Port Authority Bus Terminal

The Port Authority Bus Terminal (colloquially known as the Port Authority and in initials as PABT) is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City. It is owned and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ). The bus terminal is located in Midtown at 625 Eighth Avenue between 40th Street and 42nd Street, one block east of the Lincoln Tunnel and one block west of Times Square. It is one of three bus terminals operated by the PANYNJ, the others being the George Washington Bridge Bus Station in Upper Manhattan and the Journal Square Transportation Center in Jersey City.

The PABT serves as a terminus and departure point for commuter routes, as well as for long-distance intercity routes, and is a major transit hub for New Jerseyans. The terminal is the largest in the United States and the busiest in the world by volume of traffic,[2] serving about 8,000 buses and 225,000 people on an average weekday and more than 65 million people a year.[3] It has 223 departure gates and 1,250 car parking spaces, as well as commercial and retail space.[4] In 2011, there were more than 2.263 million bus departures from the terminal.[5]

The PABT, opened in 1950 between Eighth and Ninth Avenues and 40th and 41st Streets, was built to consolidate the many different private terminals spread across Midtown Manhattan. A second wing, extending to 42nd Street, was added in 1979. Since then, the terminal has reached peak hour capacity, leading to congestion and overflow on local streets. It does not allow for layover parking; hence, buses are required to use local streets or lots, or return through the tunnel empty. The PANYNJ has been unsuccessful in its attempts to expand passenger facilities through public private partnership, and in 2011 it delayed construction of a bus depot annex, citing budgetary constraints. In June 2013, it commissioned an 18-month study that would consider options for reconfiguration, expansion, and replacement of the terminal.[6]

Port Authority Bus Terminal
PABT 42nd&8th
Eighth Avenue and West 42nd Street, and the world's largest LED mediamesh facade
Location625 8th Avenue
New York, NY
United States
Coordinates40°45′24″N 73°59′28″W / 40.75667°N 73.99111°WCoordinates: 40°45′24″N 73°59′28″W / 40.75667°N 73.99111°W
Owned byPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Platforms223 gates
ConnectionsNew York City Subway:
"1" train"2" train"3" train"7" train "7" express train​​ ​"A" train​ ​"C" train​ ​"E" train"N" train"Q" train"R" train"W" train42nd Street Shuttle at Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal
New York City Bus: M11, M20, M34A SBS, M42, M104, SIM8, SIM22, SIM23, SIM24, SIM25, SIM26, SIM30
Construction
Platform levels9[1]
Parking1250 spaces
Other information
WebsitePABT
History
OpenedDecember 15, 1950
Rebuilt1963 (parking decks)
1979 (annex)
2007 (seismic retrofit)
Location
PABT is located in Manhattan
PABT
PABT
PABT (Manhattan)
PABT is located in New York City
PABT
PABT
PABT (New York City)

History

Site

Greyhound Bus Terminal-34th Street- NYC...
The last of many bus terminals in Midtown, at Old Penn Station. In 1963, Greyhound became the last company to move to the PABT.

Before the PABT was constructed, there were several terminals scattered throughout Midtown Manhattan,[7] some of which were part of hotels. The Federal Writers Project's 1940 publication of New York: A Guide to the Empire State lists the All American Bus Depot on West 42nd, the Consolidated Bus Terminal on West 41st, and the Hotel Astor Bus Terminal on West 45th.[8] The Dixie Bus Center on 42nd Street, located on the ground floor of the hotel of the same name, opened in 1930 and operated until 1959.[9] The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad had coach service aboard a ferry to Communipaw Terminal in Jersey City that ran from an elegant bus terminal with a revolving bus platform in the Chanin Building at 42nd and Lexington.[7] Greyhound Lines had its own facility adjacent to Pennsylvania Station and did not move into the PABT until 1963, at which time all long-distance bus service to the city was consolidated at the terminal.[7][10]

