Polish Press Agency

The Polish Press Agency (Polish: Polska Agencja Prasowa, PAP) is Poland's national news agency, producing and distributing political, economic, social, and cultural news as well as events information.[1]

Polska Agencja Prasowa S.A. was incorporated in 1918 as the Polish Telegraphic Agency (PTA). In 1944 following the Soviet entry into German-occupied Poland, the company was taken over by the Polish communists and set up under its current name as the local alternative to the still functioning Polish Telegraphic Agency loyal to the Polish government in exile from 1939 in Paris and London. During the reign of communism in Poland PAP was a government institution and the official communist mouthpiece. In 1990 after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Europe, the company was reformed and in 1991 the original PTA was finally merged into PAP to form the present day Agency.[1]

For many years the celebrated travel writer Ryszard Kapuściński worked as a field reporter for PAP; his posting as the agency's first Africa correspondent provided the material and inspiration for many of his later writings.

In May 2018 PAP launched an English-language news portal called The First News,[2] claiming that foreign media did not portray the country "entirely accurately" and with the goal of reaching "'specific opinion-forming circles' with the help of social media."[3]

Polska Agencja Prasowa
Not-for-profit news agency
IndustryNews media
FoundedWarsaw (1918)
Headquartersul. Bracka 6/8, Warsaw, 00-502 Poland
ProductsNews service
OwnerPolska Agencja Prasowa S.A.

See also

External links

  1. ^ a b "Polska Agencja Prasowa S.A." Bloomberg L.P. 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
  2. ^ https://thefirstnews.com/
  3. ^ https://polandin.com/37070892/polish-press-agency-launches-news-service-in-english
Agreement (political party)

Agreement (Polish: Porozumienie), is a conservative and liberal conservative political party in Poland. It was founded as Alliance (Polish: Zjednoczenie) in November 2017, led by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education Jarosław Gowin, as an expansion of Gowin's previous party, Poland Together, before changing its name. It is allied with the ruling party of Poland, Law and Justice (PiS), as part of the informal United Right coalition, and most of its MPs and Senators sit in the PiS parliamentary club.

Another Day of Life

Another Day of Life is a non-fiction record of three months of the Angolan Civil War by the Polish writer Ryszard Kapuściński.

It is made up of a notable description of the degradation of the Angolan capital, Luanda, an analysis of the various weaknesses of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) front, correspondence through Telex between Kapuściński and the Polish Press Agency and a brief history of the conflict in Angola until 1976.The book was turned into a full-length animated documentary by the same name. Filming of the documentary part of the film started in the Autumn of 2013 in Poland, Angola, Portugal and Cuba. Released in 2018 and directed by Raul de la Fuente and Damian Nenow, Another Day of Life is a Polish, Spanish, German, Belgian and Hungarian coproduction. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival of 2018.


Astronarium is a Polish documentary and popular science television series about astronomy and space research. The program is produced by the Polish Television and Polish Astronomical Society, with support from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The series premiered on March 2, 2015 on the TVP Regionalna channel (now the name of this channel is TVP 3). It has been broadcast in various channels in Poland and abroad, including TVP 1, TVP 3, TVP Polonia. The episodes are also available in internet as VOD, some of them with English subtitles. The cumulative audience in Poland during the first week of emission of an episode is on the level of 500 000 viewers (RCH parameter).The first season of 8 episodes was first broadcast from March to April 2015, the second season of 13 episodes from September 2015 to March 2016, the third season of 13 episodes started in April 2016.

Format of the series is about visiting science institutes and astronomical observatories, where scientists involved in research are explaining various topics about astronomy and space research. The serie uses also CGI renderings, video footages, photographs. Each episode is about a particular topic.

On January 15th, 2018, Astronarium was a winner in "Media" category of the "Popularyzator Nauki 2017" contest organized by the Polish Press Agency and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.


Astronomia.pl was a Polish portal about astronomy and space research created in 2001 and worked until 2015. It was the largest portal about astronomy and space in Poland in the years of its activity, and it was reaching 100 000 users monthly. The portal hosted over 3000 articles. The full name of Astronomia.pl was Polish Astronomy Portal (Polski Portal Astronomiczny in Polish). The website was run in Polish, however a small part of it was also in English.

Erazm Ciołek (photographer)

Erazm Ciołek (24 June 1937 – 13 November 2012) was a Polish photojournalist, author of many exhibitions and laureate of various awards. He is considered as the main photographer of the Solidarity movement.Ciołek was born in Łódź. In 1957, he enrolled at the Faculty of Sociology of the University of Warsaw, but he never graduated. He started to be an active journalist and photographer instead. He worked for Polityka magazine and the Polish Press Agency.

