Pope Honorius III

Pope Honorius III (1150 – 18 March 1227), born as Cencio Savelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 18 July 1216 to his death in 1227.

Pope

Honorius III
Interior of Santi Giovanni e Paolo (Venice) - Honorius III by Leandro Bassano
Papacy began18 July 1216
Papacy ended18 March 1227
PredecessorInnocent III
SuccessorGregory IX
Orders
Consecration24 July 1218
by Ugolino di Conti
Created cardinal20 February 1193
by Innocent III
Personal details
Birth nameCencio Savelli
Born1150
Rome, Papal States
Died18 March 1227 (aged 77)
Rome, Papal States
Previous post
Other popes named Honorius
Papal styles of
Pope Honorius III
C o a Onorio IV
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous styleNone

Early work

He was born in Rome as a son of Aimerico,[2] a member of the Roman Savelli family.[3]

For a time canon at the church of Santa Maria Maggiore,[1] he later became Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church in January 1188 and Cardinal Deacon of Santa Lucia in Silice on 20 February 1193. Under Pope Clement III and Pope Celestine III he was treasurer of the Roman Church, compiling the Liber Censuum, and served as acting Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1194 until 1198.

In 1197 he became the tutor to the Sicilian king Frederick, future emperor, who had been given as ward to Pope Innocent III by his mother, Constance of Sicily.[1]

Innocent III raised him to the rank of a cardinal priest in 1200,[4] by which he obtained the Titulus of Ss. Ioannis et Pauli. He was dismissed as Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church in 1198, but about the same time he assumed the post of Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Papal election

Honorius3
Pope Honorius III by Giotto.

On 18 July 1216, seventeen cardinals present at the death of Innocent III assembled at Perugia (where Innocent III had died two days previously) with the purpose of electing a new pope. The troubled state of affairs in Italy, the threatening attitude of the Tatars, and the fear of a schism induced the cardinals to agree to an election by compromise. Cardinals Ugolino of Ostia (afterwards Pope Gregory IX) and Guido Papareschi were empowered to appoint the new pope. Their choice fell upon Cencio Savelli, who accepted the tiara with reluctance and took the name of Honorius III. He was consecrated at Perugia on 24 July and was crowned at Rome on 31 August. He took possession of the Lateran on 3 September 1216. The Roman people were greatly elated at the election, for Honorius III was himself a Roman and by his extreme kindness had endeared himself to the hearts of all.[1]

Like his famous predecessor, Pope Innocent III, he set his mind on the achievement of two great goals: the recovery of the Holy Land in the Fifth Crusade and a spiritual reform of the entire Church. But in contrast with Innocent III, he sought these achievements by kindness and indulgence rather than by force and severity.[1]

Papacy

Fifth Crusade

Portrait of Honorius III - Apse Mosaic of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls - Roma - Italy
Portrait of Honorius III: detail of the apse mosaic of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (1220) (Rome, Italy)

The Fifth Crusade was endorsed by the Lateran Council of 1215, and Honorius started preparations for the crusade to begin in 1217. To procure the means necessary for this colossal undertaking, the Pope, and the cardinals were to contribute the tenth part of their income for three years. All other ecclesiastics were to contribute the twentieth part. Though the money thus collected was considerable, it was by no means sufficient for a general crusade as planned by Honorius III.[1]

Far-reaching prospects seemed to open before him when Honorius crowned Peter II of Courtenay as Latin Emperor of Constantinople in April 1217, but the new Emperor was captured on his eastward journey by the despot of Epirus, Theodore Komnenos Doukas, and died in confinement.

Honorius III was aware that there was only one man in Europe who could bring about the recovery of the Holy Land, and that man was his former pupil, the Emperor Frederick II of Germany. Like many other rulers, Frederick II had taken an oath to embark for the Holy Land in 1217.[1] But Frederick II hung back, and Honorius III repeatedly put off the date for the beginning of the expedition.

In April 1220, Frederick II was elected Emperor, and on 22 November 1220, he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome.

In spite of the insistence of Honorius III, Frederick II still delayed, and the Egyptian campaign failed miserably with the loss of Damietta on 8 September 1221.

