Ponos /ˈpoʊˌnɒs/ or Ponus /ˈpoʊnəs/ (Ancient Greek: Πόνος Pónos; "toil, labour") was the god of hard labor and toil in Greek mythology. His mother was the goddess Eris ("discord"), who was the daughter of Nyx ("night"). He was the brother of Algos, Lethe, Limos, and Horkos.[1] According to some accounts, Ponos attested as the son of Nyx and Erebus ("darkness").


Hesiod's Account

In Hesiod's Theogony (226-232), Ponos' genealogy was described along with his other daemones-siblings:

And hateful Eris bore painful Ponos ("Hardship"),
Lethe ("Forgetfulness") and Limos ("Starvation") and the tearful Algea ("Pains"),
Hysminai ("Battles"), Makhai ("Wars"), Phonoi ("Murders"), and Androktasiai ("Manslaughters");
Neikea ("Quarrels"), Pseudo-Logoi ("Lying Stories"), Amphillogiai ("Disputes")
Dysnomia ("Anarchy") and Ate ("Ruin"), near one another,
and Horkos ("Oath"), who most afflicts men on earth,
Then willing swears a false oath.[2]

Cicero's Account

In Cicero's De Natura Deorum, an alternative genealogy was given to Ponos:

". . .Sky (Aether) and Day (Hemera), as also their brothers and sisters, which by ancient genealogists are thus named: Love (Amor) Deceit (Dolus), Fear (Metus), Labor (Ponos), Envy (Invidentia), Fate (Fatum), Old Age (Senectus), Death (Mors), Darkness (Tenebrae), Misery (Miseria), Lamentation (Luctus), Favor (Gratia), Fraud (Fraus), Obstinacy (Pertinacia), the Destinies (Fates), the Hesperides, and Dreams (Somnia); all which are the offspring of Erebus and Night (Nox) . . ."


  1. ^ Grimal, Pierre; A. R. Maxwell-Hyslop (1996). The Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. p. 152. ISBN 0-631-20102-5.
  2. ^ Translation by Richard Caldwell, Hesiod's Theogony, Focus Publishing/R. Pullins Company (June 1, 1987). ISBN 978-0-941051-00-2.
24sata (Croatia)

24sata is the leading media company in Croatia. The first edition of the daily newspaper 24sata was published on March 2, 2005. 24sata rapidly expanded from print to the online, mobile, social and video platforms, reaching a daily average of 2 million people (source: gemiusRating, Facebook, YouTube, Ipsos MEDIApuls 2019). At the beginning stages of 24sata as a daily newspaper, the focus was mainly on the younger population, but the innovative concept of news selection and presentation, with an emphasis on curiosities, quickly "infected" all segments of the Croatian population. Its editorial concept is focused on the reader on all platforms, and it combines the most important characteristics of the most cutting edge media. In line with the global trends, in the past two years 24sata has been creating a digital revolution both in the Croatian and the regional market. It has been upgrading its "digital-first" strategy daily, constantly adjusting to market conditions, creating new formats, and reaffirming its leading position in all areas, from print to digital. Furthermore, 24sata is the most awarded media company in the region.


Algea (Ancient Greek: Ἄλγεα; singular: Ἄλγος) is used by Hesiod in the plural as the personification of pain, both physical and mental, which are there represented as the children of Eris, Greek goddess of strife. They were siblings to Lethe, Limos, Horkos, and Ponos.Algos in Greek is a neuter noun literally meaning "pain".

The name is related to the word suffix '-algia' denoting a painful condition.The three known Algea are Lupe (Λυπη - "pain"), Achos (Αχος - "grief"), and Ania (Ανια - "sorrow").


In Greek mythology, the Amphillogiai (Ancient Greek: Ἀμφιλλογίαι; singular: Amphillogia) were goddesses of disputes. Hesiod's Theogony identifies them as the daughters of Eris ("strife") and sisters of Ponos ("Hardship"), Lethe ("Forgetfulness"), Limos ("Starvation"), Algae ("Pains"), Hysminai ("Battles"), Makhai ("Wars"), Phonoi ("Murders"), Androktasiai (Manslaughters"), Neikea ("Quarrels"), Pseudea ("Lies"), Logoi ("Stories"), Dysnomia ("Anarchy"), Ate ("Ruin"), and Horkos ("Oath").


In Greek mythology, the Androctasiae or Androktasiai (Ancient Greek: Ἀνδροκτασίαι; singular: Androktasia) were the female personifications of manslaughter, and daughters of the goddess of strife and discord, Eris. This name is also used for all of Eris' children collectively, as a whole group.

Hesiod in the Theogony names their mother as Eris ("Discord"), and their siblings as: Ponos (Hardship), Lethe (Forgetfulness), Limos (Starvation), the Algea (Pains), the Hysminai (Battles), the Makhai (Wars), the Phonoi (Murders), the Neikea (Quarrels), the Pseudea (Lies), the Logoi (Stories), the Amphillogiai (Disputes), Dysnomia (Anarchy), Ate (Ruin), and Horkos (Oath) In the epic poem the Shield of Heracles, attributed to Hesiod, Androktasia (singular) was one of the many figures, depicted on Heracles' shield.


In Greek mythology, Angelia (Ἀγγελία) was a daughter of Hermes, the messenger of the gods. She was the Daemon of messages, tidings, and proclamations. She is not well known: one of the few references that proclaim her existence is a Greek lyric from the 5th century BC.

