Poospatuck Reservation

The Poospatuck Reservation is an Indian reservation of the Unkechaugi band in the community of Mastic, Suffolk County, New York, United States. It is one of two Native American reservations in Suffolk County, the other being the Shinnecock Reservation. The population was 271 at the 2000 census.

The Unkechaugi are descendants of the Pequot people, who occupied much of southern New England and eastern Long Island at the time of European encounter in the colonial era. Historically they spoke an Algonquian language. They have retained a community; the reservation is the smallest in New York State. It is located in Mastic on the north side of Poospatuck Creek, on the east side of Poospatuck Lane, and south of Eleanor Avenue. Poospatuck is situated in the southeast corner of Suffolk County's present-day Town of Brookhaven; and is the township's sole Indian reservation. It is about 70 miles or 1½ hours east of New York City.

The reservation and its people are recognized as Native American by the state of New York but it has not received federal recognition from the US Bureau of Indian Affairs. This means that it does not control sovereign territory and may not conduct Indian gaming on its land.

Poospatuck Reservation, New York
Poospatuck Reservation, New York is located in New York
Poospatuck Reservation, New York
Poospatuck Reservation, New York
Coordinates: 40°47′23″N 72°49′58″W / 40.78972°N 72.83278°WCoordinates: 40°47′23″N 72°49′58″W / 40.78972°N 72.83278°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • Land0.1130 sq mi (0.2927 km2)
 • Water0.0562 sq mi (0.1456 km2)
17 ft (5 m)
 • Total271
 • Density3,040.9/sq mi (1,162.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)631
GNIS feature ID979384


According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a land area of 72.3 acres (0.293 km2), and a water area of 36 acres (0.15 km2). The reservation reports the size of the reservation is actually 55 acres (0.22 km2).[1]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2014326[2]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census of 2000, there are 271 people, 93 households, and 67 families residing in the Indian reservation. The population density is 3,040.9/mi² (1,162.6/km²). There are 100 housing units at an average density of 1,122.1 persons/mi² (429.0 persons/km²). The racial makeup of the Indian reservation is 1.48% White, 12.92% African American, 79.34% Native American (mostly Unkechaug people), no Asians, no Pacific Islanders, 0.74% from other races, and 5.54% from two or more races. 4.80% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 93 households out of which 47.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.0% are married couples living together, 32.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 26.9% are non-families. 24.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 2.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.91 and the average family size is 3.51.

In the Indian reservation the population is spread out with 36.5% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 27 years. For every 100 females, there are 78.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the Indian reservation is $13,125, and the median income for a family is $17,500. Males have a median income of $47,500 versus $20,250 for females. The per capita income for the Indian reservation is $8,127. 36.6% of the population and 36.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 46.6% are under the age of 18 and 25.0% are 65 or older.


  1. ^ Newsday.com
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
Aboriginal title in New York

Aboriginal title in New York refers to treaties, purchases, laws and litigation associated with land titles of aboriginal peoples of New York, in particular, to dispossession of those lands by actions of European Americans. The European purchase of lands from indigenous populations dates back to the legendary Dutch purchase of Manhattan in 1626, "the most famous land transaction of all." More than any other state, New York disregarded the Confederation Congress Proclamation of 1783 and the follow-on Nonintercourse Acts, purchasing the majority of the state directly from the Iroquois nations without federal involvement or ratification.New York is the source of several landmark decisions concerning aboriginal title including Oneida I (1974), "first of the modern-day [Native American land] claim cases to be filed in federal court," and Oneida II (1985), "the first Indian land claim case won on the basis of the Nonintercourse Act." New York was the site of nearly all remaining Native American possessory land claims when the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held in Cayuga Indian Nation of N.Y. v. Pataki (2005) that the equitable doctrine of laches (duty of "timeliness") bars all tribal land claims sounding in ejectment or trespass, for both tribal plaintiffs and the federal government as plaintiff-intervenor. Since the ruling, no tribal plaintiff has overcome the laches defense in a land claim in the Second Circuit.There are currently 10 Indian reservations in New York: Allegany Indian Reservation, Cattaraugus Reservation, Oil Springs Reservation, Oneida Reservation, Onondaga Reservation, Poospatuck Reservation, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, Shinnecock Reservation, Tonawanda Reservation, and Tuscarora Reservation.

Brookhaven, New York

The Town of Brookhaven is the most populous of the ten towns of Suffolk County, New York, United States. Part of the New York metropolitan area, it is located approximately 50 miles from Manhattan. It is the only town in the county that stretches from the North Shore to the South Shore of Long Island. It is the largest of New York State's 932 towns (by area with water), and the second most populous, exceeded only by the Town of Hempstead.The first settlement in what is now Brookhaven was known as Setauket. Founded as a group of agricultural hamlets in the mid-17th century, Brookhaven first expanded as a major center of shipbuilding in the 19th century. Its proximity to New York City facilitated the establishment of resort communities and then a post-war population boom. In the 2010 census record Brookhaven contained 486,040 people.The township is home to two renowned Research centers, Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory. Combined these two research centers are approximately 50% of the Town's top ten employer's employee count. Tourism is also a major part of the local economy. The largest traditional downtowns are located in Port Jefferson, a regional transportation hub, and Patchogue. The area has long been serviced by the Long Island Railroad and Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Ferry.