The Lincoln Tunnel from Manhattan to New Jersey had opened in 1937. Within a year and a half of the tunnel's opening, five companies were operating 600 interstate bus trips through the tunnel every day.[11] The city opposed letting buses go through Midtown Manhattan because the buses caused congestion.[12] A large bus terminal near the mouth of Lincoln Tunnel was first mandated in December 1939, after the city announced that it would ban commuter buses from driving into congested parts of Midtown. The ban was supposed to go into effect in January 1941.[13] In July 1940, at the request of New York City mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia, the Port Authority started conducting a survey into the causes and effects of intercity and commuter bus traffic in Manhattan.[14] That December, Times Square Terminal Inc. filed an application to build and operate a commuter bus terminal from 41st to 42nd Streets between Eighth and Ninth Avenues. It was said that the $4 million terminal could be built in nine months.[15] Manhattan Borough President Stanley M. Isaacs proposed building a short $600,000 tube between the Lincoln Tunnel and the new terminal.[16] The city approved the construction of the new terminal and connecting tunnel in January 1941.[17] Meanwhile, New York Supreme Court Justice John E. McGeehan blocked La Guardia's proposed bus ban on the grounds that it was unreasonable.[18]

Plans for a bus terminal were delayed because of World War II, which used the resources intended for most projects that were not directly involved in the war effort. In June 1944, the New York state government allocated $180,000 to the Port Authority for studying the feasibility of constructing a bus terminal in Midtown Manhattan.[19] Early the next year, plans for a mid-Manhattan bus terminal were presented to the different bus companies.[20] While most major bus lines agreed to the plan, Greyhound did not, for it was already planning on expanding its then terminal near Penn Station.[21]

The New York City Board of Estimate approved the construction of the new terminal in January 1947. It was to be built one block south of the aborted Times Square Terminal Inc. site, on the block bounded by 40th and 41st Streets and Eighth and Ninth Avenues.[22] Plans for the structural design were revised substantially in March 1948, when the Port Authority added a 500-spot parking lot for cars atop the terminal's roof, to be accessed via a series of ramps.[23] The last industrial tenant on the future terminal's site moved away the following month,[24] and the Port Authority hosted a groundbreaking ceremony for the terminal in January 1949.[25]

Original construction and additions

Greyhound Prevost X3-45 (2009 scheme)
There are ramps to the Lincoln Tunnel, while the lower level of the North Wing connects with a tunnel under Ninth Avenue

The original Mid-Manhattan Bus Terminal (now the PABT's South Wing), built in the International Style, was opened on December 15, 1950, as a generic "Port Authority bus terminal".[26] A vertical addition of three parking levels, able to accommodate 1,000 cars, was completed in 1963.[27] In 2007, the South Wing underwent a seismic retrofit in a $52 million building code-compliance project to reinforce and stabilize it against earthquakes.[28]

Plans to expand the bus station to 42nd Street were floated as early as 1965.[29] The North Wing was opened in 1979.[30] This expansion increased capacity by 50 percent, and created a new façade comprising 27 steel X-shaped trusses.[27][31] Assessing this façade design, Virtualtourist listed the PABT in 2008 as one of the "World's Top 10 Ugliest Buildings and Monuments".[32]

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the area in and around the PABT was considered dangerous by police, tourists, and commuters due to high crime, prostitution, vagrant behavior, and inadequate upkeep and law enforcement in the building and nearby Times Square, especially after dark, but this is no longer the case. During 1997, the terminal was the subject of a study, coordinated by Professor Marcus Felson of Rutgers University, which identified strategic changes to the building's design and area supervision with a view to reducing crime and other problems.[1]

Expansion proposals

Air rights

The PANYNJ has attempted to further expand the terminal through public–private partnerships by leasing air rights over the North Wing.