Ciołek was present in the Solidarity movement from its beginning, documenting the tumultuous events of the 1980s in Poland. He had access to the secret meetings of the Solidarity and shot his pictures as the sole photographer there.

He photographed the striking workers at the Gdańsk Shipyard; secretive meeting of the anti-communist opposition during the martial law in Poland; Solidarity demonstrations; John Paul II's pilgrimage to Poland; life in the Parish of St. Stanisław Kostka in Warsaw where the martyr priest Jerzy Popiełuszko worked and the funeral of Grzegorz Przemyk, Polish high school student murdered by the communist security forces in 1983.After the fall of communism in 1989, Ciołek worked for Gazeta Wyborcza daily.

As well as being a Solidarity photographer, Ciołek took travel photos in Nepal, Nicaragua and Cuba. He was also the first photographer in Poland to cover the subculture of drug addicts.Ciołek was distinguished for his works with many awards. In 2006, President Lech Kaczyński awarded him the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. He died, aged 75, in Warsaw.

European Sportsperson of the Year

European Sportsperson of the Year (Polish: Ankieta PAP na 10 najlepszych sportowców Europy) is an annual sports award presented by Polish Press Agency (PAP). It has been awarded since 1958. The European Sportsperson of the Year award honours the sportsperson deemed to have performed the best over the previous year, based on voting by 27 international news agencies.The 27 agencies that are part of the panel are: EFE (Spain) France Presse (France), Agerpress (Romania), ANP (Netherlands), APA (Austria), ATA (Albania), Belga (Belgium), Belta (Belarus), BTA (Bulgaria), CTK (Czech Republic), DPA (Germany), Elta (Lithuania), FENA (Bosnia and Herzegovina), HINA (Croatia), LETA (Latvia), Lusa (Portugal), Moldpres (Moldova), SDA-ATS (Switzerland), SHGSK (Kosovo), SID (Germany), Sita (Slovakia), STA (Slovenia), Tanjug (Serbia), TASS (Russia), Ukrinform (Ukraine) and PAP (Poland).

Franciszek Malinowski (journalist)

Franciszek Malinowski (23 May 1931 – 2 January 2014) was a Polish journalist, philologist and scholar.

Malinowski was born in 1931 in Wronki. He studied Polish literature at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin and Warsaw University in 1955, obtaining a master's degree there.From 1954 until 1956, he worked at Polskie Radio Warsaw, and until 1964 at Polski Radio Lublin. From 1964 until 1980, he ran the Polish Press Agency (PAP) branch in Lublin. From 1980 until 1988, he was a correspondent for PAP in Vienna.Since 1988, he was editor of Polski Radio, and then, after the Radiowo-Telewizyjny Ośrodek Nadawczy (Centre for Radio and Television) was established in Lublin, he served as its editor-in-chief and director. After retiring in 1991, he edited the "Forum Polonia" newsletter distributed to Polish communities around the world. He was also a member of the Society of Friends of Radio Lublin.He was awarded both the Knight's Cross and the Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. He won several journalism awards, including the Badge of Merit for his contribution to the Lublin region and for the city.Malinowski died on 2 January 2014, aged 82, in Poland.

Hilary Minc

Hilary Minc (24 August 1905, Kazimierz Dolny – 26 November 1974, Warsaw) was a communist politician in Stalinist Poland and a pro-Soviet Marxist economist.

Minc was of Jewish origin. He was born into the middle-class family of Oskar Minc and Stefania née Fajersztajn. Minc joined the Communist Party of Poland before World War II. Between 1944-1956, he was a member of the PWP/PUWP Politburo of the Polish Workers' Party.

Minc was the third in command in Bolesław Bierut's political apparatus following the Soviet takeover, after Jakub Berman and Bierut himself. He served as the Minister of Industry, Minister of Industry and Commerce, and deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs during the Stalinist period in the Polish People’s Republic all the way until 1956. Minc was a close associate of the Polish Communist leader Władysław Gomułka in their joint meetings with Joseph Stalin at the Kremlin. Stalin personally assigned Minc first to the Industry and then to the Transportation ministry of Poland in 1949. He was one of the main architects of Poland's Six-Year Plan, implemented in 1950. Minc's wife, Julia, was an Editor-in-Chief of the Polish Press Agency until 1954.

In 1956, he was removed from the Politburo and the Central Committee, and eventually forced to leave the Communist Party.

Leopold Unger

Leopold Unger (12 August 1922 – 20 December 2011) was a journalist, columnist, and essayist.

