Pope Julius I

Pope Julius I (died 12 April 352) was Pope of the Catholic Church from 6 February 337 to his death in 352. He was notable for asserting the authority of the pope over the Arian Eastern bishops.

Pope Saint

Julius I
Iulius I
Papacy began6 February 337
Papacy ended12 April 352
PredecessorMark
SuccessorLiberius
Personal details
Birth nameJulius
BornRome, Western Roman Empire
Died12 April 352
Rome, Western Roman Empire
Sainthood
Feast day12 April
Other popes named Julius
Papal styles of
Pope Julius I
Emblem of the Papacy SE
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleSaint

Biography

Julius was a native of Rome and was chosen as successor of Pope Mark after the Roman see had been vacant for four months. He is chiefly known by the part he took in the Arian controversy. After the followers of Eusebius of Nicomedia, who had become the archbishop of Constantinople, renewed their deposition of Athanasius at a synod held in Antioch in 341, they resolved to send delegates to Constans, Emperor of the West, and also to Julius, setting forth the grounds on which they had proceeded. Julius, after expressing an opinion favourable to Athanasius, adroitly invited both parties to lay the case before a synod to be presided over by himself. This proposal, however, the Arian Eastern bishops declined to accept.[1]

On this second banishment from Alexandria, Athanasius came to Rome, and was recognised as a regular bishop by the synod presided over by Julius in 342. Julius sent a letter to the Eastern bishops that is an early instance of the claims of primacy for the bishop of Rome. Even if Athanasius and his companions were somewhat to blame, the letter runs, the Alexandrian Church should first have written to the pope. "Can you be ignorant," writes Julius, "that this is the custom, that we should be written to first, so that from here what is just may be defined" (Epistle of Julius to Antioch, c. xxii).[1]

It was through the influence of Julius that, at a later date, the council of Sardica in Illyria was held, which was attended only by seventy-six Eastern bishops, who speedily withdrew to Philippopolis and deposed Julius at the council of Philippopolis, along with Athanasius and others. The three hundred Western bishops who remained, confirmed the previous decisions of the Roman synod and issued a number of decrees regarding church discipline. The first canon forbade the transfer of bishops from one see to another, for if frequently made, it was seen to encourage covetousness and ambition.[2]

By its 3rd, 4th, and 5th decrees relating to the rights of revision claimed by Julius, the council of Sardica perceptibly helped forward the claims of the Bishop of Rome. Julius built several basilicas and churches in Rome and died there 12 April 352. He was succeeded by Liberius.[1]

Julius is considered a saint in the Catholic Church, with his feast day on 12 April.[1]

Christmas

Around 350 A.D. Pope Julius I declared December 25 as the official date of the birth of Jesus.[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Julius I." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 28 September 2017
  2. ^ Butler, Alban. “Saint Julius, Pope and Confessor”. Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Principal Saints, 1866. CatholicSaints.Info. 15 April 2013
  3. ^ 1949-, Crump, William D., (2013). The Christmas encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. p. 96. ISBN 9781476605739. OCLC 858762699.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Julius I". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

References

  • Duff, Eamon. Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes, Yale University Press, 2001, pp. 30–32. ISBN 0-300-09165-6

External links

Titles of the Great Christian Church
Preceded by
Mark
Bishop of Rome
Pope

337–352
Succeeded by
Liberius
330s

The 330s decade ran from January 1, 330, to December 31, 339.

== Events ==

=== 330 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

May 11 – Emperor Constantine the Great dedicates Constantinople, or Nova Roma (modern Istanbul), and moves the capitol of the Roman Empire there from Rome. He has spent 4 years building the city on the site of ancient Byzantium, having chosen the site for its strategic location (a seaport with easy access to Anatolia and the Danube). This forms the Roman splinter empire, known as the Byzantine Empire.

The Goths devastate the city of Tanais in the Don River delta.

====== Africa ======

Ezana, king of Axum, extends his area of control to the west. He defeats the Nobates, and destroys the kingdom of Meroë.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Frumentius is the first bishop of Ethiopia (approximate date).