Most rulers of Europe were engaged in wars of their own and could not leave their countries for any length of time. King Andrew II of Hungary and, somewhat later, a fleet of crusaders from the region along the Lower Rhine finally departed for the Holy Land. They took Damietta and a few other places in Egypt, but a lack of unity among the Christians and rivalry between their leaders and the papal legate Pelagius resulted in failure.[1]

24 June 1225 was finally fixed as the date for the departure of Frederick II, and Honorius III brought about his marriage to Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem with a view to binding him closer to the plan. But the Treaty of San Germano in July 1225 permitted a further delay of two years.

Frederick II now made serious preparations for the crusade. In the midst of it, however, Pope Honorius III died in Rome on 18 March 1227 without seeing the achievement of his hopes. It was left to his successor, Pope Gregory IX, to insist upon their accomplishment.

Besides the liberation of the Holy Land, Honorius III felt bound to forward the repression of Cathar heresy in the south of France, the war for the faith in the Spanish peninsula, the planting of Christianity in the lands along the Baltic Sea, and the maintenance of the impossible Latin empire in Constantinople.

Of these projects, the rooting out of heresy lay nearest to Honorius III's heart. In the south of France, he carried on Innocent III's work, confirming Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester in the possession of the lands of Raymond VI of Toulouse and succeeding, as Innocent III had not, in drawing the royal house of France into the conflict.

The most widely important event of this period was the siege and capture of Avignon. Both Honorius III and King Louis VIII of France turned a deaf ear to Frederick II's assertion of the claims of the Empire to that town.

Approval of religious orders and other works

LANCUM-9BA377, Medieval papal bulla of Honorius III (FindID 217402)
Papal bulla of Honorius III

Pope Honorius III approved the Dominican Order in 1216,[5] the Franciscan Order in 1223,[6] and the Carmelite Order's Rule of St. Albert of Jerusalem in 1226.[7]

In 1219 Honorius III invited Saint Dominic and his companions to take up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220. Before that time the friars had only a temporary residence in Rome at the convent of San Sisto Vecchio, which Honorius had given to St. Dominic c. 1218, intending it to become a convent for a reformation of nuns in Rome under Dominic's guidance. The studium conventuale at Santa Sabina was the forerunner of the Dominican studium generale at Santa Maria sopra Minerva.[8]

In 1217 he gave the title of King of Serbia to Stefan Prvovenčani, whose name "Prvovenčani" means “First-Crowned”.

During his pontificate, many of the tertiary orders came into existence. He approved the Franciscan Brothers and Sisters of Penance Rule in 1221 with the bull Memoriale propositi. He also approved the religious congregation "Val des Ecoliers" (Valley of scholars), which had been founded by four pious professors of theology at the University of Paris, France.[1]

Being a man of learning, Honorius insisted that the clergy receive a thorough education, especially in theology. In the case of a certain Hugh whom the chapter of Chartres had elected bishop, he withheld his approbation because the bishop-elect did not possess sufficient knowledge, quum pateretur in litteratura defectum, as the Pope stated in a letter dated 8 January 1219. He even deprived another bishop of his office on account of illiteracy. Honorius bestowed various privileges upon the University of Paris and University of Bologna, the two greatest seats of learning during those times. In order to facilitate the study of theology in dioceses that were distant from the great centers of learning, he ordered in the bull Super specula Domini that some talented young men should be sent to a recognized theological school to study theology with the purpose of teaching it afterwards in their dioceses.[1]

Writings

Honorius III acquired some fame as an author. The most important of his writings is the Liber censuum Romanae ecclesiae, which is the most valuable source for the medieval position of the Church in regard to property and also serves in part as a continuation of the Liber Pontificalis. It comprises a list of the revenues of the Apostolic See, a record of donations received, privileges granted, and contracts made with cities and rulers. It was begun under Pope Clement III and completed in 1192 under Pope Celestine III. The original manuscript of the Liber Censuum is still in existence (Vaticanus latinus 8486).[9]

Honorius III also wrote a biography of Celestine III; a biography of Gregory VII; an "Ordo Romanus", which is a sort of ceremonial containing the rites of the Church for various occasions; and thirty-four sermons.[10]

