The Pontifical Biblical Institute (also known as "Biblicum"), is a research and postgraduate teaching institution specialised in biblical and ancient Near Eastern studies. It is an institution of the Holy See entrusted to the Society of Jesus.
|Pontifical Biblical Institute|
|Latin: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum|
|Founder(s)||Pope Pius X|
|Mission||Biblical and ancient Near Eastern Studies|
|Rector||Michael Kolarcik, SJ|
|Website||Pontifical Biblical Institute|
The Pontifical Biblical Institute was founded by Pope Pius X in the Apostolic Letter Vinea Electa in 1909 as a centre of advanced studies in Holy Scripture. At first, the institute prepared students for exams at the Pontifical Biblical Commission. In 1916, it was licensed by Pope Benedict XV to grant academic degrees in the name of the Commission, and in 1928, it was licensed by Pope Pius XI to grant doctorates in affiliation with the Pontifical Gregorian University, independently of the Commission. In 1927, a branch was opened in Jerusalem. In 1932, the Oriental Faculty was founded.
Albert Gregory Meyer (March 9, 1903 – April 9, 1965) was an American prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Chicago from 1958 until his death in 1965, and was appointed a cardinal in 1959.Albert Vanhoye
Albert Vanhoye, SJ (born 24 July 1923) is a priest of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) and an exegete. He was created cardinal in 2006. He gave the 2008 Lenten Papal and Curial Retreat.Alexander M. Zaleski
Alexander Mieceslaus Zaleski (24 Jun 1906 – 16 May 1975) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Lansing from 1965 until his death in 1975.Biblica (journal)
Biblica is an academic journal published by the Pontifical Biblical Institute. The editor-in-chief is Dean Béchard.Boris de Rachewiltz
Prince Boris de Rachewiltz (Boris Baratti) (1926–1997) was an Italian-Russian Egyptologist and writer on Africa and the ancient world. He studied Egyptology at the Pontifical Biblical Institute (1951–1955).Donald Walter Trautman
Donald Walter Trautman (born June 24, 1936) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Erie.Giuseppe Betori
Giuseppe Betori (born 25 February 1947 in Foligno, Italy) is an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the archbishop of Florence and the former Secretary General of the Italian Episcopal Conference.John Dominic Crossan
John Dominic Crossan (born February 17, 1934) is an Irish-American New Testament scholar, historian of early Christianity, and former Catholic priest who has produced both scholarly and popular works. His research has focused on the historical Jesus, on the cultural anthropology of the Ancient Mediterranean and New Testament worlds and on the application of postmodern hermeneutical approaches to the Bible.
His work is controversial, portraying the Second Coming as a late corruption of Jesus' message and saying that Jesus' divinity is metaphorical.
In place of the eschatological message of the Gospels, Crossan emphasizes the historical context of Jesus and of his followers immediately after his death.
He describes Jesus' ministry as founded on free healing and communal meals, negating the social hierarchies of Jewish culture and the Roman Empire.Crossan is a major scholar in contemporary historical Jesus research.
In particular, he and Burton Mack are notable advocates for a non-eschatological view of Jesus, a view that contradicts the more common view that Jesus was an apocalyptic preacher.
While contemporary scholars see more value in noncanonical gospels than past scholars did, Crossan goes further and identifies a few noncanonical gospels as earlier than and superior to the canonical ones. The very early dating of these non-canonical sources is not accepted by the vast majority of biblical scholars.John Francis Whealon
John Francis Whealon (January 15, 1921 – August 2, 1991) was an American clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Erie (1966–68) and Archbishop of Hartford (1968–91).Joseph Fitzmyer
Joseph Augustine Fitzmyer (November 4, 1920 – December 24, 2016) was an American Catholic priest of the Society of Jesus and professor emeritus at The Catholic University of America, in Washington, DC.
He specialized in biblical studies, particularly the New Testament, but he also made contributions to the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and early Jewish literature.Józef Milik
Józef Tadeusz Milik (Seroczyn, Poland, March 24, 1922 – Paris, January 6, 2006) was a Polish biblical scholar and a Catholic priest, well-known researcher of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) through the deserts of Judea/Jordana, and translator and editor of Enoch book in Aramaic (fragments).He was fluent in Russian, Italian, French, German, and English besides his native Polish, plus many ancient and dead languages including Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Syriac, old church Slavonic, Arabic, Georgian, Ugaritic, Akkadian, Sumerian, Egyptian, and Hittite.Kieran O'Reilly (bishop)
Kieran O'Reilly SMA (born 8 August 1952) is the Archbishop of Cashel and Emly. He was installed in the see on 8 February 2015 having been translated from the see of Killaloe.Martin Drennan
Martin Drennan (born 2 January 1944) is the former Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of Galway and Kilmacduagh and Apostolic Administrator for the Diocese of Kilfenora. Pope Francis accepted his resignation on 29 July 2016.Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky
Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky (Ukrainian: Мирослав Іван Любачівський; 24 June 1918, Dolyna, Austria-Hungary – 14 December 2000, Lviv, Ukraine), Cardinal, was Bishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia in the United States and from 1984 Major Archbishop of Lviv and head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC).Pierre Benoit (archaeologist)
Maurice Benoit (3 August 1906 – 23 April 1987), better known as Pierre Benoit, was a French Catholic priest, exegete, and theologian.Prosper Grech
Prospero Grech (born 24 December 1925) is a Maltese Augustinian friar, who co-founded the Patristic Institute Augustinianum in Rome and was created a cardinal on 18 February 2012.Richard J. Sklba
Richard John Sklba (born September 11, 1935) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee from 1979–2010.Rubén Salazar Gómez
Jesús Rubén Darío Salazar Gómez (born 22 September 1942) is Cardinal, and current Archbishop of Bogotá since his installation on 13 August 2010.William L. Moran
William Lambert Moran (August 11, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American Assyriologist. He was born in Chicago, United States.
In 1939, Moran joined the Jesuit order. He then attended Loyola University in Chicago, where he received his B.A. in 1944. After this, he taught Latin and Greek in a high school in Cincinnati between 1946 and 1947. He resumed his studies at Johns Hopkins University and gained his Ph.D. in 1950. After further studies he worked on the "Chicago Assyrian Dictionary", and in 1955 he taught biblical studies at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome between 1958 and 1966.
In 1966, he took the position as professor of Assyriology at Harvard University, and was respected as a rigorous and learned teacher of the Akkadian language who could easily discuss problems in Biblical lexicon and literature. He was married to Suzanne Drinker in 1970. In 1985, he was appointed Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities Emeritus, and in 1996 he was made a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
He retired in 1990, and moved to Brunswick, Maine, where he died in 2000. In 2005, a 224-page book titled 'Biblical and Oriental Essays in Memory of William L. Moran,' edited by Agustinus Gianto for Biblica et Orientalia 48 was published by Roma: Pontificio Istituto Biblico to honor his career and memory.