List of Indian reservations in the United States

This is a list of Indian reservations and other tribal homelands in the United States. In Canada, the Indian reserve is a similar institution.

List of U.S. communities with Native American majority populations

The following is a partial list of United States of America (U.S.) communities with Native American majority populations. It includes United States cities and towns in which a majority (over half) of the population is Native American (American Indian or Alaska Native), according to data from the 2000 Census.

This list does not include locations in which the 2000 Census shows a plurality of the residents are Native American.

The list is organized by state and, within each state, by population size. The percentage of each city's population that is Native American is listed in parentheses next to the city's name.

This is one of the lists of U.S. cities with non-white majority populations.

List of place names of Native American origin in New York

This is a list of Native American place names in the U.S. state of New York.

Adirondack Mountains

Allegany (town), New York

Apalachin, New York

Asharoken, New York

Ashokan Reservoir

Canandaigua (city), New York

Canarsie, Brooklyn

Cassadaga, New York

Chautauqua Lake

Cheektowaga (town), New York

Claverack Creek

Commack, New York

Conesus Lake

Conesus, New York

Copake, New York

Copiague, New York

Cossayuna Lake

Coxsackie, New York

Coxsackie (village), New York

Cutchogue, New York

Erie (disambiguation)

Esopus, New York

Hannawa Falls, New York

Hoosic River

Kerhonkson, New York

Keuka Lake

Kesieway Creek - Kah-se-way

Kinderhook Creek

Lake Erie

Mahopac, New York

Mamaroneck (village), New York

Mamaroneck, New York

Manhasset, New York

Manhattan - probably from , which seems to reflect Munsee Delaware [ˈeːnta mənaˈhahteːnk], "where one gathers bows" (with -/aht/-, "bow").

Massapequa, New York

Mattituck, New York

Merrick, New York

Montauk, New York

Napanoch, New York

Napeague, New York

Neversink River

Niagara Falls

Niskayuna, New York

Nissequogue River

Noyack, New York

Nyack, New York

Oatka Creek

Oneida, New York

Onondaga, New York

Oswego County, New York

Oswego River (New York)

Otisco Lake

Otisco, New York

Owasco Lake


Patchogue River

Patchogue, New York

Peconic, New York

Pepacton Reservoir

Poospatuck Reservation

Potic Creek

Poughkeepsie, New York

Queechy Lake

Quogue, New York

Quiogue, New York


Sacandaga River

Sagaponack, New York

Saranac River

Saratoga Springs, New York

Schodack, New York

Seneca Lake (New York)

Seneca, New York

Setauket-East Setauket, New York

Shandaken, New York

Shekomeko, New York

Skaneateles (village), New York

Susquehanna River

Taghkanic Creek

Taughannock Falls State Park

Ticonderoga, New York

Tioughnioga River

Tonawanda Creek

Tuckahoe (village), New York

Tuckahoe, Suffolk County, New York

Waccabuc, New York

Walloomsac River

Wappinger, New York

Wassaic, New York

Wawarsing, New York

Wyandanch, New York

Wykagyl (New Rochelle)

Wyoming County, New York

Yaphank, New York

Long Island

Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor approximately 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean. The island comprises four counties in the U.S. state of New York. Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds. More than half of New York City's residents now live on Long Island, in Brooklyn and Queens. However, many people in the New York metropolitan area (including those in Brooklyn and Queens) colloquially use the term Long Island (or the Island) to refer exclusively to Nassau and Suffolk Counties, which are mainly suburban in character, conversely employing the term the City to mean Manhattan alone.Broadly speaking, "Long Island" may refer both to the main island and the surrounding outer barrier islands. North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which lie Westchester County, New York, and the state of Connecticut. Across the Block Island Sound to the northeast is the state of Rhode Island. To the west, Long Island is separated from the Bronx and the island of Manhattan by the East River. To the extreme southwest, it is separated from Staten Island and the state of New Jersey by Upper New York Bay, the Narrows, and Lower New York Bay. To the east lie Block Island—which belongs to the State of Rhode Island—and numerous smaller islands.

Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 miles (190 km) eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 miles (37 km) between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast. With a land area of 1,401 square miles (3,630 km2), Long Island is the 11th-largest island in the United States and the 149th-largest island in the world—larger than the 1,214 square miles (3,140 km2) of the smallest U.S. state, Rhode Island.With a Census-estimated population of 7,869,820 in 2017, constituting nearly 40% of New York State's population, Long Island is the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory, and the 18th-most populous island in the world (ahead of Ireland, Jamaica, and Hokkaidō). Its population density is 5,595.1 inhabitants per square mile (2,160.3/km2). If Long Island geographically constituted an independent metropolitan statistical area, it would rank fourth most populous in the United States; while if it were a U.S. state, Long Island would rank 13th in population and first in population density. Long Island is culturally and ethnically diverse, featuring some of the wealthiest and most expensive neighborhoods in the Western Hemisphere near the shorelines as well as working-class areas in all four counties.