In 1999, a 35-story building, to be known as 7 Times Square, was proposed to be constructed over the North Wing and a golf driving range was to be constructed over the South Wing.[33] However, the project was put on hold in 2001 due to a decline in the economy following the dot com bust.[34]

Between 2000 and 2011, the PANYNJ worked with Vornado Realty Trust, which had partnered with the Lawrence Ruben Company.[35] In November 2007, the PANYNJ announced the terms of an agreement in which it would receive nearly $500 million in a lease arrangement for a new office tower that would also provide funds for additional terminal facilities.[36] It would include 1,300,000 square feet (120,000 m2) of commercial space in a new office tower, which was to use the vanity address 20 Times Square, the addition of 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) of new retail space in the bus terminal, as well as 18 additional departure gates, accommodating 70 additional buses carrying up to 3,000 passengers per hour. New escalators would be installed to help move passengers more quickly between the gate area and the ground floor. Construction was expected to begin in 2009 or 2010, and take four years to complete.[37][38] After an architectural competition, the PANYNJ selected the design by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Richard Rogers from Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners for a 45-story office tower with an overall height of 855 feet (261 m).[39][40][41] The agreement expired in August 2009,[42] and in May 2010, Vornado was given a retroactive extension on the deadline to August 2011.[43] In July 2011, Vornado announced they had found a new partner to partially finance the tower,[35] but in November 2011, the new backers pulled out of the project.[44]

In June 2014, the PANYNJ received a higher price than anticipated for the sale of nearby property, $115 million versus $100 million. The value of air rights above the terminal would be higher than previously appraised, thanks to rising property values in the area surrounding the terminal and an indication of the rising value air rights above the terminal.[45] The agency had intentions to release a request for proposals for air-rights development in 2014–2015.[46]

West Side bus depot

Trans-Bridge Lines MCI D4500 8560
Many buses lay over on city streets or make non-passenger bus trips through the Lincoln Tunnel for daytime parking

The Port Authority allows for limited layovers of buses, thus requiring companies to make other arrangements during off-peak hours and between trips. Many park on local streets or parking lots during the day, while others make a round-trip without passengers through the Lincoln Tunnel to use layover facilities in New Jersey.[47] Bus layover parking on city streets is regulated by the NYDOT, which assigns locations throughout the city. In the vicinity of the PABT, these are concentrated on the side streets between Ninth and Twelfth Avenues from 30th Street to 60th Street.[48]

Various studies and news reports have concluded that there is a need for a new bus depot in Midtown.[49][50][51][52] In a joint study by New York City and PANYNJ, it was determined that a preferred location for a bus depot was at Galvin Plaza located on 39th to 40th Streets between Tenth and Eleventh Avenues. However, this proposed location for commuter buses would not have capacity for charter buses and tour buses.[49]

The PANYNJ announced considerable toll increases on its crossings between New York and New Jersey in August 2011, citing as one of their reasons the construction of an $800 million "new bus garage connected to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, which will serve as a traffic reliever to the Lincoln Tunnel and midtown Manhattan streets, saving two-thirds of the empty bus trips that must make two extra trips through the tunnel each day."[53] Originally included in the PANYNJ 2007–2016 Capital Plan,[54] construction of the garage was scrapped by the agency in October 2011, after it cited budgetary constraints due to an arrangement whereby the toll increases would be incrementally implemented.[47]

In April 2012, the director of the PANYNJ reported that a proposal had been made by developer Larry Silverstein, who has a memorandum of understanding to develop a property at 39th Street and Dyer Avenue near the ramps between the tunnel and the terminal, to construct a bus garage with a residential tower above it.[55][56] This parcel is not large enough to accommodate bus ramps and would require the use of elevators, which seemed to be a new type of application for bus storage.[57] The proposal has not progressed any further.

In 2014, the PANYNJ made an application for a $230 million grant to the Federal Transit Administration for development of the garage.[46]

Bus Terminal replacement proposals

Midtown Bus Master Plan

In June 2013, the PANYNJ commissioned an 18-month study that was to consider reconfiguration, expansion, and replacement options for the PABT and new bus staging and storage facilities on Manhattan's West Side.[3] The $5.5 million contract awarded to Kohn Pedersen Fox and Parsons Brinkerhoff would look into potential public-private financing, including the sale of air rights and cost-sharing with private bus carriers.[6][58][59]

Bus Terminal replacement competition

In 2016, the Port Authority invited a number of development teams to propose ideas for replacement of the existing bus terminal.[60]

Art and advertising

Watching the machine
George Rhoads's 1983 rolling ball sculpture 42nd Street Ballroom

