deputy Chief, Car 32, who is responsible for day-to-day operations of the shift.

The firefighters are members of IAFF Local 740.


Maine College of Art
MECA during the holidays.
Portland High School 1
Portland High School.
UNE College of Pharmacy 1
College of Pharmacy, University of New England.

High schools

Colleges and universities


Jetblue and mmc 07302009
Maine Medical Center and a jetBlue airliner, viewed from the South Portland side of the Portland International Jetport, 2009.

Maine Medical Center is the state's only Level I trauma center and is the largest hospital in Maine.

Mercy Hospital, a faith-based institution, is the fourth largest in the state. It completed the first phase of its new campus along the Fore River in 2008.[71]

The formerly-independent Brighton Medical Center (once known as the Osteopathic Hospital) is now owned by Maine Medical Center and is operated as a minor care center under the names Brighton First Care and New England Rehab. In 2010, Maine Medical Center's Hannaford Center for Safety, Innovation, and Simulation opened at the Brighton campus.[72] The former Portland General Hospital is now home to the Barron Center nursing facility.



Portland from above, looking north along I-295

Portland is accessible from I-95 (the Maine Turnpike), I-295, and US 1. U.S. Route 302, a major travel route and scenic highway between Maine and Vermont, has its eastern terminus in Portland. State Routes include SR 9, SR 22, SR 25, SR 26, SR 77, and SR 100. SR 25 Business goes through southwestern Portland.

Intercity buses and trains

Amtrak's Downeaster service offers five daily trains connecting the city with eight towns and cities to the south, ending at Boston's North Station. Trains, with the exception of one weekend trip, also go north to Freeport and Brunswick.

Concord Coach Lines bus service connects Portland to 14 other communities in Maine as well as to Boston's South Station and Logan Airport. Both the Downeaster and the Concord Coach Lines can be found at the Portland Transportation Center on Thompsons Point Road, in the Libbytown neighborhood.[27] Greyhound Lines on Saint John Street connects to 17 Maine communities and to more than 3,600 U.S. destinations.

A carsharing service provided by Uhaul Car Share is available. Both Uber and Lyft operate here. The city bus service is provided by Greater Portland Metro.[73]


Portland me waterfront
The busy waterfront in Portland, Maine.

Commercial air service is available at the Portland International Jetport, located in Stroudwater, west of the city's downtown district. American, Southwest, JetBlue, Delta, and United Airlines service the airport. Direct flights are available to Atlanta, Baltimore, Charlotte, Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, New York, Newark, Sarasota, and Washington D.C.[74]

Water transportation

The Port of Portland is the second-largest cruise and passenger destination in the state (next to Bar Harbor) and is served by the Ocean Gateway International Marine Passenger Terminal. Ferry service is available year-round to many destinations in Casco Bay. From 2006 to 2009, Bay Ferries operated a high speed ferry called The Cat featuring a five-hour trip to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, for summer passengers and cars. In years past the Scotia Prince Cruises trip took eleven hours. A proposal to replace the defunct Nova Scotia ferry service was rejected in 2013 by the province. From May 15, 2014, until October 2015, the cruise ship ferry Nova Star made daily trips to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.[75] Due to poor passenger numbers and financial problems, Nova Scotia selected Bay Ferries, the prior operator of The Cat, to operate the service starting in 2016, citing the company's experience and industry relationships. Nova Star officials pledged a smooth transition to the new operator.[76] The Nova Star was later ordered seized by federal marshals for nonpayment of bills.[77]

Portland old port 3
New hotel in the Old Port

Bay Ferries announced on March 24, 2016, the charter of the former Hawaii Superferry boat HST-2 from the US Navy for the Portland-Yarmouth service for two years. Bay Ferries signed a 10-year deal with Nova Scotia to run the ferry route, which will take about five and a half hours each way. They stated that the boat would be renamed The Cat[78] and that service would begin around June 15, after refitting in South Carolina. There is still a dispute as to whether the ferry will be permitted to carry trucks, desired by Nova Scotia businesses but opposed by the City of Portland.[79]

The Casco Bay Lines operate several passenger ferries with dozens of trips every day year-round to the major populated islands of Casco Bay. The service to Peaks Island also provides an auto ferry for most of its schedule.


