Pope Eusebius

Pope Eusebius (from Greek Εὐσέβιος "pious"; died 17 August 310) was the Bishop of Rome from 18 April 310 until his death four months later.

Pope Saint

Eusebius
PopeEusebius
Papacy began18 April 310
Papacy ended17 August 310
PredecessorMarcellus I
SuccessorMiltiades
Personal details
Birth nameEusebius
Born?
Died17 August 310
Sicily, Western Roman Empire
Sainthood
Feast day26 September

History

His pontificate lasted four months, after which, in consequence of disturbances within the Church which led to acts of violence, he was banished by the emperor Maxentius, who had been the ruler of Rome since 306, and had at first shown himself friendly to the Christians. The difficulty arose, as in the case of his predecessor Pope Marcellus I, out of his attitude toward the lapsi.[1][2]

Eusebius maintained the attitude of the Roman Church, adopted after the Decian persecutions (250-51), that the apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, but on the other hand, should be readmitted only after doing proper penance. This view was opposed by a faction of Christians in Rome under the leadership of Heraclius. Johann Peter Kirsch believes it likely that Heraclius was the chief of a party made up of apostates and their followers, who demanded immediate restoration to the Church. Maxentius exiled them both.[3]

Eusebius died in exile in Sicily and was buried in the catacomb of Callixtus. Pope Damasus I placed an epitaph of eight hexameters over his tomb because of his firm defense of ecclesiastical discipline and the banishment which he suffered thereby.[3][2]

His feast is celebrated on 26 September.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Butler, Alban. "St. Eusebius, Pope and Confessor", Lives of the Saints, 1866
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainJackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "Eusebius". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.
  3. ^ a b Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Eusebius." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 16 Mar. 2015

External links

Titles of the Great Christian Church
Preceded by
Marcellus I
Bishop of Rome
Pope

309–310
Succeeded by
Miltiades
283

Year 283 (CCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Carus and Carinus (or, less frequently, year 1036 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 283 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

300s (decade)

The 300s decade ran from January 1, 300, to December 31, 309.

== Events ==

=== 300 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

The Franks penetrate into what is now northern Belgium (approximate date).

The city of Split is built.

The Camp of Diocletian is built in Palmyra.

A Romano-Celtic temple-mausoleum complex is constructed in what is now Lullingstone, and also in Anderitum (approximate date).

====== Asia ======

The lion becomes extinct from Armenia (approximate date).

The Yayoi period ends in Ancient Japan (approximate date).

Wootz steel is developed in India (approximate date).

The Kama Sutra, an Indian handbook on the art of sexual love, is probably produced around this time by the sage Vatsyayana.

Micheon becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo.

====== Africa ======

The elephant becomes extinct in North Africa (approximate date).

The Atlas wild ass becomes extinct (approximate date).

====== America ======

The Formative/Preclassic period in Mesoamerica comes to an end (around this year).

The Mayan civilization reaches its most prolific period, the classic period, in what is now Guatemala, Belize and parts of southern Mexico adjacent to the former two. During most of this period, Tikal dominates the Mayan world.

==== By topic ====

====== Arts and sciences ======

The magnetic compass for navigation is invented in China (approximate date).

The Panchatantra, a Sanskrit collection of fables and fairy tales, is written in India.

The Tetrarchs are probably made in Egypt. After 330 they are moved to Constantinople and in 1204 they are installed at the corner of the facade of the St Mark's Basilica, Venice (approximate date).

Diocletian's Palace, Split, Croatia, is built. Its model is nowadays kept at the Museo della Civilta Romana, Rome.

====== Religion ======

Peter of Alexandria becomes Patriarch of Alexandria.

Possible date of the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209 and Codex Sinaiticus, manuscripts of the Bible written in Greek.

Tiridates III makes his kingdom of Armenia the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion.

Approximate date of the Synod of Elvira in Elvira, Spain, which prohibits interaction with Jews, pagans, and heretics.

=== 301 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

Emperor Diocletian issues his Edict on Maximum Prices, which, rather than halting rampant inflation and stabilizing the economy, over time adds to inflationary pressures by flooding the economy with new coinage and by setting price limits too low.

Diocletian begins the construction of new roads in the Roman Empire. The Strata Diocletiana is built and lined with a series of forts (quadriburgia); it runs from the Gulf of Aqaba (Arabia) to the Euphrates.

====== Armenia ======

King Tiridates III of Armenia proclaims Christianity as the official state religion, making Armenia the first nation to adopt Christianity as its official religion. Construction of the original Etchmiadzin Cathedral by Gregory the Illuminator begins.

====== Europe ======

September 3 – The republic of San Marino is established (traditional date).

====== Asia ======

February 3–May 30 – Sima Lun briefly usurps the Jin dynasty.