Dysnomia (deity)

Dysnomia (Δυσνομία; "lawlessness"), imagined by Hesiod among the daughters of "abhorred Eris" ("Strife"), is the daemon of "lawlessness", who shares her nature with Atë ("ruin"); she makes rare appearances among other personifications in poetical contexts that are marginal in ancient Greek religion but become central to Greek philosophy: see Plato's Laws.

Edi Ponoš

Edi Ponoš (born 10 April 1976) is a male javelin thrower from Croatia. His personal best throw was 77.95 metres, achieved in June 2004 in Ljubljana.He won the bronze medal at the 2001 Mediterranean Games. He also competed at the 2004 Olympic Games, but without reaching the final. He became Croatian javelin throw champion in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2006.In June 2009 Ponoš was severely injured in a motorcycle accident and spent 10 days in a coma. By September 2009, Ponoš was already back to light training, having made a successful recovery.


In Greek mythology, Epiales (also Epialos, Epioles, Epialtes or Ephialtes) (Greek: Ἠπιάλης, also Ἠπίαλος, Ἠπιόλης, Ἐπιάλτης, Ἐφιάλτης), also known as melas oneiros (Black Dream) was the spirit (daemon) and personification of nightmares.


In Greek mythology, Homados (Greek: Όμαδος) was the personification of battle-noise. He is mentioned together with other personifications having to do with war. A figure similar to him is Kydoimos.


In Greek mythology, the figure of Horkos (Greek: Ὅρκος, "oath") personifies the curse that will be inflicted on any person who swears a false oath. In Aesop’s Fables there is a cautionary story, numbered 239 in the Perry Index, indicating that retribution is swift where the god is defied. Oath-taking and the penalties for perjuring oneself played an important part in the Ancient Greek concept of justice.


Limos (Greek: Λιμός; "starvation"), Roman Fames , was the goddess of starvation in ancient Greek religion. She was opposed by Demeter, goddess of grain and the harvest with whom Ovid wrote Limos could never meet, and Plutus, the god of wealth and the bounty of rich harvests.


In Greek mythology, the Neikea (Greek: Νείκεα; singular: Νεῖκος Neikos "quarrels") were spirits of arguments. Hesiod's Theogony identifies them as children of Eris (strife) through parthenogenesis and siblings of Ponos ("Hardship"), Lethe ("Forgetfulness"), Limos ("Starvation"), Algae ("Pains"), Hysminai ("Battles"), Makhai ("Wars"), Phonoi ("Murders"), Androktasiai (Manslaughters"), Pseudea ("Lies"), Logoi ("Stories"), Amphillogiai ("Disputes"), Dysnomia ("Anarchy"), Ate ("Ruin"), and Horkos ("Oath").

Nova M

Nova M (formerly Pink M) is a television station in Montenegro with a signal and broadcast licence that covers its entire territory.


In Greek mythology, Palioxis (Greek: Παλίωξις) was the personification of backrush, flight and retreat in battle (as opposed to Proioxis). She is mentioned together with other personifications having to do with war.


In Greek mythology, the Phonoi (Ancient Greek: Φονος; singular: Phonos) were male personifications of murder. Hesiod in the Theogony names their mother as Eris ("Discord"), and their siblings as: Ponos (Hardship), Lethe (Forgetfulness), Limos (Starvation), the Algea (Pains), the Hysminai (Battles), the Makhai (Wars), the Androktasiai (Manslaughters), the Neikea (Quarrels), the Pseudea (Lies), the Logoi (Stories), the Amphillogiai (Disputes), Dysnomia (Anarchy), Ate (Ruin), and Horkos (Oath) In the epic poem the Shield of Heracles, attributed to Hesiod, Phonos (singular) was one of the many figures, depicted on Heracles' shield.

Ponos i laž

Ponos i laž is the first studio album of Serbian singer Aca Lukas, which was released in 1995.

Tennis Federation of Serbia

The Tennis Federation of Serbia (Serbian: Тениски савез Србије / Teniski savez Srbije) is the organizing body of tennis in Serbia.The Federation's current president is Mirko Petrović, who awarded the "Ponos nacije" (Pride of the Nation) Award to Ana Ivanovic in 2012.

The Battle Cats

{{Infobox video game

| title = The Battle Cats

| image = TBCATSLogo.png

| caption =

| publisher = supercell

| platforms =

| released = Mobile DevicesSeptember 17, 2014Nintendo 3DSJune 27, 2016

| genre =

switch and 3ds.


The Battle Cats is a free-to-play strategy tower defense game developed by PONOS Corporation for iOS and Android mobile devices which first emerged in Japan under the name Nyanko Daisensou (meaning "The Great Neko War"). The Battle Cats premiered on the Japanese iOS App Store in November 2011 under the name of "Battle Nekos", with Android support following in December of that same year. It has sustained immense popularity in Japan and Korea, with an English version briefly appearing on the English-language iTunes/Google Play stores in 2012. But it later was deleted in both the US Google Play Stores and App Store. An improved version of this game was later released on September 17, 2017. A PC port release was available for download until late 2018, when PONOS Corporation cut support for its a doge rules.

Zdravko Ponoš

Zdravko Ponoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Здравко Понош; born November 3, 1962) is the former Chief of the General Staff of the Serbian Armed Forces.

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