Honorius is also purported to be the author of a grimoire.[11] "In this text called The Grimoire of Pope Honorius, he supposedly discusses the value of occult knowledge in the Church, and how by summoning or raising demonic entities, one could learn to control them. The supposed author uses his faith in God and mixes with it the teachings of King Solomon; it contains invocations of demonic entities for every day of the week. He talked about the priest needing to fast for a certain amount of time and the sacrifice of animals in order to help with the binding of evil spirits." [12] All this would be in contrast, however, with the pope's insistence on bishops knowing Catholic theology and as being contrary to the Catholic teaching on witchcraft or sorcery as also seen in both the Old and New Testaments and early Church councils (Catholic Encyclopedia, article "Witchcraft").

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Honorius III" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
  2. ^ St. Antoninus of Florence, Chronica, in Augustinus Theiner (editor), Caesaris S. R. E. Cardinalis Baronii, Od. Raynaldi et Jac. Laderchii Annales Ecclesiastici Tomus Vigesimus 1198-1228 (Barri-Ducis: Ludovicus Guerin 1870), under the year 1216, no. 17, p. 355.
  3. ^ Recent revisionist argumentation has suggested that he might not have been a Savelli. The argument is based on the undeniable fact that there is no contemporary document that calls him Cencio Savelli. However, surnames were not in common use in the 12th and 13th century. The first use of the name Savelli is in connection with the father of Honorius IV, Luca Savelli. See Renato Lefevre, "Un papa Savelli (Onorio III) che non fu Savelli," Strenna dei Romanisti 52 (1991) 283-290; and Gualtiero Sirtoli, "Onorio III: il permanere di un dubbio sulla sua appartenenza al lignaggio Savelli," Frate Francesco 71 (2005), 415-431. But there is no certain proof that Honorius III did not belong to the Savelli family.
  4. ^ The date is an inference. His latest signature as a cardinal deacon was on April 13, 1200. His first signature on a document as cardinal priest occurs on November 23, 1201. See Augustus Potthast, Regesta pontificum Romanorum I (Berlin 1874), p. 466. Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi I editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 3 n. 1.
  5. ^ Religiosam vitam: A. Tommassetti, Bullarum, Diplomatum, et Privilegiorum Sanctorum Romanorum Pontificum Taurinensis editio III (Turin 1858), p. 309-311 (December 22, 1216).
  6. ^ Solet annuere: A. Tommassetti, Bullarum, Diplomatum, et Privilegiorum Sanctorum Romanorum Pontificum Taurinensis editio III (Turin 1858), p. 394-397 (November 29, 1223).
  7. ^ Ut vivendi: A. Tommassetti, Bullarum, Diplomatum, et Privilegiorum Sanctorum Romanorum Pontificum Taurinensis editio III (Turin 1858), p. 415-417 (January 30, 1226).
  8. ^ This institution would be transformed in the 16th century into the College of Saint Thomas (Latin: Collegium Divi Thomæ), and then in the 20th century into the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas (the "Angelicum"), sited at the convent of Saints Dominic and Sixtus. The curriculum specializes in the strict interpretation of the theology of St. Thomas Aquinas; 3/4 of its 1000 students are from the clergy.
  9. ^ Paul Fabre, Étude sur le Liber Censuum de l'Église romain (Paris: Ernest Thorin 1892). Paul Fabre, Le liber censuum de l' Église romaine Tome I (Paris: Albert Fontemoing 1905). Paul Fabre and Louis Duchesne, Le liber censuum de l'église romaine Volume 1, Part 1 (Paris: Fontemoing 1910). Paul Fabre and L. Duchesne, Le Liber censuum de l'église romaine, Volume 2 (E. de Boccard, 1952). Giorgio Fedalto, Appunti al liber censuum romanae ecclesiae, edito nel vol. 5. delle Antiquitates italicae medii aevi (Firenze: Olschki, 1975).
  10. ^ These are to be found in César Auguste Horoy, Honorii III Romani pontificis opera Omnia Vol. I (Paris 1879).
  11. ^ Gardner, Gerald (2004). The Meaning of Witchcraft. Red Wheel Weiser Conari. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-57863-309-8.. Alberto Fidi, Il grimorio di papa Onorio III (Milano: Alberto Fidi, 1924). Grimoire du Pape Honorius: Avec un recueil des plus rares secrets (1670).
  12. ^ Boyd, Katie (2009) p. 100, "Devils and Demonology in the 21st Century", Shiffer Publishing Ltd., Atglen, PA.