Downtown Portland
First friday 2
First Friday Art Walk

Food and drink

  • Winner, 2018 Restaurant City of the Year by Bon Appetit magazine.
  • Ranked as Bon Appétit magazine's "America's Foodiest Small Town" (2009).[80]
  • Ranked fourth on Sperlings Best Places list for America's Foodie Cities.[81]
  • City with the most men named Bob, 1937-2005.
  • Named "Best American City for Food" by the Daily Meal (April 2015).[82]
  • Named "No. 1 city in U.S. for beer drinkers" by personal finance technology company, SmartAsset (December 2015).[83]
  • Ranked first city in the world (April 2016) for craft beer by the largest independent travel publisher in the world, The Matador Network.[84]
  • Ranked number 10 in the "VegNews" 12 Best Towns for Vegan Living. [85]|

Lifestyle and travel

  • Ranked top city in America to spend the weekend (with population under 90,000) by Thrillist.com (May 2018).
  • Ranked twelfth on Frommer's 2007 "Top Travel Destinations".[86]
  • Named "Best Adventure Town in the East" by Outside Magazine.[87]


  • Ranked as Forbes magazine's "Top City for Empty Nesters" (2012).[88] "Top City for Empty Nesters" (Kiplingers)
  • Ranked first on Forbes.com "America's Most Livable Cities" (2009).[89]
  • Ranked thirteenth on Men's Health Magazine's list of America's 100 most "car crazed" cities.[90]
  • Ranked twentieth on the list of Top 20 Best Small Cities for College Students by the American Institute for Economic Research.[91]
  • Named one of the "Coolest Small Cities in America" by GQ magazine.[92]
  • Ranked as the third gayest city in the nation by UCLA's Williams Institute.[93]
  • Ranked third on Men's Journal's list, "The 10 Best Places to Live Now". (2015)[58]
  • Ranked fifth on Jetsetter's list, "America's Coolest Small Towns". (2015)[58]

Sister cities

Portland has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International (SCI):

See also


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Portland were kept at downtown from March 1871 to 24 November 1940, and at Portland Int'l Jetport (PWM) since 25 November 1940. Temperature records are limited to the period that PWM was the official site (i.e. since 1940) and are based on the Monthly Weather Summary product issued by the NWS office in Gray, Maine.[20] precipitation and snowfall records date to 1871 and 1882, respectively.


