Poets' Corner

Poets' Corner is the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey because of the high number of poets, playwrights, and writers buried and commemorated there.

The first poet interred in Poets' Corner was Geoffrey Chaucer.[1] Over the centuries, a tradition has grown up of interring or memorialising people there in recognition of their contribution to British culture. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the honour is awarded to writers.

In 2009 the founders of the Royal Ballet were commemorated in a memorial floor stone and on 25 September 2010 the writer Elizabeth Gaskell was celebrated with the dedication of a panel in the memorial window.[2] On 6 December 2011, former Poet Laureate Ted Hughes was commemorated with a floor stone.[3] On 22 November 2013, the fiftieth anniversary of his death, writer C. S. Lewis was commemorated with a memorial floor stone.[4] The poet Philip Larkin was commemorated with a floor stone dedicated on 2 December 2016.[5][6][7]

Memorials in Poets Corner (2013)
Memorials in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey

History

Poets corner
Poets' Corner, Kent's 1740 Shakespeare Memorial at centre

The first poet interred in Poets' Corner, Geoffrey Chaucer, owed his 1400 burial in the Abbey (in front of St. Benedict's Chapel) more to his position as Clerk of Works of the Palace of Westminster than to his fame as a writer. The erection of his magnificent tomb by Nicholas Brigham in 1556 (to where Chaucer's remains were then transferred) and the nearby burial of Edmund Spenser in 1599 began a tradition that still continues. The area also houses the tombs of several Canons and Deans of the Abbey, as well as the grave of Thomas Parr who, it is said, died at the age of 152 in 1635 after having seen ten sovereigns on the throne.

Burial or commemoration in the Abbey does not always occur at or soon after the time of death. Lord Byron, for example, whose poetry was admired but who maintained a scandalous lifestyle, died in 1824 but was not given a memorial until 1969. Even William Shakespeare, buried at Stratford-upon-Avon in 1616, was not honoured with a monument until 1740 when one designed by William Kent was constructed in Poets' Corner (though shortly after Shakespeare's death William Basse had suggested Shakespeare should be buried there.) Samuel Horsley, Dean of Westminster in 1796, was said to have tartly refused the request for actress Kitty Clive to be buried in the Abbey:

if we do not draw some line in this theatrical ambition to mortuary fame, we shall soon make Westminster Abbey little better than a Gothic Green Room![8]

Not all poets appreciated memorialisation and Samuel Wesley's epitaph for Samuel Butler, who supposedly died in poverty, continued Butler's satiric tone:

While Butler, needy wretch, was yet alive,
No generous patron would a dinner give;
See him, when starv'd to death, and turn'd to dust,
Presented with a monumental bust.
The poet's fate is here in emblem shown,
He ask'd for bread, and he received a stone.

Some of those buried in Poets' Corner also had memorials erected to them over or near their grave, either around the time of their death or later. In some cases, such as Joseph Addison, the burial took place elsewhere in Westminster Abbey, with a memorial later erected in Poets' Corner. In some cases a full burial of a body took place, in other cases the body was cremated and the ashes buried. There are also cases where there was support for a particular individual to be buried in Poets' Corner, but the decision was made to bury them elsewhere in the Abbey, such as Edward Bulwer-Lytton. Other notable poets and writers, such as Aphra Behn, are buried elsewhere in the Abbey. At least two of the memorials (both to individuals buried in Poets' Corner – Rowe and Gay) were later moved to a location elsewhere in the Abbey due to the discovery of old paintings on the wall behind them.

Memorial types

The memorials can take several forms. Some are stone slabs set in the floor with a name and inscription carved on them, while others are more elaborate and carved stone monuments, or hanging stone tablets, or memorial busts. Some are commemorated in groups, such as the joint memorial for the Brontë sisters (commissioned in 1939, but not unveiled until 1947 due to the war), the sixteen First World War poets inscribed on a stone floor slab and unveiled in 1985, and the four founders of the Royal Ballet, commemorated together in 2009.[9]

The grave of Ben Jonson is not in Poets' Corner, but is in the north aisle of the nave. It has the inscription "O Rare Ben Johnson" (perhaps the original spelling) on the slab above it. It has been suggested that this could be read "Orare Ben Johnson" (pray for Ben Johnson), which would indicate a deathbed return to Catholicism, but the carving shows a distinct space between "O" and "rare".[10] The fact that he was buried in an upright grave could be an indication of his reduced circumstances at the time of his death[11] but it has also been suggested that Jonson asked for a grave exactly 18 inches square from the monarch and received an upright grave to fit in the requested space.[12] As well as the gravestone in the north aisle of the nave, a wall tablet commemorating Jonson was later erected in Poets' Corner.