=== 302 ===

==== By place ====

====== Roman Empire ======

====== Persia ======

==== By topic ====

====== Arts and sciences ======

====== Religion ======

309

Year 309 (CCCIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Licinianus and Constantius (or, less frequently, year 1062 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 309 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

310

Year 310 (CCCX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Andronicus and Probus (or, less frequently, year 1063 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 310 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

310s

The 310s decade ran from January 1, 310, to December 31, 319.

311

Year 311 (CCCXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valerius and Maximinus (or, less frequently, year 1064 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 311 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Antipope Heraclius

Heraclius was a Roman who, in 310, opposed the election of Pope Eusebius, earning him the title of antipope. All that is known of Heraclius appears in an epitaph written by Pope Damasus I for Eusebius. It is believed that Heraclius headed a faction demanding immediate reconciliation for the lapsi (those who had lapsed in their faith during persecution) in opposition to Eusebius' stance requiring strict penance, although it is possible that he and his faction were Novatianists and instead opposed readmittance to the church for lapsi. Heraclius was elected pope by his faction in opposition to Eusebius in 310. Public disturbances caused by partisans of the two rivals reached such a state (characterized by Damasus I as sedition, discord, and even warfare) that Emperor Maxentius exiled both parties to Sicily where Eusebius died, and where nothing more was heard of Heraclius.

August 17

August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 136 days remain until the end of the year.

Betause

Betause (died 327) was a 4th-century Bishop of Reims.Of Greek origin, he was the nephew of Pope Eusebius, the son of his sister.

He was ordained fourth bishop of Rheims by Pope Miltiades in 312AD and attended the Council of Arles of 314 with his deacon, Primogenite. He is listed in the council records as from "the first province of Belgium".By 314AD, Betause had built a new cathedral because until then, the Christians in Reims had only a small building and a cemetery outside the city. The new church was dedicated to the Holy Apostles.

He asked Pope Sylvester I to transfer the seat of the bishopric to Reims which was moved under Saint Nicaise. This church was destroyed at the end of the 18th century.He also built the Saint-Christophe chapel where saint Rémi was latter buried. Betause died in 327.

Catacomb of Callixtus

The Catacomb(s) of Callixtus (also known as the Cemetery of Callixtus) is one of the Catacombs of Rome on the Appian Way, most notable for containing the Crypt of the Popes (Italian: Cappella dei Papi), which once contained the tombs of several popes from the 2nd to 4th centuries.

Eusebius (disambiguation)

Eusebius (AD 263 – 339; also called Eusebius of Caesarea and Eusebius Pamphili) was a Roman historian, exegete and Christian polemicist.

Eusebius (; Greek Εὐσέβιος "pious" from eu (εὖ) "well" and sebein (σέβειν) "to respect") may also refer to:

Eusebius of Esztergom, Hungarian priest, hermit, founder of the Order of Saint Paul the First Hermit

Eusebius (praepositus sacri cubiculi), under Constantius II

Eusebius (consul 347) (died c. 350), Roman consul in 347

Eusebius (consul 359), Roman consul in 359

Eusebius of Alexandria (6th century), Christian author

Eusebius of Angers (died 1081), bishop of Angers

Saint Eusebius of Cremona (died c. 423)

Eusebius of Dorylaeum (5th century), bishop of Dorylaeum, opponent of Nestorianism and Monophysitism

Eusebius of Emesa (300–360), bishop of Emesa

Eusebius of Laodicea (died 268), bishop of Laodicea

Eusebius of Myndus (4th century), Neoplatonist philosopher

Eusebius of Nicomedia (died 341), bishop of Berytus, Nicomedia and Constantinople, leader of Arianism

Saint Eusebius of Rome (died 357), priest and martyr

Saint Eusebius of Samosata (died 4th-century), bishop of Samosata

Saint Eusebius of Vercelli (283–371), bishop of Vercelli, opponent of Arianism

Saint Eusebius (bishop of Milan) (died 462), archbishop of Milan

Saint Eusebius the Hermit (4th century), solitary monk of Syria

Pope Eusebius (died 310), Pope in 309 or 310

Eusebius, bishop of Paris until his death in 555

Eusebius of Thessalonika (6th or 7th century), bishop of Thessalonika during the time of Pope Gregory the Great

Hwaetberht (died c. 740s), Abbot of Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Priory, who wrote under the pen-name of Eusebius

Eusebius, one of the personae of Robert SchumannEusebius is also the name of:

Jerome (347–420), Christian scholar and church father, whose full name was Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus

Karl Eusebius of Liechtenstein (1611–1684), the second prince of Liechtenstein

Heraclius (disambiguation)

Heraclius (c. 575–641) was a Byzantine emperor.