Sources

  • Abbé César Auguste Horoy, Honorii III Romani pontificis opera Omnia 5 vols. (Paris 1879-1882).
  • Pietro Pressuti (editor), I regesti del pontefice Onorio III dall anno 1216 al anno 1227 Vol. 1 (Roma 1884).
  • J. Clausen, Papst Honorius III (1216-1227. Eine Monographie (Bonn: P. Hauptmann 1895).
  • Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of Rome in the Middle Ages, Volume V.1 second edition, revised (London: George Bell, 1906) Book IX, Chapter 3, pp. 96–128.
  • Narciso Mengozzi, Papa Onorio III e le sue relazioni col regno di Inghilterra (Siena: L. Lazzeri, 1911).
  • Mauro Giacomo Sanna, Onorio III e la Sardegna (1216-1227) (Cagliari: Centro studi filologici sardi, 2013).
  • Pierre-Vincent Claverie, Honorius III et l'Orient (1216-1227): Étude et publication de sources inédites des Archives vaticanes (ASV) (Leiden: Brill 2013).
  • Thomas W. Smith, Curia and Crusade: Pope Honorius III and the Recovery of the Holy Land, 1216-1227 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2017).
  • Initial text taken from a paper copy of the 9th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica; 1881. Please update as needed.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainJackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "article name needed". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Innocent III
Pope
1216–1227
Succeeded by
Gregory IX
1216 papal election

The papal election of 1216 (July 18), was convoked after the death of Pope Innocent III in Perugia (July 16, 1216), elected Cardinal Cencio Camerario, who took the name of Honorius III.

Adam of Melrose

Adam of Melrose (died 1222) was Abbot of Melrose and Bishop of Caithness, famously burned to death by the husbandmen of Caithness. At the time, Caithness was part of the Jarldom of Orkney, which formed part of the Kingdom of Norway.

Adam rose to the position of Abbot in 1207, and on 5 August 1213, was elected to the bishopric of Caithness, then based at Halkirk. On 11 May 1214, he was consecrated by William de Malveisin, Bishop of St. Andrews, with Walter, Bishop of Glasgow, and Bricius, Bishop of Moray assisting. Adam, along with Bishop Walter and Bishop Bricius, visited Rome in 1218, to obtain absolution from Pope Honorius III for the sentence of excommunication imposed on the Scottish King, Alexander II, and the whole Kingdom of Scotland.

When Adam returned to Caithness in 1219, he began to encounter problems from the inhabitants of his diocese. Bishop Adam had increased the episcopal "tax" imposed on the province's husbandmen, raising it from a span of butter from every twenty cows, to one from every ten. The husbandmen complained to the Jarl, Jon Haraldsson. Disinterested in their complaint, but annoyed by the Bishop for other reasons, he declared:

The devil take the bishop and his butter; you may roast him if you please!.On 11 September 1222, a group of husbandmen gathered at Halkirk to protest against the bishop's tax increase, shouting Roast him alive!. Serlo, Dean of Newbattle (near Dalkeith), the Bishop's friend and advisor, was sent out to calm the crowd down, but after some initial discussions, the mob killed Serlo. Adam attempted to offer terms, but the infuriated husbandmen forcibly dragged the bishop into his kitchen, and burned the kitchen down with him in it. Adam's body was interred in the church of Skinnet.

A contemporary chronicler, Boethius the Dane, blamed the jarl for Adam's death. Nevertheless, the jarl swore oaths to his own innocence. He was the last jarl to be ethnically Norse.