  1. ^ a b Coolidge, A.J. and J.B. Mansfeld. 1859. A History and Description of New England, General and Local. Boston: Austin J. Coolidge, p. 301.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  6. ^ "Explore Downtown". Portland Downtown. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  7. ^ "Facts and Links | City of Portland". asp.portlandmaine.gov. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  8. ^ "Portland History". www.naosmm.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  9. ^ "portland | Origin and meaning of portland by Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.
  10. ^ a b History of Portland, Maine, Maine Resource Guide, archived from the original on January 31, 2013
  11. ^ "Portland: The Town that was Almost Boston". Portland Oregon Visitors Association. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  12. ^ Baxter, James Phinney (September 10, 1893). "Christopher Levett, of York: The Pioneer Colonist in Casco Bay". Gorges Society. Retrieved September 10, 2017 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ "Jedediah Preble letter on Mowat kidnapping, 1775". Retrieved April 1, 2007.
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  15. ^ Conforti, Joseph (2007). Creating Portland. UPNE. p. xvii. ISBN 978-1-58465-449-0. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  16. ^ "Bayside is a journey of many 'next steps'". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers, Inc.). October 16, 2006. Archived from the original on October 22, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2006.
  17. ^ Bouchard, Kelley (October 6, 2006). "Riverwalk: Parking garage due to rise; luxury condos to follow". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers, Inc.). Retrieved November 13, 2006.
  18. ^ Turkel, Tux (February 6, 2007). "An urban vision rises in Bayside". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers, Inc.). Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  19. ^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
  20. ^ "Observed Weather Reports". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
  21. ^ "Station Name: ME PORTLAND INTL JETPORT". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
  22. ^ "NOAA". NOAA.
  23. ^ a b "Portland, Maine, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  24. ^ "Neighborhoods". Portland, Maine. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  25. ^ "Neighborhoods Associations - Portland, ME". www.livinginportland.org. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  26. ^ "Shall We Tax the Hunters?". Lewiston Evening Journal. Google News Archive. February 2, 1899. p. 2.
  27. ^ a b Deans, Emma (July 8, 2010). "Welcome to Nowhere | Reconnecting an amputated neighborhood". The Bollard. Archived from the original on July 31, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  28. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  29. ^ "Minor Civil Division Population Search Results". University of Maine. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  30. ^ "Maine - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012.
  31. ^ "Where School Is In". September 12, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  32. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 (CBSA-EST2012-01)". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. September 18, 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 1, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
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  37. ^ "Poland Spring to ship water by train to Massachusetts distributors". Press Herald. April 6, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  38. ^ [1] Bureau of Labor Statistics, June 2017
  39. ^ "Thompson's Point - Development in Portland, Maine". Thompson's Point. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  40. ^ "Pesticide bans raise question: Can we manage garden pests without chemicals?". June 17, 2018.
  41. ^ "Portland's tough new ban on synthetic pesticides allows few exceptions". January 4, 2018.
  42. ^ "Franklin Towers". Emporis.com. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  43. ^ CB Richard Ellis/The Boulos Company. "Greater Portland Area 2006 Office Market Survey" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2006. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  44. ^ Bob Keyes (April 4, 2010). "THAT '70S SHOW: A new photography exhibition offers a look back at a very different Portland". Maine Sunday Telegram. Retrieved October 10, 2010. "Seeing Portland" focuses on the work of photographers from the 1970s and early '80s, including "Splendid Restaurant, Congress Street, Portland, 8/20/76" by Todd Webb. The show opens Saturday at Zero Station in Portland. ... The exhibition brings together the work of several accomplished photographers. In addition to Graham, photographers with work in the show include Tom Brennan, C.C. Church, Rose Marasco, Joe Muir, Mark Rockwood, Jeff Stevensen, Jay York and Todd Webb.
  45. ^ Bob Keyes (May 30, 2010). "Photographer's estate updates, improves website". Maine Sunday Telegram. Retrieved October 10, 2010. The estate of Todd Webb announced a recent refurbishment of its website, toddwebbphotographs.com.
  46. ^ "The 10 Best Portland Restaurants 2017 - TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.com. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  47. ^ Goad, Meredith (September 18, 2009). "A second course of food glory". Portland Press Herald. Archived from the original on September 22, 2009. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  48. ^ Knowlton, Andrew. "Portland, Maine: In the Magazine: Bon Appétit". Bonappetit.com. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  49. ^ Goad, Meredith (April 5, 2007). "Food could put Portland on the map". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers). Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. Retrieved April 5, 2007.
