Population Estimates Program

The Population Estimates Program (PEP) is a program of the US Census Bureau that publishes annual population estimates and estimates of birth, death, and international migration rates for people in the United States.[1] In addition to publishing those aggregate estimates for the entire country, the program also publishes those yearly estimates by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin at the national, state, county and city and town level. By doing so, the Population Estimates Program provides up-to-date information on how the size and distribution of the US population has changed each year since the most recent 10-year US Census.[2]

The estimates produced by the Population Estimates Program are used in determining how federal funds should be allocated throughout the United States.[1] The annual population estimates are also used as controls for the American Community Survey and the Current population survey (US), which in turn measure diverse demographic data on social, economic and housing characteristics of people in the United States.[1][3]

The basic procedure the Population Estimates Program uses to measure population is to take the updated population count reported by the last US Census, plus the number of births to US resident women, minus the number of deaths of US residents, plus the net number of international migrants. Estimates for the number of US resident births and deaths are based on data on birth certificates and death certificates provided by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Estimates for net international migration are based on information from the American Community Survey, NCHS, and the previous census.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population Estimates Program Overview". US Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2011-07-10.
  2. ^ Smith, Amy Symens (December 1998). "The American Community Survey and Intercensal Population Estimates: Where Are The Crossroads?". Retrieved 2011-07-10.
  3. ^ "American Community Survey (ACS) Questions and Answers". US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics Information and Analysis.
  4. ^ "Methodology for the United States Resident Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin (Vintage 2009): April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009" (PDF). US Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2011-07-10.

External links

Auburn, Massachusetts

Auburn is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 16,188 at the 2010 census.

Barre, Massachusetts

Barre is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 5,398 at the 2010 census.

Dudley, Massachusetts

Dudley is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 11,390 at the 2010 census.

Gill, Massachusetts

Gill is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,500 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The campus of Northfield Mount Hermon School is located in the Mount Hermon section of the town.

Holbrook, Massachusetts

Holbrook is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, the town population was 10,791.

Holden, Massachusetts

Holden is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The town was founded in 1741, and the Town Square (center) was donated by John Hancock, former Governor of Massachusetts.

The population was 17,346 at the 2010 census.

Lincoln, Massachusetts

Lincoln is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,400 according to 2010 estimates, including residents of Hanscom Air Force Base that live within town limits. Lincoln is among the wealthiest towns in the United States.

Montague, Massachusetts

Montague is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 8,437 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan statistical area.

The villages of Montague Center, Montague City, Lake Pleasant, Millers Falls, and Turners Falls are located in the town of Montague; Turners Falls, comprising over half the population of the town and its main business district, is sometimes used as a metonym for the entire town of Montague.

North Reading, Massachusetts

North Reading (pronounced, as is with Reading as North REDD-ing) is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 14,892 at the 2010 census.

Oakham, Massachusetts

Oakham is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,902 at the 2010 census.

Phillipston, Massachusetts

Phillipston is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,682 at the 2010 census.

Pittsboro, North Carolina

Pittsboro is a town in Chatham County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,743 at the 2010 census and estimated to 4,221 at the 2017 Population Estimates Program (PEP) of the U.S. Census Bureau. It is the county seat of Chatham County.

Race and ethnicity in the United States

Race and ethnicity in the United States is a complex topic both because the United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population and because the country had a heavily racist culture involving slavery and anti-miscegenation laws. At the federal level, race and ethnicity have been categorized separately.

The most recent United States Census officially recognized five racial categories (White American, Black or African American, Native American and Alaska Native, Asian American, and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. The Census Bureau also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation. The United States Supreme Court unanimously held that "race" is not limited to Census designations on the "race question" but extends to all ethnicities, and thus can include Jewish (which has the unique status as both an ethnicity and a religion), Arab, Hungarian, Laotian, Zulu, etc. The Census also asked an "Ancestry Question," which covers the broader notion of ethnicity, in the 2000 Census long form and the American Community Survey; the question will return in the 2020 Census.As of July 2016, White Americans are the racial majority. African Americans are the largest racial minority, comprising an estimated 12.7% of the population. Hispanic and Latino Americans are the largest ethnic minority, comprising an estimated 17.8% of the population. The White, non-Hispanic or Latino population make up 61.3% of the nation's total, with the total White population (including White Hispanics and Latinos) being 76.9%.White Americans are the majority in every census-defined region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West) and in every state except Hawaii, but contribute the highest proportion of the population in the Midwestern United States, at 85% per the Population Estimates Program (PEP) or 83% per the American Community Survey (ACS). Non-Hispanic Whites make up 79% of the Midwest's population, the highest ratio of any region. However, 35% of White Americans (whether all White Americans or non-Hispanic/Latino only) live in the South, the most of any region.Currently, 55% of the African American population lives in the South. A plurality or majority of the other official groups reside in the West. The latter region is home to 42% of Hispanic and Latino Americans, 46% of Asian Americans, 48% of American Indians and Alaska Natives, 68% of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, 37% of the "two or more races" population (Multiracial Americans), and 46% of those self-designated as "some other race".

Rutland, Massachusetts

Rutland is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,973 at the 2010 census. Rutland is the geographic center of Massachusetts; a tree, the Central Tree, located on Central Tree Road, marks the general spot.

Tolland, Massachusetts

Tolland is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 485 at the 2010 census, making it the smallest town in Hampden County by population.

Wales, Massachusetts

Wales is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,838 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wayland, Massachusetts

Wayland is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,444 at the 2010 census. Wayland is part of the fifth congressional district of Massachusetts.

For geographic and demographic information on Cochituate, which is part of Wayland, please see the article Cochituate, Massachusetts.

Whately, Massachusetts

Whately (WAIT-lee NOT WHAT-LEY) is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,496 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wrentham, Massachusetts

Wrentham is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 10,955 at the 2010 census.

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