The Commuters, a sculpture of three weary bus passengers and a clock salvaged from the original terminal by George Segal, was unveiled in the main ticket area in 1982.[61] 42nd Street Ballroom, a rolling ball sculpture by George Rhoads on the main floor of the North Wing, was installed in 1983.[62] A statue of Jackie Gleason in the guise of one of his most famous characters, the bus driver Ralph Kramden, stands in front of the main entrance to the original South Wing. The plaque reads, "Jackie Gleason as Ralph Kramden - Bus Driver - Raccoon Lodge Treasurer - Dreamer - Presented by the People of TV Land".[63]

Triple Bridge Gateway, completed in 2009, is an art installation by Leni Schwendinger Light Projects, underneath the ramps connecting the tunnel and the terminal; it is part of the transformation of the Ninth Avenue entrance of the South Wing.[64][65][66]

In July 2011, the PABT became home to the world's largest mediamesh, a stainless steel fabric embedded with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for various types of media, art, and advertising imagery. The LED imagery façade covers 6,000 square feet, and wraps around the corner of 42nd Street and Eighth Avenue.[67][68]

Configuration

Information and ticketing

For many years there was no timetable board displaying departures at the PABT; passengers were required to inquire at information booths or ticket counters for schedules and departure gates. In 2015, both the Port Authority and NJ Transit installed screens listing upcoming scheduled departures, though buses are not tracked so delays are not communicated via this method.

Tickets can be purchased on the main level (ground floor) of the South Wing at the main ticket plaza; Greyhound, Trailways and Short Line have additional ticket counters in the terminal.

New Jersey Transit (NJT) maintains a customer service counter at the terminal on the south wing main level (open weekdays).[69] NJT has ticket vending machines (TVM) throughout the terminal. Effective in 2009, passengers boarding NJT buses are required to purchase a ticket before boarding.[70] In April 2012, NJT began re-equipping machines that would give change for those paying cash with bills rather than $1 coins.[71] NJT also accepts contactless payment systems (including, since October 2011, Google Wallet) at TVMs and ticket windows.[72]

Gates

Port Authority Bus Terminal interior
Escalators and stairs carry passengers to individually enclosed pull-through island platforms at departure gates numbered 200 and up.

There are 223 departure gates of either saw-tooth or pull-through island platforms design[1] at PABT. At the Subway Level, or lower level of both wings, Gates 1-85 are predominantly used for long-distance travel and jitneys, and overnight hours (1 a.m. to 6 a.m.) for commuter lines. From 6 a.m. to 1 a.m., during the hours of normal operation, Gates 200–425, numbered to indicate the different boarding areas (100, 200, 300, etc.) within the complex are accessible from the 2nd floor and serve short-haul commuter lines.[73] Most NJ Transit routes and New Jersey private carrier commuter routes are on the 200, 300, and 400 levels.

Retail and entertainment

Like other transit hubs, the PABT has undergone a series of renovations to create a mall-like sphere to promote its retail, food, entertainment, and services spaces.[74][75] There are numerous franchise stores, such as Heartland Brewery, Au Bon Pain, Jamba Juice, Starbucks, Hudson News, Duane Reade, GNC, plus a United States Postal Service branch station, as well as a variety of restaurants and bars throughout the terminal.[76] Frames, a bowling alley (previously long known as Leisure Time Bowling) occupies a large space on the 2nd floor.[77][78]

Companies

Port Authority is served by the following lines:[79]

Port-authority-bus
Gates 1-85 on the lower level of the terminal are used for inter-city departures.

Connecting transport

42nd St PABT sta jeh
Subway entrance and cab stand on Eighth Avenue. Extensive underground passageways connect various stations & PABT.

Direct underground passageways connect the terminal with the 1, ​2, ​3​, 7, <7>​​, ​A​, ​C​, ​E​, N, ​Q, ​R, ​W​, and S trains in the New York City Subway at the Times Square – 42nd Street / 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal station complex.

New York City Transit Manhattan buses, operated by New York City Bus, stop immediately outside the terminal.