  50. ^ Goad, Meredith (April 11, 2007). "Where chefs come to shine". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers, Inc.). Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2007.
  51. ^ First, Devra (February 13, 2008). "James Beard Awards: and the nominees might be". The Boston Globe.
  52. ^ "Zagat". www.zagat.com. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  53. ^ Moskin, Julia. "A Rich Symphony of Food: Go to Portland and Eat".
  54. ^ Kamila, Avery Yale (August 19, 2009). "Veteran plant-eater happily endorses veggie chic". Portland Press Herald (MaineToday Media, Inc.). Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2009.
  55. ^ "12 Best Towns for Vegan Living".
  56. ^ "Ever heard of veganic farming? Neither had we". Press Herald.
  57. ^ "History Hoagie Sandwich, History Submarine Sandwich, History Po' Boys Sandwich, Poor Boy Sandwich, History Dagwood Sandwich, History Italian Sandwich". Whatscookingamerica.net. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  58. ^ a b c "A list of lists praising Portland". The Portland Press Herald. November 15, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  59. ^ "Portland, Maine". Food Network. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  60. ^ Writer, Meredith GoadStaff (July 6, 2010). "Man v. Food eats Maine". Press Herald. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  61. ^ Gavin, Ryan. "Watch: That Time When Anthony Bourdain Traveled to Maine & Loved Vacationland on 'No Reservations'". Q97.9. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  62. ^ Goad, Meredith (April 16, 2007). "Portland has taste of food fame, but the other Portland is served". Portland Press Herald (Blethen Maine Newspapers, Inc.). Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
  63. ^ a b "© Copyrighted" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  64. ^ "Portland Elected Mayor Measure Passes". Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  65. ^ "Copyrighted" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  66. ^ Koenig, Seth (November 6, 2013). "Portland police chief, Maine attorney general say Portland pot legalization vote won't change enforcement strategies". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
  67. ^ "Elections: Data and Information". Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  68. ^ "REGISTERED & ENROLLED VOTERS - STATEWIDE" (PDF). November 4, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  69. ^ "Fire Department - Portland, ME". portlandmaine.gov. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  70. ^ "Portland, ME". portlandmaine.gov. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  71. ^ [2] Archived December 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  72. ^ "Hannaford Center Safety Innovation & Simulation". simulation.mmc.org.
  73. ^ "METRO Bus - Portland, ME". www.portlandmaine.gov. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  74. ^ http://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=PWM&Airport_Name=Portland,%20ME:%20Portland%20International%20%20Jetport&carrier=FACTS
  75. ^ Richardson, Whit (March 5, 2013). "Nova Scotia rejects both proposals to restart ferry service to Maine". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  76. ^ Fischell, Darren (October 29, 2015). "Province prefers past Cat ferry operator over Nova Star for 2016". Bangordailynews.com. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  77. ^ Betts, Stephen (October 31, 2015). "Court orders seizure of Nova Star ferry". Bangordailynews.com. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  78. ^ Murphy, Edward (March 24, 2016). "New ferry expected to make Portland-Yarmouth trip in 5½ hours". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  79. ^ Fischell, Darren (March 24, 2016). "Ferry operator lands ship, signs 10-year Portland-Nova Scotia deal". Bangordailynews.com. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  80. ^ "America's Foodiest Small Town". Archived from the original on August 27, 2013.
  81. ^ Ethridge, Will (January 31, 2011). "America's Top Foodie Cities – Portland is #4!". Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  82. ^ "Best American Cities for Food". The Daily Meal. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  83. ^ "The Best Cities for Beer Drinkers | SmartAsset.com". smartasset.com. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  84. ^ "17 of the world's best cities for craft beer". Matador Network. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  85. ^ "12 Best Towns for Vegan Living access-date=2017-12-27".
  86. ^ "Frommer's Top Travel Destinations for 2007". Frommer's (Wiley Publishing, Inc.). November 21, 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2006.
  87. ^ "Portland, Maine: Best. City. Ever". Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  88. ^ "Second Act".
  89. ^ "America's Most Livable Cities". Forbes. April 1, 2009. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  90. ^ "America's Most Car-Crazed Cities". Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  91. ^ Quimby, Beth (September 10, 2010). "Portland joins list of top college cities". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  92. ^ "The Coolest Small Cities in America". GQ. Retrieved November 6, 2010.
  93. ^ "Yep, We're Gay! Study Finds Portland (Maine!) Third Gayest City". LiveWorkPortland. July 25, 2010. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  94. ^ "Japan index of Sister Cities International retrieved on December 9, 2008". Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.

