Port Said

Port Said (Egyptian Arabic: بورسعيدBorsaʿīd or Porsaʿīd) is a city that lies in north east Egypt extending about 30 kilometres (19 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Suez Canal, with an approximate population of 603,787 (2010).[2] The city was established in 1859 during the building of the Suez Canal.

There are numerous old houses with grand balconies on all floors, giving the city a distinctive look. Port Said's twin city is Port Fuad, which lies on the eastern bank of the canal. The two cities coexist, to the extent that there is hardly any town centre in Port Fuad. The cities are connected by free ferries running all through the day, and together they form a metropolitan area with over a million residents that extends both on the African and the Asian sides of the Suez Canal. The only other metropolitan area in the world that also spans two continents is Istanbul.

Port Said acted as a global city since its establishment and flourished particularly during the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century when it was inhabited by various nationalities and religions. Most of them were from Mediterranean countries, and they coexisted in tolerance, forming a cosmopolitan community. Referring to this fact Rudyard Kipling once said "If you truly wish to find someone you have known and who travels, there are two points on the globe you have but to sit and wait, sooner or later your man will come there: the docks of London and Port Said".[3]

Port Said

بورسعيد
ميناء بورسعيد البحرى
مسجد الشاطئ
US Navy 031013-N-6187M-001 The nuclear powered aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) passes an Islamic mosque on the western bank of the Suez Canal while transiting to the Red Sea
احدى شواطئ . بورسعيد
Port said egypt (6)
مصر - بورسعيد - حديقة فندق بورسعيد
Clockwise from top:
Docks of Port Said, Beach Mosque, Mosque on Entrance of the Canal, Port Said Beaches, Seagulls on the Canal, Port Said Hotel Gardens.
Flag of Port Said
Flag
Official seal of Port Said
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The valiant city
Port Said is located in Egypt
Port Said
Port Said
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°15′N 32°18′E / 31.250°N 32.300°ECoordinates: 31°15′N 32°18′E / 31.250°N 32.300°E
Country Egypt
GovernoratePort Said
Founded1859
Government
 • GovernorAdel Mohamed Ibrahim [1]
Area
 • Total1,351.1 km2 (521.7 sq mi)
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Total603,787
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 CAPMS 2010 Census
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Area code(s)+20-66
WebsiteOfficial website (in Arabic)
ISS-46 Suez Canal, Port Said, Egypt
Port Said, Port Fuad and Suez Canal

Name

The name of Port Said first appeared in 1855. It was chosen by an International committee composed of Great Britain, France, the Russian Empire, Austria, Spain and Piedmont. It is a compound name which composed of two parts: Port (marine harbour) and Said (the name of the ruler of Egypt at that time), who granted Ferdinand de Lesseps the concession to dig the Suez Canal.

Urbanized residents pronounce the first syllable following Arabic (IPA: [boɾ.sæˈʕiːd, poɾ.sæˈʕiːd]); unurbanized residents pronounce it [bɔrsaˈʕɛˑd].

History

PORT-SAÏD -- De Lesseps monument (n.d.) - front - TIMEA
Ferdinand de Lesseps monument on the tourist jetty
Port-Said. Village Arabe
Postcard of the Arab quarter of Port Said
Port Said, The Office of the Suez Canal Company (n.d.) - front - TIMEA
The office of the Suez Canal Company in Port Said built in 1893

Port Said was founded by Sa'id of Egypt on Easter Monday, April 25, 1859, when Ferdinand de Lesseps gave the first symbolic swing of the pickaxe to signal the beginning of construction. The first problem encountered was the difficulty for ships to drop anchor nearby. Luckily, a single rocky outcrop flush with the shoreline was discovered a few hundred meters away. Equipped with a wooden wharf, it served as a mooring berth for the boats. Soon after, a wooden jetty was built, connecting the departure islet, as it quickly became known, to the beach. This rock could be considered the heart of the developing city, and it was on this highly symbolic site, forty years later, that a monument to de Lesseps was erected.[3]

