The rules governing the formation of police villages were as follows:
A county council, upon the petition of a sufficient number of property owners and tenants, could erect a locality into a police village, so long as it had a population of not less than 150, and an area of not more than 500 acres (200 ha).
Where the locality straddled two or more counties, the council of the county that had the largest portion of the locality was the one that could establish the police village.
If the area was less than 500 acres (200 ha), the council could later increase the size up to that limit.
If the population later exceeded 500, upon the petition of two-thirds of the owners and tenants, the area could be increased beyond that limit at the rate of 20 acres (8.1 ha) per 100 in population.
If an expansion of a police village involved an extension into another county, it could not occur without the consent of the other county council.
After the Ontario Municipal Board was established, such erections and expansions could not occur without its approval, and it also had direct power to erect and expand police villages where a county council failed to act on a petition, as well as where the locality was within one of the provisional judicial districts.
Almost all of the communities which once held that status have since been erected into villages, towns or cities, or have been amalgamated into other municipalities. Russell still exists as such a body.
Police villages were dissolved with provincial acts creating new municipalities. In 1971, the creation of York Region resulted in the dissolution of Holland Landing, King City, Maple, Mount Albert, Nobleton, Queensville, Schomberg, Sharon, Thornhill, and Unionville as police villages. The responsibilities of the police village boards were shifted to other boards or the municipality to which the police village was amalgamated. For example, the trustees of the police village of King City were deemed a commission for the King City Hydro-Electric System, which became a local board of the township of King with full transfer of all rights and obligations.
Former police villages by historical county in Ontario
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