As floor and wall space began to run out, the decision was taken to install a stained glass memorial window (unveiled in 1994 in memory of Edward Horton Hubbard), and it is here that new names are added in the form of inscribed panes of glass. There is room for 20 names, and currently (early 2010) there are six names on this window, with a new entry (Elizabeth Gaskell) unveiled on 25 September 2010.[13]

Burials

Image Name Born Died Age at death Details of
funeral
Occupation
Robert-adam Robert Adam 1729 1792 63 ... Architect
Isaac Barrow by Mary Beale Isaac Barrow 1630 1677 46 ... Mathematician
Francis Beaumont Francis Beaumont 1584 1616 31–32 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Playwright
... John Beaumont 1583 1627 43–44 ... Poet
... William Benson unknown 1549 unknown ... Abbot of Westminster
Mary Eleanor Bowes and her husband John Lyon. Mary Eleanor Bowes 1749 1800 51 Reported by some to have been buried in a court dress, with all the accessories necessary for a Royal audience, plus a small silver trumpet, and by others as in her bridal dress. Poet and playwright
Robert Browning 1865 Robert Browning 1812 1889 77 Browning's grave immediately adjacent to that of Alfred Tennyson. Poet and playwright
Richard Busby from NPG Richard Busby 1606 1695 88–89 ... Headmaster
William Camden by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger William Camden 1551 1623 72 ... Antiquarian and historian
Thomas Campbell by Sir Thomas Lawrence Thomas Campbell 1777 1844 66 Funeral 3 July 1844.[14] Poet
Rev. Henry Francis Cary Henry Francis Cary 1772 1844 72 Funeral 14 August 1844.[15] Author and translator
Isaac Casaubon from NPG Isaac Casaubon 1559 1614 55 ... Classical scholar
Sir William Chambers William Chambers 1723 1796 75 ... Architect
Geoffrey Chaucer (17th century) Geoffrey Chaucer c. 1343 1400 56–57 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. Author and poet
Abraham Cowley by Sir Peter Lely Abraham Cowley 1618 1667 48–49 ... Poet
Richard Cumberland, dramatist Richard Cumberland 1732 1811 79 ... Playwright
William Davenant William Davenant 1606 1668 62 ... Poet and playwright
Sir-john-denham-1 John Denham 1614 or 1615 1669 63–65 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Poet
Dickens Gurney head Charles Dickens 1812 1870 58 Dickens's will did not dictate his place of burial, but stipulated that there be no grand funeral ceremony. He was therefore given a secret early-morning funeral in the Abbey, 14 June 1870.[16] Author
MichaelDrayton Michael Drayton 1563 1631 67–68 Died in London. Monument placed by the Countess of Dorset, with memorial lines attributed to Ben Jonson. Poet
John Dryden by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt John Dryden 1631 1700 68 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. Poet and playwright
... Adam Fox 1883 1977 93–94 ... Oxford Professor of Poetry
Canon of Westminster Abbey
David Garrick by Thomas Gainsborough David Garrick 1717 1779 61 ... Playwright
John Gay - Project Gutenberg eText 13790 John Gay 1685 1732 47 ... Poet and playwright
William Gifford by John Hoppner William Gifford 1756 1826 70 Gifford wanted to be buried in South Audley Chapel, "but for the pressing request of his grateful executor [John Ireland, Dean of Westminster], who was anxious that Gifford's remains should be mingled with the great and good in Poets' Corner, Westminster-abbey."[17] Poet and editor
George Grote 2 George Grote 1794 1871 76 ... Historian
RichardHakluyt-BristolCathedral-stainedglasswindow Richard Hakluyt c.1552 1616 63–64 ... Author
Haendel George Frideric Handel 1685 1759 74 ... Composer
Thomashardy restored Thomas Hardy 1840 1928 87 Hardy's funeral, on 16 January 1928, proved a controversial occasion because Hardy himself had wished to be interred at Stinsford in the same grave as his first wife, Emma. His executor Sir Sydney Carlyle Cockerell, however, insisted that he be placed in the Poets' Corner. A compromise was reached whereby his heart was buried at Stinsford with Emma, and his ashes in the Abbey. Author and poet
Henry Irving portrait Henry Irving 1838 1905 67 ... Actor
Dr-Johnson Dr Samuel Johnson 1709 1784 75 ... Author, poet and lexicographer
Rudyard Kipling Rudyard Kipling 1865 1936 70 ... Author and poet
... Nicholas Litlington before 1315 1386 70+ ... Abbot of Westminster
Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay by John Partridge Thomas Macaulay 1800 1859 59 Public funeral, 9 January 1860.[18] Poet and historian
James Macpherson by George Romney James Macpherson 1736 1796 59 ... Author and poet
John Masefield 1913 John Masefield 1878 1967 88 According to his wishes, was cremated and his ashes placed in Poets' Corner. Poet and author
... Robert Moray 1608/9 1673 63–65 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Statesman and natural philosopher
Gilbert Murray Gilbert Murray 1866 1957 91 ... Scholar and translator
Laurence Olivier (borders removed) Laurence Olivier 1907 1989 82 ... Actor
Thomas Parr Old Tom Parr 1483 1635 152 ... Supposedly long-lived Englishman
Matthew Prior by Thomas Hudson Matthew Prior 1664 1721 57 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. Poet and diplomat
Nicholas Rowe from NPG Nicholas Rowe 1674 1718 44 ... Playwright and poet
Charles de Marquetel de Saint-Evremond by Jacques Parmentier Charles de Saint-Évremond 1610 1703 93 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. Essayist and literary critic
Richard Brinsley Sheridan Richard Brinsley Sheridan 1751 1816 64 ... Playwright and poet
Dr Robert South by William Dobson Robert South 1634 1716 81 ... Theologian and poet
EdmundSpenser Edmund Spenser c. 1552 1599 46–47 ... Poet
... Robert Stapylton c.1607 1669 61–62 ... Playwright
... Mary Steele 1678 1718 40 ... Letter writer
Alfred Lord Tennyson 1869 Alfred Tennyson 1809 1892 83 Large public funeral, 12 October 1892.[19] In 1893 the government formally requested there be a bust of Tennyson in Poets' Corner. The businessman-botanist Charles Jenner offered Thomas Woolner's 1857 bust of Tennyson to the Abbey, and it was placed near Tennyson's gravestone, by moving a tablet to Christopher Anstey. There was no formal unveiling ceremony.[20] Poet
Connop Thirlwall NPG Connop Thirlwall 1797 1875 78 ... Bishop and historian
... Thomas Triplet 1602 1670 68 ... Prebendary
... Owen Tudor 1429 1501 71–72 ... Monk of Westminster
Mrs garrick Eva Marie Veigel 1724 1822 98 ... Dancer

