Pope Mark

Pope Mark (Latin: Marcus; died 7 October 336) was Pope of the Catholic Church from 18 January to 7 October 336.

Little is known of his early life. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was a Roman, and his father's name was Priscus. Mark succeeded St. Sylvester as pope on 18 January 336. He held office only eight months and twenty days, dying on 7 October following.[1]

Some evidence suggests that the early lists of bishops and martyrs known as the Depositio episcoporum and Depositio martyrum were begun during his pontificate. Per the Liber Pontificalis, Pope Mark issued a constitution investing the Bishop of Ostia with a pallium and confirming his power to consecrate newly elected popes. Also per the Liber Pontificalis, Pope Mark is credited with the foundation of the Basilica of San Marco in Rome, and a cemetery church over the Catacomb of Balbina, just outside the city on lands obtained as a donation from Emperor Constantine.[2]

Mark died of natural causes and was buried in the catacomb of Balbina. In 1048 his remains were removed to the town of Velletri, and from 1145 were relocated to the Basilica of San Marco in Rome, where they are kept in an urn under the altar. His feast day is celebrated on 7 October.[2] He is particularly venerated at the Abbadia San Salvatore at Monte Amiata.

Pope Saint

Papacy began18 January 336
Papacy ended7 October 336
PredecessorSylvester I
SuccessorJulius I
Personal details
Birth nameMarcus
Died7 October 336
Feast day7 October

See also


  1. ^ Butler, Alban. "St. Mark, Pope", Lives of the Saints, Benziger Bros., 1894
  2. ^ a b Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Mark." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 16 Mar. 2015
Titles of the Great Christian Church
Preceded by
Sylvester I
Bishop of Rome

Succeeded by
Julius I

The 330s decade ran from January 1, 330, to December 31, 339.

== Events ==

=== 330 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

May 11 – Emperor Constantine the Great dedicates Constantinople, or Nova Roma (modern Istanbul), and moves the capitol of the Roman Empire there from Rome. He has spent 4 years building the city on the site of ancient Byzantium, having chosen the site for its strategic location (a seaport with easy access to Anatolia and the Danube). This forms the Roman splinter empire, known as the Byzantine Empire.

The Goths devastate the city of Tanais in the Don River delta.

====== Africa ======

Ezana, king of Axum, extends his area of control to the west. He defeats the Nobates, and destroys the kingdom of Meroë.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Frumentius is the first bishop of Ethiopia (approximate date).

Eustathius, Patriarch of Antioch, is banished to Trajanopolis.

The Bible is translated into the Gothic language by Wulfila.

Pagan temples begin to be progressively abandoned, destroyed or left to fall into disrepair, save those that are transformed into churches.

=== 331 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantine the Great vigorously promotes Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Roman Empire.

Constantine I dedicates the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.

Constantine I promulgates a law against divorce.

====== Asia ======

Gogugwon becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo.

==== By topic ====

====== Arts and sciences ======

Eusebius of Caesarea writes the Onomasticon.

====== Religion ======

Gregory the Illuminator withdraws to a small sanctuary in the Daranali province (Armenia).

=== 332 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantine I and his son Constantine II, aged 16, defeat the Goths in Moesia. The Goths become Roman allies and protect the Danube frontier.

Constantine I constructs a bridge across the Danube in order to increase trade between the Visigoths and Rome.

May 18 – Constantine I announces a free distribution of food to the citizens in Constantinople, similar to the food given out in the city of Rome. The amount is approximately 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

=== 333 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Flavius Dalmatius and Domitius Zenofilus are appointed consuls.

Emperor Constantine the Great pulls Roman troops out of Britain and abandons work on Hadrian's Wall.

Calocaerus revolts against Constantine I and proclaims himself emperor. Flavius Dalmatius, responsible for the security of the eastern frontier, is sent to Cyprus to suppress the rebellion.

December 25 – Constantine I elevates his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar at Constantinople.

====== China ======

Shi Hong succeeds his father Shi Le as Emperor of the Later Zhao Empire, in the Period of the Sixteen Kingdoms, but Shi Hong's third cousin Shi Hu held real power. Empress Dowager Liu (widow of Shi Le) failed to get rid of Shi Hu and Shi Hu had her deposed and killed.

=== 334 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Flavius Dalmatius puts down a revolt in Cyprus led by Calocaerus. Calocaerus is brought to Tarsus (Cilicia) and executed.

The Goths protect the Danube frontier against an invasion by the Vandals.

Emperor Constantine the Great reauthorises gladiatorial combat.