On hearing of the events, Alexander II took the opportunity to assert his claims to the mainland part of the jarldom, by visiting Caithness in person, and hanging the majority of the husbandmen, while mutilating the remainder. Alexander's actions were applauded by Pope Honorius III, and a quarter of a century later, he was continuing to receive commendation, as in a bull of Celestine IV.

In 1239, Adam's successor Gilbert de Moravia (otherwise known as Saint Gilbert of Dornoch) moved the body to the newly established Cathedral at Dornoch.

Bricius de Douglas

Bricius (sometimes anglicized as Brice, died 1222) was prior of Lesmahagow and afterward bishop of Moray (Gaelic epscop Muireb; Latin episcopus Moraviensis).

In this period, the name Bricius is more often a Latinization of the Gaelic names Máel Brigte ("tonsured devotee of St. Brigit") and Gilla Brigte ("devotee of St. Brigit") than a real name, although it is still possible that Bricius was indeed the bishop's real name. He is called Bricius Douglas by David Wilkins's Concilia magnae Britanniae et Hiberniae, and this is supported by two men who used this name, "Arkenbald and Henric" (Archibald and Henry), being called his brothers. Bricius appears to have been a son of William de Dufglas, and had five brothers, four of whom also became clerics, all in the Moray diocese. The fifth and presumably eldest brother, Archibald of Douglas, succeeded to the Barony of Douglas in Lanarkshire.

Bricius became bishop of Moray in 1203, although the exact details of this accession (i.e. election, consecration, etc.) are unknown. On 7 April 1206, Bishop Bricius received papal permission to move the seat (Latin: cathedra) of the see of Moray from Birnie to Spynie. The move was probably complete by June 1208. It would not be until the episcopate of his successor, Andreas de Moravia, that the bishopric would settle at Elgin Cathedral, Elgin.

Bricius was one of the most important clerics in the Scotland of his time, that is, during the later part of the reign of William the Lion (r. 1165–1214) and early part of the reign of Alexander II (1214–1249). For instance, in 1207, Pope Innocent III appointed him judge-delegate of a dispute between Melrose Abbey and the Earl of Dunbar, two of the most important landowners in what for Moray-based Bricius was the remote English-speaking south-east of Scotland. In 1215, Bricius was one of three Scottish bishops to attend the Fourth Lateran Council at Rome (the other two were William de Malveisin, bishop of St Andrews and Walter, bishop of Glasgow). He returned to Rome in 1218, as part of a delegation of three Scottish bishops, including Walter of Glasgow, and Adam, bishop of Caithness, in order to obtain absolution from Pope Honorius III for the sentence of excommunication imposed on King Alexander II and the whole Kingdom of Scotland. This second visit to Rome is mentioned in Scottish sources, and confirmed by Papal records. The latter record that Bricius had solemnly denied practicing divine offices during the interdict.

Bricius, however, found his episcopate in disrepute. Church records indicate that the Archdeacon and Chancellor of Moray reported Bricius' corrupt behaviour, including over-taxing his flock, dissolving lawful marriages for payment, tolerating unlawful ones for payment and taking procurations without the appropriate visitations, and spending a good deal of the proceeds on the services of women. On 30 January 1219, Pope Honorius III instructed the abbots of Cupar Angus, Scone and Dunfermline to investigate these claims. The results are not known.

He died in the year 1222, and was succeeded by Andreas de Moravia.

Certain histories refer to "St Brice" in reference to this bishop. This however is almost certainly a case of misidentification with St Brice, Archbishop of Tours, a Gallo-Roman cleric and protégé of Saint Martin of Tours

Cardinals created by Honorius III

Pope Honorius III (r. 1216-27) created nine cardinals in six consistories held throughout his pontificate.

Dean of Cashel

The Dean of Cashel is the head of the Chapter of the Cathedral Church of St John the Baptist and St Patrick's Rock, Cashel, one of the Church of Ireland cathedrals of the united Diocese of Cashel, Ferns and Ossory.