Unger was born in Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine). Nicknamed Brukselczyk and Pol Mathil, during World War II, he sought refuge in Romania. He began his career in 1948 in Bucharest as correspondent for the Polish Press Agency. After the war, he worked in Warsaw for the daily newspaper, Życie Warszawy. In 1967, he was laid off for political reasons, then forced to leave Poland in 1969 in the wake of the a 1968 anti-Semitic campaign launched by the communist authorities.Unger lived in Brussels from 1969, and wrote for the Brussels daily, Le Soir, as columnist, specialising in international affairs, mainly in the ex-USSR and Eastern Europe. He was formerly a fellow at the Wilson Center for International Scholars in Washington D.C. Between 1974 and 1982, he was a columnist for the International Herald Tribune in Paris, a regular commentator for the Polish Section of Radio Free Europe and, temporarily, for the Polish Section of the BBC.Unger published a monthly essay in Kultura (Paris), edited by Jerzy Giedroyc, a major Polish émigré democratic opposition forum. Since 1990, he has been writing a regular column for the Warsaw daily, Gazeta Wyborcza On 30 June 2009, he received an honorary doctorate from the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin. He died in Brussels, aged 89.

Maksymilian Berezowski

Maksymilian Berezowski (14 May 1923 in Vilnius – 30 July 2001 in Sopot) was a Polish author, journalist, and erudite scholar.

Berezowski studied at the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow and later held the rank of Major in the Polish Armed Forces.Berezowski authored many known and widely read books. He was a popular and respected journalist specializing in international relations and politics. He served as a correspondent for Trybuna Ludu and the Polish Press Agency (PAP) and was based in from 1963 to 1965 London, as well for nine years in the United States. Berezowski was also a radio and television commentator. He held an IREX scholarship at the Center of International Studies at Princeton University during 1977–1978 writing The role of morality in the conduct of U.S. foreign policy.He systematically visited the United States refreshing his contacts and knowledge directly from sources in various U.S. administrations that he later wrote about in his books.

National Media Council

The National Media Council is a Polish government agency "with the right to hire and fire personnel for state television and radio", namely Telewizja Polska, the Polish Radio External Service and the Polish Press Agency. It was established in 2016.

Pawel Maciag

Paweł Maciąg is a lawyer, journalist and diplomat. Specializes in international law and international relations.

Paweł Maciąg graduated from prestigious Warsaw University's Department of Law in the Institute of International Law. Ranked as a first from the list of 10 best University's in Poland. In 2009 he obtained a Ph.D. from very same Institute of International Law.

Dr. Maciag is the author of two books and hundreds of articles.

Polish Telegraphic Agency

Polish Telegraphic Agency (Polish: Polska Agencja Telegraficzna, PAT) was a Polish state-owned news agency established on October 31, 1918. Its main office was at first located in Krakow. Later, it was moved to Lwow, and finally to Warsaw, where it remained until the 1939 Invasion of Poland.

As the only such agency in the Second Polish Republic, the PAT was the official supplier of news on Poland both for the Polish press and foreign media (through 14 yearly bulletins issued in a number of languages, including Polish, French, English and German). Since 1927 the PAT also issued a weekly newsreel. After the Soviet and German take-over of Poland in 1939, the PAT continued its service abroad as the news agency of the Polish Government in Exile. In 1991 it was officially united with the Polish Press Agency operating in Poland. It is also considered a distant predecessor of the Polish Information Agency.

The bulletins, issued by the PAT, were main source of information about Poland for foreign press. They provided political, economic, cultural and sports news. In 1927, the agency produced its first, 10-minute-long weekly newsreels. They were shown in Polish cinemas prior to the main film, and this custom was continued after World War II, with the Communist-sponsored Polish Film Chronicle. Until September 1939, some 600 newsreels were produced. Only 100 survived the war, as following the Warsaw Uprising, archives of the PAT were destroyed.

Since 1921, the chairman of the agency was Piotr Gorecki, but after the May Coup, all major posts were handed over to the group of supporters of Jozef Pilsudski. In 1929, the chairman was Roman Starzynski, replaced in July 1933 by Konrad Libicki. Last prewar chairman of the PAT was Mieczyslaw Obarski.

In 1926, the PAT consisted of two departments: information and advertising. In 1927, film department was added, and in 1930, a film and photo studio was added. In 1935, autonomous film institute was opened, and in the same year, information department was divided into two offices: political, economical, art and culture, sports and provincial news. There also was a separate office handling foreign news. In 1935, the PAT had fourteen local offices, in the following towns: Białystok, Bydgoszcz, Gdynia, Grudziądz, Katowice, Kraków, Lublin, Lwów, Łódź, Łuck, Poznań, Sosnowiec, Toruń and Wilno. It also had ten foreign offices, at Berlin, Free City of Danzig, Geneva, London, Moscow, Paris, New York City, Riga, Rome and Vienna.

In the mid-1930s, the agency employed some 250 correspondents. In 1932, the PAT was merged with National Publishing House (Wydawnictwo Panstwowe), which resulted in opening four bulletins. In 1935, the agency signed advertising agreements with three major state monopolies: Polish Spirit Monopoly, Polish Tobacco Monopoly and General Savings Bank.