Julius Firmicus Maternus makes the first recorded observation of solar prominences, during an annular eclipse (July 17).

=== 335 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

September 14 – Emperor Constantine I consecrates the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

September 19 – Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar, with control of Thracia and Macedonia.

Hannibalianus, nephew of Constantine I, is made Rex Regum ("King of Kings of the Pontic people").

November 7 – Athanasius is banished to Trier, on charge that he prevented the corn fleet from sailing to Constantinople.

====== Asia ======

Samudragupta succeeds Chandragupta I as king of the Gupta Empire.

Tuoba Hena ousts Tuoba Yihuai as chieftain of the Tuoba Clan.

Emperor Shi Hu moves the capital of the Later Zhao state to Yecheng.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

First Synod of Tyre: Constantine I convenes a gathering of bishops at Tyre to depose and exile Patriarch Athanasius of Alexandria.

Constantine I reinstates the Alexandrian priest Arius (declared a heretic at the First Council of Nicaea in 325) in a synod at Jerusalem about a year before Arius' death.

September 13 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is consecrated.

December 31 – Pope Sylvester I dies at Rome after a 21-year reign. He is succeeded by Mark as the 34th pope.

=== 336 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The military successes of Emperor Constantine I result in most of Dacia being reconquered by the Roman Empire.

The first recorded customs tariff is in use in Palmyra.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

January 18 – Pope Mark succeeds Pope Sylvester I as the 34th pope.

Pope Mark begins to build the basilica of San Marco; the church is devoted to St. Mark.

Arius, Alexandrian priest, collapses in the street at Constantinople (approximate date).

Pope Mark dies at Rome after an 11-month reign. No successor is immediately found.

=== 337 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

May 22 – Constantine the Great, first Christian Roman emperor of the Western Empire (312–324), and of the Roman Empire (324–337), dies in Achyron, near Nicomedia, at age 65 after he is baptized by Eusebius of Nicomedia.

September 9 – Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augusti (see map).

September – A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, and officials of the Roman Empire, are executed for a purge against the sons of Constantine I.

====== Persia ======

King Shapur II of Persia begins a war against the Roman Empire. He sends his troops across the Tigris to recover Armenia and Mesopotamia.

Shapur II besieges the Roman fortress of Nisibis (Syria), but is repulsed by the forces under Lucilianus.

====== China ======

Murong Huang claims the title of Prince of Yan, effectively beginning the kingdom of Former Yan.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

February 6 – A 4-month papal vacancy ends. Pope Julius I succeeds Pope Mark as the 35th pope.

June 17 – Constantius II announces the restoration of Athanasius as Patriarch of Alexandria.

Paul I becomes Patriarch of Constantinople.

Christianity is declared an official religion in Caucasian Iberia, marking the rise of Christianity in Georgia.

=== 338 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Romans, allied with the Goths, arrive in the north of the Roman Empire to protect the Danube frontier.

Emperor Constantius II intervenes against the Persians in Armenia.

====== Persia ======

Shapur II, king of the Persian Empire, begins a widespread persecution of Christians; he orders forcible conversions to the state religion, Zoroastrianism, lest the Christians disrupt his realm while he is away fighting the Romans in Armenia and Mesopotamia.

====== Asia ======

Tuoba Yihuai, ruler of the Tuoba Dai clan, dies and is succeeded by his brother Tuoba Shiyijian.

==== By topic ====

====== Art ======

Church of Santa Costanza, Rome, is started to be built (approximate date).

====== Religion ======

Eusebius of Nicomedia becomes Patriarch of Constantinople after Paul I is banished.

Non-Christians are persecuted by the Roman Empire as pagans.

=== 339 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantius II hastens to his territory in the East, where a revived Persia under king Shapur II is attacking Mesopotamia. For the next 11 years the two powers engage in a war of border skirmishing with no real victor.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Pope Julius I gives refuge at Rome to the Alexandrian patriarch Athanasius, who is deposed and expelled during the First Synod of Tyre (see 335).

Eusebius of Nicomedia is made bishop of Constantinople, while another Arian succeeds Athanasius as bishop of Alexandria under the name Gregory.


Year 336 (CCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Nepotianus and Facundus (or, less frequently, year 1089 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 336 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


Azbakeya (Arabic: أزبكية‎; also spelled El Azbakeya) is one of the districts of Cairo, Egypt in the centre of Cairo, and contains many historically important establishments. One of these is the Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Azbakeya), which was inaugurated by Pope Mark VIII in 1800 and served as the seat of the Coptic Pope in Cairo from 1800 to 1971. Azbakeya was the place where the first Cairo Opera House was established, until it was burnt in 1970.

