Policastro Bussentino

Policastro Bussentino (or simply Policastro) is an Italian town and hamlet (frazione) of the municipality of Santa Marina (of which it is the its seat) in the province of Salerno, Campania region. It is a former bishopric, now titular see, and has a population of 1,625.[1]

Policastro Bussentino
Skyline of Policastro Bussentino
Policastro Bussentino is located in Italy
Policastro Bussentino
Policastro Bussentino
Location of Policastro Bussentino in Italy
Coordinates: 40°04′00″N 15°31′00″E / 40.06667°N 15.51667°ECoordinates: 40°04′00″N 15°31′00″E / 40.06667°N 15.51667°E
Country Italy
Region Campania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
ComuneSanta Marina
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
2011
 • Total1,625[1]
Demonym(s)Policastresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84067
Dialing code(+39) 0974
NASA - Gulf of Policastro - Italy
Gulf of Policastro.
Defensive wall Policastro 3
Defensive walls.

History

The town was founded in 470 or 471 BC as Pixous (Ancient Greek: Πυξοῦς), by Micythus (Ancient Greek: Μίκυθος), the tyrant of Rhegion and Messena.[2][3] It has been a Latin Rite bishopric twice, as Bussento (Latin: Buxentum) and as Policastro, and remains a Catholic titular see as "Capo della Foresta".[4]

During the fascist period, with the union of municipalities of Ispani and Santa Marina, Policastro became a hamlet of Capitello.

Geography

The town is located on the southern side of Cilento, not too far from the national park, in the middle of its Gulf of Policastro on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Situated by the estuary of river Bussento, it is 10 km far (north) from Sapri, 5 from Santa Marina, 4 from Scario (hamlet of San Giovanni a Piro), 25 from Marina di Camerota (hamlet of Camerota) and almost 90 from Salerno. The nearest villages by the sea are Capitello (hamlet of Ispani, far 2 km) and Villammare (hamlet of Vibonati, far 4 km).

Tourism

Policastro attracts visitors, especially in summer, due to the quality of its water, its rural surroundings and a good rail link and for camping.

Transport

The railway station is situated in the middle of the town, by the main line Rome-Naples-Reggio Calabria-Palermo/Catania. Regional trains run every hour. The town recently inaugurated (2006) as the final track of national road SS18, which runs from Salerno - Battipaglia - Paestum - Agropoli - Vallo della Lucania - Palinuro to Sapri. Policastro has another carriageway, a variation of SS 517 that reaches Padula and the A2 Motorway[5] exit Padula-Buonabitacolo, via Sanza.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b ‹See Tfd›(in Italian) Infos on italia.indettaglio.it
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Italian) "Pixunte" on the Italian Encyclopedia Treccani
  3. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen, An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 289.
  4. ^ GCatholic - former bishopric of Buxentum and titular see of Capo della Foresta
  5. ^ Naples-Salerno-Cosenza-Reggio Calabria

External links

2013 Giro d'Italia

The 2013 Giro d'Italia was the 96th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It started in Naples and finished in Brescia. Vincenzo Nibali of team Astana won the general classification.

Angelo Spinillo

Angelo Spinillo (born May 1, 1951, Sant'Arsenio) is an Italian bishop.

Bussento

The Bussento is a river in southwestern Italy. Originating from Cervati mountain, it flows in the Campanian territory of Cilento, in the Province of Salerno. Its mouth is by the Tyrrhenian Sea, nearby Policastro Bussentino.

Cilentan Coast

The Cilento Coast (Italian: Costiera Cilentana) is an Italian stretch of coastline of Cilento, on the southern side of the Province of Salerno. It is situated in the gulfs of Salerno and Policastro, extending from the municipalities of Capaccio-Paestum in the north-west, to Sapri in the south-east.

Cilento

Cilento is an Italian geographical region of Campania in the central and southern part of the Province of Salerno and an important tourist area of southern Italy.

Cilento is known as one of the centers of Mediterranean diet.

List of railway stations in Campania

This is the list of the railway stations in Campania owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Magna Graecia

Magna Graecia (, US: ; Latin meaning "Great Greece", Greek: Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Italian: Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily; these regions were extensively populated by Greek settlers, particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis. The settlers who began arriving in the 8th century BC brought with them their Hellenic civilization, which was to leave a lasting imprint on Italy, such as in the culture of ancient Rome. Most notably the Roman poet Ovid referred to the south of Italy as Magna Graecia in his poem Fasti.

Marina di Camerota

Marina di Camerota is an Italian town, the largest Civil parish (frazione) of Camerota, situated in the province of Salerno, Campania. In 2007 it had a population of 2,674.

Padula

Padula (Cilentan: A Parula) is a comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is the home of the Carthusian monastery Certosa di San Lorenzo, sometimes referred to as the Certosa di Padula. As of 2011 its population was of 5,279.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Policastro

The Italian Catholic diocese of Policastro, in Campania, existed until 1986. In that year it was united into the diocese of Teggiano-Policastro. The diocese was a suffragan of the archdiocese of Salerno.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Teggiano-Policastro

The Italian Latin Catholic Diocese of (Diano-)Teggiano-Policastro (Latin: Dioecesis Dianensis-Policastrensis), in Campania, has existed since 1850, under its present name since 1986. In that year the Diocese of Diano-Teggiano was united with the diocese of Policastro.The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno. Its cathedral episcopal see is the Marian Cattedrale di S. Maria Maggiore e S. Michele Arcangelo, in Teggiano. The current bishop is Antonio De Luca.

San Giovanni a Piro

San Giovanni a Piro (Cilentan: San Giuanni) is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of southern Italy.

Santa Marina, Campania

Santa Marina is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy.

Sapri

Sapri is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is one of the southernmost towns of the region of Cilento and its population is 6,783.

Scario

Scario is an Italian village and hamlet (frazione), the largest of the municipality of San Giovanni a Piro in the province of Salerno, Campania region. In 2011, it had a population of 1,124.

Strada statale 18 Tirrena Inferiore

The strada statale 18 "Tirrena Inferiore" (SS 18) is an Italian state road, connecting Campania and Calabria.

It is one of most important as it is also one of the longest on Southern-Italy, considering that it follows the Tyrrhenian coast, from Salerno to Reggio di Calabria.

Vallo di Diano

The Vallo di Diano (also known as Valdiano) is an Italian valley of the south-eastern side of Campania, in the province of Salerno.

Via Nazionale

Via Nazionale is a street name in several Italian towns and cities, including:

Cortona

Policastro Bussentino

Rome

Trieste

Towns, villages and zones of Cilentan Coast

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