In the last decade, numerous jitney routes serving Hudson and Passaic counties in northern New Jersey pick up passengers inside the bus terminal or on the street outside the terminal. Dollar vans operated by Spanish Transportation to Paterson and Community Lines jitneys to Journal Square use platforms on the lower level.[87] Routes to Bergenline Avenue/GWB Plaza, and Boulevard East depart from 42nd Street outside the bus terminal's North Wing.[88][89][90][91][92][93]

In 2011, a controversy arose when Megabus, a long-distance carrier using double-decker buses, with the permission of the New York City Department of Transportation, began to use the streets and sidewalk at the terminal. The director of the PANYNJ, citing safety, as well as other long-haul companies (which paid rent to use the terminal) citing unfair competitive advantage, were opposed to the permission to allow the company use of 41st Street directly beneath the connection between the two wings of the Port Authority.[94] Despite these concerns and complaints, Megabus was initially permitted to stay.[95] However, the permission was withdrawn later that year.[96] Megabus now largely uses street-side stops near the Javits Center (for pickup) and Penn Station (for drop-off), except for a limited number of routes which use the PABT.[97]

Capacity and overflow

Lincoln Tunnel Helix-XBL-Weehawken.tiff
The XBL, or exclusive bus lane, on Lincoln Tunnel Helix amid AM rush hour, leads to the PABT.

The PABT is the gateway for most bus and jitney traffic entering Manhattan[98] with more than 190,000 passengers[4] on 6,000 bus trips made through the Lincoln Tunnel and terminal daily.[99] The Lincoln Tunnel Approach and Helix (NJ 495) in Hudson County, New Jersey passes through a cut and descends the Hudson Palisades to the Lincoln Tunnel at the other end of which is the PABT.[100] Starting in 1964, studies were conducted to address the feasibility of an exclusive bus lane (XBL) during the weekday morning peak period.[101] The XBL, first implemented in 1970, serves weekday eastbound bus traffic between 6 a.m. and 10 a.m.[102] The lane is fed by the New Jersey Turnpike at Exits 16E and 17 and New Jersey Route 3. The helix, tunnel, and terminal are owned and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the bi-state agency that also implements the 2.5-mile (4.02 km) contraflow express bus left lane in three westbound lanes. The XBL serves over 1,800 buses and 65,000 bus commuters on regular weekday mornings and is a major component of the morning "inbound" commutation crossing the Hudson River.[102][103][104][105][106] Over 100 bus carriers utilize the Exclusive Bus Lane.[102] As of 2013, New Jersey Transit operates fifty-seven interstate bus routes through the Lincoln Tunnel, as do numerous regional and long-distance companies.[6]

Despite the XBL to the tunnel, there are often long delays due to congestion caused by the limited capacity of bus lanes for deboarding passengers at the bus terminal, which has reached its capacity.[107] leading to re-routing and overflow on local streets[107][108] In December 2011, the New Jersey Assembly passed a resolution calling upon the PANYNJ to address the issue of congestion.[99] Congestion contributed to a decline of the on-time performance of buses, which was 92 percent in 2012 and 85 percent in the first quarter of 2014.[82] Thomas Duane, representing New York's 29th Senate District which includes the area around the PABT, has also called for reduced congestion in the neighborhood.[109][110] A consortium of regional transportation advocates, the Tri-State Transportation Campaign, have proposed a reconfiguration and expansion of the terminal, a PM westbound XBL, bus stops at other Manhattan locations, and a new bus storage depot.[110] A proposed bus garage in Midtown, so that daytime turnover buses could avoid unnecessarily traveling through the tunnel without passengers, was scrapped by the agency in October 2011.[111][112][113] In May 2012, the commissioner of NJDOT suggested that some NJ Transit routes could originate/terminate at other Manhattan locations, notably the East Side; an arrangement requiring approval of the NYC Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) to use bus stops.[114]

Notes

  1. ^ NJT bus operations make up 70 percent of the terminal’s traffic. Approximately 79,000 NJT riders and another 30,000 commuters on private bus lines use the terminal each morning, arriving from New Jersey, Rockland County and Orange County in the Hudson Highlands and eastern Pennsylvania.[82]

References

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External links

2017 New York City attempted bombing

On December 11, 2017, a pipe bomb partially detonated in the subway station adjoining the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, injuring four people including the suspect. Mayor Bill de Blasio described the incident as "an attempted terrorist attack". The suspected bomber was identified by police as 27-year-old Akayed Ullah, a Salafi Muslim immigrant from Bangladesh.