History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria

The History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria is a major historical work of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. It is written in Arabic, but draws extensively on Greek and Coptic sources.

The compilation was based on earlier biographical sources. It was begun by Severus Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ, although one scholar contests its attribution to him. It was continued by others including Michael, bishop of Tinnis (11th century, writing in Coptic, covering 880 to 1046), Mawhub ibn Mansur ibn Mufarrig, deacon of Alexandria, and Pope Mark III of Alexandria (for 1131 to 1167).

Mark Pope

Mark Edward Pope (born September 11, 1972) is an American basketball coach and is the head coach at Brigham Young University (BYU). A former college and professional player, he played for the Kentucky Wildcats, where he was part of a national championship team, and later the Indiana Pacers, Milwaukee Bucks, and Denver Nuggets of the NBA.

Mark the Evangelist

Mark the Evangelist (Latin: Mārcus; Greek: Μᾶρκος, romanized: Mârkos; Coptic: Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ Markos; Hebrew: מרקוס‎ Marqos; Arabic: مَرْقُس‎ Marqus; Amharic: ማርቆስ Marḳos; Berber languages: ⵎⴰⵔⵇⵓⵙ) is the traditionally ascribed author of the Gospel of Mark. Mark is said to have founded the Church of Alexandria, one of the most important episcopal sees of early Christianity. His feast day is celebrated on April 25, and his symbol is the winged lion.

Pope John XVIII of Alexandria

Pope John XVIII of Alexandria (Abba Youannis), 107th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Pope John XVIII was born in Fayoum, Egypt. His lay name was Joseph. He became a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony. At the departure of Pope Mark VII, he was unanimously chosen to succeed him. He was ordained at the church of Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo, on Sunday, 15 Paopi, 1486 A.M. (23 October 1769 AD)

The Seat of the Pope during his papacy remained in the Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum) in Cairo.

Pope Mark III of Alexandria

Pope Mark III of Alexandria, 73rd Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He was the son of Zura.

Before becoming Patriarch, Mark wrote the entries of the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria that covers the years between 1131 and 1167.

Pope Mark II of Alexandria

Not to be confused with Markianos of Alexandria (also called "Mark II" by those in the Greek Church of Alexandria).Pope Mark II of Alexandria, 49th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

Pope Mark IV of Alexandria

Pope Mark IV of Alexandria, 84th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

The episcopate of Pope Mark IV (البابا مرقس الرابع) lasted for 14 years, 4 months and 26 days from 5 September 1348 AD (8 Thout 1064 AM) to 31 January 1363 AD (8 Amsheer 1079 AM). He departed this world on 31 January 1363 AD after a great struggle, perseverance, and patience. Upon his death, he was buried in the monastery of Shahran (دير شهران). The See of St Mark remained vacant for 3 months and 6 days after his death.

In his time, the Papal Residence was at the Church of The Holy Virgin Mary & St Mercurius in Haret Zuweila (حارة زويلة) in Coptic Cairo.

Pope Mark VIII of Alexandria

Pope Mark VIII of Alexandria (Abba Marcos VIII), 108th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

He became a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony. During his papacy there were two major changes in ruling of Egypt as at the beginning Egypt was ruled by the Ottoman Empire then the French Invasion of Egypt in 1798 followed by the return of the Ottomans in 1801.

He inaugurated the Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Azbakeya in Cairo that was built by Ibrahim El-Gohary and moved the Seat of the Coptic Pope to this cathedral in 1800. from Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum).

Pope Mark VII of Alexandria

Pope Mark VII of Alexandria (Abba Marcos VII), 106th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Pope Mark VII was born in the city of Klosna, in the district of El Bahnasa, and his lay name was Simeon. He joined the Monastery of Saint Anthony at a young age, then moved to the Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite, where he became a monk and was ordained a priest. When Pope John XVII departed, he was chosen to succeed him. Pope Mark VII was ordained Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria on Sunday, 24 Pashons, 1461 A.M. (30 May 1745 AD) on the day of the feast of the entry of Christ to Egypt.

Pope Mark VII was contemporary of the Ottoman Sultans Mahmud I, Osman III, and Mustafa III.

He ordained a general bishop over Upper Egypt to shepherd its Christians. He also ordained HG John (Yoannis) the 14th as the 104th Metropolitan of Ethiopia.

Pope Mark VII occupied the Throne of Saint Mark for 23 years, 11 months, and 18 days. He departed on 12 Pashons 1485 A.M. (18 May 1769 AD), while he was residing in a monastery in Maadi. He was buried in the tombs of the Patriarchs at Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo. The Papal Throne was vacant after his departure for 5 months and 5 days.

