Pope John XVIII

Pope John XVIII (Latin: Ioannes XVIII; died June or July 1009) was Pope and ruler of the Papal states from January 1004 (25 December 1003 NS) to his abdication in June 1009. He was born Giovanni Fassano at Rome[1], the son of a Roman priest, either named Leo according to Johann Peter Kirsch,[2] or named Ursus according to Horace K Mann.[3]

Pope

John XVIII
Ioannes XVIII
Papacy beganJanuary 1004
Papacy endedJuly 1009
PredecessorJohn XVII
SuccessorSergius IV
Personal details
BornRome, Papal States
DiedJuly 1009
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Other popes named John

Pontificate

Pope John owed his election to the influence and power of the Crescentii clan. During his whole pontificate he was allegedly subordinate to the head of the Crescentii, who controlled Rome, the patricius (an aristocratic military leader) John Crescentius III.[4]

This period was disrupted by continuing conflicts between the Ottonian Emperor Henry II and Arduin of Ivrea, who had styled himself King of Italy in 1002 after the death of Emperor Otto III. Rome was wracked with bouts of plague, and Saracens operated freely out of the Emirate of Sicily ravaging the Tyrrhenian coasts.[5]

As Pope, John XVIII occupied his time mainly with details of ecclesiastical administration. He authorized a new Diocese of Bamberg to serve as a base for missionary activity among the Slavs, a concern of Henry II. He also adjudicated the over-reaching of the bishops of Sens and Orléans regarding the privileges of the abbot of Fleury.[6] John was successful in creating, at least temporarily, a rapprochement between the Eastern and Western churches. His name could be found on Eastern diptychs and he was prayed for in masses in Constantinople.[7]

Ultimately he abdicated and, according to one catalogue of Popes, retired to a monastery, where he died shortly afterwards.[5] His successor was Pope Sergius IV.

Confusion over ordinals

Pope John XVIII was only the 17th pope called John, because John XVI (997–998) was an antipope according to official reckoning. His status as an antipope was not recognized at the time, however, so the true 16th Pope John called himself John XVII. The true 17th pope called John took the regnal number XVIII. The true sequence of numbering has never been corrected.

See also

References

  1. ^ "John XVIII (or XIX) POPE [1004-1009]". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  2. ^ Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope John XVIII (XIX)." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 18 September 2017
  3. ^ Mann 1906, p. 126.
  4. ^ Mann 1906, p. 127.
  5. ^ a b Mann 1906, p. 140.
  6. ^ Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI, (HarperCollins Publishers, 2000) ISBN 978-0060878078. P. 168.
  7. ^ Mann 1906, pp. 129–130.

Sources

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John XVII
Pope
1004–09
Succeeded by
Sergius IV
1000s (decade)

The 1000s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1000, and ended on December 31, 1009.

1004

Year 1004 (MIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1007

Year in topic Year 1007 (MVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1009

Year in topic Year 1009 (MIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Alric of Asti

Alric (d. December 1036), also known as Alrico, Adalric, and Odelric, was a medieval Lombard bishop of Asti in Italy from 1007 or 1008 until his death.

Alric was a member of the Arduinici dynasty, the son of Manfred, marquis of Susa, and his wife Prangarda. His brother Ulric Manfred succeeded to his father's titles. With Ulric's help, Emperor Henry II invested Alric as bishop of Asti in 1007 or 1008 in opposition to Peter, who had supported Arduin's claims against the emperor. Alric was confirmed as bishop by Pope John XVIII, without the approval of Arnulf II, archbishop of Milan. To appease Arnulf, Ulric and Alric were required to walk barefoot carrying (respectively) a dog and a bible to the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio in Milan before humbling themselves before Arnulf. Alric made many donations to monasteries and other religious institutions, both on his own and with his brother and Ulric's wife, Bertha of Milan.

Alric was a loyal supporter of the next archbishop of Milan, Aribert. Around 1028, Alric, along with his brother Ulric, Archbishop Aribert and Bishop Landulf of Turin acted to suppress a heretical movement which had developed at Monforte.Alric died in the battle of Campomalo (near Pavia) in December 1036, fighting against vassals who had rebelled against Archbishop Aribert.

Faiyum Governorate

Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الفيوم‎ Muḥāfẓet El Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,072,181 (2014).

Gezo (bishop of Turin)

Gezo of Turin (died 1011) was an Italian bishop. He was bishop of Turin from 1000 until his death in 1011.

In 1006 Gezo founded the monastery of San Solutore in Turin, which was dedicated to saints Solutor, Octavius and Adventor, who were the patrons of the city of Turin. Also in 1006 Gezo was present – at the request of Pope John XVIII – at the consecration of the Abbey of Fruttuaria, alongside other bishops from the region.