Eustathius, Patriarch of Antioch, is banished to Trajanopolis.

The Bible is translated into the Gothic language by Wulfila.

Pagan temples begin to be progressively abandoned, destroyed or left to fall into disrepair, save those that are transformed into churches.

=== 331 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantine the Great vigorously promotes Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Roman Empire.

Constantine I dedicates the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.

Constantine I promulgates a law against divorce.

====== Asia ======

Gogugwon becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo.

==== By topic ====

====== Arts and sciences ======

Eusebius of Caesarea writes the Onomasticon.

====== Religion ======

Gregory the Illuminator withdraws to a small sanctuary in the Daranali province (Armenia).

=== 332 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantine I and his son Constantine II, aged 16, defeat the Goths in Moesia. The Goths become Roman allies and protect the Danube frontier.

Constantine I constructs a bridge across the Danube in order to increase trade between the Visigoths and Rome.

May 18 – Constantine I announces a free distribution of food to the citizens in Constantinople, similar to the food given out in the city of Rome. The amount is approximately 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

=== 333 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Flavius Dalmatius and Domitius Zenofilus are appointed consuls.

Emperor Constantine the Great pulls Roman troops out of Britain and abandons work on Hadrian's Wall.

Calocaerus revolts against Constantine I and proclaims himself emperor. Flavius Dalmatius, responsible for the security of the eastern frontier, is sent to Cyprus to suppress the rebellion.

December 25 – Constantine I elevates his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar at Constantinople.

====== China ======

Shi Hong succeeds his father Shi Le as Emperor of the Later Zhao Empire, in the Period of the Sixteen Kingdoms, but Shi Hong's third cousin Shi Hu held real power. Empress Dowager Liu (widow of Shi Le) failed to get rid of Shi Hu and Shi Hu had her deposed and killed.

=== 334 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Flavius Dalmatius puts down a revolt in Cyprus led by Calocaerus. Calocaerus is brought to Tarsus (Cilicia) and executed.

The Goths protect the Danube frontier against an invasion by the Vandals.

Emperor Constantine the Great reauthorises gladiatorial combat.

Julius Firmicus Maternus makes the first recorded observation of solar prominences, during an annular eclipse (July 17).

=== 335 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

September 14 – Emperor Constantine I consecrates the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

September 19 – Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar, with control of Thracia and Macedonia.

Hannibalianus, nephew of Constantine I, is made Rex Regum ("King of Kings of the Pontic people").

November 7 – Athanasius is banished to Trier, on charge that he prevented the corn fleet from sailing to Constantinople.

====== Asia ======

Samudragupta succeeds Chandragupta I as king of the Gupta Empire.

Tuoba Hena ousts Tuoba Yihuai as chieftain of the Tuoba Clan.

Emperor Shi Hu moves the capital of the Later Zhao state to Yecheng.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

First Synod of Tyre: Constantine I convenes a gathering of bishops at Tyre to depose and exile Patriarch Athanasius of Alexandria.

Constantine I reinstates the Alexandrian priest Arius (declared a heretic at the First Council of Nicaea in 325) in a synod at Jerusalem about a year before Arius' death.

September 13 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is consecrated.

December 31 – Pope Sylvester I dies at Rome after a 21-year reign. He is succeeded by Mark as the 34th pope.

=== 336 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The military successes of Emperor Constantine I result in most of Dacia being reconquered by the Roman Empire.

The first recorded customs tariff is in use in Palmyra.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

January 18 – Pope Mark succeeds Pope Sylvester I as the 34th pope.

Pope Mark begins to build the basilica of San Marco; the church is devoted to St. Mark.

Arius, Alexandrian priest, collapses in the street at Constantinople (approximate date).

Pope Mark dies at Rome after an 11-month reign. No successor is immediately found.

=== 337 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

May 22 – Constantine the Great, first Christian Roman emperor of the Western Empire (312–324), and of the Roman Empire (324–337), dies in Achyron, near Nicomedia, at age 65 after he is baptized by Eusebius of Nicomedia.