Memorials

Image Name Born Died Age at death Year
commemorated
Details of
memorial
Occupation
Joseph Addison by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt cleaned Joseph Addison 1672 1719 47 1809 Statue Poet and essayist
Christopher Anstey with his daughter by William Hoare Christopher Anstey 1724 1805 80 1807 Stone tablet Poet and author
Matthew Arnold - Project Gutenberg eText 16745 Matthew Arnold 1822 1888 65 1989 Memorial bust & Mural tablet Poet
Actrice Peggy Ashcroft op Schiphol voor optreden in Stadsschouwburg, Bestanddeelnr 914-0309 Peggy Ashcroft 1907 1991 83 2005 Floor stone Actress
AudenVanVechten1939 W. H. Auden 1907 1973 66 1974 Floor stone Poet
CassandraAusten-JaneAusten(c.1810) hires Jane Austen 1775 1817 41 1967 Wall tablet Author
Sir John Betjeman (1906-1984) John Betjeman 1906 1984 77 1996 Floor stone Poet and author
William Blake by Thomas Phillips William Blake 1757 1827 69 1957 Memorial bust Poet and artist
... Barton Booth 1681 1733 51–52 1772 Monument Actor
Charlotte Brontë Richmond cropped Charlotte Brontë 1816 1855 38 1947 Memorial tablet Author
Anne Brontë by Patrick Branwell Brontë restored Anne Brontë 1820 1849 29 1947 Memorial tablet Author
Emily Brontë by Patrick Branwell Brontë restored Emily Brontë 1818 1848 30 1947 Memorial tablet Author
Elizabeth Barrett Browning Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806 1861 55 1906 Floor stone Poet
Frances d'Arblay ('Fanny Burney') by Edward Francisco Burney Fanny Burney 1752 1840 87 2002 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Author and playwright
Robert burns Robert Burns 1759 1796 37 1885 Memorial bust by John Steell. Unveiled 7 March 1885 by the Earl of Rosebery.[21] Poet
Gilbert Soest - Samuel Butler - Google Art Project Samuel Butler 1612 1680 68 1721 Memorial bust Poet
Byron 1813 by Phillips Lord Byron 1788 1824 36 1969 Floor stone Poet
MemorialToCaedmon(RichardThomas)Jul2006 Cædmon fl.657 fl.680 unknown 1966 Floor stone Poet
John Campbell 2nd Duke of Argyll John Campbell 1678 1743 64 1749 Monument Soldier and nobleman
Lewis Carroll 1863 Lewis Carroll 1832 1898 65 1982 Floor stone Author
John Clare John Clare 1793 1864 70 1989 Floor stone Poet
SamuelTaylorColeridge Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1772 1834 61 1885 Memorial bust Poet
George Eliot at 30 by François D'Albert Durade George Eliot 1819 1880 61 1980 Floor stone Author
T.S. Eliot, 1923 T. S. Eliot 1888 1965 76 1967 Floor stone Poet and playwright
David Frost Rumsfeld interview cropped David Frost 1939 2013 74 2014 Floor stone[22] Journalist, comedian, writer and media personality
Elizabeth Gaskell 1832 Elizabeth Gaskell 1810 1865 55 2010 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Novelist
Oliver Goldsmith by Sir Joshua Reynolds Oliver Goldsmith 1728 1774 45 1776 Memorial tablet and bust Poet and playwright
Adam Lindsay Gordon - Melbourne monument Adam Lindsay Gordon 1833 1870 36 1934 Memorial bust Poet
... John Ernest Grabe 1666 1711 44–45 1727 Monument Priest and theologian
PortraitThomasGrayByJohnGilesEccart1747to1748 Thomas Gray 1716 1771 54 1778 Monument Poet and historian
Stephen Hales Stephen Hales 1677 1761 83 1761 Monument Priest and scientist
Robert Herrick 1591-1674 Robert Herrick 1591 1674 83 1994 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Poet
GerardManleyHopkins Gerard Manley Hopkins 1844 1889 44 1975 Floor stone Poet
Alfred Edward Housman.jpeg A. E. Housman 1859 1936 77 1996 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Poet
Poet Ted HughesDCP 2068 Ted Hughes 1930 1998 68 2011 Floor stone at the foot of that for T. S. Eliot, one of his main influences Poet
HenryJamesPhotograph Henry James 1843 1916 72 1976 Floor stone Author
Benjamin Jonson by Abraham van Blyenberch Ben Jonson 1572 1637 65 1723 Wall tablet Playwright and poet
John Keats by William Hilton John Keats 1795 1821 25 1954 Mural tablet Poet
John Keble John Keble 1792 1866 73 1873 Bust Poet
... Philip Larkin 1922 1985 63 2016 Floor stone. The stone was inscribed with the final two lines from "An Arundel Tomb":

Our almost-instinct almost true:
What will survive of us is love.[7]

