Pontotoc County, Oklahoma

Pontotoc County is in the south central part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,492.[1] Its county seat is Ada.[2] The county was created at statehood from part of the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory. It was named for a historic Chickasaw tribal area in Mississippi. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Pontotoc is usually translated "cattail prairie" or "land of hanging grapes." [3]

Pontotoc County comprises the Ada, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The Chickasaw Nation's headquarters are in Ada.

Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
Pontotoc County Courthouse, Ada, Oklahoma 3
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pontotoc County

Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma

Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Founded1907
SeatAda
Largest cityAda
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2015)38,194
 • Density52/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district4th

History

The present Pontotoc County was part of the land that the U. S. government granted in 1830 to the Choctaw tribe via the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. In 1837, the Chickasaw tribe was granted land within the Choctaw domain. In 1857, the Chickasaw Nation formed its own government on this land. However, few Chickasaw settled there until after the Civil War, mainly because of attacks by various Plains Indian tribes.[3]

The first settlers were located in the vicinity of Boggy Depot during the 1840s. Camp Arbuckle was established to protect migrants traveling on the California Road. After the Civil War, settlements began spreading through the area. Some of the new settlers were illegal white intruders and outlaws. The first post office was established at Stonewall in 1878. The town of Ada was founded in 1890. After three railroads built lines through Ada, it became the dominant community of the area. Ada was named county seat when Pontotoc County was created.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water.[4] The Canadian River forms the northern boundary.[3]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191024,331
192030,94927.2%
193032,4694.9%
194039,79222.6%
195030,875−22.4%
196028,089−9.0%
197027,867−0.8%
198032,59817.0%
199034,1194.7%
200035,1433.0%
201037,4926.7%
Est. 201638,330[5]2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
USA Pontotoc County, Oklahoma age pyramid
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,492 people residing in the county. 71.2% were White, 17.4% Native American, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% of some other race and 7.2% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 35,143 people, 13,978 households, and 9,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (49/mi²). There were 15,575 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (22/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.80% White, 2.06% Black or African American, 15.51% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 5.36% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,978 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,955, and the median income for a family was $35,400. Males had a median income of $26,785 versus $18,939 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,664. About 11.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[11]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 9,672 44.97%
Republican 8,616 40.06%
Others 3,219 14.97%
Total 21,507 100%

Economy

Cattle ranching was one of the most important economic activities in this area up through the territorial period. Agriculture rose to prominence in the early 20th century, with cotton being the most important crop. Cattle raising reemerged as the major industry, and the county is sometimes called "Hereford Heaven." [3]

Other important economic activities include limestone quarrying, cement production, light manufacturing, services and government. The city of Ada is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation, and the base of the Carl Albert Indian Health System.[3]

Communities

City

  • Ada (county seat)

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

NRHP sites

The following sites in Pontotoc County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Turner, Alvin O. "Pontotoc County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Coordinates: 34°43′N 96°41′W / 34.72°N 96.69°W

Aciculopoda

Aciculopoda is an extinct prawn which existed in what is now Oklahoma approximately 360 million years ago. It was described in 2010 on the basis of a single fossil from Oklahoma. The single species, Aciculopoda mapesi, was named by Rodney Feldmann and Carrie Schweitzer in honour of Royal Mapes, a paleontologist who discovered the type specimen. It is only the third unambiguous fossil decapod from before the Mesozoic.

Ada, Oklahoma

Ada is a city in and the county seat of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,810 at the 2010 census, an increase of 7.1 percent from 15,691 at the 2000 census. The city was named for Ada Reed, the daughter of an early settler, and was incorporated in 1901. Ada is home to East Central University, and is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation.

Ada is an Oklahoma Main Street City, an Oklahoma Certified City, and a Tree City USA member.

Ada Arts and Heritage Center

The Ada Arts and Heritage Center is a Colonial Revival styled building located at 400 South Rennie Street in Ada, Oklahoma, United States. The building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The building was built in 1939 as the original site of the Ada Public Library. In 1981, having outgrown the old library, the Ada Public Library moved to its current location at 12th and Rennie.

The building is now known as the Ada Arts and Heritage Center and serves as a museum with changing art displays and a collection of historic photographs.