September 9 – Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augusti (see map).

September – A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, and officials of the Roman Empire, are executed for a purge against the sons of Constantine I.

====== Persia ======

King Shapur II of Persia begins a war against the Roman Empire. He sends his troops across the Tigris to recover Armenia and Mesopotamia.

Shapur II besieges the Roman fortress of Nisibis (Syria), but is repulsed by the forces under Lucilianus.

====== China ======

Murong Huang claims the title of Prince of Yan, effectively beginning the kingdom of Former Yan.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

February 6 – A 4-month papal vacancy ends. Pope Julius I succeeds Pope Mark as the 35th pope.

June 17 – Constantius II announces the restoration of Athanasius as Patriarch of Alexandria.

Paul I becomes Patriarch of Constantinople.

Christianity is declared an official religion in Caucasian Iberia, marking the rise of Christianity in Georgia.

=== 338 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Romans, allied with the Goths, arrive in the north of the Roman Empire to protect the Danube frontier.

Emperor Constantius II intervenes against the Persians in Armenia.

====== Persia ======

Shapur II, king of the Persian Empire, begins a widespread persecution of Christians; he orders forcible conversions to the state religion, Zoroastrianism, lest the Christians disrupt his realm while he is away fighting the Romans in Armenia and Mesopotamia.

====== Asia ======

Tuoba Yihuai, ruler of the Tuoba Dai clan, dies and is succeeded by his brother Tuoba Shiyijian.

==== By topic ====

====== Art ======

Church of Santa Costanza, Rome, is started to be built (approximate date).

====== Religion ======

Eusebius of Nicomedia becomes Patriarch of Constantinople after Paul I is banished.

Non-Christians are persecuted by the Roman Empire as pagans.

=== 339 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constantius II hastens to his territory in the East, where a revived Persia under king Shapur II is attacking Mesopotamia. For the next 11 years the two powers engage in a war of border skirmishing with no real victor.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Pope Julius I gives refuge at Rome to the Alexandrian patriarch Athanasius, who is deposed and expelled during the First Synod of Tyre (see 335).

Eusebius of Nicomedia is made bishop of Constantinople, while another Arian succeeds Athanasius as bishop of Alexandria under the name Gregory.

337

Year 337 (CCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Felicianus and Titianus (or, less frequently, year 1090 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 337 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

339

Year 339 (CCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Constantius and Claudius (or, less frequently, year 1092 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 339 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

340

Year 340 (CCCXL) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Acindynus and Valerius (or, less frequently, year 1093 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 340 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

340s

The 340s decade ran from January 1, 340, to December 31, 349.

== Events ==

=== 340 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Constantinople, capital of Emperor Constantius II, becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from Rome, capital of his brother Constans I.

Constantine II, Emperor of the central part of the Roman empire (the upper Danube, Italy and middle Africa), crosses the Alps and attacks the army of his brother Constans I, emperor of the western part of the Roman Empire (Britain, Gaul, the Rhine provinces and Iberia). They clash at Aquileia in northern Italy. Constantine is killed in a skirmish by an ambush of Constans' troops.

Constans is left sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire, with his other brother, Constantius II, Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Pope Julius I inveighs against Arianism at the Council of Rome.

Acacius succeeds Eusebius as bishop in the see of Caesarea.

Wulfila spreads evangelism among the Goths for 7 years.

=== 341 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Constans I bans pagan sacrifices and magic rituals under penalty of death.

Constans I begins a successful campaign against the Franks.

====== India ======

Samudragupta, ruler of the Gupta Empire, extends during a decade his kingdom and his influence over most of India. A pillar found at Allahabad sings his praises.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

The Council of Encaenia is held in Antioch.

Paul I is restored as Patriarch of Constantinople.

Thousands of Christians are executed at Seleucia in Mesopotamia.