42nd Street (Manhattan)

42nd Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, known for its theaters, especially near the intersection with Broadway at Times Square in Midtown. It is also the name of the region of the theater district (and, at times, the red-light district) near that intersection. The street has held a special place in New Yorkers' imaginations since at least the turn of the 20th century, and is the site of some of New York's best known buildings, including (east to west) the Headquarters of the United Nations, Chrysler Building, Grand Central Terminal, New York Public Library, Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal.

Academy Bus

Academy Bus Lines is a bus company in New Jersey providing local bus services in northern New Jersey, line-run services to/from New York City from points in southern and central New Jersey, and contract and charter service in the eastern United States from Boston to Miami. In 2014, Academy acquired Go Buses, which currently operates bus service between Boston and Washington, D.C. and in southern Florida. Academy is the third-largest motorcoach operator in the United States and Canada.Academy's fleet consists of a variety of motor coaches, including Motor Coach Industries motorcoaches, which are used for commuter and charter services. Nova Bus LFS, RTS, and New Flyer Industries D60LF buses are used for university contracts and charters. Services operated under contract to New Jersey Transit use NJT-owned and branded Nova Bus RTS and North American Bus Industries buses. Many of Academy's Motor Coach Industries and Nova Bus RTS bus fleet are owned by New Jersey Transit and leased to Academy. These NJT-owned buses are Academy-branded and used on services directly controlled by Academy.

Broadway Bus Terminal

The Broadway Bus Terminal is a major local and regional bus terminal in Paterson, New Jersey operated by New Jersey Transit.

It is located on Broadway between Memorial Drive and West Broadway in Downtown Paterson, putting it near Passaic County Community College and a few blocks from Paterson City Hall and the Great Falls Historic District, including the Great Falls (Passaic River).

DeCamp Bus Lines

DeCamp Bus Lines is an apportioned bus company serving Essex County, New Jersey and Passaic County, New Jersey, with line-run and charter service to and from Manhattan. Because there are no fixed stops other than terminals, buses can be hailed to board; riders can request a stop to exit.

Local passengers within New Jersey are not carried on any line except for the 32.

Eleven Times Square

Eleven Times Square is a 40-story, 1,100,000-square-foot (102,193 m2) LEED Gold-certified office and retail tower located on Eighth Avenue at W. 42nd Street in the Times Square neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, directly across from the Port Authority Bus Terminal and immediately north of The New York Times Building. The tower was completed in 2011 and rises 601 feet (183 m), making it the 128th tallest building in New York City. It was developed by New York City-based SJP Properties in partnership with Prudential Real Estate Investors, and was designed by the renowned architect Dan Kaplan of FXFOWLE.

Tenants include Microsoft Corp., global law firm Proskauer Rose, global hedge fund Moore Capital Management, British Telecom, E*TRADE,, Kepos Capital and eMarketer. The tower’s 55,000 square feet (5,110 m2) of retail space is leased to Parques Reunidos, who will operate a Lionsgate Entertainment Palace in 2019.

In February 2015, Norges Bank Investment Management purchased a 45-percent stake in 11 Times Square. SJP Properties and Prudential Real Estate Investors continue to own and control the building, and SJP Properties continues to manage, lease and operate the building.11 Times Square features concierge-level services including a high-tech elevator dispatch system; an advanced visitor check-in system; a secured, fully efficient loading dock; and a messenger/mail center and delivery area specifically designed to maximize ease of use by tenants. The building also provides LEED Platinum-level indoor air quality and features highly efficient office space with floor-to-ceiling windows and column-free corner offices, as well as multiple private terraces. 11 Times Square's lobby features a kinetic mobile installation designed by artist Tim Prentice.The building is in close proximity to several modes of public transportation. It is across from the Port Authority Bus Terminal. In addition, it has direct access to the New York City Subway, with an entrance to the Times Square - 42nd Street subway station (1, ​2, ​3​, 7, <7>​​, ​A​, ​C​, ​E​, N, ​Q, ​R, ​W​, and S trains) located inside the building façade.

