Pope Anastasius IV

Pope Anastasius IV (c. 1073[1] – 3 December 1154), born Corrado Demetri della Suburra, was Pope from 8 July 1153[2] to his death in 1154. He is the last pope to take the name "Anastasius" upon his election.

Pope

Anastasius IV
A02 ANASTASIO IV
Papacy began8 July 1153
Papacy ended3 December 1154
PredecessorEugene III
SuccessorAdrian IV
Orders
Created cardinalDecember 1127
by Pope Honorius II
Personal details
Birth nameCorrado Demetri della Suburra
Bornca. 1073
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Died3 December 1154
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Other popes named Anastasius
Papal styles of
Pope Anastasius IV
Emblem of the Papacy SE
Reference styleHis Holiness
Spoken styleYour Holiness
Religious styleHoly Father
Posthumous stylenone

Early life

He was a Roman, son of Benedictus de Suburra, probably of the family of Demetri,[3] and became a secular clerk.[4] He was created cardinal-priest of S. Pudenziana by Pope Paschal II no later than in 1114.[5] In 1127 or 1128 Pope Honorius II[6] promoted him to the suburbicarian See of Sabina.[7] He had taken part in the double papal election of 1130, had been one of the most determined opponents of Antipope Anacletus II and, when Pope Innocent II fled to France, had been left behind as his vicar in Italy. At the time of his election to the papacy in July 1153 he was Dean of the College of Cardinals and probably the oldest member of that body.

Pontificate

During his short pontificate he played the part of a peacemaker; he came to terms with the Emperor Frederick I in the vexing question of the appointment to the See of Magdeburg and closed the long quarrel, which had raged through four pontificates, about the appointment of William Fitzherbert (commonly known as Saint William of York) to the see of York by sending him the pallium in spite of the continued opposition of the powerful Cistercian order. Pope Anastasius IV died on 3 December 1154 and was succeeded by Cardinal Nicholas of Albano as Pope Adrian IV.[8]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This date is according to Encyclopædia Britannica; Klewitz, p. 220 says that he was 80 years old at the time of his election to the papacy
  2. ^ http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1127.htm#Suburra
  3. ^ Tillmann, H. (1972). "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardinalizio nel XII secolo". RSC. 26: 313–353 [p. 328].
  4. ^ According to older historiography (incl. Klewitz, p. 128 and 220) he was abbot of the Augustinian monastery of St.-Ruf at Avignon, but this view has been recently abandoned (see I.S.Robinson, p. 73)
  5. ^ H.W.Klewitz, p. 128 no. 31; Brixius, p. 36 no. 26. His first subscription of the papal bulls took place on 25 February 1114 (Jaffé, p. 478)
  6. ^ Anastasius IV is sometimes referred to as a nephew of Honorius II, but this is not proven and is very unlikely; Anastasius IV came from Roman aristocracy, while Honorius II was a Bolognese. Brixius, p. 78 rejects the statement about relationship between Anastasius and Honorius as without foundation and adds that it appears for the first time in the 16th century. Hans Walter Klewitz and Helene Tillmann, who have made an extensive study about the origins of the cardinals of the beginning of the 12th century, either deny or do not mention this relationship.
  7. ^ First subscription as cardinal-bishop on 7 May 1128 (Jaffé, p. 549)
  8. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Anastasius" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Bibliography

  • Klewitz, Hans Walter (1957). Reformpapsttum und Kardinalskolleg. Darmstadt. pp. 128 no. 31 and p.&nbsp, 220.
  • Brixius, Johannes M. (1912). Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130–1181. Berlin.
  • Robinson, Ian Stuart (1990). The Papacy, 1073–1198: Continuity and Innovation. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521264983.
  • Jaffé, Philipp (1851). Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Berlin.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Crescenzio
Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina
1127/28–53
Succeeded by
Gregorio
Preceded by
Eugene III
Pope
1153–54
Succeeded by
Adrian IV
1119 papal election

The papal election of 1119 (held January 29 to February 2) was, by an order of magnitude, the smallest papal election of the 12th century currently considered legitimate by the Roman Catholic Church.

Pope Gelasius II had died in Cluny having been expelled from Rome by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of the Investiture Controversy. Probably only two cardinal bishops, four cardinal priests and four cardinal deacons participated in the election. The election took place in Cluny Abbey in France, while the rest of the College of Cardinals remained in Rome. A non-cardinal Guy de Bourgogne, the Archbishop of Vienne, was elected Pope Callixtus II, and crowned in Vienne on February 9; Callixtus II reached Rome on June 3, 1120.