Coptic Christianity is introduced into Ethiopia by the Syrian apostle Frumentius. He and his colleague Edesius were captured by Ethiopians a year or two ago, and have become civil servants at the Aksumite court of King Ezana. Frumentius becomes the first Bishop of Axum and encourages the Christian merchants present in the country to practise their faith openly.

=== 342 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Western Roman Emperor Constans campaigns in Britain against the Picts.

Constans campaigns victoriously against the Franks.

The senate abolishes gay marriage.

====== = Europe = ======

A large earthquake strikes Cyprus.

====== Asia ======

Goguryeo is invaded by Murong Huang of the Xianbei.

Jin Kangdi succeeds his brother Jin Chengdi as emperor of China.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Paul I, Patriarch of Constantinople, is deposed and replaced by Macedonius I.

February 15 – The original Hagia Sophia is dedicated in Constantinople.

=== 343 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Western Roman Emperor Constans I is in Britain, possibly in a military campaign against the Picts and Scots.

The Eastern Roman Emperor Constantius II campaigns in Adiabene, a vassal kingdom of Armenia (Persian Empire).

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Pope Julius I tries to unite the Western bishops against Arianism by convoking the Council of Serdika (later Sofia), which acknowledges the pope's supreme authority and grants him the right to judge cases involving the legal possession of episcopal sees, but only Western and Egyptian bishops attend, and Arianism remains strong.

=== 344 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Eastern Roman Emperor Constantius II campaigns in eastern Mesopotamia against the Sassanid Persians

Battle of Singara: The Roman army under Constantius wins a close victory at the strongly fortified city of Singara (Mesopotamia). His enemy, King Shapur II, is forced to lift the siege and withdraw the Persian army.

Shapur II besieges for the second time the Roman fortress of Nisibis in eastern Mesopotamia, but is repulsed by forces under the general Lucilianus.

====== Asia ======

Jin Mudi, age 1, succeeds his father Jin Kangdi as emperor of China. His mother Empress Dowager Chu, becomes the ruling authority at court and serves as regent.

Gye becomes king of the Korean kingdom of Baekje.

==== By topic ====

====== Art ======

The making of a detail of Admonitions of the Imperial Instructress to Court Ladies (attributed to Gu Kaizhi and being from the Six Dynasties period) begins (approximate year) and is completed in 406. It is now kept at the British Museum, London.

====== Religion ======

Bishop Eustorgius I brings relics of the Three Magi from Constantinople to Milan, according to a 12th century legend.

=== 345 ===

==== By place ====

====== India ======

The merchant Knai Thomman visits the Malabar Coast in Kerala (India) and assists the church there.

The Kadamba dynasty is founded by Mayurasharma.

====== Italy ======

Constans orders the Basilica di Santa Tecla to be constructed in Lombardy.

=== 346 ===

==== By place ====

====== Asia ======

In Korea, the Buyeo Kingdom is absorbed by Goguryeo.

Geunchogo becomes king of the Korean kingdom of Baekje.

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Emperor Constans I uses his influence to secure the return of Athanasius. He is restored as Patriarch of Alexandria, and documents are compiled relating to his expulsion, under the title Apology Against the Arians.

Macedonius I, Patriarch of Constantinople, is deposed again by Paul I.

Julius Firmicus Maternus writes De erroribus profanarum religionum.

The Visigoths are converted to Arianism by Wulfila.

=== 347 ===

==== By topic ====

====== Religion ======

Council of Sardica: An attempt is made to resolve the Arian controversy, and ground rules for bishops are laid down.

The Council of Philippopolis is held as the result of Eastern bishops leaving the Council of Sardica. In Philippopolis (Bulgaria), they excommunicate Pope Julius, and as a result, the Arian controversy is perpetuated.

=== 348 ===

==== By place ====

====== Europe ======

Wulfila escapes religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, and obtains permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).

====== Asia ======

In Persia, women are enrolled in the army to perform auxiliary services.

In India, Samudragupta of the Gupta Empire defeats Rudrasena in battle.