Further reading

  • Michael C. Connolly. Seated by the Sea: The Maritime History of Portland, Maine, and Its Irish Longshoremen (University Press of Florida; 2010) 280 pages; Focuses on the years 1880 to 1923 in a study of how an influx of Irish immigrant workers transformed the city's waterfront. John F. Bauman. Gateway to Vacationland: The Making of Portland Maine(University of Massachusetts Press: 2012) 285 pages; Explores the socio-economic, political and cultural history of Portland emphasizing the evolution of the city's built environment after the fire of 1866.

External links

2015 Portland, Maine mayoral election

The 2015 Portland, Maine mayoral election was an election for Mayor of Portland, Maine scheduled for November 3, 2015. It was the second election since Portland voters approved a citywide referendum changing the city charter to recreate an elected mayor position in 2010.The new citizen-elected mayor serves full-time in the position for a four-year term, exercises the powers and duties enumerated in Article II Section 5 of the Portland City Charter, be elected using instant-runoff voting, and, like the rest of municipal government in Portland, be officially non-partisan. Ethan Strimling defeated incumbent mayor Michael F. Brennan and fellow challenger Tom MacMillan.

2019 Portland, Maine mayoral election

The 2019 Portland, Maine mayoral election is an election for Mayor of Portland, Maine scheduled for November 5, 2019. It is the third election since Portland voters approved a citywide referendum changing the city charter to recreate an elected mayor position in 2010.The new citizen-elected mayor serves full-time in the position for a four-year term, exercises the powers and duties enumerated in Article II Section 5 of the Portland City Charter, be elected using instant-runoff voting, and, like the rest of municipal government in Portland, be officially non-partisan. Incumbent Mayor Ethan Strimling running for re-election, being challenged by city councilor Spencer Thibodeau, as well as former Portland School Board Chair Kate Snyder and businessman Thaddeus St. John. City Councilors Justin Costa and Belinda Ray announced campaigns, but subsequently withdrew.All city officials are nonpartisan in nature, but every candidate running for Mayor in the heavily Democratic city is a registered member of the Maine Democratic Party.

Bill Swift

William Charles Swift (born October 27, 1961 in Portland, Maine) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher.

After graduating South Portland High School, Swift attended the University of Maine, where he played college baseball for the Maine Black Bears baseball team from 1981 to 1984, making four consecutive College World Series appearances. Swift pitched for the 1984 U.S. Olympic team and was a first-round draft pick (second selection) by the Seattle Mariners following his senior year at Maine. In 1991 he was traded to the San Francisco Giants along with pitchers Mike Jackson and Dave Burba for outfielder Kevin Mitchell and pitcher Mike Remlinger. The Giants immediately moved Swift from the bullpen to the starting rotation, where he emerged as one of the league's best pitchers, leading the league with a 2.08 ERA in 1992 and winning 21 games in 1993.

Between 1995 and 1997 he played for the Colorado Rockies. While the Rockies had high hopes for Swift, he struggled with a shoulder injury, back pains, and the psychological difficulties of the thin air of Colorado, and never again put up numbers comparable to his days with the Giants. He was eventually released by the Rockies due to shoulder trouble and triceps tightness.

In 1998, Swift returned to the Seattle Mariners. He struggled, posting an 11-9 record with a 5.85 ERA and 1.62 WHIP. After the season, he retired from baseball.

On December 22, 1999, USA Today named Bill Swift as one of Maine's best athletes of the 20th century.[1]

Bill Swift coached High School Baseball for the school where his three daughters Aubrey, Mackenzie, and Brynlie attended Scottsdale Christian Academy in Phoenix, Arizona. He now is head baseball coach at Arizona Christian University.

Cheverus High School

Cheverus High School is a private, Jesuit, college-preparatory school in Portland, Maine. It is located in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Portland. Cheverus High School was founded in 1917 as a Diocesan school and was named after French Roman Catholic Cardinal Jean-Louis Lefebvre de Cheverus. The Society of Jesus took over responsibility of the school in 1942.

Chinese-Americans in Portland, Maine

Chinese-Americans in Portland, Maine refers to the Chinese-American residents and businesses of Portland, Maine, USA. An informal and small Chinatown once existed around Monument Square. The first Chinese person arrived in 1858 with the Chinatown forming around 1916, mainly lasting until around 1953. The last vestiges of Chinatown lingered until 1997 when the last Chinese laundry closed. By that time, urban renewal already claimed all of the remaining buildings.

Cross Insurance Arena

Cross Insurance Arena (formerly Cumberland County Civic Center) is a multi-purpose arena located in Portland, Maine. Built in 1977, at a cost of US$8 million, it is the home arena for the Maine Mariners of the ECHL. There are 6,206 permanent seats in the arena, and it seats up to 9,500 for concerts.