1150s

The 1150s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1150, and ended on December 31, 1159.

1153

Year 1153 (MCLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1153 papal election

The papal election of 1153 followed the death of Pope Eugene III and resulted in the election of Pope Anastasius IV.

1154

Year 1154 (MCLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1154 papal election

The papal election of 1154 followed the death of Pope Anastasius IV and resulted in the election of Pope Adrian IV, the only Englishman to become pope.

Anastasius

Anastasius (Latinized) or Anastasios (Greek: Αναστάσιος, romanized: Anastasios) is derived from the Greek ἀνάστασις (anastasis) meaning "resurrection". Its female form is Anastasia (Greek: Αναστασία). A diminutive form of Anastasios is Tasos (Greek: Τάσος).

Bohemond of Tarsia

Bohemond of Tarsia (died c. 1156) was the Norman count of Tarsia and Manoppello in the Abruzzi. Invested by Roger II of Sicily on an unknown date, Bohemond's politics centred on controlling the monastery of Casauria.

Bohemond had the support of Robert of Selby, the chancellor of the kingdom of Sicily, in attempting to get control of Casauria. He himself almost convinced the abbot, Oldrico, that the king had ceded it to him, but Roger intervened to prevent the deception. He did not molest Casauria itself, but he was forced in 1144 to return S. Andrea and S. Salvatore della Maiella to its jurisdiction.

On 22 August 1148, he appeared as a justiciar.

In 1152, Tremiti put itself under Bohemond's protection. In 1153, Oldrico died and one Leo, a relative of Bohemond's wife, was elected to replace him. The abbey, however, requested nullification from Roger in order to elect one Constantine, whom Pope Eugene III deposed. The situation became more confused when Bohemond besieged Constantine in Casauria, but Pope Anastasius IV told him to quit the monastic conflict. In 1154, Bohemond, now opposed to the popes, was ordered to attack Adrian IV as a loyal vassal of Roger. The chancellor Asclettin ordered Robert III of Loritello to lend Bohemond his troops. Robert revolted and Bohemond turned against him and began annexing his counties. At this time, Leo was approved in Casauria. Bohemond was at the height of his career.

In 1156, Bohemond refused to surrender all he had gained to the new king William I and was consequently imprisoned in Palermo. He was soon liberated and restored, for he never wavered in his loyalty. He died not long after his release and was succeeded by Bohemond II, probably a relation. He had a second son recorded by Falcandus named Carbonellus.

Cardinals created by Anastasius IV

Pope Anastasius IV (r. 1153-54) created three cardinals in one consistory held during his pontificate.

Corrado (given name)

Corrado or Corradino (female: Corrada or Corradina) is the Italian version of the name Conrad or Konrad.

It may refer to:

Corrado Alvaro (1895–1956), journalist and writer

Corrado Augias, Italian writer and television host

Corrado Balducci (1923–2008), Roman Catholic theologian of the Vatican Curia

Corrado Colombo, film director

Corrado Maria Daclon, university professor, journalist and writer

Corrado Gaipa (1925–1989), Italian actor

Corrado Gini, statistician

Corrado Grabbi (1975), footballer

Corrado Merli (1959), Italian footballer

Corrado Guzzanti (1965), actor, director, writer and satirist

Corrado Mantoni (1924–1999), Italian radio and television host

Corrado Mastantuono, comic book artist

Corrado Segre, mathematics

Corrado Soprano, character on the HBO television series The Sopranos

Corrado Demetri della Suburra, name before election of Pope Anastasius IV

Dean of the College of Cardinals

The Dean of the College of Cardinals (Latin: Decanus Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalium) is the leader of the College of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church. The position was established in the early 12th century.

The Dean presides over the College of Cardinals, serving as primus inter pares in the college. He always holds the rank of cardinal bishop. The Dean of the College of Cardinals is assisted by the Vice-Dean; in those roles they act as the president and vice-president of the college respectively. Both are elected by and from the Cardinal Bishops who are not Eastern Catholic patriarchs and their election is subject to papal confirmation. Except for presiding, the Dean and Vice-Dean have no power over the other cardinals. In the order of precedence in the Catholic Church as the senior Cardinal Bishops, the Dean and Vice-Dean are placed second and third, respectively, after the pope.

The Dean is often, but not necessarily, the longest-serving member of the whole College. It had been customary for centuries for the longest-serving of the six cardinal bishops of suburbicarian sees to be Dean. This was required by canon law from 1917 until 1965, when Pope Paul VI empowered the six to elect the Dean from among their number. This election was a formality until the time of Pope John Paul II.The Dean holds the position until death or resignation; there is no mandatory age of retirement.