=== 349 ===

==== By place ====

====== Bangalore ======

Emperor Shi Zun dies after a brief reign of 183 days; he and his mother Empress Zheng Yingtao are executed. His son Shi Jian succeeds him as emperor of the Jie state Later Zhao.

The Mou-jong (proto-Mongols) take control of North China.

343

Year 343 (CCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Memmius and Romulus (or, less frequently, year 1096 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 343 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

352

Year 352 (CCCLII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Decentius and Paulus (or, less frequently, year 1105 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 352 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Catacomb of Calepodius

The Catacomb of Calepodius (also called the Cemetery of Calepodius) is one of the Catacombs of Rome, notable for containing the tombs of Pope Callixtus I (ironically, the creator of the Catacomb of Callixtus, which once contained the tombs of a dozen other popes) and Pope Julius I, along with the eponymous Calepodius.

Council of Philippopolis

The Council of Philippopolis in 343, 344, or 347 was a result of Arian bishops from the Eastern Roman Empire leaving the Council of Sardica to form their own counter council. In Philippopolis, they anathemized the term homoousios, in effect excommunicating Pope Julius I as well as their rivals at the Council in Sardica, and introduced the term Anomoian and as a result, the Arian controversy was perpetuated, rather than resolved, as was the original intention of the Roman emperors Constans and Constantius along with Pope Julius who called the Council of Sardica.Serdica is now called Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. Philippopolis is now called Plovdiv, Bulgaria's second largest city.

Council of Serdica

The Council of Serdica, or Synod of Serdica (also Sardica), was a synod convened in 343 at Serdica in the civil diocese of Dacia, by Roman dominate Emperors Constans I, augustus in the West, and Constantius II, augustus in the East. It attempted to resolve the Arian controversy, and was attended by about 170 bishops. It was convened by the two augusti at the request of Pope Julius I.

Julius I

Julius I is the name of:

Pope Julius I (died 352), Roman religious leader

Prince Julius I of Pindus and Macedonia (c. 1914–1960), Hungarian poet & ruler a.k.a. Gyula Cseszneky

Julius of Novara

Julius of Novara (Italian Giulio di Orta), also Julius of Aegina (died 401 AD) was a missionary priest to northern Italy.

His cult is centered at Lake Orta in the Novarese highlands, and in particular on the island which has been named for him since at least the eighth century, Isola San Giulio, and where his presumed relics are preserved in the crypt, called scurolo, of a basilica dedicated to him.

Few facts are known about his career. In the earliest Vita, which dates from no earlier than the eighth century and is of a character as much legendary as historical, the account of his life is interlaced with that of his brother Julian (Giuliano), a deacon whose name is similar enough to suggest that they may have been the same person, but now we know (thanks to recent archaeological finds in Gozzano's previous parish church, S. Lorenzo) that they both existed. The Roman Martyrology commemorates only Julius. It has been said the Julius' name was recited as part of the Ambrosian Rite during the fifth and sixth centuries; however, it has also been claimed that this Julius referred to Pope Julius I.

Julius and Julian may have been Greeks who came to Rome before establishing themselves at Lake Orta. Their legend states that they were educated in the Christian faith by their parents. They are said to have been ordered by Theodosius I to destroy pagan altars and sacred woods and to build Christian churches. They built one hundred churches, according to their tradition. The ninety-ninth church is said to have been built at Gozzano, and dedicated to Saint Lawrence. Julian was buried there. The hundredth church was built by Julius on the island that bears his name; he dedicated it to Saints Peter and Paul.

Maximin of Trier

Saint Maximin (born at Silly near Poitiers; — Poitiers 12 September 346) was the fifth bishop of Trier, according to the list provided by the diocese's website, taking his seat in 341/342. Maximin was an opponent of Arianism, and was supported by the courts of Constantine II and Constans, who harboured as an honored guest Athanasius twice during his exile from Alexandria, in 336-37, before he was bishop, and again in 343. In the Arian controversy he had begun in the party of Paul I of Constantinople; however, he took part in the synod of Sardica convoked by Pope Julius I (ca. 342), and when four Arian bishops consequently came from Antioch to Trier with the purpose of winning Emperor Constans to their side, Maximinus refused to receive them and induced the emperor to reject their proposals.