House of Carminati

The Carminati family is a Bergamese family originally based in Val Brembilla. The first known reference to the Carminati was in a message from Pope John XVIII to Pietro Carminati della valle Brembilla in 6 January 1006 where the Pope, between other privileges, conceded to Pietro's son, Giacomo, the possibility of succession of the Bishop of Bergamo and to each member of the House of Carminati and its descendants the title of Knights and Counts for "valor demonstrated against the enemies of the faith of Christ and extension of the same ....".During the Wars in Lombardy in 19 January 1443, the Carminati and other families were exiled from Val Brembilla in an event known as "La cacciata dei Brembillesi".

Ibrahim El-Gohary

Ibrahim El-Gohary (died 31 May 1795) was a famous Copt who was Egypt's prime minister during the second half of the 18th century.

July 31

July 31 is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 153 days remain until the end of the year.

Paoni 2 (Coptic Orthodox liturgics)

1 Paoni - Coptic calendar - 3 Paoni

Pope John

Pope John may refer to:

Pope John I (523–526)

Pope John II (533–535)

Pope John III (561–574)

Pope John IV (640–642)

Pope John V (685–686)

Pope John VI (701–705)

Pope John VII (705–707)

Antipope John VIII (844)

Pope John VIII (872–882)

Pope John IX (898–900)

Pope John X (914–928)

Pope John XI (931–935)

Pope John XII (955–964)

Pope John XIII (965–972)

Pope John XIV (983–984)

Pope John XV (985–996)

Antipope John XVI (997–998) (no longer recognized as a legitimate pope)

Pope John XVII (1003)

Pope John XVIII (1003–1009)

Pope John XIX (1024–1032)

Pope John XX (not an actual pope)

Pope John XXI (1276–1277)

Pope John XXII (1316–1334)

Antipope John XXIII (1410–1415)

Pope John XXIII (1958–1963)Another 19 Popes John in the List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria

Pope John XVII

Pope John XVII (Latin: Ioannes XVII; died 6 November 1003) was Pope for about seven months from 16 May to 6 November 1003. He was born John Sicco, the son of another John Sicco, in the region of Rome then referred to as Biveretica. He succeeded Pope Silvester II.

John XVII was nominated to the papacy by John Crescentius, a Roman noble who held power in the city in opposition to Emperor Otto III. John XVII's successor, Pope John XVIII, was also selected by Crescentius.

John died on 6 November 1003 and was buried in the Lateran Basilica between the two doors of the principal façade. According to John the Deacon, his epitaph began by stating that "here is the tomb of the supreme John, who is said to be Pope, for so he was called."

Pope John XVIII of Alexandria

Pope John XVIII of Alexandria (Abba Youannis), 107th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Pope John XVIII was born in Fayoum, Egypt. His lay name was Joseph. He became a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony. At the departure of Pope Mark VII, he was unanimously chosen to succeed him. He was ordained at the church of Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo, on Sunday, 15 Paopi, 1486 A.M. (23 October 1769 AD)

The Seat of the Pope during his papacy remained in the Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum) in Cairo.

Pope John numbering

The numbering of Popes John does not occur in strict numerical order. Twenty-one popes have used the name "Pope John", but the latest was Pope John XXIII, not John XXI. These discrepancies in regnal numbers are due in part to a now discounted belief in another Pope John between John XIV and John XV, and the antipapacy of John XVI.

(As well as twenty-one popes, three antipopes have used the name, but by convention antipopes are ignored in the numbering of later popes.)

Pope John of Alexandria

John has been the papal name of several Coptic Popes.

Patriarch John II (I) of Alexandria (496–505)

Patriarch John III (II) of Alexandria (505–516)

Pope John III of Alexandria (677–688)

Pope John IV of Alexandria (776–799)

Pope John V of Alexandria (1147–1166)

Pope John VI of Alexandria (1189–1216)

Pope John VII of Alexandria (1261–1268, 1271–1293)

Pope John VIII of Alexandria (1300–1320)

Pope John IX of Alexandria (1320–1327)

Pope John X of Alexandria (1363–1369)

Pope John XI of Alexandria (1427–1452)

Pope John XII of Alexandria (1480–1483)

Pope John XIII of Alexandria (1483–1524)

Pope John XIV of Alexandria (1573–1589)

Pope John XV of Alexandria (1621–1631)

Pope John XVI of Alexandria (1676–1718)

Pope John XVII of Alexandria (1727–1745)

Pope John XVIII of Alexandria (1769–1796)

Pope John XIX of Alexandria (1928–1942)

Pope Sergius IV

Sergius IV redirects here. It can also refer to Sergius IV of Naples, Duke of Naples in 1002–36.Pope Sergius IV (d. 12 May 1012) was Pope and the ruler of the Papal States from 31 July 1009 to his death in 1012. He was born in Rome as Pietro Martino Buccaporci, which translates as "Peter Martin Pig Snout". The date of his birth is unknown.

Willigis

Saint Willigis (Latin: Willigisus; German: Willigis, Willegis; c. 940 – 23 February 1011 AD) was Archbishop of Mainz from 975 until his death as well as archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire.

Yousab El Abah

Yousab El Abah, also known as Joseph el-Abbah ("Yousab the Husky"), originally called Yousef (1735 – 24 January 1826), was a Coptic Christian bishop, theologian and saint.

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