Pope Mark VI of Alexandria

Pope Mark VI of Alexandria (Abba Marcos VI), 101st Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

Pope Mark evidently entertained the Syrian Bishop Ahatallah for some time during his papacy. Bishop Ahatallah was in Cairo when Pope Pope Mark received a letter from Thomas, Archdeacon of the Saint Thomas Christian community of India asking for a new bishop in the face of Portuguese dominance. Unable or unwilling to send someone from his own church, Pope Mark evidently suggested that Bishop Ahatallah go to India instead.

Pope Mark V of Alexandria

Pope Mark V of Alexandria, 98th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

Pope Peter V of Alexandria

Pope Peter V of Alexandria was the 83rd Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

His episcopate lasted for 8 years, 6 months and 6 days from 2 January 1340 AD (6 Tobi 1056 AM) to 6 July 1348 AD (14 Abib 1064 AM).

Upon his death, he was buried in the Church of the Holy Virgin (in Babylon El-Darag – aka Deir Al-Habash دير الحبش بمصر القديمة). The See of St Mark remained vacant for 60 days after his death, until his successor, Pope Mark IV, the 84th Patriarch, was elevated to the episcopal see on 5 September 1348 AD (8 Thout 1064 AM).

In his time, the Papal Residence was at the Church of The Holy Virgin Mary and St Mercurius in Haret Zuweila (حارة زويلة) in Coptic Cairo.

Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya

Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral is a Coptic Orthodox church in Azbakeya, Cairo. It was the seat of the Coptic Pope from 1800 to 1971.

Due to Ibrahim El-Gohary's influential position in the government and his great favor to the Muslim rulers, he was able to issue fatwas that permitted the Copts to rebuild the destroyed churches and monasteries.

This was of particular importance because the Copts were not allowed to build new churches or to repair old ones unless they got official government approval, which was rarely granted.

One of these churches that he built is Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Azbakeya in Cairo, that his brother completed and inaugurated by Pope Mark VIII in 1800.Ibrahim El-Gohary also donated many endowment of good land and money for the reconstruction, that amounted to 238 endowments as documented in the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate.

Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum)

Saint Mary Coptic Orthodox Church in Haret el-Roum (Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ⲉⲑ̅ⲩ̅ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲣⲁⲃⲏ ⲛ̀ⲣⲱⲙⲉⲟⲥ The Church of Holy Mother of God in Roman quarter) is a Coptic Orthodox church in el-Ghoureya, Cairo near the Saint Theodore.From 1660 to 1800 the church was the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria. In 1660 Pope Matthew IV of Alexandria transferred the seat to Church of the Virgin Mary to Saint Mary Church, where it remained until 1800 when Pope Mark VIII transferred the patriarchal seat to Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya.

San Marco Evangelista al Campidoglio, Rome

San Marco is a minor basilica in Rome dedicated to St. Mark the Evangelist located in the small Piazza di San Marco adjoining Piazza Venezia. It was first built in 336 by Pope Mark, whose remains are in an urn located below the main altar. The basilica is the national church of Venice in Rome.

The New Pope

The New Pope is an upcoming drama television series created and directed by Paolo Sorrentino for Sky Atlantic and HBO. It is a continuation to the 2016 limited series The Young Pope, originally announced as its second season. The eight-episode series stars Jude Law, reprising his role as Pope Pius XIII, and John Malkovich. It was co-produced by European production companies Wildside and Mediapro.The series will premiere in 2019 on Sky Atlantic in Italy.

1st–4th centuries
During the Roman Empire (until 493)
including under Constantine (312–337)
5th–8th centuries
Ostrogothic Papacy (493–537)
Byzantine Papacy (537–752)
Frankish Papacy (756–857)
9th–12th centuries
Papal selection before 1059
Saeculum obscurum (904–964)
Crescentii era (974–1012)
Tusculan Papacy (1012–1044/1048)
Imperial Papacy (1048–1257)
13th–16th centuries
Viterbo (1257–1281)
Orvieto (1262–1297)
Perugia (1228–1304)
Avignon Papacy (1309–1378)
Western Schism (1378–1417)
Renaissance Papacy (1417–1534)
Reformation Papacy (1534–1585)
Baroque Papacy (1585–1689)
17th–20th centuries
Age of Enlightenment (c. 1640-1740)
Revolutionary Papacy (1775–1848)
Roman Question (1870–1929)
Vatican City (1929–present)
21st century
History of the papacy
Virgin Mary
See also

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