It is not known when the Chapter of Cashel was established, but in 1224 Pope Honorius III confirmed twelve Canons and a Dean in the historic cathedral of St Patrick, located at the Rock of Cashel. For centuries the Chapter consisted of five dignitaries and six prebendaries, the Archbishop of Cashel being one, holding the prebend of Glankeen as parcel of his see. The prebend of Crohane was united to the archdeaconry of Cashel for more than 200 years.Following the Reformation, the Church of Ireland retained the cathedral until it was closed for worship in 1721. Meanwhile, the old parish Church of St John in Cashel was removed and the present Georgian Cathedral completed in 1784.The current dean, the Very Reverend Gerald G. Field, was instituted and installed in February 2014.

Fifth Crusade

The Fifth Crusade (1217–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Pope Innocent III and his successor Pope Honorius III organized crusading armies led by King Andrew II of Hungary and Leopold VI, Duke of Austria, and an attack against Jerusalem ultimately left the city in Muslim hands. Later in 1218, a German army led by Oliver of Cologne, and a mixed army of Dutch, Flemish and Frisian soldiers led by William I, Count of Holland joined the crusade. In order to attack Damietta in Egypt, they allied in Anatolia with the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm which attacked the Ayyubids in Syria in an attempt to free the Crusaders from fighting on two fronts.

After occupying the port of Damietta, the Crusaders marched south towards Cairo in July 1221, but were turned back after their dwindling supplies led to a forced retreat. A nighttime attack by Sultan Al-Kamil resulted in a great number of crusader losses, and eventually in the surrender of the army. Al-Kamil agreed to an eight-year peace agreement with Europe.

Giovanni Battista Savelli

Giovanni Battista Savelli (1422, Rome - September 18, 1498, Castel Gandolfo) was an Italian cardinal from the 15th century. Of the noble Savelli family to which belonged Pope Honorius III (1216–1227) and Pope Honorius IV (1285–1287) and Cardinals: Bertrando Savelli, Silvio Savelli, Giulio Savelli, Fabrizio Savelli, Paolo Savelli and Domenico Savelli. He was called the Cardinal Savelli.

Honorius of Thebes

Honorius of Thebes, a possibly mythical character from the Middle Ages, is said to have authored The Sworn Book of Honorius, although the first printed manuscript of this work did not appear until 1629. Considerable mystery still exists about the identity of Honorius, both Pope Honorius I and Pope Honorius III have been linked to the character. Honorius of Thebes is also claimed to be the creator of the Theban alphabet, in Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's De Occulta Philosophia (1531) and Johannes Trithemius's Polygraphia (1518).

According to the Sworn Book of Honorius, he is supposed to be "the son of Euclid, master of the Thebians". But the book delivers no source to whom this might be.

Lorcan

Lorcan or Lorcán is an Irish language male given name, meaning 'little fierce one' and may refer to:

Lorcan Allen (born 1940), Irish farmer and former Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála TD

Lorcan Cranitch (born 1959), Irish actor

Lorcan Cronin, striker who signed for Kildare County in the preseason of 2007

Lorcan Dempsey (born 1958), the Vice President and Chief Strategist of the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC)

Lorcán mac Cellaig (flourished 848), King of Leinster of the Uí Muiredaig sept of the Uí Dúnlainge branch of the Laigin

Lorcán mac Fáelán, the seventh of ten Kings of Leinster to be inaugurated and based on Lyons Hill, Ardclough, County Kildare

Lorcán Ó Muireadais (1883–1941), Irish Roman Catholic priest, Irish language educator and nationalist activist

Lorcan O'Herlihy (born 1959), architect

Lorcán Ua Tuathail (1128–1180), Saint Laurence O'Toole, canonized in 1225 by Pope Honorius III

Niccolò de Romanis

Niccolò de Romanis (died 1218) was an Italian cardinal and Papal legate. He was Bishop of Frascati from either 1204 or 1205 and Grand penitentiary. He was closely associated with Pope Honorius III as administrator and diplomat. Dean of the College of Cardinals from 1211.

Nos attendentes

Nos attendentes is the incipit designating a Papal bull apparently issued in January 1217 by Pope Honorius III. Its genuineness has been suspected. If genuine, it is the second of the two bulls that established the Dominican Order (for the first, see Religiosam vitam). In it, the Pope describes the brothers of the order as pugiles fidei et vera mundi lumina: "fighters for the faith and true lights of the world".