Gregorio della Suburra

Gregorio della Suburra (died 1162/63) was an Italian cardinal, created by Pope Innocent II in 1140 as priest of the title of S. Maria in Trastevere. He was nephew of Pope Anastasius IV, who promoted him to suburbicarian see of Sabina in September 1154. After the double papal election in September 1159 he supported the obedience of Pope Alexander III. He became Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1159, after the deposition of Cardinal Icmar of Tusculum, who had consecrated Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164) and joined his obedience. He was papal vicar at Rome in 1160. His name appears for the last time in the papal bull dated 20 September 1162.

Guarinus of Palestrina

Saint Guarino Foscari (c. 1080 - 6 February 1158) was an Italian Roman Catholic Augustinian canon regular and also the Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina from December 1144 after his relative Pope Lucius II elevated him into the cardinalate. He is better known as "Guarinus of Palestrina" and is noted for his charitable compassion for the poor of Palestrina.

Pope Alexander III canonized him as a saint of the Roman Catholic of Church in 1159.

Hugh de Puiset

Hugh de Puiset (c. 1125 – 3 March 1195) was a medieval Bishop of Durham and Chief Justiciar of England under King Richard I. He was the nephew of King Stephen of England and Henry of Blois, who both assisted Hugh's ecclesiastical career. He held the office of treasurer of York for a number of years, which led him into conflict with Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York. In 1153, Hugh was elected bishop of Durham despite the opposition of Murdac.

Hugh was not involved in the controversy between King Henry II and Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. The king did suspect Hugh of supporting Henry's heir, Henry the Young King, when the prince rebelled and Hugh was also suspected of aiding the King of Scots, William I, during an invasion of Northern England in 1174. After the accession of Henry's second son Richard as king, Hugh bought the office of Sheriff of Northumberland, as well as the earldom of Northumbria. He also acquired the office of Justiciar, which he was supposed to share with William de Mandeville, but with Mandeville's death Hugh shared the office with William Longchamp. Longchamp had managed to secure the office for himself by the middle of 1190.

As a bishop, Hugh was noted as a builder, including a stone bridge in the city of Durham and the Galilee Chapel in Durham Cathedral. His administration of the episcopal lands included an inquest into the exact holdings of the bishopric. As a patron, Hugh sponsored the career of the medieval chronicler Roger of Hoveden. Hugh had a long-term mistress, by whom he had at least two sons, and possibly two more.

Philip of France, Archdeacon of Paris

Philip of France (c. 1132 -1160) was a Capetian prince and archdeacon of Paris.

Pope Anastasius

Pope Anastasius may refer to:

Pope Anastasius I, Pope from 399–401

Pope Anastasius II, Pope from 496–498

Pope Anastasius of Alexandria, 605–616

Pope Anastasius III, Pope from 911–913

Pope Anastasius IV, Pope from 1153–1154

Antipope Anastasius

Pratdip

Pratdip (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌpɾadˈdip]) is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Camp, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain.

Most of the people of Pratdip work in agriculture in the pastures, fields, and forests around the village. Prominent local agricultural products are hazelnuts and almonds.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar (Croatian: Zadarska nadbiskupija; Latin: Archidioecesis Iadrensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Croatia. The diocese was established in the 3rd century AD and was made an archdiocese by the Pope Anastasius IV in 1154. Today, it is not part of any ecclesiastical province of Croatia but is only Croatian Archdiocese subjected directly to the Holy See.

Santa Maria della Strada

Our Lady of the Way (Italian: Santa Maria della Strada) is an abbey in the commune of Matrice, Campobasso. The date of the construction of the abbey is unknown, but it was consecrated in August 1148, by Pietro II, Archbishop of Benevento. In 1153, it appears in a list of churches and monasteries under the jurisdiction of Pietro II produced for Pope Anastasius IV. The first Abbott may have been called Landulfus, as "Abbas Landulfus" was inscribed on a paving stone within the church. Nazzarius is named as Abbott in a document of 1176. Its foundation has historically been linked to the monastery of Santa Sofia di Benevento, but there is no evidence to support this claim. It is possible that the great abbey at Monte Cassino was involved, but the fact that the abbey is not listed as a subject house in medieval documents casts doubt upon this claim. The similarly named Santa Maria de Strata appears in a register of the Abbey's possessions, but it is believed that this refers to a separate monastery in the vicinity of San Germano.

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