Ada Gaming Center

The Ada Gaming Center is a Native American casino in Ada, Oklahoma. The center is the first gaming facility that was founded by the Chickasaw Nation, having started out as a bingo hall in 1983. The 22,482 sq ft (2,088.6 m2) facility includes a bar, the Traditions Bar, and a restaurant, the Double Down Grill, and 9,220 sq ft (857 m2) of gaming space. The center has seven tables for blackjack and Ultimate Texas Hold 'em, and more than 330 electronic gaming machines.

Byng, Oklahoma

Byng is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,090 at the 2000 census.

East Central University

East Central University (ECU or East Central) is a public, co-educational teaching university in Ada, in the south central region of Oklahoma. East Central one of the six universities that are part of Oklahoma's Regional University System. Beyond its flagship campus is Ada, the university has courses available in McAlester, Shawnee, Ardmore, and Durant, as well as online courses. Nearly 4,500 students are enrolled in the school's undergraduate and graduate programs. Founded as East Central State Normal School in 1909, its present name was adopted in 1985. Some of its more famous alumni include former NFL player Mark Gastineau, past governors Robert S. Kerr and George Nigh, former U.S. Representative Lyle Boren, Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Tom Colbert, and U.S. Army General James D. Thurman.

Fittstown, Oklahoma

Fittstown is an unincorporated community in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. Fittstown is located on U.S. Route 377 11 miles (18 km) south-southeast of Ada. Fittstown has a post office with ZIP code 74842.

Fitzhugh, Oklahoma

Fitzhugh is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 204 at the 2000 census.

Happyland, Oklahoma

Happyland is an unincorporated community in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, in the United States.Happyland has frequently been noted on lists of unusual place names. Sign theft of the Happyland sign has been reported.

Harden City, Oklahoma

Harden City is an unincorporated community in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. The community is located 11 miles south of Ada. It was named after community resident Andrew Harden.

Jim Turner (center)

James Kay Turner (January 14, 1912 – June 22, 1995) was an American football center who played one season with the Cleveland Rams of the National Football League. He played college football at Oklahoma State University and attended Wichita Falls High School in Wichita Falls, Texas.

Kullihoma Grounds

Kullihoma Grounds consists of 1,500 acres (6,100,000 m2) owned by the Chickasaw Nation, located 10 miles (16 km) east of Ada, Oklahoma. The land was purchased in 1936, and the Chickasaw built replicas of historic tribal dwellings on the site and uses it as a stomp ground. Historically, Chickasaw housing consisted of summer and winter houses and corn cribs. The tribe also built a circular council house on the site.

From Indian Removal to 1936, Chickasaw people held conducted an annual Green Corn Ceremony on this land.Choctaw and Chickasaw people use the ground for cultural celebrations, such as stomp dances, stick ball tournaments, and the annual Chikasha Ittafama, or Chickasaw Reunion. The game of chunkey, which had been played by Eastern Woodlands tribes and Plains tribes long before European and African contract, was reintroduced at the Chickasaw Reunion.

Latta, Oklahoma

Latta is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. Its population was 1,172 as of 2016. Oklahoma State Highway 1 passes through the community.

Latta High School

Latta High School is a high school located in Ada, Oklahoma. It is the only high school in the Latta School District. 39% of the student body is economically disadvantaged. Latta High placed in the top 5% of Oklahoma high schools for overall test scores. In 2016, the Oklahoma State Department of Education rated Latta High School as a High-Performing School.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map.There are 9 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted May 3, 2019.

Pontotoc Technology Center

Pontotoc Technology Center (PTC) is a public career and technology education center in Ada, Oklahoma. Part of the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education system, PTC provides students with modern classroom facilities, exceptional equipment, and qualified instructors for a constructive education and training service.

Roff, Oklahoma

Roff is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 734 at the 2000 census.

Stonewall, Oklahoma

Stonewall is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. Named for Confederate General Stonewall Jackson, the settlement's post office was established in December, 1874.

Vanoss, Oklahoma

Vanoss is an unincorporated community in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. The community is located 10 miles west of Ada. The town was originally named Midland and was located a few miles away from its present location. When the Oklahoma Central Railroad was built, the townspeople moved the town so it would be next to the railroad, and they changed its name to Vanoss in honor of Salomon Frederik van Oss (S.F. Vanoss), who was a Dutch director and financier of the Oklahoma Central Railroad. Though little remains of the community, Vanoss Public Schools, including an elementary school, a middle school, and Vanoss High School, continue to serve the surrounding area.

Places adjacent to Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
Municipalities and communities of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States
City
Towns
CDP
Other unincorporated
communities
Footnotes
Topics
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Regions
Largest cities
Counties

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