Diversified Communications

Diversified Communications is a multimedia company, headquartered in Portland, Maine. The company provides market access, education and information through global, national and regional face-to-face events, digital products and publications.

Fore River (Maine)

The Fore River is a short horn-shaped estuary, approximately 5.7 miles (9.2 km) long, separating Portland and South Portland in Maine in the United States. Many of the port facilities of the Portland harbor are along the estuary, which is formed just southwest of Portland by the confluence of several creeks. The estuary was initially known as Levett's River, so named by the first English settler of the Casco Bay region, Capt. Christopher Levett. But shortly afterwards, the estuary came to have the name by which it is known today.The Stroudwater River flows into the Fore River estuary. The Cumberland and Oxford Canal connected the estuary with Sebago Lake via the Stroudwater River from 1832 through 1870. The estuary enters Casco Bay on the southeast edge of Portland. Like other coastal areas along the Gulf of Maine, it experiences moderately high tides, and thus the water level in the estuary and the harbor varies greatly throughout the day, leaving mud flats at low tide. It is spanned by the Pan Am Railways bridge and three highway bridges: the Casco Bay Bridge which connects Portland to South Portland, Veteran's Memorial Bridge which carries Route 1, and a causeway which carries I-295.

Fort Gorges

Fort Gorges is a former United States military fort built on Hog Island Ledge in Casco Bay, Maine. Built from 1858 to 1864, no battles were fought there and no troops were stationed there. Advancing military technology, including iron clad ships and long range guns, made the fort obsolete before it could be used. The fort is now a park, accessible only by boat. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

George Bradbury

George Bradbury (October 10, 1770 – November 7, 1823) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts. He also served one term (1822) in the Maine Senate, representing Cumberland County, Maine.

Born in Falmouth, Massachusetts, Bradbury graduated from Harvard University in 1789. He studied law. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Portland, Maine (until 1820 a district of Massachusetts). He served as member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 1806–1812.

Bradbury was elected as a Federalist to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses (March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1817).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1816. He resumed the practice of law. He served as associate clerk of the Portland Court 1817–1820. He served as member of the State senate in 1822. He died in Portland, Maine, November 7, 1823 and was interred in Portland's Eastern Cemetery.

Italian sandwich

The Italian sandwich, sometimes referred to as the Maine Italian sandwich, is an American submarine sandwich in Italian-American cuisine prepared on a long bread roll or bun with meats, cheese and various vegetables. The ingredients serve to counterbalance one another, creating an equilibrium of flavors and texture. The Italian sandwich was invented in Portland, Maine, in 1903 by Giovanni Amato, a baker. It is known as a grinder or a sub in Boston, Massachusetts, and as a spuckie in East Boston.

List of mayors of Portland, Maine

The Mayor of Portland is the official head of the city of Portland, Maine, United States, as stipulated in the Charter of the City of Portland. This article is a listing of past (and present) Mayors of Portland.

Before 1923, the city's leader was known as the mayor. From 1923 to 1969, the position was named "Chairman of the City Council." In 1969, the "Mayor" title was reinstated, but the office continued to be held by the leader of the city council, chosen by a vote of its members. In 2011, the city returned to the practice of popularly electing a mayor for the first time since 1923.

This is a list of mayors of Portland, Maine. This information is obtained from the website of the city council.

Portland High School (Maine)

Portland High School is a public high school established in 1821 in Portland, Maine (Cumberland County), which educates grades 9–12. The school is part of the Portland Public Schools district. It is located at 284 Cumberland Avenue in downtown Portland.

Portland Sea Dogs

The Portland Sea Dogs are a Minor League Baseball team based in Portland, Maine, that currently plays in the Eastern League. Established in 1994, the Sea Dogs are the Double-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox.

The Sea Dogs became part of the Red Sox system for the 2003 season; previously they were affiliated with the Florida Marlins. The change in affiliation brought success in the 2005 and 2006 seasons as the Sea Dogs went to the Eastern League championship series both years. They won their first-ever title on September 17, 2006, defeating the Akron Aeros, 8–5, in a rematch of the series from the previous year. It was the first Double-A championship for a Red Sox farm team since 1983 when they were based in New Britain, Connecticut.