Hackensack Bus Terminal

Hackensack Bus Terminal, also called the Hackensack Bus Transfer, is a regional bus station in downtown Hackensack, New Jersey, owned and operated by New Jersey Transit.

The bus station was built in the 1970s and was extensively renovated in 2007. An outdoor central island boarding–disembarking area surrounds an indoor waiting room and ticketing facilities. Service from nearby bus stops travels to locations in Bergen, Passaic, Essex and Hudson counties as well as the Port Authority Bus Terminal and George Washington Bridge Bus Station in New York City. In October 2018, the Hackensack Transit Connector, servicing the bus terminal, the city's train stations, and the County Courthouse Complex, was initiated.

Irvington Bus Terminal

Irvington Bus Terminal is a regional bus terminus in Irvington, New Jersey. It is owned and operated by New Jersey Transit (NJT) and is served by buses traveling to Newark and other points in Essex County, to Union and Passaic counties, and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. The terminal was originally built in 1947 and underwent significant renovation and expansion in the early 2000s. It is one of the NJT's busiest facilities, daily serving over 12,500 passengers with more than 450 bus trips. and is origination/termination point for one of Greater Newark's bus rapid transit (BRT) lines. In July 2015, the central business district around the terminal was designated a transit village, qualifying it for incentives for revitalization.

List of NJ Transit bus routes (300–399)

New Jersey Transit operates the following bus routes, which are mostly focused on long-distance travel, special-event service, or park-and-ride service.

NYC Express Bus

NYC Express Bus, formerly known as NYC Airporter, is an airport transfer service. NYC Express bus service operates express motor coaches between New York metropolitan area airports and Manhattan owned by Golden Touch Transportation of NY, Inc. It is the only permitted official operator of express airport bus service for the New York City Department of Transportation and Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (the airports' operator).

NYC Express bus is managed by Golden Touch Transportation, a Transdev affiliate, and operated by franchised bus operators using Golden Touch/NYC Airporter-branded vehicles. These vehicles include diesel and hybrid-electric cutaway buses built on IC Bus chassis, Gillig transit buses, and others. Operations began on January 2011 when Golden Touch acquired the John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport express airport bus permit with the NYCDOT and Port Authority, previously held by New York Airport Service (which now operates vans instead of their buses), allowing Golden Touch to begin express service from Manhattan to the two airports. The service was branded NYC Airporter, “Your Express Ride to New York City”. Buses travel between scheduled stops at John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport to streetside pickup and dropoff points near New York Penn Station, Grand Central Terminal, and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan. It also books customers through Coach USA Olympia Trails' Newark Airport Express bus service, where customers traveling into Kennedy or LaGuardia going to Newark Liberty International Airport can purchase one ticket from NYC Airporter to transfer to Olympia's bus service in Manhattan.

Nungessers

Nungessers is the name of the confluence of roads that meet at the Hudson and Bergen county line at North Bergen and Fairview in northeastern New Jersey. The area is the former site of the Nungesser's Gutenberg Racetrack, a late 19th-century gaming and gambling venue. The neighborhood just south of Nungesser's is called the Racetrack Section and the municipality of Guttenberg is nearby. A White Castle, an early drive-in fast-food chain, originally built in the 1930s has long been a landmark in the neighborhood, as has adjacent North Hudson Park.

Rockland Coaches

Rockland Coaches Inc. (also known as The Red and Tan Lines) is a commuter coach company owned by Coach USA based in Westwood, New Jersey, United States, that operates commuter bus service between New York City and points in Bergen County, New Jersey and Rockland County, New York, and provides local bus service in both locales north of Route 46.

Short Line (bus company)

Short Line is a brand name for three different Coach USA companies, Hudson Transit Lines, Hudson Transit Corporation, and Chenango Valley Bus Lines that provide local, commuter and intercity bus service in lower New York State, primarily along the Route 17 and Southern Tier corridor. Coach USA acquired the companies in 1998.