The original bull was kept at the convent of Prouille, Saint Dominic's first foundation, and it was from this source that the Latin text was published in 1504 by Albert de Castillo. Later editions derive from this one. The documents of the convent were scattered during the French Revolution; the original was then lost. The convent's cartulary containing a 17th-century transcript was recovered, but was not shown to enquirers.

Radulf (bishop-elect)

Radulf (fl. 1223–1226) is an obscure churchman in early 13th-century Scotland, elected as Bishop of Dunblane some time between 1223 and 1225. The first of only two notices of his existence occurs in an Arbroath Abbey deed where he is styled "Radulf elect of Dunblane"; the document can be dated to 1223–1225. On 12 January 1226 Pope Honorius III instructed the Bishop of St Andrews, the Bishop of Moray and the Bishop of Caithness, to enjoin a new election for the bishopric of Dunblane, as "R. elected Bishop of Dunblane" had resigned in the Pope's presence a short time before. There are no clues as to Radulf's career after that. The Cathedral chapter of the diocese elected one Osbert in his place. Cockburn suggested Radulf was probably a Frenchman who had immigrated to Scotland, who got elected Bishop, but decided he would rather stay in Continental Europe after he travelled there for consecration, perhaps being offered a better post there.

Raoul de Neuville

Raoul de Neuville (died March 26, 1221) was a 13th-century French cardinal, diplomat, and Bishop of Arras.

Little is known of his life or episcopal work. He was born in Rhône-Alpes, France,and studied Law. Pope Innocent III made him a cardinal in the consistory of 1202, and he was elected Bishop of Arras in 1203. Raoul did not participate in the Papal election, 1216, when Pope Honorius III was elected.

He also acted as papal legate to Denmark, Sweden, Sicily, and Bohemia.

He died March 26, 1221, in Arras, France.

Religiosam vitam

Religiosam vitam is the incipit designating a Papal bull issued on December 22, 1216 by Pope Honorius III. It gave universal recognition to the Dominican Order. The Order already had monasteries in Rome, Paris and Boulogne and had already been locally recognized by the bishop of Toulouse the year before - its creation had coincided with the Albigensian Crusade in southern France, in whose support the Dominicans had been very active. It adopted the rule of St Augustine, but was also regulated by rulings and decisions taken by regular general chapters.

Robert of York

Robert of York (died after 1219) was a medieval Bishop of Ely elect.

Robert was elected to Ely about 14 April 1215 but his election was quashed before 11 May 1219 due to the prior election of Geoffrey de Burgo. Both elections were quashed by Pope Honorius III. Robert refused to accept the decision of the pope and fled to France, where he was still styling himself bishop-elect in December 1219.

Savelli family

The Savelli (de Sabellis in documents) were a rich and influential Roman aristocratic family who rose to prominence in the 13th century and became extinct in the main line with Giulio Savelli (1626–1712).The family, who held the lordship of Palombara Sabina, took their name from the rocca (castle) of Sabellum, near Albano, which had belonged to the counts of Tusculum before it passed to the Savelli. Early modern genealogies of the Savelli, such as the unpublished manuscript "eulogistic treatise" compiled by Onofrio Panvinio, drew connections to Pope Benedict II, a possible but undocumentable connection, and even to the cognomen Sabellius of Antiquity.

They provided at least two popes: Cencio Savelli, Pope Honorius III (1216–1227) and Giacomo Savelli, Honorius IV (1285–1287). His father, Luca Savelli, was a Roman senator and sacked the Lateran in 1234. Luca's decision to side for Emperor Frederick II against Honorius III's successor, Gregory, gained the family large possessions in the Lazio. Honorius' brother, Pandolfo Savelli, was the podestà of Viterbo in 1275.