There were no local resources here. Everything Port Said needed had to be imported: wood, stone, supplies, machinery, equipment, housing, food and even water. Giant water storage containers were erected to supply fresh water until the Sweet Water Canal could be completed. One of the most pressing problems was the lack of stone. Early buildings were often imported in kit form and made great use of wood. A newly developed technique was used to construct the jetties called conglomerate concrete or "Beton Coignet", which was named after its inventor Francois Coignet. Artificial blocks of concrete were sunk into the sea to be the foundations of the jetties. Still more innovative was the use of the same concrete for the lighthouse of Port Said, the only original building still standing in Port Said. In 1859 the first 150 laborers camped in tents around a wooden shed. A year later, the number of inhabitants had risen to 2000 — with the European contingent housed in wooden bungalows imported from northern Europe. By 1869, when the canal opened, the permanent population had reached 10,000. The European district, clustered around the waterfront, was separated from the Arab district, Gemalia, 400 meters (1,300 ft) to the west, by a wide strip of sandy beach where a tongue of Lake Manzala reached towards the sea. This inlet soon dried out and was replaced by buildings, over time there was no division between the European and Arab quarters.

Map of Port Said (Baedeker, 1914)
French map of Port Said, ca. 1914

At the start of the twentieth century, two things happened to change Port Said: in 1902, Egyptian cotton from Mataria started to be exported via Port Said; and in 1904 a standard gauge railway opened to Cairo. The result was to attract a large commercial community and to raise its social status. In particular a sizable Greek community grew up. In 1907, the quickly growing city had about 50,000 inhabitants, among whom were 11,000 Europeans "of all nations".[4] Following the end of the World War I, the directors of the Suez Canal Company decided to create a new city on the Asian bank, building 300 houses for its labourers and functionaries. Port Fouad was designed by the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The houses follow the French model. The new city was founded in December 1926.

Since its foundation people of all nationalities and religions had been moving to the city and each community brought in its own customs, cuisine, religion and architecture. By the late 1920s the population numbered over 100,000 people. In the 1930s for example there were elegant public buildings designed by Italian architects. The old Arab Quarter was swallowed up into the thriving city.[5] Port Said by now was a thriving, bustling international port with a multi-national population: Jewish merchants, Egyptian shopkeepers, Greek photographers, Italian architects, Swiss hoteliers, Maltese administrators, Scottish engineers, French bankers and diplomats from all around the world. All lived and worked alongside the large local Egyptian community. And always passing through were international travelers to and from Africa, India and the Far East. Intermarriage between French, Italian and Maltese was particularly common, resulting in a local Latin and Catholic community like those of Alexandria and Cairo. French was the common language of the European and non-Arab population, and often the first language of children born to parents from different communities. Italian was also widely spoken and was the mother tongue of part of the Maltese community, since the ancestors of the latter had come to Egypt before the Anglicization of Malta in the 1920s. Multilingualism was a characteristic of the foreign population of Port Said, with most people continuing to speak community languages as well as the common French.

Since its establishment Port Said played a significant role in Egyptian history. The British entered Egypt through the city in 1882, starting their occupation of Egypt. In 1936 a treaty was signed between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Egypt called the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936. It stipulated the British pledge to withdraw all their troops from Egypt, except those necessary to protect the Suez Canal and its surroundings. Following World War II, Egypt denounced the Treaty of 1936, leading to skirmishes with British troops guarding the Canal in 1951.

The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 occurred. Then in 1956, President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal Company. The nationalisation escalated tension with Britain and France, who colluded with Israel to invade Egypt, the invasion known in Egypt as the tripartite aggression or the Suez Crisis. The main battles occurred in Port Said, which played a historic role in the Suez Crisis. The withdrawal of the last soldier of foreign troops was on the 23rd of December 1956.[6] Since then, this day was chosen as Port Said's national day. It is widely celebrated annually in Port Said. The French-speaking European community had begun to emigrate to Europe, Australia, South Africa and elsewhere in 1946 and most of the remainder left Egypt in the wake of the Suez Crisis, paralleling the contemporary exodus of French-speaking Europeans from Tunisia.

After the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, also called the Six-Day War, the Suez Canal was closed by an Egyptian blockade until 5 June 1975, and the residents of Port Said were evacuated by the Egyptian government to prepare for the Yom Kippur War (1973). The city was re-inhabited after the war and the reopening of the Canal. In 1976, Port Said was declared a duty-free port, attracting people from all over Egypt. Now the population of the city is 603,787.

Economy

Port Said has been ranked the second among the Egyptian cities according to the Human Development Index in 2009 and 2010,[7] the economic base of the city is fishing and industries, like chemicals, processed food, and cigarettes. Port Said is also an important harbour for exports of Egyptian products like cotton and rice, but also a fueling station for ships that pass through the Suez Canal. It thrives on being a duty-free port, as well as a tourist resort especially during summer.[8] It is home to the Lighthouse of Port Said (the first building in the world built from reinforced concrete).

