Pontifical Oriental Institute

The Pontifical Oriental Institute (Latin: Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Italian: Pontificio Istituto Orientale) or "Orientale" is the premier center for the study of Eastern Christianity in Rome, Italy.

Pontifical Oriental Institute
TypePontifical institute
FounderPope Benedict XV
Academic affiliation
Gregorian University
ChancellorLeonardo Sandri
RectorFr. David Nazar, S.J.
Piazza of St. Mary Major, 7
00185 Rome, Italy


The pontifical institute was established in 1917 by Pope Benedict XV. Pope Pius XI entrusted the Institute to the Society of Jesus in 1922, and with the 1928 encyclical "Rerum Orientalium" encouraged bishops to send students to the Institute to be formed as future professors in Oriental studies. In that same year, Pius XI associated the Institute with the Pontifical Gregorian University and the Pontifical Biblical Institute, thus forming the Gregorian Consortium.[1]

In 1971, the Faculty of Oriental Canon Law was erected alongside the already existing Faculty of Oriental Ecclesiastical Studies. The Faculty of Oriental Canon Law had a crucial role in the production of Code of Canon Law for the Oriental Churches.[1]

The Institute has been located across from the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore since 1926. It is separated from the Collegium Russicum by the Church of Saint Antony. According to article 16 of the Lateran Treaty, signed in 1929 between Italy and the Holy See, the property of the Oriental Institute enjoys a certain level of extraterritoriality, with the Holy See having all rights over the infrastructure without interference from the Italian State, and free from all Italian taxation.

Since 1993, the Grand Chancellor of the Oriental Institute has been the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, and in 2016 was Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, while the Rector was Fr. David Nazar, S.J.[2]

Library and publications

The library of the Orientale includes one of the most extensive collections on Eastern Christianity, including 180,000 volumes and used for research work by scholars worldwide.[1] Its collection on Christian oriental literature includes a rare collection of Old Slavonic manuscripts.

  • Orientalia Christiana Analecta publishes book-length works by experts on Eastern Christianity.
  • Orientalia Christiana Periodica contains articles and book reviews.
  • Kanonika covers topics on canon law.
  • Anaphorae Orientales prints Eucharistic prayers of the Christian East.
  • Edizioni Orientalia Christiana also publishes single works.

Prominent associates and alumni


  1. ^ a b c Website Archived 2016-01-06 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Pontifical Oriental Institute". GCatholic. Retrieved 2017-10-09.

Coordinates: 41°53′50″N 12°29′59″E / 41.89722°N 12.49972°E

Andrew Pataki

Andrew Pataki (August 30, 1927 – December 8, 2011) was an Eastern Catholic hierarch, the second bishop of Parma for the Byzantines, and the third bishop of Passaic for the Byzantines.

Andrews Thazhath

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Founder, Father & Head of Legion of Apostolic Families (LOAF). LOAF is a Lay Pious Association of Consecrated Families founded by Mar Andrews Thazhath in the year 2009.

Borys Gudziak

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On Monday, February 18th, 2019, the Vatican Information Service announced that the Holy Father has appointed Most Rev. Borys Gudziak as Archeparch of Philadelphia for Ukrainians and Metropolitan for the Ukrainian Catholic Church in USA and thus concurring with the recommendation of the appointment offered by the Synod of Ukrainian Catholic Bishops, which met in September of 2018 in Lviv, Ukraine. He is scheduled to be installed on June 4, 2019.

Cyril Vasiľ

Archbishop Cyril Vasiľ, S.J., (born 10 April 1965) is a Slovak Jesuit priest, professor and Rector of the Pontifical Oriental Institute. He was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches (7 May 2009) and consecrated bishop of the (titular) see of Ptolemais in Libya (14 June 2009).Vasiľ was born in Košice, Slovakia. From 1982 to 1987 he attended the Faculty of Theology of Cyril and Methodius in Bratislava. He was ordained priest for the Slovak Greek Catholic Church in 1987. In 1989 he obtained the licentiate in canon law at the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome.

On 15 October 1990 he entered the Society of Jesus and in 2001 made his solemn profession. In 1994 he obtained a doctorate in Eastern Canon Law at the Pontifical Oriental Institute.In 2002 he was elected Dean of the Faculty of Eastern Canon Law at the Pontifical Oriental Institute and pro-rector, and in May 2007 rector, the first member of the Slovak Greek Catholic Church to hold that post.

