Pope Lando

Lando (also known as Landus)[a][1] was Pope from c. September 913 to his death c. March 914.[2][3][4] His short pontificate fell during an obscure period in papal and Roman history, the so-called Saeculum obscurum (904–64). He was the last pope to use a papal name (in his case, his birth name) that had not been used previously until the election of Pope Francis in 2013.[b]

According to the Liber pontificalis, Lando was born in the Sabina, and his father was a wealthy Lombard count named Taino[c] from Fornovo.[4][6][7] The Liber also claims that his pontificate lasted only four months and twenty-two days. A different list of popes, appended to a continuation of the Liber pontificalis at the Abbey of Farfa and quoted by Gregory of Catino in his Chronicon Farfense in the twelfth century, gives Lando a pontificate of six months and twenty-six days. This is closer to the duration recorded by Flodoard of Reims, writing in the tenth century, of six months and ten days.[6] The end of his pontificate can be dated to between 5 February 914, when he is mentioned in a document of Ravenna, and late March or early April, when his successor, John X, was elected.[6]

Lando is thought to have been the candidate of Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum, and his wife, Theodora, who were the most powerful persons in Rome at the time.[8] The Theophylacti controlled papal finances through their monopoly of the office of vestararius, and also controlled the Roman militia and Senate.[6] During Lando's reign, Arab raiders, operating from their stronghold on the Garigliano river, destroyed the cathedral of San Salvatore in Vescovio in his native diocese.[9] No document of Lando's chancery has survived. The only act of his reign that is recorded is a donation to the diocese of Sabina mentioned in a judicial act of 1431.[6] Lando made the large personal gift in order to restore the cathedral of San Salvatore so that the clergy who were then living at Toffia could return.[7][4]

Pope

Lando
Pope Lando Illustration
Papacy beganJuly or August 913
Papacy endedFebruary or March 914
PredecessorAnastasius III
SuccessorJohn X
Personal details
Birth nameLando
BornSabina, Papal States
Died5 February 914
Rome, Papal States
Previous postCardinal-Deacon of the Holy Roman Church (910-913)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In the first declension. Although sometimes less common in Medieval Latin, names ending in -o in Latin tend to be written in third declension (e.g. Landonis, Platonis in genitive case).
  2. ^ Pope John Paul I, elected in 1978, took a new combination of already used names, in honour of his two immediate predecessors, John XXIII and Paul VI.[5]
  3. ^ Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 1897), Vol. 3, p. 238, gives his father's name as Raino.

References

  1. ^ Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), The Lives of the Popes from the Time of our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII, I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., p. 245, retrieved 2013-04-25
  2. ^ Pietro Fedele, "Ricerche per la storia di Rome e del papato al. sec. X", Archivo della Reale Società Romana di Storia Patria, 33 (1910): 177–247.
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Lando" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ a b c J. N. D. Kelly and Michael Walsh, "Lando", The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press, 2010), p. 120.
  5. ^ The Conclave: August 25–26, 1978. Accessed 2013-03-18.
  6. ^ a b c d e Umberto Longo, "Landone, papa", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani 63 (2004).
  7. ^ a b Harald Zimmerman, "Lando", in Philippe Levillain, ed., The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, Gaius–Proxies (New York: Routledge, 2002), p. 896.
  8. ^ "Lando", The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, ed. J. N. D. Kelly, (Oxford University Press, 1988), 121.
  9. ^ Roger Collins, Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy, (Basic Books, 2009), 175.

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Anastasius III
Pope
913–914
Succeeded by
John X
910s

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

914

Year 914 (CMXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Lando

Lando may refer to:

Lando (name), a given name or surname of Italian origin

Lando Calrissian, fictional character in Star Wars

Pope Lando (913–914)

Landó (music), style of Peruvian music

Lando, South Carolina

Lando (horse), German racehorse that won the 1995 Japan Cup

Herbert v. Lando 441 U.S. 153 (1979), U.S. Supreme Court case involving Anthony Herbert (US soldier)

Lando (software)

Lando (name)

Lando is both a masculine Italian given name and a surname. Notable people with the name include:

Pope Lando, Roman Catholic Pope from 913 to 914

Lando, a 7th Century Bishop of Rheims

Lando, a 13th-century archbishop of Messina

Lando of Capua, name of several Italian rulers

Lando I of Capua

Lando II of Capua

Lando III of Capua

Lando IV of CapuaGiven name:

Lando Buzzanca (born 1935), Italian actor

Lando Ferretti (1895–1977), Italian journalist and politician

Lando Fiorini (born 1938), Italian actor and singer

Lando Ndasingwa (died 1994), Rwandan politician

Lando Norris (born 1999), British racing driverSurname:

Joe Lando (born 1961), American actor

Peter Lando, set decorator

Pietro Lando, Doge of Venice from 1538 to 1545

Teta Lando (1948–2008), Angolan musicianNickname:

Lando is a nickname for ice hockey player Gabriel LandeskogFictional characters:

Lando Calrissian, fictional character in Star Wars

Mathilda Lando, fictional character played by Natalie Portman in Léon: The Professional

List of cardinals created between 904–985

List of the cardinals attested in the contemporary sources during the period of pornocracy (904 – 964) and later until the election of Pope John XV in August 985. It certainly contains only small part of all cardinals living at that time because only small number of documents and other accounts useful for the reconstruction of that list have been preserved to our times.

The dates in the parentheses mark the first and last time when the cardinal appears in the sources.

List of popes by country

This page is a list of popes by country of origin. They are listed in chronological order within each section.

As the office of pope has existed for almost two millennia, many of the countries of origin of popes no longer exist, and so they are grouped under their modern equivalents. Popes from Italy are in a separate section, given the very large number of popes from that peninsula.

Pope John X

John X redirects here. It can also refer to John X of Antioch.

Pope John X can also refer to Pope John X of Alexandria.Pope John X (Latin: Ioannes X; d. 28 May 928) was Pope from March 914 to his death in 928. A candidate of the Counts of Tusculum, he attempted to unify Italy under the leadership of Berengar of Friuli, and was instrumental in the defeat of the Saracens at the Battle of Garigliano. He eventually fell out with Marozia, who had him deposed, imprisoned, and finally murdered. John’s pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.

Saeculum obscurum

Saeculum obscurum (Latin: the Dark Age) is a name given to a period in the history of the Papacy during the first two-thirds of the 10th century, beginning with the installation of Pope Sergius III in 904 and lasting for sixty years until the death of Pope John XII in 964. During this period, the popes were influenced strongly by a powerful and corrupt aristocratic family, the Theophylacti, and their relatives.

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