Ioppou

East Port Said Industrial Zone

The government provides a number of incentives to investers in the scheme including zero tax and duties on tools, machines and raw materials related to the production of goods for export.[9]

Geography

Climate

Port Said has a hot desert climate (BWh) according to Köppen climate classification, but blowing winds from the Mediterranean Sea greatly moderates the temperatures, typical to the northern coast of Egypt, making its summers moderately hot and humid while its winters mild and moderately wet when sleet and hail are also common, yet less common than in Alexandria because Port Said is drier. January and February are the coolest months while the hottest are July and August.

The highest record temperature was 44 °C (111 °F), recorded on June 20, 1988, while the lowest record temperature was 0 °C (32 °F), recorded on December 25, 1979.[10]

Port Said, Kosseir, Ras El Bar, Baltim, Damietta and Alexandria have the least temperature variation in Egypt, additionally, Mersa Matruh and Port Said have the coolest summer days of any other cities or resorts, although not significantly cooler than other northern coastal places.

Modern city

Districts

Modern Port Said is divided into seven districts:

  • Al-Ganoub District:
  • Al-Zohour District:
  • Al-Dawahy District:
  • Al-Sharq District:
  • Al-Manakh District:
  • Al-Arab District:
  • Gharb District:

There is also Port Fuad city under the jurisdiction of the Port Said Governorate forming metropolitan Port Said.

Squares

  • Mansheya Square, in Al-Sharq district
  • Al-Shohda Square, in Al-Sharq district
  • AL-Mohafza Square (The governorate Square), in Al-Sharq district
  • AL-Sayed Metwaly Square (formerly Al-Estad Square), in Al-Manakh district
  • Volgograd Square, in Al-Manakh district
  • Bizerte Square, in Al-Zohour district
  • Haye Al-Zohour Square, in Al-Zohour district
  • AL-Horeya garden Square, in Port Fouad city

Recreational

  • Ferial Garden
  • The History Garden
  • Montaza Gardens
  • Al-Amal Garden
  • Al-Farama Garden
  • AL-Horeya Garden
  • Saad Zaghlul Garden
  • Restaurants Complex

Port Said city image gallery

PortSaidEgypt2 byDanielCsorfoly

Port Said coastline

A unique house of Port Said

The unique type of houses in Port Said making use of arches

Port said eglise cophete

Port Said (postcard around 1915)

Port Said

Modern Port Said at night

Port Said Suez Canal

Tourist jetty in Port Said

Port Said, Monument of Lesseps (n.d.) - front - TIMEA

Monument of Lesseps

Port Said - panoramio

Mosque in Port Said

Egypt-IMG 0960

Old lighthouse of Port Said

PORT-SAÏD. BUREAUX DE LA COMPAGNIE DU CANAL DE SUEZ (n.d.) - front - TIMEA

Building of Suez Canal Authority in Port Said

PORT SAID. RUE DU COMMERCE. (n.d.) - front - TIMEA

The commerce street

PORT SAÏD -- The French Cathedral and Kitchner Street (n.d.) - front - TIMEA

The Latin Cathedral in Port Said built in 1934

احدى شواطئ . بورسعيد
مصر - بورسعيد - حديقة فندق بورسعيد

Port Saeed

Port said egypt (6)
فنار بورسعيد الاثرى
عمارات بورسعيد - شارع أوجينى وشربين
ميناء بورسعيد البحرى
Shellfish 2
قسم الميناء٢
Tawfeqi mosque in Port Said
US Navy 031013-N-6187M-001 The nuclear powered aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) passes an Islamic mosque on the western bank of the Suez Canal while transiting to the Red Sea
مسجد الشاطئ
مقابر الكومنولث ببورسعيد

Education

Colleges and universities

Port Said has a number of higher education institutions. Port Said University is a public university that follows the Egyptian system of higher education. The most notable faculties of the university are the faculty of engineering and the faculty of science. In addition, the Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport is a semi-private educational institution that offers courses for high school, undergraduate level students, postgraduate. It is considered the most reputable university in Egypt after the AUC American University in Cairo because of its worldwide recognition from (board of engineers at UK & ABET in USA). Sadat Academy for Management Sciences is an Egyptian Public Academy under the authorization of the Ministry of higher education.

Schools

Port Said contains about 349 schools in all different educational stages between governmental, experimental, private language schools beside French historical schools.