Suburban Transit

Suburban Transit is a bus operator in central New Jersey owned by Coach USA which provides commuter bus service from Mercer, Somerset, and Middlesex County to New York City and local bus service along the New Jersey Route 27 and U.S. Route 130 in Middlesex County.

The Plaza at Harmon Meadow

The Plaza at Harmon Meadow is a shopping complex in the Meadowlands of Secaucus, New Jersey, approximately six miles from New York City. It was developed by Hartz Mountain Industries, whose corporate offices are located in the Plaza. The Plaza, which Hartz refers to as a “mixed-use community”, encompasses 175 acres (0.71 km2), and consists of over 3,500,000 square feet (330,000 m2) of hotel, office, retail, and restaurants space. It was purchased by Howard Michaels's Carlton Group in 2015.In addition to its offices, The Plaza at Harmon Meadow has a convention center, a 14-screen Kerasotes Theatres complex, the Meadowlands Exposition Center, The Mall at Mill Creek, and its own post office. The International Council of Shopping Centers lists the mall as having a Gross leasable area (GLA) of 400,000 square feet (37,000 m2).The Plaza at Harmon Meadow is bound on the south by Route 3 and Paterson Plank Road. The mall is accessible via the bus lines 78 from Newark, 85 from New Jersey (Jersey City and Union City), and the 190 and 320 interstate bus lines, which travel to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.From June 30 to July 1, 2012, it was host to BronyCon, a fan based convention for the television program My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.

In 2015, the Meadowlands Exposition Center, which is located in the Plaza, became the hosting location for the East Coast Comicon, having moved there from Asbury Park.

Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway)

Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal is a New York City Subway station complex located under Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal, at the intersection of 42nd Street, Seventh and Eighth Avenues, and Broadway in Midtown Manhattan. It is the busiest station complex in the system, serving 64,531,511 passengers in 2016.The complex allows free transfers between the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle, the BMT Broadway Line, the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and the IRT Flushing Line, with a long transfer to the IND Eighth Avenue Line one block west at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal. The complex is served by the:

1, 2, 3, 7, A, E, N, and Q trains at all times

W train during weekdays

C, R, and 42nd Street Shuttle (S) trains at all times except late nights

<7> trains during rush hours in the peak direction

Trans-Bridge Lines

Trans-Bridge Lines is an interstate bus transportation company operating in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. It has daily service to New York City and Philadelphia.

Transport of Rockland

The Transport of Rockland (TOR) is the bus system for Rockland County, New York, providing service along major routes in Rockland County, as well as connections to Clarkstown Mini-Trans in Clarkstown, Spring Valley Jitney in Spring Valley, the Bee-Line Bus System in Westchester as well as connections to Rockland Coaches and Short Line Bus routes providing commuter and local service to Northern New Jersey and New York City's Port Authority Bus Terminal, George Washington Bridge Bus Station, 5th Avenue, and Long Island. Annual ridership in 2008 was 3,862,232.

Wayne Route 23 Transit Center

The Wayne Route 23 Transit Center is a mass transportation hub located in Wayne, New Jersey, USA. Operated by NJ Transit, the complex consists of two major components. One is a bus terminal that provides service to Port Authority Bus Terminal, Newark Penn Station, and intermediate points in the surrounding area. The other is a train platform that is connected to the Montclair-Boonton Line and offers service to Hoboken Terminal, connecting service to New York Penn Station, and local service to points between Montclair State University and Hackettstown. It is located off of the southbound lanes of New Jersey Route 23 on West Belt Road, near the interchange where Route 23, I-80, and US 46 meet, across from the Willowbrook Mall. The station opened in January 2008 and has 1,000 parking spaces.New Jersey Transit intends for this combined rail and bus station to become an "interceptor station," that will help relieve the habitual congestion at the West Belt Road Interchange, where the three major highways meet. In addition, the construction of the station was meant to also ease the congestion at what was then Route 23 Park & Ride, a bus depot on Route 23 North that has since been renamed Mother's Park & Ride, and the Willowbrook Mall Park & Ride; the now-Mother's site had limited parking while NJT was having trouble with overfull parking areas at Willowbrook.

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