Poet and novelist
DH Lawrence 1906 D. H. Lawrence 1885 1930 44 1985 Floor stone Author and poet
Edwardlear Edward Lear 1812 1888 75 1988 Floor stone Author and poet
... C. S. Lewis 1898 1963 64 2013 Floor stone. The dedication service, at noon on 22 November 2013, included a reading from The Last Battle by Douglas Gresham, younger stepson of Lewis. Flowers were laid by Walter Hooper, trustee and literary advisor to the Lewis Estate. An address was delivered by former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams. The floor stone inscription is a quotation from an address by Lewis: "I believe in Christianity as I believe that the Sun has risen, not only because I see it but because by it I see everything else."[23] Author
Jenny Lind retouched Jenny Lind 1820 1887 67 1894 Wall tablet. "A medallion portrait of the famous singer – the last work of the late Mr Birch – has been placed in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, and was yesterday unveiled by the Princess Christian."[24] Opera singer
HenryWLongFellow1868 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 1807 1882 75 1884 Memorial bust by Thomas Brock, unveiled 1 March 1884.[25] Poet
Frederic William Maitland by Beatrice Lock (Mrs Fripp) F. W. Maitland 1850 1906 56 2001 Floor stone Historian
Christopher Marlowe Christopher Marlowe 1564 1593 29 2002 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Playwright and poet
William Mason by William Doughty William Mason 1724 1797 72–73 1799 Monument Poet
... Thomas May 1595 1650 54–56 1880 Wall stone Poet and playwright
John-milton John Milton 1608 1674 65 1737 Monument Poet and author
John Philips from NPG John Philips 1676 1709 32 1710 Monument Poet
Alexander Pope by Michael Dahl Alexander Pope 1688 1744 56 1994 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Poet
John Pringle John Pringle 1707 1782 74 ... Monument Military physician
Hannah Pritchard Hannah Pritchard 1711 1768 56–57 ... Monument. Later moved to the triforium. Actress
John Ruskin 1879 John Ruskin 1819 1900 80 1902 Portrait roundel in bronze by Onslow Ford. Unveiled 8 February 1902, after a controversy over whether Ruskin felt monuments like this wasted money and disfigured a building's architectural unity.[26] Poet and art critic
Sir Henry Raeburn - Portrait of Sir Walter Scott Walter Scott 1771 1832 61 1897 Bust by the Scottish sculptor John Hutchison, "a beautifully executed copy of the famous Chantrey bust at Abbotsford".[27] Author and poet
ShadwellT Thomas Shadwell c.1642 1692 ~50 c.1700 Monument Poet and playwright
Shakespeare William Shakespeare 1564 1616 52 1740 Monument Playwright and poet
Grsharp Granville Sharp 1735 1813 77 1816 Monument Slavery abolitionist
Portrait of Percy Bysshe Shelley by Curran, 1819 Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792 1822 29 1954 Mural tablet Poet
Robert Southey - Project Gutenberg eText 13619 Robert Southey 1774 1843 68 1845 Monument Poet
William Makepeace Thackeray by Jesse Harrison Whitehurst-crop William Makepeace Thackeray 1811 1863 52 1865 Bust Author
James Thomson (Scottish poet) James Thomson 1700 1748 47 1762 Monument Poet and playwright
Dylan Swansea Dylan Thomas 1914 1953 39 1982 Floor stone Poet and author
Sarony, Napoleon (1821-1896) - Trollope, Anthony (1815-1882) Anthony Trollope 1815 1882 67 1993 Floor stone Author
William Vincent by GP Harding after William Owen William Vincent 1739 1815 76 c.1815[28] 1 Monument Dean of Westminster
Oscar Wilde.jpeg Oscar Wilde 1854 1900 46 1995 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Playwright and author
William Wordsworth William Wordsworth 1770 1850 80 1854 Monument Poet
James Wyatt James Wyatt 1746 1813 67 ... Monument Architect

First World War poets

The memorial in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, to 16 Great War poets is a slate stone slab with the names of the poets inscribed on it. It was unveiled on 11 November 1985, the 67th anniversary of the Armistice. An additional inscription quotes Owen's "Preface":[29]

My subject is War, and the pity of War. The Poetry is in the pity.
Image Poet Born Died Age when
war started[30]
Notes on
war service
Notes on
poetry
... Richard Aldington 1892 1962 22 Enlisted 1916
Commissioned 1917
Second Lieutenant
Royal Sussex Regiment
...
Laurence Binyon by William Strang Laurence Binyon 1869 1943 44 Volunteered in 1915 and 1916
Hôpital Temporaire d'Arc-en-Barrois
British hospital for French soldiers
...
Edmundblundencirca1914 Edmund Blunden 1896 1974 17 Commissioned August 1915
Second Lieutenant
Royal Sussex Regiment
...
Rupert Brooke Q 71073 Rupert Brooke 1887 1915 27 Commissioned August 1914
Temporary Sub-Lieutenant
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
...
... Wilfrid Gibson 1878 1962 35 Rejected several times
Enlisted October 1917
Army Service Corps
(Motor Transport)
Never saw active service
...
... Robert Graves 1895 1985 19 Commissioned 1914
Royal Welch Fusiliers
...
Julian Grenfell (For Remembrance) cropped Julian Grenfell 1888 1915 26 Commissioned 1910
Captain (at time of death)
Royal Dragoons
...
... Ivor Gurney 1890 1937 23 Private
Gloucestershire Regiment
...
... David Jones 1895 1974 18 Royal Welch Fusiliers ...
Robert Nichols, by Elliott & Fry Robert Nichols 1893 1944 20 Commissioned 1914
Royal Artillery
...
Wilfred Owen plate from Poems (1920) Wilfred Owen 1893 1918 21 Enlisted 1915
Commissioned June 1916
Second Lieutenant
Manchester Regiment
...
Herbert Read (1966) Herbert Read 1893 1968 20 Captain
Green Howards
...
Isaac Rosenberg by Isaac Rosenberg Isaac Rosenberg 1890 1918 23 Enlisted October 1915
12th Suffolk Folk Regiment
King's Own Royal Lancaster
...
Siegfried Sassoon by George Charles Beresford (1915) Siegfried Sassoon 1886 1967 27 Enlisted 1914
Commissioned May 1915
Captain (at end of war)
Royal Welch Fusiliers
...
Charles Hamilton Sorley (For Remembrance) cropped and retouched Charles Sorley 1895 1915 19 Enlisted 1914
Captain (at time of death)
Suffolk Regiment
...
Thomasportrait Edward Thomas 1878 1917 36 Enlisted July 1915
Artists Rifles
Commissioned November 1916
Royal Garrison Artillery
...