Ryszard Czerniawski

Ryszard Czerniawski (born 1952) is a Polish lawyer and economist. Czerniawski was educated at the Warsaw School of Economics and the University of Warsaw. He worked as a journalist from 1976 to 1990, first at the Polish Press Agency and then at the weekly Prawo i Życie (Law and Life). In 2008, he received a Doctor of Laws degree. Between 1990 and 1991 he was head of the Legal Department within the Capital Markets Development Division at the Ministry of Privatisation; and from 1991 until 1994 a Director of the Legal Department at the Warsaw Stock Exchange, eventually becoming Vice-Chairman of the Board of the Warsaw Stock Exchange in 1994, where he worked until June 2006.

From 1994 until 2006, Czerniawski was a member of the Supervisory Board of the National Depository for Securities, and between 1998 and 2001 served as the board's Chairman. In the period 2001-2003, he was a member of the Supervisory Board of Centrum Giełdowe S.A. and the company's subsidiary Infogiełda SA.He is the author of numerous publications on securities trading, including the first edition of Commentary on the Privatisation Act (1990), Commentary on Commercial Companies' Code provisions relating to Joint Stock Companies (2001), and Commentary on the Bonds Act (2003). He is also the co-author of a commentary on the Securities Public Trading Act (1996, 2001, 2002) and a guide for supervisory board members Between law and finance (2007). Czerniawski's other publications include Giełdy (Stock Markets) (1992), Poradnik akcjonariusza (Shareholders’ Handbook) (1991), Statuty Giełdy Warszawskiej (Statutes of the Warsaw Stock Exchange) (1995), the English edition of Statutes of the Warsaw Stock Exchange (1999) and Zarząd spółki akcyjnej (The Management Board of a Joint Stock Company) (2007).

In 2000 he was awarded Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.

Stefan Staszewski

Stefan Staszewski, also known as Gustaw Szuster or Gustaw Szusterman (born 13 November 1906, Warsaw – died 2 November 1989, Warsaw), was a Polish communist politician. An activist in the communist movement from the age of fourteen, he was in the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Poland in 1930–1932. His arrests in Poland were followed by extended stays in the Soviet Union. He graduated from and after 1934 became an instructor at the International Lenin School in Moscow. At the time of the Great Purge, Staszewski was arrested by the NKVD and in 1938 sentenced to eight years in Kolyma. On his release in 1945, he returned to Poland.

During the reign of Stalinism in the Polish People's Republic, Staszewski was in charge of propaganda, education and culture in the Katowice Voivodeship organization of the Polish Workers' Party. After holding further positions in official press and in the party central press departments, Staszewski became deputy minister of agriculture in January 1954. He was appointed regional first secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party Warsaw committee in September 1955. He resigned from the first secretary position in February 1957 and became president of the Polish Press Agency, a post he held until the summer of 1958. Staszewski supported Władysław Gomułka during the Polish October of 1956. However, Staszewski was becoming increasingly independent and critical of Gomułka's rule; he was removed from power and during the 1968 Polish political crisis expelled from the party. In the 1970s and 1980s, he was a supporter of the Polish democratic opposition.

United Right

The United Right (Polish: Zjednoczona Prawica) is a unofficial name of right-wing conservative political alliance in Poland formed between Law and Justice, United Poland and the Agreement/ Poland Together.The alliance has been in power since the 2015 elections. It is opposed by the Civic Coalition, led by Civic Platform.

Before 2015 elections in Sejm there was parliamentary club named United Right. It was formed by politics of Poland Together and United Poland, but Law and Justice wasn't part of this club.


Wiejkowo [vjɛi̯ˈkɔvɔ] (German: Groß Weckow) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wolin, within Kamień County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-western Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) south-east of Wolin, 19 km (12 mi) south of Kamień Pomorski, and 45 km (28 mi) north of the regional capital Szczecin.

The village has a population of 300.

Zygmunt Modzelewski

Zygmunt Modzelewski (April 15, 1900, Częstochowa – June 18, 1954, Warsaw) was a Polish communist politician.

He was a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania and Communist Party of Poland. From 1923 to 1937, he was a member of the French Communist Party and even joined its Central Committee. From 1937 in the Soviet Union, he joined the Union of Polish Patriots, Central Bureau of Polish Communists and became the first director of Polpress, a precursor to the Polish Press Agency. Later, he joined the Polish Workers' Party and Polish United Workers' Party, of which he eventually became the member of its Central Committee. He was also a member of the Polish Council of State and a deputy to the State National Council and Legislative Sejm.

He received the Order of the Builders of People's Poland. He was also the adoptive father of Karol Modzelewski.

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