Transport

Port

The port of Port Said is the 28th-busiest seaport for container transport, the second-busiest in the Arab world (narrowly behind the port of Salalah in Oman), and the busiest container seaport in Egypt, with 3,470,000 TEU transported in 2009.[15] It is divided into:

  • Port Said Port
  • East Port Said Port

The port is bordered, seaward, by an imaginary line from the western breakwater boundary till the eastern breakwater end. And from the Suez Canal area, it is bordered by an imaginary line extending transversely from the southern bank of the Canal connected to Manzala Lake, and the railways arcade livestock.

Navigation channels

Main channel
  • Length: 8 km (5 mi)
  • Depth: 13.72 m (45.01 ft)
East verge channel
  • Length: 19.5 km (12 mi)
  • Depth: 18.29 m (60.01 ft)

Approach area

PortSaid Canal 1880
Port Said Canal in 1880

Two breakwaters protect the port entrance channel: the western breakwater is about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long, and the eastern breakwater is approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km).

Dwelling area

The Suez Canal dwelling area is situated between latitudes 31° 21' N and 31° 25' N and longitudes 32° 16.2°' E and 32° 20.6' E. where vessels awaiting to accede Port Said port stay whether to join the North convoy to transit the Suez Canal to carry out stevedoring operations or to be supplied with provisions and bunkers. The dwelling area is divided into two sections: The Northern Area is allocated for vessels with deep drafts. The Southern Area is for all vessel types.

Airports

Port Said is served by Port Said Airport located about 6 km (3.7 mi) away from city centre.

The airport was reopened in February 2011 after being modernised to be fit for international flights.[16] Scheduled flights from the airport ceased in 1996.[17]

Motor highways

There are three main highways that connect Port Said to other cities in Egypt:

  • International coastal road - a 257 kilometres (160 mi) east-west highway that connects Port Said to Alexandria along the Mediterranean coast.
  • Desert Road - a 215 kilometres (134 mi) north-south route via Al Ismaileya - Port Saeed and Masr - Al Ismaileya Desert Road from Port Said to Cairo.
  • International Coastal Road - a 53 kilometres (33 mi) east-west highway from Port Said - Damietta.

Train

The Port Said train station is on Mustafa Kamal Street and was built around 1904 when the Egyptian Railway Authority extended service in the region.[5]

There are frequent train services from Cairo, Alexandria and other main Egyptian cities to Port Said. The travel time between Cairo and Port Said is about four hours while the Alexandria - Port Said route can be covered in about six hours. Intercity passenger service is operated by Egyptian National Railways. Tickets can be reserved online using the Egyptian National Railways website.[18]

Ferry

Faehre Port Said
Ferry on its way to Port Fouad

Port Said is linked by ferry to its twin city Port Fouad which is considered the Asian part of this Afro-Asian governorate "Port Said" on the eastern bank of the Suez Canal, the ferry is used to cross the canal between the two cities, holding both people and cars as well (for free).[19] The time between the two cities across the canal by using the ferry does not exceed 10 minutes.

Other means of public transport

Public buses are operated by Port Said Governorate's Agency for Public Passenger Transport. Private Transport also are available referred to as Micro Buses (14 seat minibus). White and blue saloon car taxicabs are comfortable, asking reasonable prices. Earlier trolleybuses existed in city.

Culture

Libraries

Misr Public Library in Port Said was inaugurated in 2004 near the beach to serve the people of the city. The total floor area of the library is about 12,500 square meters (135,000 sq ft) and is surrounded by a garden and cafeteria to serve its visitors. The library is divided into halls for children, adults, training center, a distinct hall for seminars and a hall for audio-visual materials. The library at the time of its inauguration reached about 14,000 books and was supplied by encyclopedias and modern references.[20]

Theaters

  • Port Said Opera House was inaugurated on 28 December 2016, where Arabic music, classical music, opera and ballet are performed.

Museums

  • Port Said National Museum is located on Palestine Street in front of the tourist jetty, near the centre of the city. It contains about 9,000 artifacts that narrate the story of Port Said and Egypt.
  • Port Said Military Museum was inaugurated in 1964. It is located in 23 July Street. It narrates the story of the Egyptian resistance in Port Said for the tripartite aggression during the Suez Crisis in 1956, and the wars of 1967 and 1973. It also contains a hall that narrates the genesis of the city and the Suez Canal.
  • Museum of Modern Art in Egypt is a modern and contemporary art museum, located in Shohada Square, in Port Said, beneath the Obelisk of Martyrs.
  • Museum of the Authority of the Suez Canal was inaugurated in August 2015. It narrates the story of the Suez Canal since its establishment.