Royal Ballet

The stone slab floor memorial to the four founders of the Royal Ballet was dedicated on 17 November 2009.

Image Name Born Died Age at death Notes on
Royal Ballet role
Ninette de Valois 1898 2001 102 ...
... Frederick Ashton 1904 1988 84 ...
Constant Lambert by Christopher Wood Constant Lambert 1905 1951 45 ...
Margot Fonteyn - 1960s Margot Fonteyn 1919 1991 71 ...

Elsewhere in the Abbey

Poets and writers commemorated elsewhere in Westminster Abbey, but not in Poets' Corner proper.[31][32]

Image Name Born Died Age at death Year
commemorated
Details of
memorial
Notes on
artistic career
... Robert Ayton 1570 1638 67–68 Bust Poet
Aphra Behn by Mary Beale Aphra Behn 1640 1689 48 Gravestone Author and playwright
Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton by Henry William Pickersgill Edward Bulwer-Lytton 1803 1873 69 Gravestone Author and poet
John Bunyan by Thomas Sadler 1684 John Bunyan 1628 1688 59 1912 Memorial window Author
Mary Lucas Margaret Cavendish 1623 1673 69–70 Monument Author and poet
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle William Cavendish 1592 1676 84 Monument Playwright and poet
William Congreve William Congreve 1670 1729 58 c.1730 Monument Playwright and poet
Noel Coward Allan warren edit 1 Noël Coward 1899 1973 73 1984 Floor stone Playwright and composer
Cowper William Cowper 1731 1800 68 1876 Memorial window Poet and hymnodist
4thEarlOfRoscommon Wentworth Dillon 1637 1685 47–48 Grave not marked Poet
Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli 1804 1881 76 1884 Statue Author
George Herbert George Herbert 1593 1633 39 1876 Memorial window Poet and orator
Sir Robert Howard Robert Howard 1626 1698 72 Playwright
CharlesKingsley.jpeg Charles Kingsley 1819 1875 55 1875 Bust Author
James Russell Lowell - 1855 James R. Lowell 1819 1891 72 Tablet and window Poet
(John) Frederick Denison Maurice by Jane Mary Hayward F. D. Maurice 1805 1872 66 1932 Bust Author
Anne Oldfield from NPG Anne Oldfield 1683 1730 47 Gravestone Actress
Henry Spelman2 Henry Spelman c.1564 1641 76–77 Gravestone Antiquarian
Arthur Penrhyn Stanley by Lowes Cato Dickinson Arthur P. Stanley 1815 1881 65 1884 Tomb and effigy Author
Sybil Thorndike Sybil Thorndike 1882 1976 93 Gravestone Actress
Vaughan-Williams-by-Rothenstein Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872 1958 86 1958 Floor stone Composer
Isaac Watts from NPG Isaac Watts 1674 1748 74 1779 Monument Hymnodist

See also

Information about the last resting places of other famous poets can be found at:

