Pontifical Biblical Institute

The Pontifical Biblical Institute (also known as "Biblicum"), is a research and postgraduate teaching institution specialised in biblical and ancient Near Eastern studies. It is an institution of the Holy See entrusted to the Society of Jesus.

Pontifical Biblical Institute
Latin: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum
Founder(s)Pope Pius X
MissionBiblical and ancient Near Eastern Studies
FocusCatholic, Jesuit
RectorMichael Kolarcik, SJ
Piazza della Pilotta
Rome, Italy
WebsitePontifical Biblical Institute
Biblical Institute of Rome
Biblical Institute, Rome
המכון האפיפיורי למקרא 2
Biblical Institute, Jerusalem


The Pontifical Biblical Institute was founded by Pope Pius X in the Apostolic Letter Vinea Electa in 1909 as a centre of advanced studies in Holy Scripture.[1] At first, the institute prepared students for exams at the Pontifical Biblical Commission. In 1916, it was licensed by Pope Benedict XV to grant academic degrees in the name of the Commission, and in 1928, it was licensed by Pope Pius XI to grant doctorates in affiliation with the Pontifical Gregorian University, independently of the Commission.[2] In 1927, a branch was opened in Jerusalem.[3] In 1932, the Oriental Faculty was founded.


All of its rectors have been Jesuit priests. Cardinal Bea is particularly noteworthy for having defended the university against charges of Modernism before the Second Vatican Council.

  • Leopold Fonck (1909-1924)
  • John J. O'Rourke (1924-1930)
  • Augustin Bea (1930-1949)
  • Ernest Vogt (1949-1963)
  • Roderick A. MacKenzie (1963-1969)
  • Carlo Maria Martini (1969-1978)
  • Maurice Gilbert (1978-1984)
  • Albert Vanhoye (1984-1990)
  • Klemens Stock (1990-1996)
  • Robert F. O'Toole (1996-2002)
  • Stephen Pisano (2002-2008)
  • José-Maria Abrego de Lac (2008-2014)
  • Michael Kolarcik (2014 to present) [4]


Among the prominent alumni of the Biblicum, the following were elevated to the episcopate and/or the cardinalate:

See also


  1. ^ "Biblicum from Vatican". Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  2. ^ "History". www.biblico.it. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  3. ^ House in Jerusalem
  4. ^ Catholic

External links

Coordinates: 41°53′56″N 12°29′01″E / 41.898785°N 12.483665°E

Albert Gregory Meyer

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Albert Vanhoye

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Alexander M. Zaleski

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Biblica (journal)

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Boris de Rachewiltz

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Donald Walter Trautman

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Giuseppe Betori

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John Dominic Crossan

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His work is controversial, portraying the Second Coming as a late corruption of Jesus' message and saying that Jesus' divinity is metaphorical.

In place of the eschatological message of the Gospels, Crossan emphasizes the historical context of Jesus and of his followers immediately after his death.

He describes Jesus' ministry as founded on free healing and communal meals, negating the social hierarchies of Jewish culture and the Roman Empire.Crossan is a major scholar in contemporary historical Jesus research.

In particular, he and Burton Mack are notable advocates for a non-eschatological view of Jesus, a view that contradicts the more common view that Jesus was an apocalyptic preacher.

While contemporary scholars see more value in noncanonical gospels than past scholars did, Crossan goes further and identifies a few noncanonical gospels as earlier than and superior to the canonical ones. The very early dating of these non-canonical sources is not accepted by the vast majority of biblical scholars.

John Francis Whealon

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Joseph Fitzmyer

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He specialized in biblical studies, particularly the New Testament, but he also made contributions to the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and early Jewish literature.

Józef Milik

Józef Tadeusz Milik (Seroczyn, Poland, March 24, 1922 – Paris, January 6, 2006) was a Polish biblical scholar and a Catholic priest, well-known researcher of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) through the deserts of Judea/Jordana, and translator and editor of Enoch book in Aramaic (fragments).He was fluent in Russian, Italian, French, German, and English besides his native Polish, plus many ancient and dead languages including Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Syriac, old church Slavonic, Arabic, Georgian, Ugaritic, Akkadian, Sumerian, Egyptian, and Hittite.

Kieran O'Reilly (bishop)

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Martin Drennan

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Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky

Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky (Ukrainian: Мирослав Іван Любачівський; 24 June 1918, Dolyna, Austria-Hungary – 14 December 2000, Lviv, Ukraine), Cardinal, was Bishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia in the United States and from 1984 Major Archbishop of Lviv and head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC).

Pierre Benoit (archaeologist)

Maurice Benoit (3 August 1906 – 23 April 1987), better known as Pierre Benoit, was a French Catholic priest, exegete, and theologian.

Prosper Grech

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Richard J. Sklba

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Rubén Salazar Gómez

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William L. Moran

William Lambert Moran (August 11, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American Assyriologist. He was born in Chicago, United States.

In 1939, Moran joined the Jesuit order. He then attended Loyola University in Chicago, where he received his B.A. in 1944. After this, he taught Latin and Greek in a high school in Cincinnati between 1946 and 1947. He resumed his studies at Johns Hopkins University and gained his Ph.D. in 1950. After further studies he worked on the "Chicago Assyrian Dictionary", and in 1955 he taught biblical studies at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome between 1958 and 1966.

In 1966, he took the position as professor of Assyriology at Harvard University, and was respected as a rigorous and learned teacher of the Akkadian language who could easily discuss problems in Biblical lexicon and literature. He was married to Suzanne Drinker in 1970. In 1985, he was appointed Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities Emeritus, and in 1996 he was made a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

He retired in 1990, and moved to Brunswick, Maine, where he died in 2000. In 2005, a 224-page book titled 'Biblical and Oriental Essays in Memory of William L. Moran,' edited by Agustinus Gianto for Biblica et Orientalia 48 was published by Roma: Pontificio Istituto Biblico to honor his career and memory.[1]


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