Sports

The main sport that interests Port Saidis is football, as is the case in the rest of Egypt and Africa, meanwhile Port Saidis are known by their enthusiasm in supporting their popular team Al-Masry SC.

Al Masry Club Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Port Said, Egypt. It is currently used mostly for football matches, and was used for the 1997 FIFA U-17 World Championship, 2006 African Cup of Nations, 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup held in Egypt. The stadium was built in 1954. It holds 17,988 people.[21] Port Said Stadium riot took place there 2012.

The second most popular sport in Port Said is Handball, the city has a club called Port Said Club that won many local and African tournaments during the nineties.

Port Said Hall is an Indoor Hall located in the Sports City in Port Said, it hosts competitions of Handball, Basketball and Volleyball, and was used for the 1999 World Men's Handball Championship held in Egypt. It holds 5000 people.

Hockey and other sports are practiced on a lower scale.

Tourism

PortSaidEgypt byDanielCsorfoly
Headquarter of Suez Canal Authority in Port Said

Port Said is a main summer resort and tourist attraction, due to its public and private beaches, cosmopolitan heritage, Museums and duty-free port, beside the other landmarks like the Lighthouse of Port Said, Port Said Martyrs Memorial that has the shape of the Pharaonic ancient obelisks and the building of the Suez Canal Authority headquarter in Port Said, also Tennis island situated in lake Manzaleh is a destination that attracts tourists to enjoy visiting this ancient Islamic city which was demolished during the crusades.

Ashtoum el-Gamil is a national park and Natural Protected area Location: 7 km west of Port Said on "Port Said-Damietta" coastal road (The Lake Manzalah is in connection with the Mediterranean through Ashtoum El Gamil .In front of the mouth of the Lake is located Tanees Island. All the area is a very important place for birds.) Area: 180 km2 Type: Nature Reserve Year of establishment: 1988 Objective: Conservation of migratory birds Management: The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA).[22]

Notable natives

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Port Said is twinned with:

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ "Egypt's new provincial governors: Who's who?". Ahram Online. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ Governorate population (including Port Fuad): "مؤشرات المجلس القومى للسكان - أهم المؤشرات السكانية لمحافظة بورسعيد - الأحداث..." Portsaid.gov.eg. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b Port-Saïd : Architectures XIXe-XXe siècles
  4. ^ Baedeker, Karl (1914). Indien. Handbuch für Reisende (in German). Leipzig: Karl Baedeker. p. 5. Die rasch anwachsende Zahl der Bewohner belief sich 1907 auf 50 000, darunter fast 11 000 Europäer aller Nationen, im übrigens Araber, Berber, Neger in buntem Gemisch.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-01-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "On This Day: 1956: Jubilation as allied troops leave Suez". BBC. December 23, 1956. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Consejos para la vida -". Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  8. ^ "الصفحة الرئيسية -السياحه". Portsaid.gov.eg. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Suez Canal Area Development Project - Rules and Regulations". www.sczone.gov.eg.
  10. ^ a b "Port Said/El Gamil, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Port Said/El-Gamil Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  12. ^ "Appendix I: Meteorological Data" (PDF). Springer. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "Port SaidEl Gamil, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  14. ^ "New Suez Canal". Government of Egypt (Suez Canal Authority). Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  15. ^ "Welcome to the Port of Hamburg". Hafen-hamburg.de. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Port Said Airport to be inaugurated in February". English.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Egyptair launches new route to Port Said from Cairo". Anna.aero. 3 August 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved 2011-01-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Richardson, Dan (2003). Egypt. Rough Guides. p. 671. ISBN 9781843530503.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2011-12-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Official Website :: Al Masry Sporting Club :: الموقع الرسمي للنادي المصري للألعاب الرياضية :: تأسس عام 1920 ::استاد المصرى". Almasryclub.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Ashtum El Gamil Protected Area of Egypt". Touregypt.net. Retrieved 16 October 2017.

External links

1997 FIFA U-17 World Championship

The FIFA U-17 World Championship 1997, the seventh edition of the tournament, was held in the cities of Cairo, Ismailia, Alexandria, and Port Said in Egypt between 4 September and 21 September 1997. Players born after 1 January 1980 could participate in this tournament.