Poets' Corner is also the title of a play by James Huntrods[33] and The Poets' Corner was a book of caricatures of famous poets by Max Beerbohm published in 1904.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Harold Bloom (2009). "Geoffrey Chaucer". p. 13. Infobase Publishing
  2. ^ "Elizabeth Gaskell". Westminster-abbey.org (25 September 2010). Retrieved on 21 October 2011.
  3. ^ Ted Hughes takes his place in Poets' Corner, BBC News, 6 December 2011
  4. ^ "CS Lewis honoured with Poets' Corner memorial". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2012
  5. ^ "Westminster Abbey honour for poet Philip Larkin". Westminster Abbey. June 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  6. ^ Sawyer, Patrick (26 November 2016). "'Outsider' Larkin finally joins the Establishment in Poets' Corner". The Daily Telegraph.
  7. ^ a b "Westminster Poets' Corner memorial for Philip Larkin". BBC News. BBC. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  8. ^ The Times, 26 March 1796, p. 3
  9. ^ A Service to Dedicate a Memorial to the Founders of the Royal Ballet, Westminster Abbey press release, November 2009, accessed 16 March 2010
  10. ^ "Monuments & Gravestones: Ben Jonson". Westminster Abbey 1065 to today. Dean and Chapter of Westminster Abbey. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
  11. ^ Adams, J. Q. The Jonson Allusion Book. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1922: 195–6.
  12. ^ Dunton, Larkin (1896). The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett. p. 34.
  13. ^ Abbey to honour Cranford's creator, Westminster Abbey press release, January 2010, accessed 15 March 2010
  14. ^ The Times, 29 June 1844, p. 6; 4 July 1844, p. 5
  15. ^ The Times, 22 August 1844, p. 3
  16. ^ 'Funeral of Mr. Charles Dickens', The Times, 15 June 1870.
  17. ^ The Times, 13 February 1827, p. 3
  18. ^ The Times, 9 January 1860, p. 10; 10 January 1860, p. 9
  19. ^ The Times, 13 October 1892
  20. ^ "In accordance with the wish of the family there was no formal ceremonial of unveiling, and, as in the case of General Gordon, Dean Stanley, and the Earl of Beaconsfield, the memorial was placed, a possession for ever, in the presence of none save those by whom the work was done." The Times, 3 June 1895, p. 6
  21. ^ The Times, 9 March 1885
  22. ^ "Sir David Frost's memorial at Westminster's Poets' Corner". BBC News. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  23. ^ A service to dedicate a memorial to C. S. Lewis, writer, scholar, apologist. Westminster Abbey. 2013.
  24. ^ The Times, 21 April 1894
  25. ^ The Times, 2 November 1992, p. 6; 26 February 1884, p. 10; 3 March 1884, p. 8
  26. ^ Sydney C. Cockerell letter to The Times, 22 August 1900; The Times, 7 February 1902, p. 9; 10 February 1902, p. 8
  27. ^ The Times, 22 May 1897, p. 16
  28. ^ "Yesterday morning, at half-past eleven o'clock, the remains of Dr. VINCENT, the Dean of Westminster, were interred in a private manner, at the back of DRYDEN's monument." The Times, 30 December 1815, p. 3
  29. ^ Poets of the Great War, Brigham Young University, accessed 14 March 2010
  30. ^ The date used here is 4 August 1914, the date Britain entered the war.
  31. ^ Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey (James Wilkinson, 2007), inside back page
  32. ^ Treasures of Westminster Abbey (Tony Trowles, 2008)
  33. ^ [1]

Coordinates: 51°29′57″N 0°7′38.50″W / 51.49917°N 0.1273611°W

Burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey

Honouring individuals with burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey has a long tradition.

Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen

Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen is a book of twenty-five caricatures by English caricaturist, essayist and parodist Max Beerbohm. It was published in 1896 by Leonard Smithers and Co and was Beerbohm's first book of caricatures.

Published with an introduction by Leonard Raven-Hill, Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen appeared the same year as Beerbohm's first collection of essays, The Works of Max Beerbohm. Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen includes portraits of many prominent writers and artists of the 1890s, including Richard Le Gallienne, Frank Harris, Rudyard Kipling, Aubrey Beardsley and George Bernard Shaw.The collection established Beerbohm's reputation as the cruelest caricaturist of his day. Beerbohm was aged 24 when the book was published.

Daniel Haberman

Daniel Haberman (1933–1991) was an American poet, translator and graphic designer. Haberman was instrumental in founding the American Poets' Corner at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City and was the Cathedral's first Poet-in-Residence, from 1983 to 1986. In 1988 he and his wife, pianist Barbara Nissman, moved from New York to a farm in the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia, where he lived until his death.

David Frost

Sir David Paradine Frost (7 April 1939 – 31 August 2013) was an English television host, media personality, journalist, comedian, and writer.

After graduating from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, Frost rose to prominence in the United Kingdom when he was chosen to host the satirical programme That Was the Week That Was in 1962. His success on this show led to work as a host on U.S. television. He became known for his television interviews with senior political figures, among them the Nixon interviews with former U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1977, which were adapted into a stage play and film.

Frost was one of the "Famous Five" who was behind the launch of ITV breakfast station TV-am in 1983. For the BBC, he hosted the Sunday morning interview programme Breakfast with Frost from 1993 to 2005. He spent two decades as host of Through the Keyhole. From 2006 to 2012 he hosted the weekly programme Frost Over the World on Al Jazeera English and from 2012, the weekly programme The Frost Interview.

Frost died on 31 August 2013, aged 74, on board the cruise ship MS Queen Elizabeth, on which he had been engaged as a speaker. In March 2014, his memorial stone was unveiled in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey for his contribution to British culture.

David Garrick

David Garrick (19 February 1717 – 20 January 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson. He appeared in a number of amateur theatricals, and with his appearance in the title role of Shakespeare's Richard III, audiences and managers began to take notice.

Impressed by his portrayals of Richard III and a number of other roles, Charles Fleetwood engaged Garrick for a season at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. He remained with the Drury Lane company for the next five years and purchased a share of the theatre with James Lacy. This purchase inaugurated 29 years of Garrick's management of the Drury Lane, during which time it rose to prominence as one of the leading theatres in Europe. At his death, three years after his retirement from Drury Lane and the stage, he was given a lavish public funeral at Westminster Abbey where he was laid to rest in Poets' Corner.

As an actor, Garrick promoted realistic acting that departed from the bombastic style that was entrenched when he first came to prominence. His acting delighted many audiences and his direction of many of the top actors of the English stage influenced their styles as well. During his tenure as manager of Drury Lane, Garrick also sought to reform audience behaviour. While this led to some discontent among the theatre-going public, many of his reforms eventually did take hold. Garrick also sought reform in production matters, bringing an overarching consistency to productions that included set design, costumes and even special effects.