As a hub of commercial aviation, Long Island contains two of the New York City metropolitan area's three busiest airports, JFK International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, in addition to Islip MacArthur Airport; as well as two major air traffic control radar facilities, the New York TRACON and the New York ARTCC. Nine bridges and 13 tunnels (including railroad tunnels) connect Brooklyn and Queens to the three other boroughs of New York City. Ferries connect Suffolk County northward across Long Island Sound to the state of Connecticut. The Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad in North America and operates 24/7. Biotechnology companies and scientific research play a significant role in Long Island's economy, including research facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, the New York University Tandon School of Engineering, the City University of New York, and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine.

Mastic–Shirley station

Mastic–Shirley is a station on the Long Island Rail Road's Montauk Branch in Shirley, New York. This station is reached via William Floyd Parkway. The station has two ticket machines.


Metoac was a term erroneously used to describe Native Americans on Long Island in New York state, in the belief that various bands on the island comprised distinct tribes. The amateur anthropologist and U.S. Congressman Silas Wood published a book in the 19th century mistakenly claiming that several American Indian tribes were distinct to Long Island, New York. He collectively called them the Metoac. Scholars now understand that these historic peoples were part of two major cultural groups: the Lenape and the Wappinger-Wangunk-Quinnipiac peoples, both part of the Algonquian languages family.

Modern scientific scholarship has shown that Native American peoples on the island belonged to two major language and cultural groups among the Algonquian peoples who occupied Atlantic coastal areas from Canada through the American South. The bands in the western part of Long Island were related to those Lenape who had previously settled in the territory East of the Hudson river, and were related to peoples in what is now western Connecticut. Those to the east were more related culturally and linguistically to the Algonquian tribes of New England across Long Island Sound, such as the Pequot. Wood (and earlier colonial settlers) often confused Indian place names, by which the bands were known, as the names for different "tribes" living there.

Wood may have derived his collective term from metau-hok, the Algonquian word for the rough periwinkle, which played an important role in the economy of the region before and after the arrival of Europeans. Dutch colonists, some from New Netherland, were the primary European settlers in the early colonial era. The eastern part of the island was colonized by English settlers from southern New England. Indigenous populations declined significantly within a few decades of European contact, due to new infectious diseases to which they had no immunity.

Many of the place names given by the Lenape and Pequot populations are still in use today. The Shinnecock Indian Nation, based in part of what is now Southampton, New York in Suffolk County, has gained federal recognition as a tribe and has a reservation there.

Shinnecock Reservation

Shinnecock Reservation is an Indian reservation for members of the Shinnecock Indian Nation in the town of Southampton in Suffolk County, New York, United States. It is the furthermost east of the two Native American reservations in Suffolk County; the other being Poospatuck Reservation in the town of Brookhaven. It lies on the east side of Shinnecock Bay on southeastern Long Island, near Tuckahoe, Shinnecock Hills, and the village of Southampton. The population was 662 as of the 2010 census. Roughly that many tribal members additionally live off the reservation.

In 2010, the Nation received federal recognition as a tribe, a status which it pursued for 32 years. This will enable the tribe to move forward with its plans for a casino; it has already been discussing this with the state and local governments. Opposition to additional casinos in the New York market is based in part on dilution of demand: both the Foxwoods Casino in Connecticut and those in Atlantic City, New Jersey attract thousands of New Yorkers, and Aqueduct Racetrack opened a casino in 2011, and its proximity to the wealthy and powerful located in the neighboring Hamptons communities of the South Fork.

Suffolk County, New York

Suffolk County is a predominantly suburban county on Long Island and the easternmost county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 1,493,350, estimated to have decreased slightly to 1,492,953 in 2017, making it the fourth-most populous county in New York. Its county seat is Riverhead, though most county offices are in Hauppauge. The county was named after the county of Suffolk in England, from where its earliest European settlers came.

Suffolk County incorporates the easternmost extreme of the New York City metropolitan area. The largest of Long Island's four counties and the second-largest of 62 counties in New York State, Suffolk measures 86 miles (138 km) in length and 26 miles (42 km) in width at its widest (including water).Major scientific research facilities in Suffolk County include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in Huntington, and Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island.

William "Tangier" Smith

William "Tangier" Smith (February 2, 1655 – February 18, 1705) was a mayor of Tangier, on the coast of Morocco, and an early settler of New York who owned more than 50 miles (80 km) of Atlantic Ocean waterfront property in central Long Island in New York State, in what is called the Manor of St. George. In 1701, he was Acting Governor of New York.

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