1999 World Men's Handball Championship

The 1999 World Men's Handball Championship was the 16th edition of the World Championship in team handball. It was held in Egypt, from 2 to 15 June, in the cities of Cairo, Ismailia and Port Said. Sweden won the championship.

2006 Africa Cup of Nations

The 2006 Africa Cup of Nations was the 25th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the association football championship of Africa. It was hosted by Egypt. Just like in 2004, the field of sixteen teams was split into four groups of four. Egypt won its fifth championship, beating Ivory Coast in the final 4−2 in a penalty shootout after a goalless draw.

2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup

The 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup was the 17th U-20 tournament, which was hosted by Egypt from 24 September to 16 October, in the cities of Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said, Suez and Ismaïlia. The tournament was initially going to take place between 10–31 July, however the 2009 Confederations Cup was played mid year resulting in both the Under 20 World Cup and the Under 17 World Cup being played towards the end of the year. The cup was won by Ghana after they defeated Brazil on penalties in the final, becoming the first African team to have won the tournament.

Ahmed El-Shenawy

Ahmed El Shenawy (Arabic: أحمد الشناوي‎; born 14 May 1991), is an Egyptian footballer who plays for Egyptian Premier League side Pyramids and the Egyptian national team as n goalkeeper.

Al Masry SC

Al Masry Sporting Club (Classical Arabic:النادي المصري للألعاب الرياضية; Egyptian Arabic: النادي المصري‎, El Nady El Masry, English translation:The Egyptian Club) is an Egyptian sports club based in Port Said, Egypt. It is best known for its professional football team, which plays in the Egyptian Premier League, the top tier of the Egyptian football league system. Founded on 18 March 1920 by a group of Egyptians in Port Said to be the first club for Egyptians in this coastal city which was full of many other clubs for the foreign communities which inhabited there.

Al-Masry has won 5 official titles and 17 local ones throughout its history. It is one of the five clubs that have the largest number of fans in Egypt, beside Al Ahly, Zamalek, Ismaily and El Ittihad El Sakandary.The club plays their home matches in the Port Said Stadium, with a capacity of 17,988.

Al Merreikh SC (Egypt)

Al Merreikh Sporting Club (Arabic: نادي المريخ للألعاب الرياضية‎), is an Egyptian football club based in Port Said, Egypt. The club is currently playing in the Egyptian Second Division, the second-highest league in the Egyptian football league system.

Amr Diab

Amr Diab (Egyptian Arabic: عمروْ دِياب‎; born October 11, 1961) is an Egyptian vocalist and writer. A Al Sharqia, he has established himself as an acclaimed recording artist and author in most Mediterranean countries.

According to a research by Michael Frishkopf, he has created his style termed as "Mediterranean Music", a blend of Western and Egyptian rhythms. By 1992, he became the first Egyptian and Middle Eastern artist to start making high-tech music videos.

Capital punishment in Egypt

Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Egypt. The state carried out at least 44 executions in 2016, and at least 35 in 2017. On 8 September, 2018 a court in Egypt sentenced 75 people to death and 47 others to life imprisonment. They were charged with murder, membership in a terrorist group. The English newspaper Independent has reported that Najia Bounaim of Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa described the court’s sentence to “disgraceful" and "a mockery of justice.". The method of execution is hanging for civilian convictions, and by firing squad for convictions by commissioned military personnel at the time of duty.

The Grand Mufti of Egypt Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim Allam, is responsible under Egyptian law for reviewing all death sentences in Egypt. Legally, his opinion is consultative and non-binding to the presiding court that handed down the death sentence.

French post offices in Egypt

The French post offices in Egypt were a system of post offices maintained by France in Egypt during the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. They were primarily intended to facilitate commercial and trading interests that needed to communicate between France and points east.

The post offices were located at Alexandria and Port Said.

France issued postage stamps for each of these two, generally at the same time and with the same general characteristics, with the one overprinted or inscribed "ALEXANDRIE" and the other "PORT-SAID".

The first issue appeared in 1899; it consisted of the post office name (as described above) overprinted on the current "Type Sage" stamps, a total of 15 values ranging from one centime to five francs. A shortage of the 25c values at Port Said necessitated surcharges on the 10c value, reading "PORT SAID / VINGT / CINQ". A few of these were additional overprinted with "25" in red ink.

The first stamps inscribed for these post offices were the French designs of 1900 modified to include the post offices' names. The 15 values appeared in 1902 and 1903.