Notarius

A notarius is a public secretary who is appointed by competent authority to draw up official or authentic documents (compare English "notary"). In the Roman Catholic Church there have been apostolic notaries and even episcopal notaries. Documents drawn up by notarii are issued chiefly from the official administrative offices, the chanceries; secondly, from tribunals; lastly, others are drawn up at the request of individuals to authenticate their contracts or other acts.

The title and office existed in the bureaucracy of the Christianised Roman Empire at the Imperial Court, where the college of imperial notaries were governed by a primicerius. From the usage in the Emperor's representative in the West, the Exarch of Ravenna, the post and title was applied in the increasingly complicated bureaucracy of the Papal curia in Rome. There were notarii attached to all the episcopal see, whence they passed into use in the royal chanceries. All these notarii were in minor orders.

As the ex officio head of the papal chancery, the primicerius of the notaries was an important personage. During a vacancy of the papal chair, he formed part of the interim government, and a letter in 640 is signed (the pope being elected but not yet consecrated) by one "Johannes, primicerius and serving in the place of the holy apostolic see".There were formerly apostolic notaries and even apostolic prothonotaries commissioned by papal letters, whose duty it was to receive documents in connection with benefices, foundations, and donations in favor of churches, the wills of clerics and other affairs to which the ecclesiastivcal hierarchy was an interested party. The title no longer exists; the only ecclesiastical notaries at present are the officials of the Roman and episcopal curiae.

Pope Julius

Pope Julius could refer to:

Pope Julius I (337–352)

Pope Julius II, (1503–1513) The Warrior Pope

Pope Julius (game), a card game thought to be named after Pope Julius II

Pope Julius III (1550–1555)

Pope Liberius

Pope Liberius (310 – 24 September 366) was Pope of the Catholic Church from 17 May 352 until his death on 24 September 366. According to the Catalogus Liberianus, he was consecrated on 22 May as the successor to Pope Julius I. He is not mentioned as a saint in the Roman Martyrology, making him the earliest pontiff not to be venerated as a saint in the Roman Rite. Liberius is mentioned in the Greek Menology, the Eastern equivalent to the martyrologies of the Western Church and a measure of sainthood prior to the institution of the formal Western processes of canonization.

Saint-Jules, Quebec

Saint-Jules is a parish municipality in the Robert-Cliche Regional County Municipality in the Chaudière-Appalaches region of Quebec, Canada. Its population was 573 as of the Canada 2011 Census. It is named after Pope Julius I.

Saint Julius

Saint Julius is the name of:

Pope Julius I (died 352), pope from February 6, 337 to April 12, 352

See Julius and Aaron (died 304) for Julius, British martyr

Saint Julius the Veteran, Nicene saint and martyr

Saint Julius of Novara (330–401), after whom the Saint Julius Island is named

Saint Julius Island, an island in northern Italy

Santa Maria in Trastevere

The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere (Italian: Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere); English: Our Lady in Trastevere) is a titular minor basilica in the Trastevere district of Rome, and one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I. The church has large areas of important mosaics from the late 13th century by Pietro Cavallini.

1st–4th centuries
During the Roman Empire (until 493)
including under Constantine (312–337)
5th–8th centuries
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9th–12th centuries
Papal selection before 1059
Saeculum obscurum (904–964)
Crescentii era (974–1012)
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Imperial Papacy (1048–1257)
13th–16th centuries
Viterbo (1257–1281)
Orvieto (1262–1297)
Perugia (1228–1304)
Avignon Papacy (1309–1378)
Western Schism (1378–1417)
Renaissance Papacy (1417–1534)
Reformation Papacy (1534–1585)
Baroque Papacy (1585–1689)
17th–20th centuries
Age of Enlightenment (c. 1640-1740)
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Roman Question (1870–1929)
Vatican City (1929–present)
21st century
History of the papacy
Virgin Mary
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