Garrick's influence extended into the literary side of theatre as well. Critics are almost unanimous in saying he was not a good playwright, but his work in bringing Shakespeare to contemporary audiences is notable. In addition, he adapted many older plays in the repertoire that might have been forgotten. These included many plays of the Restoration era. Indeed, while influencing the theatre towards a better standard he also gained a better reputation for theatre people. This accomplishment led Samuel Johnson to remark that "his profession made him rich and he made his profession respectable."

Easington, Cherwell

Easington, Poets Corner and the Timms estate are three interconnecting estates in the town of Banbury, Oxfordshire.

Enderley

Enderley is a suburb of Hamilton, New Zealand. It became a part of Hamilton in the 5th boundary extension in 1949. It is the highest ranking suburb for socio-economic deprivation in eastern Hamilton.

Fifty Caricatures

Fifty Caricatures is a book of fifty caricatures by English caricaturist, essayist and parodist Max Beerbohm. It was published in 1913 by William Heinemann in Britain and E.P. Dutton & Company in the United States. It was Beerbohm's fifth book of caricatures, after Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen (1896), The Poets' Corner (1904), A Book of Caricatures (1907), and Cartoons: The Second Childhood of John Bull (1911).

Published in 1913, Beerbohm's illustrations include caricatures of George Bernard Shaw, Lloyd George, Joseph Pennell, Lord Rosebery, John Masefield, George Grossmith, Jr., H. B. Irving, Auguste Rodin, Thomas Hardy, Bonar Law and Enrico Caruso and a collection of politicians of the time. The fifty caricatures appear on the rectos only, numbers 1 to 48 being executed in half-tone and mounted on brown paper, while numbers 49 to 50 are line drawings on white paper. The cover drawing of a corpulent be-laurelled man in profile was intended by Beerbohm to "typify triumphant mediocrity," but soon for critics became a symbol for Beerbohm himself, his top-hat here at his side rather than perched jauntily on his head.

List of Cartoon Planet episodes

This is an episode list for Cartoon Planet listed from its re-packaged season of 22 half-hour episodes that aired from 1997 to 1998 (followed by two specials episodes), along with the episode listings of the 2012 revival series.

Memorials to William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare has been commemorated in a number of different statues and memorials around the world, notably his funerary monument in Stratford-upon-Avon (c.1623); a statue in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey, London, designed by William Kent and executed by Peter Scheemakers (1740); and a statue in New York's Central Park by John Quincy Adams Ward (1872).

Peter Scheemakers

Peter Scheemakers or Pieter Scheemaeckers II or the Younger (16 January 1691 – 12 September 1781) was a Flemish sculptor who worked for most of his life in London, Great Britain where his public and church sculptures in a classicist style had an important influence on the development of sculpture.

Scheemakers is perhaps best known for executing the William Kent-designed memorial to William Shakespeare which was erected in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey in 1740 as well as that to John Dryden in the same church.

Philip Larkin

Philip Arthur Larkin (9 August 1922 – 2 December 1985) was an English poet, novelist, and librarian. His first book of poetry, The North Ship, was published in 1945, followed by two novels, Jill (1946) and A Girl in Winter (1947), and he came to prominence in 1955 with the publication of his second collection of poems, The Less Deceived, followed by The Whitsun Weddings (1964) and High Windows (1974). He contributed to The Daily Telegraph as its jazz critic from 1961 to 1971, articles gathered in All What Jazz: A Record Diary 1961–71 (1985), and he edited The Oxford Book of Twentieth Century English Verse (1973). His many honours include the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry. He was offered, but declined, the position of Poet Laureate in 1984, following the death of Sir John Betjeman.

After graduating from Oxford in 1943 with a first in English language and literature, Larkin became a librarian. It was during the thirty years he worked with distinction as university librarian at the Brynmor Jones Library at the University of Hull that he produced the greater part of his published work. His poems are marked by what Andrew Motion calls "a very English, glum accuracy” about emotions, places, and relationships, and what Donald Davie described as "lowered sights and diminished expectations". Eric Homberger (echoing Randall Jarrell) called him "the saddest heart in the post-war supermarket"—Larkin himself said that deprivation for him was “what daffodils were for Wordsworth”. Influenced by W. H. Auden, W. B. Yeats, and Thomas Hardy, his poems are highly structured but flexible verse forms. They were described by Jean Hartley, the ex-wife of Larkin's publisher George Hartley (the Marvell Press), as a "piquant mixture of lyricism and discontent", though anthologist Keith Tuma writes that there is more to Larkin's work than its reputation for dour pessimism suggests.Larkin's public persona was that of the no-nonsense, solitary Englishman who disliked fame and had no patience for the trappings of the public literary life. The posthumous publication by Anthony Thwaite in 1992 of his letters triggered controversy about his personal life and political views, described by John Banville as hair-raising, but also in places hilarious. Lisa Jardine called him a "casual, habitual racist, and an easy misogynist", but the academic John Osborne argued in 2008 that "the worst that anyone has discovered about Larkin are some crass letters and a taste for porn softer than what passes for mainstream entertainment". Despite the controversy Larkin was chosen in a 2003 Poetry Book Society survey, almost two decades after his death, as Britain's best-loved poet of the previous 50 years, and in 2008 The Times named him Britain's greatest post-war writer.In 1973 a Coventry Evening Telegraph reviewer referred to Larkin as "the bard of Coventry", but in 2010, 25 years after his death, it was Larkin's adopted home city, Kingston upon Hull, that commemorated him with the Larkin 25 Festival which culminated in the unveiling of a statue of Larkin by Martin Jennings on 2 December 2010, the 25th anniversary of his death. On 2 December 2016, the 31st anniversary of his death, a floor stone memorial for Larkin was unveiled at Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey.