In 1921 the stamps were surcharged in Egyptian currency, at the rate of about 2.5 centimes per milieme. Several forms of the surcharge exist. In Alexandria, local surcharges read "4 Mill." etc., while in Port Said they read "4 / Milliemes", with the number in a sans-serif typeface. Soon after Paris-produced surcharges arrived in both offices; they read "4 / MILLIEMES" etc. A new round of surcharges in 1925 added black bars to obscure the French currency values.

In 1927 and 1928 the old designs were reprinted but with millieme values substituted, ranging from 3 m to 250 m.

List of football clubs in Egypt

This is a list of football (soccer) clubs in Egypt.

Clubs in bold compete in 2018-19 Egyptian Premier League.

For a complete list see Category:Football clubs in Egypt

Nile Delta

The Nile Delta (Arabic: دلتا النيل‎ Delta n-Nīl or simply الدلتا ed-Delta) is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the world's largest river deltas—from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east, it covers 240 km (150 mi) of Mediterranean coastline and is a rich agricultural region. From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km (99 mi) in length. The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo.The Nile Delta is an area of the world that lacks detailed ground truth data and monitoring stations. Despite the economic importance of the Nile Delta, it could be considered as one of the most data-poor regions with respect to sea level rise.

Northern coast of Egypt

The northern coast of Egypt (Egyptian Arabic: الساحل الشمالى‎ El Sāḥel El Šamāli, north coast, commonly shortened to الساحل El Sāḥel, "the coast") extends for about 1,050 km (650 mi) along the Mediterranean Sea from the eastern side of the Sinai Peninsula at the Egypt-Gaza border to the western village of Sallum at Egypt's border with Libya. It is one of the longest Mediterranean coastlines in North Africa.

The city of Alexandria lies at the center of Egypt's Mediterranean coastline in Lower Egypt (northern Egypt), as chosen by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE. The north coast has been the hub of sea travel between the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile Delta for over 2,300 years.

Port Fuad

Port Fuad or Port Fouad (Egyptian Arabic: بور فؤاد‎ Borfoʾād or Porfoʾād, IPA: [boɾ.foˈʔæːd, poɾ.foˈʔæːd]) is a city in Port Said Governorate, Egypt. Port Fuad is located in northeastern Egypt at the northwestern-most tip of the Sinai Peninsula, across from the city of Port Said on the Asian side of the Suez Canal. Port Fuad is considered a suburb of Port Said and together they form a metropolitan area of over one million residents, one of only two in the world that spans two continents along with Istanbul, Turkey. Port Fuad has a population of 81,591 (as of 2015).

Port Said Governorate

Port Said Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة بورسعيد‎ Muḥāfẓet Būr Sa‘īd) is one of the Canal Zone governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Mediterranean Sea at the northern gate of the Suez Canal, making it the second most important harbor in Egypt. Its capital is the city of Port Said, and is the home of the Suez Canal Authority historical administrative building and the Lighthouse of Port Said.

Port Said Governorate is wholly urban, with 98.2% of the area populated. Most of the districts in the Governorate lie on the African side of the Suez Canal, although Port Fuad lies on the Asian side.

Port Said Stadium riot

On 1 February 2012, a massive riot occurred at Port Said Stadium in Port Said, Egypt, following an Egyptian Premier League football match between Al-Masry and Al-Ahly. 74 people were killed and more than 500 were injured after thousands of Al-Masry spectators stormed the stadium stands and the pitch, following a 3–1 victory by Al-Masry, and violently attacked Al-Ahly fans using knives, swords, clubs, stones, bottles, and fireworks as weapons. Many of the deaths were due to the police's refusal to open the stadium gates, trapping the Ahly fans inside, leaving some to die, and killing others in a stampede to escape.

Seventy-three defendants, including 9 police officers and 2 officials from Port Said’s Al-Masry club, were charged in the aftermath of the riots. As of February 2017, 10 defendants have been sentenced to death and 26 have been acquitted, including 7 police officers and an Al-Masry club official. Of the remaining 37 defendants, 10 received 15-year prison terms, 9 received 10-year sentences, and 16 received 5-year sentences including the remaining 2 police officers and an Al-Masry club official. One defendant received a 1-year sentence and a retrial has been ordered for a defendant sentenced to death in absentia in June 2015.

As a result of the riot, the Egyptian government shut down the domestic league for two years, which affected the Egyptian national team.