Later members include the condottieri Silvio and Antonello Savelli. Savelli Cardinals include Giovanni Battista Savelli (1471 in pectore, 1480); Giacomo Savelli (1539); Silvio Savelli (1596); Giulio Savelli (1615); Fabrizio Savelli (1647); Paolo Savelli (1664); and Domenico Savelli (1853). The last member of the family left in Rome was Giulio Savelli, who died in 1712. A collateral line, the Giannuzzi Savelli ('Giannuzzi' adopted later on) represent descendants of Antonio Savelli of Rignano who moved to the Kingdom of Naples in 1421 to fight as a condottiero. The title principe di Cerenzia has been held in that family since Ercole Giannuzzi Savelli dei baroni di Pietramala inherited it in 1769 from his mother Ippolita Rota, last of her house. The republican patriot Luigi Giannuzzi Savelli dei principi di Cerenzia was shot 3 April 1799 by orders of Cardinal Ruffo, and the feudal lands of Prince Tommaso Giannuzzi Savelli of Cerenzia were confiscated: Cerenzia, Casino (Castelsilano) Montespinello (Spinello) Belvedere Malapezza, and Zinga.By the 17th century, the Savelli had fallen on lean times. Castel Gandolfo had been relinquished under terms of Pope Clement VIII's "bull of the barons" to the Apostolic Camera in return for a mere 150,000 scudi in 1596, and in 1650 Albano, with its princely title, was turned over to Giambattista, the only son of Camillo Pamphili.

The Grimoire of Pope Honorius

The Grimoire of Pope Honorius, or Le Grimoire du Pape Honorius, is an 18th to 19th century grimoire, claiming to be written by Pope Honorius III (1150 - 1227). It is unique among grimoires in that it was specifically designed to be used by a priest, and some of the instructions include saying a Mass. While its name is derived from the 13th century Grimoire of Honorius, its content is closer to later grimories like the Key of Solomon and Grimorium Verum. The first edition of the Grimoire is said to have appeared in 1629, and was likely forged near the end of the sixteenth century, roughly nine hundred years after the death of its supposed author. According to A. E. Waite, "...[I]t is a malicious and somewhat clever imposture, which was undeniably calculated to deceive ignorant persons of its period who may have been magically inclined, more especially ignorant priests, since it pretends to convey the express sanction of the Apostolical Seat for the operations of Infernal Magic and Necromancy."

Vineae Domini custodes

Vineae Domini custodes is a papal bull issued by Pope Honorius III on June 1225 granting two Dominican friars, Dominic of Segovia and Martin, authorisation for a mission to Morocco. Honorius reissued the bull in October, this time calling on the Dominicans and Franciscans to join the Moroccan mission. He also ordered Archbishop Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada to send Dominican and Franciscan friars to undertake conversions by preaching and to appoint one of the friars as Bishop of Morocco.

Walter Capellanus

Walter Capellanus was an important cleric and politician in the Kingdom of Scotland during the reigns of kings William the Lion and Alexander II.

Walter was chaplain (capellanus) of King William the Lion, and after the resignation of the unconsecrated Bishop Florence of Glasgow, received the king's support for the vacant episcopal office. On 7 December 1207 he was elected to the see, and consecrated to it at Glasgow on 2 November 1208. In 1215, Walter was one of three Scottish bishops to attend the Fourth Lateran Council at Rome (the other two were William de Malveisin, bishop of St Andrews and Bricius, bishop of Moray). He returned to Rome in 1218, as part of a delegation of three Scottish bishops, including Bricius of Moray, and Adam, bishop of Caithness, in order to obtain absolution from Pope Honorius III for the sentence of excommunication imposed on King Alexander II and the whole Kingdom of Scotland. The mission was successful, and Honorius granted absolution. In 1219, however, Walter found himself in some trouble. A canon of Glasgow, a Master William, told the papacy that Walter's election was uncanonical, and that when he was chaplain to the king, he had given the royal Chamberlain Philip de Valognes 100 merks and a promise to pay the Queen, Ermengarde de Beaumont, even more in exchange for the bishopric of Glasgow. Furthermore, Walter was accused of nepotism and maintaining an immoral household. The Pope commissioned one of his legates, Pandulf Verraccio, Bishop-elect of Norwich, to investigate. Nothing more is heard of the case.

Walter died sometime in the year 1232, sometime after 19 May when he granted a charter to Kelso Abbey.

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