Poets Corner Group

Poets Corner Group is a poetry group in India. The group's main purpose is to make it easier for new and aspiring poets to be published. Since its advent, Poets Corner has published over 340 poets in 21 anthologies in both English and Hindi language.The Poets Corner Group also hosts online competitions, poetry reading events, panel discussion, book launches, workshops, and other activities.

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 1751 – 7 July 1816) was an Irish satirist, a playwright, poet, and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. He is known for his plays such as The Rivals, The School for Scandal, The Duenna, and A Trip to Scarborough. He was also a Whig MP for 32 years in the British House of Commons for Stafford (1780–1806), Westminster (1806–1807), and Ilchester (1807–1812). He is buried at Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. His plays remain a central part of the canon and are regularly performed worldwide.

Sandeep Nath

Sandeep Nath is a Lyricist,Composer,Screenwriter, Director and Producer in Bollywood. He started his literary career as a poet at the age of eighteen. He has completed more than two books as namely "Mujhko Kuch Bhi Naam Doh" (a collection of Hindi poetry), "Darpan Ab Bhi Andha Hai" (a collection of Ghazals). His poetry has been selected in "Kabita Parabasey" an anthology of Bengali poems written by the poets from outside Bengal and published by Bangiya Maitri Samiti Mumbai. He is closely associated with India's fastest growing poetry group "Poets Corner Group" & "Delhi Poetry Festival". One of his poem was featured in Musings : A Mosaic (anthology by Poets' Corner). In his Indian film career he has written lyrics for more than seventy well known Bollywood films, he is most known for his work in films like 'Madhur Bhandarkar's Page 3 (2005), Corporate (2006), Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Saawariya (2007), Tigmanshu Dhulia's Paan Singh Tomar (film) (2012) and Bullet Raja, Mohit Suri's Aashiqui 2 (2013) and Rohit Shetty's Singham Returns (2014), Bhushan Patel's ALONE (2015) , Vikramjit Singh’s Roy (2015), Deepak Tijori’s Do lafzon ki kahani (2016).

Statue of William Shakespeare, Leicester Square

A statue of William Shakespeare, sculpted by Giovanni Fontana after an original by Peter Scheemakers, has formed the centrepiece of Leicester Square Gardens in London since 1874. The marble figure, copied from Scheemakers' 18th-century monument to Shakespeare in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, stands on a pedestal flanked by dolphins at the centre of a fountain. It is the result of improvements to the gardens made by the financier Albert Grant, who bought the Square in 1874 and had it refurbished to a design by James Knowles.The scroll held by Shakespeare is inscribed with a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act IV, Scene II), THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE, where the original in Poets' Corner has a misquoted passage from The Tempest. The Leicester Square statue also differs from its model in omitting portrait reliefs of Henry V, Richard III and Elizabeth I from the plinth on which Shakespeare rests. The inscription on the pedestal in Leicester Square reads:

THIS ENCLOSURE/ WAS PURCHASED, LAID OUT/ AND DECORATED AS A GARDEN/ BY ALBERT GRANT ESQ[UI]RE M.P./ AND/ CONVEYED BY HIM ON THE 2ND JULY 1874/ TO THE/ METROPOLITAN BOARD OF WORKS/ TO BE PRESERVED FOR EVER/ FOR THE FREE USE AND ENJOYMENT/ OF THE PUBLIC

The statue is listed at Grade II. In 2012 it underwent restoration, and the cleaning was completed and new water features added in 2014.

The Poets' Corner

The Poets' Corner is a book of twenty caricatures by English caricaturist, essayist and parodist Max Beerbohm. It was published in 1904 by William Heinemann, and was Beerbohm's second book of caricatures, the first being Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen (1896).

Named after Poets' Corner, the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey due to the number of poets, playwrights, and writers now buried and commemorated there, the book is a collection of Max Beerbohm's caricatures depicting notable poets from the past up to 1904, including Lord Byron, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Shakespeare, Walt Whitman, William Wordsworth, W.B. Yeats, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning, Dante, Robert Burns, Matthew Arnold, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Henrik Ibsen.The Poets' Corner was republished in 1943 as a King Penguin publication with an introduction by John Rothenstein and expanded to twenty-four colour illustrations.

Tranmere, South Australia

Tranmere is an eastern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Campbelltown.

University of New Brunswick

The University of New Brunswick (UNB) is a public university with two primary campuses in Fredericton and Saint John, New Brunswick. It is the oldest English-language university in Canada, and among the oldest public universities in North America. UNB was founded by a group of seven Loyalists who left the United States after the American Revolution.UNB has two main campuses: the original campus, founded in 1785 in Fredericton, and a smaller campus which opened in Saint John in 1964. In addition, there are two small satellite health sciences campuses located in Moncton and Bathurst, New Brunswick, and two offices in the Caribbean and in Beijing. UNB offers over 75 degrees in fourteen faculties at the undergraduate and graduate levels with a total student enrollment of approximately 11,400 between the two principal campuses. UNB was named the most entrepreneurial university in Canada at the 2014 Startup Canada Awards.

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