Suez Canal

The Suez Canal (Arabic: قناة السويس‎ qanāt as-suwēs) is a sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. Constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869, it was officially opened on 17 November 1869. The canal offers watercraft a more direct route between the North Atlantic and northern Indian Oceans via the Mediterranean and Red Seas, thus avoiding the South Atlantic and southern Indian Oceans and thereby reducing the journey distance from the Arabian Sea to, for example, London by approximately 8,900 kilometres (5,500 mi). It extends from the northern terminus of Port Said to the southern terminus of Port Tewfik at the city of Suez. Its length is 193.30 km (120.11 mi), including its northern and southern access channels. In 2012, 17,225 vessels traversed the canal (an average of 47 per day).The original canal was a single-lane waterway with passing locations in the Ballah Bypass and the Great Bitter Lake. It contains no locks system, with seawater flowing freely through it. In general, the canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in winter and south in summer. South of the lakes, the current changes with the tide at Suez.The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Egypt. Under the Convention of Constantinople, it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag".In August 2014, construction was launched to expand and widen the Ballah Bypass for 35 km (22 mi) to speed the canal's transit time. The expansion was planned to double the capacity of the Suez Canal from 49 to 97 ships a day. At a cost of $8.4 billion, this project was funded with interest-bearing investment certificates issued exclusively to Egyptian entities and individuals. The "New Suez Canal", as the expansion was dubbed, was opened with great fanfare in a ceremony on 6 August 2015.On 24 February 2016, the Suez Canal Authority officially opened the new side channel. This side channel, located at the northern side of the east extension of the Suez Canal, serves the East Terminal for berthing and unberthing vessels from the terminal. As the East Container Terminal is located on the Canal itself, before the construction of the new side channel it was not possible to berth or unberth vessels at the terminal while the convoy was running.

Timeline of Port Said

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Port Said, Egypt.

Climate data for Port Said
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
31.9
(89.4)
34.6
(94.3)
41.8
(107.2)
45.0
(113.0)
44.0
(111.2)
36.4
(97.5)
35.1
(95.2)
35.6
(96.1)
34.8
(94.6)
33.9
(93.0)
25.9
(78.6)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.5
(72.5)
25.1
(77.2)
28.2
(82.8)
30.0
(86.0)
30.3
(86.5)
28.8
(83.8)
26.7
(80.1)
23.0
(73.4)
19.4
(66.9)
24.1
(75.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
19.6
(67.3)
22.4
(72.3)
25.3
(77.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
24.1
(75.4)
20.4
(68.7)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
Average low °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
11.7
(53.1)
13.4
(56.1)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
22.1
(71.8)
23.7
(74.7)
24.2
(75.6)
23.3
(73.9)
21.3
(70.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.8
(55.0)
18.0
(64.4)
Record low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
6.2
(43.2)
5.0
(41.0)
9.1
(48.4)
12.0
(53.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.2
(68.4)
19.5
(67.1)
14.4
(57.9)
2.2
(36.0)
0.0
(32.0)
2.2
(36.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
12
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
5
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
8
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
16
(0.6)
83
(3.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.3 1.6 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 1.2 2.0 9.9
Average relative humidity (%) 68 66 65 64 66 67 68 68 68 65 67 69 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.9 206.2 266.6 294.0 337.9 360.0 378.2 365.8 330.0 310.0 261.0 204.6 3,528.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.9 7.3 8.6 9.8 10.9 12.0 12.2 11.8 11.0 10.0 8.7 6.6 9.6
Source #1: NOAA[11]
Source #2: Arab Meteorology Book,[12] Climate Charts,[13] Voodoo Skies[10]
Suez Canal
km
Mediterranean Sea
W
E
Approaches
(Southward convoy waiting area)
0.0
Port Said
0.0
Port Said
lighthouse, fishing harbour, cruise terminal
Port Said (city), former headquarters
Port Said harbour, Port Fuad (city),
East Port, SCCT container terminal
E-class turning dock
51.5
Ballah (former by-pass)
59.9
Eastern lane: second shipping lane, New Suez Canal[14]
76.5
Lake Timsah
95.0
Deversoir
Great Bitter Lake
Small Bitter Lake
162
Suez, Suez Port
Petroleum Dock, Port Tewfik
Gulf of Suez
(Northward convoy waiting area)
Red Sea


Legend:
Navigable canal
Anchorage
Dock, industrial or logistical area
Village or town, feature
Railroad (defunct) with swing bridge
Governorate (capital)
1,000,000 and more
300,000–999,999
100,000–299,999
<99,999
Authorities
Cities and ports
Infrastructure
Marine life
History

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.