He was a Consultor of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants. He was appointed an expert to the assembly of the General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist that was held in 2005. He was also a professor in the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, the Theological Faculty of the University of Bratislava and the University of Trnava. In 2003 he was appointed Spiritual Director of the Union Internationale des Guides et Scouts d′Europe. He served as Spiritual Director of this traditional faith-based Scouting organization until 2007.In addition to Slovak, he knows Latin, Italian, English, Russian, Ukrainian, French, German, Polish, Spanish, Greek and Old Church Slavonic.

He is the author of numerous books and articles and has worked with Vatican Radio.On 7 May 2009, Pope Benedict XVI appointed him titular Archbishop of Ptolemais in Libya and Secretary of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, a department of the Roman Curia headed by Cardinal Leonardo Sandri. He succeeded Antonio Maria Vegliò, who on 28 February 2009 had become President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants.On 21 January 2010 he was appointed as a consultor to the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity in addition to his duties at the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.

Eugene Bossilkov

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Eugeniusz Popowicz

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Hlib Lonchyna

Bishop Hlib Borys Sviatoslav Lonchyna (Ukrainian: Гліб Борис Святослав Лончи́на; born 23 February 1954) is eparchial Bishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of the Holy Family of London since 18 January 2013. Previously, he served as the Apostolic Exarch for Ukrainian Catholics in Great Britain since 14 June 2011.

Lonchyna, was born to Ukrainian parents in Steubenville, Ohio within the Eparchy of Saint Josaphat in Parma for Ukrainians. He attended the Pontifical Urbanian University in Rome where in 1979 he obtained a degree in biblical theology and the Pontifical Oriental Institute, graduating in Eastern liturgical theology in 2001.

In 1975 he entered the monastery of Grottaferrata of Ukrainian Studite Monks, where he made his final vows 19 December 1976. He was ordained a priest 3 July 1977. He worked in the parish of St. Nicholas in Passaic, New Jersey and then was prefect of the students of the College of St. Sophia in Rome.

After his arrival in Ukraine in 1994, he was the spiritual director of the Major Seminary in Lviv. At the same time he taught at the Lviv Theological Academy. He served as associate in the local Apostolic Nunciature in Kyiv.

On 11 January 2002 and was appointed Titular Bishop of Bareta and Auxiliary Bishop of Lviv of the Ukrainians. Cardinal Lubomyr Husar consecrated him on 27 February. On 14 January 2003 he was appointed Apostolic Visitor for the Greek–Ukrainian Catholics in Italy and as the Major Archbishop's Procurator in Rome. On 4 March 2004 he also became Apostolic Visitor in Spain and Ireland.

On 25 March 2006 he returned to Ukraine, in charge of Consecrated Life, maintaining the commitment of Apostolic Visitor in Italy, Spain and Ireland. On 7 January 2009 he was replaced as Apostolic Visitor in Italy and Spain. On 2 June 2009 he was appointed Apostolic Administrator "sede vacante" of the Apostolic Exarchate for Ukrainian Catholics in Britain. He took part in the election of the new major archbishop in 2011 after Cardinal Husar's retirement.

He was formally named Apostolic Exarch by Pope Benedict XVI on 14 June 2011, and installed on August 2, 2011. With the elevation of the Apostolic Exarchate of Great Britain to the dignity of an Eparchy, he became her first bishop.

Hryhoriy Komar

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Jacob Thoomkuzhy

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Joseph Soueif

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Ján Babjak

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Józef Milik

Józef Tadeusz Milik (Seroczyn, Poland, March 24, 1922 – Paris, January 6, 2006) was a Polish biblical scholar and a Catholic priest, well-known researcher of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) through the deserts of Judea/Jordana, and translator and editor of Enoch book in Aramaic (fragments).He was fluent in Russian, Italian, French, German, and English besides his native Polish, plus many ancient and dead languages including Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Syriac, old church Slavonic, Arabic, Georgian, Ugaritic, Akkadian, Sumerian, Egyptian, and Hittite.

Mykhaylo Bubniy

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Peter Hans Kolvenbach

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Raphael Thattil

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Robert F. Taft

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Teodor Martynyuk

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Tomáš Špidlík

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Yosafat Hovera

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