Currently, all games are carried on a network of radio stations with Mike Antonellis providing the play-by-play, with the flagship WPEI and select TV games on NESN with Eric Frede play-by-play and former Red Sox relief pitcher Ken Ryan.

Portland metropolitan area, Maine

The city of Portland, Maine, is the hub city of a metropolitan area in southern Maine, in the United States. The region is commonly known as Greater Portland or the Portland metropolitan area. For statistical purposes, the U.S. federal government defines three different representations of the Portland metropolitan area. The Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine, metropolitan statistical area is a region consisting of three counties in Maine, anchored by the city of Portland and the smaller cities of South Portland and Biddeford. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 514,098. A larger combined statistical area (CSA), the Portland–Lewiston–South Portland combined statistical area, is defined as the combination of this metropolitan statistical area (MSA) with the adjacent Lewiston–Auburn MSA. The CSA comprises four counties in southern Maine. The Portland–South Portland metropolitan New England city and town area is defined on the basis of cities and towns rather than entire counties. It consists of most of Cumberland and York counties plus the town of Durham in Androscoggin County.

South Portland, Maine

South Portland is a city in Cumberland County, Maine, United States, and is the fourth-largest city in the state, incorporated in 1898. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 25,002. Known for its working waterfront, South Portland is situated on Portland Harbor and overlooks the skyline of Portland and the islands of Casco Bay. Due to South Portland's close proximity to air, marine, rail, and highway transportation options, the city has become a center for retail and industry in the region.

Despite the name, South Portland was never part of the city of Portland, but rather part of Cape Elizabeth. It broke off in 1895. However, both Cape Elizabeth and Portland were once part of Falmouth. Cape Elizabeth, then including what later became South Portland, broke away from Falmouth in 1765. South Portland is a principal city of the Portland – South Portland – Biddeford metropolitan area.

Stephen Hague

Stephen Hague (born Portland, Maine, 1960) is an American record producer most active with various British acts in the 1980s.

William Widgery

William Widgery (c.1753–July 31, 1822) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Born in Devonshire, England, Widgery immigrated to America with his parents, who settled in Philadelphia.

He attended the common schools.

He engaged in shipbuilding.

He served in the Revolutionary War as a lieutenant on a privateer.

He studied law.

He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Portland, Maine (until 1820 a district of Massachusetts), about 1790.

He served as member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 1787-1793 and 1795-1797.

He served as delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1788.

He served in the State senate in 1794.

He served as member of the executive council in 1806 and 1807.

Widgery was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Twelfth Congress (March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813).

He was an unsuccessful for reelection in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress.

He served as judge of the court of common pleas 1813-1821.

He died in Portland, Maine, July 31, 1822.

He was interred in the Eastern Cemetery in the Munjoy Hill neighborhood of Portland, Maine.

Widgery Wharf was built and owned by the Widgery family during William Widgery's early life.

Climate data for Portland International Jetport, Maine (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1871–present[b])
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
Mean maximum °F (°C) 50.2
Average high °F (°C) 31.2
Daily mean °F (°C) 22.3
Average low °F (°C) 13.4
Mean minimum °F (°C) −7
Record low °F (°C) −26
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.38
Average snowfall inches (cm) 19.2
trace 1.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.1 9.8 11.7 11.2 12.6 11.8 11.0 9.3 9.2 10.5 11.2 11.5 130.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 7.9 6.1 5.1 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5 6.1 27.7
Average relative humidity (%) 66.8 65.2 66.3 66.8 71.1 74.7 75.3 76.3 76.7 73.9 72.6 70.2 71.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.8 172.8 205.2 213.5 243.2 259.1 282.2 267.6 229.1 195.7 138.7 140.9 2,512.8
Percent possible sunshine 57 59 55 53 53 56 60 62 61 57 48 51 56
Average ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 2 1 4
Source #1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[19][21][22]
Source #2: Weather Atlas [23]
Climate data for Portland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °F (°C) 41.3
Source: Weather Atlas [23]
Articles relating to Portland, Maine


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