Heraclius may also refer to:

Antipope Heraclius (fl. 309-310), antipope to Pope Eusebius

Heraclius the Cynic (fl. 360s), Roman philosopher

Heraclius (primicerius sacri cubiculi) (died 455), courtier of Emperor Valentinian III

Heraclius of Edessa (d. 474). Byzantine general

Heraclius, Bishop of Angoulême (d. 580)

Heraclius the Elder (fl. 580s–610s), Armenian-born Byzantine general and exarch of Africa

Constantine III (Byzantine emperor) or Heraclius Constantine (612–641), Byzantine emperor

Heraclonas or Heraclius II (626–641), Byzantine emperor

Heraclius (son of Constans II), Byzantine co-emperor (reigned 659–681)

Heraclius (son of Constantine IV), the son of Byzantine Emperor Constantine IV

Heraclius (brother of Tiberius III) (fl. 698–705), Byzantine general

Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem (c. 1128–1190/1191), religious leader

Heraclius I of Kakheti (1642–1709), Georgian king

Heraclius II of Georgia (1720/1721–1798), Georgian king

List of Greek popes

This is a list of Greek popes. Most were pope before or during the Byzantine Papacy (537–752). It does not include all the Sicilian and Syrian popes of Greek extraction from that period.

List of canonised popes

This article lists the Popes who have been canonised or recognised as Saints in the Roman Catholic Church they had led. A total of 83 (out of 266) Popes have been recognised universally as canonised saints, including all of the first 35 Popes (31 of whom were martyrs) and 52 of the first 54. If Pope Liberius is numbered amongst the Saints as in Eastern Christianity, all of the first 49 Popes become recognised as Saints, of whom 31 are Martyr-Saints, and 53 of the first 54 Pontiffs would be acknowledged as Saints. In addition, 13 other Popes are in the process of becoming canonised Saints: as of December 2018, two are recognised as being Servants of God, two are recognised as being Venerable, and nine have been declared Blessed or Beati, making a total of 95 (97 if Pope Liberius and Pope Adeodatus II are recognised to be Saints) of the 266 Roman Pontiffs being recognised and venerated for their heroic virtues and inestimable contributions to the Church.

The most recently reigning Pope to have been canonised was Pope John Paul II, whose cause for canonisation was opened in May 2005. John Paul II was beatified on May 1, 2011, by Pope Benedict XVI and later canonised, along with Pope John XXIII, by Pope Francis on April 27, 2014. Pope Francis also canonised Pope Paul VI on October 14, 2018.

List of popes who died violently

A collection of popes who have had violent deaths through the centuries. The circumstances have ranged from martyrdom (Pope Stephen I) to war (Lucius II), to a beating by a jealous husband (Pope John XII). A number of other popes have died under circumstances that some believe to be murder, but for which definitive evidence has not been found.

Lucifer of Cagliari

Lucifer Calaritanus (Italian: Lucifero da Cagliari) (d. May 20, 370 or 371) was a bishop of Cagliari in Sardinia known for his passionate opposition to Arianism. He is venerated as a Saint in Sardinia, though his status remains controversial.

Pope Marcellus I

Pope Marcellus I (6 January 255–16 January 309) was the Bishop of Rome or Pope from May or June 308 to his death in 309. He succeeded Pope Marcellinus after a considerable interval. Under Maxentius, he was banished from Rome in 309, on account of the tumult caused by the severity of the penances he had imposed on Christians who had lapsed under the recent persecution. He died the same year, being succeeded by Pope Eusebius. His relics are under the altar of San Marcello al Corso in Rome. His third-class feast day is kept on January 16.

Pope Miltiades

Pope Miltiades (Greek: Μιλτιάδης, Miltiádēs; d. 10 January 314), also known as Melchiades the African (Μελχιάδης ὁ Ἀφρικανός Melkhiádēs ho Aphrikanós), was Pope of the Catholic Church from 311 to his death in 314. It was during his pontificate that Emperor Constantine I issued the Edict of Milan (313), giving Christianity legal status within the Roman Empire. The Pope also received the palace of Empress Fausta where the Lateran Palace, the papal seat and residence of the papal administration, would be built. At the Lateran Council, during the schism with the Church of Carthage, Miltiades condemned the rebaptism of apostatised bishops and priests, a teaching of Donatus Magnus.

Saint Eusebius

Saint Eusebius may refer to:

Pope Eusebius, Pope 309–310.

Eusebius of Cremona (died c. 423)

Eusebius of Fano (died c. 526)

Eusebius of Rome (died c. 357), priest and martyr

Eusebius of Samosata (died c. 380), bishop of Samosata

Eusebius of Vercelli (c. 283–381), bishop of Vercelli

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